High German languages
They are also spoken in diaspora in Romania, Russia, the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Chile, and Namibia. The High German languages are marked by the High German consonant shift, separating them from Low German and Low Franconian within the continental West Germanic dialect continuum. As a technical term, the high in High German is a reference to the group of dialects that forms High German, out of which developed Standard German. It refers to the Central Uplands and Alpine areas of central and southern Germany, it also includes Luxembourg, Austria, Liechtenstein and this is opposed to Low German, which is spoken in the lowlands and along the flat sea coasts of the North German Plain. High German in this sense can be subdivided into Upper German, Central German. High German is distinguished from other West Germanic varieties in that it took part in the High German consonant shift, to see this, compare English/Low German pan/Pann with Standard German Pfanne, English/Low Ger
Central German dialects
Romania is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia and it has an area of 238,391 square kilometres and a temperate-continental climate. With over 19 million inhabitants, the country is the member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth-largest city in the EU, the River Danube, Europes second-longest river, rises in Germany and flows in a general southeast direction for 2,857 km, coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romanias Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest are marked by one of their tallest peaks, Moldoveanu, modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877, at the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united wit
A 1917 British map showing territories with majority Romanian populations.
Satu Mare is a city with a population of 102,400 and the capital of Satu Mare County, Romania, as well as the center of the Satu Mare metropolitan area. Mentioned in the Gesta Hungarorum as Castrum Zotmar, the city has a history going back to the Middle Ages, today, it is an academic, cultural, industrial and business centre in northwestern Romania. Satu Mare is situated in Satu Mare County, in northwest Romania, the city is located at an altitude of 126 metres on the Lower Someș alluvial plain, spreading out from the Administrative Palace at 25 October Square. The boundaries of the municipality contain an area of 150.3 square kilometres, the formation of the current terrain of the city, dating from the late Pliocene in the Tertiary period, is linked to the clogging of the Pannonian Sea. Layers of soil were created from deposits of sand, loess and gravel, over this base, decaying vegetation gave rise to podsolic soils, which led to favorable conditions for crops. The water network arou
The Danube Swabians is a collective term for the German-speaking population who lived in various countries of southeastern Europe, especially in the Danube River valley. Most were descended from 18th-century immigrants recruited as colonists to repopulate the area after the expulsion of the Ottoman Empire, the Danube Swabians are the most recently formed distinct line of ethnic German people. The Carpathian Germans and Transylvanian Saxons are not included within the Danube Swabian group, in the singular first person, they identified as a Schwob or a Shwobe. Beginning in the 12th century, German merchants and miners began to settle in the Kingdom of Hungary at the invitation of the Hungarian monarchy, despite differing origins, the new immigrants were all referred to as Swabians by their neighbor Serbs, Hungarians, and Romanians. The Bačka settlers called themselves Schwoweh, the plural of Schwobe in the language that evolved there. The majority of them boarded boats in Ulm, Swabia, th
Traditional schwab house in NE Hungary
Montenegrin 4th brigade Partisans
Institute for Danube Swabian history and geography
Swabian is one of the Alemannic dialects of High German. It is spoken in Swabia, which much of the southwestern German state of Baden-Württemberg, including its capital. It is also spoken in the area known as the Swabian Alb. Swabian is also spoken by the Danube Swabian population of Hungary. Swabian is difficult to understand for speakers of Standard German, not just because of its pronunciation, for example, strawberry jam in Standard German is Erdbeermarmelade while in Swabian it is Bräschdlingsgsälz. The expression is used in a way to describe a small unit of measure and is deemed appropriate to use in front of small children. German broadcaster SWRs childrens website, Kindernetz, explained the meaning of Muggeseggele in their Swabian dictionary in the Swabian-based TV series Ein Fall für B. A. R. Z, the ending -ad is used for verbs in the first person plural. With the addition of this -le, the article of the noun automatically becomes das in the German language, the Swabian -le is
A sticker that translates as: "We can do everything. Except [speak] standard German
Dominik Kuhn (2012)
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects. There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, the most widely spoken Indo-European languages by native speakers are Spanish, English, Hindustani, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, and Punjabi, each with over 100 million speakers. Today, 46% of the population speaks an Indo-European language as a first language. The Indo-European family includes most of the languages of Europe, and parts of Western, Central. It was also predominant in ancient Anatolia, the ancient Tarim Basin and most of Central Asia until the medieval Turkic migrations, all Indo-European languages are descendants of a single prehistoric language, reconstructed as Proto-Indo-European, spoken sometime in the Neolithic era. Several disputed proposals link Indo-European to other language families. In the 16th century, European visitors to the Indian subcontinent began to notice sim
Franz Bopp, pioneer in the field of comparative linguistic studies.