Neah Bay, Washington
Neah Bay is a census-designated place on the Makah Reservation in Clallam County, United States. The population was 865 at the 2010 census, it is across the Canada–US border from British Columbia. Neah Bay is located at 48°21′56″N 124°36′56″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.4 square miles, all of it land. It is one hundred and sixty miles northwest of Seattle. Neah Bay has an oceanic climate, common in the small coastal cities of Washington. Despite being on the border with Canada its winter is mild for latitude. Speaking, temperatures have little annual fluctuation being influenced by the Pacific Ocean, with the warm currents and patterns of the west as well as the mountains to the east that shape an light climate between places in close conditions, its climate is similar to the southwest of England and southern New Zealand, but with cool summers to cold and warm as it is most common in these places. To the west of the Cascades Mountains, Neah Bay has a rainy climate and in larger numbers than the Gulf Coast, the wettest place in the eastern US.
Although it is a pretty damp city, its average amount of snow falling is only higher than Norfolk, VA. Sunshine hours are typical for an hazy temperate climate; as of the census of 2010, there were 865 people, 282 households, 181 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 335.8 people per square mile. There were 322 housing units at an average density of 136.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 12.1% White, 0.2% African American, 77.1% Native American.7% from other races, 9.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.42% of the population. There were 282 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.38. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 34.0% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 123.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $21,635, the median income for a family was $24,583. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $27,917 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $11,338. About 26.3% of families and 29.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 32.6% of those age 65 or over. The name "Neah" refers to the Makah Chief Dee-ah, pronounced Neah in the Klallam language; the town is named for the water body Neah Bay. A number of names were used for the bay. In August 1788 Captain Charles Duncan, a British trader, charted a bay at the location of Neah Bay, but did not give it a name. In 1790 Manuel Quimper took possession of the bay for Spain and named it "Bahía de Núñez Gaona" in honor of Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta, viceroy of New Spain. In 1792 Salvador Fidalgo began to build a Spanish fort on Neah Bay, but the project failed within the year.
While Fidalgo was working on the fort George Vancouver did not stop at the bay. American traders called Neah Bay "Poverty Cove". In 1841 the United States Exploring Expedition under Charles Wilkes mapped the region and named Neah Bay "Scarborough Harbour" in honor of Captain James Scarborough of the Hudson's Bay Company, who had provided assistance to the expedition; the Wilkes map contained the first use of the word "Neah", but for the bay's island, now called Waadah Island. The bay was first called Neah in 1847 by Captain Henry Kellett during his reorganization of the British Admiralty charts. Kellett spelled it "Neeah Bay". In 1929, the Neah Bay Dock Company, a subsidiary of the Puget Sound Navigation Company, owned a wharf and a hotel at Neah Bay; the local economy is sustained by fishing and tourism. During the summer Neah Bay is a popular fishing area for sports fishermen. Any visitor to the Makah land must buy a recreational permit for US$10; the permit is good for the calendar year. Edward Eugene Claplanhoo — former Chairman of the Makah Tribal Council, first Makah college graduate, established the Makah Museum and Fort Núñez Gaona–Diah Veterans Park.
Ruth Claplanhoo — Basket weaver, last native speaker of the Makah language. Peter DePoe — drummer for Native American rock group Redbone. Bob Greene — second-to-last surviving Makah veteran of World War II. Ben Johnson, former Chairman and member of the Makah Tribal Council. Israel Keyes — serial killer, rapist and bank robber. Fishing for bottom fish, such as ling cod, kelp greenling, black rockfish, china rockfish, yellow eye and canary rockfish, among others. Ling cod fishing is good in summer, while salmon fishing is good during summer runs; however — Neah Bay is known for the best halibut fishing in the lower 48 states. The United States halibut season lasts a handful of days in May and June, ending when a seasonal quota is attained; when the United States halibut season is closed, some fishermen obtain Canadian fishing licenses and launch from Neah Bay, running 10 miles to the portion of Swiftsure Bank that lies in Canadian waters. Popular spots for halibut include "The Garbage Dump", located just inside th
Port Angeles, Washington
Port Angeles is a city in and the county seat of Clallam County, United States. With a population of 19,038 as of the 2010 census, it is the largest city in the county; the population was estimated at 19,448 in 2015 by the Office of Financial Management. The City's harbor was dubbed Puerto de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles by Spanish explorer Francisco de Eliza in 1791. By the mid-19th century, after settlement by English speakers from the United States, the name was shortened and anglicized to its current form, Port Angeles Harbor. Port Angeles is home to Peninsula College, it is the birthplace of football hall of famer John Elway and residents include writers and artists. The city is served by William R. Fairchild International Airport. Ferry service is provided across the Strait of Juan de Fuca to Victoria, British Columbia, Canada on the MV Coho; this area was long occupied by succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples. In 1791 the harbor was entered by Spanish explorer Francisco de Eliza, who named it Puerto de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles, claiming it for Spain.
He was on an expedition from southern California. This name was shortened to the current one of Port Angeles; the first Europeans to the area tended to trade with the Native Americans. It was not until the 19th century. A small whaling and shipping village developed, which traded with Victoria, British Columbia. In 1856–1857, the first settlers arrived and they were followed by the Cherbourg Land Company in 1859. Soon afterwards the site caught the attention of Victor Smith. Smith, a protege of Salmon Chase, was Collector of Customs for the Puget Sound District, he gained approval to relocate the Port of Entry from Port Townsend to Port Angeles. With Chase's support, he succeeded in getting President Abraham Lincoln to designate 3,520 acres at Port Angeles as a federal reserve for lighthouse and naval purposes; the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers platted a federal town site on the reserve land, laying out the street plan which still exists today; the fact that Washington, D. C. was the only other city laid out by the federal government led the U.
S. Board of Trade in 1890 to dub Port Angeles the "Second National City." Settlers soon followed but Smith's death in the sinking of the Brother Jonathen led to the loss of interest in the area. The Port of Entry was returned to Port Townsend and the area sank into obscurity until the 1880s. In 1884, a hotel was built and the trading post was expanded into the areas first general store. A wharf was soon built upon that site. A village of 300 in 1886, Port Angeles' population grew to 3,000 by 1890. Hundreds of its new residents were part of the Puget Sound Cooperative Colony, established in 1887 and built several of the settlement's first permanent civic facilities, including a sawmill, office building, opera house; the town was incorporated on June 11, 1890, was named the county seat of Clallam County that year. A depression a few years was weathered and the town continued to grow into the new century. In 1914, large-scale logging began with construction of a large mill and a railway connecting the hinterlands to the mill.
Other mills were soon built and the lumber mills supported the economy of the area until well into the century. Tourism became important as the growing national affluence, the 1961 opening of the Hood Canal Bridge that cut driving time from the populated central Puget Sound region, brought more visitors drawn by the mountains and rainforest of Olympic National Park and by fishing and boating along the Strait of Juan de Fuca; the mills began to close in the 80s until only one mill remained in operation. In August 2003, a $275 million construction project, known as the Graving Dock Project, was started in Port Angeles near the water as part of the Hood Canal Bridge east-half replacement project, it was intended to construct an area for anchoring pontoons for the bridge. During construction, human remains and artifacts were discovered; this site was found to be the "largest prehistoric Indian village and burial ground found in the United States," according to a senior archaeologist for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers in Seattle.
The archeology site included Native American burials of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Archeologists were called in to conduct a professional excavation, they found about 300 graves and 785 pieces of human bones, in addition to numerous ritual and ceremonial Indian artifacts of the former Tse-whit-zen village of the federally recognized Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe. This site had been continuously occupied by indigenous cultures for thousands of years; because of the significance of the site for Native American history, in December 2004 the graving dock project was abandoned. Many of the graves uncovered appeared to hold entire families. Archeologists project that this was the result of pandemics of smallpox and other infectious illnesses brought by European immigrants to North America; these caused massive death tolls among Native American populations in 1780 and 1835, as they had no acquired immunity. Infectious diseases contracted from interactions with European fur traders are believed to have killed about 90 percent of the Indians living in the Northwest before European-American settlement of the area.
In 2016, Port Angeles installed street signs in English and Klallam to revitalize and preserve the area's Klallam culture. The coordinates of Port Angeles are 48°06′47″N 123°26′27″W. According to the Uni
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land, not governed by a local municipal corporation. Municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are rare. Unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area contains several towns and entire cities. Thus, aside from sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are in remote locations, cover vast areas or have small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in other parts of Australia use the suburb or locality names gazetted by the relevant state or territorial government.
Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory is in some sense an unincorporated area; the territorial government is directly responsible for matters carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, sparsely populated and warrants an elected council. A civil servant in the state capital manages such matters; the second unincorporated area of this state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory, 1.45% of the total area and 4.0% of the population are in unincorporated areas, including Unincorporated Top End Region, areas covered by the Darwin Rates Act—Nhulunbuy, Alyangula on Groote Eylandt in the northern region, Yulara in the southern region. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive municipal services provided by a state agency, the Outback Communities Authority. Victoria has 10 small unincorporated areas, which are either small islands directly administered by the state or ski resorts administered by state-appointed management boards.
Western Australia is exceptional in two respects. Firstly, the only remote area, unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands, uninhabited and controlled by the WA Department of Fisheries. Secondly, the other unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to, the Perth metropolitan area, namely Rottnest Island and Kings Park. In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs over the settlement, it is but not always, part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns and cities. For example, the urban service areas of Fort McMurray and Sherwood Park, of the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo and Strathcona County would be the fifth and sixth largest cities in Alberta if they were incorporated. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries and are administered directly by regional/county-level governments similar to the American system.
Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction; some unincorporated settlements in such unorganized areas may have some types of municipal services provided to them by a quasi-governmental agency such as a local services board in Ontario. In New Brunswick where a significant population live in a Local Service District and services may come directly from the province; the entire area of the Czech Republic is divided into municipalities, with the only exception being 4 military areas. These are parts of the regions and do not form self-governing municipalities, but are rather governed by military offices, which are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense. † Brdy Military Area was abandoned by the Army in 2015 and converted into Landscape park, with its area being incorporated either into existing municipalities or municipalities newly established from the existing settlements.
The other four Military Areas were reduced in size in 2015 too. The decisions on whether the settlements join existing municipalities or form new ones are decided in plebiscites. Since Germany has no administrative level comparable to the townships of other countries, the vast majority of the country, close to 99%, is organized in municipalities consisting of multiple settlements which are not considered to be unincorporated; because these settlements lack a council of their own, there is an Ortsvorsteher / Ortsvorsteherin appointed by the municipal council, except in the smallest villages. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas in Germany, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, was 295 with a total area of 4,890.33 km² and around 1.4% of its territory. However
National Register of Historic Places listings in Gila County, Arizona
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Gila County, Arizona. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Gila County, United States; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map. There are 52 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1, a National Historic Landmark; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona National Register of Historic Places listings in Arizona
Sequim Bay State Park
Sequim Bay State Park is a public recreation area covering 92 acres on the Puget Sound side of the Olympic Peninsula in Clallam County, Washington. The state park sits within the Sequim rain shadow, has over 4,900 feet of shoreline and offers picnicking, hiking, swimming, clam digging, athletic fields, birdwatching, interpretive activities, horseshoes. Sequim Bay State Park Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission Sequim Bay State Park Map Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission
Diamond Point, Washington
Diamond Point is an unincorporated community in Clallam County, United States, located on the Miller Peninsula. Diamond Point is at the northwestern corner of Discovery Bay, looks north to Protection Island. While some homes are located along the water on the point itself, most homes are located on the bluffs and plateau above Discovery Bay and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Diamond Point is residential and is serviced by Diamond Point Airport; some pilots access the airport by taxiing their aircraft on and across county roads adjacent to the airport. Miller Peninsula State Park is located on all landward sides of the community; this park has miles of hiking trails and is accessible from the community or from a number of nearby trailheads. Klallam Indians had a village with a stockade at the point when the first European explorers entered the region. A quarantine station for ships coming into the Puget Sound from outside the United States was built at Diamond Point in the late 1880s. There are still old relics of Diamond Point's past visible, including two crumbling docks, a spray house, a utility building, a hospital, a nurses' quarters.
The quarantine station remained active until 1934. The hospital and nurses' quarters are now private residences; the area was opened up to residential development in the late 1950s and within 10 years the Diamond Point Land Company and the Sunshine Acres development had much of the land plotted and sold. Fish, Harriet U. "Fish Tales of Diamond Point Quarantine Station", © 1992 Diamond Point Airport