Wülflingen Castle is a castle in the city of Winterthur and the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance; the Gottfried Keller Foundation aims the acquisition of major works from Switzerland and abroad, to entrust them as loans to Swiss museums or to return them to their original locations, such as the interior of Schloss Wülflingen. The collection comprises more than 8,500 paintings and other art objects in around 110 museums locations in Switzerland. Media related to Schloss Wülflingen at Wikimedia Commons
Hohenlandenberg Castle is a castle in the municipality of Wila and the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. List of castles in Switzerland Media related to Ruine Hohenlandenberg at Wikimedia Commons
The Albis is a chain of hills in the Canton of Zürich, stretching for some 19 km from Sihlbrugg in the south to Waldegg near Zürich in the north. The chain forms, among others, the border between the Horgen districts; the best known point is Uetliberg at 870 m. Other points of interest include the Albishorn the Bürglen, the Schnabelburg, an observation tower, the Albis Pass, the small town of Buechenegg, the extensive woods on both sides of the river Sihl; the Sihl Valley borders the Albis chain on its entire east side. On the west side, the Albis is bordered by one lake, the Türlersee; the chain is wooded, but has extensive fields reaching to the summit, some cultivated, some used as pastures for cows or sheep. Being near Zürich, the area is visited near its northern end, includes a large number of restaurants along the summit, well-maintained trails and dirt roads, a railroad from Zürich, a cable car from Adliswil to Felsenegg; the Albis chain was formed as the left moraine of the glacier the bed of, now Lake Zürich.
The soil is a conglomerate of gravel, some of it large, glacial loess. The steep sides of the chain are subject to small landslides; as a generalization, the eastern side of the chain tends to be steeper than the western side. The hilltops of the Albis provided several good defensive sites, were the locations of the castles of Uetliberg and Schnabelburg, all of which are now ruined or lost
Greifensee Castle is a castle in the municipality of Greifensee and the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. It was built by the House of Rapperswil and is a Swiss heritage site of national significance. List of castles in Switzerland Media related to Schloss Greifensee at Wikimedia Commons
Albert I of Germany
Albert I of Habsburg, the eldest son of King Rudolf I of Germany and his first wife Gertrude of Hohenberg, was a Duke of Austria and Styria from 1282 and King of Germany from 1298 until his assassination. From 1273 Albert ruled as a landgrave over his father's Swabian possessions in Alsace. In 1282 his father, the first German monarch from the House of Habsburg, invested him and his younger brother Rudolf II with the duchies of Austria and Styria, which he had seized from late King Ottokar II of Bohemia and defended in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld. By the 1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden his father entrusted Albert with their sole government, while Rudolf II ought to be compensated by the Further Austrian Habsburg home territories – which, never happened until his death in 1290. Albert and his Swabian ministeriales appear to have ruled the Austrian and Styrian duchies with conspicuous success, overcoming the resistance by local nobles. King Rudolf I was unable to secure the succession to the German throne for his son due to the objections raised by Ottokar's son King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia, the plans to install Albert as successor of the assassinated King Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1290 failed.
Upon Rudolf's death in 1291, the Prince-electors, fearing Albert's power and the implementation of a hereditary monarchy, chose Count Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg as King of the Romans. An uprising among his Styrian dependents compelled Albert to recognize the sovereignty of his rival and to confine himself for a time to the government of the Habsburg lands at Vienna, he did not abandon his hopes of the throne, which were realised: In 1298, he was chosen German king by some of the princes, who were bothered about Adolf's attempts to gain his own power basis in the lands of Thuringia and Meissen, again led by the Bohemian king Wenceslaus II. The armies of the rival kings met at the Battle of Göllheim near Worms, where Adolf was defeated and slain. Submitting to a new election but securing the support of several influential princes by making extensive promises, he was chosen at the Imperial City of Frankfurt on 27 July 1298, crowned at Aachen Cathedral on 24 August. Although a hard, stern man, Albert had a keen sense of justice when his own interests were not involved, few of the German kings possessed so practical an intelligence.
He encouraged the cities, not content with issuing proclamations against private war, formed alliances with the princes in order to enforce his decrees. The serfs, whose wrongs attracted notice in an age indifferent to the claims of common humanity, found a friend in this severe monarch, he protected the despised and persecuted Jews. Stories of his cruelty and oppression in the Swiss cantons did not appear until the 16th century, are now regarded as legendary. Albert sought to play an important part in European affairs, he seemed at first inclined to press a quarrel with the Kingdom of France over the Burgundian frontier, but the refusal of Pope Boniface VIII to recognize his election led him to change his policy, and, in 1299, he made a treaty with King Philip IV, by which his son Rudolph was to marry Blanche, a daughter of the French king. He afterwards became estranged from Philip, but in 1303, Boniface recognized him as German king and future emperor. Albert had failed in his attempt to seize the counties of Holland and Zeeland, as vacant fiefs of the Holy Roman Empire, on the death of Count John I in 1299, but in 1306 he secured the crown of Bohemia for his son Rudolph III on the death of King Wenceslaus III.
He renewed the claim made by his predecessor, Adolf, on Thuringia, interfered in a quarrel over the succession to the Hungarian throne. The Thuringian attack ended in Albert's defeat at the Battle of Lucka in 1307 and, in the same year, the death of his son Rudolph weakened his position in eastern Europe, his action in abolishing all tolls established on the Rhine since 1250, led the Rhenish prince-archbishops and the Elector of the Palatinate to form a league against him. Aided by the Imperial cities, however, he soon crushed the rising, he was on the way to suppress a revolt in Swabia when he was murdered on 1 May 1308, at Windisch on the Reuss River, by his nephew Duke John, afterwards called "the Parricide" or "John Parricida", whom he had deprived of his inheritance. Albert, by the grace of God, King of the Romans, Duke of Austria and Styria, Lord of Carniola, over the Wendish Mark and of Port Naon, Count of Habsburg and Kyburg, Landgrave of Alsace In 1274 Albert had married Elizabeth, daughter of Count Meinhard II of Tyrol, a descendant of the Babenberg margraves of Austria who predated the Habsburgs' rule.
The baptismal name Leopold, patron saint margrave of Austria, was given to one of their sons. Queen Elizabeth was in fact better connected to mighty German rulers than her husband: she was a descendant of earlier German kings, for example Emperor Henry IV, she was a niece of the Wittelsbach dukes of Bavaria, Austria's important neighbor. Albert and his wife had twelve children: Rudolph III, Married but line extinct and predeceased his father. Frederick I. Married but line extinct. Leopold I. Married, had issue. Albert II. Henry the Gentle. Married but line extinct. Meinhard, 1300 died young. Otto. Married but line extinct. Anna (12
Alt-Bichelsee Castle is a ruined castle in the Swiss Canton of Thurgau in the municipality of Bichelsee-Balterswil. List of castles in Switzerland