Visa requirements for Santomean citizens
Visa requirements for Santomean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of São Tomé and Príncipe. As of 26 March 2019, Santomean citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 58 countries and territories, ranking the Santomean passport 81th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index. Unrecognized or recognized countriesDependent and autonomous territories Visa policy of São Tomé and Príncipe Santomean passport References Notes
A visa is a conditional authorisation granted by a territory to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that territory. Visas may include limits on the duration of the foreigner's stay, areas within the country they may enter, the dates they may enter, the number of permitted visits or an individual's right to work in the country in question. Visas are associated with the request for permission to enter a territory and thus are, in most countries, distinct from actual formal permission for an alien to enter and remain in the country. In each instance, a visa is subject to entry permission by an immigration official at the time of actual entry, can be revoked at any time. A visa most takes the form of a sticker endorsed in the applicant's passport or other travel document. Immigration officials were empowered to permit or reject entry of visitors on arrival at the frontiers. If permitted entry, the official would issue a visa, when required, which would be a stamp in a passport.
Today, travellers wishing to enter another country must apply in advance for what is called a visa, sometimes in person at a consular office, by post or over the internet. The modern visa may be a sticker or a stamp in the passport, or may take the form of a separate document or an electronic record of the authorisation, which the applicant can print before leaving home and produce on entry to the visited territory; some countries do not require visitors to apply for a visa in advance for short visits. Visa applications in advance of arrival give countries a chance to consider the applicant's circumstances, such as financial security, reason for travelling, details of previous visits to the country. Visitors may be required to undergo and pass security or health checks upon arrival at the port of entry; some countries require that their citizens, as well as foreign travellers, obtain an "exit visa" to be allowed to leave the country. Uniquely, the Norwegian special territory of Svalbard is an visa-free zone under the terms of the Svalbard Treaty.
Some countries—such as those in the Schengen Area—have agreements with other countries allowing each other's citizens to travel between them without visas. The World Tourism Organization announced that the number of tourists requiring a visa before travelling was at its lowest level in 2015. In Western Europe in the late 19th century and early 20th century and visas were not necessary for moving from one country to another; the high speed and large movements of people traveling by train would have caused bottlenecks if regular passport controls had been used. Passports and visas became necessary as travel documents only after World War I. Long before that, in ancient times and visas were the same type of travel documents. In the modern world, visas have become separate secondary travel documents, with passports acting as the primary travel documents; some visas can be granted on arrival or by prior application at the country's embassy or consulate, or through a private visa service specialist, specialised in the issuance of international travel documents.
These agencies are authorised by the foreign authority, embassy, or consulate to represent international travellers who are unable or unwilling to travel to the embassy and apply in person. Private visa and passport services collect an additional fee for verifying customer applications, supporting documents, submitting them to the appropriate authority. If there is no embassy or consulate in one's home country one would have to travel to a third country and try to get a visa issued there. Alternatively, in such cases visas may be pre-arranged for collection on arrival at the border; the need or absence of need of a visa depends on the citizenship of the applicant, the intended duration of the stay, the activities that the applicant may wish to undertake in the country he visits. The issuing authority a branch of the country's foreign ministry or department, consular affairs officers, may request appropriate documentation from the applicant; this may include proof that the applicant is able to support himself in the host country, proof that the person hosting the applicant in his or her home exists and has sufficient room for hosting the applicant, proof that the applicant has obtained health and evacuation insurance, etc.
Some countries ask for proof of health status for long-term visas. The exact conditions depend on the category of visa. Notable examples of countries requiring HIV tests of long-term residents are Uzbekistan. In Uzbekistan, the HIV test requirement is sometimes not enforced. Other countries require a medical test that includes an HIV test for a short-term tourism visa. For example, Cuban citizens and international exchange students require such a test approved by a medical authority to enter Chilean territory; the issuing authority may require applicants to attest that they have no criminal convictions, or that they not participate in certain activities. Some countries will deny visas if travellers' passports show evidence of citizenship of, or travel to, a country, considered hostile by that country. For example, some Arabic-oriented countries will not issue visas to nationals of Israel and those whose passports bear evidence of visiting Israel. Many countries demand strong evid
Cape Verdean passport
The Cape Verdean passport is issued to citizens of Cape Verde for international travel. Cape Verdean citizens can travel to member states of the Economic Community of West African States visa-free. Surname Given names Nationality Cape Verdean Date of birth Sex Place of birth Date of Expiry Passport number The data page/information page is printed in Portuguese and English. ECOWAS passports Visa requirements for Cape Verdean citizens List of passports
The Chadian passport is issued to citizens of Chad for international travel. The Chadian passport is written in three languages; as of 1 January 2017, Chadian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 51 countries and territories, ranking the Chadian passport 85th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index. On 24 September 2017, citizens of Chad who held Chadian passports were banned from entering the United States of America; the reason was that Chadian authorities had run out of passport paper and were unable to submit sample passports to American authorities. Visa requirements for Chadian citizens
The Eritrean passport is issued to citizens of Eritrea for international travel. Citizens are not issued passports prior to completion of military service. Eritreans living abroad only receive a passport from their consulate if they have paid their taxes to their country; the passport validity is less. Eritreans wanting to take another citizenship need permission from the Eritrean Government if they do not want to lose Eritrean citizenship; as of 1 January 2017, Eritrean citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 35 countries and territories, ranking the Eritrean passport 98th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index. Visa requirements for Eritrean citizens List of passports http://www.ericon.org.au/main/page_consular_services_new_eritrean_passport.html
The Zambian passport is issued to citizens of Zambia for international travel. As of 1 January 2017, Zambian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 63 countries and territories, ranking the Zambian passport 73rd in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index; the data page/information page is printed in English. List of passports Visa requirements for Zambian citizens
The Algerian passport is issued to citizens of Algeria for international travel. The Algerian passport has the following wording on its cover: Top: "الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية" RÉPUBLIQUE ALGÉRIENNE DÉMOCRATIQUE ET POPULAIRE PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ALGERIA Middle: there is the Emblem of Algeria Below: "جواز السفر " PASSPORT PASSEPORT Visa requirements for Algerian citizens