Stearns Wharf is a pier at the cross section of the end of State Street and Cabrillo, in the harbor in Santa Barbara, United States. When completed In 1872, it became the longest deep-water pier between San Francisco. Named for its builder, local lumberman John P. Stearns, the wharf served the passenger and freight shipping needs of California's South Coast for over a quarter century. Before the wharf and cargo had to be rowed ashore through the breakers and kelp. Despite the great convenience offered by the wharf, Santa Barbara remained a fair-weather harbor with an acute need for a breakwater. During December 1878, storms washed away more than 1,000 feet of the wharf. Despite these losses, it would be another 52 years; when the railroad reached Santa Barbara in 1877, Stearns added another spur to the wharf, providing a necessary transport link to his lumberyard and the nearby Southern Pacific Depot. The spur was damaged by severe storms in the early 20th century and was abandoned in 1923; the Harbor Restaurant was built on the wharf in 1941, marking an end to the shipping and transportation era of the 19th century.
The restaurant proved to be the economic backbone of the wharf. Since its beginning, Stearns Wharf has had several natural and economic disasters, from the big earthquake in 1925 to a fire in 1973 which caused its closing; the wharf stayed closed for six years until restorations were completed in 1981. Another fire in the winter of 1998 devastated the last hundred and fifty feet of the wharf, including Moby Dick Restaurant. Though the rest of the wharf remained open during this period, the rebuilding took over two years. Stearns Wharf stands today as Santa Barbara's most visited landmark. Stearns Wharf is a great place for locals and tourists of all ages to eat, fish, or walk and enjoy the view. There are 17 businesses on the Wharf open to the public, ranging from restaurants, wine tastings, souvenir shops, smaller eateries, such as an ice cream parlor and candy store. Kiosks hours are 7am - 10pm, business hours vary depending on each location. Parking is not a problem, with many lots on the pier.
A complimentary valet service is available for all customers. The first 90 minutes are free, with a fee of $2.50 for part of an hour, thereafter. The max daily rate is $20, the lost ticket fee. There are various parking spaces off Cabrillo and the areas across Cabrillo. Take note of the parking signs to avoid any parking tickets. During the summer, parking is harder to find due to the higher tourist traffic on the pier. Official website Stearns Wharf — Near-Shore Real-Time Oceanographic Data Edhat.com: info on Stearns Wharf
Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach
Thruway Motorcoach is Amtrak's system of Amtrak-owned intercity coaches, locally contracted transit buses, through-ticketed local bus routes, taxi services to connect Amtrak train stations to areas not served by its railroads, or stations which are disconnected temporarily due to service delays or track maintenance issues. Train and Thruway Motorcoach tickets are purchased together from Amtrak for the length of a passenger's journey, the connections are timed for convenient dedicated and guaranteed-reliable transfers between the two services. In addition to providing connecting service to unserved areas, some Thruway Motorcoaches operate as redundant service along well-established passenger rail corridors to add extra capacity. Due to California state law, tickets for California routes are sold only as part of train journeys. Amtrak establishes temporary Thruway Motorcoach service when normal rail service encounters disruptions. Philadelphia to Atlantic City, New Jersey Philadelphia to Allentown and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, Pennsylvania Newport News to Virginia Beach, Virginia Pittsburgh to Cleveland, Ohio New York City to LaGuardia Airport/JFK Airport Portland, Maine to Bangor Boston to Newburyport, Massachusetts/Portsmouth, New Hampshire New London, Connecticut to Foxwoods Casino Boston to Manchester/Concord/Berlin, New Hampshire Boston to Manchester/Concord/Littleton, New Hampshire Wilmington, Delaware to Dover, Delaware/Salisbury, Maryland BWI Airport Amtrak station to Kent Island/Easton/Cambridge/Salisbury/Ocean Pines/Ocean City, Maryland BWI Airport Amtrak station to Frederick/Hagerstown/Cumberland/Grantsville, Maryland Buffalo to Jamestown, New York Westport, New York to Lake Placid, New York Albany, New York to Bennington/Manchester, Vermont Jacksonville to Lakeland, Florida via Ocala DeLand, Florida to Daytona Beach Has been terminated Orlando/Tampa to St. Petersburg/Fort Myers, Florida Palatka, Florida to St. Augustine/Gainesville High Point, North Carolina to Winston-Salem Washington, D.
C. to Charlottesville, Virginia Charlottesville to Richmond, Virginia Wilson, North Carolina to numerous cities in eastern North Carolina. Tuscaloosa, Alabama to Mobile, Alabama Meridian, Mississippi to Dallas Charleston, West Virginia to numerous cities in northern West Virginia Chicago/Indianapolis to Louisville, Kentucky Carbondale, Illinois to St. Louis New Orleans to Baton Rouge Battle Creek, Michigan to Flint Kalamazoo, Michigan to St. Ignace Indianapolis to Galesburg, Illinois/Davenport, Iowa Kansas City, Missouri to Oklahoma City via Tulsa Milwaukee to Oshkosh, Wisconsin/Wausau, Wisconsin Milwaukee to Houghton, Michigan Milwaukee to Minneapolis/St. Paul via Eau Claire, Wisconsin Chicago to Rockford, Illinois/Madison, Wisconsin Galesburg, Illinois to Springfield, Illinois St. Paul-Minneapolis to Duluth, Minnesota Toledo, Ohio to East Lansing, Michigan via Detroit and Ann Arbor, Michigan Newton, Kansas to Oklahoma City via Wichita. Albuquerque to El Paso Denver to Colorado Springs/Pueblo Denver to Glenwood Springs, Colorado Flagstaff to Williams/Grand Canyon Flagstaff to Phoenix Flagstaff to Sedona Kingman to Phoenix Lake Havasu to Phoenix Lamy, New Mexico to Santa Fe, New Mexico Los Angeles to Las Vegas Longview, Texas to Shreveport, Louisiana Longview to Houston/Galveston Grand Canyon to Phoenix Houston to Galveston Maricopa to Phoenix Nogales to Phoenix Oklahoma City to Kansas City, Missouri via Tulsa Page to Phoenix Payson to Phoenix Raton, New Mexico to Denver Salt Lake City to Boise Salt Lake City to Las Vegas San Antonio to Laredo (t
Goleta is a city in southern Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It was incorporated as a city in 2002, after a long period as the largest unincorporated populated area in the county; as of the 2000 census, the census-designated place had a total population of 55,204. The population was 29,888 at the 2010 census, it is known for being near the University of California, Santa Barbara campus, although the CDP of Isla Vista is closer to the campus. The area of present-day Goleta was populated for thousands of years by the native Chumash people. Locally they became known by the Spanish as Canaliños because they lived along the coast adjacent to the Channel Islands. One of the largest villages, S'axpilil, was north of the Goleta Slough, not far from the present-day Santa Barbara Airport; the first European visitor to the Goleta area was the Spanish mariner Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who spent time around the Channel Islands in 1542, died there in 1543. During the 1980s, discovery of some 16th-century cannon on the beach led to the advancement of a theory that Sir Francis Drake sailed into the Goleta Slough in 1579.
Goleta is one of many alternative locations proposed for Drake's "New Albion" believed to be today's Drake's Bay, north of San Francisco. In 1602, another sailing expedition, led by Sebastian Vizcaino, visited the California Coast. Vizcaino named the channel Santa Barbara. Spanish ships associated with the Manila Galleon trade stopped in the area intermittently during the next 167 years, but no permanent settlements were established; the first land expedition to California, led by Gaspar de Portolà, spent several days in the area in 1769, on its way to Monterey Bay, spent the night of August 20 near a creek to the north of the Goleta estuary. At that time, the estuary was a large open-water lagoon that covered most of what is now the city of Goleta, extended as far north as Lake Los Carneros. There were at least five native towns in the area, the largest on an island in the middle of the lagoon. For that reason, expedition engineer Miguel Costanso called the group of towns Pueblos de la Isla.
Some of the soldiers called the island town Mescaltitlan, after a similar Aztec island town in Mexico. Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi, who accompanied the expedition, gave the towns the name Santa Margarita de Cortona; the island retained the name Mescalitan Island until it was bulldozed flat in 1941 to provide fill for the military airfield, now Goleta airport. The Wastewater Treatment Plant of the Goleta Sanitary District is located on what used to be the island. Portola returned to San Diego by the same route in January 1770, mounted a second expedition to Monterey that year. A second Spanish expedition came to the Santa Barbara area of Alta California in 1774, led by Juan Bautista de Anza. De Anza returned the next year, the road along the coast of Santa Barbara County soon became the El Camino Real, connecting the string of Spanish missions. An expedition in 1782, led by military governor Felipe de Neve, founded the Presidio of Santa Barbara and, soon thereafter, the Santa Barbara Mission.
The Goleta area, along with most of the coastal areas of today's Santa Barbara County, was placed in the jurisdiction of the presidio and mission. Sometime after the De Anza expeditions, a sailing ship was wrecked at the mouth of the lagoon, remained visible for many years, giving the area its current name. After Mexico became independent of Spain in 1821, most of the former mission ranch lands were divided up into large grants; the Goleta area became part of two adjacent ranchos. To the east of today's Fairview Avenue was Rancho La Goleta, named for the shipwreck and granted to Daniel A. Hill, the first American resident of Santa Barbara. An 1840s diseño of the rancho shows the wrecked ship; the parts of Goleta to the west of Fairview Avenue were in Rancho Dos Pueblos, granted in 1842 to Nicholas Den, son-in-law of Daniel Hill. Rancho Dos Pueblos included the lagoon, airport, UCSB and Isla Vista, extending to the west as far as the eastern boundary of today's El Capitan State Beach; the Goleta Valley was a prominent lemon-growing region during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was agricultural.
Several areas the Ellwood Mesa, were developed for oil and natural gas extraction. In the 1920s, aviation pioneers started using portions of the Goleta Slough that had silted-in due to agriculture to land and takeoff; as former tidelands, the title to these lands was unclear. Starting in 1940, boosters from the city of Santa Barbara lobbied and obtained federal funding and passed a bond measure to formally develop an airport on the Goleta Slough; the necessity for an airport – or at least a military airfield – became more apparent after a Japanese submarine shelled the Ellwood Oil Field in 1942. This was one of the few direct-fire attacks on the U. S. mainland during WWII. The Marine Corps undertook completion of the airport and established Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara on the site of the current airport and University of California, Santa Barbara campus. After the war, Goleta Valley residents supported the construction of Lake Cachuma, which provided water, enabling a housing boom and the establishment of research and aerospace firms in the area.
In 1954, the University of California, Santa Barbara moved to part of the former Marine base. Along with the boom in aerospace, the character changed from rural-agricultural to high-tech. Goleta remains a center for high-tech firms, a bedroom community for neighboring Santa Barbara. Go
San Luis Obispo station
San Luis Obispo is a passenger rail station in the city of San Luis Obispo, United States. The station is staffed with ticketing and checked baggage services; the present Spanish Colonial Revival architecture style depot was built by the Southern Pacific Railroad and completed in 1942. It replaced the original SP depot, located just south of the current one, that had opened in 1895; when the present depot was opened, the former depot was utilized as a freight depot until 1968, when it was shuttered. It was demolished to make room for a parking lot in 1971; the station is the northern terminus of Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner from San Luis Obispo to San Diego and it serves the Coast Starlight from Seattle, Washington to Los Angeles. Four Pacific Surfliner trains and two Coast Starlight trains serve the station daily. Of the 74 California stations served by Amtrak, San Luis Obispo was the 27th-busiest in FY2012, boarding or detraining an average of 297 passengers daily. Media related to San Luis Obispo at Wikimedia Commons Amtrak California Station Info PageSan Luis Obispo, CA – Amtrak San Luis Obispo --Great American Stations
Southern Pacific Transportation Company
The Southern Pacific was an American Class I railroad network that existed from 1865 to 1998 that operated in the Western United States. The system was operated by various companies under the names Southern Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Company and Southern Pacific Transportation Company; the original Southern Pacific began in 1865 as a land holding company. The last incarnation of the Southern Pacific, the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, was founded in 1969 and assumed control of the Southern Pacific system; the Southern Pacific Transportation Company was acquired by the Union Pacific Corporation and merged with their Union Pacific Railroad. The Southern Pacific Transportation Company was the surviving railroad as it absorbed the Union Pacific Railroad and changed its name to "Union Pacific Railroad"; the Southern Pacific Transportation Company is now the current incarnation of the Union Pacific Railroad. The Southern Pacific legacy founded hospitals in San Francisco, Tucson and elsewhere.
In the 1970s, it founded a telecommunications network with a state-of-the-art microwave and fiber optic backbone. This telecommunications network became part of Sprint, a company whose name came from the acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Networking Telephony; the original Southern Pacific, Southern Pacific Railroad, was founded as a land holding company in 1865 acquiring the Central Pacific Railroad through leasing. By 1900, the Southern Pacific system was a major railroad system incorporating many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgan's Louisiana and Texas Railroad, it extended from New Orleans through Texas to El Paso, across New Mexico and through Tucson, to Los Angeles, through most of California, including San Francisco and Sacramento. Central Pacific lines extended east across Nevada to Ogden and reached north through Oregon to Portland. Other subsidiaries included the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, El Paso and Southwestern Railroad, the Northwestern Pacific Railroad at 328 miles, the 1,331-mile Southern Pacific Railroad of Mexico, a variety of 3 ft narrow gauge routes.
The SP was the defendant in the landmark 1886 United States Supreme Court case Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad, interpreted as having established certain corporate rights under the Constitution of the United States; the Southern Pacific Railroad was replaced by the Southern Pacific Company and assumed the railroad operations of the Southern Pacific Railroad. In 1929, Southern Pacific/Texas and New Orleans operated 13,848 route-miles not including Cotton Belt, whose purchase of the Golden State Route circa 1980 nearly doubled its size to 3,085 miles, bringing total SP/SSW mileage to around 13,508 miles. In 1969, the Southern Pacific Transportation Company was established and took over the Southern Pacific Company. By the 1980s, route mileage had dropped to 10,423 miles due to the pruning of branch lines. In 1988, the Southern Pacific Transportation Company was taken over by Rio Grande Industries, the parent company that controlled the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. Rio Grande Industries did not merge the Southern Pacific Transportation Company and the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad together, but transferred direct ownership of the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad to the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, allowing the combined Rio Grande Industries railroad system to use the Southern Pacific name due to its brand recognition in the railroad industry and with customers of both the Southern Pacific Transportation Company and the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad.
A long time Southern Pacific subsidiary, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway was marketed under the Southern Pacific name. Along with the addition of the SPCSL Corporation route from Chicago to St. Louis, the total length of the D&RGW/SP/SSW system was 15,959 miles. Rio Grande Industries was renamed Southern Pacific Rail Corporation. By 1996, years of financial problems had dropped Southern Pacific's mileage to 13,715 miles; the financial problems caused the Southern Pacific Transportation Company to be taken over by the Union Pacific Corporation. The Union Pacific Corporation merged the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway and the SPCSL Corporation into their Union Pacific Railroad, but did not merge the Southern Pacific Transportation Company into the Union Pacific Railroad. Instead, the Union Pacific Corporation merged the Union Pacific Railroad into the Southern Pacific Transportation Company in 1998; the Southern Pacific Transportation Company became the current incarnation of the Union Pacific Railroad.
Like most railroads, the SP painted most of its steam locomotives black during the 20th century, but after 1945 SP painted the front of the locomotive's smokebox silver (almost
Carpinteria is a passenger rail station in the city of Carpinteria, California. It is served by Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner from San Luis Obispo to San Diego. Ten Pacific Surfliner trains serve the station daily; the station consists only of an open-air shelter. Of the 73 California stations served by Amtrak, Carpinteria was the 48th-busiest in FY2010, boarding or detraining an average of 55 passengers daily; this station is located in Santa Barbara County. Amtrak California Station Info Page Carpinteria Amtrak Station Carpinteria --Great American Stations
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a