Phaguwala is a village located 19 kilometers east of the city of Sangrur and 40 kilometers from Patiala on NH-64 in the district of Sangrur in state of Punjab. Phaguwala is surrounded by most fertile land of Indo-Gangetic Plains; this is a village of great freedom fighter and M. L. A Jathedar Jangir Singh Phaguwalia. People of different castes and religions live with brotherhood and peace which includes Jatt Sikh families, Sikh Ravidasias, Sikh Valmikies, Muslims etc. Main surnames are: Ghumans, Dhaliwals, Behlas etc; the famous Gurudwara Patshahi Naumi is situated here on Sunam road towards south of village. The village has a branch of Sind Bank. ATM facility of PNB and P&S Bank are availabl e According to local tradition Phaguwala had not been founded when the Sikh guru Tegh Bahadur Ji passed through this area whilst on his journey from Bhawanigarh to Sunam. According to this tradition the guru met a brahmin peasant ploughing his fields near Bhawanigarh. To honor the Guru's visit, the Brahmin is said to have constructed a platform and began worshiping it as a sacred site.
The site is one kilometer north of the present village. After sometime the construction of the original platform, a room was constructed and a fair was held to celebrate Basant Panchmi - the fifth day of the light half of the Hindu lunar month of Magh, the first day of spring; this shrine was developed into a proper gurdwara and was called Gurudwara Sahib Patshahi Naumi "The gurdwara of the ninth master" during the time of Maharaja Narinder Singh of Patiala, said to have presented a copy of the Guru Granth Sahib for installation here. The present buildings comprising a semi-octagonal sanctum with a domed room above it and a square hall in front, other ancillaries, were constructed during the 1960s. A 100 feet square sarovar has been added since; the gurdwara owns 14 acres of land. It is managed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee under Section 87 of the Gurdwaras Act; the main congregation is held on the fifth day of the light half of each lunar month. Attended religious fairs are held on this day falling in the lunar months of Jeth and Magh to coincide with the martyrdom anniversary of Guru Arjan Dev Ji and Basant Panchmi respectively.
All Panchmies are celebrated at Gurudwara sahib. Gram Panchayat of Phaguwala is local body responsible for governing and managing the village, it includes Sarpanch and members.. Now Phaguwala is divided into 9 wards and each member is elected from each ward. Phaguwala comes under Vidhan Sabha constituency seat of Sangrur. Project Green works to beautify green spaces; the Project of construction two village parks is under progress. Trees were planted at common places under this project. Government Senior Secondary School Satya Bharti School
To cities, towns, charter townships and boroughs. The term can be used to describe municipally owned corporations. Municipal incorporation occurs when such municipalities become self-governing entities under the laws of the state or province in which they are located; this event is marked by the award or declaration of a municipal charter. A city charter or town charter or municipal charter is a legal document establishing a municipality, such as a city or town. In Canada, charters are granted by provincial authorities; the Corporation of Chennai is the oldest Municipal Corporation in the world after UK. The title "corporation" was used in boroughs from soon after the Norman conquest until the Local Government Act 2001. Under the 2001 act, county boroughs were renamed "cities" and their corporations became "city councils". After the Partition of Ireland, the corporations in the Irish Free State were Dublin, Cork and Waterford and Drogheda, Sligo and Wexford. Dún Laoghaire gained borough status in 1930 as “The Corporation of Dun Laoghaire".
Galway's borough status, lost in 1840, was restored in 1937. The New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 allowed municipal corporations to be established within the new Provinces of New Zealand; the term fell out of favour following the abolition of the Provinces in 1876. In the United States, such municipal corporations are established by charters that are granted either directly by a state legislature by means of local legislation, or indirectly under a general municipal corporation law after the proposed charter has passed a referendum vote of the affected population. Under the enterprise meaning of the term, municipal corporations are "organisations with independent corporate status, managed by an executive board appointed by local government officials, with majority public ownership"; some MOCs rely on revenue from user fees, distinguishing them from agencies and special districts funded through taxation, although this is not always the case. Municipal corporation follows a process of externalization that requires new skills and orientations from the respective local governments, follow common changes in the institutional landscape of public services.
They are argued to be more efficient than bureaucracy but have higher failure rates because of their legal and managerial autonomy. Unincorporated area German town law Municipal incorporationA Brief Summary of Municipal Incorporation Procedures by State - University of Georgia Characteristics and State Requirements for Incorporated Places - United States CensusMunicipal disincorporation / dissolutionDissolving Cities - University of California, Berkeley Municipal Disincorporation in California - California City Finance
Falaund Kalan is a village in Sangrur in Punjab, India. The village name came from the foundries. A large mound near the Chupka village in the administrative land of Falaund Khurd offers evidence of that; the area was once called Banger. Ahmed Shah Abdali fought a historical war with Sikhs at nearby Rohira in which more than twenty-thousand men were killed and a large number were injured; this battle was significant in the history of Malerkotla Rayiast. During the Partition of India in 1947, those men who had crossed the boundary into Falaund Kalan were not harmed; the Nawab of Malerkotla, Sher Khan opposed the killing of the younger sons of the 10th master Sri Guru Gobind Singh at Sirhind. This is known as Ha Da Nahra. In lieu of this, Malerkotla was not displaced. Many people and animals entered the city for protection during Partition. In 2015, Mr. Bal Anand, IFS, from Falaund Kalan, instituted a prize consisting of Rs 11,000 and a citation for a renowned author in the memory of his grandfather Baba Paramatma Nand, an Ayurveda wizard who had written the life history of Baba Gajjan Shah.
Falound Kalan is located on the Ludhiana-Malerkotla Road four kilometers away from Rohira. In 1884 Samat started the Lohri festival celebration, where the Sadhus used to assemble in large numbers; the scholars of Sanskrit who had contributed to Ayurvedic medicine were honored by Baba Ji. This tradition was made compulsory by Baba Ji followers known as Mahant; the rural sports organized by Young Farmers Club was started in 1951 by Master Ram Swarup. The events of kabbadi, volleyball and tug-of-war are included. Local artists sing historical songs. A majority of the villagers served in the Indian Army; the village's population is educated and produced administrators such as Shri Bachitter Singh I. R. S. Shri Jagtar Singh P. C. S. and various educators and men ranging from Indian Foreign Services to the Indian Postal department. Some younger inhabitants emigrated to the United States, Australia, New Zealand and the Gulf nations. Many return to their native village for the Lohri festival where they pay homage to the forefathers and fulfill the vow, "The person who visits Falound for three days together on Lohri will go to Heaven."
This legacy was ordained by Guru Gajjan Shah
Malerkotla is a city and a municipal council in Sangrur district in the Indian state of Punjab. It was the seat of the eponymous princely state during the British Raj; the state acceded unto the union of India in 1947 and was merged with other nearby princely states to create the Patiala and East Punjab States' Union. When that political entity was reorganised in 1956, the territories of the erstwhile state of Malerkotla became part of Punjab, it is located on the Sangrur-Ludhiana State Highway and lies on the secondary Ludhiana-Delhi railway line. It is 35 kilometres from Sangrur in Sangrur district. Malerkotla, a Muslim majority state was established in 1454 A. D. by Sheikh Sadruddin-i-Jahan from Afghanistan, was ruled by his Sherwani descendents. The State of Malerkotla was established in 1600 A. D, it is noteworthy that during the 1947 riots when Punjab was in flames, the State of Malerkotla did not witness a single incident of violence. The roots of communal harmony date back to 1705, when Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, 9 and 5 year old sons of 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, were ordered to be bricked alive by the governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, his close relative, Sher Mohammed Khan, Nawab of Malerkotla, present in the court, lodged vehement protest against this inhuman act and said it is against the tenets of Quran and Islam.
Wazir Khan had the Sahibzadas tortured and bricked into a section of wall while still alive. At this the Nawab of Malerkotla walked out of the court in protest. Guru Gobind Singh on learning this kind and humanitarian approach had blessed the Nawab of Malerkotla with his Hukamnama, Kirpan etc. In recognition of this act, the State of Malerkotla did not witness a single incident of violence during partition. During the partition of India, there were no bloodshed in any part of Maler Kotla State; the last Nawab Iftkhar Ali Khan maintained harmony during the turbulent period. He remained in India & died in the year 1982, his tomb is located in Shahi grave yard situated at Maler Kotla. However a part of the Ruling Family of Sheikh Sadr-ud-Din Sherwani migrated to Pakistan and living in Model Town, Muzzafargarh, Khangarh. Though many contribute this peace to the presence of the shrine of'Baba Haidar Sheikh', the Sufi saint, who founded the town of Malerkotla more than 500 years ago. Malerkotla is famous for its vegetables and badge-making industry as well, besides its poets and monuments.
As per provisional data of 2011 census Malerkotla urban agglomeration had a population of 135,330, out of which males were 71,401 and females were 63,923. The literacy rate was 70.25 per cent. Urdu is taught alongside Punjabi in Malerkotla schools due to the local Muslim majority; the Nawab Sher Mohammad Khan Institute of Advanced Studies in Urdu and Arabic is part of Punjabi University, is named after one of the founders of Malerkotla State. It provides facilities for higher research in the languages and literature of Urdu and Persian up to PhD level and additionally runs classes for M. A. Certificate courses, MSc 2 years, MSc Lateral entry, PGDCA and CCA. Malerkotla is situated on Delhi-Jakhal-Dhuri-Ludhiana Railway line; the nearest railway junctions are Dhuri 18 Ludhiana 45 Kilometers. The nearest airports to Malerkotla are: Chandigarh International Airport, Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, Mohali Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, Amritsar Anas Rashid Irshad Kamil Mohammad Nazim Razia Sultana Saeed Jaffrey Kinship and the Political Order: The Afghan Sherwani Chiefs of Malerkotla, Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 28, No.
Bhawanigarh earlier known as Dhode is a town and a municipal council in Sangrur district in the state of Punjab, India. It is the headquarter of Bhawanigarh tehsil, formed in December 2016; the town is called Dhode, after the clan of its original founders. The town lies 19 kilometres east of Sangrur on the Patiala-Sangrur road whereas Patiala is 39 kilometres east of Bhawanigarh; the literacy rate is higher than other places of Sangrur. Bhawanigarh is divided into 13 wards; as of 2011 India census, Bhawanigarh has population of 22,320 out of which 11,780 are males whereas females are 10,540. Population of children is 2422, 10.85% of total. Female Sex Ratio of Bhawanigarh is 895 whereas child sex ratio is 862. Literacy rate of Bhawanigarh is 77.56%, higher than state average. In Bhawanigarh, Male literacy is around 82.60 % while female literacy rate is 71.95 %. The name Bhawanigarh originates from "Bhawani" mata. There is a temple of Bhawani mata in Bhawanigarh. Earlier, the name of town was Dhode and in British Raj it was known as Karamgarh.
Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed here during one of his journeys through the Malwa country. The original memorial on the spot where the guru had stayed was in time developed into a gurdwara called Gurudwara Sahib Patshahi Nauvi. Gurudwara Patshahi Nauvi Sabhib is situated in the Bhawanigarh Town in Distt Sangrur. Guru Tegh Bahadur accepting the invitation of King of Assam, started journey from Shri Anandpur Sahib along with the 300 sangat and carrying necessary commodities for 3 years journey visited this place and stayed here for 2 days. On his two days stay Guru Sahib used perform kirtan darbar here. From here they resumed the journey via Phaguwal and Ghanour. With Guru Sahib's blessings peoples wishes are fulfilled here; the present gurudwara, consisting of a rectangular hall in front of a semi-octagonal sanctum with verandahs on three sides, was constructed in 1916CE. A small sarovar was added in the 1980s; the gurdwara owns 140 acres of agricultural land and is now managed directly by the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee.
The gurudwara's budget for 1990-91 shows rental income from land alone as Rs. 210,000. Bhawanigarh Fort was built by Maharaja Aala Singh of Patiala in 1749 for their defense. In 1781, Sahib Singh became king of Patiala at age of seven. In 1794, Marathas attacked Punjab and fought against Rani Sahib Kaur’s force and Marathas lost the war, but because of some traitors Rani Sahib Kaur was imprisoned in Bhawanigarh Fort by Maharaja Sahib Singh. Rani escaped from the fort and lived in Ubhawal and died there in 1799. Bhawanigarh is settled slong the NH 7; the town is well linked to Patiala, Rajpura, Chandigarh and Bathinda through the road. The town is connected to Nabha through state highway SH 12A while is connected to Samana; the town consists of two bus stands known as “Old Bus Stand” and “New Bus Stand”. Though the town lies on national highway has good bus service and the most of buses including public and private have two bus stops in the town; the “New Bus Stand” is still under construction and is expected to complete by 2019.
Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Stadium situated near the police station. It is of 5 acres in area; the stadium was built under the construction budget of est. ₹2.5 crore
Haryau is a village, situated in the Sangrur District of Punjab, India. This Village established in 1650 by Multania Sangu. Mughal empire Shahjahan gave 78,000 Vigha land to Multania Sangu, where Multania Sangu establish this Village; this village is known by Haryau-Sangva. It has one government school,three private schools,one government hospital,one co-operative agriculture society and Bank,one HDFC bank,two main gurudwara's,one mosque and one suvidha kendra
Sunam is a city and a municipality in Sangrur district in the Indian state of Punjab. Sunam means the name with a good reputation. According to old people of sunam, sunam derived its name from tsunami which means structure like hump of camel; this city is the birthplace of Shaheed Udham Singh. Sunam is located at 30.13°N 75.8°E / 30.13. It has an average elevation of 231 metres The Mubarak Shahi gives us some idea of Firuz Shah’s canal digging activity during this period; the river Sarsati falls into the Sutlej. An earthen hillock near a place called Barwar, Firuz was informed, separated the River Saraswati from the Salima canal. If this hillock was dug up, the water of the Saraswati would flow into the canal which could be taken to Sahrind or Sirhind and further on to Sunam. Firuz began digging up the hillock. There are number of Gurudwaras in Sunam; the most well known is the Gurdwara of the first Guruji Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi well known as Wadda Gurudwara. Gurudwara Sri Patshahi Pehli - Sunam Sunam, an ancient town in Sangrur district of the Punjab, was visited by Guru Nanak during his travels through the Malva region.
According to local tradition, he first stayed on the bank of the Sirhind stream, near what is now called Sita Sar. From there a devotee took him to his own house where a shrine was established, it is known as Gurdwara Pahili Patshahi. The building constructed in 1919 was renovated in 1966, it consists with a gallery at one end and a verandah in front. The sanctum in the centre of the hall is richly painted in multicoloured floral and geometrical designs. Three volumes of the Guru Granth Sahib are seated in it behind pipalleaf archways. There is a domed tower in front of the verandah. Rooms for the granthiand Guru ka Langar are across a narrow brickpaved courtyard; the Gurdwara is managed by a committee representing the sangat of the locality. Sri Guru Nanak Dev ji Sahib Ji visited this place on call of one old Mata ji. Kar Sewa of Gurdwara Sahib was started in year 1987 by Baba Jagtar Singh ji Kar Sewa Tarn Taran wale and was completed in year 1994 with cooperation of Jathedars and sangat Before Partition of Punjab Sunam's population was predominantly Muslim, legend has it that if there would have been 1 more peer it would have been the first'Peergah' in the region with 100 peers but that did not happen as 1 peer lies just outside the boundary of the city and now Muslim Community constitutes about 15 families in Sunam.
Peer Banna Banoi is an Islamic shrine in Sunam. People of all faiths pay homage as Peer Banna Banoi was a God fearing and a true Muslim who sacrificed his life on the day of his marriage to save the Hindu & Sikh girls from being kidnapped by the armed goons; this is one of three oldest public high schools of Sunam. Hindu Sabha High School Sunam was started on 19 February 1948; the school celebrated its silver jubilee in 1973 and Education minister Umrao Singh inaugurated school's biggest assembly hall. This school is a semi-government school; the school was upgraded to Senior Secondary school. Hindu Sabha College for Women was started for Arts and other subjects; the College offers Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Computer Applications, Master of Arts in History, Master of Science in Information Technology, Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications, Post Graduate Diploma in Dress Designing and Diploma in Hardware and Software Networking courses. This college was established for girl students so that they can study.
This college offers Bachelor of Master of Arts in all subjects to girl students. Sunam has wholesale cloth market and a Sarafa Bazar in Town Side area of Sunam. Naya bazar and peeran wal