Schenectady, New York

Schenectady is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 66,135; the name "Schenectady" is derived from a Mohawk word, skahnéhtati, meaning "beyond the pines". Schenectady was founded on the south side of the Mohawk River by Dutch colonists in the 17th century, many from the Albany area, they were prohibited from the fur trade by the Albany monopoly, which kept its control after the English takeover in 1664. Residents of the new village developed farms on strip plots along the river. Connected to the west via the Mohawk River and Erie Canal, Schenectady developed in the 19th century as part of the Mohawk Valley trade and transportation corridor. By 1824 more people worked in manufacturing than agriculture or trade, the city had a cotton mill, processing cotton from the Deep South. Numerous mills in New York had such ties with the South. Through the 19th century, nationally influential companies and industries developed in Schenectady, including General Electric and American Locomotive Company, which were powers into the mid-20th century.

Schenectady was part of emerging technologies, with GE collaborating in the production of nuclear-powered submarines and, in the 21st century, working on other forms of renewable energy. Schenectady is near the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson rivers, it is in the same metropolitan area as the state capital, about 15 miles southeast. In December 2014, the state announced that the city was one of three sites selected for development of off-reservation casino gambling, under terms of a 2013 state constitutional amendment; the project would redevelop an ALCO brownfield site in the city along the waterfront, with hotels, housing and a marina in addition to the casino. When first encountered by Europeans, the Mohawk Valley was the territory of the Mohawk nation, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, they had occupied territory in the region since at least 1100 AD. Starting in the early 1600s the Mohawk moved their settlements closer to the river and by 1629, they had taken over territories on the west bank of the Hudson River that were held by the Algonquian-speaking Mahican people.

In the 1640s, the Mohawk had all on the south side of the Mohawk River. The easternmost one was Ossernenon, located about 9 miles west of New York; when Dutch settlers developed Fort Orange in the Hudson Valley beginning in 1614, the Mohawk called their settlement skahnéhtati, meaning "beyond the pines," referring to a large area of pine barrens that lay between the Mohawk settlements and the Hudson River. About 3200 acres of this unique ecosystem are now protected as the Albany Pine Bush; this word entered the lexicon of the Dutch settlers. The settlers in Fort Orange used skahnéhtati to refer to the new village at the Mohawk flats, which became known as Schenectady. In 1661, Arendt van Corlaer, a Dutch immigrant, bought a large piece of land on the south side of the Mohawk River. Other colonists were given grants of land by the colonial government in this portion of the flat fertile river valley, as part of New Netherland; the settlers recognized that these bottomlands had been cultivated for maize by the Mohawk for centuries.

Van Curler took the largest piece of land. As most early colonists were from the Fort Orange area, they may have anticipated working as fur traders, but the Beverwijck traders kept a monopoly of legal control; the settlers here turned to farming. Their 50-acre lots were unique for the colony, "laid out in strips along the Mohawk River", with the narrow edges fronting the river, as in French colonial style, they relied on rearing wheat. The proprietors and their descendants controlled all the land of the town for generations acting as government until after the Revolutionary War, when representative government was established. From the early days of interaction, early Dutch traders in the valley had unions with Mohawk women, if not always official marriages, their children were raised within the Mohawk community, which had a matrilineal kinship system, considering children born into the mother's clan. Within Mohawk society, biological fathers played minor roles; some mixed-race descendants, such as Jacques Cornelissen Van Slyck and his sister Hilletie van Olinda, who were of Dutch and Mohawk ancestry, became interpreters and intermarried with Dutch colonists.

They gained land in the Schenectady settlement. They were among the few métis who seemed to move from Mohawk to Dutch society, as they were described as "former Indians", although they did not always have an easy time of it. In 1661 Jacques inherited what became known as Van Slyck's Island from his brother Marten, given it by the Mohawk. Van Slyck family descendants retained ownership through the 19th century; because of labor shortages in the colony, some Dutch settlers brought African slaves to the region. In Schenectady, they used them as farm laborers; the English imported slaves and continued with agriculture in the river valley. Traders in Albany kept control of the fur trade after the takeover by


Vadugam is a panchayat village in Namakkal district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is 32 km from Salem, 333 km southwest of Chennai, 242 km south of Bangalore and 118 km northwest of Tiruchirapalli. Mr. M. Balan,B. Sc. is the current Panchayat President of Vadugam. The temperature ranges from 20 to 44 degrees Celsius throughout the year; the main tourist and picnic spot of the Vadugam is the Perumpaalli Falls which has water falling from the height of about 100 feet at three different stages, located 8 km from Rasipuram, There is a variety of temples are situated around the Village. Mariamman is an incarnation of Shakti; every year around April the village celebrates Mariamman festival for a fortnight. During this festival, Goddess Mariamman is decorated with jewellery and flower chariots and taken around the village at midnight; this festival is celebrated for a week. Goddess Thandumariamman, Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Goddess Kaliamman,Lord Karuppusamy temples are some of the temples in the village.

Government Higher Secondary School - Vadugam, Rassie Vidya Mandir Primary and Nursery School - Vadugam, The village has get several other colleges located in it. Muthayammal Institutions, Gnanmani Institutions,Paavai Institutions,Thiruvalluvar Govt. Arts College, Mahendra Institutions, AMS Engineering college, Dr. Hanemann Homeopathy medical college to name a few are the colleges found here; the village is situated 10 km from Rasipuram with several buses round the clock. Buses are found to Salem, Nammakal and villages around here. Near by railway junction is Rasipuram; as of 2001 India census, Rasipuram had a population of 46,370. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rasipuram has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, female literacy is 66%. In Rasipuram, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age

Tin Vodopivec

Tin Vodopivec is a stand up comedian from Slovenia, notable as the co-founder of Ljubljana’s first stand-up comedy festival Punch. He made his international debut in February 2010 at the Leicester Comedy Festival, his observational humour is based on everyday life. Tin graduated from law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ljubljana, he has been one of the pioneers of the new style of comedy, at the time unknown in Slovenia. He had in two years more than 100 live performances, as well as an appearance on a Sunday afternoon family show on Slovene national RTV Slovenia television. In August 2008, he organized the first Punch festival, sold out all three nights. In May 2008 he won the first Slovene comedy competition called Last comic standing and was announced as one of Slovene’s top comedians by Stop magazine, he was invited to all the Slovenian festivals, including Lent festival, Trnfest, ŠpasFest, Bujta Repa and the Slovene film festival. In September 2007, he was the first comedian to perform on a TV night show hosted by a controversial transvestite Marlenna, where he was re-invited in December 2007.

He performed as an opening act for the sold out concert of Latin singer Julio Iglesias. He worked as a producer, actor and co-writer of the talk show Gofla, a part of marketing campaign for the Slovene's largest mobile operator, he was the face for the Telekom marketing campaign for the number 1188. In the service of Stand up comedy, Mladina, 2008. Interview on Siol Official website "Tin's Blog" "Official Komikaze home page" "Youtube Tin Vodopivec at Buchanologija stand - up festival"