Pottinger Street is a street in Central, Hong Kong. It is known as the Stone Slabs Street since the street is paved unevenly by granite stone steps, it was named in 1858 after Henry Pottinger, the first Governor of Hong Kong, serving from 1843 to 1844. The street was on the slope between Queen's Road Central and Hollywood Road; this section is covered by stone slabs. It crosses Stanley Street and Wellington Street and ends at the western end of Hollywood Road, just after it meets Wyndham Street. Central District underwent several reclamation projects, extended the street north from Queen's Road Central to Connaught Road Central, junctioning Des Voeux Road Central. Buildings like Man Yee Building, Wing On House, Chinachem Tower and Hong Kong Chinese Bank Building are located at this section; this is the only section that allows vehicular traffic and not being paved by stone slabs. The first Roman Catholic cathedral of Hong Kong was built in 1843 at the junction of Pottinger Street and Wellington Street and was destroyed in a fire in 1859.
It was rebuilt, but subsequently a different site was selected and the current Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception at Caine Road was completed 1888. In the 19th century and European residents used to live separately in different neighbourhoods; the street once acts as a rough boundary between the two groups. The Chinese used to live west of the street and westerners to the east. An Air-Raid Precaution Tunnel was built beneath the street in 1940-41 but was abandoned after the Second World War and was filled back in the 1980s. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Media related to Pottinger Street at Wikimedia Commons Article at gwulo.com
Elgin Street, Hong Kong
Elgin Street is located in Central, Hong Kong. It was named after 8th Earl of Elgin. One of the earliest streets in Hong Kong, it was known as "Mud Street" by the locals, as the street became muddy on rainy days; the street ends high at Caine Road. The street is divided into two sections by the junction with Staunton Street; the upper section is less steep than the lower. One can find several stalls selling miscellaneous things, which are heaped on the ground, on the sloping street. There were two dai pai dongs operating on the street near Hollywood Road, but one of them was forced to closed in 2005. Many international restaurants and a comedy club can be found on the upper section of the street. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Soho, Hong Kong Map of Elgin Street, Hong Kong "The Muddy Elgin Street", Hong Kong Commercial Daily
Conduit Road is a road in the Mid-Levels on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. Conduit Road was constructed in 1910, it is located in Western Mid-Levels. It is named after the aqueduct passing underneath which carries water from the Pok Fu Lam Reservoir to the Central area, it is at the highest point on Victoria Peak reached by the Central–Mid-levels escalators. It is the second highest road; the road was renamed as "Izumo-dori" during Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. After the surrender and evacuation of Japanese army, its name was changed back, it is a luxury residential area. One of the road's earliest residents was Catchick Paul Chater, who built a magnificent residence at 1, Conduit Road named'Marble Hall', whose gatehouse is the only reminder of this connection today; the road interchanges with Glenealy at the east-end with Hornsey Road intersecting next to the "slope section" near the east-end of the road. Kotewall Road, Po Shan Road, Hatton Road at the west-end; the east-end is considered as the start of the road with the rest being sparsely populated with less traffic.
Because of its long history, the residence found along it are at times older and lower-standard than the more recent properties, those found on the newly developed Central Mid-Levels area. An example of the larger "old" residential apartments is Realty Gardens. Other old properties include Elegant Garden, Cliffview Mansions. Other than Realty Gardens, all the other old assets are concentrated shallow into the road itself as proven by the almost-consecutive numbers; these properties are all built on the northern side of the road, as shown by all the numbers. The main reason for this is that there were no flat tough ground for foundations on the waterfront side of the road 30–40 years ago, but only slopes of greenery. Furthermore, building them on the mountainside is easier and allows a more laid-back position with a better view of the Victoria Harbour, thus the buildings standing along the eastern part and on the waterfront side of the road were built in recent times. They were built by removing sections of the mountain and/or extending the foundations from Robinson Road- the road one street-level lower.
This is the case for the near-eastern-end part of Conduit Road. In the past, until the early 1990s. However, in the early 1990s, new properties began to be constructed by extending foundations from Robinson Road, and since the building height requirements became much more loose with the buildings being 30–40 storeys high, the harbour views were no more. Number 41A Conduit Road is a secluded pre-war house blocked-from-view by Realty Gardens and is located on the hillside. Number 41, next door, had a wide history. Number 2 has proven history and citywide recognition: it is renowned for housing influential Hong Kong socialites. Numbers are odd on the mountainside of the road and on the side closer to waterfront; the odd numbers starts at the busier eastern end of the road from the government estate Chater Hall Flats and ends at Skyline Mansion near the western end of the road. Although there is a new residential building numbered 55 on the road which will technically forever be the last property on the road in terms of location.
Thus, the main reason for the particular direction of property-numbering was chiefly attributed by the fact that the first properties to have graced Conduit Road were all concentrated at the eastern end. On 7 December 1911 a major landslip, caused by heavy rainfall, killed four people at a building site; this occurred during heavy rain. On 18 June 1972 an more devastating landslide occurred, it started from a redevelopment site on Conduit Road above Po Shan Road and slid down 270 meters to Kotewall Road crossing Conduit Road near number 53. Casualties were high with 67 people killed, 20 injured and 2 buildings destroyed. An estimated 40,000 cubic meters of earth and debris moved in this slip. List of streets and roads in Hong Kong 39 Conduit Road Central–Mid-levels escalators Google Maps of Conduit Road
Hong Kong the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842; the colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997; as a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people identify more as Hongkongers rather than Chinese. A sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages, the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports.
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, its legal tender is the world's 13th-most traded currency. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality; the territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in most surrounding Victoria Harbour. Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, has the sixth-longest life expectancy in the world. Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates; the name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780 referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between local fishermen. Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng; the name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour".
"Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odor from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export. Sir John Davis offered an alternative origin; the simplified name Hong Kong was used by 1810 written as a single word. Hongkong was common until 1926, when the government adopted the two-word name; some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation; the Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom after the Qin collapse, recaptured by China after the Han conquest.
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was located in modern-day Kowloon City before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen. By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty; the earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Portuguese merchants established a trading post called in Hong Kong waters, began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s, Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were reestablished by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies; the Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant. To counter the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade; the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium, ordering imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade in 1839. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade, forcing a British military response and triggering the First Opium War; the Qing ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. However, both countries did not ratify the agreement. After over a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Administrative infrastructure was built up by early 1842, but piracy and hostile Qing policies towards Hong Kong prevented the government from attracting merchants.
The Taiping Rebellion, when many wealthy Chinese fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colon
Pok Fu Lam
Pok Fu Lam or Pokfulam is a residential area on Hong Kong Island, at the western end of the Southern District. It is a valley between Mount Kellett, around Telegraph Bay. Pok Fu Lam can claim several firsts in the history of Hong Kong: It was the place where Hong Kong's floral emblem, Bauhinia blakeana, was first discovered; the farm supplied not only milk, but cattle to Hong Kong, became Dairy Farm. However, it no longer exists in Pok Fu Lam. Pok Fu Lam is connected to Sai Ying Pun and Aberdeen by the Pok Fu Lam Road. It's indirectly connected to the Mid-Levels. Pok Fu Lam outlooks Lamma Island. Pok Fu Lam is connected to Shek Tong Tsui via Hill Road. While the farm no longer exists, its remains and other colonial era institutions continue to exist serving, in some cases, other purposes; the former dairy farm can still be seen in the grassy slopes of the hills, but in the two milking sheds that remain. They are between the much older Béthanie. Béthanie and the cow sheds are presently administered by the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, but were controlled by the University of Hong Kong which used Béthanie as headquarters for the HKU Press.
The APA uses Béthanie and the cow sheds for various educational purposes, but lends the chapel in Béthanie to St. John's Cathedral as the locale for Emmanuel Church - Pokfulam, a daughter church serving the west of Hong Kong Island. Béthanie was built as a sanatorium between 1873 and 1875 for the French Catholic missionaries in China, better known as Missions Etrangères de Paris or MEP. Restored with loving care, Béthanie is now used by the Academy for the Performing Arts for educational purposes. Béthanie includes a small chapel. In its present restored configuration, this chapel seats about 100 and is used each Sunday by Emmanuel Church - Pokfulam, a daughter church of St. John's Cathedral; the Béthanie chapel is a beautiful Neo Gothic structure. Some of the original statuary and stained glass windows have been re-installed. Across the Pokfulam Road, is University Hall. U-Hall, as it is abbreviated, is a residential unit for undergraduates of the University of Hong Kong. U-Hall was the residence of a merchant, but it came under the control of the same French Catholic missionaries who built Béthanie.
It was extended and printed religious literature in its basement in many languages for nearly 100 years. In the 1950s, when missionary work in China died, the building was given to the HK government which gave it to the University of Hong Kong as a student residential unit, it is smaller now than it still houses 100 or so undergraduates. There was a chapel in the building: it now serves as the dining hall for the students. University Hall is much in demand as a location for movies, wedding photos and other purposes. At the centre of Pok Fu Lam is an indigenous village, the Pok Fu Lam Village, the only one of its kind remaining on Hong Kong Island. Mistaken as a shanty town by the residents of the surrounding apartments, the conservation value of the village has been acknowledged by its inclusion on the 2014 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund. Pok Fu Lam Village is a historic village. Local residents in the past have asked the government to give indigenous inhabitants of Pok Fu Lam the same recognition as residents of the New Territories.
These claims have been rejected by the government which threatened demolition of the village. In the Kangxi period of the Qing dynasty 2,000 people seeking asylum from turmoils in mainland China reached this village; the early villagers with the surnames of Chen and Luo, were farmers. The "Xinan County Journal" of 1819 mentioned that Pok Fu Lam Village was one of three villages on Hong Kong Island, it was described as "built alongside the hill and the creek, its structures are quite elegant". After the Second World War, the massive refugee influx seeking asylum from mainland China reached Hong Kong, resulting in the village population increasing from 20-odd households to more than 100 households; the original vegetable gardens were replaced by houses. It was not until the 1980s, when the Hong Kong economy experienced rapid growth, that the village population began to decrease, but many villagers remain in the village today; the villagers have their own festivals: the annual Fire Dragon Dance, the oldest of its kind in Hong Kong, is held during the Mid-Autumn Festival, is organised by the villagers, who strive to preserve the unique festival for the generations to come.
Ng Kong-kin, master craftsman of the 73.3 metre long dragon, has been making these creatures for more than four decades, continues to volunteer his time building the enormous beast every year. All villagers participate in the burning of incense and each household is blessed by the dragons as they dance through the village, making the festival a fundamental part of the village life. Many other less well known festivals include Bou Chun Tin, which commemorates Nüwa repairing the Wall of Heaven.
Eastern Street (Hong Kong)
Eastern Street is an early street of Hong Kong, located in the Sai Ying Pun area of Hong Kong Island. Eastern Street North is an extension of the street leading to the seafront following progressive harbour reclamations; the street is part of planned streets in the early development of Victoria City. High Street, Third Street, Second Street and First Street run east to west horizontally on a slight slope while Centre Street, Western Street and Eastern Street run north to south steeply; the street starts in the Mid-levels near Bonham Road Government Primary School below Bonham Road and runs down Connaught Road West, crossing High Street, Third Street, Second Street, First Street, Queen's Road Central and Des Voeux Road West. It descends in the shortest straight line from the mid-levels to the harbour, which explains its slope of 1:6; the steep incline has been cited as a factor in some serious traffic accidents. The extension Eastern Street North, from Connaught Road West, is a continuation of Eastern Street to the Victoria Harbour, Sun Yat Sen Memorial Park and Western Park Indoor Games Hall.
List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Hong Kong City Guide 2003, ISBN 962-14-2537-9 Centamap maps building details Hong Kong Yellow Pages map
Bridges Street is a 300-metre two-way street in Sheung Wan, Hong Kong. On the east, the street intersects Staunton Street. On the west, it intersects Square Street; the west side of the street ends with a staircase. Therefore, to go to Hollywood Road, drivers must drive back to Aberdeen Street, its name comes from William Thomas Bridges, a British lawyer, Acting Attorney General and Acting Colonial Secretary, active in Hong Kong from 1851 to 1861. Bridges was an old friend of the 4th Governor of Hong Kong; the law firm established by Bridges became known as Deacons. Bridges Street Market. A Bauhaus style market opened in 1953, scheduled to be renovated and open in 2018 as a news museum, it was built on the site of the former American Congregational Mission Preaching House at which Dr. Sun Yat-Sen was baptised into Christianity in 1883. CentreStage, a new luxury landmark apartment near Soho, Hong Kong Ladder Street King's College Old Boys' Association Primary School; the Church of Christ in China China Congregational Church.
Chinese YMCA of Hong Kong Bridges Street Centre. Built in 1918 in Eclectic architectural style with Chicago School influence; the architects were Hussey of Chicago, which specialised in YMCA building design. The premises included the first indoor swimming pool in Hong Kong and sports playground with a jogging track, it is part of the Western Heritage Trail. Its central building was a Grade II historic building and was listed as a Grade I historic building in 2009. Island Christian Academy Bridges Street on Google Map