Daniel Schneidermann is a French journalist, born in Paris on April 5, 1958, who focuses on the analysis of televised media. He is active in weekly columns—in the past in Le Monde and presently in Libération and on a video channel: Arrêt sur images broadcast by the public TV channel France 5, but financed by subscription; the television show was canceled in 2007 by France 5 direction, an incident that led to the creation of the Arret Sur Images web site. After his studies at the Centre de formation des journalistes, Daniel Schneidermann joined the newspaper Le Monde in 1981, where he was made a foreign correspondent in 1983. In 1992, he began writing daily columns on television for Le Monde, critiquing the way in which TV presents information and influences viewers, continuing the tradition of television criticism begun thirty years earlier by writers like François Mauriac or Morvan Lebesque In 1995, the success of his written columns allowed him to create a weekly program on France 5 called "Arrêt sur images", which he both produced and moderated.
The journalist Pascale Clark anchored the show with him during the first year. The objective of Arrêt sur images is to "decode" television's images and talk, with the help of diverse columnists and journalists, to analyze the sources and the effectiveness of the narrative use of media; the program tries to use the Internet for the purposes of self-criticism. Each month, an internet "forum-master,", responsible for following the viewer debates in the internet forum for Arrêt sur images, comes on the show to question Daniel Schneidermann about remarks submitted by the contributors to the site. Schneidermann wrote weekly columns for Le Monde until October 2003, when he was fired, after the publication of his book The Media Nightmare, in which he deplored the fact that the management of Le Monde had not responded to criticism directed at them by the authors of the book The Dark Side of Le Monde. In his last column, he related how disappointed and surprised he was by the sanctions of a paper, which vaunts its transparency.
He became a media columnist for the daily newspaper Libération, whose publisher, Serge July, he had derided in 1989 in his book Where are the cameras?. Schneidermann shows an equal interest in analysis of the internet as a source of data, notably in regard to the development of blogs, of the Wikipedia website. In 2006, for example, he stated that he considered the development of anonymous biographers and encyclopedists a terrifying prospect; as a media critic, Schneidermann has become the target of criticism, either directed at himself or at his show, Freeze-Frame. A January 20, 1996 Freeze-Frame episode focused on criticism by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, invited to join journalists Jean-Marie Cavada and Guillaume Durand. Bourdieu believed that the show had not allowed him to express himself and confirmed his original idea that "television can’t be criticized on television. In 1996, Bourdieu published the book "On Television", while Schneidermann, in 1999, brought out "About Journalism After Bourdieu" The film Enfin pris?, directed by the journalist Pierre Carles, who worked with Schneidermann for a short period, features Schneidermann as its protagonist, a character Carles seems to suspect of partiality and denial.
The movie is based on scenes from the episode with Pierre Bourdieu, refers to the fact that, at a time, the CEO of Vivendi Universal, Jean-Marie Messier was invited to a "Freeze-Frame" show, by himself, where Schneidermann challenged Bourdieu to appear on the program in debate format. Besides the controversy surrounding the book The Dark Side of Le Monde by Pierre Péan and Philippe Cohen, Daniel Schneidermann criticized, in his own book The Media Nightmare the reaction of the management of the daily paper, stating that they did not respond to the arguments presented in the book; the directors of Le Monde fired him in October 2003 on the grounds of "legitimate and serious cause": according to the paper, a passage in Schneidermann's book was "detrimental to organization for which he works." The journalist took the paper to labor arbitration in Paris, which decided in his favor in May 2005. Le Monde has appealed this decision. On the other hand, in 2003 Schneidermann himself fired a freelance employee of Arrêt sur images and a moderator of the Internet forum, whom he accused of behavior contrary to the principles of the program.
This dismissal was condemned by the courts on May 20, 2005 as abusive because it did not have sufficient cause. On the subject of media frenzy: "In the maelstrom, all the protagonists get confused, those who speak and those who listen and readers, witnesses and participants, all spread the same message; the surging river doesn't let anyone get to the shore." Tout va très bien, monsieur le ministre, Belfond, 1987, ISBN 2-7144-2069-9. Où sont les caméras?, Belfond, 1989, ISBN 2-7144-2308-6. Un certain Monsieur Paul, l'affaire Touvier, Fayard, 1989, ISBN 2-213-59248-9. Les Juges parlent, Fayar
A Nassi–Shneiderman diagram in computer programming is a graphical design representation for structured programming. This type of diagram was developed in 1972 by Isaac Nassi and Ben Shneiderman who were both graduate students at SUNY-Stony Brook; these diagrams are called structograms, as they show a program's structures. Following a top-down design, the problem at hand is reduced into smaller and smaller subproblems, until only simple statements and control flow constructs remain. Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams reflect this top-down decomposition in a straightforward way, using nested boxes to represent subproblems. Consistent with the philosophy of structured programming, Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams have no representation for a GOTO statement. Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams are only used for formal programming, their abstraction level is close to structured program code and modifications require the whole diagram to be redrawn. Nonetheless, they can be useful for sketching high-level designs. Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams are isomorphic with flowcharts.
Everything that can be represented with a Nassi–Shneiderman diagram can be represented with a flowchart. For flowcharts of programs everything that can be represent with a flowchart can be represented with a Nassi–Shneiderman diagram; the exceptions are constructs like goto and the C programming language break and continue statements for loops. In Germany, Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams were standardised in 1985 as DIN 66261, they are still used in German introductions to programming, for example Böttcher and Kneißl's introduction to C, Baeumle-Courth and Schmidt's introduction to C and Kirch's introduction to C#. Nassi–Shneiderman diagrams can be used in technical writing. Process blocks: the process block represents the simplest of steps and requires no analysis; when a process block is encountered the action inside the block is performed and we move onto the next block. Branching blocks: there are two types of branching blocks. First is the simple True/False or Yes/No branching block which offers the program two paths to take depending on whether or not a condition has been fulfilled.
These blocks can be used as a looping procedure stopping the program from continuing until a condition has been fulfilled. The second type of branching block is a multiple branching block; this block is used. The block contains a question or select case; the block provides the program with an array of choices and is used in conjunction with sub process blocks to save space. Testing loops: this block allows the program to loop one or a set of processes until a particular condition is fulfilled; the process blocks covered by each loop are subset with a side-bar extending out from the condition. There test first and test last blocks; the only difference between the two is the order. In the test first situation, when the program encounters the block it tests to see if the condition is fulfilled if it is not completes the process blocks and loops back; the test is performed again and, if the condition is still unfulfilled, it processes again. If at any stage the condition is fulfilled the program skips the process blocks and continues onto the next block.
The test last block is reversed, the process blocks are completed before the test is performed. The test last loop allows for the process blocks to be performed at least once before the first test. Concurrent execution can be drawn like this: Drakon-chart Flowchart Pseudocode Nassi, I.. A short history of structured flowcharts, by Ben Shneiderman, draft, 27 May 2003. Nicholas Hebb: "How to Create a Nassi-Shneiderman Diagram in Excel". Jülich Supercomputing Centre: "Generation of Nassi-Shneiderman Diagrams under Unix with nassi", 30 October 2012. Yoder, Cornelia M. Proceedings, ACM SIGSOFT/BIGMETRICS Software and Assurance Workshop, November 1978
Eric Tradd Schneiderman is an American lawyer and politician who served as the 65th Attorney General of New York from 2011 until his resignation in May 2018. Schneiderman, a member of the Democratic Party served for ten years in the New York State Senate. In May 2018, Schneiderman resigned his position as Attorney General after The New Yorker reported that four women––including three former romantic partners––had accused him of sexual and physical abuse. Schneiderman was born to a Jewish family in New York City, the son of Abigail Heyward and Irwin Schneiderman, a lawyer, he graduated from the Trinity School in New York City in 1972 and Amherst College in 1977. He received his J. D. degree from Harvard Law School in 1982. Schneiderman served as a judicial clerk for two years within the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and subsequently joined the international law firm Kirkpatrick and Lockhart LLP, where he became a partner. Schneiderman married Jennifer Cunningham in 1990.
They divorced in 1996. They have Catherine. Schneiderman was elected to represent the 31st district in the New York State Senate. At the time, this district comprised Manhattan's Upper West Side, as well as Morningside Heights, West Harlem, Washington Heights and Marble Hill, in addition to part of Riverdale, The Bronx. In the 1998 Democratic primary, defeated Daniel O'Donnell, a civil rights attorney, with 68% of the vote. In the general election, he defeated Vincent McGowen with 82% of the vote, he won re-election in 2000, in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008. Schneiderman was the chief sponsor of the Rockefeller Drug Law reforms, which were passed and signed into law in 2009; the reforms included reducing reliance on long, mandatory minimum sentences, allocating funds for alternatives to incarceration, focusing on treatment and reentry of prisoners into society. His other legislative activities include passing ethics reforms to root out fraud against taxpayers. Schneiderman was the Democratic Party nominee for New York Attorney General.
He denied being involved in a hit-and-run automobile accident in July 2010. He defeated Nassau County District Attorney Kathleen Rice and three other candidates in the Democratic primary on September 14, 2010. Schneiderman defeated Republican nominee and Richmond County District Attorney Dan Donovan in the general election and took office on January 1, 2011. Schneiderman won re-election in 2014, his major opponent was Republican John P. Cahill, an environmental conservation commissioner for the state. In his first weeks in office, Schneiderman launched a plan to root out fraud and return money illegally stolen from New York taxpayers at no additional cost to the state; this initiative includes a new "Taxpayer Protection Unit" designed to go after corruption in state contracts, pension fund rip-offs, large-scale tax cheats. Schneiderman has bolstered the Attorney General’s Medicaid Fraud Control Unit by cracking down on fraud in the Medicaid program. Schneiderman was instrumental in pushing for a tougher fraud settlement with large banks over illegal foreclosure practices.
Along with California Attorney General Kamala Harris, Schneiderman pushed to prevent the settlement from including immunity for the banks from further investigation and prosecution of other related illegal activities. New York, uniquely among the fifty states, did not sanction mixed martial arts under a 1997 state law; this prompted Zuffa, LLC to sue in federal court in 2015, challenging the constitutionality of the law and naming Schneiderman and Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance Jr. as defendants. The following year, the New York State Legislature enacted a law legalizing MMA in the state. In August 2013, Schneiderman filed a $40 million civil lawsuit against Donald Trump for his "Trump University", alleging it to be an "unlicensed university" and calling it a "bait-and-switch scheme". Trump denied all accusations, calling Schneiderman a "political hack". In October 2014, a New York judge found Trump liable for the institution's not having the required license. In September 2013, Schneiderman announced a settlement with 19 companies to prevent astroturfing.
"'Astroturfing' is the 21st century's version of false advertising, prosecutors have many tools at their disposal to put an end to it," according to Schneiderman. The companies paid $350,000 to settle the matter, but the settlement opened the way for private suits as well. "Every state has some version of the statutes," according to lawyer Kelly H. Kolb. “What the New York attorney general has done is to have given private lawyers a road map to file suit.”In November 2015, Schneiderman issued cease-and-desist letters to daily fantasy sports companies DraftKings and FanDuel, accusing the companies of operating a gambling enterprise, illegal under New York law. This sparked a six-month-long legal battle. Schneiderman reached a settlement with the companies in March 2016, under which DraftKings and FanDuel agreed to stop operating in New York until September 2016 and Schneiderman agreed to drop all of the state's suits against DraftKings and FanDuel—except for a false advertising claim against FanDuel—if the New York State Legislature passed legislation legalizing daily fantasy sports by the adjournment of the session.
In its first year in office, the Trump administration sought to scrap numerous Obama-era environmental regulations which President Donald Trump had referred to as an impediment to business. Saying, "Over and over again, the Trump administration has put the profits of multinat
Yiddish is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews. It originated during the 9th century in Central Europe, providing the nascent Ashkenazi community with a High German-based vernacular fused with elements taken from Hebrew and Aramaic as well as from Slavic languages and traces of Romance languages. Yiddish is written with a vocalized version of the Hebrew alphabet; the earliest surviving references date from the 12th century and call the language לשון־אַשכּנז or טײַטש, a variant of tiutsch, the contemporary name for Middle High German. Colloquially, the language is sometimes called מאַמע־לשון, distinguishing it from לשון־קודש, meaning Hebrew and Aramaic; the term "Yiddish", short for Yidish Taitsh, did not become the most used designation in the literature until the 18th century. In the late 19th and into the 20th century the language was more called "Jewish" in non-Jewish contexts, but "Yiddish" is again the more common designation today. Modern Yiddish has two major forms. Eastern Yiddish is far more common today.
It includes Southeastern and Northeastern dialects. Eastern Yiddish differs from Western both by its far greater size and by the extensive inclusion of words of Slavic origin. Western Yiddish is divided into Southwestern and Northwestern dialects. Yiddish is used in a number of Haredi Jewish communities worldwide; the term "Yiddish" is used in the adjectival sense, synonymously with "Jewish", to designate attributes of Yiddishkeit. Prior to the Holocaust, there were 11–13 million speakers of Yiddish among 17 million Jews worldwide. 85% of the 6 million Jews who died in the Holocaust were Yiddish speakers, leading to a massive decline in the use of the language. Assimilation following World War II and aliyah, immigration to Israel, further decreased the use of Yiddish both among survivors and among Yiddish-speakers from other countries. However, the number of speakers is increasing in Hasidic communities; the established view is that, as with other Jewish languages, Jews speaking distinct languages learned new co-territorial vernaculars, which they Judaized.
In the case of Yiddish, this scenario sees it as emerging when speakers of Zarphatic and other Judeo-Romance languages began to acquire varieties of Middle High German, from these groups the Ashkenazi community took shape. What German base lies behind the earliest form of Yiddish is disputed. In Max Weinreich's model, Jewish speakers of Old French or Old Italian who were literate in either liturgical Hebrew or Aramaic, or both, migrated through Southern Europe to settle in the Rhine Valley in an area known as Lotharingia extending over parts of Germany and France. Both Weinreich and Solomon Birnbaum developed this model further in the mid-1950s. In Weinreich's view, this Old Yiddish substrate bifurcated into two distinct versions of the language and Eastern Yiddish, they retained the Semitic vocabulary and constructions needed for religious purposes and created a Judeo-German form of speech, sometimes not accepted as a autonomous language. Linguistic research has finessed the Weinreich model or provided alternative approaches to the language's origins, with points of contention being the characterization of its Germanic base, the source of its Hebrew/Aramaic adstrata, the means and location of this fusion.
Some theorists argue. The two main candidates for the germinal matrix of Yiddish, the Rhineland and Bavaria, are not incompatible. There may have been parallel developments in the two regions, seeding the Western and Eastern dialects of Modern Yiddish. Dovid Katz proposes that Yiddish emerged from contact between speakers of High German and Aramaic-speaking Jews from the Middle East; the lines of development proposed by the different theories do not rule out the others. In more recent work, Wexler has argued that Eastern Yiddish is unrelated genetically to Western Yiddish. Wexler's model has met with little academic support, strong critical challenges among historical linguists. By the 10th century, a distinctive Jewish culture had formed in Central Europe which came to be called אַשכּנזי Ashkenazi, "Ashkenazi Jews, from Hebrew: אַשכּנז Ashkenaz, the medieval Hebrew name for northern Europe and Germany. Ashkenaz was centered on the Rhineland and the Palatinate, in what is now the westernmost part of Germany.
Its geographic extent did not
A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Davis Schneiderman is an American writer and higher-education administrator. He is a professor of English and Krebs Provost and Dean of the Faculty at Lake Forest College in Illinois. Prior to that appointment, he served as Associate Dean of the Faculty for Innovation. Schneiderman earned a B. A. from the Pennsylvania State University, an M. A. and Ph. D. from Binghamton University. In 2001 he became a professor of English at Lake Forest College, was Associate Dean of the Faculty from 2013-2018, he served as Director of the Center for Chicago Programs, Lake Forest College In The Loop and Forest College Press / &NOW Books. He serves as a national board member of the &NOW organization that has partnered with the University of Paris, UCSD, the University of Colorado at Boulder, CalArts, among others. Schneiderman as edited the anthology, The &NOW AWARDS: The Best Innovative Writing. Schneiderman is former chair of English Department, American Studies Program, is Director of Digital Chicago, a four-year grant funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Schneiderman directed an early digital humanities project, the NEH-funded Virtual Burnham Initiative, a project to create 3-D models of the 1909 Plan of Chicago. A popular community lecturer, Schneiderman live interviews the authors of the Lake Forest Reads: Ragdale one-book program in Lake Forest, IL; the Highland Park Public Library in Highland Park, IL, has named the Schneiderman-led discussion series "Discussions with Davis." He lives in Highland Park, IL with the actor Kelly Haramis, their two daughters. Schneiderman is the editor of 10 books; as a creative writer, his recent novels include the DEAD/BOOKS trilogy, including the blank novel BLANK, the plagiarized novel and the ink-smeared novel INK.. Schneiderman edited wrote the introduction for the last novel from WWII survivor Raymond Federman. Schneiderman’s work has appeared in numerous publications including Fiction International, Harpers.org, The Chicago Tribune, The Iowa Review, TriQuarterly, Exquisite Corpse. Writing about his novel Drain, reviewer Renée E. D'Aoust praised the way Schneiderman "conjures images within images" and called the book "creepy and bloody effective".
Writing about Schneiderman's work, critic Edward S. Robinson notes that Schneiderman's "novels are imbued with theoretical complexity and a keen self-awareness, but without being smugly in your face with self-reflexivity.... His writing indisputably engages with contemporary discourse and is designed to provoke thought and debate."Schneiderman's work has garnered notice for its unusual packaging, as well as for its writing. He bound his first book Multifesto in sandpaper to purposely damage the books next to it. Another of his books was encased in plaster. BLANK had collage musical tracks provided by aka dj spooky; the remix edition of his debut novel Multifesto 20086 and republished in 2013, contained remixes from the author Roxane Gay, Matt Bell, Kathleen Rooney, among others. As a scholar, Schneiderman is a recognized expert on the work of William S. Burroughs, his co-edited collection Retaking the Universe: William S. Burroughs in the Age of Globalization was republished on its tenth anniversary at Realitystudio.com, the leading Burroughs website.
Schneiderman has written extensively about innovative literature, the Surrealist Exquisite Corpse, copyright and collage and remix culture. As a journalist and essayist, Schneiderman has interviewed John Waters, Temple Grandin, Edward Snowden’s ACLU lawyer Ben Wizner, Sherry Turkle, David Shields, Aleksandar Hemon, about his work as a writer for the Netflix series Sense8, among others; as Director of Lake Forest College Press, Schneiderman has published books on transportation and architectural issues including Beyond Burnham: An Illustrated History of Planning for the Chicago Region and Terminal Town: An Illustrated Guide to Chicago's Airports, Bus Depots, Train Stations, Steamship Landings, 1939 - Present. Schneiderman and the author of these works, Joseph P. Schwieterman of DePaul University's Chaddick Institute for Metropolitan Development, collaborated through the Digital Chicago grant on Windy City in Motion, an exhibit at Chicago's Union Station. Schneiderman has directed several digital humanities projects.
These include the six-campus Exquisite Corpse project, funded by the Midwest Instructional Technology Center among Lake Forest College, Kenyon College, DePauw University, Monmouth College, Oberlin College, Colorado College. This first was a planning grant among Lake Forest College, Knox College, Beloit College for a collaboration among English Departments, the four-year $800,000 Digital Chicago: Unearthing History and Culture project. Digital Chicago involves "students and faculty in exploring specific at-risk or forgotten sites in Chicago’s history, through urban archeological digs, innovative digital humanities projects, complementary coursework in a wide array of disciplines, including English, Art and others."As a multimedia artist, Schneiderman creates audio and performance works as part of The Muttering Sickness collective, recent works include "Modern Business Machines" a collaboration with actor and director Regina Taylor a
Rose Schneiderman was a Polish-born American socialist and feminist, one of the most prominent female labor union leaders. As a member of the New York Women's Trade Union League, she drew attention to unsafe workplace conditions, following the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire of 1911, as a suffragist she helped to pass the New York state referendum of 1917 that gave women the right to vote. Schneiderman was a founding member of the American Civil Liberties Union and served on the National Recovery Administration's Labor Advisory Board under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, she is credited with coining the phrase "Bread and Roses," to indicate a worker's right to something higher than subsistence living. Rose Schneiderman was born Rachel Schneiderman on April 6, 1882, the first of four children of a religious Jewish family, in the village of Sawin, 14 kilometres north of Chełm in Russian Poland, her parents and Deborah Schneiderman, worked in the sewing trades. Schneiderman first went to Hebrew school reserved for boys, in Sawin, to a Russian public school in Chełm.
In 1890 the family migrated to New York City's Lower East Side. Schneiderman's father died in the winter of 1892, her mother worked as a seamstress, trying to keep the family together, but the financial strain forced her to put her children in a Jewish orphanage for some time. Schneiderman left school in 1895 after the sixth grade, although she would have liked to continue her education, she went to work, starting as a cashier in a department store and in 1898 as a lining stitcher in a cap factory in the Lower East Side. In 1902 she and the rest of her family moved to Montreal, where she developed an interest in both radical politics and trade unionism, she returned to New York in 1903 and, with a partner worker, started organizing the women in her factory. When they applied for a charter to the United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers Union, the union told them to come back after they had succeeded in organizing twenty-five women, they did that within days and the union chartered its first women's local.
Schneiderman obtained wider recognition during a citywide capmakers' strike in 1905. Elected secretary of her local and a delegate to the New York City Central Labor Union, she came into contact with the New York Women's Trade Union League, an organization that lent moral and financial support to the organizing efforts of women workers, she became one of the most prominent members and was elected the New York branch's vice president in 1908. She left the factory to work for the league, attending school with a stipend provided by one of the League's wealthy supporters, she was an active participant in the Uprising of the 20,000, the massive strike of shirtwaist workers in New York City led by the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union in 1909. She was a key member of the first International Congress of Working Women of 1919, which aimed to address women's working conditions at the first annual International Labour Organization Convention; the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911, in which 146 garment workers were burned alive or died jumping from the ninth floor of a factory building, dramatized the conditions that Schneiderman, the WTUL and the union movement were fighting.
The WTUL had documented similar unsafe conditions – factories without fire escapes or that had locked the exit doors to keep workers from stealing materials – at dozens of sweatshops in New York City and surrounding communities. Schneiderman expressed her anger at the memorial meeting held in the Metropolitan Opera House on April 2, 1911, to an audience made up of the well-heeled members of the WTUL: I would be a traitor to these poor burned bodies if I came here to talk good fellowship. We have tried you good people of the public and we have found you wanting; the old Inquisition had its instruments of torture with iron teeth. We know; this is not the first time. Every week I must learn of the untimely death of one of my sister workers; every year thousands of us are maimed. The life of men and women is so cheap and property is so sacred. There are so many of us for one job. We have tried you citizens, but every time the workers come out in the only way they know to protest against conditions which are unbearable the strong hand of the law is allowed to press down upon us.
Public officials have only words of warning to us – warning that we must be intensely orderly and must be intensely peaceable, they have the workhouse just back of all their warnings. The strong hand of the law beats us back, when we rise, into the conditions that make life unbearable. I can't talk fellowship to you. Too much blood has been spilled. I know from my experience to save themselves; the only way they can save themselves is by a strong working-class movement. Despite her harsh words, Schneiderman continued working in the WTUL as an organizer, returning to it after a frustrating year on the staff of the male-dominated ILGWU, she subsequently became president of its New York branch its national president for more than twenty