San Juan del Sur
San Juan del Sur is a municipality and coastal town on the Pacific Ocean, in the Rivas department in southwest Nicaragua. It is located 140 kilometres south of Managua. San Juan del Sur is popular among surfers and is a vacation spot for many Nicaraguan families and foreign tourists, its population is 15,553, consisting of families engaged in fishing or the tourism industry and foreigners from the United States and Europe. While the local economy was, for many years, based on fishing and shipping, it has shifted towards tourism in the last 20 years. In October 2002, to mark the city's 150th anniversary, it was formally designated the "Port of San Juan del Sur" and a "Tourism City of Nicaragua."San Juan del Sur, set beside a crescent-shaped bay, was a popular resting place for gold prospectors headed to California in the 1850s. Correspondingly, San Juan del Sur served as a hub for Cornelius Vanderbilt Lines. A statue of the Christ of the Mercy sits above town on the northern end of the bay; the Mirador del Cristo de la Misericordia sits on one of the highest points on the bay and is one of the tallest Jesus statues in the world.
The town is near the site where Survivor: Survivor: Redemption Island were filmed. Those seasons aired in 2011, respectively; the 29th U. S. Survivor season, Survivor: San Juan del Sur, was filmed there, as was Season 30, Survivor: Worlds Apart, which aired in 2015. San Juan del Sur has become a hot spot for international surfing competition. San Juan del Sur is the port on the Pacific, focus of many historic and modern day Nicaragua Canal proposals because of its location on the narrow isthmus of Rivas between the Pacific Ocean and Lake Nicaragua. U. S. backed forces engaged in armed conflict in San Juan del Sur on March 7, 1984. On September 2, 1992 a magnitude 7.0 earthquake off the central coast of Nicaragua generated a tsunami that devastated many communities along the Pacific Coast. Run-up values along the coast ranged from 2m in the north and south to up to 10m in some central locations. Run-up values in San Juan del Sur were 5m; as a result of the tsunami an estimated 60% of homes in the community were destroyed 800 residents were displaced, businesses and homes along the Malecón suffered severe damage.
Tropical savanna climates have monthly mean temperature above 18 °C in every month of the year and a pronounced dry season, with the driest month having precipitation less than 60 mm of precipitation. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Aw".. The Barrio Planta Project school is supported by a US-based 501 organization. San Juan del Sur is twinned with: Gießen, Germany Newton, Massachusetts, USA Sauda, Norway Virginia Beach, Virginia, USA List of lighthouses in Nicaragua Points of interest on the map for San Juan del Sur - Interactive online map of San Juan del Sur San Juan Live - Practical Lifestyle Information on San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua Nicaragua Earthquake/Tsunami Sep 1992 UNDHA Situation Reports 1 – 7 Satake, K. J. Bourgeois, K. Abe, K. Abe, Y. Tsuji, F. Imamura, Y. Iio, H. Katao, E. Noguera, F. Estrada. 1993. Tsunami Field Survey of the 1992 Nicaragua Earthquake. Eos, 74:145-160
Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro
Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro, in the Mexican state of Michoacán, is a small village near the Parícutin volcano. The city is called "Nuevo" because the original San Juan Parangaricutiro was destroyed during the formation of the Parícutin volcano in 1943. Along with the village of Parícutin, San Juan Parangaricutiro was buried beneath lava; the tops of cathedrals in old San Juan Parangaricutiro still protrude from the volcanic deposits. Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro is located about 8 kilometers west of Uruapan and 16-kilometer east of the peak of Parícutin in central Michoacán; the village’s postal code is 60490. Like many places in Mexico, it is locally known by several unofficial names. "San Juan", "Nuevo San Juan", "Parangaricutiro" are all variations. San Juan Parangaricutiro is famously known as Parangaricutirimícuaro, the longest toponym in Mexico; some does not exist. It is the object of the folklore of many fictitious fables; the word itself is a tongue-twister and it is used in longer tongue-twisters that include nonsense words similar to Parangaricutirimícuaro e.g.: "El pueblo de Parangaricutirimícuaro se va a desparangaricutirimicuarizar.
Quien logre desparangaricutirimicuarizarlo primero será un gran desparangaricutirimicuarizador." Pronunciation of Parangaricutiro http://tripedia.info/attraction/nuevo-san-juan-parangaricutiro-michoacan-mexico/
San Juan (Buenos Aires Underground)
San Juan is a station on Line C of the Buenos Aires Underground. Media related to San Juan at Wikimedia Commons
San Juan Chamula is a municipio and township in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It is situated some 10 km from San Cristóbal de las Casas; as of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 76,941. The entire population of the municipality is indigenous and speaks an indigenous language. In 2010, the census reported that 99.5% of the population age 3 years or older speaks an indigenous language. The Tzotzil people and language dominate the municipality. Chamula is located at an altitude of 2,200 meters; the town enjoys unique autonomous status within Mexico. No outside police or military are allowed in the village. Chamulas have their own police force. One of the best ethnographic descriptions of Chamula in English is Chamulas in the World of the Sun by Gary H. Gossen; as of 2010, the town of Chamula had a population of 3,329. Other than the town of Chamula, the municipality had 149 localities, the largest of which were: Cruztón, Chicumtantic, Muquén, Saclamantón, Romerillo, Narváez, Bautista Chico, Las Ollas, Tentic, Arvenza Uno, Pugchén Mumuntic, Tzontehuitz, classified as rural.
The church of San Juan, in the municipal cabecera, is filled with colorful candles, smoke from burning copal resin incense used throughout southern Mexico. Along the walls of the church are Catholic saints resting on tables posted in the church, but they represent Mayan gods. Candles are lit and the people sit on the floor and pray below the saints; the local form of Catholicism is a blend of pre-conquest Maya customs, Spanish Catholic traditions, subsequent innovations. There are no pews in the church, the floor area is covered in a carpet of green pine boughs. Curanderos diagnose medical, psychological or ‘evil-eye’ afflictions and prescribe remedies such as candles of specific colors and sizes, specific flower petals or feathers, or - in a dire situation - a live chicken; the specified remedies are brought to a healing ceremony. Chamula families kneel on the floor of the church with sacrificial items, stick candles to the floor with melted wax, drink ceremonial cups of Posh, artisanal sugar-cane-based liquor, chant prayers in an archaic dialect of Tzotzil.
Photography in the town is difficult as parents will hide their children or they themselves will turn away as soon as they spot a camera. Photography within the church is prohibited as is photographing the Christmas procession to the church, they can throw you out of town. The main agricultural products are corn, beans and cabbage. Women make traditional clothing and souvenirs that include Zapatista-related items, such as pens with a clay figure on top in the figure of Subcomandante Marcos or Comandante Tacho. Report of religious conflicts between Catholics and Evangelicals in Chamula in the late nineties The Elliott's'Remedy' Website Video from the town square during a festival, including a conversation with two young Chamulas
San Juan Province, Argentina
San Juan is a province of Argentina, located in the western part of the country. Neighbouring provinces are, moving clockwise from La Rioja, San Luis and Mendoza, it borders with Chile at the west. The province has an area of 89,651 km2, covering a mountainous region with scarce vegetation, fertile oases and turbulent rivers. Throughout the entire province there are an important number of paleontological sites. Similar to other regions in Argentina, agriculture is one of the most important economic activities, highlighting wine production and olive oil. Additionally, a variety of fruits and vegetables are produced in the fertile valleys irrigated by artificial channels in the western part, close to the Andes mountain range; this is the second province in volume of wine production at the national level and in South America, possesses outstanding varietal wines. It is an important center of mining and oil production. Before the arrival of Spanish conquistadores, different tribes like Huarpes, Capazanes and Yacampis influenced by the Inca empire, inhabited the area.
The city of San Juan de la Frontera was founded by Juan Jufré y Montesa in 1562 and relocated 2 kilometres south in 1593 due to the frequent flooding of the San Juan River. In 1776, San Juan was annexed to the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, becoming one of the cities of the Province of Cuyo. In the same year, the first recorded earthquake caused massive damage to the city; the father of Argentine independence, Gen. Jose de San Martin, was appointed Governor of the Province of Cuyo in 1814. From there, San Martin began his legendary crossing of the Andes, one of military history's great tactical decisions. San Juan a small town, was a great supporter of the expedition supplying gold and mules. In 1820, San Juan was granted autonomy from the Province of Cuyo, thereby becoming an autonomous province; the remainder of Cuyo region became Mendoza Province. Following an era of international isolation for Argentina, the advent of new, more liberal government in 1853 attracted a number of exiled intellectuals back into San Juan.
Among these, was a San Juan military officer and novelist named Domingo Sarmiento. Sarmiento was elected governor in 1862, pursuing sorely needed public investments and enacting Argentina's first law mandating compulsory education. Once elected President of Argentina in 1868, those policies became national law. In 1944 a moderate, yet destructive earthquake near the capital destroyed most of the city and killed 10,000 people. A fundraiser was organized to raise money for the victims of the quake where Colonel Juan Perón met his eventual wife and political companion Eva Duarte. A more powerful earthquake stuck the same city in 1977; the most noteworthy loss following this event was the destruction of the Cathedral of San Juan. A new, modernist house of worship was put up in its place and inaugurated in 1979. Among the most growing provinces in Argentina after 1945, the national government began the construction of the National University of San Juan, which opened its doors in 1973. Congress further responded to the needs of San Juan's growing agricultural sector by breaking ground in the mid'70s for the largest hydrostructural project in the province up to that point, the Ullum Dam and Reservoir.
Inaugurated in 1980, it has contributed to the province's production of irrigated desert crops, like olives, figs and, most wine grapes. In 2005, Barrick Gold Corporation, one of the world's largest gold-mining conglomerates, announced the purchase of large tracts in the San Juan Andes where a gold mine was started; these have, so far, been yielding over 11,000 ounces of gold yearly, though evidence suggests these activities may be having an adverse impact on San Juan's glaciers. In 2007, the same company installed the world's highest-situated wind turbine at the Veladero mine in San Juan Province at nearly 4,200m elevation; the province is part of the continental semi-desert Cuyo region. The arid plains start on the east, with a few low hills in the middle and swiftly turn into 6,000-meter-high mountain peaks towards the west. Both areas are subject to the dry hot Zonda. Most of the precipitations take place during the summer as electrical storms; the hot wind has modeled the clay-rich red soil into Pampa del Leoncito and Valle de la Luna 200-million-year-old geological formations.
The Jáchal and San Juan rivers, both part of Desaguadero River system, are the source of fertile valleys and centre of the province's economy. The San Juan River finishes on the southeast. San Juan concentrates most of its population in the oases or central valleys, Tulum Valley, Ullum and Jáchal, containing nearly 80% of this population; the remaining is located in the oasis located at the foot of the Andes in Calingasta. Another population concentration is in Fertile Valley. San Juan focuses its economy in agriculture, specially wine production. Additionally, preserved foods production is developed. Mining is a growing activity, with the extraction of various minerals financed by multinational companies. Tourism is a new and flourishing activity and it is becoming an important source of revenue for the province. San Juan's is a diversified, economy, its output was estimated in 2006 at US$3.613 billion, or US$5,827 per capita (a third less than the national averag
San Juan de Rioseco
San Juan de Rioseco is a municipality and town of Colombia in the department of Cundinamarca with a population of about 10,000 people. It lies in mountainous terrain in the coffee land at an altitude of about 4,000 feet, high above the Magdalena River, on the western slope of Colombia's eastern cordillera about 60 miles from Bogotá by car. On a clear day the snow-capped peaks of four volcanos in the central cordillera can be seen in the distance to the west; the main industry of the region is agriculture, principally coffee grown in small farms on steep slopes in the shade provided by banana trees, guava trees, cacao trees, papaya trees, other tropical trees, the fruit from which provides an additional income crop for farmers. Higuerilla, the seeds of which yield a fine oil, is another cash crop. Coffee in the San Juan area is still grown and processed in traditional ways, at some times of the year, coffee is spread out to dry on sunny days in a small plaza located northeast of the central plaza.
Daytime temperatures, year-round range in the 70s and 80s, dropping into the 60s at night. A lovely, light fog drifts through the air in early morning. Heavy rainstorms are common, but of short duration; the town is busy by day, the central plaza, dominated by a twin-towered Catholic church on the west side, provides a gathering place for the local population in the evenings, when street-vendors sell delicious arepas and chorizos, cafés with outdoor seating serve soft drinks and beer. The Rapicono is a popular spot for an ice cream desert or a traditional, Colombian fruit cocktail called salpicón. San Juan and the surrounding area have an amazing variety of beautiful birds of all colors: blues, yellows, greens and blacks. Lots of friendly dogs socialize all over town during the day and make their way home in the early evening to be with their human families. Local roosters coax their hens to their roosts at 6:00 pm every day and wake the town in the early morning with their quiquiriquís to start another day in the coffee land.
The families of some prominent politicians and farmers of Colombia have come from San Juan de Ricoseco. One of them is the maternal family of former President Julio César Turbay Ayala. Another is the family of Lucila López Poveda de García, the first woman elected to the Asamblea of the Department of Tolima, her uncle Roberto Poveda Ramírez, a coffee farmer legendary in the region who had a large plantation at La Muchagua, about four miles by car west of San Juan. From San Juan were the family of Doctor Eduardo Millan Millan, Ingeniero Alfonso Santos Montero, Álvaro Cruz Vargas
San Juan Juquila Mixes
San Juan Juquila Mixes is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. It is part of the Yautepec District in the east of the Sierra Sur Region; the name "Juquila" means "beautiful vegetables". The municipality covers an area of 227.1 km² at an altitude of 1,420 meters above sea level. The terrain is rugged, with a cool climate. Native trees include pine and cedar. Mango, sapodilla, soursop, guava, oranges and other fruit trees are grown. Wildlife includes deer, cat, wild boar, mountain lion, coyote and leopard; the municipality is in a region traditionally inhabited by the Mixe people. In the 17th century the Spanish decided to make San Juan Juquila a population center, since it was near to transportation routes, moved people from other communities to the town; the original population of 300 had grown by 1661 AD to 1,741, but the attempt had limited success due to resistance from the indigenous community. As of 2005, the municipality had 873 households with a total population of 3,557 of whom 3,094 spoke an indigenous language.
The main economic activity is agriculture, growing maize and coffee to a lesser extent for local consumption. Some people keep cattle. Hunting and fishing is practiced for local consumption; the Union of Indigenous Communities of the Isthmus Region, a cooperative founded in 1982, assists in production and distribution of the local products under a fair trade label