Stefan Sauk is a Swedish actor and comedian. Sauk has not only worked in films, he has worked a lot on television, he was one of the castmembers of Lorry. He participates in Stjärnorna på slottet in season 10, broadcast on SVT. 1986: I lagens namn 1988: Strul 1995: Vendetta 1995: 30:e november 1997: The Island on Bird Street 2000: Dykaren 2003: At Point Blank 2004: Hotet 2009: The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo 2012: Don't Ever Wipe Tears Without Gloves 2018: One Last Deal "Stefan Sauk". Swedish Film Institute. Retrieved 2010-01-31. Stefan Sauk on IMDb
Sauk Village, Illinois
Sauk Village is a village in Cook County, United States, with a small portion in Will County. The population was 10,506 at the 2010 census. Sauk Village is located at 41°29′19″N 87°33′56″W. According to the 2010 census, Sauk Village has a total area of 3.878 square miles, of which 3.84 square miles is land and 0.038 square miles is water. The village stands on the Tinley Moraine; the Glenwood Shoreline cuts through the village. Neighboring towns include the Illinois communities of Lynwood to the northeast, Ford Heights to the north, Chicago Heights to the northwest, South Chicago Heights to the west, Steger to the southwest, Crete to the south; the town of Dyer, Indiana, is the nearest community to the east. As of the census of 2010, there were 10,506 people, 3,685 households, 2,525 families residing in the village; the population density was 2,737.2 people per square mile. There were 3,226 occupied, at an average density of 924.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 28.80% White, 62.79% African American, 1.00% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 5.90% from other races.
Additionally, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.10% of the population. There were 3,226 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 29.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.66. In the village, the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 57.5% from 18 to 64, 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $53,058, the median income for a family was $53,474; the per capita income for the village was $17,721. About 16.3% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.
The area, now known as Sauk Village has been a center of activity for hundreds of years. Several Native American tribes inhabited this land, a part of an area of high ground surrounding Lake Michigan known as the Valparaiso Moraine; the Native Americans used this high ground for transporting herd animals and trade items. Though the Potawatomi and Illinois Confederation tribes were native to the area, the Sauk people, from Michigan, became the namesake of the Sauk Trail; as the westward expansion increased during the 19th century, the Sauk tribes were forced to move westward. Annually, they would travel the Sauk Trail to collect treaty money from Canada and the United States; this area was opened to American settlers in 1838. Vincent Sauter and Frederick Richards came to Bloom in 1839, settled at New Strasburg. Christian Millar, the first blacksmith, H. Beekley, the first house carpenter, located here in 1842. Though the original settlers of Sauk Village moved here from the East Coast, their roots were in Western Europe France and Germany.
The first immigrants to the area were Hiram Wood, Henry Ayen, Rowley. After these original settlers, a second wave of families moved to the Sauk Village area, including such familiar names such as Parrino, Kavelage, Sauter, Kloss, Jung, Schmidt and Peters. Postmaster Charles Sauter named the settlement Strassburg, after Strasbourg, home of many of the original settlers. Back when the area was being settled by Americans, land sold for $1.25 an acre. In 1847, St. Jakob's Church was built. Father Francis Fischer was the first priest of the church. In 1871, the original church was burned to the ground; the church was promptly rebuilt, only to be struck again in 1873. After this second lightning strike, the church was moved to what became the corner of Sauk Trail and the Calumet Expressway, where it would stand until its razing in 2004; the name of the church was changed from the German St. Jakob to St. James in 1917 as a result of anti-German attitudes due to World War I. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, St. James Church experienced a shortage in revenues.
Area residents helped by hand-digging the basement of the church in order to create a hall that could be rented out. On November 11, 1940, a tornado touched down in the area, causing extensive damage to the roof of St. James Church. Area residents may have known the Old St. James Church as the Old Community Center; the graveyard directly behind where the Old St. James Church stood is the St. James Cemetery at Strassburg, it is the final resting place for many of Sauk Village's original settlers. While the church was being readied for demolition in 2004, former Trustee Richard Derosier, while cleaning the attic of the old church, stumbled over an old relic cross that once hung in the old St. James Church; the old relic cross now hangs at the entry to St. James Church some 150 years later; the original bell, cast in the 19th century, stands outside St. James Church today as a testament to the history and sacrifices of so many families of Sauk Village; when the Calumet Expressway was built in the late 1950s, the Strassburg area was seen as a prime real estate development.
The AMBO I Construction firm moved into the area in 1956, building homes in what is now known as the Garden Section, near the Calum
Jacek Sauk is a Polish politician, member of Law and Justice party. He was a member of Polish Sejm from 2001 to 2005 and Polish Senate from 1997 to 2001 and from 2005 to 2007
The Sac or Sauk are a group of Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands culture group, who lived in the region of what is now Green Bay, when first encountered by the French in 1667. Their autonym is oθaakiiwaki, their exonym is Ozaagii in Ojibwe; the latter name was transliterated into English by colonists of those cultures. Today they have three federally recognized tribes, together with the Meskwaki, located in Iowa and Kansas; the Sauk, an Algonquian languages people, are believed to have developed as a people along the St. Lawrence River, they were driven by pressure from other tribes the powerful Iroquois League or Haudenosaunee. It is believed by some historians that they migrated to what is now eastern Michigan, where they settled around Saginaw Bay; this leads to the theory that, due to the yellow-clay soils found around Saginaw Bay, they called themselves the autonym of Oθaakiiwaki Some native Ojibwe oral histories place the Sauk in the Saginaw Valley some time before the arrival of Europeans.
However, this location near Lake Huron for the Sauk at that time may be in error. In the early 17th century, when natives told French explorer Samuel de Champlain that the Sauk nation was located on the west shore of Lake Michigan, Champlain mistakenly placed them on the western shore of Lake Huron; this mistake was copied on subsequent maps, future references identified this as the place of the Sauks. Champlain himself never visited. There is little archaeological evidence; the neighboring Anishanabeg Ojibwe and Ottawa peoples referred to them by the exonym Ozaagii, meaning "those at the outlet". French colonists transliterated that as Sac and the English as "Sauk". Anishinaabe expansion and the Huron attempt to gain regional stability drove the Sac out of their territory; the Huron were armed with guns supplied by their French trading partners. The Sac moved south to territory in parts of what are now Wisconsin. A allied tribe, the Meskwaki, were noted for resisting French encroachment, having fought two wars against them in the early 18th century.
After a devastating battle of September 9, 1730, in Illinois, in which hundreds of warriors were killed and many women and children taken captive by French allies, Fox refugees took shelter with the Sac, making them subject to French attack. The Sac continued moving west to Kansas. Two important leaders arose among the Sac: Black Hawk. At first Keokuk accepted the loss of land as inevitable in the face of the vast numbers of white soldiers and settlers coming west, he tried to preserve tribal land and his people, to keep the peace. Having failed to receive expected supplies from the Americans on credit, Black Hawk wanted to fight, saying his people were "forced into war by being deceived". Led by Black Hawk in 1832, the Sac band resisted the continued loss of lands Their warfare with United States forces resulted in defeat at the hands of General Edmund P. Gaines in the Black Hawk War. About this time, one group of Sac moved into Missouri, to Kansas and Nebraska. In 1869 the larger group of Sac moved into reservations in Oklahoma, where they merged with the Meskwaki as the federally recognized Sac and Fox Nation.
A smaller number returned to the Midwest from Oklahoma They joined the Mesquakie at the Mesqwaki Settlement, Iowa. The Sauk had a patrilineal clan system, in which descent and inheritance was traced through the father. Clans which continue are: Fish, Ocean/Sea, Bear, Potato, Beaver and Wolf; the tribe was governed by a council of sacred clan chiefs, a war chief, the head of families, the warriors. Chiefs were recognized in three categories: civil and ceremonial. Only the civil chiefs were hereditary; the other two chiefs were recognized by bands after they demonstrated their ability or spiritual power. This traditional manner of selecting historic clan chiefs and governance was replaced in the 19th century by the United States appointing leaders through their agents at the Sac and Fox Agency, or reservation in Indian Territory. In the 20th century, the tribe adopted a constitutional government patterned after the United States form, they elect their chiefs. Today the federally recognized Sac and Fox tribes are: Sac and Fox Nation, headquartered in Stroud, Oklahoma.
Sauk is one of the many Algonquian languages. It is closely related to the varieties spoken by the Meskwaki and the Kickapoo tribes; each of the dialects contains innovations that distinguish them from each other. Sauk and Meskwaki appear to be the most related of the three, reflecting the peoples' long relationship. Sauk is considered to be mutually intelligible, to a point, with Fox. In their own language, the Sauk at one time called themselves asakiwaki, "people of the outlet"; the Sauk people have a syllabic orthography for their language. They published a Primer Book in 1975, based on a "traditional" syllabary that existed in 1906, it is intended to help modern-day Sauk to learn to speak their ancestral tongue. A newer orthography was proposed around 1994 to aid in language revival; the former syllabary was aimed at remaining native speakers of Sauk.
Sauk County, Wisconsin
Sauk County is a county in Wisconsin. It is named after a large village of the Sauk people; as of the 2010 census, the population was 61,976. Its county seat and largest city is Baraboo; the county was created in 1840 from Wisconsin Territory and organized in 1844. Sauk County comprises the Baraboo, WI Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Combined Statistical Area. Sauk County was a New England settlement; the original founders of Sauk County consisted of settlers from New England as well as some from upstate New York who had parents that moved to that region from New England shortly after the American Revolution. These people were "Yankee" settlers, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. While most of them came to Wisconsin directly from New England, there were many who came from upstate New York; these were people whose parents had moved from New England to upstate New York in the immediate aftermath of the American Revolution.
They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. In the case of Wisconsin this migration occurred in the 1830s. Due to the prevalence of New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York, Wisconsin was culturally continuous with early New England culture for much of its early history; the Yankee migration to Wisconsin in the 1830s was a result of several factors, one of, the overpopulation of New England. The old stock Yankee population had large families bearing up to ten children in one household. Most people were expected to have their own piece of land to farm, due to the massive and nonstop population boom, land in New England became scarce as every son claimed his own farmstead; as a result there was not enough land for every family to have a self-sustaining farm, Yankee settlers began leaving New England for the Midwestern United States. They were aided in this effort by the construction and completion of the Erie Canal which made traveling to the region much easier, causing an additional surge in migrants coming from New England.
Added to this was the end of the Black Hawk War, which made the region much safer to travel through and settle in for white settlers. They got to what is now Sauk County in the 1830s by sailing up the Wisconsin River from the Mississippi River on small barges which they constructed themselves out of materials obtained from the surrounding woodlands; when they arrived in what is now Sauk County there was nothing but dense virgin forest, the "Yankee" New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism, they were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism and some became Baptist before moving to what is now Sauk County. Sauk County, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.
In the late 1890s, German immigrants began to settle in Sauk County, making up less than one out of thirty settlers in the county before this date. There was little conflict between them and the "Yankee" settlers, however when conflict did arise it focused around the issue of prohibition of alcohol. On this issue the Yankees were divided and the Germans unanimously were opposed to it, tipping the balance in favor of opposition to prohibition; the two communities would be divided on the issue of World War I in which, once again, the Yankee community would be divided and the Germans were unanimously opposed to American entry into the war. The Yankee community was pro-British, however many of the Yankees did not want America to enter the war themselves; the Germans were sympathetic to Germany and did not want the United States to enter into a war against Germany, but the Germans were not anti-British. Prior to World War I, many German community leaders in Wisconsin spoke and enthusiastically about how much better America was than Germany, due to the presence of English law and the English political culture the Americans had inherited from the colonial era, which they contrasted with the turmoil and oppression in Germany which they had so fled.
In the early 1900s immigrants from Ireland, Sweden and Poland arrived in Sauk County. The area around Baraboo was first settled by Abe Wood in 1838, was known as the village of Adams. In 1846 it became the county seat of Sauk County after a fierce fight with the nearby village of Reedsburg. In 1852, the village was renamed "Baraboo", after the nearby river, it was incorporated as a city in 1882. New England settlers set up several sawmills early in the history of what is now Baraboo because of its location near the Baraboo and Wisconsin Rivers; the city was the home of the Ringling Brothers. From 1884 to 1917 it was the headquarters of their circus and several others, leading to the nickname "Circus City". Today Circus World Museum is located in Baraboo. A living history museum, it has a collection of other circus artifacts, it has the largest library of circus information in the United States. The museum hosted the Great Circus Parade, which carried circus wagons and performers through the streets of Baraboo, across the state by train, through downtown Milwaukee.
The Al. Ringling Theatre is a grand scale movie palace in downtown Baraboo, made possible through the financial assistance of the Ringlin
The Sauk Trail was a Native American trail running through what are present-day Illinois and Michigan in the United States. From west to east, the trail ran from Rock Island on the Mississippi River to the Illinois River near modern Peru along the north bank of that river to Joliet, on to Valparaiso, Indiana, it ran northeasterly to La Porte and into southern Michigan running through Niles, Sturgis and ending at the Detroit River near Detroit. Sections of the trail appeared to follow the southern boundary between the dense forest and the mixed grassland regions; the identification of a mastodon trailway along the same path indicates that the Native Americans may have been using a long established game trail, as they did in other areas, for instance where they followed bison paths. In 1820 Henry Schoolcraft at present-day Michigan City, described the trail, as a "plain horse path, traveled by traders and others..." and said that a stranger could not follow it without the services of a guide because of the numerous side trails.
The Sauk Trail intersected many important trails and early roads, including trails to Vincennes, to Green Bay, to Fort Wayne and to Little Traverse Bay. In Illinois, not much is known about the exact path. Scholars believe it ran along the Illinois River, past what was at one point, the "Grand Village of the Illini", near current-day Utica. Settlers used this trail, U. S. Route 6 was built along the same rough route, it ran from Rock Island, to Peru and follows along the northern bank of the Illinois River to Joliet. Settler accounts note that where the Rock River joined the Mississippi River was the beginning of a native path that continued eastward to Chicago. US 12 was built along a known portion of the Sauk Trail that ends in Detroit. US 6 parallels, at various points, the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers' paths, some of their tributaries. Natives and settlers found pathways easiest along the river banks; the transition of the trail from Illinois to Indiana is uncertain. A Great Sauk Trail memorial was installed outside of Iddings Elementary School in Merrillville, Indiana.
It has been established that the trail ran through what is today Valparaiso into La Porte and on to Michigan. Today Rte 30 transitions to Rte 2 along this route. In Michigan, the route of the modern US Highway 12 has been associated with the Sauk Trail since 1962. Before that year, US 112 was the roadway along this route. Saginaw Trail, another trail named after the Sac people Media related to Sauk Trail at Wikimedia Commons
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent and Zimbabwe. It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of South Holland spoken by the Dutch settlers of what is now South Africa, where it began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch, was referred to as "Cape Dutch" or "kitchen Dutch". However, it is variously described as a creole or as a creolised language; the term is derived from Dutch Afrikaans-Hollands meaning "African Dutch". Although Afrikaans has adopted words from other languages, including German and the Khoisan languages, an estimated 90 to 95% of the vocabulary of Afrikaans is of Dutch origin. Therefore, differences with Dutch lie in the more analytic-type morphology and grammar of Afrikaans, a spelling that expresses Afrikaans pronunciation rather than standard Dutch. There is a large degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages—especially in written form.
With about 7 million native speakers in South Africa, or 13.5% of the population, it is the third-most-spoken language in the country. It has the widest geographical and racial distribution of all the 11 official languages of South Africa, is spoken and understood as a second or third language, it is the majority language of the western half of South Africa—the provinces of the Northern Cape and Western Cape—and the first language of 75.8% of Coloured South Africans, 60.8% of White South Africans. In addition, many native speakers of Bantu languages and English speak Afrikaans as a second language, it is taught with about 10.3 million second-language students. One reason for the expansion of Afrikaans is its development in the public realm: it is used in newspapers, radio programs, TV, several translations of the Bible have been published since the first one was completed in 1933. In neighbouring Namibia, Afrikaans is spoken as a second language and used as a lingua franca, while as a native language it is spoken in 10.4% of households concentrated in the capital Windhoek, Walvis Bay and the southern regions of Hardap and ǁKaras.
It, along with German, was among the official languages of Namibia until the country became independent in 1990, 25% of the population of Windhoek spoke Afrikaans at home. Both Afrikaans and German are recognised regional languages in Namibia, although only English has official status within the government. Estimates of the total number of Afrikaans speakers range between 23 million; the term is derived from the Dutch term Afrikaans-Hollands meaning "African Dutch". An estimated 90 to 95% of the Afrikaans lexicon is of Dutch origin, there are few lexical differences between the two languages. Afrikaans has a more regular morphology and spelling. There is a degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages in written form. Afrikaans acquired some lexical and syntactical borrowings from other languages such as Malay, Khoisan languages and Bantu languages, Afrikaans has been influenced by South African English. Dutch speakers are confronted with fewer non-cognates when listening to Afrikaans than the other way round.
Mutual intelligibility thus tends to be asymmetrical, as it is easier for Dutch speakers to understand Afrikaans than for Afrikaans speakers to understand Dutch. In general, mutual intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans is better than between Dutch and Frisian or between Danish and Swedish; the South African poet writer Breyten Breytenbach, attempting to visualize the language distance for anglophones once remarked that the differences between Dutch and Afrikaans are comparable to those between the Received Pronunciation and Southern American English. The Afrikaans language arose in the Dutch Cape Colony, through a gradual divergence from European Dutch dialects, during the course of the 18th century; as early as the mid-18th century and as as the mid-20th century, Afrikaans was known in standard Dutch as a "kitchen language", lacking the prestige accorded, for example by the educational system in Africa, to languages spoken outside Africa. Other early epithets setting apart Kaaps Hollands as putatively beneath official Dutch standards included geradbraakt and onbeschaafd Hollands, as well as verkeerd Nederlands.
Den Besten theorizes that modern Standard Afrikaans derives from two sources: Cape Dutch, a direct transplantation of European Dutch to southern Africa, and'Hottentot Dutch', a pidgin that descended from'Foreigner Talk' and from the Dutch pidgin spoken by slaves, via a hypothetical Dutch creole. Thus in his view Afrikaans is neither a creole nor a direct descendant of Dutch, but a fusion of two transmission pathways. A relative majority of the first settlers whose descendants today are the Afrikaners were from the United Provinces, though up to one-sixth of the community was of French Huguenot origin, a seventh from Germany. African and Asian workers and slaves contributed to the development of Afrikaans; the slave population was made up of people from East Africa, West Africa, India and the Dutch East Indies. A number were indigenous Khoisan people, who were valued as i