Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen

The Saudi-led intervention in Yemen called the Arab coalition, is an intervention launched by Saudi Arabia in 2015, leading a coalition of nine countries from West Asia and Africa, in response to calls from the internationally recognized pro-Saudi president of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi for military support after he was ousted by the Houthi movement due to economic and political grievances, fled to Saudi Arabia. Code-named Operation Decisive Storm, the intervention is said to be in compliance with Article 2 of the UN Charter by the international community; the intervention consisted of a bombing campaign on Houthi rebels and a naval blockade and the deployment of ground forces into Yemen. The Saudi-led coalition has attacked the positions of the Houthi militia, loyalists of the former President of Yemen, Ali Abdullah Saleh supported by Iran. Fighter jets and ground forces from Egypt, Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Academi took part in the operation. Djibouti and Somalia made their airspace, territorial waters, military bases available to the coalition.

The United States provided intelligence and logistical support, including aerial refueling and search-and-rescue for downed coalition pilots. It accelerated the sale of weapons to coalition states and continued strikes against AQAP; the US and Britain have deployed their military personnel in the command and control centre responsible for Saudi-led air strikes on Yemen, having access to lists of targets. The war has received widespread criticism and had a dramatic worsening effect on Yemen's humanitarian situation, that reached the level of a "humanitarian disaster" or "humanitarian catastrophe", some have labelled it as a genocide. In 2019, the conflict's status was described as a "military stalemate for years". Saudi-backed Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, running unopposed as the only candidate for president, won the 2012 Yemeni elections. Since August 2014, the Houthis, a Zaidi Shia movement and militant group thought to be backed by Iran, dissatisfied with Hadi government's decisions and the new constitution, arranged mass protests which culminated into their takeover of the Yemeni government in 2015, declaring victory of the revolution and drafting a new constitution when Hadi's provisional government had expired its term.

Saudi Arabia and other countries denounced this as an unconstitutional coup d'état. In military operations on the ground, the Houthis were supported by sections of the Yemeni armed forces loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, removed from power as part of the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings. Houthi leaders claimed that Saudi Arabia was trying to break the alliance between the Houthis and Saleh's supporters, reports claimed that Saleh's son Ahmed Ali Saleh had traveled to the Saudi capital to attempt to broker a deal to end the airstrikes. Saudi media claim that his son had approached Riyadh seeking such a deal. By September 2014, Houthi fighters captured Sanaʽa. Soon after, a peace deal was concluded between the Hadi government and the Houthis, but was not honored by either party; the deal was drafted with the intent of defining a power-sharing government. A conflict over a draft constitution resulted in the Houthis consolidating control over the Yemeni capital in January 2015. After resigning from his post alongside his prime minister and remaining under virtual house arrest for one month, Hadi fled to Aden in southern Yemen in February.

Upon arriving in Aden, Hadi withdrew his resignation, saying that the actions of the Houthis from September 2014 had amounted to a "coup" against him. By 25 March, forces answering to Sanaʽa were closing in on Aden, which Hadi had declared to be Yemen's temporary capital. During the Houthis' southern offensive, Saudi Arabia began a military buildup on its border with Yemen. In response, a Houthi commander boasted that his troops would counterattack against any Saudi aggression and would not stop until they had taken Riyadh, the Saudi capital. On 25 March, Hadi called on the UN Security Council to authorise "willing countries that wish to help Yemen to provide immediate support for the legitimate authority by all means and measures to protect Yemen and deter the Houthi aggression". Yemen's foreign minister, Riad Yassin, requested military assistance from the Arab League on 25 March, amid reports that Hadi had fled his provisional capital. On 26 March, Saudi state TV station Al-Ekhbariya TV reported that Hadi arrived at a Riyadh airbase and was met by Saudi Defense Minister Mohammad bin Salman Al Saud.

His route from Aden to Riyadh was not known. At a summit of the Arab League held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, on 28–29 March, President Hadi again repeated his calls for international intervention in the fighting. A number of League members pledged their support to Hadi's government during that meeting. Many ancient cultural heritage sites in Yemen have been destroyed and damaged by Saudi-led coalition airstrikes including some as old as 3,000 years. According to the Saudi news outlet Al Arabiya, Saudi Arabia contributed 100 warplanes and 150,000 soldiers to the military operation. Reuters indicated that planes from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain were taking part. Egypt had sent four warships supporting the Saudi naval blockade; the UAE contributed 30 fighter jets, Kuwait sent 15, Bahrain sent 15, Qatar 10, Jordan and Morocco six each and Sudan four. T

Luther Ingram

Luther Thomas Ingram was an American R&B and soul singer-songwriter. His most successful record, " I Don't Want to Be Right", reached no. 1 on the Billboard R&B chart and no. 3 on the Hot 100 in 1972. Luther Thomas Ingram was born in Jackson, Tennessee on November 30, 1937, his family moved to Alton, Illinois in 1947. Ingram's early interest in music led to formation of a gospel group, the Alton Crusaders, which included his brothers Archie and Richard, they began singing doo-wop, accompanied by bandleader Ike Turner, they recorded as the Gardenias for Federal Records in 1956. In 1965, Ingram recorded his first solo record, his first three recordings failed to chart but that changed when he signed for KoKo Records in the late 1960s, his first hit "My Honey And Me" peaked at #55 on the Billboard Hot 100 on 14 February 1970. Many of his songs appeared in the pop and R&B charts though Koko was only a small label, owned by his manager and record producer, Johnny Baylor. Koko and Baylor were associated with the Memphis based Stax Records label during the height of its commercial success.

Ingram is best known for the hit, " I Don't Want to Be Right", written by Homer Banks, Carl Hampton and Raymond Jackson. The song reached number one on Billboard's R&B chart and peaked at number three on that publication's Hot 100 chart in the summer of 1972; the track stayed in the Hot 100 for 18 weeks selling a reported four million copies. The song was successfully covered by Millie Jackson, David Ruffin, Barbara Mandrell. Other popular tracks for Ingram included "Ain't That Loving You", "Let's Steal Away to the Hideaway" and "I'll Be Your Shelter", he co-authored "Respect Yourself", a million seller for the Staple Singers in 1971. The acetate demo version of Ingram's, "Exus Trek", became a sought after Northern soul track. With the Stax connections, Ingram recorded at the Memphis label's studios, as well as other southern-based studios such as Muscle Shoals. Ingram was opening act for Isaac Hayes for some years, used Hayes' Movement band and female backing group for his 1970s recordings, he recorded into the 1980s, whilst only managing lower R&B chart hits.

He performed in concert. Ingram died on March 19, 2007, at a Belleville, hospital of heart failure. According to his wife Jacqui Ingram, he had suffered for years from diabetes, kidney disease and partial blindness, he was buried at Mount Carmel Catholic Cemetery in Belleville. 1972: I've Been Here All The Time 1972: I Don't Want To Be Right 1976: Let's Steal Away To The Hideaway 1977: Do You Love Somebody 1986: Luther Ingram Official website Luther Ingram on AllMusic Obituary, The Independent, 7 April 2007 The complete Luther Ingram discography at Soul Express Luther Ingram at Find a Grave

Ismarus (Thrace)

Ismarus or Ismaros was a city of the Cicones, in ancient Thrace, mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey. After their departure from Troy and his companions stop at Ismaros, they sack the town, attack the Cicones, the inhabitants of the adjacent region. They kill the men and divide the women and treasures among themselves begin to feast, despite Odysseus' advice that they leave immediately; the Cicones, who have left in search of help, come back in the morning in great numbers. Odysseus manages to escape, he continues his journey home to Ithaca. While at Ismaros, Odysseus spares Maron, the son of Euanthes and the priest of Apollo, his family; because of this, Maron gifts him a "goatskin bottle of black wine", some gold, a mixing bowl. The wine was a strong and divine drink, as for each cup of wine, 20 times as much water was added to it to dilute it, he uses this wine to lull the Cyclops Polyphemus to sleep. Ismarus was situated on a mountain of the same name, east of lake Ismaris, on the southeast coast of Thrace.

The district about Ismarus produced wine, esteemed. Pliny the Elder refers to the town as Ismaron. Although Lake Ismaris is identified with the modern Lake Mitrikon; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed.. "Ismarus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. Durando, Furio. Greece, a guide to the archaeological sites