Helga Moddansdóttir was the mistress of Haakon Paulsson, Earl of Orkney from 1105–1123. The Orkneyinga saga states that she was the daughter of Moddan - described as a rich and well-born farmer - and that she and the earl had three children, she was a member of a powerful dynasty in northern Scotland, sometimes referred to as "Clan Moddan" by modern historians, whose power base was "Dale" near the modern-day Helmsdale in Sutherland. Although little is known about her own activities save a fabulous story about a poisoned shirt that killed her son Harald it is clear that she, her sister Frakkök and her children had a significant impact on the politics of early 12th century Orkney and Sutherland. After the death of earl Magnus Erlendsson c. 1115 at the hands of his cousin Haakon Paulsson, the family of Moddan of Dale played a significant part in the affairs of the Earldom of Orkney. However, their origins are obscure. For a date in the mid-11th century the Orkneyinga saga mentions that "Muddan", a nephew of a King of Scots the saga calls Karl Hundason, became jarl of Caithness.
He had not held this position long when he was killed by Thorkel "the Fosterer" Sumarlidason, an ally of Earl of Orkney Thorfinn Sigurdsson. Thorkel was able to approach Muddan's base in Thurso because "all the people of Caithness were faithful and loyal to him", it is far from certain that Helga's father Moddan was a descendant of this earlier namesake, there is no suggestion that Moddan was a jarl, but his son Ótarr was. Furthermore, Ótarr had his base at Thurso. Whatever their origins, in addition to the titled Ótarr, Helga's siblings were, Angus "the Generous" and her sisters Frakkök and Þorleif; these children had both Norse and Gaelic names, whereas Orcadian families tended to have Norse names. It is thus that Helga's ancestors were of mixed heritage with her father being of Celtic origin and her mother having a Norse background and related to the jarl Óttar, killed in 1098 fighting in Man; the saga describes Helga as the mistress or concubine of Earl Haakon, but has nothing to say about the mother of Haakon's other named child, Páll.
Sellar suggests that a degree of polygamy appears to have been acceptable among high-status families in Norse Scotland and that the distinction between wives and concubines may not have been rigid. Helga and Harald's children had diverse fortunes. Harald "Smooth-tongue" became earl on the death of his father and ruled jointly with his half-brother Páll "the Silent" until his death in 1130, his demise came about because of a plot involving Helga and her sister Frakkök. Ingibjörg married Olaf Morsel, King of the Isles, their daughter Ragnhild married Somerled and from them descended the 13th-century Lords of Argyll, Clan MacDougall, the Lords of the Isles, Clan Donald, Clan MacRory, Clan MacAlister. Their third child Margaret married Matad, Earl of Atholl, whose son Harald Maddadsson was earl of Orkney from 1138 until 1206 and whom the Orkneyinga Saga describes one of the three most powerful Earls of Orkney along with Sigurd Eysteinsson and Thorfinn Sigurdsson. After the death of Earl Haakon c. 1123 Harald and Páll inherited their father's title "and the farmers had grave doubts about how the brothers... would get on together."When Frakkök's husband Ljot "the Renegade" died she journeyed from her home in Sutherland to Orkney in the company of Sigurd "Fake-Deacon" and other members of her clan.
Frakkök and Helga "had a lot to say in the government of Earl Harald" and soon two factions emerged, each supporting one of the joint earls. These political troubles involved Thorkel Fosterer, a close ally of Earl Magnus and who had suffered under the rule of Earl Haakon. Earl Harald and Sigurd Fake-Deacon attacked and killed the by now elderly Thorkel, which infuriated Earl Páll and led to a political crisis. Fearing war, the Orcadian farmers clamoured for a settlement and Sigurd was banished from the islands and Harald had to pay compensation for the death of Thorkel; as was the case with Icelandic language writing of this period, the aims of the Orkneyinga saga were to provide a sense of social continuity through the telling of history combined with an entertaining narrative drive. The tales are thought to have been compiled from a number of sources, combining family pedigrees, praise poetry and oral legends with historical facts. However, there are examples of fictional elements such as the effects of the poisoned shirt that killed jarl Harald Haakonsson.
The saga relates how at Christmas Frakökk and Helga were staying on Earl Harald's estate at Orphir prior to a Yule feast to which Harald had invited his half-brother Páll. The sisters were sewing a snow-white garment embroidered with gold; this garment was enchanted, the two sisters had intended it for Earl Páll. For the sisters, Earl Harald noticed the beautiful garment and, despite their protestations, put the garment on, his body gave a great shiver, followed by a burning pain and soon after he died. The saga states that Earl Páll took control of his deceased half-brother's possessions, that he was suspicious of the two sisters thereafter. After the death of Harald and Frakkök were banished from Orkney and returned to Dale, where Frakkök was killed by Sweyn Asleifsson after an ill-judged attack against Earl Páll using troops she and her grandson Olvir "Brawl" had gathered in the Hebrides. After the "sinister" Frakkök's death her holdings in Sutherland were inherited by Eirik Stay-Brails, grandson of Þorleif Moddansdottir.
The saga is silent regarding Helga's fate although it does relate that in the complex battle fo
Fetlar is one of the North Isles of Shetland, with a resident population of 61 at the time of the 2011 census. Its main settlement is Houbie on the south coast, home to the Fetlar Interpretive Centre. Fetlar has an area of just over 4,000 hectares. One of the strange features of Fetlar is a huge wall that goes across the island known as the Funzie Girt or Finnigirt Dyke, it is thought to date from the Mesolithic period. So sharp was the division between the two halves of the island that the Norse talked of East and West Isle separately. Another attraction on the island is the Gothic Brough Lodge, built by Arthur Nicolson in about 1820, and, undergoing restoration by the Brough Lodge Trust; the Fetlar sheepdog trials take place annually in July. The Fetlar Foy, once popular with Shetlanders and tourists alike, took place at midsummer on the Links at Tresta where folk were entertained with music and drink, its most famous son was Sir William Watson Cheyne Bt FRS FRCS, a close associate of Lord Lister and one of the pioneers of antiseptics.
He was professor of surgery at King's College London, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and wrote many books on medical treatments. He was made a baronet for services to medicine in 1908, was an MP—first for the Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrews, for the Combined Scottish Universities—between 1917 and 1922, he was Lord Lieutenant of the Shetland Islands from 1919 to 1930. Cheyne died on Fetlar on 19 April 1932. Fetlar was home to the Society of Our Lady of the Isles, an Anglican religious order for women, until it moved to Unst in 2015; the island has a long tradition of fishing. According to Guinness World Records, in August 2012 what was the oldest message in a bottle, released in June 1914, was found by Andrew Leaper, skipper of the Copious, coincidentally the same fishing vessel involved in a previous record recovery in 2006; the bottle, Mr Leaper's World Record certificate, have been donated to the Fetlar Interpretative Centre. Fetlar has an international selection of shipwrecks including Danish, German and Soviet vessels.
Fetlar has a complex geology, including gneiss in the west, metamorphosed gabbro and phyllite, kaolin. There is antigorite and steatite here. Talc was mined here; the east of the island is part of the Shetland ophiolite complex. Fetlar is surrounded by a number of small islands in the sound between it and Unst; these include to the north: Haaf Gruney, Sound Gruney, Urie Lingey and Uyea. It is separated from Yell by Colgrave Sound. Much further to the south are Whalsay. There are three island names in Shetland of unknown and pre-Celtic origin: Fetlar and Yell; the earliest recorded forms of these three names do carry Norse meanings: Fetlar is the plural of fetill and means "shoulder-straps", Omstr is "corn-stack", í Ála is from ál meaning "deep furrow". However, these descriptions are hardly obvious ones as island names, are adaptations of a pre-Norse language; this may have been Pictish but there is no clear evidence for this. Haswell-Smith suggests a meaning of "prosperous land" and that the island's name may mean "two islands strapped together" by the Funzie Girt.
It was recorded as "Fötilør" in 1490, as "Pheodor Oy" in 1654. Fetlar's wildlife is as varied as its geology. For example, over two hundred species of wild flower have been identified here; the northern part of Fetlar is a RSPB reserve, home to several important breeding species including Arctic skuas and whimbrels. The Lamb Hoga peninsula and nearby Haaf Gruney have some of the largest colonies of storm petrel. Of greatest importance though are red-necked phalaropes, for which the Loch of Funzie is the most important breeding site in the United Kingdom, for a while during the 1990s was the only breeding site in the country. A pair of snowy owls famously bred here in the 1960s and early 1970s, they lasted until the 1980s but are no longer present. However, a snowy owl was spotted on Fetlar in October 2018; the island is known as "The Garden of Shetland", due to its fertile soil. Ferries sail daily from Hamars Ness on Fetlar to Gutcher on Yell, to Belmont on Unst. A new breakwater and berthing facility was added at Hamars Ness, was opened on 1 December 2012.
There is a communications tower on Fetlar at: 60°36'5.39"N, 0°55'35.44"W. Fetlar is "Under Evaluation" for superfast broadband according to Digital Scotland. Fetlar Developments Ltd, a company limited by guarantee and a registered charity, was set up by the community to counter the depopulation of the island, which had fallen to just 48 in early 2009, when the 2001 total had been 86; the development company continue to work towards securing a sustainable future for the island both and economically. Work to install three wind turbines in a Community wind energy project began in December 2015. There are 3 primary pupils and 1 nursery pupil at Fetlar primary school, situated at Baela near Houbie. Anderson, Joseph The Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. Edmonston and Douglas; the Internet Archive. Retrieved 26 August 2013. Haswell-Smith, Hamish; the Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. Gammeltoft, Peder "Shetland and Orkney Island-Names – A Dynamic Group".
Northern Lights, Northern Words. Selected Papers from the FRLSU Conference, Kirkwall 2009, edited by Robert McColl Millar. Fetlar community web
Tingwall, is a parish in Shetland, Scotland. Located on the Shetland Mainland, the centre lies about 2 miles north of Scalloway. Tingwall Airport is here. Tingwall parish includes the settlements of Scalloway, Whiteness and Gott, the Vallafield housing estate; the centre of the parish was the Tingwall Kirk. It comprehends a section of Mainland, stretching from the Atlantic at Scalloway, to the North Sea at Rova Head and includes the inhabited islands of Hildasay, Langa and Oxna; the Mainland section is divided into two districts by a hill ridge, comprises two parallel valleys. The Tingwall valley extends north from near Scalloway to the south end of Lax Firth, it is diversified by the lochs of Tingwall, Asta and some others. It is so indented by the sea. Measured across marine intersections, it has a length of about nineteen miles, a maximum breadth of ten miles; the small promontory at the end of Tingwall Loch, known as Tingaholm or Law Ting Holm was once home to Shetland's earliest parliament. It was once an islet surrounded by water and accessed by a stone causeway.
In the 1850s the level of the loch was lowered, the holm took on its present form. Tingwall was the base of the Archdeaconry in Shetland; the present day church lies on the site of a much older building dedicated to St Magnus. The burial vault in the churchyard is believed to belong to this earlier building, thought to have had a round tower, similar to that of the St Magnus Kirk on Egilsay, Orkney. There are a number of ancient and historical monuments in Tingwall, including a standing stone known as the murder stone; this stone is traditionally said to be the site where the Earl of Orkney killed his cousin in a power struggle over Shetland. Local folklore suggests that a person could escape punishment at the Thing if they were able to run to the stone and claim sanctuary. Other versions of this story involve running to the nearby croft at Griesta. Tingwall was the home of brothers Laurence I. Graham and John J. Graham, two of Shetland's most influential 20th Century Writers. Tufted duck, red-breasted merganser and common and black-headed gull frequent the loch, home to Shetland's only mute swans.
The original article is based on Shetlopedia.co a GFDL wiki. Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland Published by W. & A. K. Johnstone Tudor, J. R; the Orkneys and Shetland: Their Past and Present State Published by Edward Stanford) Fojut, Noel A Guide to Prehistoric and Viking Shetland ISBN 978-0-900662-91-1 Tingwall Stone
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
Bressay is a populated island in the Shetland archipelago of Scotland. Bressay lies due south of Whalsay, west of Noss, north of Mousa. At 11 square miles, it is the fifth largest island in Shetland; the population is around 360 people, concentrated in the middle of the west coast, around Glebe and Fullaburn. The island is made up of Old Red Sandstone with some basaltic intrusions. Bressay was quarried extensively for building materials, used all over Shetland in nearby Lerwick. There are a number of sea arches; the largest of eleven lochs on the island are the Loch of Grimsetter in the east, the Loch of Brough. Bressay has a large number of migrant birds in the east; the Loch of Grimsetter is a haven for waders and whooper swans. In the far south, there is a colony of Arctic skuas; the name of the island may have been recorded in 1263 as'Breiðoy'. In a 1490 document the island is referred to as "Brwsøy" - "Brusi's island" which name may indicate it was the 11th century base for Earl of Orkney Brusi Sigurdsson.
This possibility is supported by a reference to his son Rögnvald as "Lord of the Shetlanders" and Thompson is in "no doubt " that Shetland was in Brusi's possession during his joint earldom with his brothers. The Bressay Stone is an outstanding example of Pictish art. A slab of chlorite slate, about 16 inches wide at the top, tapering to less than a foot at the bottom; the slender sides are engraved with ogham, the two faces with various examples of knotwork, imagery. The top of each face has a cross. On one side, there is an engraving of two men with crosiers, as well as various animals including horses and what appears to be someone in the process of being swallowed by two sea monsters, it has been suggested. During World War I and II gun emplacements were built to guard Bressay Sound. Attractions on the island include Bressay Lighthouse. At Maryfield there is a heritage centre, a hotel and the old laird's mansion, Gardie House, built in 1724; the Northern Lights Spa Hotel at Uphouse is Britain's most northerly spa.
Frequent car ferries sail from Maryfield to Lerwick on the Shetland Mainland. During the summer months, a passenger ferry service links the east coast of Bressay with the nature reserve island of Noss. Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church has three places of worship; the Bressay Church building is located close to the Marina, near the centre of the west coast of the island. Images of Bressay Bressay transmitting station Haswell-Smith, Hamish; the Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. Smith, Brian, "Shetland in Saga-Time: Re-reading the Orkneyinga Saga", Northern Studies, Edinburgh: Scottish Society for Northern Studies, 25: 21–41 Thomson, William P. L; the New History of Orkney, Edinburgh: Birlinn, ISBN 978-1-84158-696-0 Cullingsbrough, bressay-history-group.org. Archived on March 2, 2012. Cullingsburgh, geos.ed.ac.uk. Papil Geo, Isle of Noss, paparproject.org.uk
Gunnhild, Mother of Kings
Gunnhildr konungamóðir or Gunnhildr Gormsdóttir, whose name is Anglicised as Gunnhild is a quasi-historical figure who appears in the Icelandic Sagas, according to which she was the wife of Eric Bloodaxe. She appears prominently in sagas such as Fagrskinna, Egils saga, Njáls saga, Heimskringla; the sagas relate that Gunnhild lived during a time of great upheaval in Norway. Her father-in-law Harald Fairhair had united much of Norway under his rule. Shortly after his death and her husband were overthrown and exiled, she spent much of the rest of her life in exile in Orkney and Denmark. A number of her many children with Erik became co-rulers of Norway in the late tenth century. Many of the details of her life are disputed, including her parentage. Although she is treated in the sagas as a historical person her historicity is a matter of some debate. What details of her life are known come from Icelandic sources, which asserted that the Icelandic settlers had fled from Harald's tyranny. While the historicity of sources as the Landnámabók is disputed, the perception that Harald had exiled or driven out many of their ancestors led to an attitude among Icelanders hostile to Erik and Gunnhild.
Scholars such as Gwyn Jones therefore regard. In the sagas, Gunnhild is most depicted in a negative light, depicted as a figure known for her "power and cruelty, admired for her beauty and generosity, feared for her magic, sexual insatiability, her goading", according to Jenny Jochens, her parentage was altered from Danish royalty to a farmer in Hålogaland in northern Norway, this made her native to a land neighboring Finnmark, her tutelage in the magic arts by Finnish wizards became more plausible. This contrivance, Jones has argued, was the Icelandic saga-maker's attempt to mitigate the "defeats and explusion of his own heroic ancestors" by ascribing magical abilities to the queen. According to the 12th century Historia Norwegiæ, Gunnhild was the daughter of Gorm the Old, king of Denmark, Erik and Gunnhild met at a feast given by Gorm. Modern scholars have accepted this version as accurate. In their view, her marriage with Erik was a dynastic union between two houses, that of the Norwegian Ynglings and that of the early Danish monarchy, in the process of unifying and consolidating their respective countries.
Erik himself was the product of such a union between Harald and Ragnhild, a Danish princess from Jutland. Gunnhild being the daughter of Gorm the old would explain why she would seek shelter in Denmark after the death of her husband. Heimskringla and Egil's Saga, on the other hand, assert that Gunnhild was the daughter of Ozur Toti, a hersir from Halogaland. Accounts of her early life vary between sources. Egil's Saga relates that "Eirik fought a great battle on the Northern Dvina in Bjarmaland, was victorious as the poems about him record. On the same expedition he obtained Gunnhild, the daughter of Ozur Toti, brought her home with him."Gwyn Jones regarded many of the traditions that grew up around Gunnhild in the Icelandic sources as fictional. However, both Theodoricus monachus and the Ágrip af Nóregskonungasögum report that when Gunnhild was at the court of Harald Bluetooth after Erik's death, the Danish king offered marriage to her. Heimskringla relates that Gunnhild lived for a time in a hut with two Finnish wizards and learned magic from them.
The two wizards demanded sexual favors from her, so she induced Erik, returning from an expedition to Bjarmaland, to kill them. Erik took her to her father's house and announced his intent to marry Gunnhild; the older Fagrskinna, says that Erik met Gunnhild during an expedition to the Finnish north, where she was being "fostered and educated... with Mǫttull, king of the Finns". Gunnhild's Finnish sojourn is described by historian Marlene Ciklamini as a "fable" designed to set the stage for placing the blame for Erik's future misrule on his wife. Gunnhild and Erik are said to have had the following children: the oldest. Egil's Saga mentions a son named Rögnvald, but it is not known whether he can be identified with one of those mentioned in Heimskringla, or whether he was Gunnhild's son or Erik's by another woman. Gunnhild was reputed to be a völva, or witch. Prior to the death of Harald Fairhair, Erik's popular half-brother Halfdan Haraldsson the Black died mysteriously, Gunnhild was suspected of having "bribed a witch to give him a death-drink."
Shortly thereafter, Harald died and Erik consolidated his power over the whole country. He began to quarrel with his other brothers, egged on by Gunnhild, had four of them killed, beginning with Bjørn Farmann and Olaf and Sigrød in battle at Tønsberg; as a result of Erik's tyrannical rule he was expelled from Norway when the nobles of the country declared for his half-brother, Haakon the Good. According to the Icelandic sagas, Erik set sail with his family and his retainers to Orkney, where they settled for a number of years. During that time Erik was acknowledged as "King of Orkney" by its de facto rulers, the jarls Arnkel and Erlend Turf-Einarsson. Gunnhild went with Erik to Jorvik when, at the invitation of Bishop Wulfstan, the erstwhile Norwegian king settled as client king over northern England. At Jorvik, both Erik an
Sandness is a headland and district in the west of Shetland Mainland, Scotland. Sandness was a Civil Parish, which included the island of Papa Stour some 1600 metres northwest across Papa Sound. In 1891, it was combined with Walls to the south, to form Walls and Sandness Parish, which had an administrative function until the abolition of Civil parishes in Scotland by the Local Government Act 1929, had been a statistical regional unit since; the community council area of Sandness and Walls covers about the same area. The 1878 map of Sandness Parish shows that the parish to the east was Aithsting, before it was included into Sandsting to the south; the headland flanks the south side of Papa Sound near Papa Stour leading into St Magnus Bay and the district includes the headland and forms the mainland part of Walls parish. The land itself is fertile for Shetland and runs from Bousta to Huxter, with Norby and Melby in the middle, it has three churches, with only two still in use, with the other being owned and used as a shed.
It has no village shop. The nearest one is just south of the village in Walls; the village has 160 residents and 75 inhabited houses. The 249 metres summit of Sandness Hill lies south of the village; the village has a number of small businesses, including a bed and breakfast, a leather worker, a woolen mill, a baker, as well as Britain's most northerly vegbox scheme. Chistina Jamieson, a local writer and suffragist was born here in 1864; the original article is based on Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland Published by W. & A. K. Johnstone