click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Scottish Natural Heritage

Scottish Natural Heritage is the public body responsible for Scotland's natural heritage its natural and scenic diversity. It advises the Scottish Government and acts as a government agent in the delivery of conservation designations, i.e. national nature reserves, local nature reserves, long distance routes, national parks, Sites of Special Scientific Interest, Special Areas of Conservation, Special Protection Areas and the national scenic areas. The protected areas in Scotland account for 20% of the total area, SSSIs alone 13%. SNH receives annual funding from the Government in the form of Grant in Aid to deliver Government priorities for the natural heritage. SNH programmes and priorities have a strong focus on helping to deliver the Scottish Government's National Outcomes and Targets which comprise the National Performance Framework. SNH is the Scottish Government's adviser on all aspects of nature, wildlife management and landscape across Scotland, helps the Scottish Government meet its responsibilities under European environmental laws in relation to the Habitats and Wild Birds Directives.

The agency employs in the region of 680 people, but much of SNH's work is carried out in partnership with others including local authorities, Government bodies, voluntary environmental bodies, community groups and land managers. The body has offices in most parts of Scotland including the main islands. SNH works with the Joint Nature Conservation Committee and the equivalent bodies for England and Northern Ireland to ensure a consistent approach to nature conservation throughout the United Kingdom and towards fulfilling its international obligations. SNH is a member of SEARS. In November 2019 it was announced that SNH would be re-branded as NatureScot with effect from 1 May 2020, however its legal persona and statutory functions would remain unchanged; the general aims of SNH as established in the Natural Heritage Act 1991 are to: Secure the conservation and enhancement of Scotland's natural heritage. Specific responsibilities of SNH include: Providing advice to the Scottish government on the development and implementation of policies relevant to the natural heritage of Scotland.

The conservation designations overlap with many protected areas covered by multiple designations. National nature reserves are areas of land or water designated under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 to contain habitats and species of national importance. NNRs can be owned by public, community or voluntary organisations but must be managed to conserve their important habitats and species, as well as providing opportunities for the public to enjoy and engage with nature. There are 43 NNRs in Scotland, which cover 154,250 hectares. SNH is responsible for designating NNRs in Scotland and for overseeing their maintenance and management; the majority of NNRs are directly managed by SNH. All NNRs in Scotland are designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Many form part of the Natura 2000 network, which covers Special Protection Areas and Special Areas of Conservation. Additionally, some of the NNRs are designated as Ramsar sites. There are 40 national scenic areas in Scotland, covering 13% of the land area of Scotland.

The 40 NSAs were identified in 1978 by the Countryside Commission for Scotland in 1978 as areas of "national scenic significance... of unsurpassed attractiveness which must be conserved as part of our national heritage". Vulnerable plant and animal species in Scotland are protected under various legislation. In many cases it is an offence to kill or capture members of a protected animal species, or to uproot plants. SNH's primary role in regard to protected species is to license activities that would otherwise be an offence. SNH is governed by the SNH board; as of April 2016, the board is chaired by Mike Cantlay. Board members are appointed by Scottish Government ministers for an initial term of 3 years and serve a maximum of two terms; the primary roles of the SNH board are to determine the objectives and policies of SNH in respect to its statutory obligations and guidance from the Scottish Government. Day-to-day operations of SNH are led by its management team consisting of a chief executive appointed by the board and three directors covering Policy and Advice and Corporate Services.

The current chief executive is Francesca Osowska. Supporting the Board are a Scientific Advisory Committee, a Protected Areas Committee and an Audit & Risk Manage

Stanbrook Abbey

Stanbrook Abbey in Wass, North Yorkshire is an abbey built as a contemplative house for Benedictine nuns. The community was founded in 1625 in Cambrai, Flanders part of the Spanish Netherlands, under the auspices of the English Benedictine Congregation. After being deprived of their abbey during the French Revolution, the surviving nuns fled to England and in 1838 settled in Stanbrook, where a new abbey was built; the English Benedictine congregation relocated to Wass in the North York Moors National Park in 2009. The Worcestershire property is operated as an events venue; the abbey began in Cambrai as the monastery of Our Lady of Comfort. The chief foundress was 17-year-old Helen More, professed as Sister Gertrude More, great-great-granddaughter of St Thomas More, she became Dame Gertrude More. The English Benedictine mystical writer Dom Augustine Baker trained the young nuns in a tradition of contemplative prayer which survives to the present. In 1793, during the French Revolution, the 22 nuns were ejected from their original house and imprisoned in Compiègne for 18 months, during which time four nuns died from the harsh conditions.

The survivors returned destitute to England and, with the encouragement of Dom Augustine Lawson settled in 1838 at Stanbrook Hall, Callow End, near Malvern, Worcestershire, in the Severn Valley. The initial abbey buildings in Worcestershire of 1838 were designed by Charles Day, an architect from Worcester, who designed St Francis Xavier Church, Hereford; the abbey church and cloisters of 1869-71 were completed to the designs of Edward Welby Pugin in Gothic Revival style and the Holy Thorn Chapel of 1885-86 was by Peter Paul Pugin. Stanbrook is celebrated for its traditions of Gregorian chant, devotional literature and fine printing; the translations of the writings of St Teresa of Avila are still in print a century after their publication. The Abbey started its printing operation in 1876 with the help of Father Laurence Shepherd, who not only wanted to restock the Abbey's library, but to supply the needs of the English Benedictine Congregation. Dame Agnes St Leger Clarke was the Abbey's first printer and presided over the Press from 1876 to 1892.

The Stanbrook Abbey Press was at one time the oldest private press in England, acquired an international reputation for fine printing under Dames Hildelith Cumming and Felicitas Corrigan. Cumming, printer for the Abbey from 1956 to 1991, is considered responsible for earning the Stanbrook Abbey Press a reputation as a great private press. Many celebrated printers and artists have been associated with the Stanbrook Abbey Press over the years, including Sydney Cockerell, Jan van Krimpen and John Dreyfus. Although digital printing and publishing continues at the Abbey on a small scale, the fine letterpress printing which made the Press famous had ceased by 1990; as of 2002 the community numbered two postulants. About 120 lay people, known as oblates, are associated with the monastery. In 2019, with the suppression of Oulton Abbey, the last few remaining nuns joined Stanbrook; the community announced in April 2002. Abbess Joanna Jamieson made the announcement that the Abbey would move from its Victorian abbey, with its 79,000 sq ft. of monastic buildings "to make the best use of its human and financial resources".

The Abbey looked at possible sites all over the country until it bought Crief Farm at Wass in the North York Moors National Park. Construction of the new monastery began on 18 June 2007; the building work will be completed in four distinct phases. The community moved into this new Stanbrook Abbey in Wass on 21 May 2009; the new abbey buildings in Yorkshire, by Feilden Clegg Bradley Studios, were given a RIBA National Award in 2016. In August 2010 the Grade II-listed Worcestershire property was sold to Clarenco LLP and, after refurbishment, is now an events venue and hotel. Previous abbesses include: Dame Clementia Cary Dame Barbara Constable Dame Catherine Gascoigne Dame Margaret Gascoigne Dame Frances Gawen Lady Cecilia A. Heywood Dame Joanna Jamieson Dame Laurentia McLachlan Dame Agnes More Dame Bridget More Dame Ester "Scholastica" Gregson 1846-62 and 1868-72 Stanbrook Abbey was the model for Brede Abbey in Rumer Godden's 1969 novel, In This House of Brede. Godden, who had asked the nuns of Stanbrook for prayers when her elder daughter was facing a risky pregnancy, gifted the Abbey with a portion of the copyright on the novel.

Iris Murdoch's novel The Bell is said to have been inspired by Stanbrook Abbey. Irish folk singer and Celtic harpist Mary O'Hara spent 12 years as a nun at Stanbrook Abbey; the pseudonym "Benedictine of Stanbrook" was used by Werburg Welch for a number of pieces of art. St. Teresa of Avila; the Interior Castle or The Mansions. London: Thomas Baker. Meinrad Craighead; the Mother's Birds: Images for a Death and a Birth. Worcester: Stanbrook Abbey Press, 1976. Teresa of Avila; the Way of Perfection. Cosimo, Inc. ISBN 1-60206-260-9. Holy Trinity Monastery, East Hendred, a daughter house List of abbeys and priories Stanbrook Abbey: a sketch of its history, 1625-1925, by a Nun of the same abbey. London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne, 1925. Butcher, David; the S

Kantonsschule Rämibühl

The Kantonsschule Rämibühl at the Rämistrasse in Zurich, founded in 1832 as "Oberrealschule" consists of four Kantonsschulen with different curricular profiles. The four schools, which are attended by more than 2000 students in total, are the Literargymnasium, the Realgymnasium, the Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliches Gymnasium and the Kunst- und Sportgymnasium Rämibühl; the Literargymnasium and the Realgymnasium, which focus on languages and humanities, were the first Swiss state-run schools to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme. Thus, in grades 9-12, some classes are taught in English; the Literaturgymnasium offers extensive courses in Classics including Latin and classical Greek. The Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliches Gymnasium Rämibühl is strong in mathematics and science; the usual duration of attendance is 4 years. After 2 years, students decide to focus either on Biology & Chemistry or Physics & Applied Mathematics as core subjects; the current school headmaster is Rektor Dr. Daniel Reichmuth.

The vice-headmasters are Prof. Dr. Jonas Halter; the Kunst- und Sportgymnasium is attended by students which have a particular talent in arts or sports. It is located in the same building as the MNG. All the schools support music and thus there exists not only a well-known orchestra but various school bands as well as a Department for individual musical education; the Kantonsschule produced the greatest talent to represent Switzerland at the IMO, along with his friend Valentin Imbach. Literargymnasium Realgymnasium Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliches Gymnasium Kunst und Sportgymasium

Rachel Miner

Rachel Anne Miner is an American actress. She first came to prominence for her portrayal of Michelle Bauer on the television soap opera Guiding Light, she made her film debut in Woody Allen's Alice, earned critical acclaim for her leading role in Bully. Her other film credits include The Black Penny Dreadful, she is known for her portrayal of Meg Masters on the television series Supernatural. In 2013, Miner revealed. Miner's television credits include Vickie in Shining Time Station:'Tis a Gift, Michelle Bauer on Guiding Light, a guest starring role as Laurel in a Sex and the City episode, "Twenty-something Girls vs. Thirty-something Women" and Astrid in NY-LON. In 2001, she starred in Bully; the plot follows several young adults in South Florida who enact a murder plot against a mutual friend who has physically and sexually abused them for years. The film itself was based on the July 1993 murder of Bobby Kent. Bully received mixed reviews from critics and has a "Rotten" rating of 54% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 91 reviews with an average score of 5.7 out of 10.

The film holds a score of 45 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 26 critics indicating'Mixed or average reviews'. Miner won an award at the Stockholm Film Festival for Best Actress. In 2005, Miner portrayed a young woman on a journey to discover who she is and why multiple enemies want her dead in the action film Circadian Rhythm; the movie was critically ignored, was poorly received in its few reviews. One reviewer stated that the film was a "directionless jumble of boring scenes strung together tenuously by a plot that feels like they were making it up as they went along," and that watching the film's ‘wire-fu’ fight scenes was akin to "being over at a friend's house when they’re getting yelled at by their parents."She appeared in 12 episodes of the 2007 television series Californication, as Dani California, a reference to a character appearing in several songs by the Red Hot Chili Peppers. In 2008, she appeared in "The Sacrifice", an episode of Fear Itself; that same year she was cast as the second lead in the psychological thriller The Butterfly Effect 3: Revelations.

The movie was filmed in Michigan and concluded filming in October 2008. It debuted at After Dark Horrorfest III, a horror film festival held in January 2009; the film was released on DVD on March 31, 2009. From 2009–13, Miner took over the role of Meg Masters, a recurring antagonist and demon in Supernatural; the writers wanted Meg's original actress Nicki Aycox to reprise the role in seasons, but cast Miner for storyline purposes. The character was killed off later. Tim Janson of Mania gave Miner's portrayal of Meg a positive review, saying no one played Meg "with such dripping sarcasm as Rachel Miner", he felt she "always adds spice when she appears". Diana Steenbergen of IGN felt Miner played the role "with vicious flair" and " Meg's brutality well, right from the beginning"; as time passed, she noted that the actress "has done well taking over the role". In 2010, Miner starred alongside James Franco in the Grasshopper segment of Distrust; the next year she was cast as Sgt. Hannah in the horror film 51, which began filming in April 2011 in Louisiana.

The film was released in limited theaters as part of "After Dark Originals". Among her theater credits are as "Jennifer" in Laura Cahill's Naked Faith: The Way at Naked Angels in New York, Margot Frank in The Diary of Anne Frank on Broadway, Rivkele in Donald Margulies's adaptation of Sholem Asch's God of Vengeance at ACT Theatre in Seattle, Sandy in Rebecca Gilman's Blue Surge at the Goodman Theatre in Chicago and at The Public Theater in New York. Since September 2017, Miner has been the Executive Director of the non-profit organization Random Acts, Inc. A third-generation actor, Miner is the daughter of director and producer Peter Miner and the granddaughter of director/producer Worthington Miner and actress Frances Fuller. In 1998, she married Home Alone actor Macaulay Culkin; the couple separated in 2000 and divorced in 2002. Miner was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 2010. Though rumors flew about her retirement, she has confirmed that she is in fact still acting and pushing for representation of disabled characters.

Sunday, Sonic Youth Only One, Yellowcard Rachel Miner on IMDb Rachel Miner at AllMovie Rachel Miner at the Internet Off-Broadway Database

Pharaoh's Island, River Thames

Pharaoh's Island is an island in the River Thames, in Surrey, England, 270 m upstream of Shepperton Lock. The island has a length of 280 m and a maximum width of 60 m. Shepperton Lock is 270 m downstream and two other channels leading to weirs diverge off after the island to its southeast; these channels surround Lock Island and Hamhaugh Island. The island is only accessible by boat, with the facilities of Lock Island downstream and moorings there or by the pub The Thames Court opposite its eastern tip on the nearer, north bank. Above the lock, the variation in river level has been between 0.08 m at the lock gate and 0.99 m. This compares favourably with variation below the lock at between 2.67 4.95 m in depth. It was purchased by the Treasury to give to Admiral Nelson after the Battle of the Nile, he used it as a fishing retreat. The island was known as Dog Ait until at least of the end of the 19th century. Tory MP and High Court Judge, Sir Cyril Atkinson built the first house in 1903 on the island and named it Sphinx due to his interest in Egyptology.

Since the late 20th century it has hosted 14 homes with individual moorings. Most of the properties have Egyptian names; the property names are, starting in the west: In January 2011, a small dinghy ferrying people from the island capsized with the loss of two lives. The fatalities were named as university professor Dr Rex Walford OBE and record producer Keith Lowde; as the home of his family, the island was the setting for director John Boorman's two semi-autobiographical films: Hope and Glory in 1987 and Queen and Country in 2014. Ian Hendry and his wife, fellow actor Janet Munro lived on the island in the 1960s. Islands in the River Thames "Shepperton Lock"; the River Thames Guide. Retrieved 8 January 2009

Mato Grosso

Mato Grosso is one of the states of Brazil, the third largest by area, located in the western part of the country. Neighboring states are: Rondônia, Pará, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul; the nation of Bolivia is located to the southwest. A state with a flat landscape that alternates between vast chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso contains three main ecosystems: the Cerrado, the Pantanal and the Amazon rainforest. Open pasture vegetation covers 40% of the state; the Chapada dos Guimarães National Park, with caves, grottoes and waterfalls, is one of its tourist attractions. In the north is the biodiverse Amazonian forest, which covered half of the state. Much of this has been cleared for logging, agricultural purposes and pastures; the Xingu Indigenous Park and the Araguaia River are in Mato Grosso. Further south, the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, is the habitat for nearly one thousand species of animals and many aquatic birds; the terrain of Mato Grosso is varied and includes cliffs and waterfalls.

It is home to the Chapada dos Guimarães National Park, a unique environment of sandstone mountains that have eroded into amazingly varied terrain. The biologically rich Pantanal, one of the world's largest wetland/prairie ecosystems, is located within this state. Much environmental degradation has occurred to the Pantanal since the late 20th century because of development, efforts to contain or slow it have had limited success; the Pantanal has a habitat similar to that of the Everglades in Florida in the United States, although the Pantanal is on a much larger scale. See also: History of Mato GrossoThe Bororo Indians live in the Mato Grosso area; as late as 1880, soldiers patrolled lands on the outskirts of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso's capital and largest city, to protect settlers from Bororo raids. By the end of the 19th century, although reduced by disease and by warfare with explorers, slave traders, prospectors and other indigenous groups, as many as five to ten thousand Bororo continued to occupy central and eastern Mato Grosso, as well as western Goiás.

The southwestern part of this state was ceded by Brazil to Bolivia in exchange for the then-Bolivian territory of Acre, according to the Treaty of Petrópolis in 1903. This remote area attracted expeditions of exploration in the early 20th century that sought to find lost civilizations. A notable example was British Captain Percy Fawcett's expedition to find the Lost City of Z which he believed existed in the jungles of Brazil. Certain proponents of the Hollow Earth hypothesis speculated that the region had sites of access to the interior of the earth and its settlements. In 1977, the state was split into two halves, the neighboring state of Mato Grosso do Sul was created from the other part of its territory. Mato Grosso had a high rate of population growth in the 20th century due to timber and agricultural development; the state as a whole has one of the lowest population densities of any Brazilian state. According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, 3,441,998 people resided in the state as of 2018.

The population density was 3.8 inhabitants/km2. Urbanization: 76.6% Population growth: 2.4% Houses: 836,000 Ethnically, the state includes a high proportion of caboclos, as do other areas of interior Brazil. The last PNAD census revealed the following numbers: 1,532,000 Brown people. Agriculture is the largest component of the state's GDP at 40.8%, followed by the service sector at 40.2%. The industrial sector represents 19% of the GDP. Mato Grosso's major exports include soybeans, wood and cotton; the state's share of the Brazilian economy is 1.8%. Vehicles: 1,614,797 Mobile phones: 4,500,000 Telephones: 527,000 Cities: 141 Portuguese is the official national language and the primary language taught in schools. English and Spanish are taught as part of the official high school curriculum. More than 58 universities are located in the state of Mato Grosso. Cuiabá is home to the following universities: Federal University of Mato Grosso; the local culture is rich due to the influences of and encounters with various cultures, such as indigenous peoples, colonial Spanish and other European settlers, Africans enslaved and transported there in the Atlantic slave trade by the Portuguese, other Europeans.

Two long periods of isolation contributed to its development along different lines than the coastal areas of Brazil. Recent immigration has brought many urban influences to the state. Cuiabá has a rich cuisine influenced by natives, they have maintained traditional dances and music. Dance and music were traditionally connected to the worship of Catholic saints and their festivals, Saint Benedict being one of the favorites; the four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday, known as Carnival, is well celebrated. As with every state in Brazil, Mato Grosso celebrates this holiday in a typical fashion - including parades and dance - with wide participation. Fishing in the Teles Pires, São Benedito and Azul rivers is productive all year long. With more than 570 species of catalogued birds and new species being discovered ever