York Theatre Royal
York Theatre Royal is a theatre in St. Leonard's Place, England, which dates back to 1744; the theatre seats 847 people. This reduced capacity takes into account removal of the mixing position seats and the stage side boxes which are not sold. Whilst the theatre is traditionally a proscenium theatre, it was reconfigured for a season in 2011 to offer productions in-the-round; the theatre puts on many of its own productions, under its Artistic Director Damian Cruden, as well as hosting touring companies, one of, Pilot Theatre, a national touring company which co-produces its work with the theatre. Additionally the main stage and studio are used by local amateur dramatic and operatic societies. York Theatre Royal was one of the co-producers of the historic York Mystery Plays 2012 which were staged in York Museum Gardens between 2–27 August; the theatre reopened on Friday 22 April 2016 following a £6million redevelopment, with a new roof, an extended and re-modelled front of house area, a refurbished and redecorated main auditorium and with major improvements to access and environmental impact.
York Theatre Royal was built in 1744 on, among, the site of the medieval St. Leonard's Hospital. Parts of the old hospital can still be seen in the modern building, including walls. Under the stage lies a well, believed to be dated from the Roman era of York's history; the 1744 theatre replaced a theatre in Minster Yard, built by Thomas Keregan, with the encouragement of the City Corporation, in 1734. Twenty five years after its construction, in 1769, Tate Wilkinson paid £500 for a Royal Patent, accordingly, it was renamed the Theatre Royal. Wilkinson ran a company that included theatres in Hull, Pontefract and other Yorkshire towns, his company was reckoned to be the leading provincial company, he attracted many of the finest actors of the period, including John Philip Kemble and his sister Sarah Siddons, Dorothea Jordan and Elizabeth Farren, to act in York. Since Wilkinson's time the theatre has undergone several upgrades. In the late 1800s the theatre was refurbished into the Victorian style, including, in 1880, a new Victorian Gothic frontage, decorated with carved heads representing Elizabeth I and characters from Shakespeare's plays.
The latest major redevelopment was an extensive renovation of the theatre, with a new modernist foyer, in 1967. The theatre has been designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage; the theatre's annual pantomime has for more than 30 years been written and directed by Berwick Kaler, who stars in the show. Theatre Royal Official website York Mystery Plays 2012
Das Erste is the flagship national television channel of the ARD association of public broadcasting corporations in Germany. ARD and ZDF – "the Second" German Television Channel – together comprise the public service television broadcasters in the German television system. Das Erste is jointly operated by the nine regional public broadcasting corporations that are members of the ARD; the channel was launched on 25 December 1952 as NWDR-Fernsehen and renamed to Deutsches Fernsehen in 1954. Since 1996, the official brand is Das Erste. In colloquial speech, the station is called Erstes Programm, or by its metonym, ARD; the channel's first experimental broadcast was on 27 November 1950 as the TV channel of the NWDR, which in 1956 split into NDR and WDR. The regular NWDR television service started on 25 December 1952. Nationwide transmission began on 1 November 1954 within the ARD framework, under the name Deutsches Fernsehen, it was West Germany's only television channel prior to the establishment of ZDF in 1963.
The new channel consisted of jointly-produced shows such as the nightly news programme Tagesschau, as well as broadcasts produced individually by ARD member stations. The programs were coordinated by the Programmdirektion based in Munich. Besides several entertaining shows, ARD went political in 1957 when it launched its first political TV magazine, Panorama. Germany's first political TV show adopted the slogan "What is being talked about and what should be talked about" and pictured all aspects of postwar West German society—including conflict-laden topics and other taboo topics, such as former Nazis who had held important roles. ARD produced a provisional second TV channel from 1 June 1961 until ZDF started its transmissions on 1 April 1963. Colour television was introduced on 25 August 1967. From 1 September 1995 Das Erste broadcasts 24 hours a day; the channel's name was changed to Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen on 30 September 1984. Around 1984, a new corporate design was introduced; the previous logo, with stylized waves, was replaced by a new logo showing a stylized number "1", still in use today.
It changed its name to Das Erste in 1997, but the long name Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen is still used for some purposes. Informally, it is known as ARD among viewers. In addition to its SD broadcast, a 720p50 HD version of the channel, Das Erste HD, is broadcast. Broadcast of Das Erste HD began in February 2010 with the coverage of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Das Erste HD is available via satellite, cable, IPTV, encoded using H.264 AVC, on digital terrestrial television in 1080p50, encoded using H.265 HEVC. All nine of Germany's regional public-broadcasting organizations contribute to the output of Das Erste and broadcast its programming in a common schedule; each regional member of ARD contributes programming to the channel's schedule in proportion to the population of the area it serves. As of February 2006, the time allocations as percentage shares of total broadcast hours were: Before 1990, Das Erste was only distributed in West Germany, was exclusively broadcast using transmitters owned by the Deutsche Bundespost.
However, the transmitters were powerful enough that Das Erste could be seen in nearly all of East Germany as well. Indeed, Das Erste's broadcasts its newscasts, were far more popular in East Germany than those of state broadcaster Deutscher Fernsehfunk. Exceptions included Dresden, located in a deep valley in southeastern East Germany, the area around Rügen. One popular nickname for ARD in East Germany was Außer Rügen und Dresden. On 15 December 1990 following reunification, programming from ARD was distributed by Deutsche Post of the GDR for the first time; the GDR-transmitters were taken over by the Bundespost and merged organizationally with the West German transmitters. The transmitters of the Bundespost were transferred in 1995 to Deutsche Telekom, in turn to T-Systems. Between 2002 and 2008 the transmission facilities in Germany were successively converted from the analogue terrestrial PAL standard to the new digital terrestrial DVB-T television standard. Das Erste is available throughout Europe on free-to-air digital satellite television via Astra, as well as on many cable providers.
Transmission via the Hot Bird satellite was stopped on 1 April 2017. The average age of the viewers is 61 years. Official website DasErste Mediathek
Joseph Maxwell Dempsie is an English actor, known for the roles of Chris Miles in the E4 teen comedy-drama Skins and Gendry in Game of Thrones. Dempsie's earlier acting credits include the medical dramas Peak Practice and Sweet Medicine, as well as the films One for the Road and Heartlands, he appeared in This is England'86 and This is England'90, Born and Bred, a BBC documentary-drama about Norfolk farmer Tony Martin, the villainous John in The Fades. Dempsie grew up in West Bridgford in Nottingham, he received his acting training from Nottingham. He was educated at The West Bridgford School, he has been the voice of the Clearasil advertisements in the UK. Dempsie is a keen Nottingham Forest football fan and attends many home and away matches, he appeared on the UK Saturday morning football show Soccer AM wearing a Nottingham Forest football shirt, he is a fan of the scotland national football team. He appeared alongside Skins co-star Nicholas Hoult. In episode 6 of the fourth series of Doctor Who, "The Doctor's Daughter", that aired on 10 May 2008, Dempsie played the character Cline, a soldier who watches his comrades die.
On 18 April 2008, Dempsie appeared on Friday Night Project with Geri Halliwell. On 20 July 2008, he appeared at T4 on the Beach in Weston Super Mare alongside fellow Skins cast members, he appeared as Duncan McKenzie in 2009's The Damned United alongside Michael Sheen, Jim Broadbent, Stephen Graham and Timothy Spall. In November 2008, he appeared in The Moment of episode 10 of the BBC show Merlin, he plays Will, an old friend of Merlin's, from the village in which they grew up together. In 2010, he voiced a gay teenager from Nottinghamshire in the Radio 4 play Once Upon a Time, he plays the character of Gendry in HBO's series Game of Thrones based on George R. R. Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire novels; as of 2017, he has seventh of its seven seasons. He appeared in the Channel 4 mini-series This Is England'86, as well as the follow-ups This Is England'88 and This Is England'90, he has appeared in Harry & Paul on BBC Two, appearing as a northerner, presented as a gift from the character Harry was playing to his daughter.
He has appeared in the BBC Three series The Fades, as John. Joe Dempsie on IMDb
Pygmalion is a play by George Bernard Shaw, named after a Greek mythological figure. It was first presented on stage to the public in 1913. In ancient Greek mythology, Pygmalion fell in love with one of his sculptures, which came to life; the general idea of that myth was a popular subject for Victorian era English playwrights, including one of Shaw's influences, W. S. Gilbert, who wrote a successful play based on the story called Pygmalion and Galatea, first presented in 1871. Shaw would have been familiar with the burlesque version, Galatea, or Pygmalion Reversed. Shaw's play has been adapted numerous times, most notably as the musical My Fair Lady and its film version. Shaw mentioned that the character of Professor Henry Higgins was inspired by several British professors of phonetics: Alexander Melville Bell, Alexander J. Ellis, Tito Pagliardini, but above all, the cantankerous Henry Sweet. Shaw read it to famed actress Mrs. Patrick Campbell in June, she came on board immediately, but her mild nervous breakdown contributed to the delay of a London production.
Pygmalion premiered at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna on 16 October 1913, in a German translation by Shaw's Viennese literary agent and acolyte, Siegfried Trebitsch. Its first New York production opened on 24 March 1914 at the German-language Irving Place Theatre, it opened in London on 11 April 1914, at Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree's His Majesty's Theatre and starred Mrs. Campbell as Eliza and Tree as Higgins, running for 118 performances. Shaw directed the actors through tempestuous rehearsals punctuated by at least one of the two storming out of the theatre in a rage.'Portico of Saint Paul's Church' – 11.15 p.m. A group of people are sheltering from the rain. Among them are the Eynsford-Hills, superficial social climbers eking out a living in "genteel poverty", consisting of Mrs. Eynsford-Hill and her daughter Clara. Clara's brother Freddy enters having earlier been dispatched to secure them a cab, but being rather timid and faint-hearted he has failed to do so; as he goes off once again to find a cab, he bumps into Eliza.
Her flowers drop into the mud of Covent Garden, the flowers she needs to survive in her poverty-stricken world. Shortly they are joined by Colonel Pickering. While Eliza tries to sell flowers to the Colonel, a bystander informs her that a man is writing down everything she says; the man is a professor of phonetics. Eliza worries that Higgins is a police officer and will not calm down until Higgins introduces himself, it soon becomes apparent that Colonel Pickering have a shared interest in phonetics. Higgins tells Pickering that he could pass off the flower girl as a duchess by teaching her to speak properly; these words of bravado spark an interest in Eliza, who would love to make changes in her life and become more mannerly though, to her, it only means working in a flower shop. At the end of the act, Freddy returns after finding a taxi, only to find that his mother and sister have gone and left him with the cab; the streetwise Eliza takes the cab from him, using the money that Higgins tossed to her, leaving him on his own.
Higgins' home – the next day As Higgins demonstrates his phonetics to Pickering, the housekeeper Mrs. Pearce, tells him that a young girl wants to see him. Eliza has shown up, she tells Higgins. He shows no interest. Higgins claimed. Pickering makes a bet with him on his claim, says that he will pay for her lessons if Higgins succeeds, she is sent off to have a bath. Mrs. Pearce tells Higgins that he must behave himself in the young girl's presence, meaning he must stop swearing, improve his table manners, but he is at a loss to understand why she should find fault with him. Alfred Doolittle, Eliza's father, appears with the sole purpose of getting money out of Higgins, having no paternal interest in his daughter's welfare, he sees himself as a member of the undeserving poor, means to go on being undeserving. With his intelligent mind untamed by education, he has an eccentric view of life, he is aggressive, when Eliza, on her return, sticks her tongue out at him, he goes to hit her, but is prevented by Pickering.
The scene ends with Higgins telling Pickering that they have got a difficult job on their hands. Mrs. Higgins' drawing room Higgins bursts in and tells his mother he has picked up a "common flower girl" whom he has been teaching. Mrs. Higgins is not impressed with her son's attempts to win her approval because it is her'at home' day and she is entertaining visitors; the visitors are the Eynsford-Hills. Higgins is rude to them on their arrival. Eliza soon falls into talking about the weather and her family. Whilst she is now able to speak in beautifully modulated tones, the substance of what she says remains unchanged from the gutter, she confides her suspicions that her aunt was killed by relatives, mentions that gin had been "mother's milk" to this aunt, that Eliza's own father was always more cheerful after a goodly amount of gin. Higgins passes off her remarks as "the new small talk", Freddy is enraptured; when she is leaving, he asks her if she is going to walk across the park, to which she replies, "Walk?
Not bloody likely!" (This is the most famous line from the play, for many years after the play's debut, use of the word'bloody' was known as a pygmalion.
BAFTA Cymru is the Welsh branch of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and was founded in 1987. The British Academy Cymru Awards were established in 1991, with the first annual awards ceremony held in 1992; the annual ceremony takes place in Cardiff to recognise achievement in production and craft categories in Welsh-made films and television programmes and by those of Welsh birth or residence. These are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although films and programmes recognised by BAFTA Cymru may feature at BAFTA's national awards. Television Drama Factual Series Entertainment Programme News and Current Affairs Children's Programme Single Documentary Short Film Game Presenter Director: Fiction Writer Editing Actor Actress Photography Factual Photography and Lighting Sound Original Music Costume Design Siân Phillips Award Outsanding Contribution to Television British Academy Cymru Awards BAFTA official website
Lambeth is a district in Central London, England, in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is situated 1 mile south of Charing Cross; the population of the London Borough of Lambeth was 303,086 in 2011. The area experienced some slight growth in the medieval period as part of the manor of Lambeth Palace. By the Victorian era the area had seen significant development as London expanded, with dense industrial and residential buildings located adjacent to one another; the changes brought by World War II altered much of the fabric of Lambeth. Subsequent development in the late 20th and early 21st centuries has seen an increase in the number of high-rise buildings; the area is home to the International Maritime Organization. The origins of the name of Lambeth come from its first record in 1062 as Lambehitha, meaning'landing place for lambs', in 1255 as Lambeth. In the Domesday Book, Lambeth is called "Lanchei" in error; the name refers to a harbour where lambs were either shipped to. It is formed from the Old English'lamb' and'hythe'.
South Lambeth is recorded as Sutlamehethe in 1241 and North Lambeth is recorded in 1319 as North Lamhuth. The manor of Lambeth is recorded as being under ownership of the Archbishop of Canterbury from at least 1190; the Archbishops led the development of much of the manor, with Archbishop Hubert Walter creating the residence of Lambeth Palace in 1197. Lambeth and the palace were the site of two important 13th-century international treaties. Edward, the Black Prince lived in Lambeth in the 14th century in an estate that incorporated the land not belonging to the Archbishops, which included Kennington; as such, much of the freehold land of Lambeth to this day remains under Royal ownership as part of the estate of the Duchy of Cornwall. Lambeth was the site of the principal medieval London residence of the Dukes of Norfolk, but by 1680 the large house had been sold and ended up as a pottery manufacturer, creating some of the first examples of English delftware in the country; the road names, Norfolk Place and Norfolk Row reflect the legacy of the house today.
Lambeth Palace lies opposite the southern section of the Palace of Westminster on the Thames. The two were linked by a horse ferry across the river; until the mid-18th century the north of Lambeth was marshland, crossed by a number of roads raised against floods. The marshland in the area, known as Lambeth Marshe, was drained in the 18th century but is remembered in the Lower Marsh street name. With the opening of Westminster Bridge in 1750, followed by the Blackfriars Bridge, Vauxhall Bridge and Lambeth Bridge itself, a number of major thoroughfares were developed through Lambeth, such as Westminster Bridge Road, Kennington Road and Camberwell New Road; until the 18th century Lambeth was still rural in nature, being outside the boundaries of central London, although it had experienced growth in the form of taverns and entertainment venues, such as theatres and Bear pits. The subsequent growth in road and marine transport, along with the development of industry in the wake of the industrial revolution brought great change to the area.
The area grew with an ever-increasing population at this time, many of whom were poor. As a result, Lambeth opened a parish workhouse in 1726. In 1777 a parliamentary report recorded a parish workhouse in operation accommodating up to 270 inmates. On 18 December 1835 the Lambeth Poor Law Parish was formed, comprising the parish of St Mary, Lambeth, "including the district attached to the new churches of St John, Kennington, Norwood", its operation was overseen by an elected Board of twenty Guardians. Following in the tradition of earlier delftware manufacturers, the Royal Doulton Pottery company had their principle manufacturing site in Lambeth for several centuries; the Lambeth factory closed in 1956 and production was transferred to Staffordshire. However the Doulton offices, located on Black Prince Road still remain as they are a listed building, which includes the original decorative tiling. Between 1801 and 1831 the population of Lambeth trebled and in ten years alone between 1831 and 1841 it increased from 87,856 in to 105,883.
The railway first came to Lambeth in the 1840s, as construction began which extended the London and South Western Railway from its original station at Nine Elms to the new terminus at London Waterloo via the newly constructed Nine Elms to Waterloo Viaduct. With the massive urban development of London in the 19th century and with the opening of the large Waterloo railway station in 1848 the locality around the station and Lower Marsh became known as Waterloo, becoming an area distinct from Lambeth itself; the Lambeth Ragged school was built in 1851 to help educate the children of destitute facilities, although the widening of the London and South Western Railway in 1904 saw the building reduced in size. Part of the school building still is occupied by the Beaconsfield Gallery; the Beaufoy Institute was built in 1907 to provide technical education for the poor of the area, although this stopped being an educational institution at the end of the 20th century. Lambeth Walk and Lambeth High Street were the two principle commercial streets of Lambeth, but today are predominantly residential in nature.
Lambeth Walk was site of a market for many years, which by 1938 had 159 shops, including 11 butchers. The street and surrounding roads, like most of Lambeth were extensively damaged in the Second World War; this included the complete destruction of the Victorian Swimming Baths in 1945, when a V2 Rocket hit the street resulting in the deaths of 37 peopl
Doctors (2000 TV series)
Doctors is a continuing British medical soap opera which first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC One on 26 March 2000. Set in the fictional Midlands town of Letherbridge, defined as being in the city of Birmingham, the soap follows the lives of the staff of both a NHS Doctor's surgery and University Campus Surgery, as well as their families and friends. Doctors is produced by BBC Birmingham and is screened on BBC One, with the first episode broadcast on 26 March 2000, it was created with Mal Young developing it and Carson Black the original producer. The show has been shown at lunchtime since its inception at 12:30pm as a lead-in to the BBC's One O'Clock News. After it was temporarily moved to allow for extended news coverage of the 11 September 2001 attacks, its regular slot changed to 2:10pm, following directly after Neighbours, after ratings rose to a 25% audience share; when the BBC lost Neighbours to Channel 5 in January 2008, it moved into the Australian soap's old slot of 1:45pm.
For a brief trial period in Summer 2000, selected episodes from the first series were shown on Fridays at 7:00pm and from 16 February 2009, the show began transmitting in high definition on BBC HD at 4:00pm the same day. Doctors was produced and broadcast in blocks of episodes, ranging from blocks of 40 to 130 episodes in the first three years. For example, from season five in 2002 until January 2007, Doctors took lengthy breaks in transmission over the Summer for six weeks, to accommodate the length of transmission. However, the series' audience has developed and increased, prompting the BBC to commission Doctors as a year-round continuing series; the show breaks in the summer for the Wimbledon Championships held for two weeks, broadcasting of the Olympic Games and Easter period holidays and for bank holidays the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship. On 26 March 2010, Doctors celebrated its 10th Anniversary and 1800th episode. Under the title Decade of Doctors, the BBC aired five-minute programmes about the show after each day's episode during the anniversary week.
On 16 February 2011, Doctors aired its 2,000th episode, extended and ran for 60 minutes. From 17 September 2012 for 5 days, special red button episodes aired after the regular show, focusing on the conclusion of the Harrison Kellor storyline, exploring Elaine Cassidy and her dealing with Harrison's change of plea for Lauren Porter's murder. On 10 September 2015, Doctors aired its 3,000th episode, The Heart of England, extended and ran for 60 minutes; until mid-2004, Doctors was filmed at the BBC's Pebble Mill studios in Birmingham. The show utilised space occupied by Pebble Mill at One; as Studio A had been mothballed a year before production started, the existing building had to be utilised for the show. The Pebble Mill foyer was used as a street frontage and sets such as the police station and The Lether Bar used other areas of the studio complex alongside the Riverside surgery. In the storyline, The Best Practice was introduced. Real houses were used for the homes of patients. After the closure of Pebble Mill, BBC Birmingham moved to a much smaller production base in Birmingham City Centre which had no studio space for the show.
In light of this, the show moved to the new BBC Drama Village development in Selly Oak, with the transition between locations achieved on screen by an explosion destroying the Riverside Health Centre, named after the series' original production home. Alongside the surgery, other regular locations include the police station, The Icon Bar and, since 2008, The Campus Surgery, after a storyline saw the practice take over the surgery at the fictional University of Letherbridge; the show's storylines dealt with the lives of staff and patients at the fictional Riverside Health Centre and its secondary location, The Best Practice. More stories are based on the replacement Mill Health Centre and Campus Surgery; the format of each episode sees the doctors and nurses of the practice meeting their patients both at the surgeries and on house calls and dealing with their medical complaint, alongside the continuing storylines. During the early years, many storylines revolved around the lead character of'Mac' and his complicated family life.
He rekindles his romance with his first wife, Julia Parsons, embarking on an affair with her, which leads to the departure of his second wife, Kate. Julia replaces Kate as practice manager.'Mac' remarries Julia. Their adult children appear in a number of storylines, including one where sexual assault is alleged against Liam McGuire; the marriage breaks down again. As'Mac' prepares to depart it is revealed that he has been having another affair, with his former second wife, who makes a brief reappearance as part of his exit storyline. In 2007, when more episodes were shown and there were fewer breaks in transmission, more storylines happened, including: receptionist Donna Parmar's breaking patient confidentiality and her sacking from the Mill, Dr Nick West's car crash and death and receptionist Vivien March's rape in 2008, which caused a stir in the media and received recognition at The British Soap Awards in 2009. With the departure of Dr Joe Fenton a new doctor was introduced, Dr Daniel Granger, the nephew of Dr Fenton.
One of the first storylines for the character involved his gambling addiction. 2009 saw the departure of long-standing major characters Ronnie and Bracken Woodson. In 2011, Black Country receptionist Karen Hollins fell pregnant and had an abortion, which saw a breakdown in her relationship with husband Rob