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Forqan Group

Forqan Group was an Iranian opposition militant group with clandestine cell system adhering to a Shia anti-clerical Islamist ideology. Forqan assassinated some senior officials, including Gen. Valiollah Qarani, Morteza Motahari, Mohammad Mofatteh and Mohammad Ali Qazi Tabatabaei but it was soon terminated following arrest and execution of its key members in 1980; the group opposed other social sectors such as the "wealthy bazaaris", the "liberal politicians" and the "Marxist atheists" who, in their view, "were plotting to betray the Islamic Revolution". The group self-proclaimed to be followers of Ali Shariati, according to Ronen Cohen, the claim was used instrumentally to look more "prestigious" and allow them to develop their combined ideology. Due to the literal meaning Forqan is described as standard. Proof or evidence is the meaning. Uri Rubin introduced Forquan as one of names of the Quran; the root of this word means "separate". In the Tarikh al-Tabari and Tafsir al-Kabir the root of this word that means "God's separating or distinguishing between truth and falsehood, defined as f-r-q".

The Forqan group is the Islamic shia group that emphasized the Islam without clergy and decided to present the real Islam and truthful message of Quran. According to the Shariati' thought, the rule of the unity of Allah forms the basic element of an equal and just society in the Muhammad prophet's tradition, he believed that the Twelve Imams are the real successors of the Prophet and they tried to make equal society. He considered shia Islam above all ideologies and religions but clerics should not have key role at political positions. Akbar Goodarzi who were affected by revolutionary thought of Shariati, authored interpretation of the Quran named monotheistic ideology. Shariati followed Islamic method without clerical intervention such as Abul A'la Maududi's idea but Goodarzi was more fanatical than Shariati and on 1970 the Forqan group was founded by him. Another person who had important effect on forming the ideology of Forqan group was Habibollah Ashory, the frustrated cleric; the climax of activities of Forqan group the fight against clericalism is seen at early days after victory of Iranian revolution and this group in early1980 was eliminated by arresting members of it.

The Forqan group was a radical Iranian organization that claimed responsibility for a number of assassinations during the 1979 Revolution. The responsibilities of following assassinated persons had been undertaken by this group:Mohammad-Vali Gharani, Morteza Motahhari, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Mohammad Taghi Haji Tarkhani, Abbas Amir-Entezam, Seyed Razi Shirazi, Seyed Mohsen Behbahani, Hosein Mahdian, Mahdi Iraqi, Hesam Iraqi, Mohammad Baqir Dashtianeh, Hans Joachim Leib, Mohammad Ali Qazi Tabatabaei, Mohammad Mofatteh, Javad Bahmani, Asghar Nemati, Faqih Imani and Qasim Rouhani; the assassination attempts on prominent Iranians Ahmad Ladjevardi, Ali Khamenei and Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili were attributed to the furqan group. Assassination attempt on Ali Khamenei

USNS Pecos (T-AO-197)

USNS Pecos is a Henry J. Kaiser-class underway replenishment oiler operated by the Military Sealift Command to support ships of the United States Navy, the third such ship to be named after the Pecos River. Pecos, the eleventh Henry J. Kaiser-class ship, was laid down on 17 February 1988 at Avondale Shipyards in New Orleans and launched on 23 September 1989, she was delivered to the Navy and placed in non-commissioned service with a civilian crew under the control of the Military Sealift Command on 6 July 1990. The ship is equipped with a helicopter platform to allow for at-sea transfer of personnel and supplies. Pecos is part of the MSC Naval Auxiliary Force, MSC Pacific, in the United States Pacific Fleet, has received the National Defense Service Medal, the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal twice, the Southwest Asia Service Medal. On 9 December 1999 a United States Marine Corps CH-46 helicopter crashed into Pecos and sank while participating in a training mission. Seven of the 18 personnel on board the helicopter were killed in the accident.

As routine procedure following an accident, members of the crew were subjected to drug testing. Captain Mark LaRochelle, the ship's Master, failed the initial and secondary drug tests and was subsequently relieved of command and fired from the Military Sealift Command. Following his dismissal from MSC, his US Coast Guard license was revoked. During Operation Tomodachi, Pecos rendezvoused with United States Seventh Fleet flagship USS Blue Ridge near Kyushu, Japan. Blue Ridge transferred 96 pallets of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief material to Pecos for delivery to the Essex Amphibious Group and Carrier Strike Group 5. Weighing as much as 1,000 pounds each, the pallets contained water containers and water purification tablets, first-aid products, tarpaulins and other supplies; the ship arrived off Sendai on 25 March for more underway replenishment operations. During her support effort to Operation Tomodachi, Pecos completed nine underway replenishments and delivered more than 2.3 million U.

S. gallons of fuel to other supporting ships. Pecos helped refuel USS Harry S. Truman and HMS Defender in 2016. On 28 November 2018, the United States Navy sent Pecos and USS Stockdale through the Taiwan Strait as a demonstration of the "U. S. commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific," according to a U. S. Pacific Fleet spokesman; the transit took place only a few days before a planned meeting between U. S. President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here. "T-AO-197 Pecos". Fleet Oiler Photo Index. Archived from the original on March 8, 2005. Retrieved April 4, 2006. "Search intensifies for 7 Marines after helicopter crash". CNN. Retrieved February 27, 2007. NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive USNS Pecos USNS Pecos Footage from YouTube of the CH-46 accident on 9 DEC 1999.

CNN.com article regarding the CH-46 accident on 9 DEC 1999. Wildenberg, Thomas. Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U. S. Navy, 1912-1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. Retrieved 2009-04-28