Degrassi Junior High
Degrassi Junior High is a Canadian television series, the second series in the Degrassi franchise. The program aired on CBC Television from 1987 to 1989; the teen drama followed the lives of a group of students attending the titular fictional school. Many episodes tackled difficult topics such as bullying, drug use, child abuse, teenage pregnancy, homophobia and divorce, the series was acclaimed for its sensitive and realistic portrayal of the challenges of teenage life; the cast comprised non-professional actors, which added to the show's sense of realism. The series featured many of the same actors who had starred on The Kids of Degrassi Street a few years earlier, including Stacie Mistysyn, Neil Hope, Anais Granofsky, Sarah Charlesworth and others. However, their character names and family situations had been changed, so Degrassi Junior High cannot, therefore, be considered a direct spinoff; the legal counsel for all the episodes was Stephen Stohn who became the executive producer of Degrassi: The Next Generation.
The series was filmed at the unused Vincent Massey Public School in Ontario. In 1987, Degrassi Junior High won an International Emmy in the Children and Young People category for the episode "It's Late", where Christine "Spike" Nelson gets pregnant at Lucy's party after having sex with Shane. Spike's baby was named Emma, to commemorate the award, Emma would end up being the inspiration for the spin-off series, Degrassi: The Next Generation. In the United States, the Public Broadcasting Service began airing the series in September 1987; the program was distributed through PBS member station WGBH-TV in Boston. All three seasons were broadcast with episodes containing filler scenes added to replace the commercial breaks from the original Canadian airings; these episodes were screened by cable channels Showtime in the mid-1990s and The N in the mid-2000s. In the United Kingdom, the BBC only screened the first season of the show, only nine out of the thirteen episodes were shown during CBBC; the episodes "Rumour Has It", "The Best Laid Plans" and "It's Late" were withheld, but shown as part of the teenage strand DEF II.
The episode "Parents' Night", which dealt with adoption, may not have been shown by the BBC at all. From its first day of broadcasting in 1992, UK Gold screened Degrassi Junior High daily; the channel screened Degrassi High in its entirety. The program was broadcast in Australia on ABC TV; the program was broadcast in France under the title "Les années collège". The producers of the show deliberately tried to exclude any references to actual movies and music of the time so that the show would not become dated; this resulted in the creation of television shows and musicians for the show itself. Some examples of made up movies are Tender Beats the Heart and Teen Academy IV. Days of Passion is a fictional soap opera. Quest for the Best is the only other television show in the Degrassi universe, based on an actual Canadian high school quiz show called Reach for the Top. Fictional bands in the show are The Gourmet Scum, The Savages. Though the most popular of the fictional bands created in the show was "Zit Remedy", or rechristened, "The Zits".
In the episode It's Late, Wheels can be seen wearing a Footscray Bulldogs sweater. What is unusual is that the sport, Australian rules football and its organization, the VFL, at the time would have been unknown in Canada. Although the VFL staged several exhibition matches that year, the Bulldogs were not involved and were the least successful and supported teams in the league; the Australian Football League had a cult following in Canada in the 1980s, as the games were televised on The Sports Network from the early 1980s to the early 1990s. The Doctor Sally radio show is based on a call-in radio show entitled the Sunday Night Sex Show. Registered nurse and sex educator Sue Johanson was the host of the program which aired on local Toronto, Ontario radio station Q-107 between 1984 and 1998 and nationally until 2005. Johanson portrayed Dr. Sally in two Degrassi Junior High episodes, reprised the role on Degrassi: The Next Generation. WGBH Boston Home Video released the entire series on DVD in Region 1 in 2005.
Each season was released separately followed by a complete series collection. Degrassi Junior High: Complete Series, a 9-disc box set featuring all 42 episodes of the series was released on 25 October 2005. In Region 4, Beyond Home Entertainment released the entire series on DVD in Australia in 2005–2006, they released each season as a separate release in 2005 followed by a complete series box set in 2006. Degrassi Junior High on IMDb
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
CBC Television is a Canadian English language broadcast television network, owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952, its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. All of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free. CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports and children's programming. On October 9, 2006 at 6:00 a.m. the network switched to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to transition to such a schedule.
Most CBC-owned stations signed off the air during the early morning hours. Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC News Network in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News Channel, the CBC uses the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series and other programming from the CBC library, its French counterpart, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, still signs off every night. While there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today, for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations only broadcast 30 to 90 minutes a day of locally produced newscasts, no other local programming; until 1998, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global. Since it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, a few American movies and off-network repeats.
Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007-08 season, popular series such as Little Mosque on the Prairie and The Border helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade. In 2002, CBC Television and CBC News Network became the first broadcasters in Canada that are required to provide closed captioning for all of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, billboards and other internal programming must be captioned; the requirement stems from a human rights complaint filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug, settled in 2002. Under the CBC's current arrangement with Rogers Communications for National Hockey League broadcast rights, Hockey Night in Canada broadcasts on CBC-owned stations and affiliates are not technically aired over the CBC Television network, but over a separate CRTC-licensed part-time network operated by Rogers.
This was required by the CRTC as Rogers exercises editorial control and sells all advertising time during the HNIC broadcasts though the CBC bug and promos for other CBC Television programs appear throughout HNIC. The CBC's flagship newscast, The National, airs Sunday through Fridays at 10:00 p.m. local time and Saturdays at 6:00 p.m. EST; until October 2006, CBC owned-and-operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11:00 p.m.. This second airing was replaced with other programming, as of the 2012-13 television season, was replaced on CBC's major market stations by a half-hour late newscast. There is a short news update, at most, on late Saturday evenings. During hockey season, this update is found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on Hockey Night in Canada; the show is simultaneously broadcasts rolling coverage from CBC News Network from noon to 1 p.m. local time in most time zones. In addition to the mentioned late local newscasts, CBC stations in most markets fill early evenings with local news programs from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. while most stations air a single local newscast on weekend evenings.
Weekly newsmagazine the fifth estate is a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as Doc Zone. One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, Hockey Night in Canada, it has been televised by the network since 1952. During the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic movies, branded as Movie Night in Canada, on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues. Other than hockey, CBC Sports properties include Toronto Raptors basketball, Toronto FC Soccer, various other amateur and professional
Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area, of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area, held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture, is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world. People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops.
York was incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation; the city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2. The diverse population of Toronto reflects its current and historical role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. More than 50 percent of residents belong to a visible minority population group, over 200 distinct ethnic origins are represented among its inhabitants. While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, over 160 languages are spoken in the city. Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, television production, is home to the headquarters of Canada's major national broadcast networks and media outlets, its varied cultural institutions, which include numerous museums and galleries and public events, entertainment districts, national historic sites, sports activities, attract over 25 million tourists each year.
Toronto is known for its many skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere, the CN Tower. The city is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the headquarters of Canada's five largest banks, the headquarters of many large Canadian and multinational corporations, its economy is diversified with strengths in technology, financial services, life sciences, arts, business services, environmental innovation, food services, tourism. When Europeans first arrived at the site of present-day Toronto, the vicinity was inhabited by the Iroquois, who had displaced the Wyandot people, occupants of the region for centuries before c. 1500. The name Toronto is derived from the Iroquoian word tkaronto, meaning "place where trees stand in the water"; this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. However, the word "Toronto", meaning "plenty" appears in a 1632 French lexicon of the Huron language, an Iroquoian language.
It appears on French maps referring to various locations, including Georgian Bay, Lake Simcoe, several rivers. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, known as the Toronto Carrying-Place Trail, led to widespread use of the name. In the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagon on the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, with most returning to their base in present-day New York. French traders abandoned it in 1759 during the Seven Years' War; the British defeated the French and their indigenous allies in the war, the area became part of the British colony of Quebec in 1763. During the American Revolutionary War, an influx of British settlers came here as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario; the Crown granted them land to compensate for their losses in the Thirteen Colonies.
The new province of Upper Canada was being needed a capital. In 1787, the British Lord Dorchester arranged for the Toronto Purchase with the Mississauga of the New Credit First Nation, thereby securing more than a quarter of a million acres of land in the Toronto area. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto. In 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, believing that the new site would be less vulnerable to attack by the United States; the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the town's natural harbour, sheltered by a long sand-bar peninsula. The town's settlement formed at the eastern end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street and Front Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the town's capture and plunder by United States forces.
The surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. American soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation; because of the sacking of York, British troops retaliated in the war with the Burning of Wa
Christian Bethune Campbell is a Canadian-American stage and screen actor and photographer. He is best known for his roles as Gabriel in the movie Trick, Greg Ivey in Big Love and on stage as Jimmy Harper in the musical Reefer Madness, he is married to actress America Olivo. Campbell was born in Ontario. Campbell's mother, Marnie, is a yoga instructor and psychologist from Amsterdam, who ran a theatre in Guelph, Ontario, his father, Gerry Campbell, a British immigrant to Canada from the East End of Glasgow, taught high school drama classes in Mississauga, Ontario — first at Westwood Secondary School at Lorne Park Secondary School, now at Erindale Secondary School. Campbell's maternal grandparents ran a theatre company in the Netherlands and his paternal grandparents were performers. On his mother's side, Campbell descends from Sephardi Jews who immigrated to the Netherlands and converted to Catholicism. Campbell's parents divorced, his siblings are actress Neve Campbell, actor Alex Campbell, Damian McDonald.
He and his sister, resided with their father, with regular periods at their mother's home. Born into an acting family and his father an acting teacher, Campbell began training at an early age, he was acting professionally by the age of fourteen and attended Claude Watson School for the Arts in Toronto, Ontario. Campbell starred in the gay-themed romantic comedy Trick in 1999; the feature film was a Sundance Grand Jury Prize nominated film. It grossed the most per-screen average for a gay-themed film at the time. In celebration of the fifteenth anniversary of the picture, Campbell spoke of the social climate at the time and how he, a straight actor, had taken on a gay role. "Having been in that movie... opened up a community," he said. "The gay community was supportive of me."In 2001, Campbell teamed up with Trick co-star John Paul Pitoc in the feature-film Thank You, Good Night, co-starring with Mark Hamill and Sally Kirkland. He starred in the 2004 short film Pretty Dead Girl. In 2009, Campbell starred in the feature film Neighbor along with America Olivo, who would become his wife.
He played conservative American political activist Ralph Reed in the 2010 movie Casino Jack. Campbell starred along with Amy Smart in director Russell Friedenberg's 2014 feature film Among Ravens. At the age of 16, Campbell made his television debut on the Canadian television series Degrassi High. Campbell's first starring role was in the television movie City Boy, in which he starred alongside James Brolin and Sarah Chalke. Campbell starred in the 1995 ABC telefilm Picture Perfect, he moved to the United States in 1995 where he was soon cast as Teddy Delacourt in producer Aaron Spelling's primetime teen drama/soap opera Malibu Shores. Campbell joined the cast of The $treet in 2000 as Tim Sherman, he starred in the science fiction-action animated series Max Steel from 2000-2002, providing the voice of the protagonist, Josh McGrath, a 19-year-old fictional extreme sports star. Campbell joined All My Children as the recast Bobby Warner from 2004 to 2005, replacing Brian Gaskill for the role after a seven-year absence for the character.
Along with Shannon Elizabeth, he starred in the 2008 made-for-TV movie You Belong To Me. Before its abrupt cancellation, he had a starring role in the NBC drama The Book of Daniel. In May 2010, Campbell had a guest-starring role as victim Ben Rooney in CSI: Miami season 8, episode 21, "Meltdown". In 2013, Campbell joined the cast of the Lifetime original movie An Amish Murder, in which he played the brother of Kate Burkholder, played by his real life younger sister, Neve Campbell. Campbell has a recurring role in the second season of HBO's True Detective, he can be seen playing the villain Pierce Peters in the 2015 Disney Channel Original Movie Bad Hair Day. Campbell's theatre training began early and was extensive due to his father being an acting teacher and his mother's acting background, his earliest acting roles were on the stage for his father's panto productions for the Association for Scottish Traditions and Arts in Etobicoke, Ontario. Campbell said of his early work with his father that "Dad was always throwing Neve and me on the stage.
The pantos are sort of fantasies-sometimes fairy tales like Jack and the Beanstalk. In these shows there's a lot of humor, always a cross-dresser. That's part of the genre." His first starring role on the stage was as the role of Nick in A Thousand Clowns, held at his mother's dinner theatre. He toured Europe in the early 1990s, acting in stage plays such as Der Ritter Von Mirakel and A Clockwork Orange at the Schaulspielhaus, Nürnberg. Shortly after his move to Los Angeles in 1995, Campbell co-founded the theatre company Blue Sphere Alliance, he began. Campbell made his directorial debut with Reach, a one-act play that starred Matthew Lillard and Sandra Thigpen. In 2000, Campbell produced Trust, in New York City. Campbell starred in Reefer Madness in 2001 with newcomer Kristen Bell, he joined ill-fated Rent playwright Jonathan Larson in tick... tick... BOOM! in 2002, which he has played on a national tour of the United States and in London at the Menier Chocolate Factory. Campbell went on to work on Great Expectations with Kathleen Chalfant in 2004.
In July 2015 it was announced that Campbell would lead the cast of Harold Chapin's The New Morality at the Mint Theater. Campbell has been a photographer for the last two decades and showcases his work on his personal website, he currentl
Amy Sky is a Canadian singer-songwriter, record producer, theatre actress, television host. Sky started classical music lessons at the age of five, plays piano, guitar and recorder, she has a degree from the University of Toronto in music composition. In 1983, Sky was signed as a staff songwriter to MCA Music Nashville, subsequently to Warner-Chappell Music in Los Angeles, EMI Music Los Angeles, Warner-Chappell Music Germany; as a writer she has penned songs for many artists including Diana Ross, Anne Murray, Olivia Newton-John, Reba McEntire, Belinda Carlisle, Aaron Neville, Cyndi Lauper, Mark Masri, Roch Voisine and Sheena Easton. In 1996, Amy Sky released her debut album as a recording artist, Cool Rain, starred in a Toronto production of the musical Blood Brothers with David Cassidy and Michael Burgess. After being nominated for two Juno Awards, including best songwriter and best new artist, she released Burnt by the Sun in 1998, which earned a nomination for best songwriter; the string of radio hits.
2001 saw the release of Phenomenal Woman, followed in 2003 by Sky's fourth album, With This Kiss, a romance collection. In 2007, EMI released Life Lessons: The Best of Amy Sky. In 2008, Sky released The Lights of December. Between 2005 and 2012, she focused on her producing for other artists. Since 2005, Sky has renewed her collaboration with Olivia Newton-John and producing songs for Newton-John's albums Stronger Than Before and Gratitude and Christmas Wish. In 2008, Sky executive produced the fund raising album Celebration and Song: Olivia Newton-John and Friends that accompanied Newton-John's Great Walk to Beijing. In April, Sky joined Newton-John and dozens of international musicians, actors and cancer survivors to walk the Great Wall of China in order to raise money for the Olivia Newton-John Cancer and Wellness Centre in Melbourne, Australia. In 2009, Green Hill Records released Gratitude Renewed, which included two new songs. In 2012, Sky made her return to her solo records with the release of Awake.
As a companion to the CD, there is a website and monthly newsletter dedicated to sharing information about mental health self care. Sky has been nominated for East and West Coast Music Awards, the Canadian Independent Music Awards, the International Songwriter's Award, in 2007 won the Canadian Smooth Jazz Award for Best Composition, she is the first recipient of the CRIA Applause award, recognizing her work on behalf of artist rights. Sky advocates for mental health issues. In 2006, Sky was honoured for her work as a spokesperson in this area, with the CAMH Courage to Come Back award, the Mood Disorders Association of Ontario Hero Inspiration Award, she continues to advocate for "mental hygiene", in 2008 was featured on the covers of two magazines, Canadian Health and Lifestyle and the debut issue of Anchor, speaking about this topic. Sky has hosted three seasons of parenting shows on Rogers TV Enfagrow: The Toddler Years with Amy Sky. Sky has lent her support to many charitable causes, including the Parkinson's Foundation, Princess Margaret Hospital, National Ovarian Cancer Association, The Hospital for Sick Children, Easter Seals, Variety, MADD, Mood Disorders of Ontario, United Way, Gilda's Club, Casey House, Covenant House, Ontario Child Abuse Prevention and Zareinu.
Sky resides in Toronto, Ontario. She is married to musician Marc Jordan and they have two children together, a son, Ezra and a daughter, Zoe. Both Ezra and Zoe are performers as well. Zoe is in Toronto-based band, Petty Victories. Sky is a member of the Canadian charity Artists Against Racism Amy Sky on IMDb Official site