Mario Gutierrez (jockey)
Mario Gutierrez is a Mexican Thoroughbred horse racing jockey who won the 2012 Santa Anita Derby, Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes aboard I'll Have Another, a colt owned by Windsor, native J. Paul Reddam and his wife, Zillah, he won the 2016 Kentucky Derby aboard Nyquist owned by Reddam and trained by Doug O'Neill. The son of a jockey, Gutierrez rode Quarter Horses in his native El Higo, in Mexico City beginning at age 14. In 2006 he emigrated to Canada where he began riding at Hastings Racecourse in Vancouver, British Columbia, where he won riding titles in 2007 and 2008. In 2012 he rode I'll Have Another and won the February 4 Robert B. Lewis Stakes at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, California; the pair followed up with a win in the April 7 Santa Anita Derby, on May 5, 2012, in what retired U. S. Racing Hall of Fame jockey and NBC race commentor Gary Stevens called a "masterful ride," won the Kentucky Derby, it was the Derby debut for the 25-year-old jockey. After the race, Gutierrez described I'll Have Another as "an amazing horse", said that "from the first time I met him, I knew he was the one."
Gary Stevens (jockey)
Gary Lynn Stevens is an American Thoroughbred horse racing jockey and sports analyst. He became a professional jockey in 1979 and rode his first of three Kentucky Derby winners in 1988; as of 2014, he has won the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes three times each, as well as 10 Breeders' Cup races and is a nine-time winner of the Santa Anita Derby. He entered the United States Racing Hall of Fame in 1997. Combining his U. S. and international wins, Stevens had over 5,000 race wins by 2005, reached his 5,000 North American win on February 15, 2015. His career successes were intertwined with significant injuries and periods of temporary retirement due to knee problems from 1999 until 2000, again from 2005 to 2013, he had an acting role in the 2003 film Seabiscuit. After his second retirement from riding in 2005, he worked for TVG and HRTV and NBC Sports as a horse racing analyst for seven years, had a brief stint as a race horse trainer, took a few other acting roles, notably in the TV series Luck, before coming out of retirement again in 2013.
In the 2013 season, he won 69 of 383 races and finished the year 12th in the nation in purse earnings, winning a number of significant races including the 2013 Preakness Stakes, the Breeders' Cup Distaff and the Breeders' Cup Classic. In 2014, he rode in the first half of the year, but his knee problems became too severe to continue riding, in July he announced a "break" in order to get a total knee replacement, he returned to riding by mid-October 2014, accepted mounts for the 2014 Breeders' Cup, rode a winning race by mid-November 2014. Following the 2016 Breeders' Cup, he again took time off, this time for a hip replacement, returning to racing in March 2017. Due to his multiple joint replacements, "The Bionic Man" became one of his nicknames. Stevens was born in Caldwell, the youngest of three sons born to Ron and Barbara Stevens. Ron was a race horse trainer who worked with both American Quarter Horses. Stevens grew up around horses and first rode when he was three years old, assisted by his mother, a rodeo queen.
As a seven-year-old child, Stevens had to wear a brace for 19 months due to a degenerative disease of the hip, Perthes syndrome. He began helping his father as a horse groom at the age of eight. In high school, Stevens was a wrestler with potential to obtain college athletic scholarships. However, he dropped out of school in 1979 to pursue a career as a jockey. Stevens has been married three times and has five children, four from his first marriage and one from his third, he became a grandfather in 2012. One of his older brothers, became a professional jockey, at age 12 Stevens had decided to do the same. By the time he was 14, he was riding American Quarter Horses at small "bush" tracks. At age 16 he switched to Thoroughbreds, at 17 won his first race at Les Bois Park, in Boise, Idaho on Little Star, a horse trained by his father. After leaving high school, he spent four months in southern California working for horse trainer Chuck Taliaferro, who had helped develop other young jockeys, including Steve Cauthen and Cash Asmussen.
He returned to Boise for about a year rode from 1981 to 1982 at Portland Meadows, where he won two awards for his race riding. He went on to Longacres, near Seattle, Washington from 1982 through 1984, where he won 524 times, including a number of graded stakes races, broke numerous riding records and was the leading rider two years in a row. Returning to Southern California in 1984, he began winning Grade I races and rode his first Kentucky Derby on Tank's Prospect in 1985. Stevens' first win in a Triple Crown race was the 1988 Kentucky Derby on the filly Winning Colors, he went on to win the Kentucky Derby again in 1995 and 1997, the Preakness Stakes in 1997, 2001 and 2013, Belmont Stakes in 1995, 1998 and 2001. He fell short of winning the Triple Crown in 1997 when he won the Derby and Preakness with Silver Charm but came in second in the Belmont; the following year, he picked up his second Belmont win on Victory Gallop, in turn denying a Triple Crown to Real Quiet. In 1993 he became the youngest jockey in history to surpass the $100 million earnings mark and was the fourth youngest jockey to be inducted into the Horse Racing Hall of Fame when he was given that honor in 1997.
He won the Santa Anita Derby nine times, won eleven Breeders' Cup races, making him the seventh-leading money winner in Breeders' Cup history as of 2014. At the time of his 2005 temporary retirement, his mounts had collected over $221 million with 4,888 winners in North America, ranking Stevens fifth in all-time winnings at the time, he had over 5,000 wins in 2005 when including overseas victories, including 49 wins in the UK, 55 races in France, 20 victories in Hong Kong. Stevens considers his 5,000th win to have been in the Gaviola Stakes on October 30, 2005. Coming back in 2013, he won the Preakness Stakes on Oxbow and added additional wins to his lifetime total, including an international victory in the Shergar Cup at Ascot Racecourse that raised his total win record in the United Kingdom to 50. By 2014, his earnings stood at $236,951,490 and his North American wins were at 4,988; as of 2015 he had 139 international wins in six nations in addition to his North American records. He reached his official 5,000th North American win at Santa Anita Park on February 13, 2015 on a horse named Catch a Flight, trained by Richard Mandella.
He retired from racing for ten months in 1999–2000 due to knee problems, but returned after a rest and credited what was his first comeback to the use of nutraceutical supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin. In 2002, Stevens wrote a book about his life up to that point titled The Perfect Ride. Hall of Fame sportscaster Jack Whitaker described it as: "a great
Exaggerator is a retired American Thoroughbred racehorse, winner of the 2016 Preakness Stakes. Racing as a two-year-old in 2015, he won three of his six starts including the Saratoga Special Stakes and the Delta Jackpot Stakes as well as finishing second in the Breeders' Futurity and fourth in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile; the following spring, he finished second in the San Vicente Stakes and third in the San Felipe Stakes before establishing himself as a contender for the 2016 Kentucky Derby with a six length win in the Santa Anita Derby. After finishing second to Nyquist in the Derby, he turned the tables to win the 2016 Preakness Stakes, he defeated Nyquist again in the Haskell Invitational. Tactically, Exaggerator was a "closer" -- one. Exaggerator is a dark bay or brown colt with a small white star and a white sock on his right hind leg. Bred in Kentucky by Joseph B Murphy, he is from the fourth crop of foals sired by the 2007 Preakness Stakes and Breeders' Cup Classic winner Curlin, whose other offspring have included Palace Malice and Keen Ice.
Exaggerator's dam Dawn Raid showed some good form as a two-year-old in 2007, winning two races and finishing third in the Fanfreluche Stakes. She was a great-granddaughter of Bon Debarras, whose other descendants have included the Queen's Plate winner Niigon. Exaggerator was foaled at Stoneleigh Farm, where his nickname was "Buster." At Stoneleigh, he was well-liked by the staff, reputed to be a well-mannered colt in training, but playful in the pasture, where he would throw a horse toy "Jolly Ball" over the fence at passers-by, hoping they would throw it back in a game of fetch. The yearling colt was consigned to the Keeneland sale in September 2014 as Hip 1473 and bought for $110,000 by Big Chief Racing. After the 2015 Breeders' Cup, the owner of Big Chief Racing, Matt Bryan, brought additional partners into ownership of the horse. A 20 percent share is held by Sol Kumin under the business name Head of Plains Partners. Kumin is noted as the owner of the mare Lady Eli. Another significant share in the partnership is held by Rocker O Ranch, owned by Ronny Ortoski.
Prior to the Kentucky Derby, WinStar Farm announced that it had acquired the breeding rights to Exaggerator. During his racing career Exaggerator was trained by J. Keith Desormeaux, his regular jockey was Kent Desormeaux. Exaggerator began his racing career by finishing fifth behind Nyquist in a five-furlong maiden race at Santa Anita Park on June 5. On July 26 at Del Mar Racetrack Exaggerator started favorite for a maiden over six furlongs and recorded his first success, coming from well off the pace to take the lead in the final stride and win by a nose from Miner's Light; the colt was stepped up in class for the Grade II Saratoga Special Stakes over six and a half furlongs at Saratoga Race Course. Racing for the first time outside California his final preparation for the race was handled by Desormeaux's assistant Julie Clark and he was ridden by Junior Alvarado, he raced at the rear of the six-runner field before producing a sustained run along the rail to take the lead inside the final furlong and won by three-quarters of a length from the favored Saratoga Mischief.
After the race Clark commented that Exaggerator "showed some real class for a baby". On October 3 Exaggerator started favorite for the Grade I Breeders' Futurity over eight and a half furlongs at Keeneland. After tracking the leaders he took the lead in the stretch but was overtaken in closing stages and finished second, beaten a length by Brody's Cause. Four weeks over the same course and distance, Exaggerator was one of fourteen colts to contest the Breeders' Cup Juvenile. After tracking the leaders he stayed on in the stretch without looking to win and finished fourth behind Nyquist and Brody's Cause, beaten three lengths by the winner. On his final appearance of the season, Exaggerator started favorite for the Delta Downs Jackpot Stakes run on November 21 on a muddy track at Delta Downs in Louisiana; the best fancied of his rivals was Sunny Ridge. Exaggerator took the lead after a quarter mile and fought off a sustained challenge from Sunny Ridge to win by a neck. Commenting on the colt as a potential Kentucky Derby contender Keith Desormeaux said "He's bred for it.
He has the precociousness and the athleticism for it." Exaggerator began his second season in the Grade II San Vicente Stakes at Santa Anita on February 15. He came from off the pace and finished but was beaten one and a half lengths into second place by Nyquist. Up to this point the colt tended to run as a "stalker," staying close to the pace. After the San Vicente, Desormeax changed tactics and began training him to colt fall back and come from behind, making him a "closer". In the San Felipe Stakes on March 12 Exaggerator started second favorite behind Mor Spirit, a Bob Baffert-trained colt who had won the Los Alamitos Futurity and the Robert B. Lewis Stakes on his last two starts, he challenged for the lead on the final turn but finished third behind the wire-to-wire winner Danzing Candy with Mor Spirit taking second. Exaggerator faced Danzing Candy and Mor Spirit again in the Grade I Santa Anita Derby on April 9 and started third choice in the betting at odds of 3.4/1. Racing on a sloppy track, Exaggerator trailed the field in the early stages as Danzing Candy set the pace but began to make rapid progress half a mile from the finish.
He drew alongside the leaders on the final turn and went clear of the field to win by six and a quarter lengths from Mor Spirit with Uncle Lino taking third ahead of the tiring Danzing Candy. Kent Desormeaux commented "He was the fourth horse that I rode in the mud today and the
Art Sherman is an American horse trainer and former jockey. At the age of 77 he became the oldest trainer to win the Kentucky Derby, he began his career as a stable hand for Mesh Tenney. While working in Ellsworth's barn, he was the exercise rider for the 1955 Kentucky Derby winner Swaps and 1956 Kentucky Derby entrant Terrang. In 1957, Sherman became a licensed jockey, enjoying modest success, began training horses in 1979. Sherman had trained ten Graded stakes winners and is credited with over 2,100 wins prior to becoming the trainer of California Chrome, he was hired to train California Chrome in due to his "old school" training techniques. Prior to the 2014 Kentucky Derby, he had conditioned the horse through four consecutive wins, California Chrome entered the Derby as the favorite and won. Two weeks California Chrome won the 2014 Preakness Stakes. Sherman is married and has two sons and Steve, both in the horse training business. Art Sherman was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1937. At the age of seven, his family moved to California.
Sherman became interested in horse racing while working at his father's barber shop when a customer, noticing Sherman was only 5 feet 2 inches, suggested Sherman become a jockey. At age 17, Sherman got a job as stablehand on Rex Ellsworth's ranch. From Ellsworth and trainer Mesh Tenney, he learned to care for and breed horses. In 1955, he was the exercise rider for Kentucky Derby winner Swaps, owned by Ellsworth, he rode in the train boxcar with the horse while traveling from California to Kentucky, sleeping on a bed of straw next to the horse during the four night trip. Sherman was at the 1956 Derby as a stable hand for Ellsworth's horse Terrang, who finished 12th. Sherman became a licensed jockey in 1957, his first win was at Hollywood Park. In 1959, he won a race in Maryland where Vice President Richard Nixon awarded the trophy, attracting national attention; the highlight of Sherman's career came when he beat his idol and future Hall of Fame jockey Eddie Arcaro in a race. "I'll never forget that because after the race he came by and put his arm around me and said,'You run a good race, son,'" Sherman recalled.
He won over 2,000 races during his riding career. After riding for over 21 years, he began training horses. Sherman met Faye, on a blind date while riding in Chicago. Faye was working for the Illinois Central Railroad at the time, at first found Sherman's work to be "the most boring thing that's been done". After they were married, she worked in the gift shop at Bay Meadows Racetrack for 30 years before retiring. One of Sherman's sons, works together with his father to train their horses. Earlier, Alan worked as a jockey. Sherman's other son, Steve, is a trainer, working out of Golden Gate Fields. Sherman's first great-grandchild was born in June 2014. Sherman says he has no plans to retire. "I wouldn't know what to do with myself," he said. " is the only thing I know. It's a great life. I can't wait to get up in the morning". Sherman started training race horses in 1979. Prior to 2014, Sherman had 10 graded stakes winners, some of whom, trained in conjunction with his son Alan, were Grade 1 stakes winners.
These included Lykatill Hill, who won back-to-back Governor's Handicaps at the California State Fair in 1996 and 1997, 2011 Clement L. Hirsch Stakes winner Ultra Blend, Haimish Hy, winner of the 2010 Hollywood Derby, 2007 Citation Handicap winner Lang Field, Siren Lure, winner of the 2006 Triple Bend Invitational Handicap. For many years, he downsized to about 17 in the 2010s; as of 2014, his stable is located at Los Alamitos Race Course in California. Sherman's horses have started more than 12,000 races, with more than 2,100 wins and $38 million of prize money, he has stated that no horse can be trained the same way as another, credits his background as a jockey in helping him train: "I've been around and I've rode so many horses, I think because of that it's helped me tremendously." California Chrome owners Perry Martin and Steve Coburn chose Sherman to train their horse because "he's old school. He's a regular guy... He can spend quality time with every horse." In December 2013, California Chrome won the King Glorious Stakes, the final stakes race at Hollywood Park Racetrack, the same track Sherman had his first win as a jockey.
Sherman subsequently led the horse to a four-race winning streak heading into the 2014 Kentucky Derby, including a decisive win in the Grade I Santa Anita Derby. That record made California Chrome the pre-race favorite in the 2014 Kentucky Derby, but there were still many doubters due to the horse's modest pedigree and Sherman's inexperience at the sport's highest stage. For Sherman, it was his first horse as trainer in the Derby. Jockey Victor Espinoza held California Chrome behind the front-runners in the early part of the race, before making his move on the final turn. California Chrome pulled away from the field, just as Sherman had envisioned it, winning the Derby by 1 3/4 lengths; the win made the 77-year-old Sherman the oldest trainer to win the Kentucky Derby in the history of the race. Charlie Whittingham held the record, training Sunday Silence to win the 1989 Kentucky Derby at age 76. Interviewed after the race, Sherman said "when I went to Swaps' grave the other day I said a little prayer and it came true.
I said I hope is another Swaps." He said the win was unlikely to change him because he had "been around a long time" and added "I'm just the same old Art Sherman, you know – except, I won the Kentucky Derby." Sherman then
Santa Anita Park
Santa Anita Park is a Thoroughbred racetrack in Arcadia, United States. It offers some of the prominent horse racing events in the United States during the winter and in spring; the track is home to numerous prestigious races including both the Santa Anita Derby and the Santa Anita Handicap as well as hosting the Breeders' Cup in 1986, 1993, 2003, 2008, 2009, from 2012 to 2014, plus 2016. In 2011, Santa Anita's ownership was moved to The Stronach Group. Frank Mirahmadi is the current track commentator. Santa Anita Park was part of "Rancho Santa Anita,", owned by former San Gabriel Mission Mayor-Domo, Claudio Lopez, named after a family member, "Anita Cota." The ranch was acquired by rancher Hugo Reid, a Scotsman. It was owned by multimillionaire horse breeder and racer Lucky Baldwin. Baldwin built a racetrack adjacent to the present site in what is today Arcadia, outside of the city of Los Angeles, in 1904, it closed in 1909 and burned down in 1912. In 1933, California legalized parimutuel wagering and several investor groups worked to open racetracks.
In the San Francisco area, a group headed by Dr. Charles H "Doc" Strub was having trouble locating a site. In the Los Angeles area, a group headed by movie producer Hal Roach was in need of further funds; these two groups combined and the newly formed Los Angeles Turf Club opened the present day track on Christmas Day in 1934, making it the first formally-established racetrack in California. Architect Gordon Kaufmann designed its various buildings in a combination of Colonial Revival and a type of art deco known as Streamline Modern, painted in Santa Anita's signature colors of Persian Green and Chiffon Yellow. In February 1935, the first Santa Anita Handicap was run; the race's $100,000 purse, largest of any race in the United States until that time, produced its nickname the Big'Cap. In its heyday, the track's races attracted such stars Betty Grable, Lana Turner, Edgar Bergen, Jane Russell, Cary Grant, Esther Williams, other stars. Bing Crosby, Joe E. Brown, Al Jolson, Harry Warner were all stockholders.
In 1940, Seabiscuit won the Santa Anita Handicap in his last start. In 1942, racing at Santa Anita was suspended due to the Second World War. Santa Anita was used as an "assembly center" for Japanese Americans excluded from the West Coast. For several months in 1942, over 18,000 people lived in horse stables and military-style barracks constructed on the site, including actor George Takei a young boy. After the track reopened in 1945, it went through the postwar years with prosperity. A downhill turf course, which added a distinctly European flair to racing at Santa Anita, was added in 1953. Due to its proximity to Los Angeles, Santa Anita has traditionally been associated with the film and television industries; the racetrack sequences in the Marx Brothers 1937 classic A Day at the Races were filmed there, The Story of Seabiscuit with Shirley Temple was filmed on location in 1949. It was featured in A Star Is Born. Several stars, including Bing Crosby, Spencer Tracy, Errol Flynn, Alex Trebek, MGM mogul, Louis B.
Mayer, have owned horses. The 1958 Santa Anita Derby was attended by 61,123 people, making the attendance that day a record crowd, they had come to watch Silky Sullivan win -- going away. The 1960s brought about a major renovation of Santa Anita Park, including a much-expanded grandstand as well as major seating additions. In 1968, Del Mar Racetrack relinquished its dates for a fall meeting. A group of horsemen including Clement Hirsch intervened and established the not-for-profit Oak Tree Racing Association. Oak Tree had no facilities of its own and rented Santa Anita Park for its first autumn meeting in 1969; the Oak Tree Association became. This meet ran from the end of September until early November. Many key stakes races were held during the Oak Tree Meeting, including many preps to the Breeders' Cup races; the Oak Tree meet relocated to Hollywood Park for 2010 but the California Horse Racing Board awarded the fall dates to Santa Anita in its own right in 2011. This prompted a renaming of many stakes races held at the fall meeting that were associated with Oak Tree.
For example, the Norfolk, Yellow Ribbon, Lady's Secret, Oak Leaf, were renamed at the FrontRunner, Awesome Again, Rodeo Drive and Chandelier respectively. Prosperity continued at Santa Anita throughout the 1980s. In 1984, Santa Anita was the site of equestrian events at the 1984 Olympics; the following year, the track set an attendance record of 85,527 people on Santa Anita Handicap Day. However, recognizing the potential revenue boon to the State of California, the California Legislature expanded off track betting, bring operating betting parlors within closer driving distance of the race-day tracks. While the Santa Anita meeting could still draw large crowds, attendance had decreased by a third. Only 56,810 people were at the park for Santa Anita Derby Day 2007 to witness a Grade I event. In 1997, Santa Anita Park was acquired by Meditrust when it purchased the Santa Anita Companies for its unique real estate investment trust paired share corporate structure. Following the elimination of the special tax treatment accorded Pair Share REITs, Meditrust sold the track to Magna Entertainment Corp.
In 2006, Gulfstream Park and Santa Anita cohosted the Sunshine Millions, a day of competition with $3.6 million in stakes races between horses bred in the State of Florida and those bred in the State of California. At Santa Anita standardbred racing was conducted. At Santa Anita Park's European-style paddock there are statues of jockeys George Woolf, Johnny Longden, Bi
The Kentucky Derby is a horse race, held annually in Louisville, United States, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is a Grade I stakes race for three-year-old Thoroughbreds at a distance of one and a quarter miles at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings fillies 121 pounds; the race is called "The Run for the Roses" on account of the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes In Sports" or "The Fastest Two Minutes in Sports" in reference to its approximate duration, it is the first leg of the American Triple Crown and is followed by the Preakness Stakes the Belmont Stakes. Unlike the Preakness and Belmont Stakes, which took hiatuses in 1891–1893 and 1911–1912 the Kentucky Derby has been run every consecutive year since 1875; the Derby and Belmont all were run every year throughout the Great Depression and both World Wars. A horse must win all three races to win the Triple Crown.
In the 2015 listing of the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities, the Kentucky Derby tied with the Whitney Handicap as the top Grade 1 race in the United States outside the Breeders' Cup races. The attendance at the Kentucky Derby ranks first in North America and surpasses the attendance of all other stakes races including the Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes, the Breeders' Cup. In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr. grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting Epsom in Surrey where The Derby had been running annually since 1780. From there, Clark went on to Paris, where in 1863, a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club and had organized the Grand Prix de Paris at Longchamp, which at the time was the greatest race in France. Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build quality racing facilities just outside the city; the track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for John and Henry Churchill, who provided the land for the racetrack.
The racetrack was incorporated as Churchill Downs in 1937. The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1 1/2 miles the same distance as the Epsom Derby; the distance was changed in 1896 to its current 1 1/4 miles. On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, trained by future Hall of Famer Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby; that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes. Although the first race meeting proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby became the preeminent stakes race for three-year-old thoroughbred horses in North America.
Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete in the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, followed by the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered large purses and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races. However, the term Triple Crown didn't come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term was coined, the race, run in mid-May since inception, was changed to the first Saturday in May to allow for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby.
On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes. On May 16, 1925, the first live radio broadcast of the Kentucky Derby was originated by WHAS and was carried by WGN in Chicago. On May 7, 1949, the first television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, produced by WAVE-TV, the NBC affiliate in Louisville; this coverage was aired live in the Louisville market and sent to NBC as a kinescope newsreel recording for national broadcast. On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place, aired from then-CBS affiliate WHAS-TV. In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968, Dancer's Image became the first horse to win the race and be disqualified after traces of phenylbutazone, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug, were found in the horse's urinalysis. Forward Pass thus became the eighth winner for Calumet Farm. Unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone.
In 1970, Diane Crump became the first female jockey to ride in the Derby, finishing 15th aboard Fathom. The fastest time run in the Derby was set in 1973 at 1
Douglas F. "Doug" O'Neill is an American Thoroughbred horse trainer. He was born in Dearborn and resides in California, where he trained the 2012 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner, I'll Have Another, 2016 Kentucky Derby winner Nyquist. O'Neill and his family reside in California. O'Neill was born in Dearborn and moved to Santa Monica, California when he was 10, where his father, took him to watch horse racing at Santa Anita Park. O'Neill became a hot walker while in high school went to work at Del Mar racetrack, obtained his trainer's license in 1989, his brother, helps select horses at auction for clients. By the early 2000s he was a major figure on the California racing scene, at one time had the largest stable in Southern California, one of the largest and most successful in the United States. O'Neill's first Grade 1 win; the win was the first time O'Neill had entered a horse in a Grade 1 race. He gained national attention for his Breeders' Cup wins and international recognition for winning the 2003 Japan Cup Dirt at Tokyo Racecourse.
J. Paul Reddam began sending horses to O'Neill in the mid-2000s and has since been one of O'Neill's most loyal clients. In 2006, O'Neill's horse Lava Man won the Santa Anita Derby, Hollywood Gold Cup, Pacific Classic. O'Neill's first horses to contest the Kentucky Derby were Liquidity and Great Hunter, both of whom raced in the 2007 Kentucky Derby. I'll Have Another, owned by Canadian J. Paul Reddam and trained by O'Neill, won the 2012 Kentucky Derby on May 5, 2012; the horse won the 2012 Preakness Stakes and was viewed as a potential Triple Crown winner. However, in the meantime, O'Neill's multiple violations of medication rules caught up with him and he was given a 45-day suspension, though because O'Neill's suspension was not set to begin prior to July 1, 2012, he was permitted to run I'll Have Another in the 2012 Belmont Stakes; the race featured tightened security, including a "detention barn" where all entrants had to be stabled together in a specially-designated barn, starting three days before the race.
Although dubbed the "O'Neill Rules" by the New York Post, the potential for a Triple Crown increased the scrutiny given the race. Furthermore, the New York Racing Association had been taken over by the state of New York earlier in the year due to problems with horse deaths and questions surrounding "exotic bets."O'Neill scratched I'll Have Another from the Belmont the day prior to the race, citing a tendon injury. The decision to scratch I'll Have Another was based on the O'Neill's monitoring of swelling in the horse's foreleg early in the week of the Belmont, confirmation by Dr. James Hunt, a New York-based veterinarian, that the horse risked further injury if he ran. Racing fans and some commentators speculated that O'Neill scratched I'll Have Another not because of a minor tendon injury, but because he "couldn't doctor the horse the way he needed to because of the detention barn." Others dismissed this as a conspiracy theory. John Sabini, chairman of the New York State Racing and Wagering Board stated that the decision to scratch the horse was disappointing but that the trainer and owner "put the welfare of the horse first, showing true horsemanship."
In 2015, O'Neill began to train another Reddam-owned colt. Nyquist went into the 2015 Breeders' Cup with an undefeated record, won the 2015 Breeders' Cup Juvenile and went on to become the Eclipse Award American Champion Two-Year-Old Male Horse. In 2016, the undefeated colt moved to an 8:8-0-0 record by winning the 2016 Kentucky Derby with jockey Mario Gutierrez, who had ridden I'll Have Another in 2012. In May 2012, after a two-year legal battle, the California Horse Racing Board found that O'Neill was responsible for a horse that tested with excess carbon dioxide levels above the permitted level of TCO2; as a result, though he was not found guilty of "milkshaking" the horse - providing an "illegal performance-enhancing mixture," O'Neill was deemed responsible for the animal's care, barred from horse racing for 45 days and fined $15,000. A few days after I'll Have Another won the 2012 Derby, The New York Times writers Joe Drape and Walt Bogdanich ran a story discussing O'Neill's extensive history of medication violations.
It ran on the front page of the paper. Additional criticism came from other quarters, including Frank Deford of NPR, who expressed his view that both O'Neill and the owner of I'll Have Another did not deserve to win the Belmont, describing O'Neill as "a charming enough character, but a drug cheat nonetheless." Due to the reports of multiple medication violations, O'Neill had been nicknamed "'Drug' O'Neill." However, some industry experts, such as Andrew Beyer of The Washington Post, felt that O'Neill was a skilled trainer who had made some mistakes but had been "maligned." Taking a middle ground, Bill Dwyre of the Los Angeles Times viewed O'Neill's violations as a "misdemeanor." Bogdanich found that O'Neill had 15 medication drug violations during his career and had "milkshaked" horses—an illegal treatment for fatigue that involves inserting a tube down a horse's esophagus to administer a mixture of substances. In a 2012 interview with NPR, Bogdanich criticized a lack of enforcement of drug rules in American horse racing, noting that although O'Neill faced a 180-day suspension for milkshaking, any punishment imposed upon him have would little impact on his livelihood: "He could turn it over to his assistants, his stable, never miss a beat.
The horses keep running. If they win, they keep getting their purses. You know, that's, they have law and order." In October 2012, the Los Angeles Times