Alando is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Barbaggio is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. It is known for its wine, its scenery, the prehistoric site of Strette. Barbaggio is located on an inland plateau below Cap Corse on the southwest slopes of the 960 metres high Serra di Pigno some 8 km east of Saint-Florent and 5 km south-east of Patrimonio. In times of conflict it controls the Col de Teghime, a 536-metre high pass through the Serra mountains leading to Bastia, 10 kilometres to the north-east. Barbaggio does not itself border the sea. Traditionally an area belonging to the Nebbio region, called since Antiquity Conca d'Oro. Barbaggio is one of 14 communes. Barbaggio backs onto the western slope of the mountains of the Serra di Pigno, the extension of the dorsal schist of Cap Corse, it covers the plain to the south-west of the village. The eastern side is delineated by the valley of the Ruisseau de Lucitello stream with the village built on a rocky ridge under the Pigno, its boundaries are defined as follows: to the north: by a boundary starting from the bridge of the D81 at the entrance to Saint-Florent and following the course of the Ruisseau de La Trutta through a chasm in the limestone hills of Monte Sant'Angelo the course of the Ruisseau de Vaccareccia stream before following a ridgeline passing through Cima Malaspina to the south of Pigno on which there are identifiable telecommunications towers.
Barbaggio does not border the sea - the bridge on the D81 is located 700 m from the sea. The plateau is drained by small streams such as the Ruisseau de Lucitello and provides the commune with its chief economic resource: 45 hectares of grapevines; the commune is known for its fine wine. Of the 1,086 ha remainder, 610 ha are woods. Barbaggio shares a nature reserve of 32 ha with nearby Oletta. Barbaggio is located in the drainage basin of the Ruiseau de la Trutta which flows west to Olzu in the Gulf of Saint-Florent. Upstream it is called the Ruisseau de Vaccareccia, it rises from the Cima di Malaspina at 470 m above sea level. It is fed by its tributary the Ruisseau de Forci; as for other communes in the Nebbio region and those along the western coast of Cap Corse, Barbaggio enjoys a Mediterranean climate with moderate temperature changes. The snow only reaches the heights of Pigno a few days a year dropping below 400 metres. Snowfall disrupts traffic in the Col de Teghime only rarely. Rainfall that should refresh the Serra di Pigno is low in summer and so the flanks of the mountain are arid and exposed, being the sulana of the mountain and subject to frequent libeccio - the prevailing westerly wind: dry and mixed with the punente, the other westerly wind.
Because of its geographical position and its area of plain, Barbaggio is well protected from the north winds - the Tramuntana in winter: a healthy, dry and icy wind. The vegetative cover in uncultivated areas has different landscapes at different levels. Near the ridges vegetation is low moorish carved by strong winds with rocky grasslands. On lower levels it is dense maquis shrubland consisting of many thorny shrubs as well as brambles, Pouzin rosebushes, Sarsaparille which are impenetrable and without trees due to frequent fires. At the level of the village there are olive trees, Holly Oaks, some chestnuts. Around the village are palm trees, prickly pears, agaves which bring an exotic touch; the cultivated areas are located on the plain. They are vines producing wines and muscat under an AOC. In peak summer season they have a supply of water from Lake Padula; the D81 road from Bastia to Saint-Florent crosses the Col de Teghime. Descending from the pass, Barbaggio is the first of the two villages.
The Col de Teghime in the south of the commune is the junction of the D81 and the D38 which goes south-west to Poggio-d'Oletta. The D338 road leads to the top of Pigno, south-east of the commune, where there are telecommunication towers, its junction with the D81 is nearly 700 m east of the Col de Teghime. It ends in a cul-de-sac in remote Pigno with the telecommunications facilities at 4.1 km. The village of Barbaggio is built on a rocky ridge under the Pigno. There are three other hamlets in the commune: Piazze in the centre where there are the town hall, war memorial, the village square Poggio Gorgaccia off to the west; the plain is occupied by isolated farms. The houses are 2 or 3 levels. Most are restored. Roofs alternate between red tiles. There is an orientation table at t
Aiti is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aïtinchi. Aiti is some 15 km north of Corte and about 25 km inland from the east coast of Corsica; the Highway N193 from Corte goes north passing near the eastern border of the commune however the commune can only be accessed from this side by the D39 from Francardo a tortuous and circuitous road. The commune can be accessed from the eastern side from San-Lorenzo on the Highway D39 which has a small connecting road across a bridge to the D39 road which enters the commune from the south and is another tortuous and circuitous route to the village of Aiti. Other than some short mountain access roads there are no other roads in the commune. Aiti occupies the northern part of the mountain chain in the west of the massif of Monte San Petrone, separated by the Casaluna Valley; the commune lies "below the hill", or "Corsican Shale" in the north-east of the island along the edge of the Cap Corse shale which continues to the San Petrone mountains and ends south of Castagnicia.
These mountains are a block of lustrous shale from the Tertiary period during the uplift of the Alps on the Hercynian bedrock at the end of the Paleozoic era. The highest point in the commune is the Cima a l'Orzale south of the town and the lowest point is next to the Golo river to the north-west; the commune is mountainous with the hills of Castagnicia to the west. It occupies a small portion of a low-lying area called "Cuvette de Ponte Leccia", one of a series of central low-lying areas stretching from L'Île-Rousse to Solenzara through Ponte Leccia and Cateraggio, it includes many small valleys where streams flow to the Casaluna. The western border of the commune is the Callasima River which flows north to join the Golo River near Ponte-Leccia. Several streams run through the commune; the main streams are Poggie and Fossa Ceca. List of Successive Mayors of Aiti Communes of the Haute-Corse department Aiti on Lion1906 Aiti on Google Maps Aiti on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aiti on the INSEE website INSEE
Bastia is a French commune in the Haute-Corse department of France located in the north-east of the island of Corsica at the base of Cap Corse. It has the second-highest population of any commune on the island after Ajaccio and is the capital of the Bagnaja region and of the department. Bastia is the principal port of the island and its principal commercial town and is famous for its wines. 10% of the population are immigrants. The unemployment rate in the commune has persistently been one of the highest in France, standing at over 20% in 2004; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Bastiaises. The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Located in the North-East of Corsica at the base of the Cap Corse, between the sea and the mountain, Bastia is the principal port of the island; the city is located 35 km away from the northern tip of the Cap Corse, 50 km west from Elba, an Italian island, 90 km away from continental Italy which can be seen a few days per year when visibility is excellent.
In terms of geography, Bastia is defined by its position between the mountain. The city is located on a 960 m mountain; this steep mountain and several hills in the city shape a relief typical of the Cap Corse. This pronounced landscape caused the city to develop on a coastal band about 1.5 km wide, a limited part of the 19.38 km2 that the commune has. Above all, Bastia is a port, the sea has of course a significant role in the spatial organization of the city. Bastia possesses nowadays three different ports; the old port, located in a remarkable and narrow cove, offers good natural shelter against the climatic hazards of the Mediterranean Sea. Thus, it was at the core of the initial development of the city. Nowadays, many pleasure and fishing boats are still there, but it is not as economically vital than the other more modern ports, although its touristic and aesthetic charm makes the old port the official emblem of the city. In fact, many cafés, bars and restaurants have moved to its docks to which access is granted by the city for pedestrians only during summer evenings.
A bit more to the North is located the ferry port. As a major economic asset of the city, the "port de commerce" is the pulse of the city, it is more so during the summer when ferry arrivals and departures of thousands of passengers and cars can sometimes cause long traffic jams along the north–south axis, the national road RN193. In front of the commercial port, the large Saint-Nicolas square represents the heart of the city. Just North of the commercial port, the Toga marina, named after a city neighborhood, is a harbor for leisure boating activities like sailing and yachting. There are some bars and night clubs on its docks. Thus, Bastia is logically organized on a narrow north–south axis which can make access to the city centre difficult under particular circumstances. Nowadays, the city centre is composed of the "citadelle", the stronghold called Terra-Nova, with the Genoese Governors' Palace, the old port and its popular quarter and the market plaza, the ensemble of buildings along the "Boulevard Paoli", the main commercial street of the city, which lies from the Justice Court to the Avenue Maréchal Sebastiani.
During the last few decades and its region have experienced a strong demographic growth, which has cause somewhat of a suburban crawl in the South of the city, because of the congestion of the city center. The commune is located in the Alpine Eastern Corsica region, formed from "a succession of Autochthons, para-Autochtons and Allochthons; the first two coincide with the central depression. The Allochtons are in the area of lustrous schists and ophiolites corresponding to the eastern relief", its base rests on a granite bedrock, covered with oceanic layers of: Sedimentary rocks on the east coast, ranging from the mouth of the Ruisseau de Lupino north to the south bank of the mouth of the Travo lustrous schists along the entire eastern side of Cap Corse, ophiolite deposited in eastern Corsica during the Eocene period. Note the presence of copper ore in Cardo, once the subject of a concession. Geographically, Bastia is characterized by its location between the mountains; the commune lies on the eastern flank of the "Serra di Pignu" a mountain which rises to 960 m above sea level.
This steep mountain with other hills around Bastia forms the typical terrain of Cap Corse. This pronounced relief explains the development of the city on a coastal strip of about 1.5 km in width, a limited proportion of the 19.38 km2 of the whole commune. The river network is sparse. There are three small streams flowing from west to east: in the north the Ruisseau Fiuminale rises in the north-west of the commune 400 m north-east of Monte Muzzone. Along its length of 4.3 kilometres it forms the border between the communes of Bastia and Ville-di-Pietrabugno from its source to the roundabout of the Annunciation. Part of its course is covered in the city from the path of the Annunciation to the port where it empties into the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is fed by the Ruisseau de Cardo. in the centre, the Ruisseau de Lupino is 4.3 ki
Cambia is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Asco is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aschesi. Asco is a remote commune high in the mountains some 20 km in a direct line south-east of Calvi and 15 km north-west of Corte, it is a commune, part of the former Pieve of Caccia: a historic territory and culturally, made up of Niolo and the Asco Valley which today is called the High Centre of Corsica. The commune is part of the ten communes in the Canton of Castifao-Morosaglia, it is located in the Parc naturel régional de Corse. The main access to Asco is by the D47; the D47 is the road to the villages of Moltifao and Castifao however to get to Asco and the upper valley, the D147 branches from the D47 at the Capanacce junction south of Moltifao. From this junction, it is about 12 km to the remote village, crossing the gorges of Asco; the road continues beyond the village and, after passing through the Asco communal forest, it ends in a cul-de-sac at the former ski resort of Haut-Asco, a remote place 14 km south-west of Asco.
To improve traffic circulation, the D147 follows a route around the village. The former road through the village is a way reserved for residents. There is no public road transport of goods; the Railways of Corsica line passes through Ponte-Leccia. The nearest airport is the Bastia – Poretta Airport near Bastia and the nearest commercial seaport is that of Bastia. Asco is, with Castifao, one of the three communes in the Asco valley. Asco occupies the upper part of the valley; the river's Drainage basin is Haut-Asco, formed by a chain of high mountains including some of the highest peaks on the island: Capu Biancu, Capu a u Verdatu, Punta Selolla, Capu Ciuntrone, Monte Cinto on the western side where the source of the river is, Pointe des Éboulis, Punta Crucetta, Capu Larghia, Punta Minuta, Capu di a Muvraghia, Punta Missoghiu. The river flows through the commune to its confluence with the Ruisseau de Cabanne where there is a bridge. Another footbridge was located at the beginning of the Asco gorges but was destroyed by a recent flood.
The main river is the Asco which has its source from under the Punta Rossa in the commune as the Ruisseau de Tighiettu and, further downstream, it becomes the Ruisseau de Stranciacone. It leaves the communal territory at the walkway located at the confluence of the Ruisseau de Cabanne in the place called "Gorges of Asco"; this walkway is 383 m above sea level and provides access to the existing adventure park for tree climbing, Via ferrata, etc. The Asco has many tributaries: thirteen are listed on the SANDRE website. A power plant was built upstream of the Asco Genoese bridge. Less than 400 m in a direct line north-west of Monte Cinto is the Lac d'Argentu. Asco offers a range of rich and varied landscapes of bare rocky mountains in the Gorges of Asco impenetrable scrub above the gorges, dry and arid with a forest of prickly juniper in the vicinity of the village with thick forests of black pine above the village. Below the ridge lines thick and aromatic Alder bushes grow called u bassu in Corsican: an endemic shrub without a trunk.
The remarkable Asco communal forest that covers the upper valley includes the Forest of Vecchietto and the Forest of Carrozzica, which are larger and higher, but both on the Asco slopes. These landscapes are similar to high alpine valleys; the presence of a ski resort only reinforces the illusion. Asco people live at an average altitude in the village of 600 metres; the village dates from the 11th century. Many older homes have been renovated and are enclosed in the lower part of the village where the parish church of St. Michael the Archangel with its typical bell tower and the War memorial are located. Asco was an enclave until the middle of the 20th century and the first road was opened in 1937; the road leading to the gorges was opened in 1968. The old road providing access to Haut-Asco became the D147a - the main street where access is restricted to residents. Haut-Asco is located on the Stagno plateau at 1,422 m altitude, it is served by the D147 road. The whole road from the junction is narrow and winding and is prohibited for access by buses over 11 m long.
Until the end of the 20th century Haut-Asco was still quite popular for its winter ski resort that opened its snowy slopes for short periods. To this end, several permanent chalets were built by individuals on the alignment of the old ski-lift. Since the ski resort has been dismantled. Haut-Asco attracts many visitors during the summer season: hikers for the PNRC Ascu Stagnu refuge with its cottage and tourists for its attractive and pleasant site. A few shops open during the season; the ski area re-opened for the 2015/2016 winter season with 1 magic carpet. There are proposals to build a fixed 4 seater chairlift and a further drag lift for the 2016/2017 season. Asco was part of a Pieve of about 3,500 inhabitants. Around 1520 the populated areas were La Petrella, Castifao, La Roma, La Paganosa, Le Piazze, Cheta, Campolato, lo Borgo, Asco, La Costa; the commune has long been landlocked and its population lived in autarky. The only existing roads were those since the Middle Ages. C
Aléria is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica, former bishopric and present Latin Catholic titular see. It includes the easternmost point in Metropolitan France. Aléria shares the canton of Moïta-Verde with 13 other communes: Moïta, Campi, Canale-di-Verde, Linguizzetta, Pianello, Pietra-di-Verde, Tox and Zuani. Aléria is 70 km to the south of Bastia on Route N198, in the centre of the Plaine Orientale called the Plaine d'Aléria, the east-central coastal plain of the island facing Italy, it includes a number of monuments. Most of the rest of the island is precipitously mountainous; the eastern coastline is punctuated by a number of lakes connecting to the Tyrrhenian Sea, the remnant of an ancient system of lagoons behind barrier beaches. The Corsicans refer to them under the name of Étang, "pool", although most are larger by far than an English pool. Marshland is extensive on the coast requiring that cities be built inland from it. Malaria has been a problem near the marshlands and swamps of eastern Corsica.
The fine barrier beaches are a recreational attraction. The Tavignano River enters the commune to the exits into the Tyrrhenian Sea, its lands include marshes to the south and the unconnected étang de Diane to the north. To the west, the étang de Terre Rosse is a reservoir used to irrigate the plain. Corsica had an indigenous population in the Neolithic and the Bronze Age but the east coast was subject to colonization by Mediterranean maritime powers: Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, they built on an étang, which they used as a harbor. Alaliē was placed between the southern end of the 3.5 km long Ētang de Diane and the Tavignano River inland, but controlling the entire district including the mouth of the river. The site is occupied today by the village of Cateraggio at the crossroads of national routes N200 and N198. N200 follows the Vallé du Tavignano into the interior mountains of Corte; when the Etruscans took the district, after its abandonment by the Greeks, they settled further south along N198 in the vicinity of the village of Aléria, today an archaeological site across the river from Cateraggio, where visitors and academics are quartered.
Still south of there was the Etruscan necropolis, in today's Casabianda. Aléria takes its name from the Roman town placed there after the defeat of the Etruscans; the entire district, however, is wider still, following the Corsican custom of including some mountains and some beaches in every district. It incorporates the agricultural lands of Teppe Rosse, the entire Étang de Diane and the Plage de Padulone 3 km east of Cateraggio, a former barrier beach. Since 1975 a series of laws have created the Casabianda-Aléria Nature Preserve, 1,748 ha between the mouth of the Tavignanu and the Étang d'Urbinu, 5 km to the south; the reserve to the south was initiated from the grounds of the former penitentiary of Casabianda in 1951. It was instituted in 1880 in a pestilential area which it was hoped the prisoners could farm, it contained 214 plots. Due to a high death rate from malaria, the agricultural experiment failed. According to Herodotus twenty years before the abandonment of Phocaea in Ionia, that is, in 566 BC, Phocaeans colonizing the western Mediterranean founded a city, Alaliē, on the island of Cyrnus.
Diodorus Siculus says that the city was named Calaris a corruption of Alaliē. The historical circumstances of Calaris leave no doubt. Diodorus says that Aleria had a "beautiful large harbor, called Syracusium," that Calaris and another city, were on it, that Nicaea had been built by the Etruscans. Syracusium can only be a lake exiting to the Tyrrhenian Sea; as Aleria and Nicaea were trade rivals it seems unlikely that the Etruscans would have allowed the Phocaeans, who were ancient Greeks, access to Étang de Diane. Nicaea is identified with the La Marana district further north, where the Romans built a city, Mariana, on the Étang de Biguglia, a better harbor. Diodorus says that the cities of Corsica were subject to the Phocaeans and that the latter took slaves, resin and honey from them. Alaliē was an emporium. Of the natives whom the Phocaeans subjugated Diodorus says only that they were "barbarians, whose language is strange and difficult to understand" and that they numbered more than 30,000.
At home Phocaea was the first city of Ionia to come under siege by the army of Cyrus, who were Medes commanded by Harpagus, in 546 BC. Requesting a cease-fire the Phocaeans took to their ships, abandoning the city to Harpagus, who allowed them to escape. Refused permission to settle Oenussae in the territory of Chios they resolved to reinforce Alaliē, but first made a surprise punitive raid on Phocaea, executing the entire Persian garrison. At this success half the Phocaeans reinhabited Phocaea. In Corsica they were so troublesome to the Etruscans and to the Carthaginians of Sardinia that the two powers sent a combined fleet of 120 ships to root them out, but this force was defeated by 60 Phocaean ships at the Battle of Alalia in the Sardinian Sea, which Herodotus describes as a Cadmeian victory because the Greeks lost 40 ships sunk and the remaining 20 so damaged as not to be battle-worthy. Now unable to defend themselves, the Phocaeans took to their remaining ships and sailed off to Rhegium, abandoning Alaliē.