The Pazzi were a noble Florentine family in the Middle Ages. Their main trade during the fifteenth century was banking. In the aftermath of the Pazzi conspiracy in 1478, members of the family were banished from Florence and their property was confiscated; the traditional story is that the family was founded by Pazzo di Ranieri, first man over the walls during the Siege of Jerusalem of 1099, during the First Crusade, who returned to Florence with flints from the Holy Sepulchre, which were kept at Santi Apostoli and used on Holy Saturday to re-kindle fire in the city.:131 The historical basis of this legend has been in question since the work of Luigi Passerini Orsini de' Rilli in the mid-nineteenth century. The first historical figure in the family is the Jacopo de' Pazzi il Vecchio, a captain of the Florentine cavalry at the battle of Montaperti on 4 September 1260, whose hand was treacherously severed by Bocca degli Abati, causing the standard to fall, his son Pazzino di Jacopo de' Pazzi was a follower of Charles de Valois.
Andrea de' Pazzi was the patron of the chapter-house for the Franciscan community at the Basilica of Santa Croce and commissioned construction of the Pazzi Chapel. His son Jacopo de' Pazzi became head of the family in 1464.:131Guglielmo di Antonio de' Pazzi married Bianca de' Medici, sister of Lorenzo de' Medici, in 1460. Francesco de' Pazzi was one of the instigators of the Pazzi Conspiracy in 1477–78. He, Jacopo de' Pazzi and Jacopo's brother Renato de' Pazzi were executed after the plot failed.:141Raffaele de' Pazzi was a condottiere. Maria Maddalena de' Pazzi was a Carmelite nun and mystic. Construction began in 1442 in a cloister of the Franciscan church of Santa Croce; the High-Renaissance design is restrained and sober, using pietra serena and white plaster in geometric designs unrelieved by colour, capped with a hemispherical dome, completed after Brunelleschi's death according to his plans. Palazzo Pazzi: The main seat of the family, at canto Pazzi, where Borgo degli Albizi crosses via del Proconsolo, was commissioned by Jacopo de' Pazzi, built circa 1462–72 to designs by Giuliano da Maiano.
Above its traditionally rusticated ground floor of the yellow-ochre sandstone, it had a then-novel stuccoed first and second floor, with delicate designs in the windows influenced by Brunelleschi. The central court is surrounded on three sides by round-headed arcading, with circular bosses in the spandrels. Palazzo Pazzi Ammannati: a smaller palace in the Borgo degli Albizi, between Palazzo Ramirez de Montalvo and the Palazzo Nonfinito, it houses a section of the Museum of Natural History of Florence, hosts temporary exhibitions. The façade is attributed to Bartolomeo Ammannati. Early in 1477 Francesco de' Pazzi, manager in Rome of the Pazzi bank, plotted with Girolamo Riario and protegé of the pope, Sixtus IV, with Francesco Salviati, whom Sixtus had made archbishop of Pisa, to assassinate Lorenzo de' Medici and his brother Giuliano to oust the Medici family as rulers of Florence.:131 Sixtus gave tacit support to the conspirators.:254 The assassination attempt was made during mass in the Duomo of Florence on 26 April 1478.
Giuliano was killed. He was tortured hanged from the Palazzo della Signoria next to the decomposing corpse of Salviati, he was buried at Santa Croce. It was dragged through the streets and propped up at the door of Palazzo Pazzi, where the rotting head was mockingly used as a door-knocker. From there it was thrown into the Arno, their name and their coat of arms were perpetually suppressed. The name was erased from public registers, all buildings and streets carrying it were renamed, their shield with its dolphins was obliterated. Anyone named. After the overthrow of Piero de' Medici in 1494, members of the Pazzi family were able to return to Florence
The Paschal cycle, in the Eastern Orthodox Church, is the cycle of the moveable feasts built around Pascha. The cycle consists of ten weeks before and seven weeks after Pascha; the ten weeks before Pascha are known as the period of the Triodion. This period includes the three weeks preceding Great Lent, the forty days of Lent, Holy Week; the 50 days following Pascha are called the Pentecostarion. The Sunday of each week has a special commemoration, named for the Gospel reading assigned to that day. Certain other weekdays have special commemorations of their own; the entire cycle revolves around Pascha. The weeks before Pascha end on Sunday; this is. Starting on Pascha, the weeks again begin on Sunday. While the Pentecostarion closes after All Saints Sunday, the Paschal cycle continues throughout the entire year, until the beginning of the next Pre-Lenten period; the Tone of the Week, the Epistle and Gospel readings at the Divine Liturgy, the 11 Matins Gospels with their accompanying hymns are dependent on it.
Zacchaeus Sunday or Sunday of the Canaanite: 11th Sunday before Pascha The Publican and the Pharisee: 10th Sunday before Pascha The Prodigal Son: 9th Sunday before Pascha The Last Judgment.
Easter eggs called Paschal eggs, are decorated eggs that are used as gifts on the occasion of Easter. As such, Easter eggs are common during the season of Eastertide; the oldest tradition is to use dyed and painted chicken eggs, but a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs wrapped in colored foil, hand-carved wooden eggs, or plastic eggs filled with confectionery such as chocolate. However, real eggs continue to be used in Eastern European tradition. Although eggs, in general, were a traditional symbol of fertility and rebirth, in Christianity, for the celebration of Eastertide, Easter eggs symbolize the empty tomb of Jesus, from which Jesus resurrected. In addition, one ancient tradition was the staining of Easter eggs with the colour red "in memory of the blood of Christ, shed as at that time of his crucifixion." This custom of the Easter egg can be traced to early Christians of Mesopotamia, from there it spread into Russia and Siberia through the Orthodox Churches, into Europe through the Catholic and Protestant Churches.
This Christian use of eggs may have been influenced by practices in "pre-dynastic period in Egypt, as well as amid the early cultures of Mesopotamia and Crete". The practice of decorating eggshells in general is ancient, with decorated, engraved ostrich eggs found in Africa which are 60,000 years old. In the pre-dynastic period of Egypt and the early cultures of Mesopotamia and Crete, eggs were associated with death and rebirth, as well as with kingship, with decorated ostrich eggs, representations of ostrich eggs in gold and silver, were placed in graves of the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians as early as 5,000 years ago; these cultural relationships may have influenced early Christian and Islamic cultures in those areas, as well as through mercantile and political links from those areas around the Mediterranean. The Christian custom of Easter eggs started among the early Christians of Mesopotamia, who stained eggs with red colouring "in memory of the blood of Christ, shed at His crucifixion".
The Christian Church adopted the custom, regarding the eggs as a symbol of the resurrection of Jesus, with the Roman Ritual, the first edition of, published in 1610 but which has texts of much older date, containing among the Easter Blessings of Food, one for eggs, along with those for lamb and new produce. The blessing is for consumption rather than decorated. Lord, let the grace of your blessing + come upon these eggs, that they be healthful food for your faithful who eat them in thanksgiving for the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ, who lives and reigns with you forever and ever. Sociology professor Kenneth Thompson discusses the spread of the Easter egg throughout Christendom, writing that "use of eggs at Easter seems to have come from Persia into the Greek Christian Churches of Mesopotamia, thence to Russia and Siberia through the medium of Orthodox Christianity. From the Greek Church the custom was adopted by either the Roman Catholics or the Protestants and spread through Europe."
Both Thompson, as well as British orientalist Thomas Hyde state that in addition to dyeing the eggs red, the early Christians of Mesopotamia stained Easter eggs green and yellow. Influential 19th century folklorist and philologist Jacob Grimm speculates, in the second volume of his Deutsche Mythologie, that the folk custom of Easter eggs among the continental Germanic peoples may have stemmed from springtime festivities of a Germanic goddess known in Old English as Ēostre and known in Old High German as *Ostara: The heathen Easter had much in common with May-feast and the reception of spring in matter of bonfires. Through long ages there seem to have lingered among the people Easter-games so-called, which the church itself had to tolerate: I allude to the custom of Easter eggs, to the Easter tale which preachers told from the pulpit for the people's amusement, connecting it with Christian reminiscences. Although one of the Christian traditions are to use dyed or painted chicken eggs, a modern custom is to substitute chocolate eggs, or plastic eggs filled with candy such as jelly beans.
These eggs can be hidden for children to find on Easter morning, which may be left by the Easter Bunny. They may be put in a basket filled with real or artificial straw to resemble a bird's nest; the Easter egg tradition may have merged into the celebration of the end of the privations of Lent in the West. It was traditional to use up all of the household's eggs before Lent began. Eggs were forbidden during Lent as well as on other traditional fast days in Western Christianity. In Eastern Christianity, meat and dairy are all prohibited during the Lenten fast; this established the tradition of Pancake Day being celebrated on Shrove Tuesday. This day, the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday when Lent begins, is known as Mardi Gras, a French phrase which translates as "Fat Tuesday" to mark the last consumption of eggs and dairy before Lent begins. In the Orthodox Church, Great Lent begins on Clean Monday, rather than Wednesday, so the household's dairy products would be used up in the preceding week, called Cheesefare Week.
During Lent, since chickens would not stop producing eggs during this time, a larger than usual store might be available at the end of the fast. This surplus, if any, had to be eaten to prevent spoiling. With the coming of Easter, the eating of eggs resumes; some families cook a special meatloaf with eggs in it to be eaten with the Easter dinner. One would have been forced to ha
Dormition of the Mother of God
The Dormition of the Mother of God, Albanian: Fjetja e Shën Marisë, is a Great Feast of the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches which commemorates the "falling asleep" or death of Mary the Theotokos, her bodily resurrection before being taken up into heaven. It is celebrated on 15 August as the Feast of the Dormition of the Mother of God; the Armenian Apostolic Church celebrates the Dormition not on a fixed date, but on the Sunday nearest 15 August. The death or Dormition of Mary is not recorded in the Christian canonical scriptures. Hippolytus of Thebes, a 7th- or 8th-century author, claims in his preserved chronology to the New Testament that Mary lived for 11 years after the death of Jesus, dying in AD 41; the term Dormition expresses the belief that the Virgin died without suffering, in a state of spiritual peace. This belief does not rest on any scriptural basis, but is affirmed by Orthodox Christian Holy Tradition, it is testified to in some old Apocryphal writings, but neither the Orthodox Church nor other Christians regard these as possessing scriptural authority.
The Feast of the Dormition is preceded by a two-week fast, referred to as the Dormition Fast. From August 1 to August 14 Orthodox and Eastern Catholics fast from red meat, meat products, dairy products, fish and wine; the Dormition Fast is a stricter fast than either the Nativity Fast or the Apostles' Fast, with only wine and oil allowed on weekends. As with the other Fasts of the Church year, there is a Great Feast. In some places, the services on weekdays during the Fast are similar to the services during Great Lent. Many churches and monasteries in the Russian tradition perform the lenten services on at least the first day of the Dormition Fast. In the Greek tradition, during the Fast either the Great Paraklesis or the Small Paraklesis is celebrated every evening except Saturday evening and the Eves of the Transfiguration and the Dormition; the first day of the Dormition Fast is a feast day called the Procession of the Cross, on which day it is customary to have an outdoor procession and perform the Lesser Blessing of Water.
In Eastern Orthodoxy it is the day of the Holy Seven Maccabees, Martyrs Abimus, Gurias, Eusebonus and Marcellus, their mother Solomonia, their teacher Eleazar. Therefore, the day is sometimes referred to as "Makovei", it is considered the First of the three "Feasts of the Saviour" in August, the Feast to the All-Merciful Saviour and the Most Holy Mother of God. In Orthodoxy and Catholicism, in the language of the scripture, death is called a "sleeping" or "falling asleep". A prominent example of this is the name of this feast; the Dormition tradition is associated with various places, most notably with Jerusalem, which contains Mary's Tomb and the Basilica of the Dormition, Ephesus, which contains the House of the Virgin Mary, with Constantinople where the Cincture of the Theotokos was enshrined from the 5th through 14th centuries. The first four Christian centuries are silent regarding the end of the Virgin Mary's life, though it is asserted, without surviving documentation, that the feast of the Dormition was being observed in Jerusalem shortly after the Council of Ephesus.
Up until the 5th century Church Fathers do not mention the death of the Virgin, before the 4th-5th century Dormition was not celebrated among the Christians as a holy day. For example, Epiphanius of Salamis, a Jew by birth, born in Phoenicia, converted to Christianity in adulthood and lived as a monk for over 20 years in Palestine from 335–340 to 362, writes in "Panarion" in "Contra antidicomarianitas" about the death of the Virgin Mary the following: If any think am mistaken, let them search through the scriptures any neither find Mary's death, nor whether or not she died, nor whether or not she was buried—even though John travelled throughout Asia, and yet, nowhere does. Scripture kept silence because of the overwhelming wonder, not to throw men's minds into consternation. For I dare not say—though I have my suspicions, I keep silent. Just as her death is not to be found, so I may have found some traces of the holy and blessed Virgin.... The holy virgin may have died and been buried—her falling asleep was with honour, her death in purity, her crown in virginity.
Or she may have been put to death—as the scripture says,'And a sword shall pierce through her soul'—her fame is among the martyrs and her holy body, by which light rose on the world, amid blessings. Or she may have remained alive. No one knows her end, but we must not honour the saints to excess. It is time for the error of those. Christians in the late 4th century had different opinions regarding Mary's death. For this reason, for example, wrote: Neither the letter of Scripture nor Tradition does not teach us that Mary had left this life as a con
Since its origins, Easter has been a time of celebration and feasting and many traditional Easter games and customs developed, such as egg rolling, egg tapping, pace egging, cascarones or confetti eggs, egg decorating. Today Easter is commercially important, seeing wide sales of greeting cards and confectionery such as chocolate Easter eggs as well as other Easter foods. Many non-Christians celebrate these features of the holiday while ignoring the religious aspects. Despite Malaysia being a Muslim majority country, Easter is celebrated in the states of Sabah and Sarawak in East Malaysia as there is a significant Christian indigenous population in both states. Many central and eastern European ethnic groups, including the Albanians, Belarusians, Croats, Georgians, Hungarians, Lithuanians, Poles, Russians, Slovaks and Ukrainians, decorate eggs for Easter. In Bulgaria, the Easter eggs are decorated on Saturday before Easter. Widespread tradition is to fight with eggs by pair, the one who's egg is the last surviving is called borak.
The tradition is to display the decorated eggs on the Easter table together with the Easter dinner consisting of roasted lamb, a salad called Easter salad, a sweet bread called kozunak. In the Czech Republic and some parts of Hungary, a tradition of spanking or whipping is carried out on Easter Monday. In the morning, men spank women with a special handmade whip called a pomlázka or korbáč; the pomlázka/korbáč consists of eight, 12 or 24 withies, is from half a metre to two meters long and decorated with coloured ribbons at the end. The spanking may be painful. A legend says that women should be spanked with a whip in order to keep their health and fertility during the whole next year. An additional purpose can be for men to exhibit their attraction to women. Traditionally, the spanked woman gives a coloured egg they've prepared by themselves as invitations to eat and drink and as a sign of her thanks to the man. If the visitor is a small boy, he is provided with sweets and a small amount of money.
In some regions, the women can get revenge in the afternoon or the following day when they can pour a bucket of cold water on any man. The habit varies across Slovakia and the Czech Republic. A similar tradition existed in Poland. In Germany, decorated eggs are hung on branches of trees to make them Easter egg trees. Eggs are used to dress wells for Easter, the Osterbrunnen, most prominently in the Fränkische Schweiz. In Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia, a basket of food is prepared, covered with a handmade cloth, brought to the church to be blessed. A typical Easter basket includes bread, colored eggs, horseradish, a type of nut cake called "potica". In Hungary, Southern Slovakia, Kárpátalja, Northern Serbia - Vojvodina, other territories with Hungarian-speaking communities, the day following Easter is called Locsoló Hétfő, "Watering Monday". Men visit families with girls and women. Water, perfume or perfumed water is sprinkled on the women and girls of the house by the visiting men, who are given in exchange an Easter egg.
Traditionally Easter ham, colored boiled eggs and horseradish sauce is consumed on Sunday morning. In Poland, white sausage and mazurek are typical Easter breakfast dishes; the butter lamb is a traditional addition to the Easter meal for many Polish Catholics. Butter is shaped by hand or in a lamb-shaped mold. Preparations for Easter celebration in Ukraine begin weeks before the feast day, with Great Lent being part of it; the Ukrainian Easter eggs include pysanky, driapanky etc. During the Easter Vigil a priest blesses the parishioners' Easter baskets, which include Easter eggs, butter, kovbasa, salt and a few other products. With this food, on their return home, people break their fast; the ritual is called'rozhovyny'. People visit their neighbours exchanging Easter greetings. Celebration of Easter in Ukraine is filled with many other customs and rituals, most of which are centuries-old. In Florence, the unique custom of the Scoppio del carro is observed in which a holy fire lit from stone shards from the Holy Sepulchre are used to light a fire during the singing of the Gloria of the Easter Sunday mass, used to ignite a rocket in the form of a dove, representing peace and the holy spirit, which following a wire in turn lights a cart containing pyrotechnics in the small square before the Cathedral.
Church bells are silent as a sign of mourning for one or more days before Easter in The Netherlands and France. This has led to an Easter tradition that says the bells fly out of their steeples to go to Rome, return on Easter morning bringing both colored eggs and hollow chocolate shaped like eggs or rabbits. In both The Netherlands and Dutch-speaking Belgium many of more modern traditions exist alongside the Easter Bell story; the bells leave for Rome on Holy Saturday, called "Stille Zaterdag" in Dutch. In the northern and eastern parts of the Netherlands, Easter Fires are lit on Easter Day at sunset. In French-spea
Santi Apostoli, Florence
The Church of Santi Apostoli is a Romanesque-style, Roman Catholic church in the historic center of Florence, in the Tuscany region of Italy. It is among the oldest church buildings in Florence; the church was built in the 11th century, though remodelled in the 15th and 16th centuries, is one of the few in the city to have maintained its High Middle Age features. Tradition recalls that Michelangelo convinced Bindo Altoviti, who planned to raise the ground level, not to rebuild, but instead preserve the church, it faces the Piazza del Limbo, so-called because in Medieval times it housed a cemetery for children and infants who had died before being baptized. It is adjacent to the Palazzo Borgherini-Rosselli del Turco. A slab on the façade attributes the foundation to Charlemagne and his paladin Roland, in the year 800, but scholars assign it to the 11th century. A small bell tower was added by Baccio d'Agnolo in the 16th century; the simple façade, in Romanesque style, has a portal attributed to Benedetto da Rovezzano.
The plan, with a nave and two aisles with a semicircular apse, still shows Palaeo-Christian influences. It has green marble columns from Prato with capitals stripped from ancient Roman remains; the richly decorated wooden ceiling was added in 1333. Noteworthy is the pavement, with a mosaic from the original edifice, restored with the contributions of outstanding Florentine families; the apse area has maintained the Romanesque appearance, with undecorated stones visible. The side chapels are from the 16th century. On the left of the apse are a polychrome terracotta tabernacle by Giovanni della Robbia. To right of the entrance is the tomb with the bust of Anna Ubaldi, mother of the Gran Priore del Bene, the bust was sculpted by Giovanni Battista Foggini; the 2nd chapel on the right, chapel of San Bartolomeo was completed in the 16th century. The right wall has a stucco depicting San Paolo, on the left wall the sepulchral monument of Piero del Bene. At the end of the nave above the door that leads to the Canon's hall is the sepulchral monument of Bindi di Stoldo Altoviti with a statue of Faith and two putti by followers of Bartolomeo Ammannati.
On the apse is the monument of Antonio Altoviti and the bust of Charlemagne and Antonio Altoviti by Giovanni Caccini. On the left nave is the monument to Oddo Altoviti (1507-1510 by Benedetto da Rovezzano; the 4th chapel on the left has an altarpiece with the Adoration of the Shepherds and on the wall, Archangel Raphael with Tobias and St Andrew Apostle (c 1560 by Maso da San Friano. The 3rd chapel on the left has an Archangel Michael defeats Lucifer (16th century by Alessandro Fei, the 2nd chapel has frescoes depicting the Glory of San Giovanni di Chantal by Matteo Bonechi; the first chapel has a Madonna and Angels a copy of a Paolo Schiavo on the facade of church. The church houses three flints putatively from the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem; these were putatively used to light the lamps of the tomb. Tradition holds that they were acquired in 1101 by Pazzino dei Pazzi, among the first Christians to scale the walls and lead to the capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade. From on, the Pazzi included a flaming cup in their coat of arms.
The flints are linked to the ceremony of Lo Scoppio del Carro and the lighting of fireworks from the Portafuoco after a celebratory mass. __. Guida d'Italia, Firenze e provincia. Milan: Touring Club Italiano
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Depending on the specific denomination of Christianity, practices may include baptism, prayer, confirmation, burial rites, marriage rites and the religious education of children. Most denominations hold regular group worship services. Christianity developed during the 1st century CE as a Jewish Christian sect of Second Temple Judaism, it soon attracted Gentile God-fearers, which lead to a departure from Jewish customs, the establishment of Christianity as an independent religion. During the first centuries of its existence Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, to Ethiopia and some parts of Asia. Constantine the Great decriminalized it via the Edict of Milan; the First Council of Nicaea established a uniform set of beliefs across the Roman Empire.
By 380, the Roman Empire designated Christianity as the state religion. The period of the first seven ecumenical councils is sometimes referred to as the Great Church, the united full communion of the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, before their schisms. Oriental Orthodoxy split after the Council of Chalcedon over differences in Christology; the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church separated in the East–West Schism over the authority of the Pope. In 1521, Protestants split from the Catholic Church in the Protestant Reformation over Papal primacy, the nature of salvation, other ecclesiological and theological disputes. Following the Age of Discovery, Christianity was spread into the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, the rest of the world via missionary work and colonization. There are 2.3 billion Christians in the world, or 31.4% of the global population. Today, the four largest branches of Christianity are the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy.
Christianity and Christian ethics have played a prominent role in the development of Western civilization around Europe during late antiquity and the Middle Ages. In the New Testament, the names by which the disciples were known among themselves were "brethren", "the faithful", "elect", "saints" and "believers". Early Jewish Christians referred to themselves as'The Way' coming from Isaiah 40:3, "prepare the way of the Lord." According to Acts 11:26, the term "Christian" was first used in reference to Jesus's disciples in the city of Antioch, meaning "followers of Christ," by the non-Jewish inhabitants of Antioch. The earliest recorded use of the term "Christianity" was by Ignatius of Antioch, in around 100 AD. While Christians worldwide share basic convcitions, there are differences of interpretations and opinions of the Bible and sacred traditions on which Christianity is based. Concise doctrinal statements or confessions of religious beliefs are known as creeds, they began as baptismal formulae and were expanded during the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries to become statements of faith.
The Apostles' Creed is the most accepted statement of the articles of Christian faith. It is used by a number of Christian denominations for both liturgical and catechetical purposes, most visibly by liturgical churches of Western Christian tradition, including the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, Lutheranism and Western Rite Orthodoxy, it is used by Presbyterians and Congregationalists. This particular creed was developed between the 9th centuries, its central doctrines are those of God the Creator. Each of the doctrines found in this creed can be traced to statements current in the apostolic period; the creed was used as a summary of Christian doctrine for baptismal candidates in the churches of Rome. Its main points include: Belief in God the Father, Jesus Christ as the Son of God, the Holy Spirit The death, descent into hell and ascension of Christ The holiness of the Church and the communion of saints Christ's second coming, the Day of Judgement and salvation of the faithful; the Nicene Creed was formulated in response to Arianism, at the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople in 325 and 381 and ratified as the universal creed of Christendom by the First Council of Ephesus in 431.
The Chalcedonian Definition, or Creed of Chalcedon, developed at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, though rejected by the Oriental Orthodox churches, taught Christ "to be acknowledged in two natures, unchangeably, inseparably": one divine and one human, that both natures, while perfect in themselves, are also united into one person. The Athanasian Creed, received in the Western Church as having the same status as the Nicene and Chalcedonian, says: "We worship one God in Trinity, Trinity in Unity. Many evangelical Protestants reject creeds as definitive statements of faith while agreeing with some or all of the substance of the creeds. Most Baptists do not use creeds "in that they have not sought to establish binding