Scioa Governorate

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Italian East Africa. In violet the Scioa Governorate

Shewa Governorate, also called Scioa Governorate (Governo dello Scioa in Italian), was one of the six governorates of Italian East Africa. The administrative capital was at Addis Abeba.

History[edit]

Coat of Arms of Addis Abeba Governorate (1936-1938)

The Governatorate of Scioa in the Africa Orientale Italiana was one of the six in which was divided this imperial colony of Italy between 1936 and 1941. Originally it was called "Governorato di Addis Abeba", but in 1939 the name was changed to show the region of Scioa around the area of Addis Abeba, this was done because areas of the nearby governorates of Harrar, Gallo-Sidamo and Amhara were included in it.

The "Governo dello Scioa" was the only area of former Ethiopia fully pacified and rid of Ethiopian guerrilla in 1939, that allowed a huge development of infrastructures (roads like the Stada Imperiale between Asmara and Addis Abeba, buildings, dams, etc..) with the creation of a state-of-the-art "Addis Abeba Urbanistic and Architectural Plan" [1] and a beginning of colonization in agricultural areas assigned to Italian colonists. Even some industrial facilities were developed: for example at Addis Alem a huge factory for the production of slaked lime was established in 1938, and in its first year of production it turned out 30,000 hundredweights of the material.

Coat of Arms of Scioa Governorate in 1939

The total area of the Scioa Governorate was initially in 1936 more than 7000 km2 (with 300000 inhabitants), but in 1939 was increased to nearly 65000 km2 and the population was more than one million and half inhabitants. Up to 85% of the 40000 Italians of Ethiopia lived in this governorate, when the Allies conquered in spring 1941 all Italian Ethiopia,[2] on October 1939 the Italian population of Addis Abeba was 35,441 of which 30.232 were male (85,3%) and 5,209 female (14,7%): in 1939 nearly 800 Italo-ethiopian children were born from them.[3]

Governators[edit]

Coat of Arms of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana)
Governorate of Addis Abeba
Governorate of Scioa

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Addis Abeba 1939 Urbanistic and Architectural Plan Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Beltrami, Vanni. "Italia d'oltremare. Storie dei territori italiani dalla conquista alla caduta" Sezione: Addis Abeba - Scioa
  3. ^ Emigrazione italiana in Etiopia (in Italian)

Bibliography[edit]

Beltrami, Vanni. "Italia d'oltremare. Storie dei territori italiani dalla conquista alla caduta." Edizioni Nuova Cultura. Roma, 2013 ISBN 978-88-6134-702-1 [1]