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Sarehole Mill

Sarehole (grid reference SP099818) is an area in Hall Green, Birmingham, England (formerly in Worcestershire, but transferred to the city in 1911). Sarehole was a hamlet which gave its name to a farm (now built over) and a mill, it extended from the ford at Green Lane, southwards for about a mile, along the River Cole to the Dingles. Birmingham City Council has named the segment of the path along the Cole southwards from Sarehole Mill the John Morris Jones Walkway after a local historian.

J. R. R. Tolkien lived here as a child in the 1890s. The area influenced his description of the green and peaceful country of the Shire in his books; the nearby Moseley Bog (now a nature reserve) was probably the inspiration for the Old Forest. According to local legend, the hill on which Spring Hill College stands is criss-crossed with secret tunnels and could easily have become Tolkien's Bag End.[citation needed]

Sarehole Mill, which also influenced the young Tolkien, is a water-driven mill, now a museum, within the Shire Country Park. During the 18th century the mill was leased by Matthew Boulton, one of the pioneers of the Industrial Revolution and leading figure of the Lunar Society, for scientific experimentation.


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Coordinates: 52°26′03″N 1°51′21″W / 52.43409°N 1.85581°W / 52.43409; -1.85581