East Windsor, Connecticut
East Windsor is a town in Hartford County, United States. The population was 11,162 at the 2010 census; the town has five villages: Broad Brook, Scantic, Warehouse Point and Windsorville. In 1633, Settlers laid claim to the area now known as Windsor. No English settlers lived on the east side of the river; the first English settler in what is today known as East Windsor, was William Pynchon, the founder of Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1636, he erected a warehouse for his settlement's transshipment of goods at what is now known as "Warehouse Point". Warehouse Point served as the southern border of Springfield, for 132 years — until 1768 — when Warehouse Point, was annexed by the Connecticut Colony. Pynchon selected the site of Warehouse Point because of its location near the Enfield Falls — the first major falls in the Connecticut River, where all seagoing vessels were forced to terminate their voyages, transship to smaller shallops. By constructing a warehouse at Warehouse Point, Pynchon forced all northern Connecticut River business to run through him and his settlement at Springfield.
Meanwhile, most of today's East Windsor was part of the prominent Windsor settlement on the east side of the river. Settlers avoided the East Side of the river due to the Podunk tribe who inhabited the area following King Philip's War in 1675, it is unknown, the first settler in today's East Windsor. East Windsor included today's Ellington and South Windsor. In 1768, The East Windsor parish was partitioned from Windsor; the center of town became. The North Part of town center was Scantic. In 1818, resident Solomon Ellsworth Jr, was blasting a hole for his well to go alongside of his house in town. While in the process, he found some foreign bones, not known at the time; these bones would last be sent to Yale University and would determine to be Dinosaur fossils one of a Anchisaurus. Though not the first fossils to be found, the discovery of the fossils led to the dinosaur discovery craze that occurred on in the century as these were the first bones to be known as a dinosaur, four years before William Buckland determined it.
The bones are still at Yale while the Ellsworth Homestead still stands on Rye Street near the South Windsor line. In 1832, the Broad Brook Mill was created at the waterfall of the Mill Pond; the town has five sections of town, Warehouse Point, Broad Brook, Scantic and Windsorville. The oldest section of town is Warehouse Point, which, as mentioned, was first used by William Pynchon in the 1630s, settled as part of Springfield in the 1680s; the Scantic section of town was the center of town. The Windsorville section of town was once its own community, featuring a church, post office, mini-mart, a park. Mulnite Farms is a tobacco farm on Graham Road, established in 1905. In 1897, the town's voluntary fire department was created in the mill; the Broad Brook Elementary school was established in 1951. In 1961 the town hall burned down; the new town hall is on Rye Street across from the elementary school. The new voluntary fire department building and senior center was built on the same site of the old town hall.
On Memorial Day Weekend, in 1986, the Broad Brook Mill caught on fire during renovations, with the mill and the tire shop burned down and the smoke being seen as far as Bradley International Airport and Hartford. A new mini strip mall was built on the site of the mill. In recent years, the town's location — equidistant to the two major cities of Springfield and Hartford — has led to exponential population growth, has caused it to become the fastest growing town in Connecticut. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.8 square miles, of which 26.3 square miles is land and 0.58 square miles, or 2.11%, is water. East Windsor is bordered by the town of Enfield to the north, South Windsor to the south, Ellington to the east, Windsor Locks and Windsor to the west, across the Connecticut River. By virtue of its location on the Connecticut River, Windsor functioned as a vital port. Merchants on both sides of the river shipped timber products, livestock, wheat and other produce to supply plantations in the West Indies, importing sugar, molasses and British manufactured textiles, ceramics and glass on return trips.
Windsor’s Hooker and Chaffee mercantile firm maintained a store and packing houses right off Windsor’s Palisado Green. Small scale shipbuilding took place at the mouth of the Scantic River in what is now South Windsor, Warehouse Point in what is now East Windsor, along the Farmington from as far upriver as today’s village of Poquonock; as of the census of 2000, there were 9,818 people, 4,078 households, 2,556 families residing in the town. The population density was 373.5 people per square mile. There were 4,356 housing units at an average density of 165.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 91.47% White, 4.09% African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.83% from other races, 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.11% of the population. There were 4,078 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families.
30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was
Bennett's Pond State Park
Bennett's Pond State Park is a public recreation area located in the town of Ridgefield, Connecticut. The state park occupies a portion of the estate once owned by industrialist Louis D. Conley; the park features the 56-acre pond for which it is named and many miles of hiking trails in a pristine woodland environment. It is crossed by the Ives Trail. In addition to hiking, the park offers fishing and seasonal bow hunting, it is managed by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. In 1914, tinfoil magnate and arboreal philanthropist Louis D. Conley retired to Connecticut and the 1500-acre estate that he called Outpost Farm. Among other improvements on the estate grounds, Conley initiated the creation of what would become one of the leading nurseries on the East Coast of the United States. After Conley's death from meningitis at the age of 56, nursery operations continued for another 15 years. Examples of the tree species nurtured here can be found throughout the park, though most other signs of the estate have disappeared.
In the 1970s, the estate passed into the hands of computer giant IBM, which razed Conley's 34-room mansion in 1974 and sold a large portion of the land to a commercial developer, Eureka V LLC, in 1997. Local opposition to the developer's plans for a golf course, conference centers and condominiums resulted in protracted legal maneuvering that ended with the town acquiring 458 acres from Eureka through eminent domain in 2001. With the assistance of a two-million-dollar grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, the state subsequently purchased the land from the town, creating Bennett’s Pond State Park in 2002. Bennett's Pond State Park Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bennett's Pond State Park Map Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Enfield is a town in Hartford County, United States. The population was 44,654 at the 2010 census, it is bordered by Longmeadow and East Longmeadow, Massachusetts, to the north, Somers to the east, East Windsor and Ellington to the south, the Connecticut River to the west. Enfield was inhabited by the Pocomtuc tribe, contained their two villages of Scitico and Nameroke. Though land grants were first granted in 1674, no one attempted to settle what is known as Enfield until 1679 when the Pease Brothers of Robert and John II, settlers from Salem, Massachusetts came in to settle the fertile lands, they dug a shelter into a bill and camped there for the winter until their families came to help them build houses. In 1675, a sawmill owned by William Pynchon II was burned in the wake of King Phillip's War; the first town meeting was held on August 14, 1679 and a committee of five were appointed by men from Springfield as it was the parent town at the time. Enfield was incorporated in Massachusetts on May 1683 as the Freshwater Plantation.
The same day as the town of Stow, making them the 52nd/53rd towns in the Colony. The namesake is the Freshwater Brook. Five years on March 16, 1688, the townspeople purchased Enfield from a Podunk named Notatuck for 25 pounds Sterling, it is unclear what claim Notatuck had to the land, or whether he was selling the land or the rights to use it. Shortly around 1700, the town changed its name to Enfield after Enfield Town in Middlesex, to go with the other fields in the area such as Springfield and Suffield. In 1734, the eastern part of town separated into the town of Somers. In 1749, following the settlement of a lawsuit in which it was determined that a surveyor's error placed a section of present-day Hartford County within the boundaries of Massachusetts, the town seceded and became part of Connecticut. Jonathan Edwards preached "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God", in Enfield, it was part of the Great Awakening revival that struck New England in the mid-18th century and spread throughout Western North American civilization.
The modern town of Enfield was formed through the merging of Enfield and Hazardville, named for Colonel Augustus George Hazard, whose company manufactured gunpowder in the Powder Hollow area of the town from the 1830s to the 1910s. In the 1989 film Glory, boxes of gunpowder can be seen with the words Enfield, CT printed on the sides. In an episode in the 1970s police drama Hawaii Five-O, Jack Lord's character Steve McGarrett traces explosives back to "The Hazard Gunpowder Company- Enfield, CT"; the capacity of the mill at the time of the Civil War was 1,200 pounds per day. Over 60 people died in explosions in Powder Hollow during the years when gunpowder was manufactured there; the mill blew up several times, but was set up so that if one building blew up, the rest would not follow in a chain reaction. The ruins of these buildings and the dams are open to the public. Powder Hollow is now home to baseball fields and hiking trails. King's Island in the Connecticut River known as Terry Island, was the location of pivotal meetings of Adventist Christians in 1872 and 1873.
In 1972, Asnuntuck Community College was established in Enfield as the twelfth institution in the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities system. Classes began in 1972 with an initial enrollment of 251, 12 Associate in Science degrees and 20 Associate of Art degrees were awarded to the first graduating class in 1974. There are five sections of the town of Enfield. Enfield Village, Hazardville and Sherwood Village. In 1793, a historic Shaker village, Enfield Shaker village, one of nineteen scattered from Maine to Kentucky, was established in the town; the Utopian religious sect practiced celibate, communal living, is today renowned for its simple architecture and furniture. Membership dwindled and the village disbanded; the property has since been redeveloped by the Enfield Correctional Institution, still located on Shaker Road. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.2 square miles, of which 33.3 square miles is land and 0.93 square miles, or 2.76%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,212 people, 16,418 households, 11,394 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,354.3 people per square mile. There were 17,043 housing units at an average density of 510.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 89.74% White, 5.61% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.74% of the population. There were 16,418 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 34.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $67,402, the median income for a family was $77,554. Males had
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
New England National Scenic Trail
The New England National Scenic Trail is a National Scenic Trail in southern New England, which includes most of the three single trails Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, Mattabesett Trail and Metacomet Trail. After the Metacomet-Monadnock-Mattabesett trail system, the trail is sometimes called the Triple-M Trail; the 215-mile route extends through 41 communities from Guilford, Connecticut at Long Island Sound over the Metacomet Ridge, through the highlands of the Pioneer Valley of Massachusetts, to the New Hampshire state border. This includes a now complete connector trail from the southernmost location of the Mattabesett Trail to the sea and a deviation of the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail in Massachusetts, to lead the trail through state-owned land instead of unprotected land; the trail is administered by the National Park Service, managed by two non-profit and member-volunteer based organizations: the Connecticut Forest and Park Association in Connecticut, the Appalachian Mountain Club in Massachusetts.
The trail is maintained by the volunteers of these organizations. In 2000, the United States Congress authorized the National Park Service to research the new trail composed of the Mattabesett Trail, Metacomet Trail, Metacomet-Monadnock Trail in Connecticut and Massachusetts; this was backed by Public Law 107-338. The argument, as testified before Congress, was that the preservation of the trail system as a recreational resource is only possible through its joint protection; the draft study was concluded in April 2006, published and made available for public review and comment. At this time, the trail was referred to as the MMM Trail. Public meetings in Connecticut and Massachusetts on September 26 and 27, 2006 yielded large support for the project and inquired about trail use and management, alternative trail routes. In March 2007, Representative John Olver introduced the New England Scenic Trail Designation Act. Co-sponsors were the Democratic representatives Richard Neal, John B. Larson, Joe Courtney, Rosa DeLauro and Chris Murphy.
The bill, proposed amending the National Trail System Act to add the Monadnock and Mattabesett Trail System as a National Scenic Trail, was passed by the House of Representatives in 2008. This measure was subsequently rolled into the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 30, 2009; the act established three new national scenic trails, including the New England National Scenic Trail. On March 30, 2009, the New England Scenic Trail was designated by United States Public Law 111-11 Section 5202; this section defines the trail as extending from Long Island Sound in Guilford, Connecticut, to the Massachusetts / New Hampshire border. But it encourages talks with New Hampshire officials and municipalities so as to enable future expansion to Mount Monadnock in New Hampshire. Since the designation in 2009 there have been two significant changes to the trail. In 2010, a north-south connector was built from the southernmost point on the Mattabesset Trail section, extending eleven miles south in Guilford, Connecticut.
In 2012 and 2013 the remaining four miles to Long Island Sound was completed traversing the historic central downtown Guilford district south to the town harbor. In Massachusetts in 2012 and 2013 22 miles of the NET's Metacomet-Monadnock trail sections were re-routed; these sections had been interrupted for a number of years due to issues where the MM passed through private land. These NET/MM sections parallel both U. S. Route 202 and the western shore of Quabbin Reservoir; the re-routed section from the eastern descent of the Holyoke Range to the Scarborough Pond Conservation Area now constitutes the longest "road walk" on the Massachusetts portion of the NET. New England Trail website NET map NET Feasibility Study NET Executive Summary
Protected areas of the United States
The protected areas of the United States are managed by an array of different federal, state and local level authorities and receive varying levels of protection. Some areas are managed as wilderness, while others are operated with acceptable commercial exploitation; as of 2015, the 25,800 protected areas covered 1,294,476 km2, or 14 percent of the land area of the United States. This is one-tenth of the protected land area of the world; the U. S. had a total of 787 National Marine Protected Areas, covering an additional 1,271,408 km2, or 12 percent of the total marine area of the United States. Some areas are managed in concert between levels of government; the Father Marquette National Memorial is an example of a federal park operated by a state park system, while Kal-Haven Trail is an example of a state park operated by county-level government. As of 2007, according to the United Nations Environment Programme, the U. S. had a total of 6,770 terrestrial nationally designated protected areas. Federal level protected areas are managed by a variety of agencies, most of which are a part of the National Park Service, a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior.
They are considered the crown jewels of the protected areas. Other areas are managed by the United States Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; the United States Army Corps of Engineers is claimed to provide 30 percent of the recreational opportunities on federal lands through lakes and waterways that they manage. The highest levels of protection, as described by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, are Level I and Level II; the United States maintains 12 percent of the Level II lands in the world. These lands had a total area of 210,000 sq mi. A confusing system for naming protected areas results in some types being used by more than one agency. For instance, both the National Park Service and the U. S. Forest Service operate areas designated National National Recreation Areas; the National Park Service, the U. S. Forest Service, the Bureau of Land Management operate areas called National Monuments. National Wilderness Areas are designated within other protected areas, managed by various agencies and sometimes wilderness areas span areas managed by multiple agencies.
There are existing federal designations of historic or landmark status that may support preservation via tax incentives, but that do not convey any protection, including a listing on the National Register of Historic Places or a designation as a National Historic Landmark. States and local zoning bodies may not choose to protect these; the state of Colorado, for example, is clear that it does not set any limits on owners of NRHP properties. Federal protected area designations National Park System National Parks National Preserves National Seashores National Lakeshores National Forest National Forests National Grasslands National Conservation Lands National Monuments National Conservation Areas Wilderness Areas Wilderness Study Areas National Wild and Scenic Rivers National Scenic Trails National Historic Trails Cooperative Management and Protection Areas Forest Reserves Outstanding Natural Areas National Marine Sanctuaries National Recreation Areas National Estuarine Research Reserves National Trails System National Wild and Scenic Rivers System National Wilderness Preservation System National Wildlife Refuge System International protected area designations UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in the USA Every state has a system of state parks.
State parks vary from urban parks to large parks that are on a par with national parks. Some state parks, like Adirondack Park, are similar to the national parks of England and Wales, with numerous towns inside the borders of the park. About half the area of the park, some 3,000,000 acres, is state-owned and preserved as "forever wild" by the Forest Preserve of New York. Wood-Tikchik State Park in Alaska is the largest state park by the amount of contiguous protected land. S. National Parks, with some 1,600,000 acres, making it larger than the state of Delaware. Many states operate game and recreation areas. Lists of state parks in the United States: Alabama, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming List of U.
S. state and tribal wilderness areas Various counties, metropolitan authorities, regional parks, soil conservation districts and other units manage a variety of local level parks. Some of these are little more than picnic playgrounds. South Mountain Park in Phoenix, for example, is called the largest city park in the United States. Protected areas of American Samoa Protected areas of California Protected areas of Colorado Protected areas of Georgia Protected areas of Illinois Protected areas of Kentucky Protected areas of Michigan Protected areas of Ohio National Landscape Conservation System National Park Service National Wild and S
Bluff Point State Park
Bluff Point State Park is a public recreation area and nature preserve on an undeveloped peninsula located between the Poquonnock River and Mumford Cove on Long Island Sound in the town of Groton, Connecticut. The state park's 806 acres encompass a barrier beach, steep cliffs, forested sections, tidal wetlands. Recreational opportunities include hiking, mountain biking, saltwater fishing, shell fishing; the park is managed by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. The Pequot used Bluff Point as a source of seafood before the arrival of European colonists. In 1649, the Town of New London granted John Winthrop the Younger a plot of land that became the plantation called Winthrop's Neck, it included present day Bluff Point State Park, Haley Farm State Park, Poquonnock Bridge, Mumford Cove, Groton Long Point. The property was subsequently divided into Great Farm known as Bluff Point, the Fort Hill Farm; the farm building called Winthrop House was constructed on Bluff Point circa 1712 by Edward Yeomans on land leased from the Winthrop family.
When it burned down in 1962, it left only a chimney standing that would be used to reconstruct the Ebenezer Avery House's chimney after its relocation to Fort Griswold. The foundations of the farmhouse are still visible; the farm's crops included blackberry apple trees which continue to thrive. In the early 20th century, Bluff Point was part of an area known as Poquonnock Farm, leased for potato farming by John Abbott Ackley. In 1892, Walter Denison opened a summer resort on Bushy Point; as interest in camping rose in the 1910s, Bluff Point became a popular destination by the 1920s. Tents and shacks grew into a small community of summer cottages by the 1930s; the owner of the property decided to stop subleasing the property in June 1938, with the termination in October 1 and the removal of the structures by November 1. Leary writes, "efore a legal protest could be mounted, nature adjudicated the issue. On September 21, 1938, a massive hurricane came ashore at high tide. Except for the old Winthrop place, it destroyed nearly every building on the site."
Some 106 homes were lost. Bluff Point was proposed as a state recreation facility as early as 1914; the state acquired the western one-third of Bluff Point from Henry A. Gardiner III in 1963. During that time, the State sought to acquire the land because Bluff Point was the "last remaining significant portion of undeveloped shoreline in Connecticut" and that its "rocky bluffs standing behind narrow beaches typified the Connecticut coast." The Bluff Point Advisory Council, a committee formed of local citizen groups and government representatives petitioned the state to acquire the land and protect it. The Connecticut legislature established Bluff Point as a Coastal Reserve in 1975; the act gave Bluff Point State Park the highest possible protection in the State Park system and serves to protect the high number of endangered and threatened species that are found within the park. According to legend, a boulder on the beach, known as Split Rock split with "the sound of a cannon shot" in January 1780.
Leary notes that it was split by freezing water that expanded in a crack in the rock. Sunset Rock was used by residents of the summer community for religious services. Diverse flora can be found at Bluff Point, owing to an intermingling of habitat areas including salt marshes, coastal woodlands and intertidal grass beds; this array of habitats contributes to the broad range of birds found at the park. Several uncommon species of gulls and landbirds are among the more than 200 species of birds that have been observed throughout Bluff Point. In contrast, terrestrial animals residing in the park are of common species, including deer, coyotes and smaller mammals such as rabbits and opossums. Offshore wildlife includes horseshoe crabs, mussels, snails and a multitude of crustaceans; the park is notable for bird watching. Other activities include picnicking, saltwater fishing, shell fishing, horseback riding, mountain biking. A ramp for car-top boating is available. Fish caught at Bluff Point include striped bass, sea trout and summer flounder.
Bluff Point State Park Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bluff Point State Park & Coastal Reserve Map Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection