Rhaunen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the seat of the like-named Verbandsgemeinde; the municipality lies at the Idar Forest in the Hunsrück in a sprawling, well watered hollow. The hollow separates the Idar Forest massif from the Soonwald massif. Within the village itself, the Lingenbach empties into the Rhaunelbach, which itself, along with the Näßbach, the Macherbach and the Büdenbach, empties into the Idarbach; the nearest major centres are Idar-Oberstein, Simmern and Kirn. Belonging to Rhaunen are the outlying centre of Neuzenbrunnen and the homesteads of Hochwälderhof and Königstein; the solid rock in Rhaunen, Hunsrück slate, comes down from the Devonian. The hollow in which Rhaunen lies was formed by the many brooks that flow together here and that shaped various alluvial fans, which have loamy subsoil; the Hunsrück slate can be found on the slopes overlooking the hollow, whereas the floodplains down in the dale are characterized by loaminess.
While the slopes are covered with mixed forests, meadowland is to be found in the dales, on the higher-lying terraces and hills, cropraising. The slate was once intensively used both for roofing and building walls; the many public buildings built in Rhaunen about the turn of the 20th century have unplastered walls made of slate quarrystone. Of the many slate quarries that were once to be found in the dales around Rhaunen, none is still in business. Here and there, tailing heaps can still be seen; the biggest operation in the slatemining business was the “Abenstern” quarry on the Wartenberg, going towards Hausen. It was quarrying slate until the late 1950s; the high ridges, of the Idar Forest massif for example, are formed of the most weathering-resistant Taunus quartzite, whose effect on the land is to leave it rather useless for agriculture, although not altogether unusable in forestry. This Taunus quartzite harbours bog iron deposits, which until about the middle of the 19th century were mined and smelted.
This was done at the Weitersbacher Hütte near Rhaunen. Yearly precipitation in Rhaunen amounts to 744 mm, which falls into the middle third of the precipitation chart for all Germany. At 50% of the German Weather Service's weather stations lower figures are recorded; the driest month is April. The most rainfall comes in November. In that month, precipitation is. Precipitation varies only and is spread quite evenly throughout the year. Only at 1% of the weather stations are lower seasonal swings recorded. Given the central location, the place now called Rhaunen was settled in Roman times, as witnessed by the sandstone blocks in the Evangelical church's north wall, which were walled up. Rhunanu, first named in a record from Lorch Abbey in the late 8th century, crops up again in 841 as Rhuna in a donation to Fulda Abbey. Rhaunen became the seat of the like-named high court district; until the 14th century, the Waldgraves were the unqualified owners of the court and the places that it governed. Besides Rhaunen itself, these were Bollenbach, Bundenbach, Gösenroth, Krummenau, Lindenschied, Schwerbach, Sulzbach and Woppenroth.
Under the court's sway was the Schmidtburg. With this Waldgravial castle’s loss to Archbishop Baldwin of Trier in 1330, part of the court’s territory in the form of three villages passed to the Electorate of Trier. Baldwin managed at the same stroke to relieve the Waldgraves of one fourth of the high court. Territorial relations remained so until an end was put to the Old Empire in the late 18th century and the old mediaeval governmental body, the court, was swept away. In the course of the French occupation of the lands on the Rhine’s left bank in the wake of the Treaty of Lunéville, Rhaunen was grouped into the Department of Sarre, the arrondissement of Birkenfeld and the canton of Rhaunen. After the French withdrew in 1814, Rhaunen found itself in Prussia’s new Rhine Province becoming the seat of a Bürgermeisterei in the Bernkastel-Kues district. Parts of the old high court district, however – Bundenbach, for instance – now belonged to the Principality of Birkenfeld, an exclave of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, most of whose territory was in what is now northwest Germany, with a coastline on the North Sea.
After the First World War, through the Weimar Republic and on through the time of the Third Reich, Rhaunen was the administrative seat for the surrounding villages. In the course of administrative restructuring in the 1960s, the Amt of Rhaunen became the Verbandsgemeinde of Rhaunen in the Birkenfeld district; this arrangement still stands. The Baroque house at Otto-Conradt-Straße 5 was the Waldgravial Oberamtshaus, through inheritance, it fulfilled the same function for the comital family of Salm. Under French rule, it was the Gendarmerie barracks. In Prussian times, it first became a Catholic rectory, until 1899 a court building. Today it is an inn; the Amtmann who oversaw the Electoral-Trier fourth of the Rhaunen high court sat at the Schmidtburg. The parish of Rhaunen comprised not only the like-named village but Sulzbach, Weitersbach and, until 1504, Stipshausen. Rhaunen had a simultaneous church beginning in 1685, used by both Evangelicals; this arrangement lasted more than two centuries, until 1887/1888, when the Catholic community built its own church on the way out of the village towards Sulzbach.
Rhaunen was for centuries a judiciary, administrati
Wadern is a municipality in the federal state Saarland, situated in the southwest of Germany. It's part of the district Merzig-Wadern. Wadern consists of 14 villages with 16.000 inhabitants. With 143 inhabitants per km2 it is sparsely populated, with an area of 111 km2, Wadern is the third largest municipality in Saarland after Saarbrücken and St. Wendel; the town is divided into 14 urban districts and altogether 24 villages belong to the commune. The town is part of the Moselle Franconian language area. Wadern is located at the foot of the Schwarzwälder Hochwald Stone tools and different grave-mounds in the so-called "Hochwald" region are evidence for the city's existence in a time where there were no written sources found. In connection with the conquest by the Romans first written reports were discovered. Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman general, created a detailed and written description of the people who were living in this area of Germany at this time with a comment about their rites and customs.
This part of Germany's economy and culture benefitted from the improvements of the traffic infrastructure, constructed by the Romans. The first decades after Christ were struck by increased collapsing Germanic tribes, what lead to the dissolution of the Roman Empire as well as to this region being integrated into France. Agricultural and housing development in the Hochwald were able to extend since there was unused land available to spread out on. In the Middle Ages a lot of clearance was done, which resulted in the most common name endings: -bach, -feld and -rod of the towns around this area. What is now the city of Wadern used to belong to various territories, for example to the Erzstift Trier, Dukedom Lothringen or to the governance of Dagstuhl; the governance of Dagstuhl took the main role in the development of downtown Wadern. In 1680 this south-western part of Germany was governed by the counts of Oettingen - Baldern, count Joseph Anton of Oettingen - Baldern and Soetern took over the governance of Dagstuhl in the 18th century.
He moved his residence and his royal household to Dagstuhl and resided in his castle built in 1760. With his engagement and expertise he succeeded in improving the economic situation in Dagstuhl; the conferment issued in 1765 of the market right contributed as the most important renewal for Wadern. The created marketplace and the established market fontain are today visible signs of this market right. With indenting French revolutionary troops the feudalism was dissolved and the possession went over to French state possession, thus castle Dagstuhl which baron Wilhelm Albert de Lasalle took over from Luisenthal in 1807. Castle Münchweiler was bought back in 1801 by his former owner again; the current city became a French state area in 1801 got within the scape of the territorial reorganisation by the Wiener congress in 1815 under Prussian management. By the production of the new outlets for the Saarland coal the number of the people from the Hochwald who were occupied in the mining, grew since the middle of the 19th century.
Agriculture was pursued as a supplementary income. In addition, the connection of the current city with the railroad network led to an economic impetus which affected the small crafts enterprises positively. Bardenbach, Büschfeld, Gehweiler, Lockweiler, Löstertal, Noswendel, Steinberg, Wadrill, Wedern. Altland, Bardenbach, Büschfeld, Dagstuhl, Kostenbach, Lockweiler, Morscholz, Münchweiler, Niederlöstern, Nuhweiler, Oberlöstern, Reidelbach, Steinberg, Überlosheim, Vogelsbüsch, Wadrill, Wedern The largest village within the municipality of Wadern is Nunkirchen, situated in the south of the municipality. 1974-1984: Hebert Klein, CDU 1984-1998: Berthold Müller, CDU 1998-2014: Fredi Dewald, SPD since 2014: Jochen Kuttler, ProHochwald Official town twinnings exists between Wadern and Montmorillon and Jeumont in France, Sobotka in Czech Republik, Toma in Burkina Faso and Wahrenbrück in Brandenburg. According to the present documents the castle was built before 1290 by Knight Boemund von Saarbrücken as an outpost of the rule of the bishop of Trier.
The plant shows with its baily castle and its bastions a length over 300 meters. After the extinction of the lords of the castle in the 14. Century the power disintegrated into the heirs of Fleckenstein, Brucken and Kriechingen, who managed the castle alternately; the plant became subsequently took down by Wolfgang Anton von Langenmantel the administrator of Dompropst and by archbishop and elector of Trier, Franz Goerg von Schönborn. Since the mid-80s the remains of the castle were saved; because of redevelopment measures between 2002 and 2006 a historical path is achievable by two bridges. The didactic processing of information boards and presentations on the internet finished the work; the palace of Dagstuhl was the former domicile of count Joseph Anton von Oettingen-Sötern. He let this palace built between 1760 and 1762 and in 1775 it was widened. While the French revolution the count escaped and so in 1806 the family of Lasalle von Louisenthal took the building. To get a spatial link between the living space and the chapel new extension were built in 1906.
Ceiling and walls were painted by Octavie de Lasalle. She laid them out with biblical historical paintings. In the extension of the chapel there is a painted way of cross by her, which comes from the church of Lockweiler; until 1957 the palace was property of the family. After that, it was an old people's home for many years. Today the renowned Leibniz-Z
The town of Wittlich is the seat of the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Its historic town centre and the beauty of the surrounding countryside make the town a centre for tourism in southwest Germany. Wittlich is the middle centre for a feeder area of 56 municipalities in the Eifel and Moselle area with a population of 64,000. With some 18,000 inhabitants, Wittlich is the biggest town between Trier and Koblenz and the fourth biggest between Mainz and the Belgian border; the town lies in the South Eifel on the River Lieser in a side valley of the Moselle on the northern edge of the Wittlich Depression. This stretch of country is bounded in the west by the low mountains of the Moselle Eifel and in the east by the Moselle valley. Wittlich's Stadtteile or Ortsbezirke, besides the main centre called Wittlich, are Bombogen, Dorf, Lüxem and Wengerohr, each of, a self-administering municipality; until 7 June 1969. The oldest known remnants of human settlement activity come from the third millennium BC.
In Roman times there stood right on the River Lieser, where the autobahn bridge is now, a stately villa rustica or countryside villa. In 1065, Wittlich had its first documentary mention. In 1300, Archbishop-Elector Diether von Nassau of Trier granted Wittlich town rights, it had long been assumed, that Wittlich had been granted town rights in 1291, leading to the 700th-anniversary celebrations in 1991. In 1912, Germany's first youth prison was built in Wittlich, which still borders on the Justizvollzugsanstalt Wittlich. In 2009, the town of Wittlich was included in the programme Aktive Stadtzentren of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Since some investors have been interested in the town of Wittlich. On 12 November of the same year, the Schlossgalerie was opened, in which C&A, Müller, Ernsting's Family and Depot all have locations. There is still somewhere between 1 500 m ² of available free floor area. In mid March, work began on the project Altstadt, it comprises three new houses in which on the ground floors, there will be 220 m² of storage room and a passage, while upstairs there will be room for medical practices and flats.
Furthermore, there will be an underground garage with 20 parking places. Work is set to finish on this project in mid-2011. Planned for Schlossstraße in Wittlich is a new theatre-cinema with four big and modern cinema halls and one big theatre hall for 600 theatregoers. There is to be 850 m ² of commercial space and 1 500 m ² for flats. A new four-floor building is foreseen for this project, its name will be Schlosstheater. The council is made up of 32 honorary council members, a full-time mayor as chairman. Recent municipal elections have yielded the following results: The German blazon reads: In rotem Feld parallel nebeneinander zwei aufrecht, mit dem Schlüsselbart nach oben voneinander abgekehrte silberne Schlüssel mit übereinandergelegten Griffen, wobei der linke über dem rechten angeordnet ist. Die Mauerkrone ist Zierelement des Wappens: ein Zinnenturm mit offenem Tor in der Mitte zwischen Mauern und Zinnen; the town's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Gules two keys palewise addorsed, the wards to chief and the bow of the dexter surmounting that of the sinister, ensigning the shield a tower with an open gateway and flanking walls, the whole embattled, of the second.
The German blazon identifies the “left” key as the one that surmounts the other, although the example shown at the town's own website shows the dexter key surmounting the sinister. This may arise from a common misunderstanding about heraldry, in which left and right – or sinister and dexter – are told from the armsbearer's point of view, not the viewer's; the example of the arms shown at the town's own website shows the crenellated tower on top of the escutcheon. This same webpage shows a coat of arms for Wittlich which appeared in the old Coffee Hag albums, it might be described as “Argent two keys per saltire, the wards to chief, the one in bend sinister surmounting the other, azure.” In other words, the field tincture was silver instead of red, the keys were not only blue instead of silver, but crossed to form an X. Whichever way the keys are arranged, they symbolize Saint Peter, the patron saint of the Electorate of Trier, to which Wittlich belonged until 1794; the current tinctures were the ones borne by Trier, whereas the ones in the Coffee Hag image were those borne by the House of Wittelsbach.
The town's first great seal, from the time just after Wittlich had been raised to town, showed a crenellated tower over an open gate between two turrets, each with a roundle high on its wall. The court seal from the early 14th century, on the other hand, showed a two-key charge quite similar to the one in today's arms, thus providing the model for the coat of arms now borne by the town; the crenellated tower on top of the escutcheon was only “rediscovered” much later. Wittlich fosters partnerships with the following places: Boxtel, North Brabant, Netherlands Brunoy, France since 1979 Wellingborough, England, United Kingdom since 1993 Zossen, Teltow-Fläming, Brandenburg since German reunification Old Town Hall on the marketplace with the Alten Rathaus museum for modern art, it was the Georg-Meistermann-Museum until the city held an exhibition there by Nazi artist Hans Schell. The Meistermann family withdrew his name in protest but many of his great works are still there - including the Four Horseme
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg was a grand duchy within the German Confederation, North German Confederation and German Empire which consisted of three separated territories: Oldenburg and Birkenfeld. It ranked tenth among the German states and had one vote in the Bundesrat and three members in the Reichstag, its ruling family, the House of Oldenburg came to rule in Denmark, Sweden and Russia. The heirs of a junior line of the Greek branch are, through Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in the line of succession to the thrones of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms after Queen Elizabeth II; as common for German houses, the ruling branch of Oldenburg, which ruled as Dukes and Grand Dukes, holds the headship by primogeniture of the entire House of Holstein-Oldenburg with all its cadet branches. The first known count of Oldenburg was Elimar I. Elimar's descendants appear as vassals, though sometimes rebellious ones, of the dukes of Saxony. At this time, the county of Delmenhorst formed part of the dominions of the counts of Oldenburg, but afterwards it was on several occasions separated from them to form an appanage for younger branches of the family.
This was the case between 1262 and 1447, between 1463 and 1547, between 1577 and 1617. During the early part of the 13th century, the counts carried on a series of wars with independent, or semi-independent, Frisian princes to the north and west of the county, which resulted in a gradual expansion of the Oldenburgian territory; the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and the bishop of Münster were frequently at war with the counts of Oldenburg. In 1440, Christian called Fortunatus, as Count of Oldenburg. In 1448 Christian was elected king of Denmark as Christian I based on his maternal descent from previous Danish kings. Although far away from the Danish borders, Oldenburg was now a Danish exclave; the control over the town was left to the king's brothers. In 1450, Christian in 1457, king of Sweden. In 1460, he inherited the Duchy of Schleswig and the County of Holstein, an event of high importance for the future history of Oldenburg. In 1454, he handed over Oldenburg to his brother Gerhard, a wild prince, at war with the prince-bishop of Bremen and other neighbors.
In 1483, Gerhard was compelled to abdicate in favor of his sons, he died while on pilgrimage in Spain. Early in the 16th century, Oldenburg was again enlarged at the expense of the Frisians. Lutheranism was introduced into the county by Anthony I, who suppressed the monasteries. One of Anthony's brothers, won some reputation as a soldier. Anthony's grandson, Anthony Günther, who succeeded in 1603, considered himself the wisest prince who had yet ruled Oldenburg. Jever had been acquired before he became count, but in 1624 he added Kniphausen and Varel to his lands, with which in 1647 Delmenhorst was united. By his neutrality during the Thirty Years' War and by donating valuable horses to the warlord, the Count of Tilly, Anthony Günther secured for his dominions an immunity from the terrible devastations to which nearly all the other states of Germany were exposed, he obtained from the emperor the right to levy tolls on vessels passing along the Weser, a lucrative grant which soon formed a material addition to his resources.
In 1607 he erected a Renaissance schloss. After the death of Anthony Günther, Oldenburg fell again under Danish authority. In 1773, Christian VII of Denmark surrendered Oldenburg to Catherine the Great in exchange for her son and heir Paul's share in the condominial royal-ducal government of the Duchy of Holstein and his claims to the ducal share in the government of the Duchy of Schleswig; the duke's son William, who succeeded his father in 1785, was a man of weak intellect, his cousin Peter, Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck, acted as regent and in 1823, inherited the throne, holding the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck and Oldenburg in personal union. By the German Mediatisation of 1803, Oldenburg acquired the Oldenburg Münsterland and the Prince-Bishopric of Lübeck. Between 1810 and 1814, Oldenburg was occupied by Napoleonic France, its annexation into the French Empire, in 1810, was one of the causes for the diplomatic rift between former allies France and Russia, a dispute that would lead to war in 1812 and to Napoleon's downfall.
Oldenburg did not escape from the Revolutions of 1848 that swept across Europe, but no serious disturbances took place therein. In 1849 Augustus granted a constitution of a liberal character to his subjects. Hitherto his country had been ruled in the spirit of enlightened despotism, strengthened by the absence of a privileged class of nobles, the comparative independence of the peasantry, the importance of the towns. In 1852 some modifications were introduced into the constitution, yet it remained one of the most progressive in the German Confederation. Important alterations were made in the administrative system in 1855 and again in 1868, government oversight on church affairs was ordered
Belgium the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, the North Sea to the northwest, it has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; the sovereign state is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organisation is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds, it is divided into three autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita. Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups or Communities: the Dutch-speaking Flemish Community, which constitutes about 59 percent of the population, the French-speaking Community, which comprises about 40 percent of all Belgians. A small German-speaking Community, numbering around one percent, exists in the East Cantons.
The Brussels-Capital Region is bilingual, although French is the dominant language. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of governance, made up of six different governments. Belgium was part of an area known as the Low Countries, a somewhat larger region than the current Benelux group of states that included parts of northern France and western Germany, its name is derived after the Roman province of Gallia Belgica. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, the area of Belgium was a prosperous and cosmopolitan centre of commerce and culture. Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, Belgium served as the battleground between many European powers, earning the moniker the "Battlefield of Europe", a reputation strengthened by both world wars; the country emerged in 1830 following the Belgian Revolution. Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa.
The second half of the 20th century was marked by rising tensions between the Dutch-speaking and the French-speaking citizens fueled by differences in language and culture and the unequal economic development of Flanders and Wallonia. This continuing antagonism has led to several far-reaching reforms, resulting in a transition from a unitary to a federal arrangement during the period from 1970 to 1993. Despite the reforms, tensions between the groups have remained, if not increased. Unemployment in Wallonia is more than double that of Flanders. Belgium is one of the six founding countries of the European Union and hosts the official seats of the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, as well as a seat of the European Parliament in the country's capital, Brussels. Belgium is a founding member of the Eurozone, NATO, OECD, WTO, a part of the trilateral Benelux Union and the Schengen Area. Brussels hosts several of the EU's official seats as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO.
Belgium is a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy. It has high standards of living, quality of life, education, is categorized as "very high" in the Human Development Index, it ranks as one of the safest or most peaceful countries in the world. The name "Belgium" is derived from Gallia Belgica, a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul that before Roman invasion in 100 BC, was inhabited by the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples. A gradual immigration by Germanic Frankish tribes during the 5th century brought the area under the rule of the Merovingian kings. A gradual shift of power during the 8th century led the kingdom of the Franks to evolve into the Carolingian Empire; the Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided the region into Middle and West Francia and therefore into a set of more or less independent fiefdoms which, during the Middle Ages, were vassals either of the King of France or of the Holy Roman Emperor. Many of these fiefdoms were united in the Burgundian Netherlands of the 15th centuries.
Emperor Charles V extended the personal union of the Seventeen Provinces in the 1540s, making it far more than a personal union by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 and increased his influence over the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. The Eighty Years' War divided the Low Countries into the northern United Provinces and the Southern Netherlands; the latter were ruled successively by the Spanish and the Austrian Habsburgs and comprised most of modern Belgium. This was the theatre of most Franco-Spanish and Franco-Austrian wars during the 17th and 18th centuries. Following the campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Low Countries—including territories that were never nominally under Habsburg rule, such as the Prince-Bishopric of Liège—were annexed by the French First Republic, ending Austrian rule in the region; the reunification of the Low Countries as the United Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the dissolution of the First French Empire in 1815, after the defeat of Napo
Merzig is the capital of the district Merzig-Wadern, in Saarland, Germany with about 30,000 inhabitants in 17 municipalities on 108 km ². It is situated on approx. 35 km south of Trier, 35 km northwest of Saarbrücken. The town was first mentioned in 369 as Martiaticum. Under French rule it was known as Mercy. Merzig was created in 1974 as part of the territorial reform in Saarland; the present-day city consists of the previous town of 16 surrounding municipalities. The population of the present city, including all outlying districts: Expeditionary Museum Werner Freund Fine mechanical museum in the Fellenbergmühle Museum of Local History in Fellenberg Castle B-Werk Besseringen Saarland Psychiatric Museum Church of St. Peter Historic townhouse Diverse baroque buildings such as Halfenhaus, Staadt-Marx's Bürgerhaus, Hilbringer Schlösschen, Abteihof Besseringen, former residence of Christian Kretzschmar in Trierer Straße Various interesting buildings of the 19th and early 20th centuries such as Villa Fuchs, Protestant church, churches in Hilbringen and Besseringen, Lothringer Hof, main building of the former state hospital, Art Nouveau buildings in Trierer Straße, former jam factory Various chapels worth seeing, such as St. Mary's Chapel, St. Cross Chapel, Kreuzberg Chapel, Josef Chapel, Harlinger Chapel, Old Wellinger Chapel, St. Clement Chapel Seffersbach Bridge, 1901, last preserved suspension belt bridge "System Möller" in Saarland Catholic parish church of St. Agatha Catholic parish church of St. Mary Magdalene Catholic parish church of St. Martin Catholic parish church of St. Josef Bürgerpark Besseringen Garden of the Senses on the Kreuzberg Orchids on the Nackberg at Hilbringen city park B-Werk Besseringen, on the B 51 between Merzig and Besseringen Public indoor swimming pool „Das Bad“ Bietzener healing spring on the B 51 in the direction of Beckingen Public natural swimming pool Heilborn Sculptor symposium stones at the border Monastery St. Gangolf, between Besseringen and Mettlach Museum railway Animal enclosure at Blättelbornweiher Wolf enclosure in the Kammerforst Kreuzbergkapelle with views over the entire city and the Merzig basin Kletterhafen - Europe's largest free-standing climbing park Merzig is the birthplace of footballer Kevin Trapp and tennis player Benjamin Becker.
Since 2012 Merzig stages musicals for two months each year, starring famous German musical actors like Uwe Kröger. The venue is a huge marquee, called'Zeltpalast'. 2012: Hairspray 2013: Burlesque 2014: The Addams Family, German debut 2015: La Cage aux Folles 2016: The Addams Family 2016: 9 to 5, German debut Franz-Josef Röder, German politician Media related to Merzig at Wikimedia Commons Merzig travel guide from Wikivoyage
Waldmohr is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Oberes Glantal; the municipality lies at the western end of the Landstuhl Marsh, right at the state boundary with the Saarland 15 km southwest of Kusel, 10 km north of Homburg. Spreading out along a length of the Glan into the hills on each side, Waldmohr's municipal area reaches elevations of 362 m above sea level at the Waldziegelhütte and 234 m above sea level at the Eichelscheid; the chain of hills, Fuchsberg, Bolsten and Heidenkopf with Oehlbühl, which slope down to the south towards the Glan, the mountain ridges, Häupel, Mühlfeld, Härtel, Krämmel, which out towards the north and east, are settled along the greater thoroughfares leading to the heart of the village. Landesstraße 355 links it to the Autobahn; the river Glan, which rises in neighbouring Höchen, receives considerable contributions at Waldmohr's municipal limit, where the Branschbach and the Mörschbach empty into it at the edge of the Dörrberg.
Several big ponds and many fishing ponds enrich the landscape's appearance. The old tank trench at the Eichelscheiderhof has long been a renaturated stretch of the Glan Waldmohr borders in the north on the municipality of Schönenberg-Kübelberg, in the east on the municipality of Bruchmühlbach-Miesau, in the south on the town of Homburg, in the west on the town of Bexbach and in the northwest on the municipality of Dunzweiler. Waldmohr's Ortsteile are Eichelscheiderhof and Waldziegelhütte. Belonging to Waldmohr are the outlying homesteads of Bahnhaus, Erlenhof, Mohrmühle, Oehlbühlerhof and Autobahnrasthaus. Figures in parentheses are population figures as of 2000. A noble estate belonging to the Duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, the Eichelscheiderhof once stood within Jägersburg's municipal limits. With the formation of the Saar zone of occupation under a League of Nations mandate in 1920, the estate was split from Jägersburg and added to Waldmohr; the name first crops up in Tielemann Stella's writings from 1587 as Eichenschitt, refers to the wealth of oaktrees in the area.
The Eichelscheider Hof itself had its first documentary mention at the time of its founding in 1704. While the Jägersburg Hunting Palace was being built near the district seat of Homburg, the estate was converted into a lordly stud farm, serving the famous Zweibrücken breeding until the end of the Second World War. Napoleon’s parade horse came from the Eichelscheider Hof; the stables are laid out horseshoe-shaped with a great inner yard, parts have been converted to dwellings. The gateway dominates the estate's appearance. To the right of the stables stands the former manor house; the village of Jägersburg belonged wholly to Waldmohr. Only when the Saar was occupied in 1918 was Jägersburg taken away from Waldmohr. Jägersburg thereby became a self-administering municipality, although it has since been merged into Homburg; the old linking roads to neighbouring villages are still preserved and usable. The economically important forest paths used for logging and hiking are maintained and in good condition, whereas others are being reclaimed by the wilderness and are disappearing.
Farm lanes, are only passable if the fields that they reach are still being used. During the Flurbereinigung undertaken in the late 1950s, which saw various parcels of land consolidated, many fieldpaths were swept away; as of 1990, the municipality of Waldmohr had all together 563.9 ha of wooded land, of which 365 ha was state-owned, 159.3 ha was municipally owned and 39.6 ha was owned. As of 1983, Waldmohr had an area of 1 307 ha, of which or 27.2 %, was under agricultural use. According to the municipal plan, 18.5 ha is given over to existing bodies of water. Various rural cadastral names point to historical ownership, particular soil conditions or former bodies of water. A few examples include: Kirchelborn or Kirckelborn, Warbach, Bolsten, Häupel, etc. In 1901, the forestry office building came into service; the region over which it holds sway is today one of the biggest in the Palatinate. In 1257, the Mohrmühle, one of the oldest mills in the region, had its first documentary mention; the old mill, where from sometime before 1610 until 1645 in the Thirty Years' War direct ancestors of former President of Germany Richard von Weizsäcker lived, is now a destination for outings with a restaurant.
In the 1960s, another old mill, the Waldmohrer Mühle, built in 1715, was falling into greater disrepair and ended up being torn down. Only a couple of rural cadastral names now recall the actual mill, it was both a sawmill in its time. Three outlying farmsteads are still worked nowadays; these are Oehlbühlerhof and Erlenhof. The Oehlbühlerhof is tended by the owner of the Erlenhof. In 830, Waldmohr had its first documentary mention in the Lorsch codex as villa Moraha – “village on the boggy brook”. In 1449, the village passed into the lordship of the Dukes of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and remained under their rule until the duchy itself was swept away by the events of the French Revolution in 1794. Under French rule, Waldmohr became the seat of the like-named ca