Santo Tomé, Corrientes
Santo Tomé is a city in the province of Corrientes in the Argentine Mesopotamia. It had about 22,634 inhabitants at the 2001 census, it is the head town of the department of the same name. The city lies in the north-east of the province, on the right-hand shore of the Uruguay River, opposite the city of São Borja in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; the area has typical features of the Región Submisionera, with reddish soil, abundant flora and high lands, alternating with gray-soil lowlands and swamps. The climate is subtropical, with average temperatures of 20 °C; the average annual rainfall is between 1,600 mm, peaking in April and October. Santo Tomé was founded in 1632 by the Jesuit missionaries Luis Ernot and Manuel Bertot, with help from two native Guaraní chiefs that converted to Christianity, its name is variedly found as Santo Tomás, Santo Tomás Apóstol, Santo Thomé and Santo Tomé. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina
Santo Tomé, Santa Fe
Santo Tomé is a city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. It is located only 9 km from the capital city, it has a population of about 65,684 inhabitants and estimated at 80,000 inhabitants based on population growth rate provided by the INDEC, is classified as a second-category municipality. The town of Santo Tomé was founded in 1872 by the provincial government, became a city on 12 April 1962. Mauricio Martínez, footballer Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. "Santo Tomé, Santa Fe". Santa Fe provincial government. Media related to Santo Tomé at Wikimedia Commons
Ciudad Bolívar known as Angostura and St. Thomas de Guyana, is the capital of Venezuela's southeastern Bolívar State, it lies at the spot where the Orinoco River narrows to about 1 mile in width, is the site of the first bridge across the river, is a major riverport for the eastern regions of Venezuela. Historic Angostura gave its name to the Congress of Angostura, to the Angostura tree, to the House of Angostura, to Angostura bitters. Modern Ciudad Bolívar has a well-preserved historic center. A Spanish settlement, it was called Saint Thomas of Guyana; the settlement was a fortified port which had to be moved on three occasions because it was attacked by Carib natives and European rivals, such as the Dutch and English. Saint Thomas of Guyana was first located in present day Ciudad Guayana near the Caroní River until Dutch forces led by Captain Adrian Janson destroyed the town in 1579; the second settlement was founded by Don Antonio de Berrío, who had arrived from the New Granada with the mission of colonizing Guiana, was moved westward down the Carońi about 66 kilometres.
One of Walter Raleigh's expeditions sacked the second settlement in 1617, resulting in the death of his son Watt Raleigh. The third and present day city was founded in 1764 by Don Joacquin Moreno de Mendoza as San Tomas de la Nueva Guayana or Santo Tomé de Guayana de Angostura del Orinoco, named in honor of its diocese and for its position at the first narrows of the Orinoco River; the Spanish relied on trade from the Dutch colony of Essequibo further down the Caroní River until 1771. Ciudad Bolívar was the site of the Congress of Angostura from 1819 to 1821, it was responsible for the creation of Gran Colombia in its first year of operation. Angostura bitters were invented in the city in 1824, although the company which produced them moved to Trinidad and Tobago; the city was renamed in honor of Simon Bolivar in 1846. The Venezuelan artist Jesús Rafael Soto was a native of the city; the Jesús Soto Museum of Modern Art, named in his honor and designed by Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva, was opened in 1973.
Ciudad Bolívar's municipal government is led by the mayor. Its local legislature is the Municipal Council, made up of seven councillors. A municipal comptroller oversees the public finances, the Local Public Planning Council manages the municipality's development. Moriche palms and scrub oaks are found on the shores of the river. Species including the carob tree, the sarrapia, the merecure are prevalent. Local fauna include capybaras, herons, parrots and iguanas, others. Fish in the area include Salminus Pygocentrus palometa. Under the Köppen climate classification, Ciudad Bolívar has a tropical savanna climate with distinctive dry and wet seasons; the average temperature is 28.5 °C which remains constant throughout the year, varying between 27.6 °C in January to 28.9 °C in October. The dry season, which runs from December to April has little precipitation during these months and temperatures tend to be cooler than the wet season but still hot reaching 32 °C during the day and dropping to 22 °C during the night.
The wet season which runs from May to early November sees and increase in precipitation levels although days without any precipitation are common. Temperatures tend to be warmer than the dry season. On average, Ciudad Bolívar receives 977 mm of precipitation per year and there are 89.3 days with measureable rainfall. The city is sunny, averaging 2900 hours of bright sunshine or an average of 7.9 hours of sunshine per day, ranging from a high of 260.4 hours in October to a low of 201.0 hours in June. The Bolívar state economy is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry cattle and pigs. Agricultural products of the area include maize, mango and watermelon. Tourism has become important to the area. Local mass media include the television stations Bolívar Visión and TV Río, newspapers El Bolivarense, El Expreso, El Progreso, El Luchador. Universidad de Oriente Núcleo de Bolívar, is the main public institution located in Ciudad Bolivar and in other cities of eastern Venezuela. On 20 February 1960, by resolution of the University Council, is created the Bolívar Nucleus, since, become the most important university in the country South-Eastern.
Today, this UDO nucleus has a Basic Courses School, Health Sciences School "Dr. Francisco Battistini Casalta" and Earth Sciences School, undergraduate degrees in Industrial Engineering, Geological Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mining Engineering, Medicine and Bioanalysis. Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana is another public institution in Ciudad Bolívar, founded 9 March 1982 by resolution N° 1.432 of President Luis Herrera Campins. This university was conceived as a center of superior education regional; the original name of the university project was South University the Dr. Carlos Grüber Hernández cas one of the pioneers in the fight for the University of South, he was the Founder President of the University of Southern Pro Guiana Committee; the UNEG Ciudad Bolívar offers undergraduate degrees in Administration and accounting and Tourism. Universidad Simón Rodríguez. Universidad Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho. Instituto Universitario Tecnológico del Estado Bolívar. Universidad Nacional Abierta.
Instituto Universitario Tecnológico Rodolfo Loero Arismendi. Universidad Bolivaria
Thomas the Apostle
Thomas the Apostle (Biblical Hebrew: תומאס הקדוש. Thomas is informally referred to as "Doubting Thomas" because he doubted Jesus' resurrection when first told, followed by his confession of faith, "My Lord and my God," on seeing Jesus' wounded body. Traditionally, Thomas is believed to have travelled outside the Roman Empire to preach the Gospel, travelling as far as Tamilakam which are the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu in present-day India. According to tradition, Thomas reached Muziris, in AD 50 and converted several people, founding what today are known as Saint Thomas Christians or Mar Thoma Nazranis. After his death, the reputed relics of Saint Thomas the Apostle were enshrined as far as Mesopotamia in the 3rd century, moved to various places. In 1258, some of the relics were brought to Ortona, in Abruzzo, where they have been held in the Church of Saint Thomas the Apostle, he is regarded as the Patron Saint of India, the name Thoma remains quite popular among Saint Thomas Christians of India.
Thomas first speaks in the Gospel of John. In John 11:16, when Lazarus had died, the apostles do not wish to go back to Judea, where some Jews had attempted to stone Jesus. Thomas says: "Let us go,that we may die with him. Thomas speaks again in John 14:5. There, Jesus had just explained that he was going away to prepare a heavenly home for his followers, that one day they would join him there. Thomas reacted by saying, "Lord, we know not whither thou goest, but when Jesus appeared and invited Thomas to touch his wounds and behold him, Thomas showed his belief by saying, "My Lord and my God". Jesus said, "Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed they that have not seen, have believed." The name Thomas given for the apostle in the New Testament is derived from the Aramaic or Classical Syriac: ܬܐܘܡܐ Taumā/Toma, equivalently from Hebrew Teom, meaning "twin". The equivalent term for twin in Greek, used in the New Testament, is Δίδυμος Didymos; the Nag Hammadi copy of the Gospel of Thomas begins: "These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos, Judas Thomas, recorded."
Early Syrian traditions relate the apostle's full name as Judas Thomas. Some have seen in the Acts of Thomas an identification of Saint Thomas with the apostle Judas, Son of James, better known in English as Jude. However, the first sentence of the Acts follows the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles in distinguishing the apostle Thomas and the apostle Judas son of James. Others, such as James Tabor, identify him as Judah, the brother of Jesus mentioned by Mark. In the Book of Thomas the Contender, part of the Nag Hammadi, he is alleged to be a twin to Jesus: "Now, since it has been said that you are my twin and true companion, examine yourself…"A "Doubting Thomas" is a skeptic who refuses to believe without direct personal experience—a reference to the Apostle Thomas, due to his refusal to believe the resurrected Jesus had appeared to the ten other apostles, until he could see and feel the wounds received by Jesus on the cross; when the feast of Saint Thomas was inserted in the Roman calendar in the 9th century, it was assigned to 21 December.
The Martyrology of St. Jerome mentioned the apostle on 3 July, the date to which the Roman celebration was transferred in 1969, so that it would no longer interfere with the major ferial days of Advent. 3 July was the day on which his relics were translated from Mylapore, a place along the coast of the Marina Beach, Chennai in India, to the city of Edessa in Mesopotamia. Traditionalist Roman Catholics and many Anglicans, still celebrate his feast day on 21 December. However, most modern liturgical calendars prefer 3 July; the Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic churches celebrate his feast day on 6 October. In addition, the next Sunday of the Easter is celebrated as the Sunday of Thomas, in commemoration of Thomas' question to Jesus, which led him to proclaim, according to Orthodox teaching, two natures of Jesus, both human and divine. Thomas is commemorated in common with all of the other apostles on 30 June, in a feast called the Synaxis of the Holy Apostles, he is associated with the "Arabian" icon of the Theotokos, commemorated on 6 September.
The Malankara Orthodox church celebrates his feast on three days, 3 July, 18 December, 21 December. The Passing of Mary, adjudged heretical by Pope Gelasius I in 494, was attributed to Joseph of Arimathea; the documen