Sarki (ethnic group)

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Sarki/Mijar
सार्की/मिजार
Regions with significant populations
Nepal 374,816 (1.4% of Nepal's population)[1]
Languages
Nepali language (Khas kura)
Religion
Hinduism
Related ethnic groups
Khas people, Damai, Badi, Kami, Gandarbha/Gaine

Sarki/Mijar (Nepali: सार्की) is a Khas occupational caste belonging to shoemakers and leather workers.[2] The 1854 Nepalese Muluki Ain (Legal Code) categorized Sarki as "Impure and Untouchable (Pani Na Chalne)" category.[3] Sarki are categorized under "Hill Dalit" among the 9 broad social groups, along with Damai, Badi, Kami and Gaine by the Government of Nepal.[1] They are found in the region of the Himalayas and referred to in the Nepali and Thakali languages.[4]

In the rigid Hindu caste system of Sikkim they are treated as being a polluting community.[5]

According to 2011 Nepal census, Sarki make up 1.4% of Nepal's population (or 374,816 peoples).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF). 
  2. ^ Whelpton 2005, p. 31.
  3. ^ Gurung, Harka (2005) Social Exclusion and Maoist Insurgency. Paper presented at National Dialogue Conference at ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous and Tribal peoples, Kathmandu, 19–20 January 2005.
  4. ^ Vinding, Michael (1998). The Thakali: A Himalayan Ethnography. Serindia Publications. pp. 388, 443. ISBN 9780906026502. 
  5. ^ Choudhury, Maitreyee (2006). Sikkim: Geographical Perspectives. Mittal Publications. p. 30. ISBN 9788183241588. 

Bibliography[edit]