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Sindhia was a Hindu Maratha dynasty that ruled the Gwalior State. The Gwalior state was a part of the Maratha Confederacy in the 18th and 19th centuries, a princely state of the colonial British government during the 19th and the 20th centuries. After India's independence in 1947, several members of the Sindhia family became politicians belonging to either BJP or Indian National Congress; the Scindia family emerged from the Kunbi community of Maharashtra, originating from Kanherkhed. They served as shiledars under the Bahmani Sultanate, they served the Peshwa. Maratha Period: The Scindia dynasty was founded by Ranoji Scindia, the son of Jankojirao Scindia, the Deshmukh of Kanherkhed, a village in Satara District, Maharashtra. Peshwa Baji Rao's career saw the strengthening of the Maratha Empire. Ranoji was in charge of the Maratha conquests in Malwa in 1726. Ranoji established his capital at Ujjain in 1731, his successors included Jayajirao, Dattajirao, Mahadji Shinde and Daulatrao Scindia. The Scindhia state of Gwalior became a major regional power in the latter half of the 18th century and figured prominently in the three Anglo-Maratha Wars.

They held sway over many of the Rajput states, conquered north India. British Rule: After the defeat of the allied Maratha states by the British in the Third Anglo-Maratha War of 1818, Daulatrao Shinde was forced to accept local autonomy as a princely state within British India and to give up Ajmer to the British. After the death of Daulatrao, Maharani Baiza Bai ruled the empire, saving it from the British power, till the adopted child Jankoji Rao took over the charge. Jankoji died in 1843, his widow Tarabai Raje Scindia maintained the position and adopted a child from close lineage named Jayajirao. Independent India: The Shinde family ruled Gwalior until India's independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, when the Maharaja Jivajirao Shinde acceded to the Government of India. Gwalior was merged with a number of other princely states to become the new Indian state of Madhya Bharat. George Jivajirao served as the state's rajpramukh, or appointed governor, from 28 May 1948 to 31 October 1956, when Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh.

In 1962, Rajmata Vijayraje Shinde, the widow of Maharaja Jiwajirao, was elected to the Lok Sabha, beginning the family's career in electoral politics. She was first a member of the Congress Party, became an influential member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, her son Madhavrao Scindia was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1971 representing the Congress Party, served until his death in 2001. His son, Jyotiraditya Scindia in the Congress Party, was elected to the seat held by his father in 2004. Vijayaraje's daughters have supported the Bharatiya Janata Party. Vasundhara Raje Shinde contested and won five parliamentary elections from Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Under the Vajpayee government from 1998 onwards, Vasundhara was in charge of several different ministries. In 2003 she led the Bharatiya Janata Party to its largest majority in Rajasthan, became the state's Chief Minister. In 2013 again, she led Bharatiya Janata Party to a thumping win in the state of Rajasthan, winning over 160 out of the 200 seats in the assembly elections.

Her other daughter, Yashodhara Raje Scindia, contested assembly elections from Shivpuri in Madhya Pradesh and won in 1998, 2003 and 2013 and lok sabha 2004, 2009 from Gwalior. Upon the BJP's win in the state, she became the state's Minister for Tourism and Youth Affairs. Vasundhara's son Dushyant Singh entered the Lok Sabha in 2004 from Rajasthan. In the course of their military service, the Shinde were bestowed numerous titles by the British Empire, which grew more elaborate with the passage of time: 1745: Shrimant Sardar Shinde Bahadur 1745–1787: Meherban Shrimant Sardar Shinde Bahadur 1787–1790: His Highness Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sahib Subadar Shrimant Shinde Bahadur Maharaja Shinde of Gwalior 1790–1794: His Highness Ali Jah, Umdat ul-Umara, Farzand-i-Arjumand, Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sahib Subadar Shrimant Shinde Bahadur, Mansur-i-Zaman, Naib ul-Istiqlal-i-Maharajadhiraj Sawai Madhav Rao Narayan, Maharaja Shinde of Gwalior 1794–1827: His Highness Ali Jah, Naib Vakil-i-Mutlaq, Amir ul-Umara, Mukhtar ul-Mulk, Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shrimant Shinde Bahadur, Maharaja Shinde of Gwalior 1827–1845: His Highness Ali Jah, Umdat ul-Umara, Hisam us-Sultanat, Mukhtar ul-Mulk, Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shrimant Shinde Bahadur, Mansur-i-Zaman, Maharaja Shinde of Gwalior 1845–1861: His Highness Ali Jah, Umdat ul-Umara, Hisam us-Sultanat, Mukhtar ul-Mulk, Azim ul-Iqtidar, Rafi-us-Shan, Wala Shikoh, Muhtasham-i-Dauran, Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shrimant Shinde Bahadur, Mansur-i-Zaman (His Highness the Exalted Dignity, Pillar of the Nobility, Sword of the Kingdom, Agent of the Kingdom, Chief of the Highest Auth

Firearms in Miami Vice

In the television series, Miami Vice, firearms took a key role. Episodes such as "Evan" revolved around them, while the characters themselves used several firearms during the series. Sonny Crockett was to have used a SIG Sauer P220, but this was replaced by the more modern Bren Ten; the importance of the firearms in Miami Vice is demonstrated by Galco International, which provided the holster used by Don Johnson on the show, naming its holster the Miami Classic. James "Sonny" Crockett was to use a Browning BDA.45 ACP mistakenly identified as a SIG Sauer P220 in.45 Auto. The grips and markings to the right side of slide make this subtle difference evident in the pilot episode, he carries a Detonics Pocket 9 as a backup, tucked in his rear waistband near the small of his back. But it was decided that a more state-of-the-art gun was to be used by Don Johnson. During the first season, he used a Bren Ten pistol carried in a Ted Blocker "Lifeline" shoulder holster rig. Due to Don Johnson's dissatisfaction with the "Lifeline" rig, the Jackass Leather Company "Original Jackass Rig" shoulder holster rig was fitted for him by Rick Gallagher.

The Galco "Miami Classic" shoulder holster was designed and used. The Bren Ten, manufactured by Dornaus & Dixon, was a stainless steel handgun notable as the first chambered in the powerful 10mm Auto caliber; the Bren Ten was manufactured as a two-tone weapon: the carbon steel slide was black oxide and frame was stainless steel. The model used in Miami Vice had a hard chromed matte finished slide so that it showed up better during night shots; the pistol used in the show was chambered as opposed to the standard 10 mm Auto. After the Dornaus & Dixon company went out of business in 1986, the product placement contract went to Smith & Wesson. Starting with the third season, Sonny used a 2nd Generation series Smith & Wesson Model 645; this was a full-sized 5-inch-barreled stainless steel service pistol in.45ACP. Galco Gunleather Jackass Leather Co. built a "Miami Classic" shoulder holster for the S&W 645 used. In the Galco Gunleather headquarters, there is a large display that contains the Miami Vice shoulder holster rig that Don Johnson wore, accompanied by an autographed photo of him.

In late 1988 Smith & Wesson unveiled their new 3rd Generation Series of auto pistols, so for the last season Sonny's Model 645 was replaced with the new Smith & Wesson Model 4506. This pistol had 20+ design improvements including a one piece arched grip. Sonny's M 4506 can be seen in the beginning of the episode "Victim of Circumstance" when he is sitting in a cafe and looking at it. Sonny carried a.45 ACP Detonics Combat-Master backup gun in an ankle holster on his left leg, replacing the Pocket 9 from the pilot episode. It can be seen in the bar scene shootout in the "Prodigal Son" episodes. In the last series episode "Freefall" Crockett is placing what looks to be a S&W CS45 in his ankle holster. Ricardo "Rico" Tubbs was armed with a sawed-off double-barreled shotgun in the first season. In Season 2, he used an Ithaca 37 sawed-off pump shotgun called an Ithaca Stakeout, which he carried on a halter under his jacket. Beginning in Season 3, he carried a modified, short-barreled Remington 870.

As a backup, he carried a Wesson Model 38 Bodyguard with Pachmayr grips. He can be seen using a SIG P228 in the series finale'Freefall' and a Smith & Wesson Model 36 in the pilot episode. Stan Switek can be seen using a variety of weapons, including a nickel-plated 9mm Browning Hi-Power in "French Twist". Larry Zito used a S&W 659 and a Mossberg 500 with police uniform in the pilot episode. Lt. Castillo used a Colt Trooper Mk V revolver in.357 Magnum. He used a Smith & Wesson Model 19 revolver, a Smith & Wesson Model 686 revolver, a Smith & Wesson Model 586 revolver, a nickel-plated Smith & Wesson Model 29 revolver, a Detonics Scoremaster pistol throughout the series. Gina Calabrese used a S&W Model 36 in.38 special. Trudy used a S&W Model 36 in.38 Special and a Mossberg 500 shotgun with police uniform. For additional firepower when arresting armed drug dealers, other weapons were used, including the Steyr AUG, M16 assault rifles, H&K MP5 submachine guns, the Street-Sweeper shotgun. In Season 3 episode, one of the Cuban rebels carried a brand-new Glock 17, which marked Glock's first appearance in media.

One Season 4 episode showed a drug dealer shooting at Crockett with a LAR Grizzly Win Mag after a car chase. One episode's plot was based on black market sales of MAC-10 submachine guns, another episode, "Child's Play", dealt in part with the discovery of Belgian Browning Hi-Power pistols

List of sounds of Scotland

This is a list of the Sounds of Scotland. These straits vary in size from substantial sea channels to the tiny Clachan Sound, only 21.3 metres wide and spanned by the Clachan Bridge. There are numerous other stretches of open water around the Scottish coasts that could be classified as straits, but which are called by names other than "Sound". Balta Sound on the island of Unst Bluemull Sound between Unst and Yell Colgrave Sound between Fetlar and Yell Easter Sound between Vaila and Whitesness on the West Mainland Sound of Papa between Papa Stour and West Mainland Uyea Sound between Uyea and Unst Vaila Sound separating Vaila from Linga and the bays of Walls Wester Sound between Vaila and Burrastow on the West Mainland Yell Sound between Yell and Mainland Shetland Auskerry Sound between Stronsay and Auskerry Burra Sound between Hoy and Graemsay Clestrain Sound between Mainland Orkney and Graemsay Eynhallow Sound separating Rousay from Mainland Orkney Gairsay Sound between Gairsay and Wyre Gutter Sound between Rysa Little and Fara Holm Sound between Burray, Lamb Holm and Mainland Orkney Hoy Sound between Hoy and Mainland Orkney Linga Sound between Linga Holm and Stronsay Sanday Sound, between Sanday and Stronsay Shapinsay Sound between Shapinsay and Mainland Orkney Sound of Hoxa between South Ronaldsay and Flotta Switha Sound between Switha and Flotta The North Sound between Westray and Sanday Water Sound between Burray and South Ronaldsay Weddell Sound between Fara and Flotta Clachan Sound between Seil and mainland Argyll.

Cuan Sound between Seil and Luing Cuillin Sound between Rùm and Skye Inner Sound between Raasay and the Applecross peninsula Shuna Sound between Luing and Shuna Sound of Arisaig between mainland Lochaber the Small Isles Sound of Canna between Rùm and Canna Sound of Gigha between Gigha and Kintyre Sound of Islay between Islay and Jura Sound of Iona between Iona and Mull Sound of Jura between Jura and Knapdale Sound of Luing between Luing and Lunga Sound of Mull between Mull and Morvern Sound of Raasay between Raasay and Skye Sound of Rum between Rùm and Eigg Sound of Sleat between Sleat and Knoydart Sound of Barra between Barra and South Uist Sound of Berneray between Barra Head and Mingulay Sound of Harris between Harris and North Uist Sound of Shiant between Lewis and the Shiant Islands Sound of Sandray between Sandray and Vatersay Soay Sound between Soay Mòr and Harris Kilbrannan Sound between Kintyre and Arran Sound of Bute between Bute and Arran Firths of Scotland - substantial estuaries.

List of sea lochs in Scotland Category:Scottish coast Western Ferries who operate a number of vessels named Sound of.... after some of the above locations. Murray, W. H; the Companion Guide to the West Highlands of Scotland. London. Collins. "Get-a-Map" Ordnance Survey Retrieved 4 January 2009


A sneckdown or snowy neckdown is a curb extension caused by snowfall. A natural form of traffic calming, sneckdowns show where a street can be narrowed to slow motor vehicle speeds and shorten pedestrian crossing distances. Coined by Streetsblog founder Aaron Naparstek, popularized by Streetfilms director Clarence Eckerson, Jr. and spread via social media, the term first appeared on Twitter on January 2, 2014 at 11:19pm EST. Other Twitter hashtags that have been used to describe snow-based traffic-calming measures include #plowza, #slushdown, #snovered and #snowspace. Shortens pedestrian crossing time Highlights unused road space Calms vehicle traffic Allows planners and road engineers to see possible modifications to road structures Encourages slower vehicle speeds, increasing safety for all road users, including pedestrians Reduce asphalt surfaces, increase plant surfaces, improve the absorption of rainwater by the soil, reduce runoff and floods Narrowing road reduces time for driver to react when pedestrian steps on the road Large vehicles are wider than their tracks on snow, so pedestrian can be hit by vehicle mirrors, corners or outstanding parts of the vehicle body/trailer In case of a traffic collision narrow road is blocked On narrow road there is no way to yield to emergency vehicles as required by the rules Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaBaltimore and 48th Street: A sneckdown inspired permanent upgrades to the pedestrian environment at this intersection in 2011.

In the 1980s, some planners in Australia distributed cake flour in intersections to observe patterns of vehicle movement hours later. Undriven Snow The Economist Sneckdown: Using Snow to Design Safer Streets BBC What the Heck is a Sneckdown? Treehugger 2014's Endless Snow Has at Least Been Good for Transportation Nerds Atlantic Cities "Sneckdowns" Reveal the Street Space Cars Don't Use Greater Greater Washington Sneckdowns: How snowstorms can teach us to build smarter roads The Week The'sneckdown': Nature's pedestrian island WPIX11 News NYC

Asian Tennis Federation

The Asian Tennis Federation is a non-profit organization affiliated with the International Tennis Federation. It is a continental body of national tennis associations of Asian countries; the ATF's main objectives are to raise the quality standard of Asian tennis and to popularize tennis sport among the peoples of Asia. There are 44 member associations who represents their respective nations; the ATF works with the International Tennis Federation and supports its member associations through the implementation of a wide range of programs. The board of directors is the elected group of members from national tennis bodies of Asian nations, the current list of members is:- Asia is by far the most populous continent but tennis still remains a sport under development. Besides a couple of Asian nations like India and Japan who have produced some world class players, tennis does not have a long and fruitful history; the only Asian to win a single tennis grand slam is Chinese women Li Na, who won both the woman’s French Open 2011 and Australian Open 2014, with over 100 million people watching in China.

She grew up playing badminton and only switched over to tennis because a coach saw her potential for the sport. But the backward Chinese tennis coaching she received in her early days turned her against the game and she quit for two years only to come back when China tennis authorities allowed her to take the reins and hire a coach to her liking without regards of the costs. After Li Na had won the two grandslam tournaments, everyone start to know tennis in China. In a country like China interest in the tennis sport is much at the lead level compared to other Asian countries. If you weren't a lead level player, maybe you are wasting your time, taking away from study or education, but we've seen in the last couple of years that mindset changing, in China in particular, Ben Slack, Tennis Australia's head of international business. The Women's Tennis Association announced in 2017 that it has signed a 10-year deal to move its finals tournament to Shenzhen, a dynamic city in China south, starting from next year.

The deal will see the total prize money on offer double to a whopping US$14 million. Tennis is expensive and most Asian countries are still a developing economy, which means the standard of living is comparatively less and people spend their money on necessities rather than tennis racquets. There are 289 futures and challengers in a year in Europe, while Asia in comparison only has 61 of these tournaments. South America has 81, where there are only ten states and where players from the other continents go due to remoteness; the number of tournaments in Asia is increasing and with it the level of the sport. In the next 10 years, the Asian region, should produce some exciting players; this is a list of official sponsors of ATF: Wilson California Products – Official Supplier of Court Surfaces Yonex – Official Racket of the Asian Tennis Federation Rebound Ace All India Tennis Association Lawn Tennis Association of Thailand Sri Lanka Tennis Association Qatar Tennis Federation Uzbekistan Tennis Federation

Jefferson Township, Ross County, Ohio

Jefferson Township is one of the sixteen townships of Ross County, United States. The 2000 census found 967 people in the township. Located in the southeastern corner of the county, it borders the following townships: Liberty Township - north Harrison Township, Vinton County - northeast Jackson Township, Pike County - southeast Jackson Township, Jackson County - southwest Franklin Township - westNo municipalities are located in Jefferson Township, although the unincorporated community of Richmond Dale lies in the township's center, it is one of twenty-four Jefferson Townships statewide. The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.

Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website