The Crying of Lot 49
The Crying of Lot 49 is a novella by Thomas Pynchon, first published in 1965. The shortest of Pynchons novels, it is about a woman, Oedipa Maas, the former actually existed and was the first firm to distribute postal mail, the latter is Pynchons invention. The novel is often classified as a example of postmodern fiction. Time included the novel in its TIME100 Best English-language Novels from 1923 to 2005, the novel follows Oedipa Maas, a California housewife who becomes entangled in a convoluted historical mystery, when her ex-lover dies having named her as the co-executor of his estate. The catalyst of Oedipas adventure is a set of stamps that may have used by a secret underground postal delivery service. Its mailboxes are disguised as regular waste bins, often displaying its slogan, W. A. S. T. E. and its symbol, a muted post horn. The existence and plans of this organization are revealed bit by bit. Oedipa is buffeted between believing and not believing in it, without finding proof either way, prominent among these references is the Trystero symbol, a muted post horn with one loop.
Originally derived, from the Thurn and Taxis coat of arms, Oedipa first finds this symbol in a bar bathroom, where it decorates a graffito advertising a group of polyamorists. It appears among an engineers doodles, as part of a childrens sidewalk jump rope game, amidst Chinese ideograms in a shop window, the post horn appears on the cover art of many TCL49 editions and in artwork created by the novels fans. Oedipa finds herself drawn into the intrigue when an old boyfriend, Inveraritys will names her as his executor. Soon enough, she learns that although Inverarity once lost two million dollars in his time still had assets numerous and tangled enough to make the job of sorting it all out more than honorary. She leaves her home in Kinneret-Among-The-Pines, a northern California village and travels south to the fictional town of San Narciso. Exploring puzzling coincidences that she uncovers while parsing Inveraritys testament, Oedipa finds what might be evidence for the Trysteros existence, sinking or ascending ever more deeply into paranoia, she finds herself torn between believing in the Trystero and believing that it is a hoax established by Inverarity.
Near the novels conclusion, she reflects, He might have written the testament only to harass a one-time mistress, bitterness could have run that deep in him. He might himself have discovered The Tristero, and encrypted that in the will, or he might even have tried to survive death, as a paranoia, as a pure conspiracy against someone he loved. Along the way, Oedipa meets a range of eccentric characters. Her therapist in Kinneret, Dr. Hilarius, turns out to have done his internship in Buchenwald, liberal SS circles felt it would be more humane, he explains
On the Road
On the Road is a novel by American writer Jack Kerouac, based on the travels of Kerouac and his friends across America. It is considered a work of the postwar Beat and Counterculture generations, with its protagonists living life against a backdrop of jazz, poetry. The idea for On the Road, Kerouacs second novel, was formed during the late 1940s in a series of notebooks and it was first published by Viking Press in 1957. After several film proposals dating from 1957, the book was made into a film, On the Road, produced by Francis Ford Coppola. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked On the Road 55th on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century, the novel was chosen by Time magazine as one of the 100 best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005. After Kerouac dropped out of Columbia University, he served on several different sailing vessels before returning to New York to write and he met and mixed with Beat Generation figures Allen Ginsberg, William Burroughs, and Neal Cassady.
Between 1947 and 1950, while writing what would become The Town, Kerouac carried small notebooks, in which much of the text was written as the eventful span of road trips unfurled. He started working on the first of several versions of the novel as early as 1948, however, he remained dissatisfied with the novel. In a letter to a student in 1961, Kerouac wrote, Dean and I were embarked on a journey through post-Whitman America to FIND that America and it was really a story about 2 Catholic buddies roaming the country in search of God. The manuscript was typed on what he called the continuous, 120-foot scroll of tracing paper sheets that he cut to size. The roll was typed single-spaced, without margins or paragraph breaks, in the following years, Kerouac continued to revise this manuscript, deleting some sections and adding smaller literary passages. On the Road was championed within Viking Press by Malcolm Cowley and was published by Viking in 1957, besides differences in formatting, the published novel was shorter than the original scroll manuscript and used pseudonyms for all of the major characters.
Viking Press released an edited version of the original manuscript titled On the Road, The Original Scroll. This version has been transcribed and edited by English academic and novelist Dr. Howard Cunnell, the collection included 10 manuscript pages of an unfinished version of On the Road, written on January 19,1951. The date of the writings makes Kerouac one of the earliest known authors to use colloquial Quebec French in literature, the original scroll of On The Road was bought in 2001 by Jim Irsay for $2.43 million. It has occasionally made available for public viewing, with the first 30 feet unrolled. Between 2004 and 2012, the scroll was displayed in a number of museums and libraries in the United States, and it was exhibited in Paris in the summer of 2012 to celebrate the movie based on the book. The novel contains five parts, three of them describing road trips with Moriarty, the novel is largely autobiographical, Sal being the alter ego of the author and Dean standing for Neal Cassady
Djuna Barnes was an American writer and artist best known for her novel Nightwood, a cult classic of lesbian fiction and an important work of modernist literature. In 1913, Barnes began her career as a freelance journalist, by early 1914, Barnes was a highly sought feature reporter and illustrator whose work appeared in the city’s leading newspapers and periodicals. In 1921, a commission with McCall’s magazine took Barnes to Paris. During the 1930s, Barnes spent time in England, New York and it was during this restless time that she wrote and published Nightwood. In October 1939, after two decades living mostly in Europe, Barnes returned to New York. She published her last major work, the verse play The Antiphon, in 1958, Barnes was born in a log cabin on Storm King Mountain, near Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York. Her paternal grandmother Zadel Barnes was a writer and her father, Wald Barnes, was an unsuccessful composer and painter. An advocate of polygamy, he married Barness mother Elizabeth in 1889, his mistress Fanny Clark moved in with them in 1897 and they had eight children, whom Wald made little effort to support financially.
As the second oldest child, Barnes spent much of her childhood helping care for siblings and half-siblings and she received her early education at home, mostly from her father and grandmother, who taught her writing and music but neglected subjects such as math and spelling. She claimed to have had no schooling at all, some evidence suggests that she was enrolled in public school for a time after age ten. At the age of 16 she was raped, apparently by a neighbor with the knowledge and consent of her father and she referred to the rape obliquely in her first novel Ryder and more directly in her furious final play The Antiphon. Shortly before her 18th birthday she reluctantly married Fanny Clarks brother Percy Faulkner in a ceremony without benefit of clergy. The match had been promoted by her father, grandmother and brother. In 1912 Barness family, facing financial ruin, split up, Elizabeth moved to New York City with Barnes and three of her brothers, filed for divorce, freeing Wald to marry Fanny Clark.
Upon arriving at the Daily Eagle, Barnes declared, “I can draw and write and she published short fiction in the New York Morning Telegraphs Sunday supplement and in the pulp magazine All-Story Cavalier Weekly. Much of Barness journalism was subjective and experiential, writing about a conversation with James Joyce, she admitted to missing part of what he said because her attention had wandered, though she revered Joyces writing. For a 1914 New York World magazine article she submitted to force-feeding and she concluded, I had shared the greatest experience of the bravest of my sex. It was their mistreatment which motivated Barnes to experience for herself the torture of being force-fed, Barnes immersed herself in risky situations in order to access experiences that a previous generation of homebound women had been denied
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
William Ford Gibson is an American-Canadian speculative fiction writer and essayist widely credited with pioneering the science fiction subgenre known as cyberpunk. Gibson notably coined the term cyberspace in his short story Burning Chrome and these early works have been credited with renovating science fiction literature after it had fallen largely into insignificance in the 1970s. In the 1990s, Gibson composed the Bridge trilogy of novels, which explored the sociological developments of urban environments, postindustrial society. These works saw his name reach mainstream bestseller lists for the first time and his more recent novel, The Peripheral, returned to a more overt engagement with technology and recognizable science fiction concerns. In 1999, The Guardian described Gibson as probably the most important novelist of the past two decades, while the Sydney Morning Herald called him the prophet of cyberpunk. His work has been cited as an influence across a variety of disciplines spanning academia, film, music and his family moved frequently during Gibsons youth owing to his fathers position as manager of a large construction company.
In Norfolk, Gibson attended Pines Elementary School, where the lack of encouragement for him to read was a cause of dismay for his parents. While Gibson was still a child, a little over a year into his stay at Pines Elementary. His mother, unable to tell William the bad news, had someone else inform him of the death, tom Maddox has commented that Gibson grew up in an America as disturbing and surreal as anything J. G. Ballard ever dreamed. A few days after the death, Gibsons mother returned them from their home in Norfolk to Wytheville, at the age of 12, Gibson wanted nothing more than to be a science fiction writer. He spent a few years at basketball-obsessed George Wythe High School. Becoming frustrated with his academic performance, Gibsons mother threatened to send him to a boarding school, to her surprise. He resented the structure of the boarding school but was in retrospect grateful for its forcing him to engage socially. On the SAT exams, he scored 148 out of 150 in the section but 5 out of 150 in mathematics.
In 1967, he elected to move to Canada in order to avoid the Vietnam war draft, at his draft hearing, he honestly informed interviewers that his intention in life was to sample every mind-altering substance in existence. Gibson has observed that he did not literally evade the draft, as they never bothered drafting me, after the hearing he went home and purchased a bus ticket to Toronto, and left a week or two later. He elaborated on the topic in a 2008 interview, After weeks of nominal homelessness, Gibson was hired as the manager of Torontos first head shop, a retailer of drug paraphernalia. He found the citys community of American draft dodgers unbearable owing to the prevalence of clinical depression, suicide
Michael Bruce Sterling is an American science fiction author known for his novels and work on the Mirrorshades anthology. This work helped to define the cyberpunk genre, along with William Gibson, Rudy Rucker, John Shirley, Lewis Shiner, and Pat Cadigan, is one of the founders of the cyberpunk movement in science fiction. In addition, he is one of the chief ideological promulgators. This has earned him the nickname Chairman Bruce and he was one of the first organizers of the Turkey City Writers Workshop, and is a frequent attendee at the Sycamore Hill Writers Workshop. He won Hugo Awards for his novelettes Bicycle Repairman and Taklamakan and his first novel, Involution Ocean, published in 1977, features the world Nullaqua where all the atmosphere is contained in a single, miles-deep crater. The story concerns a ship sailing on the ocean of dust at the bottom and it is partially a science-fictional pastiche of Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. From the late 1970s onwards, Sterling wrote a series of set in the Shaper/Mechanist universe.
The Mechanists use a great deal of computer-based mechanical technologies, the Shapers do genetic engineering on a massive scale, alastair Reynolds identified Schismatrix and the other Shaper/Mechanist stories as one of the greatest influences on his own work. In the 1980s, Sterling edited the science fiction critical fanzine Cheap Truth under the alias of Vincent Omniaveritas and he wrote a column called Catscan for the now-defunct science fiction critical magazine SF Eye. He contributed a chapter to Sound Unbound, Sampling Digital Music and he contributed, along with Lewis Shiner, to the short story Mozart in Mirrorshades. From April 2009 through May 2009, he was an editor at Cool Tools, since October 2003 Sterling has blogged at Beyond the Beyond, which is hosted by Wired. His most recent novel is Love Is Strange, a Paranormal Romance, the Viridian Design home page, including Sterlings Viridian Manifesto and all of his Viridian Notes, is managed by Jon Lebkowsky at http, //www. viridiandesign. org.
The Viridian Movement helped to spawn the popular bright green environmental weblog Worldchanging, worldChanging contributors include many of the original members of the Viridian curia. Sterling has a habit of coining neologisms to describe things that he believes will be common in the future, in the December 2005 issue of Wired magazine, Sterling coined the term buckyjunk. Buckyjunk refers to future, difficult-to-recycle consumer waste made of carbon nanotubes, in his 2005 book Shaping Things he coined the term design fiction which refers to a type of speculative design which focuses on world building. In July 1989, in SF Eye #5, he was the first to use the slipstream to refer to a type of speculative fiction between traditional science fiction and fantasy and mainstream literature. In December 1999 he coined the term Wexelblat disaster, for a disaster caused when a natural disaster triggers a secondary, in his book Zeitgeist, he introduced the term Major consensus narrative as an explanatory synonym for truth.
In August 2004 he suggested a type of device that, through pervasive RFID and GPS tracking, can track its history of use
The Maltese Falcon (novel)
The Maltese Falcon is a 1929 detective novel by Dashiell Hammett, originally serialized in the magazine Black Mask beginning with the September 1929 issue. The story has been adapted several times for the cinema, raymond Chandlers character Philip Marlowe, for instance, was strongly influenced by Hammetts Spade. Spade was a departure from Hammetts nameless detective, The Continental Op, the briefly seen character Rhea Gutman, who has no back story, does not appear in any of the film versions. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked The Maltese Falcon 56th on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. Note, the story is entirely in external third-person narrative, there is no description whatever of any characters internal thoughts or feelings, only what they say and do. In 1928, Samuel Sam Spade is a detective in San Francisco. A beautiful young woman, Miss Wonderly, hires them to follow Floyd Thursby, and find her sister and that night, Archer is found shot to death. A few hours later, Thursby is killed and Spade is a suspect, Spade refuses to tell the police about the client.
The next morning, Spade coolly tells his secretary, Effie Perine. Miss Wonderly is soon revealed as adventuress Brigid OShaughnessy, involved with the title object, others are after the falcon, including Joel Cairo, an effeminate Greek homosexual, and Casper Gutman, a fat man accompanied by vicious young gunman Wilmer Cook. OShaughnessy begs for Spades protection, putting on a show of fear. They meet with Cairo at Spades apartment, while they are waiting, Spade tells OShaughnessy of the Flitcraft case, an odd story from his early years as a detective. After Cairo leaves, Spade again presses OShaughnessy, again she stalls, the next morning, she is asleep in his bed. While she is asleep, Spade slips out to search her apartment, Effie says OShaughnessy is all right and Spade should help her. Effie agrees to hide OShaughnessy at her home - but OShaughnessy disappears again instead, Spade meets Gutman in his hotel room, neither will tell what he knows. Spade implies he is looking out for himself, not OShaughnessy, the police suspect Spade in the shootings because he was bedding Archers wife Iva.
The District Attorney ties the shootings to Dixie Monahan, a Chicago gambler who employed Thursby as a bodyguard in the Far East, at a second meeting, Gutman tells Spade the history of the falcon, citing various obscure historical sources. It was made of gold and jewels by the 16th-century Knights of Malta, but it was captured by pirates, and passed from owner to owner around Europe for centuries
Richard K. Morgan
Richard Morgan is an English science fiction and fantasy author. Born in London, and brought up in the village of Hethersett, near Norwich, after graduating he started teaching English in order to travel the world. After 14 years and a post at the University of Strathclyde, his first novel was published, Morgans books are generally set in a post-extropianist dystopian world. In 2002 Morgans first novel Altered Carbon was published, combining elements of cyberpunk and hardboiled detective fiction, the film rights for the book sold for a reported figure of $1,000,000 to film producer Joel Silver, enabling Morgan to become a full-time writer. In 2003 the U. S. edition received the Philip K. Dick Award, in 2003 Broken Angels was published, the sequel to Altered Carbon, again featuring Takeshi Kovacs and blending science fiction and war fiction in a similar way to his cross-genre début. Market Forces, Morgans first non-Kovacs novel, is set in the not-too-distant future and it was originally written as a short story, as a screenplay.
After the success of his first two works, it was released as a novel and optioned as a film. Morgans third, and he has stated final, Kovacs novel Woken Furies was released in the UK in March 2005, Morgan wrote two six issue miniseries for Marvel Comics under the Marvel Knights imprint. According to Morgans official website the series was an artefact of limited appeal and is unlikely to be continued, black Man was released in May 2007 in the UK and in June 2007 in the USA. According to the author, the book is about the constraints of physicality and these are things he could not deal with in the Kovacs universe, because for Kovacs and people like him mortality is avoidable, you just skip into a new body. The novel subsequently won the 2008 Arthur C. Clarke Award, the second volume, titled The Cold Commands was published in 2011. The third book in the series is called The Dark Defiles and was published on 17 August 2014, liber Primus Games, creator of Narborion Saga is creating a gamebook series based on the A Land Fit For Heroes trilogy.
The first game was published for Android and Amazon Kindle Fire devices on 4 November 2015, Morgan worked with Electronic Arts and Crytek as lead writer for their 2011 video game, Crysis 2. In 2008, he worked with Starbreeze as a writer for their 2012 re-imagining of the original Syndicate and his current writings feature heavily on the theme of autonomy in science fiction and escapism in fantasy
F. Paul Wilson
Francis Paul Wilson is an American author, primarily in the science fiction and horror genres. Wilson is a practicing family physician. He made his first sales in 1970 to Analog while still in medical school, in 1981, he ventured into the horror genre with the international bestseller, The Keep, and helped define the field throughout the rest of the decade. In the 1990s, he became a true genre hopper, moving from science fiction to horror to medical thrillers and branching into interactive scripting for Disney Interactive and other multimedia companies. He, along with Matthew J. Costello and scripted FTL Newsfeed, among Wilsons best-known characters is the anti-hero Repairman Jack, an urban mercenary introduced in the 1984 New York Times bestseller, The Tomb. Unwilling to start a character at the time, Wilson refused to write a second Repairman Jack novel until Legacies in 1998. Since he has one per year along with side trips into vampire fiction, science fiction. Current books sales are around six million, throughout his writing – especially in his earlier science fiction works – Wilson has included explicitly libertarian political philosophy which extends to his Repairman Jack series.
He won the first Prometheus Award in 1979 for his novel Wheels Within Wheels, the Libertarian Futurist Society has honored Wilson with their Hall of Fame Award for Healer and An Enemy of the State. In 2015 he received the third special Prometheus Award for Lifetime Achievement, Wilson is a noted fan of H. P. Lovecraft Why. Because HPL is special to me, donald A. Wollheim is to blame. I was just a kid, a thirteen years old when he slipped me my first fix. I was a kid up till then, reading Ace Doubles and clean, wholesome science fiction stories by the likes of Heinlein, E. E. Smith, Poul Anderson, Fred Pohl. But he brought me down with one anthology and he knew what he was doing. He called it THE MACABRE READER and slapped this lurid neato cool Ed Emshwiller cover on it. In answer to a claim that Tolkiens Lord of the Rings was an influence on The Keep, Wilson responded, First off, Im not a fan of LOtR – I struggled through it once as a teen and never looked back. The influences on The Keep were Ludlum, R. E.
Howard, a prominent example is his novel An Enemy of the State, which was written during the 1970s, an era that saw stagflation develop in the U. S. economy. In that period, inflation in the United States reached its highest level since World War II, the protagonist La Nague was born on Tolive, where the philosophy led to a government described in detail in The Healer
Around the World in Eighty Days
Around the World in Eighty Days is a classic adventure novel by the French writer Jules Verne, published in 1873. In the story, Phileas Fogg of London and his newly employed French valet Passepartout attempt to circumnavigate the world in 80 days on a £20,000 wager set by his friends at the Reform Club and it is one of Vernes most acclaimed works. The story starts in London on Tuesday,1 October,1872, Phileas Fogg is a rich British gentleman living in solitude. Despite his wealth, Fogg lives a modest life with habits carried out with mathematical precision, very little can be said about his social life other than that he is a member of the Reform Club. Having dismissed his valet, James Forster, for bringing him shaving water at 84 °F instead of 86 °F. He accepts a wager for £20,000 from his club members to complete such a journey within this time period. Fogg and Passepartout reach Suez in time, while disembarking in Egypt, they are watched by a Scotland Yard detective, one Fix, who has been dispatched from London in search of a bank robber.
Because Fogg answers the vague description Scotland Yard was given of the robber, since he cannot secure a warrant in time, Fix boards the steamer conveying the travellers to Bombay. Fix becomes acquainted with Passepartout without revealing his purpose, Fogg promises the steamer engineer a large reward if he gets them to Bombay early. They dock two days ahead of schedule, after reaching India they take a train from Bombay to Calcutta. Fogg learns that the Daily Telegraph article was wrong--the railroad actually ends at Kholby and starts again,50 miles further on, Fogg buys an elephant, hires a guide, and starts toward Allahabad. They come across a procession in which a young Indian woman, since the young woman is drugged with opium and hemp and is obviously not going voluntarily, the travellers decide to rescue her. They follow the procession to the site, where Passepartout takes the place of Aoudas deceased husband on the pyre on which she is to be burned. During the ceremony he rises from the pyre, scaring off the priests, the twelve hours gained earlier are lost, but Fogg shows no regret.
The travellers hasten to catch the train at the railway station. At Calcutta, they board a steamer going to Hong Kong, Fix has Fogg and Passepartout arrested. They jump bail and Fix follows them to Hong Kong and he shows himself to Passepartout, who is delighted to again meet his travelling companion from the earlier voyage. In Hong Kong, it out that Aoudas distant relative, in whose care they had been planning to leave her, has moved to Holland
Cory Efram Doctorow is a Canadian-British blogger and science fiction author who serves as co-editor of the blog Boing Boing. He is an activist in favour of liberalising copyright laws and a proponent of the Creative Commons organization, some common themes of his work include digital rights management, file sharing, and post-scarcity economics. Doctorow was born in Toronto and his father was born in a refugee camp in Azerbaijan. Although he is an admirer of acclaimed novelist E. L, the two are of no known relation, contrary to popular belief, the surname Doctorow is somewhat common among Jewish people of Eastern European descent. In elementary school, Doctorow befriended Tim Wu and he received his high school diploma from the SEED School, and attended four universities without attaining a degree. He served on the board of directors for the Grindstone Island Co-operative in Big Rideau Lake in Ontario, in June 1999, he co-founded the free software P2P company Opencola with John Henson and Grad Conn.
The company was sold to the Open Text Corporation of Waterloo, upon his departure, Doctorow was named a Fellow of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. The professorship included a one-year writing and teaching residency at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles and he returned to London, but remained a frequent public speaker on copyright issues. In 2009, Doctorow became the first Independent Studies Scholar in Virtual Residence at the University of Waterloo in Ontario and he was a student in the program during 1993–94, but left without completing a thesis. Doctorow is a Visiting Senior Lecturer at the Open University in the United Kingdom, in 2012 he was awarded an honorary doctorate from The Open University. Doctorow married Alice Taylor in October 2008, and together they have one daughter named Poesy Emmeline Fibonacci Nautilus Taylor Doctorow, Doctorow became a British citizen by naturalisation on 12 August 2011. These two facts are not unrelated and he rejoined the EFF in January 2015 to campaign for the eradication of digital rights management.
He served as Canadian Regional Director of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 1999, on October 31,2005, Doctorow was involved in a controversy concerning digital rights management with Sony-BMG, as told in Wikinomics. Doctorow was the speaker at the July 2016 Hackers on Planet Earth conference. Doctorow began selling fiction when he was 17 years old and sold several stories followed by publication of his story Craphound in 1998, the electronic edition was released simultaneously with the print edition. In March 2003, it was re-released with a different Creative Commons licence that allowed derivative works such as fan fiction and it was nominated for a Nebula Award, and won the Locus Award for Best First Novel in 2004. A semi-sequel short story named Truncat was published on Salon. com in August 2003, Doctorow released the bestselling novel Little Brother in 2008 with a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike licence. It was nominated for a Hugo Award for Best Novel in 2009.
and won the 2009 Prometheus Award, Sunburst Award, and his novel Makers was released in October 2009, and was serialized for free on the Tor Books website
John Griffith Jack London was an American novelist and social activist. Some of his most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life. He wrote about the South Pacific in stories such as The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen, London was part of the radical literary group The Crowd in San Francisco and a passionate advocate of unionization and the rights of workers. He wrote several works dealing with these topics, such as his dystopian novel The Iron Heel, his non-fiction exposé The People of the Abyss. Jack Londons mother, Flora Wellman, was the fifth and youngest child of Pennsylvania Canal builder Marshall Wellman and his first wife, Marshall Wellman was descended from Thomas Wellman, an early Puritan settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Flora left Ohio and moved to the Pacific coast when her father remarried after her mother died, in San Francisco, Flora worked as a music teacher and spiritualist, claiming to channel the spirit of a Sauk chief, Black Hawk.
Biographer Clarice Stasz and others believe Londons father was astrologer William Chaney, Flora Wellman was living with Chaney in San Francisco when she became pregnant. Whether Wellman and Chaney were legally married is unknown, most San Francisco civil records were destroyed by the extensive fires that followed the 1906 earthquake, nobody knows what name appeared on her sons birth certificate. Stasz notes that in his memoirs, Chaney refers to Londons mother Flora Wellman as having been his wife, according to Flora Wellmans account, as recorded in the San Francisco Chronicle of June 4,1875, Chaney demanded that she have an abortion. When she refused, he disclaimed responsibility for the child and she was not seriously wounded, but she was temporarily deranged. After giving birth, Flora turned the baby over for care to Virginia Prentiss and she was a major maternal figure throughout Londons life. Late in 1876, Flora Wellman married John London, a partially disabled Civil War veteran, the family moved around the San Francisco Bay Area before settling in Oakland, where London completed public grade school.
He wrote to William Chaney, living in Chicago, Chaney concluded by saying that he was more to be pitied than London. London was devastated by his fathers letter, in the following, he quit school at Berkeley. London was born near Third and Brannan Streets in San Francisco, the house burned down in the fire after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the California Historical Society placed a plaque at the site in 1953. Although the family was working class, it was not as impoverished as Londons accounts claimed, in 1885, London found and read Ouidas long Victorian novel Signa. He credited this as the seed of his literary success, in 1886, he went to the Oakland Public Library and found a sympathetic librarian, Ina Coolbrith, who encouraged his learning. In 1889, London began working 12 to 18 hours a day at Hickmotts Cannery, seeking a way out, he borrowed money from his foster mother Virginia Prentiss, bought the sloop Razzle-Dazzle from an oyster pirate named French Frank, and became an oyster pirate