Goleta is a city in southern Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It was incorporated as a city in 2002, after a long period as the largest unincorporated populated area in the county; as of the 2000 census, the census-designated place had a total population of 55,204. The population was 29,888 at the 2010 census, it is known for being near the University of California, Santa Barbara campus, although the CDP of Isla Vista is closer to the campus. The area of present-day Goleta was populated for thousands of years by the native Chumash people. Locally they became known by the Spanish as Canaliños because they lived along the coast adjacent to the Channel Islands. One of the largest villages, S'axpilil, was north of the Goleta Slough, not far from the present-day Santa Barbara Airport; the first European visitor to the Goleta area was the Spanish mariner Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who spent time around the Channel Islands in 1542, died there in 1543. During the 1980s, discovery of some 16th-century cannon on the beach led to the advancement of a theory that Sir Francis Drake sailed into the Goleta Slough in 1579.
Goleta is one of many alternative locations proposed for Drake's "New Albion" believed to be today's Drake's Bay, north of San Francisco. In 1602, another sailing expedition, led by Sebastian Vizcaino, visited the California Coast. Vizcaino named the channel Santa Barbara. Spanish ships associated with the Manila Galleon trade stopped in the area intermittently during the next 167 years, but no permanent settlements were established; the first land expedition to California, led by Gaspar de Portolà, spent several days in the area in 1769, on its way to Monterey Bay, spent the night of August 20 near a creek to the north of the Goleta estuary. At that time, the estuary was a large open-water lagoon that covered most of what is now the city of Goleta, extended as far north as Lake Los Carneros. There were at least five native towns in the area, the largest on an island in the middle of the lagoon. For that reason, expedition engineer Miguel Costanso called the group of towns Pueblos de la Isla.
Some of the soldiers called the island town Mescaltitlan, after a similar Aztec island town in Mexico. Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi, who accompanied the expedition, gave the towns the name Santa Margarita de Cortona; the island retained the name Mescalitan Island until it was bulldozed flat in 1941 to provide fill for the military airfield, now Goleta airport. The Wastewater Treatment Plant of the Goleta Sanitary District is located on what used to be the island. Portola returned to San Diego by the same route in January 1770, mounted a second expedition to Monterey that year. A second Spanish expedition came to the Santa Barbara area of Alta California in 1774, led by Juan Bautista de Anza. De Anza returned the next year, the road along the coast of Santa Barbara County soon became the El Camino Real, connecting the string of Spanish missions. An expedition in 1782, led by military governor Felipe de Neve, founded the Presidio of Santa Barbara and, soon thereafter, the Santa Barbara Mission.
The Goleta area, along with most of the coastal areas of today's Santa Barbara County, was placed in the jurisdiction of the presidio and mission. Sometime after the De Anza expeditions, a sailing ship was wrecked at the mouth of the lagoon, remained visible for many years, giving the area its current name. After Mexico became independent of Spain in 1821, most of the former mission ranch lands were divided up into large grants; the Goleta area became part of two adjacent ranchos. To the east of today's Fairview Avenue was Rancho La Goleta, named for the shipwreck and granted to Daniel A. Hill, the first American resident of Santa Barbara. An 1840s diseño of the rancho shows the wrecked ship; the parts of Goleta to the west of Fairview Avenue were in Rancho Dos Pueblos, granted in 1842 to Nicholas Den, son-in-law of Daniel Hill. Rancho Dos Pueblos included the lagoon, airport, UCSB and Isla Vista, extending to the west as far as the eastern boundary of today's El Capitan State Beach; the Goleta Valley was a prominent lemon-growing region during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was agricultural.
Several areas the Ellwood Mesa, were developed for oil and natural gas extraction. In the 1920s, aviation pioneers started using portions of the Goleta Slough that had silted-in due to agriculture to land and takeoff; as former tidelands, the title to these lands was unclear. Starting in 1940, boosters from the city of Santa Barbara lobbied and obtained federal funding and passed a bond measure to formally develop an airport on the Goleta Slough; the necessity for an airport – or at least a military airfield – became more apparent after a Japanese submarine shelled the Ellwood Oil Field in 1942. This was one of the few direct-fire attacks on the U. S. mainland during WWII. The Marine Corps undertook completion of the airport and established Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara on the site of the current airport and University of California, Santa Barbara campus. After the war, Goleta Valley residents supported the construction of Lake Cachuma, which provided water, enabling a housing boom and the establishment of research and aerospace firms in the area.
In 1954, the University of California, Santa Barbara moved to part of the former Marine base. Along with the boom in aerospace, the character changed from rural-agricultural to high-tech. Goleta remains a center for high-tech firms, a bedroom community for neighboring Santa Barbara. Go
Antelope Valley Transit Authority
Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Northern Los Angeles County. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is operated under contract by Transdev, is affiliated with and offers connecting services with Metro and Metrolink; the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works jointly created the Antelope Valley Transit Authority in 1992 to meet the growing need for public transportation in the Antelope Valley. AVTA began local transit service on July 1, 1992 with three types of services: Transit and Dial-A-Ride. A fourth service, Access Services, was created in 1996 to provide the disabled with a local complementary paratransit service in line with the Americans with Disabilities Act. AVTA openedd a larger facility in 2004 to accommodate increased demand. On March 17, 2017, the system suffered a temporary strike by its drivers; the dispute was between the driver's union the system operator Transdev. After making their statement, the drivers elected to return to service by March 19 while negotiations between the parties continued.
However the drivers went on strike again, May 3 was the third walkout. As the dispute continued, drivers were locked out on August 22. AVTA has tripled the number of passenger trips in just over a decade of operation. To keep up with the increased need for transit services, AVTA opened a new, larger maintenance facility in Lancaster. AVTA pays for a much higher share of its costs through fares compared to other transit systems in Los Angeles County. AVTA offers some of its customers an innovative program designed to assist those in need, as well as a program to show appreciation to our armed forces, AVTA permits seniors and passengers who have a disability, with proper ID, to utilize its local bus system for free, during regular business hours. Pam Holland, spokesperson for AVTA, says, "This program offers those in need, a hand up, in their everyday life, some of which can't afford a car, let alone bus fare, now have the freedom, to use our system throughout the Antelope Valley, going grocery shopping, paying their bills, or going to their doctor's appointment for free on our local fixed routes, we are happy to offer this service, as well as, letting our military ride the local transit system for free as well, in appreciation of their sacrifice to our country."
In 2017, AVTA became the first transit agency in the United States to operate a 60-foot, articulated electric bus. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors recognized AVTA as an “Efficient Transit System”; the California Transit Association gave a “Transit Innovation Award” to AVTA in 1998 and a “Transit Image Award” in 1999. Commuter Services provides service to and from to major places of employment outside of the Antelope Valley. Commuter Services service is only operated Monday - Friday. Official website
Pasadena Transit known as Pasadena Area Rapid Transit System, is a city-operated local bus service in Pasadena, United States. It was formed in 1994 coinciding with the kickoff of the World Cup at the Rose Bowl as a free service of the City of Pasadena. In 2003, fares were introduced. In December 2015, the agency changed its name to Pasadena Transit. Pasadena Transit consists of 8 routes in the City of Pasadena. All routes connect with the Metro Gold Line. Effective July 1, 2018, service is operated seven days a week, with the exception of six major holidays; the Pasadena-Altadena Regional Trolley System is a proposed heritage streetcar system that would connect Altadena and Pasadena City College. No dates for this proposal have been set. Gold Line
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
The Arlington Theatre is the largest movie theater and principal performing arts venue in Santa Barbara, United States. In addition to regular screenings and artists, it is home to many events associated with the annual Santa Barbara International Film Festival. Located at 1317 State Street, the Arlington was built in 1931 on the former site of the Arlington Hotel, destroyed following the 1925 earthquake; the current structure was erected in 1930 as a showcase movie house for Fox West Coast Theaters. It was expanded in the mid-1970s by Metropolitan Theaters Corporation, it opened in its current incarnation in 1976. The Arlington was designed in the Mission Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival styles in a period when Santa Barbara was being rebuilt in that style following a powerful earthquake in 1925; the exterior has a Mission Revival steeple. The red tiled building features a covered courtyard with a free-standing ticket booth; the interior is elaborately decorated. The ceilings of the lobbies are beamed and painted.
The auditorium itself seats 2,018 on balcony. It is built to give theatergoers the impression that they are sitting outside in the plaza of a colonial Spanish town, each wall features houses and balconies, not painted on but built out from the walls; the proscenium, in the original theater, was formed by what appeared to be a large stone arc, through which could be seen a river and hills Today, this effect is gone, the proscenium is topped by the equipment necessary for lighting stage shows. The original ceiling remains to give patrons the impression that they are sitting outdoors under the stars. One of the Arlington's signature features is a Robert Morton pipe organ from the Loew's Jersey Theatre, installed in 1949. Hidden below the orchestra floor, the organ’s console rises on a platform into view when played at a performance; the Arlington Theatre was designed by the Santa Barbara architectural firm of Plunkett. The Arlington Theatre - Venue Official Website Santa Barbara Film Festival - Main page features photo illustration of the Arlington marquee
Angels Flight is a landmark 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge funicular railway in the Bunker Hill district of Downtown Los Angeles, California. It has two funicular cars and Olivet, running in opposite directions on a shared cable on the 298 feet long inclined railway; the funicular has operated on two different sites. The original Angels Flight location, with tracks connecting Hill Street and Olive Street, operated from 1901 until it was closed in 1969, when its site was cleared for redevelopment; the second Angels Flight location opened one half block south of the original location in 1996, with tracks connecting Hill Street and California Plaza. It was shut down in 2001, following a fatal accident, took nine years to commence operations again; the railroad restarted operations on March 15, 2010. It was closed again from June 10, 2011, to July 5, 2011, again after a minor derailment incident on September 5, 2013; the investigation of this 2013 incident led to the discovery of serious safety problems in both the design and the operation of the funicular.
Before the 2013 service suspension, the cost of a one-way ride was 50 cents. After safety enhancements were completed, Angels Flight reopened for public service on August 31, 2017, now charging $1 for a one-way ride. Although it was marketed as a tourist novelty, it was used by local workers to travel between the Downtown Historic Core and Bunker Hill. In 2015, the executive director of the nearby REDCAT arts center described the railroad as an important "economic link", there was pressure for the city to fund and re-open the railroad. Built in 1901 with financing from Colonel J. W. Eddy, as the "Los Angeles Incline Railway", Angels Flight began at the west corner of Hill Street at Third and ran for two blocks uphill to its Olive Street terminus. Angels Flight consisted of two vermillion "boarding stations" and two cars, named Sinai and Olivet, pulled up the steep incline by metal cables powered by engines at the upper Olive Street station; as one car ascended, the other descended, carried down by gravity.
An archway labeled "Angels Flight" greeted passengers on the Hill Street entrance, this name became the official name of the railway in 1912 when the Funding Company of California purchased the railway from its founders. The original Angels Flight was a conventional funicular, with both cars connected to the same haulage cable. Unlike more modern funiculars it did not have track brakes for use in the event of cable breakage, but it did have a separate safety cable which would come into play in case of breakage of the main cable, it operated for 68 years with a good safety record. During operation in its original location, the railroad was owned and operated by six additional companies following Colonel Eddy. In 1912 Eddy sold the railroad to Funding Company of Los Angeles who in turn sold it to Continental Securities Company in 1914. Robert W. Moore, an engineer for Continental Securities, purchased Angels Flight in 1946. In 1952 Lester B. Moreland and Byron Linville, a prominent banker at Security First National Bank, purchased it from Moore and the following year Lester B.
Moreland's family purchased Byron Linville's interest in the Railway. In 1962 the city forced Moreland to sell though condemnation and the city's redevelopment agency hired Oliver & Williams Elevator Company to run it until it was shut down on May 18, 1969; the following day the dismantling began and the cars were hauled away to be stored in a warehouse. The railroad's arch, station house, drinking fountain, other artifacts were taken to an outdoor storage yard in Gardena, California; the only fatality that involved the original Angels Flight occurred in the autumn of 1943, when a sailor attempting to walk up the track itself was crushed beneath one of the cars. In November 1952, the Beverly Hills Parlor of the Native Daughters of the Golden West erected a plaque to commemorate fifty years of service by the railway; the plaque reads: Built in 1901 by Colonel J. W. Eddy, lawyer and friend of President Abraham Lincoln, Angels Flight is said to be the world's shortest incorporated railway; the counterbalanced cars, controlled by cables, travel a 33 percent grade for 315 feet.
It is estimated that Angels Flight has carried more passengers per mile than any other railway in the world, over a hundred million in its first fifty years. This incline railway is a public utility operating under a franchise granted by the City of Los Angeles. In 1962, at its first meeting, the city's new Cultural Heritage Board designated Angels Flight a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, along with four other locations. Los Angeles was early in enacting preservation laws, the first sites chosen each were "considered threatened to some extent," according to the history of the board, now the Cultural Heritage Commission; the railway was closed on May 18, 1969 when the Bunker Hill area underwent a controversial total redevelopment which destroyed and displaced a community of 22,000 working-class families renting rooms in architecturally significant but run-down buildings, to a modern mixed-use district of high-rise commercial buildings and modern apartment and condominium complexes. Both of the Angels Flight cars and Olivet, were placed in storage at 1200 S. Olive Street, Los Angeles.
This was the location of Linda Kastner's United Business Interiors. At this location the Kastners maintained "The Bandstand," a private museum; the Bandstand featured antique coin-operated musical instruments where one of the cars was on display in the museum. Olivet was stored in the garage of the building, they were stored at this loc
Isla Vista, California
Isla Vista is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Santa Barbara County, California in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the CDP had a population of 23,096; the majority of residents are college students at nearby University of California, Santa Barbara or at Santa Barbara City College. The beachside community lies on a flat plateau about 30 feet in elevation, separated from the beach by a bluff. Isla Vista enjoys a Mediterranean climate and has less precipitation than either Santa Barbara or the adjacent community of Goleta. Isla Vista is located on a south-facing portion of the Santa Barbara County coast, between Coal Oil Point and Campus Point in view of the Channel Islands. During El Niño years, precipitation in Isla Vista can be excessive and dangerous; some homes and apartments built on the south side of Del Playa Drive, most popular with students due to their direct ocean views, are in danger of collapse, since they are built on quickly-eroding bluffs thirty to sixty feet above the Pacific Ocean.
Recent erosion has exposed foundation supports in several of the properties closest to the university campus, UCSB. As Isla Vista is on the south coast of Santa Barbara County, which has some of the highest housing prices in the United States, the student population shares densely packed housing with a working class Hispanic population. Since Isla Vista has not been annexed by either Goleta or Santa Barbara, remaining unincorporated, only county funds are available for civic projects. Isla Vista is home to a student housing cooperative, the Santa Barbara Student Housing Coop, as well as a food cooperative, the Isla Vista Food Co-op; the earliest human occupants of Isla Vista were their forebears. They called the Isla Vista mesa Anisq'oyo and had permanent settlements near Cheadle Hall and the 217 entrance on the UCSB Campus; the Franciscan Fathers encouraged the Chumash to remove to the Santa Barbara Mission. The Isla Vista mesa was part of the Mexican land grant Rancho Dos Pueblos made in 1842 to Nicolas A. Den.
Den's son, Alfonso Den, inherited the land. He and some of his nine siblings were plaintiffs in a famous lawsuit. San Francisco lawyer Thomas B. Bishop sued Hollister on behalf of the Den children in 1876, won the case in 1885. Bishop took much of the prime land owned by the Den children as a legal fee, to this day some of that land, in the city of Goleta near Glen Annie Road, is called the Bishop Ranch; the least attractive land was left to the Den children, that included the Rincon Ranch, at that time the name of the entire Isla Vista mesa, from present-day UCSB west to Coal Oil Point. The Rincon is the corner; the Rincon Ranch had little fresh water, was marginal for agriculture, was split between three of the Den children: Augusto Den, who had mental disabilities, got the land that now forms the UCSB Main Campus and Alfonso got the land, now Isla Vista. A portion of Alfonso Den's land was purchased for $100 in gold by John and Pauline Ilharreguy, residents of Fillmore in 1915; the Ilharreguys arranged in 1925 the subdivision of the central tract they named Isla Vista, laid out and named the four streets closest to the bluff: Del Playa, Sabado Tarde and Pasado.
The tract between Isla Vista and today's UCSB campus, owned by two Santa Barbara attorneys and partners Alfred W. Robertson and James R. Thompson, was subdivided and named Ocean Terrace in 1926; the third tract that comprises today's Isla Vista, Orilla Del Mar, to the west of the Isla Vista tract, was owned by two Santa Barbara sisters and Brenda Moody, was subdivided in 1926. The Isla Vista subdivisions are the earliest urban subdivisions performed in the Goleta Valley in the 20th century; the narrow streets of Isla Vista are characteristic of 1920s land planning. Plans for water, road building, sewage were not made in the 1920s; some of the speculation was related to ocean-front real estate, but an important motive was the likelihood of oil reserves' being accessible from Isla Vista property. To aid speculation, the lots in the subdivision were narrow, mineral rights were pooled among blocks of lots; some oil was found, but the wells did not sustain oil production, unlike the productive Ellwood Oil Field just to the west of Isla Vista.
Royalties from the Ellwood field paid for a large portion of the costs of construction of Santa Barbara County's famed courthouse. An oil deposit about one mile south of Isla Vista under the Santa Barbara Channel, known as the South Ellwood field, was found, but has never been developed, due to local political opposition after the 1969 Santa Barbara oil spill; the South Ellwood field contains upward of 100 million barrels of oil, attempts by ARCO and by Mobil to develop the field have been rebuffed by local opposition. Though the Isla Vista lots were sold to several hundr