Ione, Nevada is a ghost town in Nye County, located 23 miles east of Gabbs, Nevada. Ione came into existence in November, 1863 after silver was discovered by one Mr. P. A. Havens in the Shoshone Range. While most of the mining in the area was closer to communities such as Union and Grantsville, Ione developed as a trade and milling center. Members of the community were shortly petitioning the territorial government for the formation of a new county and in January, 1864 Nye county was organized within the Nevada Territory. Within three years development at Belmont had created enough excitement to lure away a great percentage of Ione's population, in February 1867 the county seat was removed to that location. Ione would find its second boom in 1896. In 1897 A. Phelps Stokes arrived in the Union District and purchased the majority of the mining and milling interests in the district, further facilitating Ione's resurrection. July, 1898 saw a significant drop in the value of silver, Ione deflated once again.
The town would see one more resurgence, about 1912, when attention was drawn to abundant cinnabar deposits in the area. This last boom was again short lived, ending in 1914, although the recovery of mercury would persist in the district into the 1930s. Ione's post office closed for the last time on April 30, 1959. Named from the mining district, organized by P. A. Haven in 1863, he named the new district from a mining district in California. Ione, name origin and meaning have never been established, various legends and conflicting sources exist. Preserving the Glory Days, Shawn Hall: University of Nevada Press, Reno, 1981
Gabbs is an unincorporated town in Nye County, United States. The population is the northernmost community of Greater Las Vegas. Gabbs was founded circa December 1941 as a company town for Basic Magnesium, Inc. which operated a magnesium production plant in the area. The town grew out of an earlier mining camp named Brucite, took the name of the surrounding Gabbs Valley, itself named after paleontologist William Gabb. World War II demand for magnesium fueled the plant's expansion under the direction of the War Production Board, policing, a jail, a school district were established during 1942. Gabbs became a township in June 1943, with a population of 426. Settlements at North Gabbs, South Gabbs, Tent City were served by a library, city hall and tennis courts, a succession of local newspapers; the city incorporated on March 29, 1955. In September 1944 the original magnesium plant was closed, having produced enough ore to meet targets for the projected duration of the war; the local population fell, but revived when a new plant administered by Basic Refractories, Inc. producing magnesium for the private sector, was opened in 1955.
The town's population climbed to 796 by 1960. In 1982 BRI laid off half its 350 workers. An influx of workers to a gold mine in nearby Paradise Peak expanded the population again during the 1980s and 1990s, but this plant too closed in 1994, in 2001 Gabbs lost its incorporated status. Today the town retains a high school and homes. Gabbs is located at 38°51′59″N 117°55′32″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.2 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 269 people, 121 households, 78 families residing in the census-designated place of Gabbs; the population density was 122.3 people per square mile. There were 183 housing units at an average density of 83.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.4% White, 5.6% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.7% some other race, 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population. There were 121 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families.
32.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.4% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22, the average family size was 2.78. In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 36.8% from 45 to 64, 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.2 males. For the period 2007-2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the CDP was $26,250, the median income for a family was $26,346; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,630. About 28.1% of families and 21.8% of the population were below the poverty line
Springdale is a owned ghost town in Nevada, United States. It is inaccessible to the general public. Springdale lies in Nye County, along the Amargosa River at a crossroad of U. S. Route 95 between Las Vegas and Reno; the first settlers in the area were Native American Indians. When the first Europeans arrived in the late 1800s, six ranches were built along the Bonanza Trail, making use of the valley's fertile soil. Three were owned by George Davies, Ed Giles and "Panamint Joe" Stuart of the Indian Joe Ranch, sold to A. J. Lidwell. One ranch was called Windmill Ranch. Albert J. "Lucky" Lidwell set up a town around the old Indian Joe Ranch in July 1906. A station of the Bullfrog Goldfield Railroad was opened in May 1907, used by the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad since 1908; the area was rich in both water, which were both needed to run steam locomotives. In 1907, the town got its own post office, of course with Lucky Lidwell as postmaster. By that time the town had several restaurants, a school, a depot, a sawmill.
A fifty-ton mill was used to process ores from the surrounding mines, a Gilds Mall, a hotel, a livery stable provided employment to many workers, who were served by 14 illicit prostitutes in the attractive red light area. The Springdale Water & Power Co. began on 7 April 1909 to supply electricity to the town, which had 293 inhabitants in 1910. Springdale was popular, but its attractiveness declined when the ore mill closed down in 1911; the post office was subsequently relocated to Pioneer on 15 January 1912. The railroad stopped operating in 1928, the depot was dismantled and relocated to Las Vegas for another use. Due to the increasing popularity of private cars, U. S. Route 95 was built, along which a Union Oil gas station, one or two repair shops and a junk yard offered their services to motorists. Springdale was just outside of the Air Force's military ranges, where bomber pilots were trained for their service in World War II. Use of extensive areas as bombing ranges limited the nearby population.
As of 2017 some of the old buildings still exist. The properties in and around Springdale are owned by half a dozen locals and inhabited by four families
Tonopah is an unincorporated town in and the county seat of Nye County, United States. It is located at the junction of U. S. Routes 6 and 95 midway between Las Vegas and Reno. In the 2010 census, the population was 2,478; the census-designated place of Tonopah has a total area of all land. The European-American community began circa 1900 with the discovery of silver-rich ore by prospector Jim Butler; the legendary tale of discovery says that he went looking for a burro that had wandered off during the night and sought shelter near a rock outcropping. When Butler discovered the animal the next morning, he picked up a rock to throw at it in frustration, noticing that the rock was unusually heavy, he had stumbled upon the second-richest silver strike in Nevada history. Men of wealth and power entered the region to consolidate the mines and reinvest their profits into the infrastructure of the town of Tonopah. George Wingfield, a 24-year-old poker player when he arrived in Tonopah, played poker and dealt faro in the town saloons.
Once he had a small bankroll, he talked Jack Carey, owner of the Tonopah Club, into taking him in as a partner and to file for a gaming license. In 1903, miners rioted against Chinese workers in Tonopah; this resulted in China enforcing a boycott in China of U. S. imported goods. By 1904, after investing his winnings in the Boston-Tonopah Mining Company, Wingfield was worth $2 million; when old friend George S. Nixon, a banker, arrived in town, Wingfield invested in his Nye County Bank, they grub-staked miners with friend Nick Abelman, bought existing mines. By the time the partners moved to Goldfield and made their Goldfield Consolidated Mining Company a public corporation in 1906, Nixon and Wingfield were worth more than $30 million. Wingfield believed that the end of the gold and silver mining production was coming and took his bankroll to Reno, where he invested in real estate and casinos. Real estate and gaming became big business throughout Central Nevada. By 1910, gold production was falling and by 1920, the town of Tonopah had less than half the population it had fifteen years earlier.
Small mining ventures continued to provide the small town struggled on. Located about halfway between Reno and Las Vegas, it has supported travelers as a stopover and rest spot on a lonely highway. Today the Tonopah Station has slots and the Banc Club offers some gaming. In Nye County is the Yomba Band of the Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation, a federally recognized band of Western Shoshone people; the Western Shoshone dominated most of Nevada at the time of European-American settlement in the 1860s. Since the late 20th century, Tonopah has relied on the nearby military Tonopah Test Range as its main source of employment; the military has used the range and surrounding areas as a nuclear bomb test site, a bombing range, as a base of operations for the development of the F-117 Nighthawk. In 2014, California-based solar energy company SolarReserve completed construction on a $980 million advanced solar energy project near Tonopah; the Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project uses liquid sodium as a heat transfer medium for its solar energy storage technology.
The plant began producing power in November 2015. The founder, Jim Butler, named the settlement, from what is thought to be a Shoshone language word, pronounced "TOE-nuh-pah." Although the town had a variety of names, including Butler City, Jim Butler's name has survived. According to local history, the name is said to mean "hidden spring". Linguistically the name derives from either Shoshone to-nuv, or Northern Paiute to-nav, pa, meaning water in both dialects. Tonopah has an cold desert climate with cool winters and hot summers. Due to Tonopah’s aridity and high altitude, daily temperature ranges are quite large. Nights are cool in summer. There are an average of 50.3 afternoons with highs at or above 90 °F or 32.2 °C, 157.8 mornings with lows of 32 °F or lower, 7.6 afternoons where the high does not top freezing and 1.7 mornings with lows below 0 °F or −17.8 °C. The record high temperature in Tonopah was 104 °F on July 18, 1960, the record low −15 °F on January 24, 1937 and January 23, 1962.
There are an average of 38 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest calendar year was 1946 with 10.27 in and the driest 1927 with 1.92 in. The most precipitation in one month was 2.87 inches in November 1946. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 1.62 inches on August 17, 1977. Average annual snowfall is 16.8 inches or 0.43 metres, though in winter the median snow depth is zero and the maximum recorded only 13 inches or 0.33 metres on February 11, 1968. The most snowfall in one year was 79.3 inches from July 1946 to June 1947, including 37.0 inches or 0.94 metres in November 1946. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,627 people, 1,109 households, 672 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 162.1 people per square mile. There were 1,561 housing units at an average density of 96.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.24% White, 1.41% Native American, 0.76% African American, 0.42% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 2.82% from other races, 3.05% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.17% of the population. There were 1,109 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.4% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living
Beatty is an unincorporated town along the Amargosa River in Nye County in the U. S. state of Nevada. U. S. Route 95 runs through the town, which lies between Tonopah, about 90 miles to the north, Las Vegas, about 120 miles to the southeast. State Route 374 connects Beatty to Death Valley National Park, about 8 miles to the west. Before the arrival of non-indigenous people in the 19th century, the region was home to groups of Western Shoshone. Established in 1905, the community was named after Montillus Murray "Old Man" Beatty, who settled on a ranch in the Oasis Valley in 1896 and became Beatty's first postmaster. With the arrival of the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad in 1905, the town became a railway center for the Bullfrog Mining District, including mining towns such as nearby Rhyolite. Starting in the 1940s, Nellis Air Force Base and other federal installations contributed to the town's economy as did tourism related to Death Valley National Park and the rise of Las Vegas as an entertainment center.
Beatty is home to the Beatty Museum and Historical Society and to businesses catering to tourist travel. The ghost town of Rhyolite and the Goldwell Open Air Museum, are both about 4 miles to the west, Yucca Mountain and the Nevada Test Site are about 18 miles to the east. Before the arrival of non-indigenous explorers and settlers, Western Shoshone in the Beatty area hunted game and gathered wild plants in the region, it is estimated that the 19th-century population density of the Indians near Beatty was one person per 44 square miles. By the middle of the century, European diseases had reduced the Indian population, incursions by newcomers had disrupted the native traditions. In about 1875, the Shoshone had six camps, with a total population of 29, along the Amargosa River near Beatty; some of the survivors and their descendants continued to live in or near Beatty, while others moved to reservations at Walker Lake, Reese River, Duckwater, or elsewhere. Beatty is named after "Old Man" Montillus Murray Beatty, a Civil War veteran and miner who bought a ranch along the Amargosa River just north of the future community and became its first postmaster in 1905.
The community was laid out in 1904 or 1905 after Ernest Alexander "Bob" Montgomery, owner of the Montgomery Shoshone Mine near Rhyolite, decided to build the Montgomery Hotel in Beatty. Montgomery was drawn to the area, known as the Bullfrog Mining District, because of a gold rush that began in 1904 in the Bullfrog Hills west of Beatty. During Beatty's first year, wagons pulled by teams of horses or mules hauled freight between the Bullfrog district and the nearest railroad, in Las Vegas, by the middle of 1905, about 1,500 horses were engaged in this business. In October 1906, the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad began regular service to Beatty; the LV&T ceased operations in 1918, the BG in 1928, the T&T in 1940. Until the railroads abandoned their lines, Beatty served as the railhead for many mines in the area, including a fluorspar mine on Bare Mountain, to the east. Beatty's first newspaper was the Beatty Bullfrog Miner, which began publishing in 1905 and went out of business in 1909; the Rhyolite Herald was the region's most important paper, starting in 1905 and reaching a circulation of 10,000 by 1909.
It ceased publication in 1912, the Beatty area had no newspaper from until 1947. The Beatty Bulletin, a supplement to the Goldfield News, was published from through 1956. Beatty's population grew in the first half of the 20th century, rising from 169 in 1929 to 485 in 1950; the first reliable electric company in the community, Amargosa Power Company, began supplying electricity in about 1940. Phone service arrived during World War II, the town installed a community-wide sewer system in the 1970s; when a new mine opened west of Beatty in 1988, the population surged from about 1,000 to between 1,500 and 2,000 by the end of 1990. Since the mine's closing in 1998, the population has fallen again to near its former level. Beatty lies along U. S. Route 95 between Tonopah, about 90 miles to the north, Las Vegas, about 120 miles to the southeast. State Route 374 connects Beatty to Death Valley National Park, about 8 miles to the west. Yucca Mountain and the Nevada Test Site are about 18 miles to the east.
The most densely populated part of the census-designated place of Beatty is at 36°54′34″N 116°45′16″W, although the CDP extends well beyond this urban center. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 175.6 square miles, all land. The most populated area lies at 3,307 feet above sea level between Beatty Mountain and Bare Mountain to the east and the Bullfrog Hills to the west; the Amargosa River, an intermittent river that ends in Death Valley, flows on the surface through part of the CDP but has not been counted as water in the Census Bureau statistics. Nevada's main climatic features are bright sunshine, low annual precipitation, heavy snowfall in the higher mountains, dry air, large daily temperature ranges. Strong surface heating occurs by day and rapid cooling by night, even the hottest days have cool nights; the average percentage of possible sunshine in southern Nevada is more than 80 percent. Sunshine and low humidity in this region account for an average evaporation, as measured in evaporation pans, of more than 100 inches of water a year.
Manhattan is an unincorporated town in Nye County, located at the end of Nevada State Route 377, about 50 miles north of Tonopah, the county seat. It was founded in 1867 as part of the silver mining boom. George Wheeler found the district abandoned in 1871. In 1905, as part of the gold boom, "4,000 people flood into the region"; the Nye and Ormsby County Bank, the only stone structure to be built in the town, was erected in 1906, but a decline followed the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and the 1907 depression. The bank was forced to close. However, another boom in 1909 resulted in mining continuing into the late 1940s. Major mining operations opened and operated through the 1970s to the 1990s, but production has scaled back significantly; the Big Smoky Valley is similar to many of the desert valleys in Nevada, characterized by flanking mountain ranges running north to south. Big Smoky Valley is bounded to the south by Lone Mountain, the east and west by the Toquima and the Toiyabe ranges, respectively.
The valley floor consists of alluvial fans composed of small poorly sorted gravels. Meta-sedimentary and granitic wastes predominate the Manhattan and Kingston fans while quartz sands derived from granites, predominate in the axial part of the valley between Charnock Springs and Round Mountain and most of the steep slope adjacent to Lone Mountain. Grit derived from Tertiary lavas supplied by the southern part of the Toiyabe and Shoshone ranges is abundant and distributed. Limestone, slate and quartzite totaling several thousand feet in thickness and ranging in age from lower Cambrian to Carboniferous are the oldest rocks found in this region. Although they have a wide range in age, no unconformity has been found between two successive formations. Since their deposition they have been extensively deformed, intruded by lavas, covered by igneous bodies and sedimentary deposits, they covered the entire region, but at present they are found over extensive areas only in the Toiyabe, Silver Peak, Lone Mountain ranges.
Igneous rocks in the Big Smoky Valley are predominantly pre-Quaternary. Eruptive formations, consisting of rhyolite and minor amounts of basalt and rocks of intermediate composition with associated tuffs and breccias, are exposed over extensive areas in all of the ranges bordering the valley, they differ in age but were formed during the Tertiary period. Several great bodies of granitic rock are found in the valley, they are older than the Tertiary eruptive rocks. A large granite mass occupies the lofty central part of the Toquima Range in the region of Round Mountain. Another granite mass forms the main part of Lone Mountain. Big Smoky Valley, in the late Pleistocene, was occupied by two large lakes; the lakes were contained in the lowest parts of the northern and southern reaches of the valley and are known as Lake Toiyabe and Lake Tonopah, respectively. Shore features, such as gravelly beaches and embankments still exist in the valley while the former lake sites are presently occupied by alkali flats.
Stratified beds of the former lakes are not exposed. On the eastern alluvial slopes of the Toiyabe Range, there are many escarpments which face the valley and are believed to be due to recent faulting. Considerable volcanic activity and caldera development initiated in the Manhattan Caldera Complex about 16 million years ago in the Toquima mountains north of Manhattan Gulch, it is that gold was transported by solutions in a hydrothermal cell from an igneous intrusion, from country rock, to the host rock. When the gold at Manhattan was deposited 16 million years ago, the hydrothermal cells may have operated at some distance beneath the Earth’s surface. Over time, the upper formations at Manhattan eroded, as evidenced by the well-rounded and low-lying hills in the area, the gold they contained was washed down Manhattan Gulch and deposited in gravel. Manhattan Gulch averages 300 feet wide with a grading of four percent to the east. Rimrock slopes around the gulch range from 30 to 50 percent. Depth of the gravels ranges from 10 to 100 feet with an average of about 30 feet.
60 percent of the gravel is larger than 1 inch with the rest being sand and smaller gravel. The bedrock of the Gulch is composed predominantly of shale. Elevations range from about 5,800 feet above mean sea level at the west end of the gulch area to above 7,000 feet near the town of Manhattan. Vegetation transect surveys were conducted in Manhattan Gulch in spring 2009. In the lower Manhattan Gulch area, below 6,600 feet, shrub growth is dominant comprising about 80 percent of species composition, followed by grasses with about 15 percent of species composition, followed by various forbs. Common shrub species include green rabbitbrush and bud sage. Grasses include Indian ricegrass. Further west up Manhattan Gulch and toward the town of Manhattan, trees become dominant, with Juniperus osteosperma and Pinus monophylla being prevalent; as of 2005, the population of Manhattan was 124. There are The Manhattan Bar and Motel. Within about 10 miles north along State Route 376 active placer gold mining is taking place on a small scale.
Manhattan experiences a semi-arid climate with long, cold winters. Manhattan does not have a dry season. Precipitation is distributed throughout the year. Due to
Currant is an unincorporated community in Nye County, Nevada. Settled in 1868, it was first a farming town with a small population, its current population is 65. Creeks nearby were named for the wild currants growing with the town, taking the name from Currant creek. Currant post office opened April 16, 1883, was reestablished September 19, 1892, again August 31, 1926, operations suspended December 31, 1943. In 1914, a small amount of gold was discovered. In the late 1930s, small but productive claims of magnesite deposits were discovered in Nye County while major deposits were in Ely in White Pine County and magnesite mining stopped in 1942. Currant is located on U. S. Route 6 at the junction of State Route 379; the area is served by the Currant Ranch Airport. El Padre Mine Red Mountain Currant, NV video YouTube, Nov 2006