Howard Allan Stern is an American radio and television personality, author and photographer. He is best known for his radio show The Howard Stern Show, which gained popularity when it was nationally syndicated on terrestrial radio from 1986 to 2005. Stern has broadcast on Sirius XM Satellite Radio since 2006. Stern landed his first radio jobs while at Boston University. From 1976 to 1982, Stern developed his on-air personality through morning positions at WRNW in Briarcliff Manor, New York, WCCC in Hartford, Connecticut, WWWW in Detroit, WWDC in Washington, D. C. Stern worked afternoons at WNBC in New York City from 1982 until his firing in 1985. In 1985, he began a 20-year run at WXRK in New York City. Stern won numerous industry awards, including Billboard’s Nationally Syndicated Air Personality of the Year eight consecutive times, is the first to have the number one morning show in New York City and Los Angeles simultaneously, he became the most fined radio host when the Federal Communications Commission issued fines totaling $2.5 million to station owners for content it deemed indecent.
Stern became one of the highest paid radio figures after signing a five-year deal with Sirius in 2004 worth $500 million. In recent years, Stern's photography has been featured in WHIRL magazines. From 2012 to 2015, he served as a judge on America's Got Talent. Stern has described himself as King of All Media since 1992 for his successes outside radio, he hosted and produced numerous late night television shows, pay-per-view events, home videos. His two books, Private Parts and Miss America, entered The New York Times Best Seller list at number one and sold over one million copies; the former was made into a biographical comedy film in 1997 that had Stern and his radio show staff star as themselves. It grossed $41.2 million domestically. Stern performs on its soundtrack, which charted the Billboard 200 at number one and was certified platinum for one million copies sold. Stern's third book, Howard Stern Comes Again, will be released in May 2019. Howard Allan Stern was born on January 12, 1954, the second child of Ben and Ray Stern who lived in the Jackson Heights neighborhood of Queens in New York City.
Stern's parents are Jewish, their families are from Poland and Austria-Hungary. Ray was an office clerk in New York City before she became a homemaker and took up work as an inhalation therapist. Ben served in the U. S. Army on Long Island and in California during the war, he worked as a radio engineer at WHOM in Manhattan and as a co-owner and operator at Aura Recording Inc. a Manhattan recording studio where cartoons and commercials were cut. Stern described his older sister Ellen as the "complete opposite" of himself and "very quiet."In 1955, the family moved to Roosevelt, New York, on Long Island where Stern attended Washington-Rose Elementary School followed by Roosevelt Junior-Senior High School. Stern attended Hebrew school where he was given the name Tzvi; as a youngster Stern took five years of piano lessons and took an interest in marionettes, using them to entertain his friends with explicit shows. He formed a band with the Electric Comicbook, on vocals and keyboards. From the age of nine to his second year at university, Stern spent his summers at Camp Wel-Met, a youth camp in Narrowsburg, New York where he worked camper and counselor duties.
He recalled his time there as "the greatest experience." Stern wished to be in radio at the age of five. He was an infrequent listener in his youth, but names talk personalities Bob Grant and Brad Crandall as early influences, his father set up a microphone, tape machine and turntable in the basement of his home which Stern used to record his make-believe radio shows, incorporating different characters and pre-recorded prank calls and commercials. He made several visits to his father's recording studio and witnessed "some of the great voice guys" work with him, including Don Adams and Larry Storch voice Tennessee Tuxedo and His Tales, which began his desire to be on the air and "do a show," rather than play records. In the late 1960s, Roosevelt became a predominantly black area. In June 1969, the family moved to nearby Rockville Centre, Stern, at age fifteen, transferred to South Side High School where he became "a total introvert." He graduated from the school in 1972. In 1972, Stern declined a place at Elmira College to instead pursue a Communications degree at Boston University, but his average high school grades caused him to spend the first two years in its College of Basic Studies.
In his second year, he started work at the campus radio station WTBU, where he played records, read the news, hosted interview programs. He co-hosted a weekly comedy show with three fellow students named The King Schmaltz Bagel Hour, canceled during its first broadcast for a racial sketch named "Godzilla Goes to Harlem". Stern took cannabis, LSD during his studies, but quit after he experienced a difficult trip on too much LSD. In 1974, he gained admission to the university's School of Public Communications, he studied for a diploma at the Radio Engineering Institute of Electronics in Fredericksburg, Virginia in July 1975 which earned him a first-class radio-telephone operator license, a required certificate for all radio broadcasters at the time, issued by the Federal Communications
Robert Carlyle is a Scottish actor. His film work includes Trainspotting and its sequel, The Full Monty, The World Is Not Enough, Angela's Ashes, he has been in the television shows Hamish Macbeth, Stargate Universe, Once Upon a Time. He won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for The Full Monty and a Gemini Award for Stargate Universe, was Emmy Award-nominated for his work in Human Trafficking. Carlyle was born in Maryhill, the son of Elizabeth, a bus company employee, Joseph Carlyle, a painter and decorator, he was brought up by his father. He left school at the age of 16 without any qualifications and worked for his father as a painter and decorator. Carlyle became involved in drama at the Glasgow Arts Centre at the age of 21, subsequently graduated from the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama. In 1991, he and four friends founded a theatre company; the same year he guest starred in The Bill and starred in his first movie, Riff-Raff, directed by Ken Loach. In 1994, he played the gay lover of Father Greg in the film Priest.
Carlyle's first high-profile role came as murderer Albert "Albie" Kinsella in an October 1994 episode of Cracker opposite Robbie Coltrane and Christopher Eccleston. This acclaimed role showcased Carlyle's "pure intensity". Shortly after his appearance in Cracker, he landed the role of Highland policeman Hamish Macbeth in the BBC comedy-drama Hamish Macbeth; the series ran for three seasons from 1995 to 1997. In 1996 and 1997, he appeared in the two highest-profile roles of his career to date: as the psychopathic Francis Begbie in Trainspotting and Gaz, the leader of a group of amateur male strippers, in The Full Monty; the latter earned Carlyle a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. He starred with Ray Winstone in the 1997 film Face. Carlyle played the senior Malachy McCourt in the 1999 film adaptation of McCourt's first memoir, Angela's Ashes. Carlyle appeared in the 2002 Oasis music video for "Little By Little", he played Adolf Hitler in the 2003 miniseries Hitler: The Rise of Evil. In 2006 he played the villain Durza in Eragon.
In 2007 Carlyle played one of the main characters in the film 28 Weeks Later. He played the lead role as a marine engineer attempting to save London from total devastation in the disaster film Flood; that year he portrayed Father Joseph Macavoy in the film The Tournament. In 2008 Carlyle narrated a BBC audiobook version of The Cutting Room. In 2008, he was cast as Dr. Nicholas Rush in the television series Stargate Universe, his role in the series has been described thus: "As to survive, Dr. Rush works to unlock the mysteries of the ship and return the group home, but evidence of his ulterior motives soon arises." His was touted by the studio as the "leading role" in Universe. In December 2008, Carlyle appeared in 24: Redemption, a television movie based on the popular TV series 24, starring alongside Kiefer Sutherland. In 2009, Carlyle appeared in a long-form commercial for Johnnie Walker whisky, titled "The Man Who Walked Around The World." Carlyle was shown talking for six minutes in a single long take.
The ad took two days to film. The director, Jamie Rafn, afterwards referred to Carlyle as an "utter genius", he voices the character of Gabriel Belmont, his counterpart, Dracula in the video game Castlevania: Lords of Shadow, as well as its sequels Mirror of Fate and Lords of Shadow 2. From 2011 to 2018, Carlyle portrayed Mr. Gold in the fantasy-drama television series Once Upon A Time; the character is a wizard, deal-maker, master manipulator. In 2018, Carlyle will portray Ogilvy in a three part television adaption of The War of the Worlds for the BBC. Known for his commitment to authenticity in roles, Carlyle has altered his lifestyle and physical appearance to gain a better understanding of a character. Before playing a homeless character in Antonia Bird's Safe, for example, he went to live in the Waterloo area of London where the film was set. For his role as a bus driver in Ken Loach's Carla's Song, he passed the test for a PSV licence in a Glasgow Leyland Atlantean bus. Carlyle removed two of his teeth before reprising his role as Begbie in T2 Trainspotting.
Writing of Carlyle's performance in The Full Monty, Andrew Johnston stated: "Carlyle was brilliant as the savage psycho Begbie in Trainspotting. We don't know much about Gaz, but he's the most interesting character in the movie because of Carlyle's down-to-earth warmth." Carlyle has been married to make-up artist Anastasia Shirley since 1997. They have three children: Ava and Pearce Joseph; the family lives in Glasgow. Carlyle is a patron of School For Life in Romania. Carlyle supports Rangers F. C.. Robert Carlyle on IMDb Robert Carlyle biography and credits at the BFI's Screenonline An onstage video interview with Robert Carlyle at BAFTA
Hunter Doherty "Patch" Adams is an American physician, social activist and author. He founded the Gesundheit! Institute in 1971; each year he organizes a group of volunteers from around the world to travel to various countries and they dress as clowns in an effort to bring humor to orphans and other people. Adams is based in Urbana, Illinois. In collaboration with the institute, he promotes an alternative health care model not funded by insurance policies. Adams was born in Washington, D. C. the son of Anna Campbell Stewart and Robert Loughridge Adams. His maternal grandfather, Thomas Lomax Hunter, was the Poet Laureate of Virginia, his father, an officer in the United States Army, had fought in Korea, died while stationed in Germany when Adams was only 16. After his father's death, Adams returned to the United States with his brother. Adams has stated that upon his return he encountered institutional injustice which made him a target for bullies at school; as a result, Adams was unhappy and became suicidal.
After being hospitalized three times in one year for wanting to end his life, he decided "you don't kill yourself, stupid. After graduating in 1963 from Wakefield High School, Adams completed pre-med coursework at George Washington University, he began medical school without an undergraduate degree, earned his Doctor of Medicine degree at Virginia Commonwealth University in 1971. In the late 1960s one of his closest friends was murdered. Convinced of the powerful connection between environment and wellness, he believes the health of an individual cannot be separated from the health of the family and the world. While working in an adolescent clinic at MCV, in his final year of med school, he met Linda Edquist, a fellow VCU student who volunteered in the clinic. Adams and Edquist married in 1975 and had two sons, Atomic Zagnut "Zag" Adams and Lars Zig Edquist Adams. Soon after graduation, Patch and friends founded the Gesundheit! Institute, which ran as a free community hospital from 1971 to 1984.
A revamped Gesundheit! Institute, envisioned as a free, full-scale hospital and health care eco-community, is planned on 316 acres in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, its goal is to integrate a traditional hospital with alternative medicine, with the organization developing educational programs in sustainable systems design targeted to medical students and the general public. Since the 1990s Adams has supported the Ithaca Health Alliance, founded as the Ithaca Health Fund by Paul Glover. In January 2006 IHA launched the Ithaca Free Clinic. Adams has given strong praise to Health Democracy, Glover's book written and published the same year. In October 2007, Adams and the Gesundheit Board unveiled its campaign to raise $1 million towards building a Teaching Center and Clinic on its land in West Virginia; the Center and Clinic will enable Gesundheit to teach health care design. Adams urges medical students to develop compassionate connections with their patients, his prescription for this kind of care relies on humor and play, which he sees as essential to physical and emotional health.
Adams wants the Gesundheit! Institute to open a 40-bed hospital in rural West Virginia that offers free, holistic care to anyone who wants it. Adams was awarded the Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Award on January 29, 1997. In 2008, Adams agreed to become honorary chair of the "International Association for the Advancement of Creative Maladjustment" or IAACM. MindFreedom International, a nonprofit coalition that Gesundheit! belongs to as a sponsor group, launched the IAACM to support "creative maladjustment" and social change. Adams still leads trips to cheer kids up all over the world, he teaches at one session of Wavy Gravy's circus camp Camp Winnarainbow. The 1998 film Patch Adams was based on Adams' life and views on medicine. Adams has criticized the film, saying it eschewed an accurate representation of his beliefs in favor of commercial viability, he said that out of all aspects of his life and activism, the film portrayed him as a funny doctor. Patch Adams said of Robin Williams in an interview, "He made $21 million for four months of pretending to be me, in a simplistic version, did not give $10 to my free hospital.
Patch Adams, the person, would have, if I had Robin's money, given all $21 million to a free hospital in a country where 80 million cannot get care."However, in another interview, Adams did clarify that he did not dislike Williams, stating "I think Robin himself is compassion and funny. I like to think that that's who I am, so I think he was the only actor I wanted to play me, I think he did a fabulous job." Williams had supported St. Jude Children's Research Hospital for several years. Upon hearing of the death of Robin Williams, he released this statement; the terrible news of the passing of Robin Williams reached me here in the Peruvian Amazon late Monday night with tremendous sadness. Surrounded by over 100 friends and clowns on our annual clown trip, we mourn this tragic loss and continue to treasure his comic genius. Robin Williams was a wonderful and generous man. One important thing I remember about his personality is that he was unassuming—he never acted as if he was powerful or famous.
Instead, he was always welcoming, willing to help others with a smile or a joke. Robin was a brilliant comedian—there is no doubt, he was a compassionate. While watching him work on the set of the film based on
John Joseph Nicholson is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years. He is known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including satirical comedy and dark portrayals of anti-heroes and villainous characters. In many of his films, he has played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure, his most known and celebrated films include the road drama Easy Rider. Nicholson has not acted in a film since How Do You Know in 2010, but does not consider himself to be retired, he has directed three films, including The Two Jakes, the sequel to Chinatown. Nicholson's 12 Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice – one for the drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, the other for the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets, he won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment.
Nicholson is one of three male actors to win three Academy Awards. Nicholson is one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s, he has won six Golden Globe Awards, received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, at 57, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award, he has had a number of high-profile relationships, most notably with Anjelica Huston and Rebecca Broussard, was married to Sandra Knight from 1962 until their divorce in 1968. Nicholson has five children – one with Knight, two with Broussard, one each with Susan Anspach and Winnie Hollman. Nicholson was born on April 22, 1937, in Neptune City, New Jersey, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson. Nicholson's mother was of Irish and German descent, she married Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo in 1936, before realizing that he was married. Biographer Patrick McGilligan stated in his book Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King, June's manager, may have been Nicholson's biological father, rather than Furcillo.
Other sources suggest. As June was only seventeen years old and unmarried, her parents agreed to raise Nicholson as their own child without revealing his true parentage, June would act as his sister. In 1974, Time magazine researchers learned, informed Nicholson, that his "sister", was his mother, his other "sister", was his aunt. By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died. On finding out, Nicholson said it was "a pretty dramatic event, but it wasn't what I'd call traumatizing... I was pretty well psychologically formed". Nicholson grew up in New Jersey, he was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. Before starting high school, his family moved to an apartment in New Jersey. "When Jack was ready for high school, the family moved once more—this time two miles farther south to old-money Spring Lake, New Jersey's so-called Irish Riviera, where Ethel May set up her beauty parlor in a rambling duplex at 505 Mercer Avenue." "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "Class Clown" by the Class of 1954.
He was in detention every day for a whole school year. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor. In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine. In 1957, Nicholson joined the California Air National Guard, a move he sometimes characterized as an effort to "dodge the draft". After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a fire fighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962. Nicholson first came to Hollywood in 1954, he took a job as an office worker for animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. They offered him a starting-level job as an animator, but he declined, citing his desire to become an actor, he trained to be an actor with a group called the Players Ring Theater, after which time he found small parts performing on the stage and in TV soap operas.
He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasions, most notably in The Little Shop of Horrors, as masochistic dental patient and undertaker Wil
The Academy Awards known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership; the various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more referred to by its nickname "Oscar". The award was sculpted by George Stanley from a design sketch by Cedric Gibbons. AMPAS first presented it in 1929 at a private dinner hosted by Douglas Fairbanks in the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel; the Academy Awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live worldwide, its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, the Grammy Awards for music – are modeled after the Academy Awards. The 91st Academy Awards ceremony, honoring the best films of 2018, was held on February 24, 2019, at the Dolby Theatre, in Los Angeles, California.
The ceremony was broadcast on ABC. A total of 3,072 Oscar statuettes have been awarded from the inception of the award through the 90th ceremony, it was the first ceremony since 1988 without a host. The first Academy Awards presentation was held on 16 May 1929, at a private dinner function at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel with an audience of about 270 people; the post-awards party was held at the Mayfair Hotel. The cost of guest tickets for that night's ceremony was $5. Fifteen statuettes were awarded, honoring artists and other participants in the film-making industry of the time, for their works during the 1927–28 period; the ceremony ran for 15 minutes. Winners were announced to media three months earlier; that was changed for the second ceremony in 1930. Since for the rest of the first decade, the results were given to newspapers for publication at 11:00 pm on the night of the awards; this method was used until an occasion when the Los Angeles Times announced the winners before the ceremony began.
The first Best Actor awarded was Emil Jannings, for his performances in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. He had to return to Europe before the ceremony, so the Academy agreed to give him the prize earlier. At that time, the winners were recognized for all of their work done in a certain category during the qualifying period. With the fourth ceremony, the system changed, professionals were honored for a specific performance in a single film. For the first six ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. At the 29th ceremony, held on 27 March 1957, the Best Foreign Language Film category was introduced; until foreign-language films had been honored with the Special Achievement Award. The 74th Academy Awards, held in 2002, presented the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature. Since 1973, all Academy Awards ceremonies have ended with the Academy Award for Best Picture. Traditionally, the previous year's winner for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor present the awards for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, while the previous year's winner for Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress present the awards for Best Actor and Best Supporting Actor.
See § Awards of Merit categories The best known award is the Academy Award of Merit, more popularly known as the Oscar statuette. Made of gold-plated bronze on a black metal base, it is 13.5 in tall, weighs 8.5 lb, depicts a knight rendered in Art Deco style holding a crusader's sword standing on a reel of film with five spokes. The five spokes represent the original branches of the Academy: Actors, Directors and Technicians; the model for the statuette is said to be Mexican actor Emilio "El Indio" Fernández. Sculptor George Stanley sculpted Cedric Gibbons' design; the statuettes presented at the initial ceremonies were gold-plated solid bronze. Within a few years the bronze was abandoned in favor of Britannia metal, a pewter-like alloy, plated in copper, nickel silver, 24-karat gold. Due to a metal shortage during World War II, Oscars were made of painted plaster for three years. Following the war, the Academy invited recipients to redeem the plaster figures for gold-plated metal ones; the only addition to the Oscar since it was created is a minor streamlining of the base.
The original Oscar mold was cast in 1928 at the C. W. Shumway & Sons Foundry in Batavia, which contributed to casting the molds for the Vince Lombardi Trophy and Emmy Award's statuettes. From 1983 to 2015 50 Oscars in a tin alloy with gold plating were made each year in Chicago by Illinois manufacturer R. S. Owens & Company, it would take between four weeks to manufacture 50 statuettes. In 2016, the Academy returned to bronze as the core metal of the statuettes, handing manufacturing duties to Walden, New York-based Polich Tallix Fine Art Foundry. While based on a digital scan of an original 1929 Oscar, the statuettes retain their modern-era dimensions and black pedestal. Cast in liquid bronze from 3D-printed ceramic molds and polished, they are electroplated in 24-karat gold by Brooklyn, New York–based Epner Technology; the time required to produce 50 such statuettes is three months. R. S. Owens i
Dustin Lee Hoffman is an American actor and director. Hoffman has been called one of the greatest actors of all time, he is known for his versatile portrayals of antiheroes and vulnerable characters. He is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, six Golden Globe Awards, four BAFTAs, three Drama Desk Awards and, two Emmy Awards. Hoffman received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1999 and the Kennedy Center Honors Award in 2012. Hoffman first drew critical praise for starring in the play, Eh?, for which he won a Theatre World Award and a Drama Desk Award. His breakthrough film role was as Benjamin Braddock in critically iconic The Graduate. Since that time, Hoffman's career has been focused on the cinema, with sporadic returns to television and to the stage. Hoffman's films include Midnight Cowboy, Little Big Man, Lenny, Marathon Man, All the President's Men, Kramer vs. Kramer, Rain Man and Wag the Dog, he made his directorial debut with Quartet. Hoffman was born on August 8, 1937, in Los Angeles, the second son of Lillian and Harry Hoffman.
His father worked as a prop supervisor at Columbia Pictures before becoming a furniture salesman. Hoffman was named after stage and silent screen actor Dustin Farnum, his elder brother, Ronald, is a economist. Hoffman is Jewish, from an Ashkenazi Jewish family of immigrants from Kiev, Russian Empire, Iași, Romania, his upbringing was nonreligious, he has said, "I don't have any memory of celebrating holidays growing up that were Jewish," and that he had "realized" he was Jewish at around the age of 10. Hoffman graduated from Los Angeles High School in 1955 and enrolled at Santa Monica College with the intention of studying medicine, he left after a year to join the Pasadena Playhouse, although when he told his family about his career goal, his Aunt Pearl warned him, "You can't be an actor. You are not good-looking enough." He took classes at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City. Hoffman hoped to become a classical pianist, having studied piano during much of his youth and in college. While at Santa Monica College, he took an acting class, which he assumed would be easy, "caught the acting bug."
He recalls: "I just was not gifted in music. I did not have an ear." Now an aspiring actor, he spent the next ten years doing odd jobs, being unemployed, struggling to get any available acting roles. He composed a song called "Shooting the Breeze," and Bette Midler wrote the words, his first acting role was at the Pasadena Playhouse, alongside future Academy Award–winner Gene Hackman. After two years there, Hackman headed with Hoffman soon following. Hoffman and Robert Duvall lived together in the 1960s, all three of them focused on finding acting jobs. Hackman remembers, "The idea that any of us would do well in films didn't occur to us. We just wanted to work." During this period, Hoffman got occasional television bit parts, including commercials but, needing income, he left acting to teach. In 1960 Hoffman was cast in a role in an off-Broadway production and followed with a walk-on role in a Broadway production in 1961. Hoffman studied at Actors Studio and became a dedicated method actor. Sidney W. Pink, a producer and 3D-movie pioneer, discovered him in one of his off-Broadway roles and cast him in Madigan's Millions.
Through the early and mid-1960s, Hoffman made appearances in television shows and movies, including Naked City, The Defenders and Hallmark Hall of Fame. His first critical success was in the play Eh?, by Henry Livings, which had its U. S. premiere at the Circle in the Square Downtown on October 16, 1966. Hoffman made his film debut in The Tiger Makes Out alongside Eli Wallach. In 1967 after wrapping up principal filming on The Tiger Makes Out, Hoffman flew from New York City to Fargo, North Dakota, where he directed productions of William Gibson's Two for the Seesaw and William Saroyan's The Time of Your Life for the Fargo-Moorhead Community Theatre; the $1,000 he received for the eight-week contract was all he had to hold him over until the funds from the movie materialized. In 1966 director Mike Nichols auditioned Hoffman for a lead role in the Broadway musical The Apple Tree but rejected him because he could not sing well enough and gave Alan Alda the part, but Nichols was so impressed with Hoffman's overall audition he cast him as the male lead in the movie The Graduate.
Hoffman played the character of Benjamin Braddock, who returns to his wealthy parents' home in California after graduating from college. Confused about what to do with his life, he is seduced into having an affair with Mrs. Robinson, an alcoholic and a neurotic, the wife of his father's law partner; this was Hoffman's first major role, he received an Academy Award nomination for it but lost to Rod Steiger in In the Heat of the Night. Although Life magazine joked that "if Dustin Hoffman's face were his fortune, he'd be committed to a life of poverty", The Graduate was a gigantic box-office hit for Embassy Pictures, making Hoffman a major new star at the same time; the film received near-unanimous good reviews. Time magazine called Hoffman "a symbol of youth" who represented "a new breed of actors." The film's screenwriter, Buck Henry, notes that Hoffman's character made conventional good looks no longer necessary on screen: A whole generation changed its idea of what guys should look like....
I think Dustin's physical being brought a sort of social and visual change, in the same way people first thought of Bogart. They called him ugly. Hoffman biographer Je
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman was an American actor and producer. Best known for his distinctive supporting and character roles – lowlifes, eccentrics and misfits – Hoffman acted in many films from the early 1990s until his death in 2014. Drawn to theater as a teenager, Hoffman studied acting at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, he began his screen career in a 1991 episode of Law & Order and started to appear in films in 1992. He gained recognition for his supporting work, notably in Scent of a Woman, Boogie Nights, Patch Adams, The Big Lebowski, The Talented Mr. Ripley, Almost Famous, Punch-Drunk Love, Along Came Polly, he began to play leading roles, for his portrayal of the author Truman Capote in Capote, won multiple accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Hoffman's profile continued to grow, he received three more Oscar nominations for his supporting work as a brutally frank CIA officer in Charlie Wilson's War, a priest accused of pedophilia in Doubt, the charismatic leader of a Scientology-type movement in The Master.
While he worked in independent films, including The Savages and Synecdoche, New York, Hoffman appeared in Flawless, Hollywood blockbusters such as Twister and Mission: Impossible III, in one of his final roles, as Plutarch Heavensbee in the Hunger Games series. The feature Jack Goes Boating marked his debut as a filmmaker. Hoffman was an accomplished theater actor and director, he joined the off-Broadway LAByrinth Theater Company in 1995, where he directed and appeared in numerous stage productions. His performances in three Broadway plays – True West in 2000, Long Day's Journey into Night in 2003, Death of a Salesman in 2012 – all led to Tony Award nominations. Hoffman struggled with drug addiction as a young adult and relapsed in 2013 after many years of abstinence. In February 2014, he died of combined drug intoxication. Remembered for his fearlessness in playing reprehensible characters, for bringing depth and humanity to such roles, Hoffman was described in his New York Times obituary as "perhaps the most ambitious and admired American actor of his generation".
Hoffman was born on July 1967, in the Rochester suburb of Fairport, New York. His mother, Marilyn O'Connor, came from nearby Waterloo and worked as an elementary school teacher before becoming a lawyer and a family court judge, his father, Gordon Stowell Hoffman, of German descent, was a native of Geneva, New York, worked for the Xerox Corporation. Along with one brother, Hoffman has two sisters and Emily. Hoffman was baptized a Roman Catholic and attended Mass as a child, but did not have a religious upbringing, his parents divorced when he was nine, the children were raised by their mother. Hoffman's childhood passion was sports wrestling and baseball, but at age 12, he saw a stage production of Arthur Miller's All My Sons and was transfixed, he recalled. It was like a miracle to me". Hoffman developed a love for the theater, proceeded to attend with his mother, a lifelong enthusiast, he remembered that productions of Quilters and Alms for the Middle Class, the latter starring a teenaged Robert Downey, Jr. were particularly inspirational.
At the age of 14, Hoffman suffered a neck injury that ended his sporting activity, he began to consider acting. Encouraged by his mother, he joined a drama club, committed to it because he was attracted to a female member. Acting became a passion for Hoffman: "I loved the camaraderie of it, the people, that's when I decided it was what I wanted to do." At the age of 17, he was selected to attend the 1984 New York State Summer School of the Arts in Saratoga Springs, where he met his future collaborators Bennett Miller and Dan Futterman. Miller commented on Hoffman's popularity at the time: "We were attracted to the fact that he was genuinely serious about what he was doing, he was passionate." Hoffman applied for several drama degree programs and was accepted to New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. Between starting on the program and graduating from Fairport High School, he continued his training at the Circle in the Square Theatre's summer program. Hoffman had positive memories of his time at NYU.
With friends, he co-founded the Bullstoi Ensemble acting troupe. He received a drama degree in 1989. After graduating, Hoffman worked in off-Broadway theater and made additional money with customer service jobs, he made his screen debut in 1991, in a Law & Order episode called "The Violence of Summer", playing a man accused of rape. His first cinema role came the following year, when he was credited as "Phil Hoffman" in the independent film Triple Bogey on a Par Five Hole. After this, he adopted Seymour, to avoid confusion with another actor. More film roles promptly followed, with appearances in the studio production My New Gun, a small role in the comedy Leap of Faith, starring Steve Martin. Following these roles, he gained attention playing a spoiled student in the Oscar-winning Al Pacino film Scent of a Woman. Hoffman auditioned five times for his role, which The Guardian journalist Ryan Gilbey says gave him an early opportunity "to indulge his skill for making unctuousness compelling"; the film was the first to get Hoffman noticed.
Reflecting on Scent of a Woman, Hoffman late