Jana Rae Kramer is an country music singer and actress. She is known for her role as Alex Dupre on the television series One Tree Hill. Kramer began her musical career in 2012, has released a total of two albums: Jana Kramer in 2012, Thirty One three years later; these albums have produced seven charted singles for her on Hot Country Songs and Country Airplay, including the top 10 hits "Why Ya Wanna" and "I Got the Boy". In addition, she competed on season 23 of Dancing with the Stars. Kramer was born in Michigan, to Nora and Martin Kramer. Kramer attended Rochester Adams High School, she speaks some German. She has Steve. In 2002, Kramer made her acting debut in the low-budget independent horror film Dead/Undead; the following year Kramer guest appeared on All My Children. Kramer has since continued to appear in a number of television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Grey's Anatomy, Private Practice and CSI: NY, she has had small supporting roles in films such as Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis, Prom Night, Heart of the Country, Country Crush, Spring Breakdown.
In 2007, Kramer appeared in a recurring role on the NBC sports drama television series Friday Night Lights. She played the role of Noelle Davenport in the series' second season. In 2008 Kramer appeared in The CW teen drama series 90210, a reboot of the 1990s teen drama television series Beverly Hills 90210. Kramer played the role of high school student Portia Ranson and made her debut in the first season's second episode "The Jet Set", her role went on for six episodes and Kramer made her final appearance in "The Party's Over", which aired May 5, 2009. In 2009, Kramer appeared on the HBO dramedy television series Entourage. Kramer played the role of a sorority girl who seduces the character Turtle, appeared in four episodes. In June 2009, it was announced Kramer would star in the CW drama television series seventh season of One Tree Hill. Kramer played the role of Alex Dupre, an actress and tabloid darling who becomes the new face of Brooke Davis's fashion line, "Clothes Over Bros", creates havoc for the residents of Tree Hill.
Kramer made her debut in the season's first episode. Kramer's appearance on the show was meant to be in a recurring form, but her role was upgraded to a series regular by the season's fourteenth episode, "Family Affair". In March 2012, Kramer announced she would not appear in the show's ninth and final season in order to pursue her music career. Kramer made her final appearance in the second episode of the ninth season, "In the Room Where You Sleep", which aired on January 18, 2012. In February 2011, Kramer signed a recording contract with Elektra Records; that same month she premiered her promo track, "I Won't Give Up", which premiered in the One Tree Hill episode, "Holding Out for a Hero", was released the following day on iTunes and Amazon. The song reached; the following month Kramer began work on her debut album. Country music producer Scott Hendricks produced the majority of the record. In April 2011, Kramer released another promo track, titled "Whiskey", which she performed on One Tree Hill.
The song reached number 99 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart on digital sales alone. In February 2012, Kramer was cast as the protagonist in the independent drama film, Heart of the Country, playing the role of a privileged young woman, Faith Carraday, following her show-biz dreams but leaves it all and moves to rural North Carolina after her husband is jailed for Wall Street fraud. Kramer is attached to a horror film named The Gatekeeper. On January 16, 2012, Kramer released her official debut single, "Why Ya Wanna". Kramer premiered the official music video, directed by Kristin Barlowe, on February 6, 2012; the song peaked at number 52 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart and number 3 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart. "Whiskey" is the album's second official single. On June 1, 2012, Kramer made her first televised live performance on Fox & Friends to promote her debut album, she performed "Why Ya Wanna" in front of a crowd of fans in New York City. On June 5, 2012, Kramer released her self-titled debut album Jana Kramer.
The record received positive reviews from critics with many praising Kramer's vocal performance. On June 5, 2013, Nationwide Insurance released the first of a series of commercials in its "Join the Nation" campaign, featuring Kramer as a stealthy woman dressed in black leather who follows a team of burglars and replaces the items they steal with newer versions to promote Nationwide's "Brand New Belongings" initiative. Nationwide had signed Kramer to sing the Nationwide jingle in August 2012. A second commercial, released in April 2014, featured Kramer's character replacing items in a fire-blackened apartment to promote Nationwide's renters' insurance. In November 2014, Jana reprised her Nationwide role, this time as a sexy Santa Claus-like figure replacing items during Christmas season. Nationwide's advertising partner McKinney is behind the spots. In July 2013, Kramer opened for Blake Shelton on his Ten Times Crazier Tour in Virginia Beach, VA. In August 2013, the independent film Approaching Midnight starring Kramer had its world premiere at the Emagine Royal Oak in Michigan.
On August 30, 2016, Kramer was announced as one of the celebrities who would compete on season 23 of Dancing with the Stars. She was partnered with professional partner Gleb Savchenko. Kramer and Savchenko finished in 4th place. Kramer married Michael Gambino in Las Vegas, Nevada, in 2004, they divorced several months later. On December 22, 2009, Kramer became engaged to actor Johnathon Schaech; the cou
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
This article refers to a line of toys. For the flat, slitted transparent bags used to hold documents, see Punched pocket. Polly Pocket is a toy line of accessories; the name "Pocket" originates from the fact that many of the original Polly Pocket dolls came in pocket-size cases. The Fashion Polly dolls sold by Mattel are different from those created and sold by Bluebird Toys. Polly Pocket was first designed by Chris Wiggs in 1983 for his daughter Kate Wiggs. Using a powder compact, he fashioned a small house for the tiny doll. Bluebird Toys of Swindon, England licensed the concept and the first Polly Pocket toys appeared in stores in 1989. Mattel held a distribution arrangement with Bluebird Toys for Polly Pocket items in the early-1990s. In 1998, while production lulled, Bluebird Toys endured multiple hostile take-over attempts until Mattel purchased them that year; the sets made by Bluebird Toys are now valuable collectables. The original Polly Pocket toys were plastic cases which opened to form a dollhouse or other playset with Polly Pocket figurines less than an inch tall.
The dolls folded in the middle, like the case, had circular bases which slotted into holes in the case interior, allowing them to stand securely at particular points in the house. This was useful for moving points in the case; because the dolls were so small, sometimes they came enclosed in pendants or large rings instead of the more typical playset cases. In 1998, Mattel redesigned Polly Pocket; the new doll was larger, with a more lifelike appearance than the original dolls. She had a straight ponytail, rather than the curly bob hairstyle used previously; the following year, Mattel introduced'Fashion Polly!', which used the same characters from the new Polly Pocket, but they came in the form of 3 3⁄4 inches plastic jointed dolls. They gave a new spin on fashion dolls. There are some boy dolls Like Barbie and Bratz dolls, they star in Polly Pocket movies and sites. In 2002, Mattel stopped producing the smaller Polly Pocket playset range but continued to produce the larger fashion doll. In 2004, Mattel introduced.
Instead of having rubbery clothes, the dolls had plastic clothes that would click together by magnets. On November 22, 2006, 4.4 million Polly Pocket play sets were recalled by Mattel after children in the United States swallowed loose magnetic parts. Affected toys had been sold around the world for three years prior. For the 2010 relaunch, Mattel made further changes to the Polly dolls, including increasing feet size, head size and leg size, although the height remains the same. However, fan reactions were mixed. In 2012, Polly Pocket toys were discontinued in the USA, but remained available in Europe and South America; the brand dwindled only being sold in Brazil. By 2015, Polly Pocket was discontinued by Mattel in the North America,On February 12, 2018, Garrett Sander announced on his Instagram page that Polly Pocket would be making a comeback, The new toys are miniature dolls in playsets, like the original 1990s Polly Pocket, rather than the larger Fashion Polly. However, they are larger than the original 1990s version.
Rather than slotting into holes in the case, the new Polly is made of a flexible plastic that sticks to certain surfaces, but bends so she can sit in a chair. Below are the list of characters who appeared in the Polly Pocket series: Polly Pocket - the title character with light tone skin, blonde hair and light blue eyes, she is described to be confident, friendly, adventurous and loyal. She loves having fun and friends, she has many hobbies, such as roller-skating, water-skiing, shopping, playing music, singing. Polly has a fun-and-cool fashion style. Voiced by Tegan Moss, Sue Thorpe, Emily Tennant. Shani - dark tone skin, dark brown hair and brown eyes, she is described to be creative. Shani is a technical genius who loves taking things apart to see how they work, as well as a proficient inventor, she loves gadgets, such as MP3 headphones. Shani has an urban fashion style. Voiced by Chiara Zanni, Erin Fitzgerald, Kazumi Evans. Lila - pale tone skin, brown hair and light purple eyes, strawberry blonde hair and blue eyes a redhead and green eyes.
She is described to be fashionable. Lila is a fashionista who loves to go shopping for the latest styles and accessories, she is best friends with Crissy, as well as a talented dancer. Lila's fashion style is glam. In the 2018 reboot, her last name is Draper. Voiced by Brittney Wilson, Kate Higgins, Shannon Chan-Kent. Lea - tan tone skin with freckles, orange hair and light green eyes, red hair and blue eyes, she is described to be giggly. Lea is an athlete who enjoys many sports, like soccer, she is an animal lover. Lea's fashion style is girly. Voiced by Natalie Walters and Erin Fitzgerald. Crissy - pale tone skin, black hair and blue eyes, olive tone skin, black hair with a magenta streak, brown eyes, she is described to be stylish and outspoken, hates it when her looks are messed up. Crissy is an aspiring fashion designer, always full of many artistic, fashionable ideas and she'd love to be a rock star, she has many hobbies, such as roller-skating, snowb
Continuum (TV series)
Continuum is a Canadian science fiction series created by Simon Barry that premiered on Showcase on May 27, 2012, ran for four seasons. It was produced by Reunion Pictures, Boy Meets Girl Film Company, Shaw Media; the plot centres on the conflict between a group of terrorists from the year 2077 who time travel to Vancouver, British Columbia, in 2012, a police officer who unintentionally accompanies them. In spite of being many years early, the terrorist group decides to continue its violent campaign to stop corporations of the future from replacing governments, while the police officer endeavours to stop them without revealing to everyone that she and the terrorists are from the future. City Protective Services law enforcement officer Kiera Cameron lives with her husband and son in 2077-era Vancouver under the corporatocratic and oligarchic dystopia of the North American Union and its Corporate Congress, a technologically advanced high-surveillance police state; when a group of self-proclaimed freedom fighters known as Liber8 escape execution by fleeing to the year 2012, Kiera is involuntarily transported with them.
Joining with Detective Carlos Fonnegra of the Vancouver Police Department and enlisting the help of teen computer genius—and future corporate oligarch—Alec Sadler, Kiera works to track down and thwart Edouard Kagame and his followers in the present day while concealing her identity as a time-traveller from the future, tries to find a way to return home to her family. Episodes from the first season and the second begin with the plot of the show narrated via a voice-over from the point of view of Kiera Cameron. 2077. My time, my city, my family; when terrorists killed thousands of innocents, they were condemned to die. They had other plans. A time travel device sent us all back sixty-five years. I want to get home, their plan: to corrupt and control the present in order to win the future. What they didn't plan on was me. Starting with the third season, the narration was replaced by a new sequence that contains a computer-animated version of the time travel device, scenes from previous seasons, cast credits, before finishing with Kiera Cameron holding the device, followed by the title card.
Rachel Nichols as City Protective Services "Protector" Kiera Cameron, a law enforcement agent from 2077-era Vancouver, sent back into the past with the members of Liber8 during their escape attempt at their execution. Cut off from her time period, she joins the Vancouver Police Department to pursue Liber8 and thwart their plans to alter the time-line using her new position in the police department and the technology that she brought with her. At the beginning of Season Three, Kiera travels back in time from a week in the future when Alec attempts to change history, but the changes to history result in the death of her'past' self—referred to as "Green Kiera" in the future—while the version of her from the original time-line remains. In the series finale, "Red Kiera" returns to 2077, albeit a different time-line than the one she was sent from, sees yet another version of herself, she realises she can never be with her son, but through motivation from Alec, she realises she can at least love and experience him growing up from a distance.
Victor Webster as Vancouver Police Department Detective Carlos Fonnegra, Kiera's partner with the present-day police. Throughout the course of the second season, Fonnegra becomes disillusioned with the VPD's changing police procedures and is seen shaking hands with and joining Julian at the conclusion of the episode "Second Time" with colleague Betty Robertson, he had some trouble dealing with the discovery of two Kieras when he learned about the time-travel, although he was still willing to conceal the body of "Green Kiera" if he kept the body on ice to talk to her about his complex feelings. He was promoted to Inspector when Dillon moved on to work with Kellog after a suicidal attack by Sonya left him disfigured and crippled, working with Kiera to deal with the threat posed by the new time-travellers and Kellog's schemes; when "Red Kiera" is returned to 2077, she found that a park was commissioned and named in his memory. Erik Knudsen as the young Alec Sadler; as a teenager, before he went on to found SadTech, Alec is reclusive and prefers to spend time in his computer lab.
As of the third season, there are two Alecs in the time-line: "Green Alec,", only aware of the one time-line, "Red Alec," who travelled back in time from a week in the future to save his girlfriend's life, distinguished from his "Green" self due to a scar on his left temple from where he was shot while preparing to use the time machine. Green Alec was killed in a fight with Red Alec when he proved to be too dangerous, his actions creating a new alternate time-line. After Kiera returned to her time, Alec worked with his new friends and allies to create a better world for her, with Kiera being reunited with the elderly Alec of 2077 upon her return, Alec showing her the bright new world they have created. Stephen Lobo as Matthew Kellog, a former member of Liber8. Kellog deserts from the group in the first season and hopes to build a new and wealthy life for himself in the past using his knowledge of the future, his corporate
Lord Byng Secondary School
Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, was responsible for the incorporation of tanks on a large scale at the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada; the school is renowned in the Greater Vancouver region for its selective Byng Arts mini-school program, as well as for its varsity sports programs and wide assortment of Advanced Placement and Enriched courses. The school was expanded and upgraded in 2003 with a library and gymnasium, as well as studios and classrooms. In the 2005-2006 school year, Byng Arts Theatre Company and the school gained national attention and respect for staging the play The Laramie Project after the Surrey School Board banned the play; the Byng Arts Mini School is a program for students that places artistic development at the core of the high school experience through enrichment in the fine arts as well as academics.
Traditionally, students have specialized in Visual Arts, Strings, or Theatre, but options have expanded to include Literary Arts, Media Arts, Choir. The school offers a program, designed for students who wish to direct their energies and passions towards the arts, to work within a community of students who share their interests, to maintain strong academic achievement; the program promotes academic and artistic excellence through curricular and extracurricular activities in the fine arts, literary arts and applied fine arts. Lord Byng sports teams are named for their school mascot the Grey Ghost. Lord Byng sports teams include Cross-country, Bantam Boys Rugby, Juvenile Boys Rugby, Bantam Girls Volleyball, Juv/Junior Girls Volleyball, Senior Girls Volleyball, Girls Basketball, Bantam Girls Basketball, Juvenile Girls Basketball, Jr/Senior Girls Basketball, Boys Basketball, Bantam Boys Basketball, Juv/Junior Boys Basketball, Senior Boys Basketball, Bantam Boys Volleyball, Grade 8/Juvenile Girls Soccer, Senior Girls Soccer, Girls Premier Soccer, Gymnastics, Girls Softball, Track & Field, Junior Boys Rugby, Senior Boys Rugby and Golf as well as inter-mural sports.
Some of their recent wins include their Cross Country team's Team Aggregate Championship award and the Grade 8 Boys Rugby City Championship for defeating Charles Tupper 15-12 in the finals. They won the Tier II Senior Girls Basketball City Championships in the 2011 - 2012 season. Under the direction of the Fine Arts department head, Scott MacLennan, Lord Byng has one of the best music programs in the Lower Mainland. Many of the groups, including the high-level Senior Honour Orchestra and Senior Wind Ensemble, have placed first or gold in provincial and national competitions. Under the direction of Odette Kurth, Lord Byng's strings ensembles have won over 25 Kiwanis Festival Gold Awards and three Gold Awards from the National Competition MusicFest. In 2008, the Senior Honour Orchestra won the trophy for first place in the North West Orchestra Competition in Portland, in 2010, both Junior and Senior Honour Orchestras received gold standing in the Heritage Music Festival in Seattle, Washington.
The Senior Honour Orchestra were invited to compete in the 2012 American String Teachers Association National Orchestra Festival in Atlanta, where they placed second against advanced American school orchestras. In March 2014, under the baton of Odette Kurth, the flagship orchestra, the Senior Honours Orchestra, competed in the National School Orchestra Finals in the prestigious Alice Tully Hall at Lincoln Center, in New York City; this orchestra competed against several American orchestras and was crowned first-place champion of the 2014 Orchestra Cup. Trophies brought back include the National Orchestra Cup, Best Solo Violinist Award and Best String Orchestra Award. In April 2017, the Senior Honour Orchestra competed at World Strides Festival of Golds, against dozens of other orchestras and choirs all over North America the United States, they played on the dazzling stage of Davie's Symphony Hall, for the encore concert after the competition, played for the US veterans and obtained a unanimous standing ovation.
They obtained 1st place out of all the other music groups, under the watchful eye of Odette Kurth, are invited to participate in yet another competition, this time in Chicago. On May 5th of the same year, both Senior Honour, a combination of Junior and Intermediate Orchestras competed at the Kiwanis Festival held at Douglas College. Both orchestras obtained 1st place in their respective divisions, along with invitations and scholarships for certain outstanding grade 12 students; the Lord Byng Symphony Orchestra is one of the few public school symphony orchestras in the province. Students are expected to perform unabridged pieces. A few grade 12 soloists are chosen to perform concertos. For the Vancouver Courier's 2012 "Stars of Vancouver Readers Choice Awards", readers placed the Lord Byng Symphony Orchestra in third place under the category "Classical Music Ensemble", behind the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra and the UBC Symphony Orchestra; some of the classes that are offered in band and strings are: Beginner Band Junior Band Intermediate Band Senior Band Wind Ensemble Junior Jazz Band Intermediate Jazz Band Senior Jazz Band Beginner Orchestra Junior Orchestra Intermediate Orchestra Senior Orchestra Junior Honours Orchestra Senior Honours Orchestra Junior Symphony Orchestra Lord Byng Symphony Orchestra Junior Cho
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic is a Canadian-American children's animated fantasy television series created by Lauren Faust for Hasbro. The series is based on Hasbro's My Little Pony line of toys and animated works and is referred to by collectors as the fourth generation of the franchise; the series premiered on October 2010, on The Hub cable channel. Hasbro selected animator Lauren Faust as the executive producer for the show. Faust sought to challenge the established nature of the existing My Little Pony line, creating more in-depth characters and adventurous settings; the show follows a studious anthropomorphic unicorn pony named Twilight Sparkle as her mentor Princess Celestia guides her to learn about friendship in the town of Ponyville. Twilight and her dragon assistant Spike become close friends with five other ponies: Applejack, Fluttershy, Rainbow Dash, Pinkie Pie; each of the ponies represent a different facet of friendship, Twilight discovers herself to be a key part of the magical artifacts known as the "Elements of Harmony".
The ponies travel on adventures and help others around Equestria while working out problems that arise in their own friendships. The series has become a major commercial success, becoming the most rated original production in the Hub Network's broadcast history and leading to new merchandising opportunities for Hasbro, including books, collectible trading cards, comics. Despite the target demographic of young girls, Friendship Is Magic has gained a large following of older viewers young and middle-aged men, who call themselves "bronies". Portions of the show have become part of the remix culture, have formed the basis for a variety of internet memes; as of April 2019, the show is on its ninth and final season. A feature-length film adaptation directly based on the TV series, titled My Little Pony: The Movie, was theatrically released on October 6, 2017 in the United States. A spin-off franchise, My Little Pony: Equestria Girls, was launched in 2013; the first two films, Equestria Girls and Rainbow Rocks, has been shown in limited theatrical screenings prior to television broadcast and home media release.
Hasbro, Inc. has produced several incarnations and lines of toys and entertainment related to the My Little Pony franchise labeled by collectors as "generations". The animated series My Little Pony Tales which premiered in 1992 was the toy line's most recent television series before Friendship Is Magic, featuring the pony designs of the first toy line, it was followed by various direct-to-video releases, which featured designs up to the third incarnation of the franchise. Just as Michael Bay's film had helped to boost the new Transformers toy line, Hasbro wanted to retool the My Little Pony franchise and update it to better suit the current demographic and taste of young girls. According to Margaret Loesch, CEO of Hub Network, revisiting properties that had worked in the past was an important programming decision, influenced to an extent by the opinions of the network's programming executives, a number of whom were once fans of such shows. Senior Vice President Linda Steiner stated that they "intended to have the show appeal to a larger demographic", with the concept of "co-viewing" of parents with their children being a central theme of the Hub Network's programming.
Central themes that Hasbro sought for the show included friendships and working together, factors they determined from market research in how girls played with their toys. Animator and writer Lauren Faust approached Hasbro, seeking to develop her girls' toys property "Galaxy Girls" into an animated series. Faust, who had worked on Cartoon Network's The Powerpuff Girls and Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, had been pitching original animation aimed at girls for years, but had always been rejected by studios and networks because cartoons for girls were considered unsuccessful; when she pitched to Lisa Licht of Hasbro Studios, Licht showed Faust one of their recent My Little Pony animated works, Princess Promenade, "completely on the fly". Licht considered that Faust's style was well suited to that line, asked her to consider "some ideas where to take a new version of the franchise". Faust was hired by Hasbro to create a pitch bible for the show, allowing her to get additional help with conceptualization.
Faust said she was "extremely skeptical" about taking the job at first because she had always found shows based on girls' toys to be boring and unrelatable. My Little Pony was one of her favorite childhood toys, but she was disappointed that her imagination at the time was nothing like the animated shows, in which the characters, according to Faust, "just had endless tea parties, giggled over nothing and defeated villains by either sharing with them or crying". With the chance to work on My Little Pony, she hoped to prove that "cartoons for girls don't have to be a puddle of smooshy, cutesy-wootsy, goody-two-shoeness". To do this, she incorporated into the design of the characters and the show many elements that contradicted idealized stereotypes of girls, such as diverse personalities, the message that friends can be different and can get into arguments but still be friends, the idea that girls should not be limited by what others say they can or cannot do. Elements of the characters' personalities and the show's settings were based on her own childhood imagination of the ponies' adventures, in part inspired by the animated shows that her brothers would watch while growing up, such as Transformers and G.
I. Joe. Faus
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 5.016 million as of 2018, it is Canada's third-most populous province. The first British settlement in the area was Fort Victoria, established in 1843, which gave rise to the City of Victoria, at first the capital of the separate Colony of Vancouver Island. Subsequently, on the mainland, the Colony of British Columbia was founded by Richard Clement Moody and the Royal Engineers, Columbia Detachment, in response to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush. Moody was Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for the Colony and the first Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: he was hand-picked by the Colonial Office in London to transform British Columbia into the British Empire's "bulwark in the farthest west", "to found a second England on the shores of the Pacific". Moody selected the site for and founded the original capital of British Columbia, New Westminster, established the Cariboo Road and Stanley Park, designed the first version of the Coat of arms of British Columbia.
Port Moody is named after him. In 1866, Vancouver Island became part of the colony of British Columbia, Victoria became the united colony's capital. In 1871, British Columbia became the sixth province of Canada, its Latin motto is Splendor sine occasu. The capital of British Columbia remains Victoria, the fifteenth-largest metropolitan region in Canada, named for Queen Victoria, who ruled during the creation of the original colonies; the largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In October 2013, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,606,371; the province is governed by the British Columbia New Democratic Party, led by John Horgan, in a minority government with the confidence and supply of the Green Party of British Columbia. Horgan became premier as a result of a no-confidence motion on June 29, 2017. British Columbia evolved from British possessions that were established in what is now British Columbia by 1871.
First Nations, the original inhabitants of the land, have a history of at least 10,000 years in the area. Today there are few treaties, the question of Aboriginal Title, long ignored, has become a legal and political question of frequent debate as a result of recent court actions. Notably, the Tsilhqot'in Nation has established Aboriginal title to a portion of their territory, as a result of the 2014 Supreme Court of Canada decision in Tsilhqot'in Nation v British Columbia; the province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria, when the Colony of British Columbia, i.e. "the Mainland", became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, in southeastern British Columbia, the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from the United States, which became the Oregon Territory on August 8, 1848, as a result of the treaty.
The Columbia in the name British Columbia is derived from the name of the Columbia Rediviva, an American ship which lent its name to the Columbia River and the wider region. British Columbia is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and the American state of Alaska, to the north by Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, to the east by the province of Alberta, to the south by the American states of Washington and Montana; the southern border of British Columbia was established by the 1846 Oregon Treaty, although its history is tied with lands as far south as California. British Columbia's land area is 944,735 square kilometres. British Columbia's rugged coastline stretches for more than 27,000 kilometres, includes deep, mountainous fjords and about 6,000 islands, most of which are uninhabited, it is the only province in Canada. British Columbia's capital is Victoria, located at the southeastern tip of Vancouver Island. Only a narrow strip of Vancouver Island, from Campbell River to Victoria, is populated.
Much of the western part of Vancouver Island and the rest of the coast is covered by temperate rainforest. The province's most populous city is Vancouver, at the confluence of the Fraser River and Georgia Strait, in the mainland's southwest corner. By land area, Abbotsford is the largest city. Vanderhoof is near the geographic centre of the province; the Coast Mountains and the Inside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry. 75% of the province is mountainous. The province's mainland away from the coastal regions is somewhat moderated by the Pacific Ocean. Terrain ranges from dry inland forests and semi-arid valleys, to the range and canyon districts of the Central and Southern Interior, to boreal forest and subarctic prairie in the Northern Interior. High mountain regions both north and south subalpine climate; the Okanagan area, extending from Vernon to Osoyoos at the United States border, is one of several wine and cider-produci