The Kyōto Daishōten is a Japanese Grade 2 flat horse race in Japan for Thoroughbred colts and fillies aged three and over run over a distance of 2,400 metres at the Kyoto Racecourse, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto. The race serves as a trial race for the autumn edition of the Tenno Sho, it was first run in 1966. Among the winners of the race have been Mejiro McQueen, Marvelous Crown, T M Opera O, Tap Dance City, Rose Kingdom and Lovely Day. Horse racing in Japan List of Japanese flat horse races
Nikkei Shinshun Hai
The Nikkei Shinshun Hai Japanese 日経新春杯} is a Japanese Grade 2 flat horse race in Japan for Thoroughbreds of at least four years of age. It is a handicap race run over a distance of 2,400 metres at Kyoto Racecourse in January; the Nikkei Shinshun Hai was first run in 1954 and was elevated to Grade 2 status in 1984. Among the winners of the race have been Stay Gold, Mejiro Bright and Mikki Rocket. Horse racing in Japan List of Japanese flat horse races
Horse racing in Japan
Horse racing in Japan is a popular equestrian sport, with more than 21,000 horse races held each year. There are three types of racing that take place in Japan - flat racing, jump racing, Ban'ei Racing. In Japan, horse racing is organized by the Japan Racing Association and the National Association of Racing; the JRA is responsible for horseracing events at ten major racecourses in metropolitan areas, while the NAR is responsible for various local horseracing events throughout Japan. This system of administration of horse racing is unique to Japan. Japan's top stakes races are run in the spring and winter; the history of equestrian sports and horse racing in Japan goes back many centuries, but it was not until the Spring of 1862 that the first horse race in a recognizably European format was organized by a group of British residents on an area of drained marshland just outside the opened treaty port of Yokohama. After a series of informal races were held on the location referred to as the Swamp Ground, in 1866 the Negishi Racecourse was constructed to provide a more permanent site adjacent to the expanding Yamate residential district.
Intended as an entertainment venue for the foreign community, the racecourse became popular with Japanese society. The popularity of horse racing spread in the vicinity of other treaty ports. Early in the development of the sport Japan adopted an integrated approach to both thoroughbred breeding and racing; the close financially supportive relationship between these two industries enabled both to grow during the post Second World War economic boom. The Japan Racing Association was formally established in 1954; the Japan Cup, one of the richest horse races in the world, was inaugurated in 1981. Run at Tokyo's Fuchu Racecourse on the last Sunday in November, it continues to attract thoroughbreds from all over the world; the JRA manages the ten main tracks in Japan. Races at these tracks are called Chuo Keiba, it provides some of the richest racing in the world. As of 2010, a typical JRA maiden race for three-year-olds carried a purse of ¥9.55 million, with ¥5 million paid to the winner. Purses for graded stakes races begin at ¥74.6 million.
The country's most prominent race is the Grade 1 Japan Cup, a 2,400 m invitational turf race run every November at Tokyo Racecourse for a purse of ¥476 million, which used to be the richest turf race in the world. Other noted stakes races include the February Stakes, Takamatsunomiya Kinen, Yasuda Kinen, Takarazuka Kinen, Arima Kinen, the Tenno Sho races run in the spring and autumn; the Satsuki Sho, Tokyo Yushun, Kikuka Sho comprise the Japanese Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing. The NAR control; the fifteen Chihou Keiba tracks are operated by municipal racing authorities and run under the affiliation of the National Association of Racing. These races are smaller with the exception of Minami-kanto Keiba. All tracks of Minami-kanto Keiba are located including many large cities. Unlike the JRA, the NAR organize dirt graded events, of which the JRA has few, including the international Grade 1 race, Tokyo Daishōten, a number of domestic Grade 1 events like Teio sho, Kashiwa Kinen and the Japan Breeders' Cup series.
The global financial crisis has caused serious problems for Chihou Keiba. Local government finances have suffered from growing cumulative deficits, leading some local governments to discuss whether to keep or close their horseracing facilities. In 2011, Arao City in Kumamoto prefecture decided to close its track, the oldest one in the NAR. Fukuyama City's racetrack was closed 2013. Horses belonging to the JRA cannot participate in NAR events unless they are designated "exchange races" or "Dirt-Graded races"; the reverse applies to NAR horses, although they can participate in JRA Grade 1 turf events by either getting qualified in respective step races or winning a dirt/international Grade 1 event. Horse transfer between the JRA and the NAR is possible. Oguri Cap, the JRA Hall of Fame horse and Inari One, winner of Arima Kinen in 1989, both debuted in NAR before transfer to JRA. Although JRA racing is considered to be more popular and more competitive, sometimes NAR horses have represented Japan in races outside Japan instead of JRA horses.
For example, Cosmo Bulk won the Singapore Airlines International Cup in 2006 as a NAR horse. As protection for the Japanese breeding industry, horses which were not bred in Japan were, in the past barred from many important races, including the Triple Crown; the trend began to change in the early 90s, when progeny of imported stallions Tony Bin, Brian's Time and Sunday Silence, had remarkable success in both racing and breeding. This was the case with Sunday Silence, the leading sire for 10 years. Sunday Silence sired winners in Grade 1 races outside Japan and a number of graded races all over the world. Since the mid-2000s, most of the horses in Japan, including many overseas group race winner, had sires bred in Japan; some of them have a successful breeding record outside Japan - t
Nakayama Racecourse is located in Funabashi, Japan. It is used for horse racing, it has a capacity of 165,676. It was built in 1990. Nakayama Race Course has two grass courses, a dirt course, a jump course; the turf's outer oval measures 1840m with a 1600m and a 2200m chute, the inner oval measures 1667m with a 1400m chute. Races can be run on the "B Course" setting, or the "C Course" setting. 1000m, 1400m, 1800m, 2000m, 2500m and 3600m races run on the inner oval, while 1200m, 1600m, 2200m, 2600m and 4000m races run on the outer oval. 3200m races run on the outer oval first the inner oval. The dirt course measures 1493 meters, with a 1200m chute; the jump course is unique. In all races, horses must climb over steep embankments at the rear of the course. One particular configuration contains the two most difficult jumps on the course, is used only a few times a year for the Nakayama Grand Jump and Nakayama Daishogai races
Daily Hai Nisai Stakes
The Daily Hai Nisai Stakes is a Japanese Grade 2 flat horse race in Japan for two-year-old Thoroughbreds. It is run over a distance of 1600 metres at Kyoto Racecourse in November; the Daily Hai Nisai Stakes was first run in 1966 and was elevated to Grade 2 status in 1984. It was run over 1400 metres until 1996, it serves as a trial race for the Hopeful Stakes. Horse racing in Japan List of Japanese flat horse races
The Tulip Sho Japanese チューリップ賞} is a Japanese Grade 2 flat horse race in Japan for three-year-old Thoroughbred fillies run over a distance of 1,600 metres at Hanshin Racecourse, Hyogo. The race serves as a major trial race for the Oka Sho; the Tulip Sho was first run in 1986. It became a Grade 3 race in 1994 and was elevated to Grade 2 status in 2018. Among the winners of the race have been Air Groove, Sweep Tosho, Buena Vista, Harp Star and Sinhalite. Horse racing in Japan List of Japanese flat horse races
The Kinko Sho is a Grade 2 horse race for Thoroughbreds aged four and over run in March over a distance of 2000 metres at Chukyo Racecourse. It was first run in 1965 and was promoted to Grade 3 in 1984 before becoming a Grade 2 race in 1996; the race was run in May until 2011 and in December from 2012 until 2016. Horse racing in Japan List of Japanese flat horse races