Southern Adirondack Library System
The Southern Adirondack System is a consortium of thirty-four libraries in Saratoga, Warren and Hamilton counties in New York. SALS is one of 23 public state-supported library systems in New York, it was chartered in 1959 by the New York State Board of Regents. It provides interlibrary loan services for its member libraries. Ballston Spa Public Library Burnt Hills--Town of Ballston Community Library Corinth Free Library Clifton Park-Halfmoon Public Library Galway Public Library Round Lake Library/Malta Branch Mechanicville District Public Library Hadley-Luzerne Public Library Round Lake Library Saratoga Springs Public Library Stillwater Free Library Schuylerville Public Library Waterford Public Library Bolton Free Library Brant Lake - Horicon Free Public Library Caldwell-Lake George Library Town of Chester Public Library Glens Falls - Crandall Public Library Town of Johnsburg Library Stony Creek Free Library Warrensburg - Richards Library Argyle Free Library Cambridge Public Library Easton Library Fort Edward Free Library Granville - Pember Library and Museum Greenwich Free Library Hudson Falls Free Library Salem - Bancroft Public Library Whitehall Free Library Town of Inlet Public Library Town of Indian Lake Public Library Long Lake—Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney Long Lake Public Library Town of Lake Pleasant Public Library Raquette Lake Free Library Official website
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Saratoga Springs, New York
Saratoga Springs is a city in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 26,586 at the 2010 census; the name reflects the presence of mineral springs in the area, which has made Saratoga a popular resort destination for over 200 years. Saratoga Springs was ranked tenth in the list of the top 10 places to live in New York State for 2014 according to the national online real estate brokerage Movoto; the picturesque area was occupied by the Algonquian-speaking Mahican Natives before they were forced out by Dutch and British colonists. The Mahicans moved east, allied with other remnant peoples, settled near Stockbridge, where they became known as the Stockbridge Natives; the British built Fort Saratoga in 1691 on the west bank of the Hudson River. Shortly thereafter, British colonists settled the current village of Schuylerville about a mile south. Native Americans believed the springs about 10 miles west of the village — today called High Rock Spring — had medicinal properties. In 1767, William Johnson, a British soldier, a hero of the French and Indian War, was brought by Native American friends to the spring to treat his war wounds.
The first permanent European-American settler built a dwelling about 1776. The springs attracted tourists, Gideon Putnam built the first hotel for travelers. Putnam laid out the roads and donated land for use as public spaces; the Battle of Saratoga, the turning point of the Revolutionary War, did not take place in Saratoga Springs. Rather, the battlefield is 15 miles to the southeast in the Town of Stillwater. A museum dedicated to the two battles sits on the former battlefields; the British encampment before the surrender at Saratoga took place 10 miles east of the city, in Schuylerville, where several historical markers delineate points of interest. The surrender of the sword of battle took place where Fort Saratoga had been, south of Schuylerville. Saratoga Springs was established as a settlement in 1819 from a western portion of the Town of Saratoga, its principal community was incorporated as a village in 1826 and the entire region became a city in 1915. Tourism was aided by the 1832 arrival of the Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad, which brought thousands of travelers to the famous mineral springs.
Resort hotels developed to accommodate them. Patronage of the railroad increased after the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company assumed control in 1870 and began running the Empire State Express directly between New York City and the resort. In the 19th century, noted doctor Simon Baruch encouraged developing European-style spas in the United States as centers for health. With its wealth of mineral waters, Saratoga Springs was developed as a spa, generating the development of many large hotels, including the United States Hotel and the Grand Union Hotel; the latter was, in its day, the largest hotel in the world. In 1863, Saratoga Race Course opened. Horse racing and its associated betting increased the city's attraction as a tourist destination at a time when horse racing was a popular national spectator sport. In addition, the Saratoga Springs area was known for its gambling, which after the first years of the 20th century was illegal, but still widespread. Most gambling facilities were located on the southeast side of the city.
During the 1950s, the state and city closed the famed gambling houses in a crackdown on illegal gambling. The closing and demolition in the 1950s of some premier hotels, including the Grand Union and United States hurt tourism to Saratoga Springs; the city started to prosper again in the 1960s with the completion of the Adirondack Northway, which allowed visitors from the north and south much easier access. In addition, the construction of the Saratoga Performing Arts Center in the late 1960s, which features classical and popular music and dance, furthered the city's renaissance; the New York City Ballet and the Philadelphia Orchestra have summer residencies there, together with other high-quality dance groups and musicians. Since the early 1990s, there has been a boom of building, both residential and retail, in the west side and downtown areas of the city. According to legend, the creation of the potato chip is associated with Saratoga Springs; the legend holds that a diner visiting the restaurant Moon's Lake House in Saratoga Springs in 1853 was unsatisfied with the texture of the fried potatoes he had ordered and sent them back to the kitchen multiple times in protest.
The chef, George Crum became so annoyed with the customer that he sliced the potatoes much thinner than he would, covered them in salt, deep fried them. The customer was satisfied. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles, of which 28.4 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. The Adirondack Northway and US Route 9 pass through the city, respectively. New York State Route 29, New York State Route 50, New York State Route 9N, New York State Route 9P lead into Saratoga Springs. NY 9N has its southern terminus and NY 9P has its northern terminus in the city. US 9 and NY 50 overlap in the city, joined by NY 29. Saratoga Lake is southeast of the city. According to the 2010 U. S. Census Bureau: 92.5% Whit
Capital District, New York
The Capital District known as the Capital Region, is the metropolitan area surrounding Albany, the capital of the U. S. state of New York. With a population of 1,170,483, the Capital District is the fourth largest metropolitan region in the state and the 45th largest in the country. Companies that have headquarters in Albany include the Environment One Corporation. In the 21st century, the Capital District has emerged as a major anchor of Tech Valley, the moniker describing the technologically-focused region of eastern New York State; the Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century and came under English control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797; the Capital District is notable for many historical events that predate the independence of the United States, including the Albany Plan of Union and The Battles of Saratoga. The term Capital District is used to refer to the area due to its location surrounding the state capital.
This is similar to other capital districts throughout the world, all of which are associated with a respective capital city. The earliest reference to the name "Capital District" stems from the planned metropolitan area surrounding Albany, attempted by the state in the late 1860s comprising land, now the cities of Albany, Rensselaer and Cohoes. Schenectady was added to this district as well. In the 1910s several economic and government organizations covering the area used Capital District in their name, such as the Capital District Conference of Charities and Corrections in 1913, the Capital District Life Underwriters Association in 1913, the Capital District Recreation League; the Capital District Recreation League, formed in 1916, proposed a Capital District Park to be 8 miles from Albany, Rensselaer, Schenectady and Watervliet. The location proposed was the area of the Shaker settlement; the park was never created, though in 1928 the location was used for Albany International Airport for the same reason of its central location to those suburbs.
Capitaland, the Tri-City Area, Tech Valley are nicknames sometimes used to refer to the Capital District. The region is also called the 518 after the telephone area code that serves the capital region. Different uses of the names Capital District, Capital Region, Eastern New York may sometimes be used on regions that include Hamilton County; the Capital District is a part of the area marketed under the name Tech Valley in recognition of the technology companies that have moved to the region, or are being wooed by governmental or educational institutions to relocate to the area. The 19-county region, which extends from the Canada–US border south to Orange County, is marketed by organizations such as the Tech Valley Chamber Coalition, the Albany-Colonie Regional Chamber of Commerce, the Albany-based Center for Economic Growth. Permanent European claims and settlement began in 1609 when Henry Hudson sailed north up the Hudson River in the name of the Dutch. During the same year, Samuel Champlain explored south down Lake Champlain and Lake George in the name of France.
Conflict soon ensued between the French and Dutch for control of the fur trade and both made alliances with different Native American tribes. In 1630, Kiliaen van Rensselaer founded the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, a Dutch patroonship in the area, which encompassed much of the area, now the Capital District. In 1664 the English conquered the Dutch while rivalry with the French continued; the Dutch, the English, maintained focus on settlement and farming while the French incursion into this area was limited to hunting for furs, trading with the natives, building a few forts. Conflict arose when the French-built Fort Carillon and the British-built Fort William Henry near each other, both in order to control the route between the Hudson River Valley and the Champlain Valley. Through the Dongan Charter, Governor Thomas Dongan granted Albany the right to purchase 500 acres in "Schaahtecogue" and 1,000 acres at "Tionnondoroge". Arent van Curler founded Schenectady in 1662. South of Albany, settlement occurred at first, but slowed as growth on the frontier pushed people north and west of Albany and left the southern reaches of the Capital District behind.
Hudson, in Columbia County, was purchased from the natives in 1662 by Dutch farmers and speculators but did not see actual settlement and growth until 1783 when New Englanders from southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, arrived. It was chartered as a city in 1785, becoming only the third city in the state; the French and Indian War saw several major battles in the Capital District, including at the aforementioned forts. In the end, the French were defeated, freeing the land for further settlement to the west and north of Albany. During the American Revolution the area again saw fighting and Fort Ticonderoga experienced notable action; the Battle of Saratoga, which took place in the present-day town of Stillwater, is considered the turning point of the war. In 1776, General Philip Schuyler built a small fleet of ships at Whitehall, they were used by Benedict Arnold in the Battle of Valcou
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs. Prerecorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD; such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded once using a DVD recorder and function as a DVD-ROM. Rewritable DVDs can be erased many times. DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material. DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs; the Oxford English Dictionary comments that, "In 1995 rival manufacturers of the product named digital video disc agreed that, in order to emphasize the flexibility of the format for multimedia applications, the preferred abbreviation DVD would be understood to denote digital versatile disc."
The OED states that in 1995, "The companies said the official name of the format will be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disc’, but, switched to ‘digital versatile disc’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications.""Digital versatile disc" is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forum's mission statement. There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD. Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States, first came to market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1978, it used much larger discs than the formats. Due to the high cost of players and discs, consumer adoption of LaserDisc was low in both North America and Europe, was not used anywhere outside Japan and the more affluent areas of Southeast Asia, such as Hong-Kong, Singapore and Taiwan.
CD Video released in 1987 used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs. Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc storage formats were being developed. One was the Multimedia Compact Disc, backed by Philips and Sony, the other was the Super Density disc, supported by Toshiba, Time Warner, Matsushita Electric, Mitsubishi Electric, Thomson, JVC. By the time of the press launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the file system to use for their disc, sought support for their format for storing computer data. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBM's Almaden Research Center, got that request, learned of the MMCD development project. Wary of being caught in a repeat of the costly videotape format war between VHS and Betamax in the 1980s, he convened a group of computer industry experts, including representatives from Apple, Sun Microsystems and many others.
This group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG. On August 14, 1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a press release stating that they would only accept a single format; the TWG voted to boycott both formats unless the two camps agreed on a converged standard. They recruited president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions. In one significant compromise, the MMCD and SD groups agreed to adopt proposal SD 9, which specified that both layers of the dual-layered disc be read from the same side—instead of proposal SD 10, which would have created a two-sided disc that users would have to turn over; as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc. The DVD specification ended up similar to Toshiba and Matsushita's Super Density Disc, except for the dual-layer option and EFMPlus modulation designed by Kees Schouhamer Immink.
Philips and Sony decided that it was in their best interests to end the format war, agreed to unify with companies backing the Super Density Disc to release a single format, with technologies from both. After other compromises between MMCD and SD, the computer companies through TWG won the day, a single format was agreed upon; the TWG collaborated with the Optical Storage Technology Association on the use of their implementation of the ISO-13346 file system for use on the new DVDs. Movie and home entertainment distributors adopted the DVD format to replace the ubiquitous VHS tape as the primary consumer digital video distribution format, they embraced DVD as it produced higher quality video and sound, provided superior data lifespan, could be interactive. Interactivity on LaserDiscs had proven desirable to consumers collectors; when LaserDisc prices dropped from $100 per
Interlibrary loan is a service whereby a patron of one library can borrow books, DVDs, etc. and/or receive photocopies of documents that are owned by another library. The user makes a request with their home library; the lending library sets a due date and overdue fees of the material borrowed. Although books and journal articles are the most requested items, some libraries will lend audio recordings, video recordings, sheet music, microforms of all kinds. In some cases, nominal fees accompany the interlibrary loan services; the term document delivery may be used for a related service, namely the supply of journal articles and other copies on a personalized basis, whether these come from other libraries or direct from the publishers. The end user is responsible for any fees, such as costs for postage or photocopying. Commercial document delivery services will borrow on behalf of any customer willing to pay for their rates. Interlibrary loan, or resource sharing, has two operations: lending. A borrowing library sends an owning library a request to borrow, photocopy, or scan materials, needed by their patron.
The owning library fills the request by sending materials to the borrowing library or supply a reason for why the request cannot be filled. If the item is sent, the borrowing library notifies the patron. Interlibrary loan and resource sharing have a variety of systems and workflows based on the scale of service, regional networks, library systems. Processes are automated by computer systems such as VDX based on ISO ILL standards 10161 and 10160. Two major systems are used heavily: ILLiad developed by Atlas Systems and Worldshare Management System by OCLC. In 2017, OCLC announced a new interlibrary loan management system called Tipasa, built on the OCLC WorldShare technology platform, is the first cloud-based interlibrary loan management system. Loan requests between branch libraries in the same local library system are filled promptly, while loan requests between library systems may take weeks to complete. However, if an item is rare, fragile, or exceptionally valuable, the owning library is under no obligation to release it for interlibrary loan.
Some collections and volumes bound journals and one-of-a-kind manuscripts, are non-circulating, meaning that they may not be borrowed. Books may be delivered by courier service. Photocopies may be scanned and delivered electronically. Urgent requests are placed. Public libraries do not offer urgent service. Interlibrary loan provides users with access to articles from journals that their library does not have in its collection or is subscribed to. In the United States, most libraries follow guidelines established by the Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted works, which established that libraries should pay publishers' fees if more than 5 ILL requests are filled from within the past 5 years from a specific publication; this guideline is referred to in United States Libraries as the "Rule of Five." In addition, many journal or database licenses specify whether a library can or cannot supply journal articles via ILL, with many libraries taking an approach to negotiate for ILL to be allowed in licenses.
When licensed to send articles via Interlibrary Loan, having examined the need to pay copyright fees for articles, article processing has become automated in Interlibrary Loan. In the early 1990s the Research Library Group created and released Ariel, a software that made communicating both photocopies and native digital articles more efficient. In the early 2000s Atlas Systems, creators of the ILLiad software system, created Odyssey, which allowed for direct communication of articles between libraries, direct sending of articles to library patrons. Although Odyssey usage and features increased OCLC realized an important need among its member libraries, created Article Exchange, a cloud-based secure article sharing platform that automatically deletes articles after a specified number of downloads and/or a number of days; as many libraries shifted their journal subscriptions to digital, citation information became much more available with tools such as Google Scholar, Interlibrary Loan of articles has become a large part of Interlibrary Loan services.
In 1886 Joseph C. Rowell, Librarian at the University of California, sought permission to begin Interlibrary Loan. In 1894 Rowell initiated U. C. Berkeley's first program of interlibrary lending, with the California State Library as partner; that year Rowell expanded the invitation for a group of libraries, such as NUCMC. Librarians filled out a standardized form and sent it by postal mail to a library that owned a copy; this procedure is still used by the few libraries that are not members of an electronic interlibrary loan network. In 1994, the Reference and User Services Association of the ALA formed an ALA Interlibrary Loan Code for the United States, which sought to establish resource sharing as a core service and to provide guidelines for libraries; the RUSA section on Resource Sharing has engaged in initiatives to expand resource sharing, including the Rethinking Resource Sharing Init
Warren County, New York
Warren County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,707; the county seat is Queensbury. The county is named in honor of General Joseph Warren, an American Revolutionary War hero of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Warren County is part of the Glens Falls, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Albany-Schenectady, NY Combined Statistical Area; when counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Warren County was part of Albany County. The county was enormous, covering the northern part of New York State, all of the present State of Vermont, and, in theory, extended westward to the Pacific Ocean, it was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.
In 1778, the name Charlotte County was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and President of the United States of America. In 1788, Washington County was reduced in size by the splitting-off of Clinton County; this was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State. Washington County was enlarged by the transfer of the Town of Cambridge from Albany County to Washington County in 1791. In 1813, Warren County was split off from Washington County, receiving its name in honor of General Joseph Warren. County officials first met in the Lake George Coffee House in the hamlet of Caldwell. James Caldwell, a patenee of the Town of Caldwell, donated land within the hamlet to serve as the county seat beginning in 1819. Lake George is the site of a YMCA conference center, the Silver Bay YMCA, founded in 1900 and one of only a few of its type in the United States; the Silver Bay Inn is on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 1963, the courthouse in Lake George village was closed and operations moved several miles south to its present-day location at the Warren County Municipal Center main campus in Queensbury. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles, of which 867 square miles is land and 65 square miles is water. Warren County is situated in the eastern portion of New York state. Being located in the Adirondack Mountains, it is not uncommon for mountain peaks to surpass 2,000 feet; the highest peak in the county is Gore Mountain at an elevation of 3,198 feet. Essex County - north Washington County - east Saratoga County - south Hamilton County - west The climate of Warren County is humid continental, as is most of New York State. In the winter, bouts of cold, dry air arrive from Canada, interior sections of North America. In the summer, the Gulf Stream can bring days of hot, humid air to the county. Extratropical storms affect the county. Fall and spring are relatively mild and pleasant, with fall foliage regarded as some of the most stunning in the country.
In the summer and fall, back door cold fronts move in from the north and bring thunderstorms, sometimes severe. As of the census of 2000, there were 63,303 people, 25,726 households, 17,056 families residing in the county; the population density was 73 people per square mile. There were 34,852 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population. 17.9% were of Irish, 12.7% English, 11.4% Italian, 11.1% French, 10.6% German and 9.0% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.3 % spoke 1.4 % Spanish and 1.0 % French as their first language. There were 25,726 households, out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.70% were non-families.
27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,198, the median income for a family was $46,793. Males had a median income of $32,922 versus $22,279 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,727. About 7.20% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over. Warren County has 20 county supervisors, which represent 11 of the county's towns and the City of Glens Falls: Bolton: Ronald F. Conover Chester: Frederick H. Monroe Glens Falls Ward 1: Daniel J. Girard Ward 2: Peter V. McDevitt Ward 3: Harold Taylor Ward 4: William Loeb Ward 5: William H. Kenny Hague: Edna A. Frasier Horicon: Ralph W. Bentley Johnsburg: Ron Vanselow Lake Georg