San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park is a national park of Mexico located on San Lorenzo Island part of an archipelago in the Gulf of California off the eastern coast of Baja California. The San Lorenzo Archipelago is considered one of the most important ecological areas of the Gulf of California; the Island and surrounding areas are part of a rich ecosystem comprised by a grand variety of flora and marine fauna. This area is protected by the Mexican federal government Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-059-SEMARNAT-2001 because of its importance as a habitat for several endangered species; the Archipelago is part of the municipality of Baja California. The island is located southeast of the city separated by the Salsipuedes Channel. San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park was created as a marine national park to protect the fragile and important ecosystem of the San Lorenzo Archipelago by national decree on April 25, 2005; the rich marine biodiversity with a significant number of threatened and endangered species has made it imperative that the Mexican federal government protect this area.
This area is important as a commercial and recreation area. The park is comprised by the Archipelago islands of San Lorenzo, Las Animas, Salsipuedes and Partida with the surrounding maritime border of the islands with a total area of 50,442 hectares; the Archipelago islands are surrounded by deep, cold water rich in nutrients in the center part of the Gulf of California known as the Sea of Cortez. Most of the park is comprised by maritime area; the small terrestrial portion consists of rugged islands with irregular coastline eroded with many sea cliffs. The Archipelago islands exhibit dramatic topological changes where elevation goes from sea level to 485m above sea level; the highest elevations are found on San Lorenzo Island towards the southern end. Climate considered dry desert with an estimated annual rainfall of 2.54 in and an average annual temperature of 75°F. High levels of solar radiation and constant prevailing winds result in high evaporation rates; the San Lorenzo Archipelago Islands experience hot summers where temperatures during the hottest months of the year reach between 95°F to 104°F.
Winters are warm with an average low temperatures reaching 52°F during the coldest months of the year. Winds affect the islands' weather. Winds prevail from the northwest in the winter which brings nutrient rich waters from the Pacific Ocean into the Gulf of California, but during the summer the winds prevail from the south having the opposite effect on the currents. San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park has unique habitats; these ecosystems support a great nutritional pyramid important to marine animals and surrounding human settlements. The rich waters of the Gulf of California is home to over 800 species of fish and 2,000 species of invertebrates; the islands may seem barren due to the lack of fresh water and arid conditions allowing only a few desert shrubs and cactus. The marine flora consists of several varieties of algae; the algae serves as an ideal habitat for small marine species. The fauna consist of the following list of endangered species: blue whale, humpback whale, killer whale, sperm whale, green turtle, hawksbill turtle, olive ridley turtle, totoaba.
The ecosystem of the San Lorenzo Archipelago consists of many varieties of commercially important fish. Swordfish, hake fish, risso dolphin are common in the waters surrounding the islands. Rasa Island is an important nesting site for Heermann's gull, elegant tern, American oystercatcher, Craveri's murrelet, brown pelican. Heermann's gull and elegant tern are estimated to reach 260 thousand and 200 thousand which accounts for about 95% of the total world population of that species. Salsipuedes Island, Las Animas Island, San Lorenzo Island are important reproductive habitat for the brown pelican in the Gulf of California. An average sum of nesting pairs of brown pelicans on the three islands is estimated between 6,000-18,000; the islands sustain a great number of bird species consisting of native species and migratory species that are attracted to the rich marine ecosystem. Some of the most observed species of birds include: Cooper's hawk, golden eagle, peregrine falcon, magnificent frigatebird, brown pelican, Nazca booby.
Información sobre el decreto de la zona como parque nacional de México Artículo sobre el decreto e importancia del parque nacional
The 2008 Summer Olympics opening ceremony was held at the Beijing National Stadium known as the Bird's Nest. It began at 20:00 China Standard Time on Friday, 8 August 2008, as the number 8 is considered to be auspicious; the number 8 is associated with confidence in Chinese culture. The artistic part of the ceremony comprised two parts titled "Brilliant Civilization" and "Glorious Era" respectively; the first part highlighted the Chinese civilization and the second part exhibited modern China and its dream of harmony between the people of the world. The stadium was full to its 91,000 capacity according to organizers; the ceremony was directed by Chinese filmmaker Zhang Yimou, the chief director and was assisted by Chinese choreographers Zhang Jigang and Chen Weiya. The director of music for the ceremony was composer Chen Qigang, it was noted for its focus on ancient Chinese culture, for its creativity, as well as being the first to use weather modification technology to prevent rainfall. The final ascent to the torch featured Olympic gymnast Li Ning, who appeared to run through air around the membrane of the stadium.
Featuring 15,000 performers, the ceremony lasted over four hours and was reported to have cost over US$100 million to produce. The opening ceremony was lauded by spectators and numerous international presses as spectacular and spellbinding, by many accounts "the greatest in the history of Olympics", it drew rave reviews from media around the world, was praised for its magnitude and ingenuity, attracting a huge worldwide TV audience. The opening ceremony can be considered an important branding initiative for China. In addition to the athletes and members of the IOC, heads of state, heads of government and sovereigns from more than 100 countries attended the opening ceremony; the number of heads of state who attended the opening ceremony was by far the largest in Olympic history.. It was the largest gathering of world leaders for a sporting event in world history. Welcoming ceremony began by a flame and an ancient Chinese sundial, awakened by the light of time from the sky, lights up 2008 bronze Fou drums.
The drums, running like a time machine, form giant digits to count down the seconds to the Games. The digits is formed in ten-second intervals starting from sixty before switching over to the final ten seconds. At the end, a huge fireworks display is set off from the top of the stadium; the 2,008 drummers play the bronze Fou drums and sing the quote from The Analects of Confucius written 2000 years ago: "Isn’t it delightful to have friends coming from afar?” to welcome friends from all over the world. The firework footprints were set off at the rate of one every second; the 29th footprint transformed into Star Olympic Rings. Next, the rings were lift up by twenty "Dunhuang fairies". Attention was turned to 56 young children representing the 56 ethnic groups of modern China, donning respective costumes, they marched in the flag of the People's Republic of China as a young girl in red, 9-year-old Lin Miaoke, was seen performing "Ode to the Motherland", while miming to the voice of Yang Peiyi. Only one-third of "Ode to the Motherland" was sung.
The flag of the People's Republic of China was handed over to eight well-dressed People's Liberation Army from Beijing Garrison Honor Guard Battalion soldiers who carried the flag in a slow, goose-stepping march over to the flag podium and the Chinese national anthem "March of the Volunteers" was sung by a 224-member choir while the flag was raised with red and yellow fireworks going off at the end. The Artistic section tells about China's art. Includes the historic scroll painting And the bamboo books and bird At the prelude to the section, Beautiful Olympics, a short film, was screened depicting the making of paper, another of the Four Great Inventions, ending with a rolled-up scroll painting to set the stage for the next segment. Ceramics, porcelain vessels and other Chinese fine arts artifacts were beamed on a giant LED scroll, representing the first of the Four Great Inventions of China and displaying animated graphics unfurling. At its center was a piece of white canvas paper, which ushered in a performance of black-costumed dancers whose hands hid brushes, dipped in ink.
They performed a dance while leaving their trails on the block of white paper, reminiscent of Chinese ink and wash painting. This was accompanied by the sounds of the guqin, China's ancient seven-string zither, as played by Chen Leiji; the LED scroll showed an old, rare painting by Wang Ximeng. The giant scroll was moved aside to show a fluid array 897 movable type blocks that formed three variations of the character 和, representing the third great Chinese invention: the movable type press; the character was shown, consecutively, in Seal script and KaisScript. Performers in Zhou-era clothing representing the "3000 Disciples of Confucius", carrying bamboo slips, recited excerpts from the Analects: "Isn't it great to have friends coming from afar?" and "All men are brothers within the Four Seas". The blocks changed into a small version of the Great Wall, which sprouted peach blossoms, the Chinese symbol for openness. At the end of the sequence the tops of the movable type blocks came off to reveal 897 performers, who waved vigorously to the crowds, indicating that the individual pieces of type block were not computer cont
"Ricochet" is a popular song. The credits show it to be written by Larry Coleman, Joe Darion, Norman Gimbel, without apportioning the work on the lyrics and music, in 1953. In fact, since Coleman and Darion wrote "Changing Partners" the same year, with Darion as lyricist and Coleman as composer, while Gimbel wrote the English lyric for "Sway" the same year, it can be concluded that Coleman wrote the music and Darion and Gimbel the lyrics, it was included in Ricochet Romance. The best-known version was recorded by Teresa Brewer on July 10, 1953 and released by Coral Records as catalog number 61043, peaking at #2 on the Billboard charts in 1953; the flip side was Too Young to Tango. Ricochet is one of the songs Teresa Brewer rerecorded in 1962 for her Philips label Greatest Hits album, with a new Nashville arrangement. In the United Kingdom, the most popular version was by Joan Regan, other versions were done by Alma Cogan and Billie Anthony; the recording by Joan Regan With The Squadronaires was released by UK Decca Records as catalog number F 10193, in Australia as catalogue number Y6543.
It reached #8 on the UK song charts. The recording by Alma Cogan with Ken Mackintosh and his orchestra was made in London on November 27, 1953, it was released in 1954 by EMI on the His Master's Voice label as catalog numbers B 10615 and 7M 173. The flip side was "The Moon is Blue". A comical version of the song is sung on the Season 4 episode of I Love Lucy by "Teensy" and "Weensy," portrayed by the "Borden Twins". Listing of versionsDie 3 Jacksons Philips Germany 1958 Betsy Gay Tops USA Enoch Light And His Orchestra Waldorf USA Joan Regan with The Squadronaires Decca UK 1955 Snooky Lanson With Sy Oliver And Orchestra Bell Record USA 1954 Vicki Young Capitol USA 1953 Vincent Lopez And His Hotel Taft Orchestra Prom USA Alma Cogan His Master's Voice UK 1954 Björk Guðmundsdóttir & Tríó Guðmundar Ingólfssonar 1990 Ricochet, 1975 Song lyric