National Historic Site (United States)
National Historic Site is a designation for an recognized area of national historic significance in the United States. An NHS contains a single historical feature directly associated with its subject. A related but separate designation, the National Historical Park, is an area that extends beyond single properties or buildings, its resources include a mix of historic and sometimes significant natural features; as of 2018, there are 89 NHSs. Most NHPs and NHSs are managed by the National Park Service; some federally designated sites are owned by local authorities or owned, but are authorized to request assistance from the NPS as affiliated areas. One property, Grey Towers National Historic Site, is managed by the U. S. Forest Service; as of October 15, 1966, all historic areas, including NHPs and NHSs, in the NPS are automatically listed on the National Register of Historic Places. There are about 90,000 NRHP sites, the large majority of which are neither owned nor managed by the NPS. Of these, about 2,500 have been designated at the highest status as National Historic Landmark sites.
National Historic Sites are federally owned and administered properties, though some remain under private or local government ownership. There are 89 NHSs, of which 77 are official NPS units, 11 are NPS affiliated areas, 1 is managed by the US Forest Service. Derived from the Historic Sites Act of 1935, a number of NHSs were established by United States Secretaries of the Interior, but most have been authorized by acts of Congress. In 1937, the first NHS was created in Salem, Massachusetts in order to preserve and interpret the maritime history of New England and the United States. There is one International Historic Site in the US park system, a unique designation given to Saint Croix Island, Maine, on the New Brunswick border; the title, given to the site of the first permanent French settlement in America, recognizes the influence that has had on both Canada and the United States. The NPS does not distinguish among these designations in terms of their preservation or management policies. In the United States, sites are "historic", while parks are "historical".
The NPS explains that a site can be intrinsically historic, while a park is a modern legal invention. As such, a park is not itself "historic", but can be called "historical" when it contains historic resources, it is the resources. Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park was formally established in 1998 by the United States and Canada, the year of the centennial of the gold rush the park commemorates; the park comprises Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park in Washington and Alaska, Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site in British Columbia. It was this trail which so many prospectors took in hopes of making their fortunes in the Klondike River district of Yukon. National Historic Sites List of World Heritage Sites in North America Designation of National Park System Units
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail known as the Appalachian Trail or the A. T. is a marked hiking trail in the Eastern United States extending between Springer Mountain in Georgia and Mount Katahdin in Maine. The trail is about 2,200 miles long, though the exact length changes over time as parts are modified or rerouted; the Appalachian Trail Conservancy describes the Appalachian Trail as the longest hiking-only trail in the world. More than 2 million people are said to take a hike on part of the trail at least once each year; the idea of the Appalachian Trail came about in 1921. The trail itself was completed in 1937 after more than a decade of work, although improvements and changes continue, it is maintained by 31 trail clubs and multiple partnerships, managed by the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, the nonprofit Appalachian Trail Conservancy. Most of the trail is in forest or wild lands, although some portions traverse towns and farms, it passes through 14 states: Georgia, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine.
Thru-hikers attempt to hike the trail in its entirety in a single season. The number of thru-hikes per year has increased with 715 northbound and 133 southbound thru-hikes reported for 2017. Many books, documentaries and fan organizations are dedicated to the pursuit; some hike from one end to the other turn around and thru-hike the trail the other way, known as a "yo-yo". An extension known as the International Appalachian Trail continues northeast, crossing Maine and cutting through Canada to Newfoundland, with sections continuing in Greenland, through Europe, into Morocco. Other separate extensions continue the southern end of the Appalachian range in Alabama and continue south into Florida, creating what is known as the Eastern Continental Trail; the Appalachian Trail, the Continental Divide Trail, the Pacific Crest Trail form what is known as the Triple Crown of Hiking in the United States. The trail was conceived by Benton MacKaye, a forester who wrote his original plan—called "An Appalachian Trail, A Project in Regional Planning"—shortly after the death of his wife in 1921.
MacKaye's idea detailed a grand trail that would connect a series of farms and wilderness work/study camps for city-dwellers. In 1922, at the suggestion of Major William A. Welch, director of the Palisades Interstate Park Commission, his idea was publicized by Raymond H. Torrey with a story in the New York Evening Post under a full-page banner headline reading "A Great Trail from Maine to Georgia!" The idea was adopted by the new Palisades Interstate Park Trail Conference as their main project. On October 7, 1923, the first section of the trail, from Bear Mountain west through Harriman State Park to Arden, New York, was opened. MacKaye called for a two-day Appalachian Trail conference to be held in March 1925 in Washington, D. C; this meeting inspired the formation of the Appalachian Trail Conference. A retired judge named Arthur Perkins and his younger associate Myron Avery took up the cause. In 1929, a member of the Connecticut Forest and Park Association and its Blue Blazed Trails committee, found Ned Anderson, a farmer in Sherman, who took on the task of mapping and blazing the Connecticut leg of the trail.
It ran from Dog Tail Corners in Webatuck, New York, which borders Kent, Connecticut, at Ashley Falls, 50 miles through the northwest corner of the state, up to Bear Mountain at the Massachusetts border. Anderson's efforts helped spark renewed interest in the trail, Avery was able to bring other states on board. Upon taking over the ATC, Avery adopted the more practical goal of building a simple hiking trail, he and MacKaye clashed over the ATC's response to a major commercial development along the trail's path. Avery reigned as Chairman of the ATC from 1932 to 1952. Avery became the first to walk the trail end-to-end, though not as a thru-hike, in 1936. In August 1937, the trail was completed to Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine, the ATC shifted its focus toward protecting the trail lands and mapping the trail for hikers. Many of the trail's present highlights were not part of the trail in 1937: Roan Mountain, North Carolina and Tennessee. Except for places where the Civilian Conservation Corps was brought in, the original trail climbed straight up and down mountains, creating rough hiking conditions and a treadway prone to severe erosion.
The ATC's trail crews and volunteer trail-maintaining clubs have relocated or rehabilitated miles of trail since that time. In 1936, a 121-day Maine to Georgia veteran's group funded and supported thru-hike was reported to have been completed, with all but three miles of the new trail cleared and blazed, by six Boy Scouts from New York City and their guides; the completed thru-hike was much recorded and accepted by the Appalachian Long Distance Hikers Association. In 1938, the trail sustained major damage from a hurricane; this happened right before the start of World War II
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail is part of the U. S. National Trails System, it recognizes the Revolutionary War Overmountain Men, Patriots from what is now East Tennessee who crossed the Great Smoky Mountains and fought in the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina. The OVHT follows the route from Abingdon, Virginia at the Abingdon Muster Grounds, fording the Watauga River at Sycamore Shoals through present day Elizabethton, crossing the Doe River twice near both Hampton and Roan Mountain and ascending over the steep Great Smoky Mountains of Tennessee and North Carolina, on through South Carolina to the site of the Battle of Kings Mountain now within Kings Mountain National Military Park; the trail network consists of a 330-mile corridor, including a 70-mile branch from Elkin, North Carolina, that joins the main route at Morganton, North Carolina. In Rutherford County, North Carolina, the trail follows the approximate location of Rock Road through the Gilbert Town Historic District.
Fifty-seven miles of OVHT are developed for public use, development continues on the remaining sections. The official sections of the trail were established through agreements with current landowners and have overlapping designations. All certified segments are identified through the use of signs displaying the trail logo or a white triangular blaze. A parallel Commemorative Motor Route travels along state highways and, in some stretches travels over the old historic roadway; the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail is a cooperative effort of the National Park Service, the U. S. Forest Service, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Overmountain Victory Trail Association, local governments, local citizens' associations, local historical societies and the states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina. In anticipation of both the upcoming American Bicentennial of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the 1980 bicentennial of the Battle of King's Mountain, many citizens in the five states along the original routes—which included Georgia --- reenacted and hiked along the segments of the Appalachian mountain trails and highways following the path of the actual 1780 march to the battle site located near present-day Kings Mountain, North Carolina, on the North Carolina-South Carolina border.
Hikers, military reenactors, scouts have long followed the segments of the famous overmountain victory trail, in 1975 three Elizabethton boy scouts were among those who completed the first re-enactment of the overmountain march from Elizabethton to King's Mountain and were met at a ceremony by U. S. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller at the Kings Mountain National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina. Many of these same OVT hikers and area citizens sought federal recognition of the overmountain march to the Battle of King's Mountain as being analogous to the spontaneous response of the patriot Minutemen at Lexington and Concord during the American Revolutionary War. OVT supporters worked with representatives of other American trails to create what became known as the National Trails System and carried scrolls petitioning Congress for national designation of the OVT route; the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail was designated as a national historic trail during September 1980 by federal legislation authorized by the U.
S. Congress, in 1980, President Jimmy Carter—recognizing the historical significance of the frontier patriots marching over the Appalachian Mountains to defeat the Loyalist army at the Battle of King's Mountain—signed federal law designating the historical overmountain route as the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, the first National Historic Trail established within the eastern United States 200 years after the event it commemorates. Battle of Musgrove Mill The National Park Service: Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Special Silver Anniversary Report 1980-2005
Shiloh National Military Park
Shiloh National Military Park preserves the American Civil War Shiloh and Corinth battlefields. The main section of the park is in the unincorporated town of Shiloh, about nine miles south of Savannah, with an additional area located in the city of Corinth, Mississippi, 23 miles southwest of Shiloh; the Battle of Shiloh began a six-month struggle for the key railroad junction at Corinth. Afterward, Union forces marched from Pittsburg Landing to take Corinth in a May siege withstood an October Confederate counter-attack; the visitor center provides films and a self-guided Auto Tour. The Battle of Shiloh was one of the first major battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War; the two-day battle, April 6 and April 7, 1862, involved about 65,000 Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant and Don Carlos Buell and 44,000 Confederates under Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard; the battle resulted in nearly 24,000 killed and missing. The two days of fighting did not end in a decisive tactical victory for either side —the Union held the battlefield but failed to pursue the withdrawing Confederate forces.
However, it was a decisive strategic defeat for the Confederate forces that had massed to oppose Grant's and Buell's invasion through Tennessee. After the Battle of Shiloh, the Union forces proceeded to capture Corinth and the critical railroad junction there; the battlefield is named after Shiloh Methodist Church, a small log church near Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. Pittsburg Landing is the point on the Tennessee River. Shiloh Military Park Landmarks Total area: 3,996.64 acres Federal area: 3,941.64 acres Nonfederal area: 55 acres The Shiloh National Military Park was established on December 27, 1894. In 1904, Basil Wilson Duke was appointed commissioner of Shiloh National Military Park by President Theodore Roosevelt. There were requests of local farmers who had grown tired of their pigs rooting up the remains of soldiers that had fallen during the battle, insisting that the federal government do something about it; the park was transferred from the War Department to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933.
As with all historic areas administered by the National Park Service, the military park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. On September 22, 2000, sites associated with the Corinth battlefield were added to the park; the Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites was designated a National Historic Landmark on May 6, 1991. The National Park Travelers Club held its 2013 convention at Shiloh; the Civil War Trust and its federal and local partners have acquired and preserved 1,317 acres of the battlefield in more than 25 different transactions since 2001. Most of this land has been sold or conveyed to the National Park Service and incorporated into the park. Permanent exhibitions, films and self-guided 12-mile Auto Tour, stopping at the Peach Orchard, the Hornet's Nest and General Johnston's death site. Shiloh National Cemetery is in the northeast corner of the park adjacent to the visitor center and bookstore. Buried within its 20.09 acres are 3584 Union dead, who were re-interred in the cemetery created after the war, in 1866.
There are two Confederate dead interred in the cemetery. The cemetery operations were transferred from War Department to the National Park Service in 1933. An unknown number of Confederate dead are interred in mass graves in the park; the Shiloh battlefield has within its boundaries the well preserved prehistoric Shiloh Indian Mounds Site, a National Historic Landmark. The site was inhabited during the Early Mississippian period from about 1000 to 1450 CE. Memphis and Charleston Railroad List of Mississippian sites The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. NPS website: Shiloh National Military Park Civil War Trails NPS Shiloh Auto Tour Map linked to photo galleries Guide to records for Shiloh National Cemetery, 1913 - 1933 Guide to records of Shiloh National Military Park Guide to records to Shiloh National Cemetery, 1891-1932 U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Shiloh National Military Park Shiloh National Military Park at Find a Grave
Crossville is a city in and the county seat of Cumberland County, United States. It is part of TN Micropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 10,795 at the 2010 census. Crossville developed at the intersection of a branch of the Great Stage Road, which connected the Knoxville area with the Nashville area, the Kentucky Stock Road, a cattle drovers' path connecting Middle Tennessee with Kentucky and extending south to Chattanooga; these two roads are paralleled by modern US-70 and US-127, respectively. Around 1800, an early American settler named Samuel Lambeth opened a store at this junction, the small community that developed around it became known as Lambeth's Crossroads; the store was located at what has become the modern intersection of Main Street and Stanley Street, just south of the courthouse. By the time a post office was established in the 1830s, the community had taken the name of "Crossville". In the early 1850s, James Scott, a merchant from nearby Sparta, purchased the Lambeth store and renamed it Scott's Tavern.
When Cumberland County was formed in 1856, being nearest the center of the county, was chosen as county seat. Scott donated the initial 40 acres for the erection of a town square. Crossville and Cumberland County suffered rampant pillaging throughout the Civil War as the well-developed roads made the area accessible to both occupying Union and Confederate forces and bands of renegade guerrillas. With divided communities and families, there was vicious guerrilla warfare, residents suffered as if there were major battles in the area; the county was divided throughout the conflict, sending a equal number of troops to both sides. After World War I, U. S. 70 helped connect the area to markets for its produce and goods. Additional highways built after World War II improved transportation in the region. During the Great Depression, the federal government's Subsistence Homestead Division initiated a housing project south of Crossville known as the Cumberland Homesteads; the project's purpose was to provide small farms for several hundred impoverished families.
The project's recreational area would become the nucleus for Cumberland Mountain State Park. Crossville was a sundown town as late as the 1950s, with a sign at the city limits warning African Americans not to stay after nightfall. Crossville is located at the center of Cumberland County at 35°57′15″N 85°1′53″W; the city is situated atop the Cumberland Plateau amidst the headwaters of the Obed River, which slices a gorge north of Crossville en route to its confluence with the Emory River to the northeast. Crossville is halfway between the plateau's eastern escarpment along Walden Ridge and its western escarpment along the Highland Rim. Several small lakes are located on the outskirts of Crossville, including Lake Tansi to the south, Lake Holiday to the west, Byrd Lake at nearby Cumberland Mountain State Park; the average elevation of Crossville is 1,890 feet above sea level. Crossville developed at the intersection of two major stage roads by which settlers moved through the area; the roads were widened and turned into paved roads.
Two major federal highways: U. S. Route 70, which traverses Tennessee from east to west, U. S. Route 127, which traverses Tennessee from north to south, now follow the old routes. Interstate 40, which runs parallel to U. S. 70, passes through the northern part of Crossville. Crossville is 35 miles east of Cookeville, 80 miles north of Chattanooga, 70 miles west of Knoxville. According to the United States Census Bureau, Crossville has a total area of 20.3 square miles, of which 20.0 square miles is land and 0.4 square miles, or 1.95%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,981 people, 3,795 households, 2,440 families residing in the city; the population density was 609.2 people per square mile. There were 4,268 housing units at an average density of 289.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.02% White, 0.14% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.43% of the population.
There were 3,795 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.79. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,796, the median income for a family was $33,207. Males had a median income of $26,735 versus $20,217 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,066. About 21.7% of families and 24.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.2% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.
Recent population estimates show the population of Crossville around 11,498 in 2008. Cumberland Mountain State Park is located south of Crossville; the Cumberland Homesteads are located south of Crossville. The Native Stone Museum, located in a 1930s-era Tennessee Highway Patrol station on the courthouse square, is dedicated to Crab Orchard Stone, a
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
The Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located at the border between Kentucky and Virginia, centered on the Cumberland Gap, a natural break in the Appalachian Mountains. The park lies in parts of Bell and Harlan counties in Kentucky, Claiborne County in Tennessee, Lee County in Virginia; the park contains the Kentucky-Virginia-Tennessee tri-state area, accessible via trail. The Cumberland Gap Visitor Center is located on U. S. Highway 25E just southeast of Middlesboro and just northwest of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel and Cumberland Gap, Tennessee; the visitor center features a museum with interactive exhibits about the Gap's role as a transportation corridor, an auditorium that shows films about the area's cultural and natural history, a book store and the Cumberland Crafts gift shop with crafts from Appalachia. The park is among the largest national parks in the eastern United States; as of 2010, 14,091 acres of this was designated as Recommended Wilderness.
Elevation varies from a low of 1,100 feet to a high of 3,500 feet. The park runs along the Cumberland Mountains, stretching about 20 miles with an average width of 1.6 miles. The park straddles a tri-state area encompassing land from Kentucky and Virginia, it includes the area of the Wilderness Road running through the passage across the Cumberland Plateau and through the Cumberland Gap, an important geological feature that facilitated travel for American settlers and Native Americans. It includes 24 known cave features ranging in size from around 20 feet to more than 16 miles in length. There are a number of large cliff systems in the park, the most prominent of, the 500 feet cliffs of White Rocks, located in the eastern portion of the area. At the northeastern end, the park sits adjacent to the Sillalah Creek Wildlife Management Area and the Martin's Fork Wildlife Management Area and State Natural Area; the climate of the area is mild, with hot and humid summers and mild winters, an average annual temperature of 54 °F.
The park contains over 62 miles of streams. With the exception of one, Little Yellow Creek, all of these originate from within the park, with those to the north of the main ridge flowing into the Cumberland River, those to the south flowing into the Powell River. Overall water quality in the park is good to fair, with some areas falling below recommended pH levels due to natural causes, others exceeding recommended levels of microorganisms due to contamination from campgrounds; the area of the park is 97% forested and contains 970 species of vascular plants, 90 of which are classified as sensitive or rare species. These include 108 non-native species of plants, 31 considered to be aggressive invasive plants; the park is home to at least 145 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, including the near-threatened bat, Myotis sodalis. The streams in the park house around 27 species of fish, including Chrosomus cumberlandensis, federally listed as an endangered species. Additionally, surveys have identified at least 36 species of amphibians.
Ecosystems in the park are threatened by a number of insect infestations from non-native pest species, including Dendroctonus frontalis, Adelges tsugae. The species Agrilus planipennis and Lymantria dispar dispar represent imminent threats from surrounding areas. Business leaders from Middlesboro, Kentucky meeting in Cincinnati for the Appalachian Logging Conference, proposed a Lincoln National Park, centered around Fern Lake as early as 1922. However, two bills introduced into the Kentucky State Legislature the following year by State Congressman John Robison both failed. Attempts in 1929 sought to create memorials for Civil War battles fought in the area, failed. In 1938, the National Park Service agreed to support a park of if the lands were donated to form one, the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Association was created, sparking more unsuccessful attempts in Kentucky, passage of a bill in Virginia in 1939 that paved the way for federal authorization; the park was established on June 11, 1940 by Franklin Roosevelt in order to "commemorate the story of the first doorway of the west".
It was authorized by Congress to occupy an area not to exceed 50,000 acres. The surrounding states purchased and deeded the land of the park to the federal government in 1955, the official opening took place in 1959. In 1992 the park purchased the area surrounding Gap Cave, owned. By 1996, the park had undergone some $280 million in improvements, including construction of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel. Toward the southern end of the park lies Fern Lake, created by an earthen dam in 1890, which provides water to the nearby town of Middlesboro, Kentucky; the area surrounding the lake was purchased by the park in four phases following the passage of the Fern Lake Conservation and Recreation Act, increasing the overall size of the park by 20%: Phases I and II, 1,850 acres of land purchased in 2008 from Ataya Hardwoods by The Trust for Public Land and transferred to the park Phase III, 1,268 acres of land purchased in 2009 from Molpus Woodlands Group Phase IV, 905 acres of land purchased in 2009 from Molpus Woodlands GroupAs of 2010 there were plans to acquire an additional 600 acres of land surrounding the lake.
As of 2018 the park had an estimated $15 million in deferred maintenance. The park includes a visitor's center, renovated in 2004, which features a museum and auditorium, providing exhibits on the area
Fall Creek Falls State Park
Fall Creek Falls State Resort Park is a state park in Van Buren and Bledsoe counties, in the U. S. state of Tennessee. The over 26,000-acre park is centered on the upper Cane Creek Gorge, an area known for its unique geological formations and scenic waterfalls; the park's namesake is the 256-foot Fall Creek Falls, the highest free-fall waterfall east of the Mississippi River. The Cane Creek Gorge presents as a large gash in the western edge of the Cumberland Plateau, stretching for some 15 miles from the Cane Creek Cascades to Cane Creek's mouth along the Caney Fork River. Cane Creek rises atop Little Mountain — which lines the plateau's eastern edge above Sequatchie Valley — and winds northward across the plateau. Just beyond its source, Cane Creek gains strength as it absorbs Meadow Creek and several smaller streams; as the creek enters the gorge, it drops several hundred feet in less than a mile, including 45 feet over Cane Creek Cascades and 85 feet over Cane Creek Falls. A few hundred meters north of Cane Creek Falls, Rockhouse Creek spills 125 feet over a plunge waterfall.
Over the next half-mile, Cane Creek absorbs Fall Creek and Piney Creek, both of which enter from smaller gorges to the immediate west. During this stretch, part of the creek disappears underground into limestone sinks and reemerges at a spring known as "Crusher Hole." Cane Creek continues to lose elevation before steadying near its confluence with Dry Fork. Beyond Dry Fork, the creek descends to the Highland Rim, where it empties into the Caney Fork River; the man-made Fall Creek Falls Lake, controlled by a dam, assures continuing flow of water to Fall Creek Falls. The lake dominates the park's southern section. Fall Creek Falls, a 256-foot plunge waterfall located just west of the creek's confluence with Cane Creek. A short trail leads from the parking lot atop the plateau down to the base of the gorge, giving access to the waterfall's plunge pool. Cane Creek Falls, an 85-foot plunge waterfall located along Cane Creek, above the creek's confluence with Rockhouse Creek and Fall Creek; the waterfall is visible from the Gorge Trail and from the base of the Cane Creek Gorge, which can be accessed via the Cable Trail.
Cane Creek Cascades, a 45-foot cascade located along Cane Creek, just above Cane Creek Falls. Rockhouse Falls, a 125-foot plunge waterfall that marks Rockhouse Creek's confluence with Cane Creek; the waterfall, which shares a plunge pool with Cane Creek Falls, is visible from the Gorge Trail and from the base of the Cane Creek Gorge. Piney Creek Falls, a 95-foot waterfall located along Piney Creek, a mile or so above its confluence with Cane Creek. Trails lead to an overlook above the falls. Coon Creek Falls, a 250-foot plunge waterfall that drops into the Fall Creek Gorge, nearly adjacent Fall Creek Falls, its proximity to Fall Creek Falls renders it less conspicuous. Lost Creek Falls, a 60-foot plunge waterfall where water emerges from a cave above the falls and disappears from the pool at the base. Cane Creek Overlook, located just off the Gorge Trail, looks out over Cane Creek Falls and Rockhouse Falls. Cane Creek Gorge Overlook, located just off the Gorge Trail, looks northward across the Cane Creek Gorge.
Rocky Point Overlook, located just off the Gorge Trail on an exposed cliff, looks northward across the Cane Creek Gorge. Millikan's Overlook, located just off the road in the Piney Creek section of the park, looks northward across the Cane Creek Gorge, near the confluence of Piney Creek and Cane Creek. Buzzard's a cliff located near Millikan's Overlook. An overlook adjacent to the Fall Creek Falls parking lot looks down into the Fall Creek Gorge. Along with waterfalls and overlooks, Fall Creek Falls State Park has the second-most caves of any park in the eastern U. S. behind Mammoth Cave National Park. All Park caves are closed in an effort to prevent the spread of White Nose Syndrome in bats. Rumbling Falls Cave, which has the second largest cave chamber in the United States, is located in the park's Dry Fork section, near Spencer. Camps Gulf Cave is another large cave located in the park that contains large chambers. Lost Creek Cave has five entrances, contains a waterfall and 7 miles of passageways.
The plateau areas above the Cane Creek Gorge are characterized by poor soil and weak resource potential, both exacerbated by the area's limited accessibility. In the early 20th century, this section of Van Buren County still had only a handful of farms and no major coal mining or logging operations. Local historian Arthur Weir Crouch, referring to Fall Creek Falls, wrote, "In the beginning and for many years it was a true wilderness area."The few residents who lived in the Cane Creek area were at the mercy of the creek, like most of the Upper Caney Fork watershed, was prone to flash flooding. The Good Friday Flood of 1929, the most devastating of these floods, caused the Caney Fork and its tributaries to swell to record volumes and wiped out dozens of mills and bridges. Lawson Fisher, who operated a grist mill at the head of Cane Creek Falls at the time of the flood, recalled being awakened that night by the roar of the creek's rising waters. Racing into the mill to save the mill's account books, Fisher testified: I had taken four or five steps when I felt that old mill building quiver.
I turned and ran for the door and stepped out on solid ground, turned around to see what was going to happen, but folks, it had happened. The mill wasn't there. I could just see pieces of planking and timbers going over the falls and rushing on down into the valley of Cane Creek