1986 FBI Miami shootout
The 1986 FBI Miami shootout was a gun battle that occurred on April 11, 1986, in a unincorporated region of Miami-Dade County in South Florida between eight FBI agents and two serial bank robbers and murderers. During the firefight, FBI Special Agents Jerry L. Dove and Benjamin P. Grogan were killed, while five other agents were wounded; the two robbery suspects, William Russell Matix and Michael Lee Platt, were killed. The incident is well-studied in law enforcement circles. Despite outnumbering the suspects 4 to 1, the agents found themselves pinned down by suppressive rifle fire and unable to respond effectively. Although both Matix and Platt were hit multiple times during the shootout, Platt fought on and continued to wound and kill agents; this incident led to the introduction of more effective handguns in the FBI and many police departments around the United States. Michael Lee Platt and William Russell Matix met while serving in the U. S. Army at Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Matix first served in the U.
S. Marine Corps from 1969 to 1972, working as a cook in the officers' mess, was honorably discharged after reaching the rank of staff sergeant. In 1973, Matix enlisted in the U. S. served in the military police. He was honorably discharged from the Army in 1976. Platt enlisted in 1972 as an infantryman and served with the U. S. Army Rangers during the Vietnam War, where he was noted for "High Combat Proficiency", he was honorably discharged in 1979. Both of their spouses had died under mysterious circumstances. Matix's wife, retired U. S. Army Specialist 4 Patricia Buchanich, a female co-worker, Joyce McFadden, were stabbed to death on December 30, 1983, at Riverside Methodist Hospital in Columbus, where both women worked. Matix told investigators. Matix was never charged. After his wife's death, Matix moved to Miami at the urging of Michael Platt, married a woman named Brenda Horne, had one daughter, Christy Lou. After relocating to Homestead, Matix began a landscaping and tree removal business called "The Yankee Clipper" with Platt.
Platt's first marriage ended in divorce. In December 1984, Platt's second wife, Regina E. Lylen-Platt, was found shot dead with a shotgun from a single shot in the mouth, her death was ruled a suicide. He married his third wife Brenda in January 1985. Prior to embarking on their crime spree neither Platt nor Matix had a criminal record. At the time of Platt's killing, his wife had no idea that her husband and friend Matix were bank robbers. In the end, he was a father to an infant son. On October 5, 1985, Platt and Matix murdered 25-year-old Emelio Briel while he was target shooting at a rock pit; the pair used it to commit several robberies. Briel's remains were not identified until May. Eleven days after killing Briel and Matix attempted to rob a Wells Fargo armored truck in front of a Winn-Dixie supermarket. One of the pair shot a guard in the leg with a shotgun. Two other guards returned fire. No money was taken in the botched robbery, the one wounded guard would die from his wound. One week the two robbed a teller station outside a branch of the Florida National Bank and a branch of the Professional Savings Bank.
They resumed their robberies by attacking a Brinks armored truck. After shooting the guard twice, they escaped in Briel's car, but a civilian followed them from the scene and witnessed them switch to a white Ford F-150 pickup truck. On March 12, they robbed and shot Jose Collazo as he was target shooting at a rock pit, leaving him for dead and stealing his black 1979 Chevrolet Monte Carlo, but Collazo survived the shooting and walked three miles to get help. One week they used his car to rob a Barnett Bank branch. At 8:45 a.m on Friday April 11, 1986, a team of FBI agents led by Special Agent Gordon McNeill assembled at a Home Depot to initiate a rolling stakeout searching for the black Monte Carlo. The agents did not know the identity of the suspects at the time, they were acting on a hunch. A total of fourteen FBI agents in eleven cars participated in the search. Eight of these FBI agents took part in the actual shootout and were paired as follows: Supervisory Special Agent Gordon McNeill alone in his car Special Agent Richard Manauzzi alone in his car Special Agent Benjamin Grogan, with Special Agent Jerry Dove Special Agent Edmundo Mireles, Jr. with Special Agent John Hanlon Special Agent Gilbert Orrantia, with Special Agent Ronald RisnerAround 9:30 a.m. agents Grogan and Dove spotted the suspect vehicle, began to follow.
Two other stakeout team cars joined them, an attempt was made to conduct a traffic stop of the suspects, who were forced off the road following collisions with the cars of FBI agents Grogan/Dove, agents Hanlon/Mireles, agent Manauzzi. These collisions sent the suspect car nose first into a tree in a small parking area in front of a house at 12201 Southwest 82nd Avenue, pinned between a parked car and Manauzzi's car on the driver side. Of the eight agents at the scene, two had Remington 870 shotguns in their vehicles, three were armed with semi-automatic Smith & Wesson Model 459 9mm pistols, the rest were armed with Smith & Wesson revolvers, two had.357s and five had.38 specials. Two of the agents had backup.38 special revolvers and both would use them
FBI Special Weapons and Tactics Teams
FBI Special Weapons and Tactics Teams are specialized tactical teams of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. SWAT agents are specially trained to intervene in high-risk events like hostage and barricade situations; the FBI maintains SWAT teams at each of its 56 field offices throughout the country varying in size up to about 42 members. In the event of a large scale problem that local law enforcement does not have the resources to handle, FBI SWAT teams from the local field office, as well as outside the local region can be dispatched to aid the local authorities. SWAT teams are considered versatile and can be used in various types of operations. High risk arrests and assaults Hostage rescue Car stoppers Counterterrorism Maritime Operations Tubular assaults Stronghold assaults Fugitive tracking Operations in WMD environments Dignitary protection Coordinate multi-location warrant service Site surveys for high visibility events Aircraft Hijackings Specialized sniper operations Several factors can determine the use for SWAT.
Some of those factors are: The potential of violence The potential risk to law enforcement and the public The location of the warrant service and case requirements A total of nine to fourteen of the larger FBI SWAT teams bear the designation of "Enhanced FBI SWAT" Teams. Enhanced FBI SWAT teams comprise a larger number of personnel than regular teams, in addition to having access to a more extensive range of tactical equipment and methods, they are available for worldwide deployment should the need arise, can assist in military and intelligence special operations. FBI SWAT Teams carry a variety of weapons that are found in most other law enforcement and counterterrorist tactical teams; the following are some of the primary weapons of FBI SWAT MP5/10 submachine gun Colt M4 carbine M1911A1 Springfield Professional Custom.45 ACP pistol SIG Sauer 9 mm, 10mm Remington 870 12 gauge shotgun Remington 700 sniper rifle The FBI SWAT teams use vehicles similar to those that local SWAT teams use, such as: Specialized vehicles for insertion into tactical situations and for tactical maneuvering while in tricky situations.
This includes Humvees. In addition, if the SWAT officers want to avoid detection, they can use a variety of modified buses, trucks, or other vehicles that seem normal. FBI Tactical Operations webpage Up Close with an FBI SWAT Team Agent FBI SWAT - American Special Ops
The FBI Police is the Federal Bureau of Investigation's uniformed security police force tasked with protecting FBI facilities, personnel, users and operations from harm and may enforce certain laws and administrative regulations. Authority for the FBI Police is set out in the U. S. Code, Title 28, Section 940C, "FBI police", they are endowed with full police powers of crime prevention, law enforcement and investigation within the following FBI facilities: The J. Edgar Hoover Building The FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia The FBI Laboratory in Quantico The New York City field office in Lower Manhattan The Washington field office in Washington, D. C; the Criminal Justice Information Services Division in Clarksburg, West Virginia The 240-plus FBI Police officers are classified as professional staff, which includes intelligence analysts, language specialists, information technology specialists, other agency professionals. FBI Police officers are covered under the Federal Employee Retirement System and do not receive enhanced Law Enforcement Retirement.
The FBI Police are among the lowest paid Federal Law Enforcement Officers and have the highest attrition rate at 13.9%. On August 2, 2007, a group of more than 100 FBI Police officers filed a class action complaint in the U. S. Court of Federal Claims for millions of dollars of back and future pay; the complaint alleged that the FBI had not complied with a 2002 statute, part of the FBI Reform Act, that mandated that the FBI police force be paid the same pay and benefits as members of the Uniformed Division of the United States Secret Service. The judge ruled against the FBI Police officers on all issues in February 2017. Federal police List of FBI Field Offices List of protective service agencies List of United States federal law enforcement agencies Federal Protective Service Official website
Quantico is a town in Prince William County, United States. The population was 480 at the 2010 census. Quantico is located just south of the Quantico Creek; the word Quantico is a derivation of the name of a Doeg village recorded by English colonists as Pamacocack. Quantico is surrounded on three sides by one of the largest U. S. Marine Corps bases, Marine Corps Base Quantico; the base is the site of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and HMX-1, Officer Candidate School, The Basic School. The United States Drug Enforcement Administration's training academy, the FBI Academy, the FBI Laboratory, the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command, the Air Force Office of Special Investigations headquarters are on the base. A replica of the USMC War Memorial stands at the entrance to the base; as of 2013, the mayor is Kevin P. Brown. Quantico is at 38 ° 77 ° 17' 23" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.1 square miles, of which, 0.1 square miles of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.
Quantico has a humid subtropical climate. As of the census of 2000, there were 561 people, 295 households, 107 families living in the town; the population density was 7,811.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 359 housing units at an average density of 4,998.6 per square mile. The racial makeup was 61.32% White, 20.32% African American, 10.16% Asian, 0.36% Native American, 2.32% from other races, 5.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.53% of the population. There were 295 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 63.4% were non-families. 53.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 39.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 122.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, the median income for a family was $27,596. Males had a median income of $29,615 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,087. About 22.4% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under the age of 18 and none of those ages 65 or older. There are no significant highways passing through Quantico. All road vehicles must pass through MCB Quantico. Therefore, all vehicle drivers must present a valid driver’s license to the military security officer stationed at the gate, may be required to state their destination and reason for visiting. More thorough searches and checks may be undertaken, according to the discretion and authority of base security. Amtrak and Virginia Railway Express trains stop at the Quantico station. Railway passengers are not subject to the same treatment as those using road vehicles.
Robert L. Crawford, Jr. actor on Laramie Geof Isherwood, artist Shelby Lynne, singer, producer, owner of Everso Records, actress Langley, Virginia Behavioral Analysis Unit Hostage Rescue Team Marine Corps Base Quantico Quantico station Quantico National Cemetery Town of Quantico Prince William County Government Dumfries Magisterial District Supervisor FBI
COINTELPRO was a series of covert, at times illegal, projects conducted by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at surveilling, infiltrating and disrupting domestic political organizations. FBI records show that COINTELPRO resources targeted groups and individuals that the FBI deemed subversive, including the Communist Party USA, anti–Vietnam War organizers, activists of the civil rights movement or Black Power movement and animal rights organizations, feminist organizations, the American Indian Movement, independence movements, a variety of organizations that were part of the broader New Left; the program targeted the Ku Klux Klan. The FBI financed and controlled an extreme right-wing group of former members of the Minutemen anti-communist para-military organization, transforming it into a group called the Secret Army Organization that targeted groups and leaders involved in the Anti-War Movement, using both intimidation and violent acts; the FBI has used covert operations against domestic political groups since its inception.
COINTELPRO tactics are still used to this day, have been alleged to include discrediting targets through psychological warfare. The FBI's stated motivation was "protecting national security, preventing violence, maintaining the existing social and political order."Beginning in 1969, leaders of the Black Panther Party were targeted by the COINTELPRO and "neutralized" by being murdered, imprisoned, publicly humiliated or falsely charged with crimes. Some of the Black Panthers affected included Fred Hampton, Mark Clark, Zayd Shakur, Geronimo Pratt, Mumia Abu-Jamal, Marshall Conway. Common tactics used by COINTELPRO were perjury, witness harassment, witness intimidation, withholding of evidence. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover issued directives governing COINTELPRO, ordering FBI agents to "expose, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise Neutralize" the activities of these movements and their leaders. Under Hoover, the agent in charge of COINTELPRO was William C. Sullivan. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy authorized some of the programs.
Although Kennedy only gave written approval for limited wiretapping of Martin Luther King's phones "on a trial basis, for a month or so", Hoover extended the clearance so his men were "unshackled" to look for evidence in any areas of King's life they deemed worthy. Internal documents dated as late as 2017, showed that the FBI had continued to engage in similar programs by surveilling the Black Lives Matter movement. Centralized operations under COINTELPRO began in August 1956 with a program designed to "increase factionalism, cause disruption and win defections" inside the Communist Party USA. Tactics included anonymous phone calls, Internal Revenue Service audits, the creation of documents that would divide the American communist organization internally. An October 1956 memo from Hoover reclassified the FBI's ongoing surveillance of black leaders, including it within COINTELPRO, with the justification that the movement was infiltrated by communists. In 1956, Hoover sent an open letter denouncing Dr. T.
R. M. Howard, a civil rights leader and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W. Lee, Emmett Till, other African Americans in the South; when the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an African-American civil rights organization, was founded in 1957, the FBI began to monitor and target the group immediately, focusing on Bayard Rustin, Stanley Levison, Martin Luther King Jr. After the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, Hoover singled out King as a major target for COINTELPRO. Under pressure from Hoover to focus on King, Sullivan wrote: In the light of King's powerful demagogic speech.... We must mark him now if we have not done so before, as the most dangerous Negro of the future in this nation from the standpoint of communism, the Negro, national security. Soon after, the FBI was systematically bugging King's home and his hotel rooms, as they were now aware that King was growing in stature daily as the most prominent leader of the civil rights movement.
In the mid-1960s, King began to publicly criticize the Bureau for giving insufficient attention to the use of terrorism by white supremacists. Hoover responded by publicly calling King the most "notorious liar" in the United States. In his 1991 memoir, Washington Post journalist Carl Rowan asserted that the FBI had sent at least one anonymous letter to King encouraging him to commit suicide. Historian Taylor Branch documents an anonymous November 21, 1964 "suicide package" sent by the FBI that contained audio recordings, which were obtained through tapping King's phone and placing bugs throughout various hotel rooms over the past two years was created two days after the announcement of King's impending Nobel Peace Prize; the tape, prepared by FBI audio technician John Matter documented a series of King's sexual indiscretions combined with a letter telling him "There is only one way out for you. You better take it before your filthy, fraudulent self is bared to the nation". King was subsequently informed that the audio would be released to the media if he did not acquies
Rod Blagojevich corruption charges
In December 2008, then-Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich and his Chief of Staff John Harris were charged with corruption by federal prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald. As a result, Blagojevich was impeached by the Illinois General Assembly and removed from office by the Illinois Senate in January 2009; the federal investigation continued after his removal from office, he was indicted on corruption charges in April of that year. The jury found Blagojevich guilty of one charge of making false statements with a mistrial being declared on the other 23 counts due to a hung jury after 14 days of jury deliberation. On June 27, 2011, after a retrial, Blagojevich was found guilty of 17 charges, not guilty on one charge and the jury deadlocked after 10 days of deliberation on the two remaining charges. On December 7, 2011, Blagojevich was sentenced to 14 years in prison; the investigation became public knowledge when a federal judge revealed that Blagojevich was the "Public Official A" in the indictment of Tony Rezko.
The case gained widespread attention with the simultaneous arrests of Blagojevich and Harris on the morning of December 9, 2008 at their homes by federal agents. Blagojevich and Harris were each charged with one count of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud and one count of soliciting bribes; the case involved sweeping pay to play and influence peddling allegations, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the U. S. Senate as a replacement for Barack Obama, who had resigned after being elected U. S. President. U. S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald noted. After the arrest, Illinois elected; the 50 members of the U. S. Senate's Democratic caucus called on Blagojevich to not appoint a senator and pledged not to seat anyone he attempted to appoint. Legislators introduced bills in both houses of the Illinois General Assembly to remove the Governor's power to appoint a senator and require a special election. Blagojevich did appoint Roland Burris to the seat.
Despite attempts to keep Burris from taking the seat in the U. S. Senate, he was allowed to take the oath of office. Within days of Blagojevich's arrest, Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan filed a motion with the Illinois Supreme Court seeking to declare the Governor "unable to serve" and strip him of the powers of his office; the court denied the request. Meanwhile, Illinois House Speaker Mike Madigan announced that on December 16 he would begin impeachment proceedings; the state House impeached Blagojevich on January 9, 2009, the state Senate convicted him 20 days thereby removing him. Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich had been under investigation for corrupt activity for four years, as part of a broader federal investigation by Patrick Fitzgerald, code-named Operation Board Games, going on for three years. To date, 15 people have been charged in connection with the investigation. Blagojevich had long been suspected to be a target of the investigation, but it was confirmed by U. S. District Judge Amy St. Eve that he was the "Public Official A" referred to in the federal indictment of Tony Rezko.
Just before the 2008 U. S. general elections, federal investigators were granted authority to tape Blagojevich's conversations. On December 8, 2008, in a press conference, Blagojevich claimed, "hether you tape me or publicly, I can tell you that whatever I say is always lawful and the things I'm interested in are always lawful." He further stated. I appreciate anybody who wants to tape me and notoriously. After a meeting between Blagojevich and Jesse Jackson Jr. regarding the Senate seat, when asked his thoughts on being the subject of federal tapings, Blagojevich stated that he " believe there's any cloud that hangs over " that he " there's nothing but sunshine hanging over ". At 6:15 a.m. on December 9, 2008, Rod Blagojevich and his chief of staff John Harris were arrested at their homes by deputies of the U. S. Marshals Service on behalf of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Blagojevich and Harris were each charged with one count of conspiracy to commit mail and wire fraud and one count of soliciting bribes.
The case involved sweeping pay to play and influence peddling allegations, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the U. S. Senate as a replacement for Barack Obama when the latter resigned after being elected U. S. President. Fitzgerald noted; the cases are part of a broader federal investigation by Fitzgerald code-named Operation Board Games, going on for three years in which 15 people have been charged by Fitzgerald. Before the scandal, Blagojevich considered himself as a contender for the 2016 presidential election, but was willing to pursue an interim position as a Cabinet member, a U. S. a high-profile corporate titan instead. The governor viewed his statutory power to appoint a replacement for Obama in the U. S. Senate as convertible currency of the form that could assure this future. Soon after the Presidential election, it became clear to Fitzgerald from his wiretaps that a sale of the Senate seat was imminent. After the arrest, the prosecution began pro
Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
The Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a senior United States government position in the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The office is second in command to the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. If the Director is absent or the position is vacant, the Deputy Director automatically takes on the additional title and role of Acting Director; the office is the highest position attainable within the FBI without being appointed by the President of the United States. Responsibilities as Deputy Director include assisting the Director and leading prominent investigations. All other FBI executives and Special Agents in Charge report to the Director through the Deputy Director. From 1978 to 1987, the position of Deputy Director was not filled due to William Hedgcock Webster's decision to divide the Deputy's responsibility between three positions. David Bowdich, former associate deputy director of the FBI, was named Acting Deputy Director January 30, 2018. On April 13, 2018, Bowdich was promoted to Deputy Director.
Cartha DeLoach Alvin Kersh, the Deputy Director of the FBI, as featured on The X-Files. Avery Ryan, the Deputy Director of the FBI and the Director of the FBI's Cyber division, she is the protagonist of CSI: Cyber. Miranda Shaw, the Deputy Director of the FBI, as featured on Quantico. Gordon Cole, the Deputy Director of the FBI, as featured on Twin Peaks. Victor Fitzgerald, Deputy Director of the FBI, as featured on Without A Trace. Jason Atwood, the Deputy Director of the FBI as featured on Designated Survivor. Harold Cooper, Deputy Director of the FBI, as featured on The Blacklist