Robo-Sapiens is the debut album by Malibu, the electronica/remix project of Roger Joseph Manning Jr. released in Japan only on April 18, 2007 by Pony Canyon. The album was subsequently released outside Japan with a revised track listing on November 5, 2007 by Expansion Team Records; the album includes the TV Eyes track "She Gets Around", released as the B side of the "She's A Study" 12-inch single in 2003. All songs written by Roger Joseph Manning Jr. except. "Yesteryear" – 5:37 "Please Don't Go" – 4:20 "The Bounce" – 6:22 "German Oil" – 6:19 "Animal Lovin' Ken" – 6:12 "Parisian Nights" – 5:10 "Sidekicks" – 7:16 "Rubber Tubes" – 5:35 "She Gets Around" – 6:25 "D. I. E. T." – 6:34 "Time To Time" – 5:06 "Whips & Chains On The Astral Plane" – 7:15 Bonus track for Japan All songs written by Roger Joseph Manning Jr. except where noted. "Yesteryear" – 5:34 "The Bounce" – 6:19 "German Oil" – 6:19 "Sidekicks" – 7:13 "She Gets Around" – 6:21 "Rubber Tubes" – 5:33 "Parisian Nights" – 5:09 "Animal Lovin' Ken" – 6:12 "Time To Time" – 5:05 "D.
I. E. T." – 6:31 "Please Don't Go" - 4:20 Malibu - all sounds Jason Falkner - additional guitar and keyboard Brian Reitzell - additional percussive programming Mixing and masterering by John Paterno Recorded at Stu-Stu-Studio Artwork & design: ADAPTOR Synthesizer restoration: Kevin Lightner & Ed Miller
Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind
Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind is a book by Yuval Noah Harari first published in Hebrew in Israel in 2011, in English in 2014. The book surveys the history of humankind from the evolution of archaic human species in the Stone Age up to the twenty-first century, focusing on Homo sapiens; the account is situated within a framework provided by the natural sciences evolutionary biology. The reception of the book has been mixed. Scholars with relevant subject matter expertise have been skeptical of the book. Public reaction to the book has been positive. Harari's work situates its account of human history within a framework provided by the natural sciences evolutionary biology: he sees biology as setting the limits of possibility for human activity, sees culture as shaping what happens within those bounds; the academic discipline of history is the account of cultural change. Harari surveys the history of humankind from the evolution of archaic human species in the Stone Age up to the twenty-first century, focusing on Homo sapiens.
He divides the history of Sapiens into four major parts: The Cognitive Revolution. The Agricultural Revolution; the unification of humankind. The Scientific Revolution. Harari's main argument is that Sapiens came to dominate the world because it is the only animal that can cooperate flexibly in large numbers, he argues that prehistoric Sapiens were a key cause of the extinction of other human species such as the Neanderthals, along with numerous other megafauna. He further argues that the ability of Sapiens to cooperate in large numbers arises from its unique capacity to believe in things existing purely in the imagination, such as gods, nations and human rights. Harari claims that all large-scale human cooperation systems – including religions, political structures, trade networks, legal institutions – owe their emergence to Sapiens' distinctive cognitive capacity for fiction. Accordingly, Harari regards money as a system of mutual trust and sees political and economic systems as more or less identical with religions.
Harari's key claim regarding the Agricultural Revolution is that while it promoted population growth for Sapiens and co-evolving species like wheat and cows, it made the lives of most individuals worse than they had been when Sapiens were hunter-gatherers, since their diet and daily lives became less varied. Humans' violent treatment of other animals is indeed a theme. In discussing the unification of humankind, Harari argues that over its history, the trend for Sapiens has been towards political and economic interdependence. For centuries, the majority of humans have lived in empires, capitalist globalization is producing one, global empire. Harari argues that money and universal religions are the principal drivers of this process. Harari sees the Scientific Revolution as founded on innovation in European thought, whereby elites became willing to admit to, hence to try to remedy, their ignorance, he sees this as one driver of early modern European imperialism and of the current convergence of human cultures.
Harari emphasises the lack of research into the history of happiness, positing that people today are not happier than in past eras. He concludes by considering how modern technology may soon end the species as we know it, as it ushers in genetic engineering and non-organic life. Humans have, in Harari's chosen metaphor, become gods: they can create species. Harari cites Jared Diamond's Guns and Steel as one of the greatest inspirations for the book by showing that it was possible to "ask big questions and answer them scientifically". First published in Hebrew in 2011 and in English in 2014, the book was translated into 45 languages, it made to The New York Times best-seller list and won the National Library of China's Wenjin Book Award for the best book published in 2014. Writing four years after its English-language publication, Alex Preston wrote in The Guardian that Sapiens had become a "publishing phenomenon" with "wild success" symptomatic of a broader trend toward "intelligent, challenging nonfiction books that are several years old".
Concurrently, The Guardian listed the book as among the ten "best brainy books of the decade". The Royal Society of Biologists in the UK shortlisted the book in its 2015 Book Awards. Bill Gates ranked Sapiens among his ten favorite books. Anthropologist Christopher Robert Hallpike reviewed the book and did not find any "serious contribution to knowledge". Hallpike suggested that "...whenever his facts are broadly correct they are not new, whenever he tries to strike out on his own he gets things wrong, sometimes seriously". He considered it an infotainment publishing event offering a "wild intellectual ride across the landscape of history, dotted with sensational displays of speculation, ending with blood-curdling predictions about human destiny."Science journalist Charles C. Mann concluded in The Wall Street Journal, "There’s a whiff of dorm-room bull sessions about the author’s stimulating but unsourced assertions."Reviewing the book in The Washington Post, evolutionary anthropologist Avi Tuschman points out problems stemming from the contradiction between Harari's "freethinking scientific mind" and his "fuzzier worldview hobbled by political correctness", but nonetheless wrote that "Harari’s book is important reading for serious-minded, sel
Cat (Red Dwarf)
The Cat is a fictional character in the British science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf. He is played by Danny John-Jules, he is a descendant of Dave Lister's pregnant pet house cat Frankenstein, whose descendants evolved into a humanoid form over three million years while Lister was in stasis. As a character he is vain and aloof, loves to dress in extravagant clothing, he is referred to as "the Cat" in lieu of a real name. The "Cat" first appeared in Red Dwarf's first episode "The End"; the computer of the mining ship Red Dwarf, mentions that after a crisis where all of Red Dwarf's crew had died in a radiation leak, chicken soup machine repairman Dave Lister's pregnant cat, along with her unborn kittens, were sealed in the hold while Lister was put into stasis as punishment for keeping an unquarantined cat on board, but is left in stasis for three million years until the radiation reaches normal levels. This cat, Frankenstein, is mentioned by the Cat as a story he learnt about at school, describing her as "The holy mother, saved by Cloister the Stupid, frozen in time, who gaveth of his life that we might live... who shall returneth to lead us to Fuchal, the promised land," with Lister realising that "Cloister the Stupid" refers to Lister.
Holly mentions that the Cat evolved from the cats who have been breeding in the hold for three million years. After reawakening from stasis, the only known human being in existence, tells Holly to set a course for Fuchal, the archipelago of Fiji, where Lister had intended to take Frankenstein three million years earlier as part of his five-year plan. In "Waiting for God", Holly translates a holy book written by the Cat's people for Lister, in which Lister is described as the cats' god "Cloister", that his plan of buying a farm on Fiji and opening up a hot dog and doughnut diner has become their idea of Heaven, with Fiji known to the cat people as "Fuchal". Holly tells of thousands of years of holy wars fought by two factions: those who believed the humorous hats at Fuchal should be red and those who believed they should be blue. Lister had wanted them to be green; the two factions formed a truce and built two great space arks to go and search for Lister and the promised land. One of the two arks, following a set of sacred directions, promptly crashed into an asteroid.
According to a dying cat priest, "the sick and the lame" cat people did not go on the arks with the rest of the cats, were left on Red Dwarf to die. Two of these cats were the Cat's parents, a female "cripple" and a male "idiot" who ate his own feet. Over time, the rest of the cat people died off. According to Lister in "Me²", there are no other cats apart from the Cat himself aboard Red Dwarf."Parallel Universe" shows Holly's "Holly Hop Drive" trying to get to Earth within a few seconds. Instead, however, it lands the crew in a female-oriented parallel universe with another version of Red Dwarf. Rather than having a female Cat on board, this universe's version of Red Dwarf instead has a male humanoid Dog, he is depicted as flea-ridden, having an interest in smelling people's behinds and a fear of baths. In "Timeslides", the Cat race temporarily ceases to exist after Lister is seen travelling back in time by entering a photographic slide with mutated developing fluid to convince his younger self become wealthy and successful and not join the Space Corps.
The hologram Arnold Rimmer unwittingly reverses this new timeline by going back in time to his boyhood self, causing the Cat race to come back into existence. The pleasure genetically-engineered lifeform Camille appears in the episode "Camille", is perceived differently depending on, looking at her. Camille is seen as whatever the person, looking at her desires the most, being described by the Cat as what his "perfect mate" is; the way she appears to the Cat is revealed to be a double of the Cat himself. In "Demons and Angels", Red Dwarf is blown up when the beam of a device called the triplicator is put into reverse, putting the engine core into meltdown, while creating a "high" and "low" version of Red Dwarf, complete with their own versions of the Cat. Before the lifespans of both versions of Red Dwarf expire after an hour, the crew collect pieces of the triplicator from both Red Dwarfs, restore the original Red Dwarf by amalgamating the two copies with a rebuilt triplicator; the "high" version of the Cat is blown up by a bomb the "lows" throw at him, while the "low" version disappears with his version of Red Dwarf.
In "Back to Reality", ink from a "despair squid" causes Lister, the Cat and mechanoid Kryten to share a hallucination, with the hallucinations attacking things they each consider "quintessential to self-esteem". In the hallucination, the Cat loses his "cool", becomes a "no-style gimbo" with a massive overbite and unflattering clothes called Duane Dibley; the four nearly commit suicide together. In "Psirens", Kryten explains that Red Dwarf was "stolen", with the crew now based inside the shuttlecraft Starbug chasing after Red Dwarf to recover it. In "Emohawk: Polymorph II", an emotion-leeching "emohawk" attacks Starbug and consumes the Cat's "cool", turning him into his "Duane Dibley" persona; the emohawk is captured, Lister freezes it with liquid dillinium. The crew plan to extract the emohawk's DNA strands and re-inject the Cat with them to retur
Wisdom, sapience, or sagacity is the ability to think and act using knowledge, understanding, common sense and insight. Wisdom is associated with attributes such as unbiased judgment, experiential self-knowledge, self-transcendence and non-attachment, virtues such as ethics and benevolence. Wisdom has been defined in many different ways, including several distinct approaches to assess the characteristics attributed to wisdom; the Oxford English Dictionary defines wisdom as "Capacity of judging rightly in matters relating to life and conduct. Charles Haddon Spurgeon defined wisdom as "the right use of knowledge". Robert I. Sutton and Andrew Hargadon defined the "attitude of wisdom" as "acting with knowledge while doubting what one knows". In social and psychological sciences, several distinct approaches to wisdom exist, with major advances made in the last two decades with respect to operationalization and measurement of wisdom as a psychological construct; the ancient Greeks considered wisdom to be an important virtue, personified as the goddesses Metis and Athena.
Athena, said to have sprung from the head of Zeus, was portrayed as strong, fair and chaste. To Socrates and Plato, philosophy was the love of Wisdom; this permeates Plato's dialogues The Republic, in which the leaders of his proposed utopia are to be philosopher kings, rulers who understand the Form of the Good and possess the courage to act accordingly. Aristotle, in his Metaphysics, defined wisdom as the understanding of causes, i.e. knowing why things are a certain way, deeper than knowing that things are a certain way. In fact, it was Aristotle who first made a distinction between phronesis and sophia aspects of wisdom; the ancient Romans valued wisdom, personified in Minerva, or Pallas. She represents skillful knowledge and the virtues chastity, her symbol was the owl, still a popular representation of wisdom, because it can see in darkness. She was said to be born from Jupiter's forehead. Wisdom is important within Christianity. Jesus emphasized it. Paul the Apostle, in his first epistle to the Corinthians, argued that there is both secular and divine wisdom, urging Christians to pursue the latter.
Prudence, intimately related to wisdom, became one of the four cardinal virtues of Catholicism. The Christian philosopher Thomas Aquinas considered wisdom to be the "father" of all virtues. In Buddhist traditions, developing wisdom plays a central role where comprehensive guidance on how to develop wisdom is provided. In the Inuit tradition, developing wisdom was one of the aims of teaching. An Inuit Elder said that a person became wise when they could see what needed to be done and did it without being told what to do. In many cultures, the name for third molars, which are the last teeth to grow, is etymologically linked with wisdom, e.g. as in the English wisdom tooth. Public schools in the US have an approach to character education. Eighteenth century thinkers such as Benjamin Franklin, referred to this as training wisdom and virtue. Traditionally, schools share the responsibility to build character and wisdom along with parents and the community. Nicholas Maxwell, a contemporary philosopher in the United Kingdom, advocates that academia ought to alter its focus from the acquisition of knowledge to seeking and promoting wisdom.
This he defines as the capacity to realize what is for oneself and others. He teaches that technological know-how increase our power to act. Without wisdom though, Maxwell claims. Wisdom is the application of knowledge to attain a positive goal by receiving instruction in governing oneself. Psychologists have begun to gather data on held beliefs or folk theories about wisdom. Initial analyses indicate that although "there is an overlap of the implicit theory of wisdom with intelligence, perceptiveness and shrewdness, it is evident that wisdom is an expertise in dealing with difficult questions of life and adaptation to the complex requirements."Such implicit theories stand in contrast to the explicit theories and empirical research on resulting psychological processes underlying wisdom. Opinions on the exact psychological definitions of wisdom vary, but there is some consensus that critical to wisdom are certain meta-cognitive processes affording life reflection and judgment about critical life matters.
These processes include recognizing the limits of one’s own knowledge, acknowledging uncertainty and change, attention to context and the bigger picture, integrating different perspectives of a situation. Cognitive scientists suggest that wisdom requires coordinating such reasoning processes, as they may provide insightful solutions for managing one’s life. Notably, such reasoning is both empirically distinct from general intelligence. Robert Sternberg has suggested. In line with this idea, researchers have shown empirically that wise reasoning is distinct from IQ. Several more nuanced characterizations of wisdom are listed below. Baltes and colleagues in Wisdom: its structure and function in regulating lifespan successful development defined wisdom as "the ability to deal with the contradictions of a specific situation and to assess the consequences of an action for themselves and for others, it is achieved when in a concrete situation, a balance b
Waterworld is a 1995 American post-apocalyptic science fiction action film directed by Kevin Reynolds and co-written by Peter Rader and David Twohy. It was based on Rader's original 1986 screenplay and stars Kevin Costner, who produced it with Charles Gordon and John Davis, it was distributed by Universal Pictures. The setting of the film is in the distant future. Although no exact date was given in the film itself, it has been suggested that it takes place in 2500; the polar ice cap has melted, the sea level has risen over 7,600 m, covering nearly all of the land. The plot of the film centers on an otherwise nameless antihero, "The Mariner", a drifter who sails the Earth in his trimaran; the most expensive film made at the time, Waterworld was released to mixed reviews, praising the futuristic setting and premise but criticizing the characterization and acting performances. The film was unable to recoup its massive budget at the box office; the film was nominated for an Academy Award in the category Best Sound at the 68th Academy Awards.
The film's release was accompanied by a novelization, video game, three themed attractions at Universal Studios Hollywood, Universal Studios Singapore, Universal Studios Japan called Waterworld: A Live Sea War Spectacular, all of which are still running as of 2019. Long after the melting of the polar ice caps in the 21st century, the sea levels have covered every continent on Earth; the remains of human civilization live on ramshackle floating communities known as atolls, having long forgotten about living on land. People believe; the Mariner, a lone drifter, arrives on his trimaran to trade dirt, a rare commodity, for other supplies. The atoll's residents see that the Mariner is a mutant with gills and webbed feet and decide to drown him in the atoll's recycling pit—a kind of liquid compost facility. Just the atoll is attacked by the Smokers, a gang of pirates seeking a girl named Enola who, according to their leader the Deacon, has a map to Dryland tattooed on her back. Enola's guardian, attempts to escape with Enola on a gas balloon with Gregor, an inventor, but the balloon is released too early.
Helen instead insists that he take the two of them with him. The three escape to open sea aboard the trimaran, they are pursued by the Smokers, though they escape, Helen's naïve actions result in damage to the Mariner's boat and he angrily cuts her hair, followed by Enola's hair for taking his crayons. Helen explains that she believes humans once lived on land and demands to know where the Mariner collected his dirt, he provides her with a diving bell and dives with her underwater, showing the remains of a city and the dirt on the ocean's floor, affirming Helen's belief. When they surface, they find that the Smokers have caught up to them, threatening to kill them if they do not reveal Enola, hiding aboard the boat; the Smokers abduct try to kill Helen and the Mariner. The Mariner takes Helen, they dive underwater to avoid capture, with the gilled Mariner helping Helen to breathe; when they surface, they find. Gregor manages to catch up to and rescue them, taking them to a new makeshift atoll inhabited by the survivors of the first attack.
The Mariner takes a captured Smoker's jet ski to chase down the Deacon aboard the hulk of the Exxon Valdez. With most of the Smokers below deck to row the tanker, the Mariner confronts the Deacon, threatening to ignite the reserves of oil still on the tanker unless he returns Enola; the Deacon calls the Mariner's bluff, knowing that would destroy the ship, but, to his surprise, the Mariner drops a flare into the oil. The lower decks of the ship are engulfed in flame, the ship starts to sink; the Mariner rescues Enola and escapes via a rope from Gregor's balloon with Helen and the Atoll Enforcer aboard. As the Mariner brings Enola to Helen, the Deacon manages to grab the rope to escape the sinking ship, he climbs aboard a jet ski. He fires upon shaking Enola from the balloon and into the ocean; as The Deacon and some of his men converge on Enola to capture her, The Mariner makes an impromptu bungee jump from the balloon to grab Enola right before the Deacon and his men collide and die in the explosion.
Sometime Gregor has been able to identify the tattoo on Enola's back as coordinates with reversed directions. Following the map, the Mariner, the Atoll Enforcer and Enola discover Dryland, the top of Mount Everest, filled with vegetation and wildlife, they find a crude hut with the remains of Enola's parents. Realizing he does not belong on Dryland, the Mariner decides that he cannot stay as the sea calls to him, he departs as Helen and Enola bid their goodbyes to him. The film marked the fourth collaboration between Costner and Reynolds, who had worked together on Fandango, Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Rapa Nui, the latter of which Costner co-produced but did not star in. Waterworld was co-written by David Twohy, who cited Mad Max 2: The Road Warrior as a major inspiration. Both films employed Dean Semler as director of photography. During production, the film was plagued by a series of cost overruns and production setbacks. Universal authorized a budget of $100 million, but production costs ran to an estimated $175 million, a record sum for a film production at the time.
Filming took place in a large artificial seawater enclosure similar to that used
Gildas — known as Gildas the Wise or Gildas Sapiens — was a 6th-century British monk best known for his scathing religious polemic De Excidio et Conquestu Britanniae, which recounts the history of the Britons before and during the coming of the Saxons. He is one of the best-documented figures of the Christian church in the British Isles during the sub-Roman period, was renowned for his Biblical knowledge and literary style. In his life, he emigrated to Brittany where he founded a monastery known as St. Gildas de Rhuys. Differing versions of the Life of Saint Gildas exist, but both agree that he was born in what is now Scotland on the banks of the River Clyde, that he was the son of a royal family; these works were written in the eleventh and twelfth centuries and are regarded by scholars as unhistorical. He is now thought to have his origins further south. In his own work, he claims to have been born the same year as the Battle of Mount Badon, he was educated at a monastic centre Cor Tewdws under St. Illtud, where he chose to forsake his royal heritage and embrace monasticism.
He became a renowned teacher, converting many to Christianity and founding numerous churches and monasteries throughout Britain and Ireland. He is thought to have made a pilgrimage to Rome before emigrating to Brittany, where he took on the life of a hermit. However, his life of solitude was short-lived, pupils soon sought him out and begged him to teach them, he founded a monastery for these students at Rhuys, where he wrote De Excidio Britanniae, criticising British rulers and exhorting them to put off their sins and embrace true Christian faith. He is thought to have died at Rhuys, was buried there. There are two different historical versions of the life of Gildas, the first written by an anonymous monk in the 9th century, the other written by Caradoc of Llancarfan in the middle of the 12th century; some historians have attempted to explain the differences in the versions by saying that there were two saints named Gildas, but the more general opinion is that there was only one St. Gildas and that the discrepancies between the two versions can be accounted for by the fact that they were written several centuries apart.
The 9th century Rhuys Life is accepted as being more accurate. The First Life of St. Gildas was written by an unnamed monk at the monastery which Gildas founded in Rhuys, Brittany in the 9th century. According to this tradition, Gildas is the son of Caunus, king of Alt Clut in the Hen Ogledd, the Brythonic-speaking region of northern Britain, he had four brothers. Gildas was sent as a child to the College of Theodosius in Glamorgan, under the care of St. Illtud, was a companion of St. Sampson and St. Paul of Léon, his master St. Illtud taught him with special zeal, he was supposed to be educated in liberal arts and divine scripture, but elected to study only holy doctrine, to forsake his noble birth in favour of a religious life. After completing his studies under St. Illtud, Gildas went to Ireland where he was ordained as a priest, he returned to his native lands in northern Britain where he acted as a missionary, preaching to the pagan people and converting many of them to Christianity. He was asked by Ainmericus, high king of Ireland, to restore order to the church in Ireland, which had altogether lost the Christian faith.
Gildas obeyed the king's summons and travelled all over the island, converting the inhabitants, building churches, establishing monasteries. He travelled to Rome and Ravenna where he performed many miracles, including slaying a dragon while in Rome. Intending to return to Britain, he instead settled on the Isle of Houat off Brittany where he led a solitary, austere life. At around this time, he preached to Nonnita, the mother of Saint David, while she was pregnant with the saint, he was sought out by those who wished to study under him, was entreated to establish a monastery in Brittany. He built an oratory on the bank of today known as St. Gildas de Rhuys. Fragments of letters that he wrote reveal that he composed a Rule for monastic life, somewhat less austere than the Rule written by Saint David. Ten years after leaving Britain, he wrote an epistolary book in which he reproved five of the British kings, he died at Rhuys on 29 January 570, his body was placed on a boat and allowed to drift, according to his wishes.
Three months on 11 May, men from Rhuys found the ship in a creek with the body of Gildas still intact. They buried it there; the second "Life" of St. Gildas was written by Caradoc of Llancarfan, a friend of Geoffrey of Monmouth and his Norman patrons. However, Llancarfan's work is most historically inaccurate, as his hagiographies tend towards the fictitious, rather than the historical. Llancarfan's "Life" was written in the 12th century, includes many elements of what have come to be known as mythical pseudo-histories, involving King Arthur and Glastonbury Abbey, leading to the general opinion that this "life" is less accurate than the earlier version. For example, according to the dates in the Annales Cambriae, Gildas would have been a contemporary of King Arthur: however, Gildas' work never mentions Arthur by name though he gives a history of the Britons, states that he was born in the same year as the Battle of Badon Hill, in which Arthur is supposed to have vanquished the Saxons. In the Llancarfan Life, St. Gildas was the son of king of Scotia.
Nau had all victorious warriors. Gildas studi
Vipera Sapiens is an EP by Brazilian heavy metal band Viper. It was released under the name Viper Brazil. "Acid Heart" — 3:16 "Silent Enemy" — 3:58 "Crime" — 4:06 "Wasted Again" — 3:21 "Killing World" — 3:08 "The Spreading Soul" — 4:50 Pit Passarell - vocals, bass guitar Yves Passarell - guitars Felipe Machado - guitars Renato Graccia - drumsAdditional musicians: Sascha Paeth - backing vocal Thomas Rettke - backing vocal Viper official site Vipera Sapiens lyrics