Law enforcement agency
A law enforcement agency, in North American English, is a government agency responsible for the enforcement of the laws. Outside North America, such organizations are called police services. In North America, some of these services are called police, others are known as sheriff's offices/departments, while investigative police services in the United States are called bureaus, for example the Federal Bureau of Investigation. LEAs which have their ability to apply their powers restricted in some way are said to operate within a jurisdiction. LEAs will have some form of geographic restriction on their ability to apply their powers; the LEA might be able to apply its powers within a country, for example the United States of America's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Explosives or its Drug Enforcement Administration, within a division of a country, for example the Australian state Queensland Police, or across a collection of countries, for example international organizations such as Interpol, or the European Union's Europol.
LEAs which operate across a collection of countries tend to assist in law enforcement activities, rather than directly enforcing laws, by facilitating the sharing of information necessary for law enforcement between LEAs within those countries, for example Europol has no executive powers. Sometimes a LEA’s jurisdiction is determined by the complexity or seriousness of the non compliance with a law; some countries determine the jurisdiction in these circumstances by means of policy and resource allocation between agencies, for example in Australia, the Australian Federal Police take on complex serious matters referred to it by an agency and the agency will undertake its own investigations of less serious or complex matters by consensus, while other countries have laws which decide the jurisdiction, for example in the United States of America some matters are required by law to be referred to other agencies if they are of a certain level of seriousness or complexity, for example cross state boundary kidnapping in the United States is escalated to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Differentiation of jurisdiction based on the seriousness and complexity of the non compliance either by law or by policy and consensus can coexist in countries. A LEA which has a wide range of powers but whose ability is restricted geographically to an area, only part of a country, is referred to as local police or territorial police. Other LEAs have a jurisdiction defined by the type of laws they assist in enforcing. For example, Interpol does not work with political, religious, or racial matters. A LEA’s jurisdiction also includes the governing bodies they support, the LEA itself. Jurisdictionally, there can be an important difference between international LEAs and multinational LEAs though both are referred to as "international" in official documents. An international law enforcement agency has jurisdiction and or operates in multiple countries and across State borders, for example Interpol. A multinational law enforcement agency will operate in only one country, or one division of a country, but is made up of personnel from several countries, for example the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
International LEAs are also multinational, for example Interpol, but multinational LEAs are not international. Within a country, the jurisdiction of law enforcement agencies can be organized and structured in a number of ways to provide law enforcement throughout the country. A law enforcement agency’s jurisdiction can be for the whole country or for a division or sub-division within the country. LEA jurisdiction for a division within a country can be at more than one level, for example at the division level, state, province, or territory level, for example at the sub division level, county, shire, or municipality or metropolitan area level. In Australia for example, each state has its own LEAs. In the United States for example each state and county or city has its own LEAs; as a result, because both Australia and the United States are federations and have federal LEAs, Australia has two levels of law enforcement and the United States has multiple levels of law enforcement, Tribal, County, Town, special Jurisdiction and others.
A LEA’s jurisdiction will be geographically divided into operations areas for administrative and logistical efficiency reasons. An operations area is called a command or an office. While the operations area of a LEA is sometimes referred to as a jurisdiction, any LEA operations area still has legal jurisdiction in all geographic areas the LEA operates, but by policy and consensus the operations area does not operate in other geographical operations areas of the LEA. For example, the United Kingdom’s Metropolitan Police is divided into 32 Borough Operational Command Units, based on the London boroughs, the New York City Police Department is divided into 77 precincts. Sometimes the one legal jurisdiction is covered by more than one LEA, again for administrative and logistical efficiency reasons, or arising from policy, or historical reasons. For example, the area of jurisdiction of English and Welsh law is covered by a number of LEAs called constabularies, each of which has legal jurisdiction over the whole area covered by English and Welsh law, but they do not operate out of their areas without formal liaison between them.
The primary difference between separate agencies and operational areas within the one legal jurisdiction is the degree of flexibility to move resources between versus within agencies. When multiple LEAs cover the one legal jurisdiction, each agency still organizes itself into operations
Essex Police is a territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Essex, in the east of England, consisting of over 1.7 million people and around 1,400 square miles. It is one of the largest non-metropolitan police forces in the United Kingdom, employing over 2,900 police officers; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington, who took up the appointment in October 2018. Assistant Chief Constable for Media Relations Steve Worron is simultaneously ACC for Area Operations for Kent Police due to the two forces forming a joint Serious Crime Directorate; as of 2017, Assistant Chief Constable Nick Downing became the head of the Serious Crime Directorate for Kent and Essex Police. In November 2012, the first Essex Police and Crime Commissioner election took place, in which Conservative candidate Nick Alston achieved 30.5% of the first round votes, 51.5% of the second round votes against Independent candidate Mick Thwaites. Alston set his 4 priorities in his election statement as 1) policing that meets local needs, 2) policing, prompt and professional, 3) effective cooperation and partnership between Police and the Voluntary Sector, 4) to be an influential voice in leading public engagement about crime reduction and policing, to listen to and speak for the victims of crime.
Nick Alston was elected with a 12.8% turnout. Essex police were featured in 3 of Channel 5's Police Interceptors. Essex Constabulary was formed in 1840. In 1965, the force had an establishment of 1,862 officers. Southend-on-Sea Borough Police was established by the county borough of Southend-on-Sea, England, in 1914. In 1969 Southend-on-Sea Borough Police amalgamated with Essex Constabulary to become the Essex and Southend-on-Sea Joint Constabulary; this merger was campaigned against by the local MPs. Colchester at one time had its own police force; the title was shortened to Essex Police in 1974. In April 2000, it took over parts of the county in the south-west in the Metropolitan Police Area. Epping Forest Keepers act as Epping Forest constables in the Forest parishes in the south-west of the Essex Police area. Essex Police is one of the United Kingdom's largest non-metropolitan police forces with a strength of over 2,900 police officers, its headquarters, the Force Control Room and Essex Police College, are all located in Chelmsford.
Strategically, Essex is an important force. Bordering London, the force area consists of affluent city suburbs, large urban areas, industrial centres, rural villages, London Stansted Airport and two of the UK's major ports; the force polices one of the largest expanses of coastline of any force in the UK. The police area covers 1,400 square miles and has a population of around 1,700,000; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington who replaced Stephen Kavanagh after he retired in October 2018. The force has been a regular innovator and is used by the Home Office to trial new procedures and equipment, including automatic number plate recognition and the X26 Taser. Essex Police was the subject of the television series Police Interceptors, which followed the work of the specialist Mobile Support Division's ANPR intercept unit that utilise high-performance pursuit vehicles, including the Mitsubishi Evo X and Subaru Impreza, to pursue and intercept mobile criminals. In late 2016, Essex Police was the subject of a television series The Force: Essex, which followed the duties and responsibilities of Essex Police in the modern day, covering the front-line aspect of the police officers on duty, across Essex.
A number of specialist teams within Essex were grouped into the Mobile Support Division. In 2012 Essex Police moved away from the divisional structure to a patrol based structure and the former components of the Mobile Support Division were moved to new command structures. Roads Policing and Dog Section became part of the Patrol function. Crime Division works across the territorial divisions of Essex and with forces nationwide, providing resources and expertise; as a division within Essex Police, it deals with the specialist aspects of crime investigation, tending to focus on serious crime, but not and provides support to territorial divisions' efforts in investigating crime. Crime Division has a command team structure of a divisional commander, supported by a director of intelligence, lead senior investigating officer, support manager and divisional administrative manager, based at the Chelmsford headquarters; this team is supported by section heads. The work of the various departments of Crime Division are both reactive.
The way in which major crimes are investigated has changed over time. 30 years ago, the head of Crime Division would have carried out every part of the investigation in a murder case himself, including interviewing key witnesses. However, this has now been transformed with the advent of computerised Major Investigation Rooms and concerns over handling complex, high-profile enquiries like the Stephen Lawrence case. In April 2000, the Major Investigation Team was set up to investigate homicides, abductions and extortion; each major investigation has a senior investigation officer, like the conductor of an orchestra, overseeing all the different parts of the investigations. The SIO works with a MIT and they are supported by the resources of Major Investigation Centralised Administrative Support. There are four MIT offices, at Harlow, Brentwood and Rayleigh; the sc
West Midlands Police
West Midlands Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing the metropolitan county of West Midlands in England. Covering an area with nearly 2.9 million inhabitants, which includes the cities of Birmingham, Coventry and the Black Country. The force is led by Chief Constable Dave Thompson; the force area is divided into ten Local Policing Units, each being served by four core policing teams – Response, Neighbourhood and Community Action & Priority – with the support of a number of specialist crime teams. These specialist teams include CID, traffic and a firearms unit who provide a twenty-four-hour availability to attend reported incidents involving the use of firearms and knives. From comparative data published by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary for the twelve months up to September 2013, West Midlands Police recorded 62.93 crimes per 1000 population against an average for England and Wales of 61.39. Total recorded crime was down 3% on the same period the previous year against an average of a 3% fall nationally.
Detection rates for the same period were 23% against a national average of 29% and victim surveys indicated 84.76% of victims were satisfied with overall service provided by West Midlands Police compared against a national average of around 85%. West Midlands Police is a partner, alongside Staffordshire Police, in the Central Motorway Police Group; the force is party to a number of other resource sharing agreements including the National Police Air Service under which its helicopter is made available as a resource for neighbouring forces. Prior to the formation of West Midlands Police as it is known today, the area now covered by the force was served by a total of six smaller constabularies; these constabularies were as follows: Birmingham City Police 1839–1974: Established in 1839 following an outbreak of Chartist rioting that the Metropolitan Police had to help quell, officers from Birmingham City Police first took to the streets on 20 November of that year. With a strength of 260 officers paid at a rate of 17 shillings a week, the constabulary expanded to keep pace with the growth of the city with the final areas to be added before the force's amalgamation in West Midlands Police being the Hollywood area.
Coventry Police 1836–1974: Formed with the Municipal Corporations Act in 1836, Coventry Police was only twenty officers with the support of a single sergeant and one inspector. The force reached a strength of 137 officers by 1914 and continued to grow until in 1969 it was merged with the Warwickshire and Coventry Constabulary, part of which it remained until the formation of West Midlands Police. Dudley Borough Police 1920–1966: Formerly part of the Worcestershire Constabulary, Dudley gained its own police force on 1 April 1920 following a review by His Majesty's Inspector that had suggested previous policing arrangements were unsatisfactory. Dudley Borough Police remained independent until the Royal Commission in 1960 which resulted in its inclusion as part of the newly formed West Midlands Constabulary. Walsall Borough Police 1832–1966: Moving away from a'watch' system, Walsall Borough Police were formed on 6 July 1832 with an initial strength of only one superintendent and three constables.
As with the other regional forces, Walsall Borough Police expanded with the area's population and in 1852 appointed its first two detectives. The force took on its first female recruits in 1918 and in the 1960s became one of the first forces to issues its officers with personal radios; as with Dudley's police force, Walsall Borough Police became part of the West Midlands Constabulary following the Royal Commission. West Midlands Constabulary 1966–1974: Lasting only eight years, West Midlands Constabulary was a newly formed force encompassing a number of smaller borough forces including Dudley Borough Police, Walsall Borough Police, Wolverhampton Borough Police and parts of Staffordshire and Worcestershire Constabularies; the creation of the West Midlands Constabulary was the consequence of 1960's Royal Commission into policing. Wolverhampton Borough Police 1837–1966: The formation of Wolverhampton Borough Police was approved on 3 August 1837 under the condition that the strength of the force not exceed sixteen men.
The Police Act 1839 saw Staffordshire County Police taking over policing in Wolverhampton with Wolverhampton Borough Police regaining responsibility for policing the town in 1848. At the turn of the 20th century the force was 109 strong, reaching a highpoint of around 300 before the force became part of the short lived West Midlands Constabulary in 1966. West Midlands Police was formed on 1 April 1974, owing to the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 which created the new West Midlands metropolitan county, it was formed by merging the Birmingham City Police, the earlier West Midlands Constabulary, parts of Staffordshire County and Stoke-on-Trent Constabulary and Coventry Constabulary and West Mercia Constabulary. The first Chief Constable appointed to the new force was Sir Derrick Capper, the last Chief Constable of Birmingham Police. Between 1974 and 1989, the force operated the West Midlands Serious Crime Squad, it was disbanded after allegations of endemic misconduct. These included allegations that officers had falsified confessions in witness statements, denied suspects access to solicitors and used torture such as "plastic bagging" to pa
Police intelligence refers to an element of the British police. Staffed by police officers and support staff, its purpose is to track and predict crime with a view to curbing it, it is an emerging field that gained momentum after the National Criminal Intelligence Service launched the National Intelligence Model, which formalised the contribution intelligence makes to policing. There are intelligence units at divisional level; the Intelligence analysts investigate, committing crimes, when and why. They provide recommendations on how to stop or curb the offences; as part of this, analysts produce profiles of crime problems and individual subjects, produce both strategic and tactical assessments within the confines set by the individual police force. These assessments and profiles are used to both monitor and predict crime, aiming to move policing from "reactionary" investigation to "proactive" investigation. Analysts look for links between a wide variety of intelligence sources to work out what is going on, make recommendations on how to stop it.
This is done at all levels, from local police stations dealing with town issues, to whole county crime, regional crime and beyond. At the heart of police intelligence is the intelligence analyst. Analysts are drawn from diverse backgrounds. Most have experience working in an analytical field, they are recruited on a per-vacancy basis directly by the police force that will employ them, not through any national scheme. Analysts work closely with regular police officers on particular areas of crime. Opportunities exist for progression within the profession. Opportunities are to exist for analysts to work on a national level with the Serious Organised Crime Agency, now the National Crime Agency. Analysts have a huge endless, variety of sources to work from; these include the UK National DNA Database, Police National Computer, crime reports and information from witnesses, information from informants and agents, local knowledge, surveillance logs, force intelligence summaries and newspaper reports. Intelligence Units have staff whose job is to build up and develop intelligence, analysts are expected to make sense of this information and identify gaps for intelligence-gathering officers to fill.
Analysts have a number of IT systems to help make sense of the information, including i2, bespoke police information management systems, geographical mapping tools and social mapping tools. They work and exchange information with other law enforcement agencies, including the Serious Organised Crime Agency, other police forces and MI5. British Police Forward Intelligence Team Intelligence-led policing MI5 Serious Organised Crime Agency International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts Intelligence led Policing Resources and the People assets of the National Intelligence Model Profile of an Analyst Working for Sussex Police
Merseyside Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing Merseyside in North West England. The service area is 647 square kilometres with a population of around 1.5 million. As of September 2017 the service has 3,484 police officers, 1,619 police staff, 253 police community support officers, 155 designated officers and 208 special constables. In terms of officer numbers, the force is the 8th largest of the 48 police forces of the United Kingdom. However, in terms of geographic area of responsibility, it is the 3rd smallest of the territorial police forces after the City of London Police and Cleveland Police; the force is led by Chief Constable Andy Cooke. The service came into being in 1974 when Merseyside was created, is a successor to the Liverpool and Bootle Constabulary, along with parts of Cheshire Constabulary and Lancashire Constabulary. A proposal to merge the force with the Cheshire Constabulary to form a strategic police force was made by the Home Secretary on 6 February 2006 but abandoned.
Merseyside maintained in 2018 it could lose 300 officers, reducing the force to 3,172. This would be a 31 % reduction since 2010. 1974 – 1975 - Sir James Haughton 1976 – 1989 - Sir Kenneth Oxford 1989 – 1998 - Sir James Sharples 1998 – 2004 - Sir Norman Bettison 2004 – 2009 - Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe October 2009 – January 2010 - Bernard Lawson February 2010 – June 2016 - Sir Jonathan Murphy from July 2016 - Andy Cooke Since 15 November 2012 the Merseyside Police and Crime Commissioner is Jane Kennedy. The police and crime commissioner is scrutinised by the Merseyside Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in Merseyside. Before November 2012 the Merseyside Police Authority was the police governance. Merseyside Police is divided into five Basic Command Units, one in each of the metropolitan boroughs that make up Merseyside; the BCUs are: Liverpool Sefton Wirral St Helens Knowsley There are many different departments that make up Merseyside Police. These include the Matrix Disruption Team and the Anti-Social Behaviour Taskforce.
Chief Constable, Andy Cooke is concerned about budget cuts. Cooke stated, “The impact of the proposed changes on police officer pensions cannot, should not, be underestimated, it is incumbent on me to ensure that those who will make the final decisions in relation to the pension changes understand the crippling impact these changes will have on policing.”.” The Matrix Disruption Team, led by a Chief Inspector, consists of syndicates made up of Inspectors and Constables. Each syndicate works with other Matrix units to provide the force with a level two response to gun crime, faction based criminality and cash-in-transit robberies, they are the first response to any major large-scale disorder within the Merseyside force area. These officers are trained to deal with a variety of disorder situations, ranging from small protests to large-scale crowd disorder; the Matrix team uses marked yellow Mercedes Sprinter vans with the slogan "Matrix - A force to be reckoned with" on the left of the vehicle.
Public order is one of the main functions of the department and therefore all officers receive the required training and are subjected to rigorous training scenarios. Matrix has a number of baton gun trained specialist officers: ten Constables; the Matrix team have specialist search teams and rope access teams. The team uses a marked Vauxhall Vectra Estate but this does not have any Matrix markings on, just the usual Merseyside livery; the Anti-Social Behaviour Taskforce dealt with people who were alleged to be creating anti-social behaviour. They made raids for drugs and known offenders who were alleged to be lowering the standard of life for the community, they used yellow Mercedes Sprinter police vans with special markings on the side to show that they were used by the ASB Taskforce. They had different numbers on. There was an ASB Taskforce Peugeot Expert van and a 2009 Ford Focus Estate; the unit was known as Axis, but the use of this name was dropped around the end of 2007. It was publicly announced on 9 July 2010 that as a result of budget reductions, this department would be closed and they disbanded in early 2011.
Merseyside Police Mounted Section has a long history. It is the oldest Provincial Mounted section, formed in 1886 as part of Liverpool City Police, it is an integral part of the Operational Support Unit, is based at Greenhill Road, Liverpool. The mounted section is an operational specialist section with a staff of 1 Inspector, 2 Sergeants, 14 Constables, 6 civilian stable hands and 14 horses; the section provides neighbourhoods with an alternative response to reduce the incidents of crime & disorder, using an intelligence-led approach, a tactical option in relation to public order & major incidents, as well as high visibility patrolling at football matches, rugby matches, race meetings and other special events. Each area within the force has its own allocation of dogs and handlers who work alongside the neighbourhood patrol section. There are 70 general purpose dogs in the force area, 16 of these have extended training for deployment alongside colleagues from the firearms department. Merseyside Police, like most forces, rely on the German Shepherd Dog for their general purpose police dog work.
All general purpose work involves the dogs' outstanding sense
Suffolk Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing Suffolk in East Anglia, England. Suffolk Constabulary is responsible for policing an area of 939,510 acres, with a population of 678,074 and 288,473 households; the area covered is principally rural and coastal and the force has two territorial areas: Eastern and Western. The Eastern Area HQ is at the Western Area HQ at Bury St Edmunds; each area is divided into sectors, with boundaries matching those of local district or borough councils. There are a total of 14 sectors across the county, each commanded by an inspector or chief inspector; as of 2 July 2005, Suffolk Constabulary had 1,305 police officers and 841 police staff, supplemented by 264 special constables, 15 traffic wardens and 34 police community support officers. It was overseen by a Police Authority consisting of nine councillors, three justices of the peace and five independent members, but in common with other English and Welsh forces outside London is now responsible to a Police and Crime Commissioner.
The current Suffolk Police and Crime Commissioner is Tim Passmore of the Conservative Party. The retirement of Douglas Paxton after a long period of ill health has now lead to the appointment of T/CC Gareth Wilson to the role of the new Chief Constable; the National Police Air Service operates the helicopter from Wattisham Airfield serving Suffolk and East Anglia. However the NPAS announced in February 2015 that Suffolk’s police helicopter base is set to close with plans for 10 bases to be closed across the country to take effect in the 2016/2017 financial year; this will leave Boreham near Chelmsford as the closest base to Suffolk. As part of continued savings for Suffolk Constabulary, In 2011 the Suffolk and Norfolk Constabularies dogs sections collaborated; the new unit consists of 25 Police Constable dog handlers and overseen by two Police Sergeants and an Inspector. The unit uses Home Office licensed general purpose dogs that are either German Shepherds or Belgium Malinois. In addition a number of handlers operate specialist search dogs capable of detecting either cash, firearms or explosives.
For this role the Constabulary uses a number of breeds including Labradors. Officers part of the Traffic Police are responsible for the policing the two main road networks in Suffolk, the A14 and the A12, in addition to the county's highways; the department uses Automatic Number Plate Recognition on many of the unit's vehicles to reduce vehicle crime, including identifying vehicles without relevant documents or insurance. The unit conducts targeted campaigns to increase public awareness of dangers on the road, these are divided into five main elements from the National Roads Policing Strategy: Reducing the number of road casualties. Denying criminals use of the roads. Preventing anti-social use of motor vehicles. Enhancing public confidence and reassurance by patrolling the county’s roads. Countering terrorism; the firearms unit in Suffolk Police is known as the Tactical Firearms Unit made up Authorised Firearms Officers and have a specialist rifle team. The TFU are trained in conflict management and method of entry, they are trained to use specialist equipment to gain quick entry into properties and assist with search warrants.
Armoury: Glock 17 self-loading pistol G36 Carbine TMR1 7.62mm rifle Heckler & Koch 5.56 mm rifle Remington pump action shotgun. A more recent addition is the Koch baton gun; this provides officers with a less lethal option. TFU officers have the X26 Taser available for deployment as another less lethal option; the Taser operates by discharging two barbs, which attach to the clothing, or penetrate the skin of the person. This creates a circuit through which 50000 volts of electricity is passed causing temporary incapacitation; the force formed from the merger of East Suffolk Constabulary. Those forces had been merged in 1869 and the split again in 1899; the most recent merger took place in 1967, which saw the Ipswich borough police merged. In 2006 Suffolk Constabulary merged the role of traffic warden with that of PCSO; those traffic wardens that did not wish to pursue this role either retired or took employment elsewhere. Proposals announced by the Home Secretary Charles Clarke on 20 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with neighbouring forces Norfolk Constabulary and Cambridgeshire Constabulary to form a strategic police force for East Anglia.
However, the proposals were abandoned. 1967–1968: Sir Peter Jack Matthews <1970–1976: Arthur Burns 1976–1983: Stuart Leonard Whiteley 1989–1998: Anthony Thomas Coe 1998–2002: Sir Paul Joseph Scott-Lee (afterwards Chief Constable of the West Midlands, 2002} 2003–2007: Alastair McWhirter 2007–??: Simon Ash 2013–2015: Douglas Paxton 2016: Gareth Wilson Suffolk Constabulary gained widespread attention in December 2006, when it began to investigate the murder of five women working as prostitutes in the Ipswich area. The murders generated media interest both nationally and internationally; the inquiry was the largest mounted by Suffolk Police in its history. The disappearance of Corrie McKeague launched another unusually large investigation, involving officers from other constabularies and civilian volunteers. Policing in the United Kingdom Suffolk Police Suffolk Police and Crime Commissioner
Derbyshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Derbyshire, England. The force covers an area of over 1,000 square miles with a population of just under one million. To police the county the force is divided into two territorial divisions, based in the towns of Buxton and Chesterfield, Derby; the Force Headquarters, near Ripley and close to the A38 road, is Butterley Hall, former residence of Benjamin Outram and once owned by the Butterley Company. The Old Hall and additional buildings in the large grounds house much of the force's central administrative services; the Ops Divisions HQ at Wyatts Way Ripley is now the home of Operational Support Division which encompasses the Road Policing Unit, Air Support, a partnership with Nottinghamshire Police), ARU, Dog Section, Uniform Task Force and Road Policing Support. The Constabulary is led by the Chief Constable assisted by a Deputy and two Assistant Chief Constables; each division is headed by a Chief Superintendent - the Divisional Commander - and each division is divided into Sections, which are led by an Inspector.
The force has an authorised establishment of 1,827 police officers, 350 special constables and 104 Police Community Support Officers The Chief Officers of the force worked in partnership with the 17 publicly elected representatives on the Derbyshire Police Authority, which shared responsibility for budgets and policy, was intended to ensure that the public of Derbyshire had a voice in the policing of their county. Since the introduction of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 the Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner is now responsible for tasks that were once completed by the Police Authority. In November 2012 Alan Charles was elected the Police and Crime Commissioner for Derbyshire for a four-year term. Charles served as Vice Chair of the Derbyshire Police Authority. Derbyshire Constabulary polices an area which ranges from remote rural locations to busy city-centre and suburban environments; the more urbanised east and south of the county, including the market town of Chesterfield and the city of Derby require more officers to respond to the needs of the large resident population, while the more rural north and west require the smaller number of officers to be more mobile.
Calls for service in the rural areas increase during summer as the population is boosted by twenty million visitors each year to the Peak District and its surrounds. Winter weather on the unforgiving high ground around Glossop and Kinder Scout can cause problems for traffic and residents. Derbyshire's different environments lead to different pressures on the police and different concerns for the public. Anti-social behaviour and drug abuse are more prevalent in town and city areas, whereas the rural districts are prone more to travelling crime. In general, Derbyshire has a lower crime rate in comparison to its neighbouring force areas of Greater Manchester Police, South Yorkshire Police, Nottinghamshire Police; these neighbouring areas all contain larger urban centres than Derbyshire and as a result criminals from these areas travel to Derbyshire to commit crime. A recent Home Office report indicated that Derbyshire had the lowest crime levels in the East Midlands region, the force states that crime rates have fallen in Derbyshire by 15% in the last year.
Proposals were made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 to integrate groups of police forces in England and Wales into'strategic' forces, which he saw as being more'fit for purpose' in terms of combating terrorism and organised crime. Under these proposals Derbyshire would have merged with nearby forces to create an'East Midlands Police'. However, these proposals were unpopular with much of the community and the police, for the moment have been deferred, leaving the East Midlands forces to continue independently. In 2010 following the coalition government's drive to reduce spending regional collaboration has been brought back to the table for serious and in depth discussion on how to provide the same or more for less; this may well be the forerunner of a regional force. The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
Since 1828 the following officers of Derbyshire Constabulary were killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress: Parish Constable William Taylor, 1828 Police Constable Joseph Moss, 1879 Police Constable Stevenson, 2013 In 1965, the force had an establishment of 852 and an actual strength of 775. 1873–?: Francis Joseph Parry 1876–1898: Lieutenant-Colonel William Addis Delacombe 1918–c.1927: Major Philip Francis Ross Anley 1954–1967: William Ewart Pitts 1967–1979: Sir Walter Stansfield 1979–1981: James Fryer 1981–1985: Alfred Parrish 1985–1990: Alan Smith 1990–2000: John Newing 2001–2007: David Coleman 2007–2017: Mick Creedon 2017–present: Peter Goodman List of law enforcement agenc