Dead Again is a 1991 American romantic thriller film written by Scott Frank and directed by Kenneth Branagh. It stars Branagh and his then-wife Emma Thompson, co-stars Andy García, Derek Jacobi, Wayne Knight, Robin Williams. Dead Again was positively received by the majority of critics. Jacobi was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, Patrick Doyle, who composed the film's music, was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Original Score. Newspapers detail the 1949 murder of Margaret Strauss, stabbed during a robbery, her husband, composer Roman Strauss, is condemned to death. Before his execution, Roman is visited by reporter Gray Baker. Asked if he killed Margaret, Roman appears to whisper something in Gray's ear. Forty years private detective Mike Church investigates the identity of a woman who has appeared at the orphanage where he grew up, she can not speak and has nightmares. Mike takes her in and asks his friend, Pete Dugan, to publish her picture and his contact information.
Antiques dealer and hypnotist Franklyn Madson approaches Mike, suggesting that hypnosis may help her recover her memory. When the session is unsuccessful, Madson suggests. Mike is skeptical, but the woman details Margaret and Roman's lives in third person, from courtship to their wedding; when the session ends, she still has amnesia. Madson shows them Life magazine articles covering the murder. Mike visits disgraced psychiatrist Cozy Carlisle. Mike nicknames the woman "Grace", falls in love with her. Doug appears and claims that Grace is his fiancée Katherine, but Mike discovers he is lying and chases him away. Hypnotized, Grace remembers that Roman is broke, he believes. Margaret cannot convince Roman that she is faithful and catches Frankie, the son of their housekeeper Inga, looking through her jewelry box, she asks Roman to dismiss them but Roman refuses, saying that they saved his life in Nazi Germany. Grace sees Mike standing over Margaret with scissors, is convinced he intends to kill her. Mike insists that he would never hurt her, but when he accidentally calls her "Margaret", he agrees to let Madson regress him.
During his regression, he realizes he was Margaret and that Grace was Roman, but is unable to tell Madson or Grace this revelation. Dugan tells Mike. Amanda, still afraid of Mike, accompanies Madson to her apartment. Madson gives her a gun to protect herself from Mike. Mike visits Baker in a nursing home and asks him about Roman's secret, but Baker insists that Roman said nothing to him. Baker is convinced that Roman did not kill his wife and urges Mike to find Inga, who would know what happened. Mike realizes. Frankie killed her with scissors. Roman stumbled in, was found covered in his wife's blood and holding the murder weapon. After Roman's execution, Inga brought Frankie to London. After returning to Los Angeles, Frankie was convinced; when he saw Amanda's picture in the paper, he knew. He hired Doug, an actor, to separate Mike and Amanda and distract Amanda while he waited to kill her. Inga apologizes for her role in Margaret's death, gives Mike the anklet. After Mike leaves to find Amanda, Madson smothers Inga with a pillow.
Mike tells Amanda the truth. Madson arrives, he puts the scissors he used to kill Margaret in Mike's hand and tries to make it look like Amanda killed him and committed suicide. Mike stabs Madson in the leg with the scissors. Madson falls onto a scissors sculpture, which kills him. Mike and Amanda embrace, shown beside Margaret and Roman together; the movie was filmed in color. After test screenings, it was decided to use black and white for the "past" sequences to help clear up audience confusion; the final frame, once the mystery is solved, blooms from white to color. The negative of the final frame was flipped to match the present day lovers to the doomed 1940s newlyweds they embodied; when the audience first meets Mike Church, he is seated in his Corvette, parked on the wrong side of the street. While it may seem that this is because Branagh is from the United Kingdom, it is because behind him are a number of skyscrapers that he, as the director, wanted included in the background. In addition to the dual roles played by Branagh and Thompson, actress Jo Anderson and the film's composer Patrick Doyle both play small dual parts, appearing in the present-day and 1940s sequences.
Both are examples of karmic fate. Anderson's character rudely dismisses Roman at a party. Doyle's character is seen acting up drunkenly at the s
The AFI Conservatory is a private not-for-profit graduate film school in the Hollywood Hills district of Los Angeles. Students learn from the masters in a collaborative, hands-on production environment with an emphasis on storytelling; the Conservatory is a program of the American Film Institute founded in 1969. The Center for Advanced Film Studies opened its doors at Greystone Mansion on September 23, 1969. Harold Lloyd screened his film The Freshman and spoke with AFI Fellows on the school's first day; the first class included Caleb Deschanel and Paul Schrader. In 1975, filmmaker Ján Kadár, director of the Oscar-winning film The Shop on Main Street, became the Conservatory's first filmmaker-in-residence. In 2013, Emmy and Oscar-winning director and screenwriter James L. Brooks joined the AFI Conservatory as Artistic Director, where he provides leadership for the film program. Brooks' artistic role at the AFI Conservatory has a rich legacy that includes Daniel Petrie, Jr. Robert Wise and Frank Pierson.
Award-winning director Robert Mandel served as Dean of the AFI Conservatory for nine years. Jan Schuette took over as Dean in 2014 and served until 2017. Film Producer Richard Gladstein became Dean in May 2017. Michael Chung & Tom Engfer became Co-Interim Deans in November 2018. Among those AFI has bestowed Honorary Degrees upon during its annual Commencement ceremony are Maya Angelou, John Williams, Ken Burns, Sherry Lansing, Sydney Pollack, Clint Eastwood, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Kathleen Kennedy, Spike Lee, Rita Moreno and Quentin Tarantino. Thirteen AFI Conservatory thesis films have been nominated for Academy Awards. In 2011, The Hollywood Reporter ranked it the #1 film school in the world, it is ranked in the top five graduate film programs along with USC, UCLA, NYU and California Institute of the Arts by the Princeton Review and US News and World Report AFI Conservatory is a five-term Master of Fine Arts program in six disciplines: Cinematography, Editing, Production Design, Screenwriting.
Traditionally, the Conservatory accepts 28 Fellows per year for most disciplines and 14 for the Production Design and Editing disciplines. Each discipline's program runs two years in length. First Year - Fellows from all disciplines work on at least three digital video or high definition short films, referred to as'cycle projects'; each of these first-year projects are accomplished by Fellows with a minimum of oversight from the senior faculty. The purported goal being to stimulate a flexible and creative approach to filmmaking within imposed budgetary constraints and without the crutch of seasoned oversight. These'cycle projects' make up the core curriculum of the first year experience and amount to a'boot camp" of filmmaking that challenges and invigorates the Fellows involved. Second Year - Most Fellows work on at least one thesis short film, shot on digital video, high definition, 35mm film, or 16mm film, develop portfolio materials. Screenwriting Fellows have the option of writing two feature-length screenplays instead of participating in a thesis film.
They are responsible for raising the bulk of their own financing for these projects, must adhere to standard industry regulations, such as SAG charter rules, during filming. The senior faculty of the conservatory oversee the development of the'second year' projects and monitor their development in a manner similar to what might be expected of an Executive Producer. Cinematography - Encompassing training from pre-visualization to advanced image manipulation and control, Cinematography Fellows develop their storytelling skills using formats ranging from digital video to 16mm and 35mm film cameras to the most cutting-edge cameras on the market. Directing - With a focus on narrative filmmaking, Directing Fellows learn diverse directing styles and strategies as they gain a thorough understanding of the production process, script to screen. Editing - Editing Fellows master the skills to be editors, assistant editors and post-production producers while learning the technical and collaborative aspects of post-production with a primary focus on storytelling.
Producing - Producing Fellows study all aspects of creative, entrepreneurial production while developing and producing a minimum of three short films in their first year and a thesis film in their second year. Production Design - Attracting artists from architecture, interior design, theater design and other related fields, the Production Design curriculum focuses on the creative process of visually and physically developing cinematic environments. Screenwriting - Screenwriting Fellows conceive and write multiple projects in features, short films and short-form TV drama and comedy as well as webisodes and other Internet innovations. Fellows learn to collaborate with Directing and Producing classmates to bring their stories to the screen; the AFI Conservatory has an esteemed faculty of working professionals including Todd Cherniawsky, Stan Chervin, Destin Daniel Cretton, (director, Short Term 12, David Cook, Joe Garrity, Michael Jablow, Susan Littenberg, Stephen Lighthill, Elvis Mitchell, Michele Mulroney, Martin Nicholson, Lauren Polizzi, Louis Provost, Patricia Riggen, Russell Sc
A Walk Among the Tombstones (film)
A Walk Among the Tombstones is a 2014 American neo-noir action thriller film written and directed by Scott Frank, based on the 1992 novel of the same name by Lawrence Block. It stars Liam Neeson, Dan Stevens, David Harbour, Brian Bradley, Boyd Holbrook; the film was released on September 19, 2014. Critical reception was mixed and the film grossed $62 million worldwide. In 1991, Detective Matthew "Matt" Scudder is in a car with his partner, who urges him to get help and expresses his concern that Scudder is not a reliable backup. Scudder enters a bar and buys drinks with a coffee. Two armed men come in and kill the bartender, Matt fatally shoots one assailant, he kills the second assailant, as well as their getaway driver. Eight years a drug addict named Peter Kristo approaches Matt, now retired, asks him to help his brother Kenny Kristo. Kenny is a drug trafficker whose wife was murdered. Kenny told Matt that after he delivered the ransom, the kidnappers directed him to a car containing his wife's dismembered body.
Matt agrees to find the kidnappers. At the library, Matt researches similar killings, finds victims named Marie Gotteskind and Leila Anderssen, he meets a homeless youth named TJ. Based on an article, Matt goes to a cemetery and speaks with the groundskeeper, Jonas Loogan, upset that Matt forces him to remember finding bags containing parts of the dismembered Leila in the cemetery pond. Matt talks to Leila's fiancé Reuben, who claims to have witnessed two men drag her into a van driven by a third person. Out the window, Matt sees Jonas exiting an apartment building. In a tool shed belonging to Jonas on the building's roof, Matt finds photos of Reuben and Leila having sex. Jonas admits, he had conspired to take Leila away from Reuben, a drug dealer, help her stop using drugs. Instead, the other two men tortured and killed Leila. Jonas gives Matt one name and jumps off the roof to his death; the two kidnappers and Albert, scout the home of Yuri Landau, another drug trafficker. After realizing Landau's wife is bedridden, they prepare to leave for a new target.
However, they see his 14-year-old daughter Lucia, Ray decides to kidnap her. Matt learns that Marie was a DEA agent and realizes that the people who murdered her got her files, which they have been using to choose their victims. Meanwhile, Matt grows closer to TJ, encourages the boy to study to avoid a life of crime. During a conversation with TJ, Matt explains. During the shootout from the opening scene, one of his stray bullets "took a bad hop" and killed a 7-year-old girl, he has been sober since. Kenny brings Matt to Landau's home, where the kidnappers call and arrange a drop. Matt, Landau, TJ go to the cemetery. After a stand off, with a finger hurt down to the bone, is returned to her father; when Albert realizes the ransom money is counterfeit, a shootout ensues. Peter is killed, Matt wounds Ray. Albert and Ray escape in their van. After Albert and Ray arrive at their place, TJ sneaks out of their van, calls Matt, tells him the address. Albert garrottes Ray in the basement, goes back upstairs to find Matt, TJ.
Matt cuffs Albert. He leaves Albert for Kenny and calls a cab for TJ. While Kenny goes down in the basement, Albert frees himself. Matt finds Kenny's corpse. Albert attacks Matt, after a brief fight, Matt kills him. Matt returns home to find TJ sleeping on the couch and spots a drawing that TJ made of himself as a superhero, he falls asleep. A film adaptation of Block’s novel had been in development for several years with a script from Scott Frank. In 2002, Harrison Ford was attached to D. J. Caruso to direct. In May 2012, Liam Neeson had signed on to play Matthew Scudder in the film, with Frank himself directing, production slated to begin February 2013. Filming began on March 2013 in New York City. Producers invited author Block to the set to watch filming. On the casting of Neeson, Block said, "Readers ask who'd be my ideal Matt Scudder, I change the subject, but now it's safe to tell you that since I saw him in Michael Collins, Neeson has been up at the top of my personal Scudder wish list. I couldn't be happier about either the star or the writer/director, both of them genuine artists and brilliant professionals.
My book's in good hands."The film was completed on October 8, 2013 and classified by the MPAA as rated R for "strong violence, disturbing images and brief nudity". On October 18, 2013, Block tweeted that he had seen the film and revealed producers were aiming for a September 2014 release. On January 30, 2014, it was announced the film would be released on September 19, 2014. A Walk Among the Tombstones grossed $26 million in North America and $36.1 million in other territories for a total gross of $62.1 million, against its $28 million budget. The film earned $428,000 from Thursday night from 1,918 theaters, $4.7 million from 2,712 theaters on its opening day. It debuted at number two at the box office on its opening weekend earning $13.1 million behind The Maze Runner. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 66% based on 147 reviews, with an average rating of 6.2/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "A Walk Among the Tombstones doesn't transcend its ge
John Moore (director)
John Moore is an Irish film director and producer best known for action war film Behind Enemy Lines and for the most recent entry in the long-running Die Hard franchise, A Good Day to Die Hard. Moore was born in Dundalk and attended Dublin Institute of Technology, where he attained a degree in Media Arts. Upon completing his course, Moore genuinely believed that he wouldn't go on to work within the medium of film, but after a few years, that promptly changed. After graduating, he directed a series of short films in Ireland. Several of these shorts have featured on Irish TV networks over the years, along the way Moore founded an Irish-based production company called Clingfilms, he went on to direct several commercials, including the launch advertisement for Dreamcast, which 20th Century Fox found so impressive they gave him the $17 million budget for Behind Enemy Lines. To date, Moore has made five films for 20th Century Fox: Behind Enemy Lines, Flight of the Phoenix, The Omen, Max Payne and A Good Day to Die Hard.
Despite receiving mixed reviews, both Behind The Omen did well at the box office. Flight of the Phoenix, received negative reviews and grossed just under $35 million worldwide, much less than the film's budget; the behind the scenes documentary on the DVD shows him at multiple points berating crew on set. Max Payne receiving negative reviews, but became a box office success, grossing $85 million on a $35 million budget. A Good Day to Die Hard has received negative reviews, but grossed $304 million on a $92 million budget, making it his highest-grossing film. In September 2008, Moore was involved in a dispute with the MPAA over the certification of his film Max Payne; the MPAA gave the film an R rating, which Moore argued against. The film was reedited and the rating was a month changed to PG-13, just before theatrical distribution. In late 2010, Moore was announced to be the director for the recent Die Hard film, A Good Day to Die Hard; the film premiered worldwide on 14 February 2013. Moore was considered to direct X-Men: The Last Stand as well as Friday the 13th.
Moore's brother, Éamonn, is a senior Public Health Physician and novelist in the UK. He has written a book called The Maiwand Lion. Moore's partner is Fiona Connon, a makeup artist whom he met through an industry friend early in his career in Ireland, they have Buzz. The family reside in Los Angeles. Moore told the BBC in September 2004 that he professes a belief in God; when asked if he was either religious or spiritual, Moore replied: Ah, what's that line from the movie? "Religion divides people, spirituality brings them together." Well, I think religion is dangerous but essential, it's undeniable. I think to divide spirituality and religion is an academic argument that just doesn't cut it in the real world." Despite his films receiving mixed-to-negative reviews from critics, for the most part Moore's films have proved popular with audiences. Critic Armond White has described Moore as "a Peckinpah-esque, neo-Eisenstein stylist whose grade-B material has kept him from receiving the acclaim he deserves".
In his review of Max Payne, White had stated that Moore "explores genuine, contemporary anxiety his images are richer than his plots". Among the rare positive reviews for A Good Day to Die Hard, Chris Tookey of the Daily Mail tabloid paper described the film as "...as stupid in its way as The Expendables and Taken 2, nowhere near the quality of the first three Die Hards. But if you approach it as I did, in a mood for preposterous action and massive explosions, it does deliver escapist entertainment and it's mercifully shorter than Die Hard 4. In a week as bad as this in the cinema, it is the only new movie I would have paid to see." Tookey gave the final verdict as being "Entertaining, but dumb." Along with a 3/5-star rating. Daniel M. Kimmel, writing for the New England Movies Weekly, found the film to be better than Live Free or Die Hard and states that the car chase scene "is well worth the price of admission". With a 3.5/5 rating, Kimmel summed up his review saying, "it's a good day to end the series at last, but it's an action-packed and entertaining finale."
Rick Groen of The Globe and Mail criticized the action scenes as being "messy", but concluded his review saying that the film "continues the franchise without undue embarrassment." Behind Enemy Lines Flight of the Phoenix The Omen Max Payne A Good Day to Die Hard I. T. Jack's Bicycle He Shoots, He Scores John Moore on IMDb
The Wolverine (film)
The Wolverine is a 2013 superhero film featuring the Marvel Comics character Wolverine. The film, distributed by 20th Century Fox, is the sixth installment in the X-Men film series and the second film of the Wolverine solo film series. Hugh Jackman reprises his role from previous films as the title character, with James Mangold directing a screenplay written by Scott Frank and Mark Bomback, based on the 1982 limited series Wolverine by Chris Claremont and Frank Miller. In the film, which follows the events of X-Men: The Last Stand, Logan travels to Japan, where he engages an old acquaintance in a struggle that has lasting consequences. Stripped of his healing factor, Wolverine must battle deadly samurai while struggling with guilt over Jean Grey's death; the film's development began in 2009 after the release of X-Men Origins: Wolverine. Christopher McQuarrie was hired to write a screenplay for The Wolverine in August 2009. In October 2010, Darren Aronofsky was hired to direct the film; the project was delayed following Aronofsky's departure and the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in March 2011.
In June 2011, Mangold was brought on board to replace Aronofsky. Bomback was hired to rewrite the screenplay in September 2011; the supporting characters were cast in July 2012 with principal photography beginning at the end of the month around New South Wales before moving to Tokyo in August 2012 and back to New South Wales in October 2012. The film was converted to 3D in post-production; the Wolverine was released on July 24, 2013, in various international markets, on July 26, 2013, in the United States. The film received favorable reviews from film critics with acclamations for its plot, action scenes, its humor, its thematic profundity; the film earned $414 million worldwide, nearly 3.5 times its estimated production budget of $120 million, making it the fifth highest-grossing film in the series. A third Wolverine film, titled Logan, was released on March 3, 2017. In 1945, Logan is held in a Japanese POW camp near Nagasaki. During the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Logan saves an officer named Ichirō Yashida by shielding him from the blast.
In the present day, Logan lives as a hermit in Yukon, tormented by hallucinations of Jean Grey, whom he was forced to kill to save the world. He is located by Yukio, a mutant with the ability to foresee people's deaths, on behalf of Ichirō, now the CEO of a technology zaibatsu. Ichirō, dying of cancer, wants Logan to accompany Yukio to Japan so that he may repay his life debt. In Tokyo, Logan meets Ichirō's son and granddaughter, Mariko. There, Ichirō offers to transfer Logan's healing abilities into his own body, thus saving Ichirō's life and alleviating Logan of his near-immortality, which Logan views as a curse. Logan prepares to leave the following day; that night, Ichirō's physician Dr. Green introduces something into Logan's body, but Logan dismisses it as a dream; the next morning, Yukio informs Logan that she did not foresee his death. At the funeral, Yakuza gangsters attempt to kidnap Mariko, but Logan and Mariko escape together into the urban sprawl of Tokyo. Harada, a Ninja of the Blackfoot clan, shots off some of the Yakuza with arrows from atop of the city buildings to protect Mariko.
Logan is shot and his wounds do not heal as as they should. After fighting off more Yakuza on a bullet train and Mariko hide in a local love hotel. Meanwhile, Harada meets with Dr. Green who, after demonstrating her mutant powers on him, demands he find Logan and Mariko. Logan and Mariko travel to Ichirō's house in Nagasaki, the two fall in love. Back in Tokyo, Shingen uses the local police to search for Mirko, he enlist Mirko's fiance Noburo Mori, a corrupt Minister Of Justice, to use his underworld contacts. Shingen expresses to Noburo. Meanwhile, Yukio goes to warn him. Before Yukio arrives, Mariko is captured by the Yakuza. After interrogating one of the kidnappers and Yukio confront Noburo. Noburo confesses that he conspired with Shingen to have Mariko killed because Ichirō left control of the company to Mariko, not Shingen. Mariko is brought before Shingen at Ichirō's estate; the Blackfoot Ninjas led by Harada and accompanied by Dr. Green attack the compound. Dr. Green stabs Shingen in the neck with a poisoned pen and the Ninjas whisk Mariko away.
Logan and Yukio arrive and, using Ichirō's X-ray machine, discover a robotic parasite attached to Logan's heart, suppressing his healing ability. Logan extracts the device. During the operation, who survived Dr. Green's attack, attempts to kill Logan but Yukio holds Shingen off long enough for Logan to recover and kill Shingen. Logan follows Mariko's trail to the village of Ichirō's birth, where he is captured by Harada's ninjas. Logan is placed in a machine by Dr. Green, who reveals her plans to extract his healing factor and introduces him to the Silver Samurai, an electromechanical suit of Japanese armor with energized swords made of adamantium. Harada tries to convince Mariko that the events happening are for her well being but Mariko escapes from Harada by stabbing him in the leg. Harada sees the error of his ways and while attempting to stop the Silver Samurai he is killed. Meanwhile, Yukio kills Dr. Green as Logan fights the Silver Samurai; the Silver Samurai severs Logan's adamantium claws and begins to extract Logan's healing abilities through his bone marrow, revealing himself to be Ichirō, who had faked his death.
Ichirō regains his youth. Logan regenerates his bone claws and
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though novelists write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, while others aspire to support themselves in this way or write as an avocation. Most novelists struggle to get their debut novel published, but once published they continue to be published, although few become literary celebrities, thus gaining prestige or a considerable income from their work. Novelists come from a variety of backgrounds and social classes, this shapes the content of their works. Public reception of a novelist's work, the literary criticism commenting on it, the novelists' incorporation of their own experiences into works and characters can lead to the author's personal life and identity being associated with a novel's fictional content. For this reason, the environment within which a novelist works and the reception of their novels by both the public and publishers can be influenced by their demographics or identity.
Some novelists have creative identities derived from their focus on different genres of fiction, such as crime, romance or historical novels. While many novelists compose fiction to satisfy personal desires and commentators ascribe a particular social responsibility or role to novel writers. Many authors use such moral imperatives to justify different approaches to novel writing, including activism or different approaches to representing reality "truthfully". Novelist is a term derivative from the term "novel" describing the "writer of novels"; the Oxford English Dictionary recognizes other definitions of novelist, first appearing in the 16th and 17th centuries to refer to either "An innovator. However, the OED attributes the primary contemporary meaning of "a writer of novels" as first appearing in the 1633 book "East-India Colation" by C. Farewell citing the passage "It beeing a pleasant observation to note the order of their Coaches and Carriages.. As if it had bin the spoyles of a Tryumph leading Captive, or a preparation to some sad Execution" According to the Google Ngrams, the term novelist first appears in the Google Books database in 1521.
The difference between professional and amateur novelists is the author's ability to publish. Many people take up novel writing as a hobby, but the difficulties of completing large scale fictional works of quality prevent the completion of novels. Once authors have completed a novel, they will try to get it published; the publishing industry requires novels to have accessible profitable markets, thus many novelists will self-publish to circumvent the editorial control of publishers. Self-publishing has long been an option for writers, with vanity presses printing bound books for a fee paid by the writer. In these settings, unlike the more traditional publishing industry, activities reserved for a publishing house, like the distribution and promotion of the book, become the author's responsibility; the rise of the Internet and electronic books has made self publishing far less expensive and a realistic way for authors to realize income. Novelists apply a number of different methods to writing their novels, relying on a variety of approaches to inspire creativity.
Some communities encourage amateurs to practice writing novels to develop these unique practices, that vary from author to author. For example, the internet-based group, National Novel Writing Month, encourages people to write 50,000-word novels in the month of November, to give novelists practice completing such works. In the 2010 event, over 200,000 people took part – writing a total of over 2.8 billion words. Novelists don't publish their first novels until in life. However, many novelists begin writing at a young age. For example, Iain Banks began writing at eleven, at sixteen completed his first novel, "The Hungarian Lift-Jet", about international arms dealers, "in pencil in a larger-than-foolscap log book". However, he was thirty before he published his first novel, the controversial The Wasp Factory in 1984; the success of this novel enabled Banks to become a full-time novelist. An important writers' juvenilia if not published, is prized by scholars because it provides insight into an author's biography and approach to writing.
Novelists publish as early as their teens. For example, Patrick O'Brian published his first novel, Caesar: The Life Story of a Panda-Leopard, at the age of 15, which brought him considerable critical attention. Barbara Newhall Follett's The House Without Windows, was accepted and published in 1927 when she was 13 by the Knopf publishing house and earned critical acclaim from the New York Times, the Saturday Review, H. L. Mencken; these works will achieve popular success as well. For example, though Christopher Paolini's Eragon, was not a great critical success, but its popularity among readers placed it on the New York Times Children's Books Best Seller list for 121 weeks. First-time novelists of any age find themselves unable to get works published, because of a number of reasons reflecting the inexperience of the author and the economic realities of publishers. Authors mus
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster is an American actress and producer. She has received two Academy Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, the Cecil B DeMille Award. For her work as a director, she has been nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. A child prodigy, Foster began her professional career as a child model when she was three years old, she made her acting debut in 1968 in the television sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she worked in several television series and made her film debut with Disney's Napoleon and Samantha. Following appearances in the musical Tom Sawyer and Martin Scorsese's comedy-drama Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Foster's breakthrough came with Scorsese's psychological thriller Taxi Driver, in which she played a child prostitute, her other roles as a teenager include the musical Bugsy Malone and the thriller The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane, she became a popular teen idol by starring in Disney's Freaky Friday and Candleshoe, as well as Carny and Foxes.
After attending college at Yale, Foster struggled to transition into adult roles until she gained critical acclaim for playing a rape survivor in the legal drama The Accused, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She won her second Academy Award three years for the psychological horror The Silence of the Lambs, in which she portrayed Clarice Starling. Foster made her debut as a film director the same year with Little Man Tate, founded her own production company, Egg Pictures, in 1992; the company's first production was Nell, in which she played the title role, garnering her fourth nomination for an Academy Award. Her other successful films in the 1990s were the romantic drama Sommersby, western comedy Maverick, science fiction Contact, period drama Anna and the King. Foster experienced career setbacks in the early 2000s, including the cancellation of a film project and the closing down of her production company, but she starred in four commercially successful thrillers: Panic Room, Inside Man, The Brave One.
She has focused on directing in the 2010s, directing the films The Beaver and Money Monster, as well as episodes for Netflix television series Orange Is the New Black, House of Cards, Black Mirror. She starred in the films Carnage and Hotel Artemis. Alicia Christian Foster was born on November 19, 1962, in Los Angeles, the youngest child of Evelyn Ella and Lucius Fisher Foster III, her father came from a wealthy Chicago family whose forebears included John Alden, who arrived in North America on the Mayflower in 1620. He was a Yale University graduate, a decorated U. S. Air Force lieutenant colonel, a real estate broker, he had three sons from an earlier marriage before marrying Brandy in Las Vegas in 1953. Brandy grew up in Rockford, Illinois. Foster has Irish roots, with ancestry that can be traced back to County Cork. Before her birth and Lucius had three other children: daughters Lucinda "Cindy" Foster and Constance "Connie" Foster, son Lucius Fisher "Buddy" Foster, their marriage ended before Foster was born, she never established a relationship with her father.
Following the divorce, Brandy raised the children with her partner in Los Angeles. She worked as a publicist for film producer Arthur P. Jacobs, until focusing on managing the acting careers of Buddy and Jodie. Although Foster was named Alicia, her siblings began calling her "Jodie", the name stuck. Foster was a gifted child, she attended the Lycée Français de Los Angeles. Her fluency in French has enabled her to act in French films, she dubs herself in French-language versions of most of her English-language films, she understands Italian, although she does not speak it, as well as some German and Spanish. At her graduation in 1980, she delivered the valedictory address for the school's French division. A successful actor, Foster attended Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, she majored in literature, writing her thesis on Toni Morrison under the guidance of Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and graduated magna cum laude in 1985. She returned to Yale in 1993 to address the graduating class, was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1997.
Foster's career began with an appearance as the Coppertone girl in a television advertisement in 1965, when she was only three years old. Her mother had intended only for her older brother Buddy to audition for the ad, but had taken Jodie with them to the casting call, where she was noticed by the casting agents; the television spot led to more advertisement work, in 1968 to a minor appearance in the sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. in which her brother starred. In the following years Foster continued working in advertisements and appeared in over 50 television shows, she had recurring roles in The Courtship of Eddie's Father and Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, starred opposite Christopher Connelly in the short-lived Paper Moon, adapted from the hit film. Foster appeared in films for Disney. After a role in the television film Menace on the Mountain, she made her feature film debut in Napoleon and Samantha, playing a girl who becomes friends with a boy, played by Johnny Whitaker, his pet lion, she was accidentally gr