Monochrom is an international art-technology-philosophy group, publishing house and film production company. Monochrom was founded in 1993, defines itself as "an unpeculiar mixture of proto-aesthetic fringe work, pop attitude, subcultural science and political activism", its main office is located at Museumsquartier/Vienna. The group's members are: Johannes Grenzfurthner, Evelyn Fürlinger, Harald Homolka-List, Anika Kronberger, Franz Ablinger, Frank Apunkt Schneider, Daniel Fabry, Günther Friesinger and Roland Gratzer; the group is known for working with different media and entertainment formats, although many projects are performative and have a strong focus on a critical and educational narrative. Johannes Grenzfurthner calls this "looking for the best weapon of mass distribution of an idea". Monochrom is left-wing and tries to encourage public debate, sometimes using subversive affirmation or over-affirmation as a tactic; the group popularized the concept of "context hacking". On the occasion of monochrom's 20th birthday in 2013, several Austrian high-profile media outlets paid tribute to the group's pioneering contributions within the field of contemporary art and discourse.
In the early 1990s, Johannes Grenzfurthner was an active member of several BBS message boards. He used his online connections to create a zine or alternative magazine that dealt with art and subversive cultures, was influenced by US magazines like Mondo 2000. Grenzfurthner's motivation was to react to the emerging conservativism in cyber-cultures of the early 1990s, to combine his political background in the Austrian punk and antifa movement with discussion of new technologies and the cultures they create. Franz Ablinger joined; the first issue was released in 1993. Over the years the publication featured many interviews and essays, for example by Bruce Sterling, HR Giger, Richard Kadrey, Arthur Kroker, Kathy Acker, Michael Marrak, DJ Spooky, Geert Lovink, Lars Gustafsson, Tony Serra, Friedrich Kittler, Jörg Buttgereit, Eric Drexler, Terry Pratchett, Jack Sargeant and Bob Black, in its specific experimental layout style. In 1995 the group decided to cover new artistic practices and started experimenting with different media: performances, computer games, puppet theater, short films, conferences, online activism.
In 1995 we decided. We knew that we wanted create viral information. So a quest for the best "Weapon of Mass Distribution" started, a search for the best transportation mode for a certain politics of philosophical ideas; this was the Cambrian Explosion of monochrom. We wanted to experiment, find new forms of telling our stories. But, to be clear, it was not about keeping the pace, of staying up-to-date, or staying "fresh"; the emergence of new media formats is interesting. But etching information into copper plates is just as exciting. We think that the perpetual return of'the new', to cite Walter Benjamin, is nothing to write home about - except for the slave-drivers in the fashion industry. We've never been interested in the new just in the accidental occurrence. In the moment where things don't tally, where productive confusion arises. All the other core team members joined between 1995 and 2006. Grenzfurthner is the group's artistic director, he defines monochrom's artistic and activist approach as'Context hacking' or'Urban Hacking'.
The group monochrom refers to its working method as »Context Hacking,« thus referencing the hacker culture, which propagates a creative and emancipatory approach to the technologies of the digital age, in this way turns against the continuation into the digital age of a centuries-old technological enslavement perpetrated through knowledge and hierarchies of experts.... Context hacking transfers the hackers' objectives and methods to the network of social relationships in which artistic production occurs, upon which it is dependent.... One of context hackers' central ambitions is to bring the factions of counterculture, which have veered off along diverging trajectories, back together again. From its foundation, the group defined itself as a movement, culture and "open field of experimentation". Monochrom supported and supports various artists, activists and communities with an online publishing platform, a print publishing service, organizes in-person meetings, radio shows, debate circles, online platforms.
It is fundamental for the group's core members to combine artistic and educational endeavors with community work. Some collaborations have been rather short-lived, some have been going for many years and decades, Michael Zeltner, Anouk Wipprecht, VSL Lindabrunn). Monochrom supports initiatives like the Radius Festival, Play:Vienna, the Buckminster Fuller Institute Austria, RE/Search, the Semantic Web Company and the Vienna hackerspace Metalab. For a couple of years, monochrom was running the DIY project "Hackbus" in cooperation with David "Daddy D" Dempsey Since 2007, monochrom is the European correspondent for Boing Boing Video. Monochrom offers a collaborative art resi
ROFLCon was a biennial convention of internet memes that took place in 2008, 2010 and 2012, featuring various internet celebrities. All three events were at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ROFLCon was first organized by a group of students from Harvard University led by Tim Hwang. According to Hwang, the inspiration for the conference was the September 23, 2007 meetup of fans of xkcd with its creator, Randall Munroe, in a park in North Cambridge, Massachusetts; the name "ROFLCon" comes from the internet slang "ROFL", short for "rolling on the floor laughing", "con", short for "convention". At ROFLCon 2012, it was announced; the first ROFLCon was first announced in late 2007, took place on April 25–26, 2008. Various internet celebrities attended, such as the authors of the webcomics xkcd, Questionable Content and Dinosaur comics, Jay Maynard "The Tron Guy", Christopher "moot" Poole, Leeroy Jenkins, The Brothers Chaps, many others. Attendance was open to the public after a fee; the primary events of ROFLCon were moderated panel discussions with the Internet celebrities, question and answer sessions with the audience.
Several guest speakers gave talks on issues pertaining to internet culture. The convention ended with the "ROFLConcert", featuring live performances by Group X, Leslie Hall, Lemon Demon and Denny Blaze; the second ROFLCon took place from April 30 to May 1 at MIT. Passes were available from $45 for a student to $500 for a "Mystery Pass." The third and final ROFLCon took place on May 4–5, 2012. "ROFLCon final session: Cult leaders". The Guardian. April 27, 2008. "ROFLCon Live Stream". Los Angeles Times Funny Pages. April 25, 2008. "ROFLCon: Welcome to the Fame Revolution". Wired News. April 25, 2008. "My ROFLCon Weekend: Breakfast with Tron Guy". NPR. April 28, 2008 The new fame: Internet celebrity. CNN. May 1, 2008. "Bostonist Went To ROFLCon And All We Got Was This Brawndo Hangover". Bostonist. April 30, 2008. Official site
Portland is the largest and most populous city in the U. S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County. It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia rivers; as of 2017, Portland had an estimated population of 647,805, making it the 26th-largest city in the United States, the second-most populous in the Pacific Northwest. 2.4 million people live in the Portland metropolitan statistical area, making it the 25th most populous MSA in the United States. Its Combined Statistical Area ranks 18th-largest with a population of around 3.2 million. 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area. Named after Portland, the Oregon settlement began to be populated in the 1830s near the end of the Oregon Trail, its water access provided convenient transportation of goods, the timber industry was a major force in the city's early economy. At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering.
After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate. Beginning in the 1960s, Portland became noted for its growing progressive political values, earning it a reputation as a bastion of counterculture; the city operates with a commission-based government guided by a mayor and four commissioners as well as Metro, the only directly elected metropolitan planning organization in the United States. The city government is notable for its land-use investment in public transportation. Portland is recognized as one of the world's most environmentally conscious cities because of its high walkability, large community of bicyclists, farm-to-table dining, expansive network of public transportation options, over 10,000 acres of public parks, its climate is marked by cool, rainy winters. This climate is ideal for growing roses, Portland has been called the "City of Roses" for over a century. During the prehistoric period, the land that would become Portland was flooded after the collapse of glacial dams from Lake Missoula, in what would become Montana.
These massive floods occurred during the last ice age and filled the Willamette Valley with 300 to 400 feet of water. Before American pioneers began arriving in the 1800s, the land was inhabited for many centuries by two bands of indigenous Chinook people—the Multnomah and the Clackamas; the Chinook people occupying the land were first documented in 1805 by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Before its European settlement, the Portland Basin of the lower Columbia River and Willamette River valleys had been one of the most densely populated regions on the Pacific Coast. Large numbers of pioneer settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail, though life was centered in nearby Oregon City. In the early 1840s a new settlement emerged ten miles from the mouth of the Willamette River halfway between Oregon City and Fort Vancouver; this community was referred to as "Stumptown" and "The Clearing" because of the many trees cut down to allow for its growth. In 1843 William Overton saw potential in the new settlement but lacked the funds to file an official land claim.
For 25 cents, Overton agreed to share half of the 640-acre site with Asa Lovejoy of Boston. In 1845 Overton sold his remaining half of the claim to Francis W. Pettygrove of Maine. Both Pettygrove and Lovejoy wished to rename "The Clearing" after their respective hometowns; this controversy was settled with a coin toss that Pettygrove won in a series of two out of three tosses, thereby providing Portland with its namesake. The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society. At the time of its incorporation on February 8, 1851, Portland had over 800 inhabitants, a steam sawmill, a log cabin hotel, a newspaper, the Weekly Oregonian. A major fire swept through downtown in August 1873, destroying twenty blocks on the west side of the Willamette along Yamhill and Morrison Streets, causing $1.3 million in damage. By 1879, the population had grown to 17,500 and by 1890 it had grown to 46,385. In 1888, the city built the first steel bridge built on the West Coast.
Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road", provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, it grew quickly. Portland remained the major port in the Pacific Northwest for much of the 19th century, until the 1890s, when Seattle's deepwater harbor was connected to the rest of the mainland by rail, affording an inland route without the treacherous navigation of the Columbia River; the city had its own Japantown, for one, the lumber industry became a prominent economic presence, due to the area's large population of Douglas Firs, Western Hemlocks, Red Cedars, Big Leaf Maple trees. Portland developed a reputation early in its history as a gritty port town; some historians have described the city's early establishment as being a "scion of New England. In 1889, The Oregonian called Portland "the most filthy city in the Northern States", due to the unsanitary sewers and gutters, and, at the turn of the 20th century, it was considered one of the most dangerous port cities in the world.
The city housed a large number of saloons
RE/Search Publications is an American magazine and book publisher, based in San Francisco, founded by its editor V. Vale in 1980. In a few references Andrea Juno was credited as an editor; however it was the successor to Vale's earlier punk rock fanzine Search & Destroy, started with $200 provided to Vale by Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. RE/Search itself began as a tabloid-sized magazine; the debut issue of Search & Destroy, named after the Stooges song, focused on the emerging punk and new wave scene, with articles on Mabuhay Gardens, the hottest venue for punk in the city, interviews with the local bands Crime and the Nuns. The first issue of RE/Search had photographs by Ruby Ray and articles on Factrix, The Slits, Young Marble Giants, Boyd Rice's NON, Cabaret Voltaire, Sun Ra, Japan, J. G. Ballard, Julio Cortázar, rhythm & noise, Soldier of Fortune Magazine, Throbbing Gristle, nuclear disaster, Octavio Paz, "punk prostitutes", it was distributed by Rough Trade. Following the third issue, issues 4 and 5 were collected as a single volume, a "special book issue".
Subsequent issues all retained the book format. RE/Search has published books on various underground topics. Titles include Pranks, Incredibly Strange Films, Modern Primitives, the subject matter includes profiles of William S. Burroughs, SPK, J. G. Ballard, others. RE/Search was the subject of a special issue of the European Journal of American Studies, including an examination of "the growth and decline of RE/Search as a commercial enterprise dedicated to documenting and, in effect, marketing selected countercultural trends."Both artist and musician Florian-Ayala Fauna and science fiction author Bruce Sterling are sponsors for the RE/Search newsletter. Search & Destroy #1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11: Tabloid format zine. RE/Search Publications, 1977–1979. RE/Search #1,2 and 3: Tabloid format zine. RE/Search Publications, 1980–1981. RE/Search #4/5: William S. Burroughs/Brion Gysin/Throbbing Gristle. RE/Search Publications, 1982. ISBN 0-9650469-1-5 RE/Search #6/7: Industrial Culture Handbook. RE/Search Publications, 1983.
ISBN 0-940642-07-7 RE/Search #6/7: Industrial Culture Handbook, Limited Hardback Edition. RE/Search Publications, 2006. ISBN 978-1-889307-16-9 RE/Search #8/9: J. G. Ballard. RE/Search Publications, 1984. ISBN 0-940642-08-5 RE/Search #10: Incredibly Strange Films RE/Search Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-940642-09-3 RE/Search #11: Pranks!. RE/Search Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-9650469-8-2 RE/Search #12: Modern Primitives. RE/Search Publications, 1989. ISBN 0-940642-14-X RE/Search #13: Angry Women. RE/Search Publications, 1992. ISBN 0-940642-24-7 RE/Search #14: Incredibly Strange Music Vol. I. RE/Search Publications, 1993. ISBN 0-940642-22-0 RE/Search #15: Incredibly Strange Music Vol. II. RE/Search Publications, 1994. ISBN 0-940642-21-2 RE/Search #16: The RE/Search Guide to Bodily Fluids, Paul Spinrad 1994. ISBN 0-940642-28-X reissued by Juno Books 1999. ISBN 1-890451-04-5 The Atrocity Exhibition, J. G. Ballard. Revised large-format paperback edition, with annotations by the author and illustrations by Phoebe Gloeckner.
RE/Search Publications, 1990. ISBN 0-940642-18-2 Bob Flanagan: Super Masochist, Bob Flanagan,1993. ISBN 0-940642-25-5 Freaks: We Who Are Not As Others, Daniel P. Mannix ISBN 0-9651042-5-7 Modern Pagans - An Investigation of Contemporary Ritual, 2001 ISBN 1-889307-10-6 Punk'77, James Stark, 2006. ISBN 1-889307-14-9 V. Vale Zines Vol. I. ISBN 0-9650469-0-7 V. Vale Zines Vol. II. ISBN 0-9650469-2-3 V. Vale Search & Destroy Volume I: Issues 1-6. ISBN 1-889307-00-9 V. Vale Search & Destroy Volume II: Issues 7-11. ISBN 0-9650469-4-X V. Vale Real Conversations No. 1. ISBN 1-889307-09-2 V. Vale. J. G. Ballard: Conversations". RE/Search Publications. ISBN 1-889307-13-0 V. Vale and Mike Ryan.. J. G. Ballard: Quotes. RE/Search Publications. ISBN 1-889307-12-2 Official website Search & Destroy reprints A review of RE/Search's latest publications, J. G. Ballard: Quotes & J. G. Ballard: Conversations
Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County. A small part of the city extends into Greene County; the 2017 U. S. census estimate put the city population at 140,371, while Greater Dayton was estimated to be at 803,416 residents. This makes Dayton the fourth-largest metropolitan area in 63rd in the United States. Dayton is within Ohio's Miami Valley region, just north of Greater Cincinnati. Ohio's borders are within 500 miles of 60 percent of the country's population and manufacturing infrastructure, making the Dayton area a logistical centroid for manufacturers and shippers. Dayton hosts significant research and development in fields like industrial and astronautical engineering that have led to many technological innovations. Much of this innovation is due in part to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and its place in the community. With the decline of heavy manufacturing, Dayton's businesses have diversified into a service economy that includes insurance and legal sectors as well as healthcare and government sectors.
Along with defense and aerospace, healthcare accounts for much of the Dayton area's economy. Hospitals in the Greater Dayton area have an estimated combined employment of nearly 32,000 and a yearly economic impact of $6.8 billion. It is estimated that Premier Health Partners, a hospital network, contributes more than $2 billion a year to the region through operating and capital expenditures. In 2011, Dayton was rated the #3 city in the nation by HealthGrades for excellence in healthcare. Many hospitals in the Dayton area are ranked by Forbes, U. S. News & World Report, HealthGrades for clinical excellence. Dayton is noted for its association with aviation. Other well-known individuals born in the city include poet Paul Laurence Dunbar and entrepreneur John H. Patterson. Dayton is known for its many patents and inventors, most notably the Wright brothers' invention of powered flight. In 2008, 2009, 2010, Site Selection magazine ranked Dayton the #1 mid-sized metropolitan area in the nation for economic development.
In 2010, Dayton was named one of the best places in the United States for college graduates to find a job. Dayton was founded on April 1796, by 12 settlers known as the Thompson Party, they traveled in March from Cincinnati up the Great Miami River by pirogue and landed at what is now St. Clair Street, where they found two small camps of Native Americans. Among the Thompson Party was Benjamin Van Cleve, whose memoirs provide insights into the Ohio Valley's history. Two other groups traveling overland arrived several days later. In 1797, Daniel C. Cooper laid out Mad River Road, the first overland connection between Cincinnati and Dayton, opening the "Mad River Country" to settlement. Ohio was admitted into the Union in 1803, the village of Dayton was incorporated in 1805, chartered as a city in 1841; the city was named after Jonathan Dayton, a captain in the American Revolutionary War who signed the U. S. Constitution and owned a significant amount of land in the area. In 1827, construction on the Dayton-Cincinnati canal began, which would provide a better way to transport goods from Dayton to Cincinnati and contribute to Dayton's economic growth during the 1800s.
Innovation led to business growth in the region. In 1884, John Henry Patterson acquired James Ritty's National Manufacturing Company along with his cash register patents and formed the National Cash Register Company; the company manufactured the first mechanical cash registers and played a crucial role in the shaping of Dayton's reputation as an epicenter for manufacturing in the early 1900s. In 1906, Charles F. Kettering, a leading engineer at the company, helped develop the first electric cash register, which propelled NCR into the national spotlight. NCR helped develop the US Navy Bombe, a code-breaking machine that helped crack the Enigma machine cipher during World War II. Dayton has been the home for many inventions since the 1870s. According to the National Park Service, citing information from the U. S. Patent Office, Dayton had granted more patents per capita than any other U. S. city in 1890 and ranked fifth in the nation as early as 1870. The Wright brothers, inventors of the airplane, Charles F. Kettering, world-renowned for his numerous inventions, hailed from Dayton.
The city was home to James Ritty's Incorruptible Cashier, the first mechanical cash register, Arthur E. Morgan's hydraulic jump, a flood prevention mechanism that helped pioneer hydraulic engineering. Paul Laurence Dunbar, an African-American poet and novelist, penned his most famous works in the late 19th century and became an integral part of the city's history. Powered aviation began in Dayton. Orville and Wilbur Wright were the first to demonstrate powered flight. Although the first flight was in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, their Wright Flyer was built in Dayton, was returned to Dayton for improvements and further flights at Huffman Field, a cow pasture eight miles northeast of Dayton, near the current Wright Patterson Air Force Base; when the government tried to move development to Langley field in southern Virginia, six Dayton businessmen including Edward A. Deeds, formed the Dayton-Wright Airplane Company in Moraine and established a flying field. Deeds opened a field to the north in the flood plain of the Great Miami River between the confluences of that river, the Stillwater River, the Mad River, near downtown Dayton.
Named McCook Field for Alexander McDowell McCook, an American Civil War general, this became the Army Signal Corps' primary aviation
Web hosting service
A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity in a data center. Web hosts can provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for other servers located in their data center, called colocation known as Housing in Latin America or France; until 1991, the Internet was restricted to use only...for research and education in the sciences and engineering... and was used for email, telnet, FTP and USENET traffic - but only a tiny number of web pages. The World Wide Web protocols had only just been written and not until the end of 1993 would there be a graphical web browser for Mac or Windows computers. After there was some opening up of internet access, the situation was confused until 1995. To host a website on the internet, an individual or company would need their own server.
As not all companies had the budget or expertise to do this, web hosting services began to offer to host users' websites on their own servers, without the client needing to own the necessary infrastructure required to operate the website. The owners of the websites called webmasters, would be able to create a website that would be hosted on the web hosting service's server and published to the web by the web hosting service; as the number of users on the World Wide Web grew, the pressure for companies, both large and small, to have an online presence grew. By 1995, companies such as GeoCities and Tripod were offering free hosting; the most basic is web page and small-scale file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol or a Web interface. The files are delivered to the Web "as is" or with minimal processing. Many Internet service providers offer this service free to subscribers. Individuals and organizations may obtain Web page hosting from alternative service providers.
Free web hosting service is offered by different companies with limited services, sometimes supported by advertisements, limited when compared to paid hosting. Single page hosting is sufficient for personal web pages. Personal web site hosting is free, advertisement-sponsored, or inexpensive. Business web site hosting has a higher expense depending upon the size and type of the site. Many large companies that are not Internet service providers need to be permanently connected to the web to send email, etc. to other sites. The company may use the computer as a website host to provide details of their goods and services and facilities for online orders. A complex site calls for a more comprehensive package that provides database support and application development platforms; these facilities allow customers to write or install scripts for applications like forums and content management. Secure Sockets Layer is used for websites that wish to keep the data transmitted more secure. Internet hosting services can run Web servers.
The scope of web hosting services varies greatly. One's website is placed on the same server as many other sites, ranging from a few sites to hundreds of websites. All domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU; the features available with this type of service can be quite basic and not flexible in terms of software and updates. Resellers sell shared web hosting and web companies have reseller accounts to provide hosting for clients. Allows clients to become web hosts themselves. Resellers could function, for individual domains, under any combination of these listed types of hosting, depending on who they are affiliated with as a reseller. Resellers' accounts may vary tremendously in size: they may have their own virtual dedicated server to a colocated server. Many resellers provide a nearly identical service to their provider's shared hosting plan and provide the technical support themselves. Known as a Virtual Private Server, divides server resources into virtual servers, where resources can be allocated in a way that does not directly reflect the underlying hardware.
VPS will be allocated resources based on a one server to many VPSs relationship, however virtualisation may be done for a number of reasons, including the ability to move a VPS container between servers. The users may have root access to their own virtual space. Customers are sometimes responsible for patching and maintaining the server or the VPS provider may provide server admin tasks for the customer; the user gains full control over it. One type of dedicated hosting is unmanaged; this is the least expensive for dedicated plans. The user has full administrative access to the server, which means the client is responsible for the security and maintenance of his own dedicated server; the user is not allowed full control over it. The user is disallowed full control so that the provider can guarantee quality of service by not allowing the user to modify the server or create configuration problems; the user does not own the server. The server is leased to the client. Similar to the dedicated web hosting service.
XOXO is an annual festival and conference held in Portland, that describes itself as "celebrating independently produced art and technology". XOXO was founded in 2012 by Andy Baio and Andy McMillan with funding from prepaid tickets and other contributions via Kickstarter, it was described by the New York Times as an "experimental" conference; the inaugural event was held in Portland's Yale Union Laundry Building in September 2012 with 400 participants. The first day of the conference focused on talks from independent creators from fields such as film, music and illustration, video games, hardware design and product design, while the second centered on technology, those building tools to facilitate and encourage independent creativity through the web. Speakers and performers included Dan Harmon, Adam Savage, MC Frontalot, Chris Poole, Bre Pettis, Julia Nunes, The Kleptones, The Limousines, the creators of Kickstarter, MetaFilter, VHX, Diesel Sweeties, Indie Game: The Movie and World of Goo.
Associated events included live music, film screenings, an arcade of independently produced videogames, a pub crawl, a market, food trucks. News media and bloggers noted an "impressive list of speakers", a focus on "democratizing media and innovation", an "intimate tone" missing from other technology-focused conferences. Ruth Brown wrote "the audience was overwhelmingly white, middle class and educated." XOXO returned to the Yale Union Laundry Building in September 2013 with speakers, films, music shows, game events, a market. Baio described it as being "about artists and hackers and makers that are using the internet to make a living doing what they love independently without sacrificing creative or financial control". Portland Monthly compared the event to the larger South by Southwest festival, quoting Matthew Haughey saying SXSW speakers are "in the business of selling technologies" and XOXO speakers are "creating things". To handle increased interest while remaining small, it had an application process with questions intended to filter out people who wanted to market to attendees.
Speakers and performers included Tim Schafer, Vi Hart, Evan Williams, Molly Crabapple, Marco Arment, Jack Conte, Erika Moen, Jay Smooth, Adrian Holovaty, the creators of Cards Against Humanity and Panic. The editors of Boing Boing—Mark Frauenfelder, Cory Doctorow, David Pescovitz, Xeni Jardin—appeared together on stage for the first time to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the zine's launch in 1988. Musical performances included Anamanaguchi, Jack Conte, Jonathan Coulton, Jim Guthrie. An attendee, Glenn Fleishman, described the conference as having a friendly social environment and inspiring people to change their jobs, he noted essays by other attendees about the need for critique and not just friendliness, a lack of gender balance similar to the technology industry in general, a harassment incident, handled effectively. Another attendee discussed her enjoyment of the people at the conference, she noted the challenge of running a conference about independent creators, inaccessible for some independent creators due to ticket and travel cost.
The organizers described their choice of Yale Union Laundry Building as important to the event, with character and history unlike Portland's convention center. In 2014, the third XOXO was held on September 11–14, 2014 at The Redd, a former metal stamping facility in an industrial area of SE Portland; the XOXO lineup was announced in June 2014 and conference tickets were sold out by the first week of July. Conference speakers included Anita Sarkeesian, Hank Green, Gina Trapani, Golan Levin, John Gruber, Leigh Alexander, Kevin Kelly, Justin Hall, Jonathan Mann, Rachel Binx, Welcome to Night Vale co-creator Joseph Fink. Sarkeesian's appearance was met with controversy from Gamergate supporters, with one protester passing out leaflets. A new evening event, XOXO Story, was added in 2014 with live performances of popular podcasts like Harmontown, John Roderick's Rendezvous, Song Exploder featuring an interview with The Thermals. A second night of music was added, including performances from Pomplamoose, YACHT, Molly Lewis, John Roderick and Sean Nelson from The Long Winters, Mike Doughty, Nerf Herder.
XOXO Arcade featured 10 unreleased or exhibition-only games, such as Quadrilateral Cowboy and the ten-player Killer Queen arcade cabinet, new work from Keita Takahashi, Threes creator Asher Vollmer, QWOP creator Bennett Foddy. Ten films and shorts were shown at XOXO Film, including previews of the first two episodes of Natasha Allegri's Bee & Puppycat series, new animations from David OReilly and PES, the debut of Empire Uncut, the crowdsourced sequel to Star Wars Uncut. News media and bloggers noted a more serious tone from previous years. Boing Boing said a "darker sense of mission and meaning took hold in the event's third year." The Verge called it "the most interesting weekend in tech" that "pushes the web forward." The Daily Dot reported. The fourth XOXO was held on September 10–13, 2015 at Revolution Hall, the auditorium of the former Washington High School in the Buckman neighborhood of SE Portland. For the first time, a limited number of subsidized passes were offered for $50 to those who couldn't otherwise afford to attend.
Free on-site childcare, live captioning of talks, free bike rentals were new additions. Conference speakers included Heather Armstrong, Gimlet Media's Alex Blumberg, Veronica Belmont, Kathy Sierra, Spike Trotman, Daniel Mallory Ortberg, Anil Dash, Zoë Quinn, Eric A. Meyer, BoJack Horseman's Lisa Hanawalt, Vlambeer's Rami Ismail, the creators of Suck.com, reunit