Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America and the Philippines that referred to a person of combined European and Indigenous American descent, regardless of where the person was born. The term was used as an ethnic/racial category in the casta system, in use during the Spanish Empire's control of its American and Asian colonies. Nowadays though in Spanish America, mestizo has become more of a cultural term, with culturally mainstream Latin Americans regarded or termed as mestizos regardless of their actual ancestry and with the term Indian being reserved for people who have maintained a separate indigenous ethnic identity, tribal affiliation, etc. Today, the vast majority of Spanish-speaking Latin Americans are regarded as mestizos; the term mestizaje – taking as its root mestizo or mixed – is the Spanish word for miscegenation, the general process of mixing ancestries. To avoid confusion with the original usage of the term mestizo, mixed people started to be referred to collectively as castas.
In some Latin American countries, such as Mexico, the concept of the mestizo became central to the formation of a new independent identity, neither wholly Spanish nor wholly indigenous, the word mestizo acquired its current meaning, it being used by the government to refer to all Mexicans who do not speak indigenous languages, including people of complete European or indigenous descent as well as Asians and Africans. In colonial Venezuela, pardo was more used instead of mestizo. Pardo means being mixed without specifying which mixture. In the Spanish system of racial hierarchy, the sistema de castas, mestizos/pardos, who formed the majority, had fewer rights than the minority elite European-born persons called peninsulares, the minority white colonial-born whites criollo, but more rights than the now-minority indio, negro and zambo populations; the Portuguese cognate, mestiço referred to any mixture of Portuguese and local populations in the Portuguese colonies. In colonial Brazil most of the non-slave population was mestiço de indio, i.e. mixed white and native Brazilian.
There was no descent-based casta system, children of upper class white landlord males and female slaves would enjoy privileges higher than the ones given to the lower classes, such as formal education, though such cases were not so common and they tended to not inherit property given to the children of free women, who tended to be legitimate offspring in cases of concubinage. In Portuguese India the mixed population was known as mestiços and the local Indian Christians as indiacatos. In the Philippines, a colony of Spain, the term mestizo came to refer to a Filipino with any foreign ancestry white, shortened as Tisoy. In Indonesia, the term mestizo refers to ethnicity, a mixture of Europeans and native Indonesians, they are called as Indo people. In Canada, the Métis people is a distinct community composed of the descendants of Europeans involved in the fur trade and North American Indigenous peoples of what is now Western Canada. In Saint Barthélemy, the term mestizo refers to people of East Asian ancestry.
The Spanish word mestizo is from Latin mixticius, meaning mixed. Its usage has been documented as early as 1275, to refer to the offspring of an Egyptian and a Semite; this term was first documented in English in 1582. In the United States and other English-speaking countries and cultures, mestizo, as a loanword from Spanish, is used to mean a non-white of mixed European and American Indian descent generally with connection to a Latin American culture or of Latin American descent, a concept much stricter than that found in Romance languages, it is related to the particular racial identity of historical non-white Amerindian-descended Hispanic and Latino American communities in an American context. In English-speaking Canada, Canadian Métis, as a loanword from French, refers to persons of mixed French and Indigenous ancestry. French-speaking Canadians, when using the word métis, are referring to Canadian Métis ethnicity, all persons of mixed Amerindian and European ancestry, rather than the broader concept of mixed-race people in general, present in all other French-speaking countries, as would speakers of Spanish.
In the United States, Métis Americans and Mestizo Americans are two distinct racial and ethno-racial identities, as reflected in the use of French and Spanish loanwords, respectively. In the Philippines, the word mestizo refers to a Filipino with combined Indigenous and European ancestry, but it will be used for a Filipino with apparent Chinese ancestry, who will be referred to as'chinito'; the latter was listed as a "mestizo de sangley" in birth records of the 19th century, with'sangley' as a reference to the Hokkienese word for business,'seng-li'. In the Portuguese-speaking world, the contemporary sense has been the closest to the historical usage from the Middle Ages, because of important linguistic differences, so that mestiço is separated altoget
Chimborazo is a province in the central Ecuadorian Andes. It is a home to a section of Sangay National Park; the capital is Riobamba. The province contains Ecuador's highest mountain; the province is divided into 10 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the time of the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat or capital. Town's in the province include Cacha. Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010: Mestizo 58.4% Indigenous 38.0% White 2.2% Afro-Ecuadorian 1.1% Montubio 0.3% Other 0.1% Cantons of Ecuador Provinces of Ecuador Sangay National Park Opportunitas aequa Gobierno de la Provincia de Chimborazo, official website Radio Mundial Riobamba Chimborazo area map
Esmeraldas is a province in northwestern Ecuador. The capital is Esmeraldas; the province is home to the Afro-Ecuadorian culture. Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010: Mestizo 44.7% Afro-Ecuadorian 43.9% White 5.9% Indigenous 2.8% Montubio 2.4% Other 0.3% The province is divided into 7 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the time of the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat or capital; the cantons are divided into many parroquias: In Muisne: Bellavista Daule Maldonado Muisne Pedro Carlo Tola Union of Daule Cantons of Ecuador Provinces of Ecuador
Carchi is a province in Ecuador. The capital is Tulcán; the Carchi River rises on the slopes of Chiles volcano and forms the boundary between Colombia and Ecuador near Tulcan. Rumichaca Bridge is the most important land route between Ecuador; the provincial economy is based on industrial, agriculture productions. Carchi produces food, drinks and dairy products; the agriculture sector produces potatoes, etc. The province is divided into 6 cantons; the following table lists each with its population at the 2010 census, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat or capital. Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010: Mestizo 86.9% Afro-Ecuadorian 6.4% Indigenous 3.4% White 2.9% Montubio 0.3% Other 0.1% Tulcán Cemetery - topiary garden cemetery. Three lakes of volcanic origin with blue - green water, rich with sulphur. Provinces of Ecuador Cantons of Ecuador Gobierno Provincial del Carchi, official website ¡Con el Carchi no se juega! "DEJA VU" OF HISTORY: YOU DON'T MESS WITH CARCHI
El Oro Province
El Oro is the southernmost of Ecuador's coastal provinces. It was named for its important gold production. Today it is one of the world's major exporters of bananas; the capital is Machala. El Oro province is the major area of banana production in Ecuador. To the north and east the province has borders with the provinces Guayas and Loja. To the west and south it is limited by the Peruvian Tumbes Region; the province is divided in 14 cantons and features a wide range of attractions, such as the Jambelí Islands, the petrified forest of the Puyango River, the island of Santa Clara, to name a few. Population 1990: 412,572 Population 2000: 525,763 Population 2010: 600,659Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010: Mestizo 81.6% White 7.8% Afro-Ecuadorian 6.9% Montubio 2.8% Indigenous 0.7% Other 0.3% El Oro economy is based on export of banana and shrimp. Other agricultural products of importance are coffee. Unicameral government; the province is divided into 14 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat or capital.
Provinces of Ecuador Cantons of Ecuador Gobierno Provincial Autonomo de El Oro - web site of the El Oro Government Orenses Machala Comunidad Virtual de La Provincia de El Oro - news about El Oro
Salinas is a coastal city located in the Province of Santa Elena, Ecuador. It is the seat of the canton; the westernmost city on mainland Ecuador, Salinas is an important tourist center. Salinas, Ecuador's largest coastal resort, offers one of the country's best real estate investment markets and most popular and most upscale beach lifestyle. Salinas was the center of controversy during the contentious "more fun, less sun," debate, it was the site of the ISA World Junior Surfing Games Ecuador in 2009. There are two major yacht clubs in Salinas, the first is Salinas Yacht Club, a good bit smaller than the Puerto Lucia Yacht Club, in Santa Elena, in an area known as'La Libertad' which, in Spanish means. Puerto Lucia boasts a hotel, several restaurants to eat, a private beach and apartment block buildings, as well as the large marina and port, it was a small fishing village until the June 30, 1929, when it was established as a rural parish of Santa Elena. On December 22, 1937, an official decree was signed by the Commander in Chief, General Alberto Enriquez Gallo and published in Official Gazette No. 52 of December 27 of that year, that elevated the parish to the rank of canton.
Its cantonal head is the town of Salinas, is composed of the rural parishes Ancon, Jose Luis Tamayo Anconcito. Salinas is divided into four urban parishes, they are: Alberto Enriquez Gallo Carlos Espinoza Larrea Santa Rosa Vicente Rocafuerte The museum is located in the canton street Salinas Guayas and Quil Pier and is known as "The Museum of the Great Peninsula". It has a temporary exhibition hall, a lounge and a naval parade; the Archaeological room has a complete sample of the cultures that settled in this great peninsula, composed of the Valdivia and Machalilla Engoroy cultures of the Formative period, as well as the Jambelí Guangala Regional Development period and maintenance-Integration Guancavilca period, which include human and animal figurines and utilitarian vessels, whistle, stone axes, beads necklaces Spondylus and whistles and a variety of both cylindrical and flat seals. On displays is a model of a raft-Guancavilca Manteña reproduced according to the description of Samano 1526.
The Guancavilcas large rafts were in their black-colored vessels and stone metate for grinding grains, spherical stone weights for nets and pointed to the divers who were used to hit and release Spondylus shells attached to rocks. A model that reproduces the galleon Jesus Maria de la Limpia Concepcion known as "The Captain" takes us back to colonial times and the exhibit showcases the salvage in that galleon wrecked in 1654 off the coast of Chanduy. Coins of 1, 2, 4 and 8 reales cobs or crushed calls were made in silver and transported on ships to Panama and from there to the Caribbean to be transported to Europe, fragments of silver cutlery and plates and pottery known as majolica bars, silver, cannonballs both bronze and iron and lead for muskets. A gold cross with Latin inscriptions, an earring with pearl bases and silver candelabra, a buckle, metal earrings agate and correspond to the material used for personal use by the passengers on this ship and ran aground off the coast of the town of El Real.
People travel from all over the world because the Surfing in Ecuador offers ideal climate all year round. Punta Carnero is a beach located ten minutes south of Salinas, its name, “Ram Point” in English, stems from the rocky headland located at the southeast end of the beach. Punta Carnero Beach has been chosen many times to be the venue of not just national surf competitions, but at an international level; the beach extends for 1.6 miles and is wide, with white to gray sand, medium waves and a prevalent inland breeze. Many who travel to Punta Carnero take a visit to other famous beaches are found just off the coast of Ecuador by 972 km is known the world over, the Galápagos Islands an area of volcanic islands distributed around the equator in the Pacific Ocean. Other attractions of popular activities include: The diving on the island of Peel in Ayangue Deep sea fishing La Chocolatera, a large cliff, the most salient point of the Peninsula of Santa Elena where the north and south moving currents collide, giving the waters a rich brown color Central Church of Our Lady of Mercy Main Salinas Malecon and Chipipe San Lorenzo Park Civic Paseo Artesanal Los Cedros Malecón de Santa Rosa Park and Central Church of José Luis Tamayo Pacific Mall Anconcito Malecon Whale Museum Whale watching Parasailing Salinas has a warm and dry desert climate with abundant sunshine all year around.
The city is located in a tropical zone near the Equator, the weather resembles a subtropical climate, being comfortable and dry rather than hot and rainy. This is due to the Humboldt Current, which lower temperatures to a moderate climate for most of the year, except in the summer months, when the temperature rises. Www.inec.gov.ec Taxi Salinas Guayaquil Transportation Salinas Guayaquil. Specific
Cotopaxi is one of the provinces of Ecuador. The capital is Latacunga; the province contains an intermittent volcano with a height of 19,388 feet. The province is divided into 7 cantons; the following table lists each canton with its population, its area in square kilometres, the name of the canton seat. Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010: Mestizo 72.1% Indigenous 22.1% White 2.3% Montubio 1.8% Afro-Ecuadorian 1.7% Other 0.1% Cotopaxi National Park Llanganates National Park Panzaleo Provinces of Ecuador Cantons of Ecuador Centro de Levantamientos Integrados de Recursos Naturales por Sensores Remotos Gobierno Provincia de Cotopaxi, official website Cotopaxi Tours