Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE was an English film director and producer, at times referred to as The Master of Suspense. He pioneered many elements of the suspense and psychological thriller genres and he had a successful career in British cinema with both silent films and early talkies and became renowned as Englands best director. Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939, and became a US citizen in 1955 and he fashioned for himself a recognisable directorial style. Hitchcocks stylistic trademarks include the use of movement that mimics a persons gaze. In addition, he framed shots to maximise anxiety, fear, or empathy and his work often features fugitives on the run alongside icy blonde female characters. Prior to 1980, there had long been talk of Hitchcock being knighted for his contribution to film, Hitchcock received his knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II in the 1980 New Year Honours. Hitchcock directed more than fifty films in a career spanning six decades and is often regarded as one of the most influential directors in cinematic history.
His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else, Hitchcocks first thriller, The Lodger, A Story of the London Fog, helped shape the thriller genre in film. His 1929 film, Blackmail, is cited as the first British sound feature film, while Rear Window, North by Northwest. Alfred Joseph Hitchcock was born on 13 August 1899 in Leytonstone and he was the second son and the youngest of three children of William Hitchcock, a greengrocer and poulterer, and Emma Jane Hitchcock. He was named after his fathers brother, Hitchcock was raised as a Roman Catholic, and sent to Salesian College and the Jesuit grammar school St Ignatius College in Stamford Hill, London. His parents were both of half-English and half-Irish ancestry and he often described a lonely and sheltered childhood that was worsened by his obesity. Around age five, Hitchcock recalled that to him for behaving badly. This incident implanted a lifelong fear of policemen in Hitchcock, and such harsh treatment, sources vary on Hitchcocks performance in school.
Gene Adair reports that by most accounts, Alfred was only an average, or slightly above-average, however, McGilligan writes that Hitchcock certainly excelled academically. When Hitchcock was 15, his father died, in that same year, he left St. Ignatius to study at the London County Council School of Engineering and Navigation in Poplar, London. After leaving, he became a draftsman and advertising designer with a company called Henleys. Hitchcock joined a regiment of the Royal Engineers in 1917
The Keys of the Kingdom (film)
The Keys of the Kingdom is a 1944 American film based on the 1941 novel The Keys of the Kingdom by A. J. Cronin. The film was adapted by Nunnally Johnson, directed by John M. Stahl and it stars Gregory Peck, Thomas Mitchell, and Vincent Price, and tells the story of the trials and tribulations of a Catholic priest who goes to China to evangelize. Father Francis Chisholm is visited in his old age by Monsignor Sleeth at his parish in Tweedside, the Monsignor informs Father Francis that the Bishop thinks it would be better if he retires, as Father Francis somewhat unorthodox recent teachings have become a distraction. The Monsignor retires to his room in the rectory, and finds Father Francis diary that recounts his story from 1878, as the Monsignor begins to read the diary, a flashback begins. One night during his childhood, Francis father was beaten by a mob during a rainstorm. As his mother attempts to lead her husband to safety, they die in a bridge collapse, leaving young Francis an orphan. He is raised by his aunt, and the next we see of Francis, he is leaving for the seminary with his childhood friend, Francis studies at seminary for a year, but is unsure about all of the Churchs teachings.
He still finds himself in love with Nora, a girl from his home, however, he finds out that after he left, Nora had a child out of wedlock with another man, and she dies before Francis can return to see her. This prompts him to go back to seminary and follow through with his studies, Francis first two assignments as a priest are unfulfilling to him, so the Bishop asks Francis to be a volunteer missionary to China. Francis readily accepts the position, even though that means it would take him far from home as well as far from Judy, because the Church hadnt given the mission money for rice in over a year, the faith left them when the rice gave out. Francis rents a room in the city to evangelize, but because he has no money or influence. A young pilgrim named Joseph finds Francis in town, ] and restores his faith in his mission by offering to rebuild the church out of Christian duty. Francis receives medical supplies from his childhood friend Dr. Willie Tulloch, Francis is summoned to the home of local official, Mr.
Chia, to heal Chias only son of his infection. Joseph is apprehensive because if Chias son dies, Francis will be in danger and he saves the boy, but Chia and his household are ungrateful because Francis methods and faith were so contrary to the local tradition. A few weeks later, Chia comes to Francis in order to convert to Christianity, Chia thanks Francis by giving the mission many acres of land and all of Chias workers in order to build a thriving mission. Two years later, the buildings are almost done, but the nuns arrive a day earlier than planned, Francis relationship with the Reverend Mother Maria-Veronica is tense, but they put aside personal differences when the town is the scene of a battle between republic and imperial troops. Willie visits from Scotland and is able to create a makeshift hospital, Willie is shot, and eventually dies. The imperial general gives Francis a choice, either all food and money from the mission are given to the general or the mission and everyone inside of it is destroyed
How Green Was My Valley (film)
How Green Was My Valley is a 1941 drama film directed by John Ford. The movie, based on the 1939 Richard Llewellyn novel of the name, was produced by Darryl F. Zanuck. The movie features Walter Pidgeon, Maureen OHara, Anna Lee, Donald Crisp and it was nominated for ten Academy Awards, famously beating Citizen Kane for Best Picture along with winning Best Director, Best Cinematography, and Best Supporting Actor. The movie tells of the Morgans, a hard-working Welsh mining family living in the heart of the South Wales Valleys during the 19th century, the story chronicles life in the South Wales coalfields, the loss of that way of life and its effects on the family. The fictional village in the movie is based on Gilfach Goch, Llewellyn spent many summers there visiting his grandfather, in 1990, the movie was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. The Academy Film Archive preserved How Green Was My Valley during 1998, the movie begins with a monologue by an older Huw Morgan, I am packing my belongings in the shawl my mother used to wear when she went to the market.
And Im going from my valley, and this time, I shall never return. The valley and its villages are now blackened by the mines that fill the area. A young Huw, the youngest child of Gwilym Morgan, walks home with his father to meet his mother, Beth. His older brothers, Ivor, Gwilym Jr. and Owen all work in the mines with their father. Huws childhood is idyllic, the town, not yet overrun with mining spoil, is beautiful, Huw is smitten on meeting Bronwyn, a girl engaged to be married to his oldest brother, Ivor. At the boisterous wedding party Angharad meets the new preacher, Mr. Gruffydd, trouble begins when the mine owner decreases wages, and the miners strike in protest. Gwilyms attempt to mediate by not endorsing a strike estranges him from the miners as well as his older sons. Beth interrupts a late night meeting of the strikers, threatening to kill anyone who harms her husband, while returning home, crossing the fields in a snowstorm in the dark, Beth falls into the river. Huw dives in to save her with the help of the townspeople and he recovers with the help of Mr.
Gruffydd, which further endears him to Angharad. The strike is settled, and Gwilym and his sons reconcile. Angharad is courted by the owners son, Iestyn Evans. Mr Gruffydd loves her too, to the delight of the gossipy townswomen
French polishing is a wood finishing technique that results in a very high gloss surface, with a deep colour and chatoyancy. French polishing consists of applying many thin coats of shellac dissolved in alcohol using a rubbing pad lubricated with oil. The rubbing pad is made of absorbent cotton or wool cloth wadding inside a piece of fabric and is commonly referred to as a fad, called a rubber, tampon. French polish is a process, not a material, the main material is shellac, although there are several other shellac-based finishes, not all of which class as French polishing. The finish is considered by many to be a way to finish highly figured wood. It is softer than modern varnishes and lacquers and is sensitive to spills of water or alcohol. However, it is simpler to repair than a damaged varnish finish. French polishing became prominent in the 18th century, in the Victorian era, French polishing was commonly used on mahogany and other expensive timbers. It was considered the best finish for furniture and string instruments such as pianos.
In Britain, instead of abrasive buffing, a fad of pullover is used in much the way as traditional French polishing. This slightly melts the sprayed surface and has the effect of filling the grain, another reason shellac fell from favour is its tendency to melt under low heat, for example, hot cups can leave marks on it. However, French polish is far more forgiving than any other finish in the sense that, unlike lacquers, the process is lengthy and very repetitive. There are many variations in schedule and technique. What is described here is one such schedule, the finish is obtained through a specific combination of different rubbing motions, waiting for considerable time, building up layers of polish and spiriting off any streaks left in the surface. The fad is first used to put a thinned coat of shellac on, thicker coats with small amounts of superfine pumice, the pumice acts both as a fine abrasive and to fill the pores of open-grain woods. Each coat must be dry before the next application, to avoid lifting out the softened finish.
The fad is mostly lubricated with an oil that is integrated into the overall finish and this helps to prevent the fad from lifting previously applied layers of shellac. Typically, softer oils, such as oil, will produce a glossier and less durable finish whereas harder oils, such as walnut oil and olive oil
Peg o' My Heart
Peg o My Heart is a popular song written by Alfred Bryan and Fred Fisher. It was published on March 15,1913 and it featured in the 1913 musical Ziegfeld Follies. The song was first performed publicly by Irving Kaufman in 1912 at The College Inn in New York City after he had stumbled across a draft of sheet music on a shelf at the Leo Feist offices. The song was inspired by the character in the very successful musical comedy of the time Peg O’ My Heart starring Laurette Taylor in the title role. Taylor appeared on the cover of early published sheet music, the song, performed by Max Harris and his Novelty Trio, was used as the theme of the BBC miniseries The Singing Detective. Celtic punk band Dropkick Murphys covered the song on their 2011 album and their version features a guest appearance by Bruce Springsteen. Notable recordings of the include, Charles W
Pot Luck (1936 film)
Pot Luck is a 1936 British comedy film directed by and starring Tom Walls. The screenplay is by Ben Travers based loosely on his 1930 stage play A Night Like This and it featured Ralph Lynn, Robertson Hare, Diana Churchill and Martita Hunt. The cast included members of the regular Aldwych Farce company, a retired Scotland Yard detective, Patrick Fitzpatrick comes back to take one final case, tracking down a missing vase which has been stolen by a gang of thieves specialising in taking art treasures. His investigation takes him to the home of the innocent Mr Pye, oRourke - Kelly Cyril Smith - Miller
Maud Gonne MacBride was an English-born Irish revolutionary and actress. Of Anglo-Irish stock and birth, she was won over to Irish nationalism by the plight of evicted people in the Land Wars and she actively agitated for Home Rule. After her mother died while Maud was still a child, her father sent her to a school in France to be educated. The Gonnes came from Co Mayo, but my grandfather was disinherited and sought fortune abroad trading in Spanish wine. My grandfather was head of a firm with houses in London. In 1882 her father, an officer, was posted to Dublin. She accompanied him and remained with him until his death and she returned to France after a bout of tuberculosis and fell in love with a right wing politician, Lucien Millevoye. They agreed to fight for Irish independence and to regain Alsace-Lorraine for France and she returned to Ireland and worked tirelessly for the release of Irish political prisoners from jail. In 1889, she first met William Butler Yeats, who fell in love with her, in 1890 she returned to France where she once again met Millevoye.
In 1889 she had a son, with Millevoye, he died, possibly of meningitis, Gonne was distraught, and buried him in a large memorial chapel built for him with money she had inherited. Her distress remained with her, in her will she asked for Georgess baby shoes to be interred with her, in Dublin and Paris she was attracted to the occultist and spiritualist worlds deeply important to Yeats, asking his friends about the reality of reincarnation. In 1891 she briefly joined the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, Gonne separated from Millevoye after Georges death, but in late 1893 she arranged to meet him at the mausoleum in Samois-sur-Seine and, next to the coffin, they had sexual intercourse. Her purpose was to conceive a baby with the same father, in August 1894 Gonnes daughter Iseult was born. During the 1890s Gonne travelled extensively throughout England, Scotland, in 1899 her relationship with Millevoye ended. Gonne, in opposition to the attempts of the British to gain the loyalty of the young Irish during the early 1900s, was known to hold special receptions for children.
She, along with volunteers, fought to preserve the Irish culture during the period of Britains colonization. They decided to combat in every way English influence doing so much injury to the artistic taste, in 1897, along with Yeats and Arthur Griffith, she organised protests against Queen Victorias Diamond Jubilee. In April 1902, she took a role in Yeatss play Cathleen Ní Houlihan
On the Night of the Fire
On the Night of the Fire, released in the United States as The Fugitive, is a 1939 British thriller, directed by Brian Desmond Hurst and starring Ralph Richardson and Diana Wynyard. The film is based on the novel of the name by F. L. Green. It was shot on location in Newcastle upon Tyne and was released shortly after the outbreak of World War II, Film critic David Quinlan describes the film as grim but gripping. Andrew Spicer, in his book European Film Noir, struggling Tyneside barber Will Kobling is in financial trouble. One evening, opportunistically and on impulse, he steals £100 from a factory where a window has been accidentally left open. He hopes the money will represent a new start for him and his hopes are soon dashed when Kit confesses to being heavily in debt to local draper Pilleger, who has been pressuring her to pay up. Most of the stolen cash has to go on settling Kits debt, Pilleger banks the money, only to receive a visit from the police to inform him that the serial numbers of the notes match those stolen from the factory.
He professes himself an innocent party, claiming not to know which of his customers the ill-gotten cash came from. Pilleger comes up with a scheme to blackmail Kobling, promising silence in return for a payment of £3 per week, Kobling is horrified to contemplate the extra financial burden being placed on him indefinitely, but sees no option but to consent. Some time later, and facing the loss of his business through lack of ready cash, an ideal opportunity presents itself when a huge fire breaks out in the neighbourhood, leading to chaos which distracts the police and the local population. He confronts Pilleger and a fight out, ending in Pillegers death. The police suspect that Kobling is involved and begin to use tactics to break him down. Kobling is seen at Pillegers store on the night of his murder by Lizzie Crane, a local eccentric. The populace start to shun Kobling and bay for justice, but the police do not believe Lizzies word will stand up as evidence, as they continue to put pressure on him, Kobling comes close to breaking point
Maire ONeill was an Irish actress of stage and film. Born Mary Agnes Allgood at 40 Abbey Street, she was one of eight children of compositor George and french polisher Margaret Allgood and her father was sternly Protestant and against all music and entertainment, and her mother a strict Catholic. After her father died in 1896, she was placed in an orphanage and she was apprenticed to a dressmaker. One of Allgoods brothers, became a Catholic priest, maud Gonne set up Inghinidhe na hÉireann in 1900 to educate women about Irish history and the arts, and Allgood and her sister Sara joined the associations drama classes around 1903. Their acting teacher, Willie Fay, enrolled them in the National Theatre Society, Maire was part of the Abbey Theatre from 1906-1918 where she appeared in many productions. In 1994 she was cast in a play by Irish playwright Teresa Deevy called Katie Roche where she played the part of Margaret Drybone, there were 38 performances in this production. In 1905 Molly met Irish playwright John Millington Synge and they fell in love, in September 1907 he had surgery for the removal of troublesome neck glands, but a tumour was found to be inoperable.
They became engaged before his death in March 1909, Synge wrote the plays The Playboy of the Western World and Deirdre of the Sorrows for Allgood. Under her professional name Maire ONeill, she appeared in films from 1930-53, including Alfred Hitchcocks film version of Seán OCaseys play Juno and she made her American debut in New York in 1914 in the play General John Regan at the Hudson Theatre. In June 1911 she married G. H and he died suddenly on 3 January 1926. Six months she married Arthur Sinclair, an Abbey actor and they had two children but divorced. Her sister Saras husband and baby died of influenza during the Spanish flu, Sara died two years before her, they had become estranged. She died in Park Prewett Hospital, England, on 2 November 1952, aged 66, joseph OConnors 2010 novel, Ghost Light, is loosely based on Allgoods relationship with Synge. Sing As We Go Irish Hearts Come Out of the Pantry Riders to the Sea Fame Farewell Again Spring Handicap Glamorous Night Bulldog Drummond at Bay Penny Paradise Oh Boy, st Martins Lane Sword of Honour On the Night of the Fire Dr