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Scouting in Mississippi

Scouting in Mississippi has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. In 1909, Dr. Cran, the Local Episcopal Minister, Mr. C. H. Hamilton organized Troop 19 in Mississippi. In 1910, the unit was recognized by the local scout office in Vicksburg. Troop 19 became Troop 119 after the Andrew Jackson Council was formed, it was sponsored by the First Presbyterian Church until 1938/39 when it was sponsored by "The Men's Bible Class" First United Methodist church where it has remained. The Troop has been continuously chartered since 1910 and is as old as the incorporated Boy Scouts of America. In 1912, one year after the Boy Scout movement came from England to the United States, George F. Maynard, Sr. founded the first troop in Tupelo — Troop 1. Scout units were soon founded in other cities such as Picayune and Oxford. There are eight Boy Scouts of America local councils in Mississippi. Andrew Jackson Council serves Scouts in the area surrounding the state capital.

Natchez Trace District: Adams, Claiborne and Jefferson Counties Big Creek District: Copiah, Lincoln and Walthall Counties Strong River District: Scott and Simpson Counties Four Rivers District: Hinds, Issquena and Warren Counties North Trace District: Attala, Leake and Yazoo Counties Warren A. Hood Scout Reservation Sebooney Okasucca Lodge Chickasaw Council serves Scouts in Tennessee and Arkansas, as well as Mississippi; the Delta Area Council of west Mississippi and their Koi Hatachie lodge 345, Order of the Arrow, merged into Chickasaw Council in the early 1990s. Choctaw Area Council serves youth in east Mississippi and west Alabama, with the council office located in Meridian, Mississippi; the Choctaw Area Council camp is Camp Binachi, the council's name refers to the Choctaw nation. Bobashela District Seminole DistrictOA lodge: Ashwanchi Kinta Lodge Istrouma Area Council serves Scouts in Louisiana and Mississippi; the Pine Burr Area Council serves youth in 17 counties in southeast and southern Mississippi, from headquarters in Hattiesburg.

Singing River District Spanish Trail District Tall Pine District Tung Belt District Twin Rivers District Chickasawhay DistrictScoutreach Division Camp Tiak Pushmataha Area Council serves Calhoun, Monroe, Oktibbeha, Lowndes, Winston and Noxubee counties in north Mississippi. Camp Seminole is the Pushmataha Area Council camp. Chickasaw District Choctaw District The Southeast Louisiana Council serves Scouting in Assumption, Lafourche, Plaquemine, Saint John the Baptist, Saint Bernard, Saint Charles, Saint James, Saint Tammany, Terrebonne Parishes in Louisiana; the 1,200 acres camp property known as Salmen Scout Reservation is located in Mississippi. The Yocona Area Council of northeast Mississippi is headquartered in Tupelo, it serves Alcorn, Prentiss, Lee, Tippah, Benton, Marshall and Yalobusha counties. The Chicksa Lodge serves local Arrowmen. Apilachi District Chicksa District Jacinto District Tallahatchie District There are two Girl Scout councils in Mississippi. Girl Scouts of Greater Mississippi serves some 10,000 members in 45 counties of south and central Mississippi.

It was formed by the merger of Girl Scouts of Gulf Pines Council and Girl Scout Council of Middle Mississippi in 2009. Headquarters: Jackson, Mississippi Website: http://gsgms.org/ Service centers: Hattiesburg Gulfport MeridianCamps: Camp Iti Kana is 339 acres including a 55 acres lake near Wiggins, MS. Its name is from the Choctaw language and means friendship. Camp Wahi is 150 acres in MS See Scouting in Tennessee for full information. In Mississippi serves girls in northern counties. Headquarters: Memphis, Tennessee Website: http://www.girlscoutshs.org Mississippi service centers: Tupelo, MississippiMississippi camps Camp Tik-A-Witha is 310 acres of woods and sand dunes near Van Vleet, MS Camp Fire Andrew Jackson Council Choctaw Area Council Pine Burr Area Council Pushmataha Area Council Yocona Area Council The Waveland Project, Tulpe Lodge of the Order of the Arrow has been to Waveland, Mississippi, as part of the Hurricane Katrina relief effort

Jackfork Sandstone

The Jackfork Sandstone referred to as the Jackfork Group, is a geologic formation associated with the Ouachita Fold and Thrust Belt exposed in western Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma. It is named for Jackfork Mountain in Oklahoma; the Jackfork Sandstone is a thin- to massive-bedded, fine- to coarse-grained, tan, or gray quartzitic sandstone with subordinate brown, silty sandstone and dark gray shale. It outcrops from Pulaski County, Arkansas in the east to Atoka County, Oklahoma in the west, a distance of over 200 miles, it is weather-resistant, resulting in a continuous chain of prominent ridges, including Rich Mountain, the second highest natural point in the Ouachita Mountains. AphlebiaA. ParksiiArchaeocalamitesA. StanleyensisBothrodendron CalamitesC. Inopinatus C. menae C. miseriLepidodendronL. SubclypeatumLepidostrobusL. PeniculusNeuropterisN. AntecedensRhabdocarposR. CostatulusRhynchogoniumR. ChoctavenseSigillaria TrigonocarpumT. Gillhami T. vallisjohanni

Rampart (fortification)

In fortification architecture, a rampart is a length of bank or wall forming part of the defensive boundary of a castle, settlement or other fortified site. It is broad-topped and made of excavated earth or masonry or a combination of the two. Many types of early fortification, from prehistory through to the Early Middle Ages, employed earth ramparts in combination with external ditches to defend the outer perimeter of a fortified site or settlement. Hillforts, ringforts or "raths" and ringworks all made use of ditch and rampart defences, of course they are the characteristic feature of circular ramparts; the ramparts raised in height by the use of palisades. This type of arrangement was a feature of the motte and bailey castle of northern Europe in the early medieval period; the composition and design of ramparts varied from the simple mounds of earth and stone, known as dump ramparts, to more complex earth and timber defences, as well as ramparts with stone revetments. One particular type, common in Central Europe, used earth and timber posts to form a Pfostenschlitzmauer or "post-slot wall".

Vitrified ramparts were composed of stone, subsequently fired to increase its strength. During the classical era, societies became sophisticated enough to create tall ramparts of stone or brick, provided with a platform or wall walk for the defenders to hurl missiles from and a parapet to protect them from the missiles thrown by attackers. Well known examples of classical stone ramparts include Hadrian's Wall and the Walls of Constantinople. After the fall of the Roman Empire in Europe, there was a return to the widespread use of earthwork ramparts which lasted well into the 11th century, an example is the Norman motte and bailey castle; as castle technology evolved during the Middle Ages and Early Modern times, ramparts continued to form part of the defences, but now they tended to consist of thick walls with crenellated parapets. Fieldworks, continued to make use of earth ramparts due to their temporary nature. Parapet: a low wall on top of the rampart to shelter the defenders. Crenellation: rectangular gaps or indentations at intervals in the parapet, the gaps being called embrasures or crenels, the intervening high parts being called merlons.

Loophole or arrowslit: a narrow opening in a parapet or in the main body of the rampart, allowing defenders to shoot out without exposing themselves to the enemy. Chemin de ronde or wallwalk: a pathway along the top of the rampart but behind the parapet, which served as a fighting platform and a means of communication with other parts of the fortification. Machicolation: an overhanging projection supported by corbels, the floor of, pierced with openings so that missiles and hot liquids could be thrown down on attackers. Brattice: a timber gallery built on top of the rampart and projecting forward from the parapet, to give the defenders a better field of fire. In response to the introduction of artillery, castle ramparts began to be built with much thicker walling and a lower profile, one of earliest examples first being Ravenscraig Castle in Scotland, built in 1460. In the first half of the 16th century, the solid masonry walls began to be replaced by earthen banks, sometimes faced with stone, which were better able to withstand the impact of shot.

At the same time, the plan or "trace" of these ramparts began to be formed into angular projections called bastions which allowed the guns mounted on them to create zones of interlocking fire. This bastion system became known as the trace italienne because Italian engineers had been at the forefront of its development, although it was perfected in northern Europe by engineers such as Coehoorn and Vauban and was the dominant style of fortification until the mid-19th century. Exterior slope: the front face of the rampart faced with stone or brick. Interior slope: the back of the rampart on the inside of the fortification. Parapet which protected and concealed the defending soldiers. Banquette: a continuous step built onto the interior of the parapet, enabling the defenders to shoot over the top with small arms. Barbette: a raised platform for one or more guns enabling them to fire over the parapet. Embrasure: an opening in the parapet for guns to fire through. Terreplein: the top surface or "fighting platform" of the rampart, behind the parapet.

Traverse: an earthen embankment, the same height as the parapet, built across the terreplein to prevent it being swept by enfilade fire. Casemate: a vaulted chamber built inside the rampart for protected accommodation or storage, but sometimes pierced by an embrasure at the front for a gun to fire through. Bartizan: a small turret projecting from the parapet, intended to give a good view to a sentry while remaining protected; as well as the immediate archaeological significance of such ramparts in indicating the development of military tactics and technology, these sites enclose areas of historical significance that point to the local conditions at the time the fortress was built

Alex Dodoo

Alexander Nii Oto Dodoo, is a Ghanaian pharmacist and academic. He is a clinical pharmacologist and a professor at the Centre for Tropical Clinical Pharmacology, University of Ghana Medical School, he is the director of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Advocacy and Training in Pharmacovigilance. He serves as the Director General of Ghana Standards Authority. Alex was born at Adabraka a suburb of Accra, he begun schooling when he was six years old at Gray Memorial primary school, a public school located near the Adabraka market. His parents divorced when he was nine years old, he and his mother moved to his maternal family house in Jamestown. From Gray Memorial he was sent to a private school; the school was situated in Nima a suburb of Accra. He had his secondary education at St. John's Grammar School and his sixth form education at the Accra Academy. In 1983, he returned after two months. Upon his return, he was one of the first batch of sixth formers to do National Service.

After his national service he gained admission to the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology through the help of the most reverend Justice Offei Akrofi a former Anglican Bishop of Accra and former Archbishop of the Church of the Province of West Africa. There, he studied pharmacy, he earned his master of science degree in Biopharmacy at the University of London and joined the University of Alberta, Canada in 1991 for a one-year research work in neuro-pharmacology and neuroscience. He returned to the University of London after his research work to pursue a doctorate degree in pharmacy at King's College, London. In 2007, he was elected president of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ghana, he served in this capacity for two terms. In 2009 Alex was elected President of the International Society of Pharmacovigilance, becoming the first African to serve in that office, he held that office until 2012. In 2013 he was appointed Chief Executive Officer for the John Agyekum Kuffour Foundation by Ghana's former president.

Prior to his appointment as the executive director of the Ghana Standards Authority, he was an associate professor of clinical pharmacology at the University of Ghana Medical School. He has served on various foreign boards, some of which include, he has served as a chairperson for the Ghana Food and Drugs Authority. He is a fellow of the Ghana College of Pharmacists, Pharmaceutical Society of Ghana, West African Postgraduate College of Pharmacy, a Registered Pharmacist with the General Pharmaceutical Council of the United Kingdom and a member of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, he was appointed Director General of the Ghana Standards Authority by Nana Akuffo-Addo, president of the republic of Ghana. He assumed office in June, 2017. Dodoo has co-authored many manuscripts and full papers in peer-reviewed journals, he published a book in 2010 titled: Healthy Secrets: A Layperson's Guide to Health Issues, 2010. The book has undergone three reprints, he is a columnist for the Spectator newspaper.

He is married to a high court judge and together, they have three children. Pharmaceutical Society of Ghana List of Akufo-Addo government ministers and political appointees

Evelina Borea

Evelina Borea is an Italian art historian and curator. She obtained a degree in History of Art in 1958 at the University of Florence, her tutor and mentor was art historian Roberto Longhi. In 1976 Borea edited a publication of Gian Pietro Bellori's Lives, with a preface by Giovanni Previtali for Einaudi. Borea curated major exhibitions, notably Caravaggio e Caravaggeschi nelle Gallerie di Firenze and L'idea del bello in spring 2000, she is the author of studies on Domenichino, Rosso Fiorentino, Francesco Mochi and the Caravaggeschi, Annibale Carracci. Borea, Evelina. Domenichino. Milan: Edizioni per il Club del Libro. Borea, Evelina. Rosso Fiorentino. Milan: Fratelli Fabbri. Borea, Evelina. Il Chiostrino dell’Annunziata a Firenze. Milan: Fratelli Fabbri. Borea, Evelina. Francesco Mochi. Milan: Fratelli Fabbri. Borea, Evelina. Caravaggio e caravaggeschi nelle gallerie di Firenze. Florence: Palazzo Pitti. Borea, Evelina. Le vite scultori e architetti moderni. Turin: G. Einaudi. Borea, Evelina. Annibale Carracci e i suoi incisori.

École franc̜aise de Rome. Borea, Evelina. L’idea del bello: viaggio per Roma nel Seicento con Giovan Pietro Bellori. Rome: Edizioni de Luca

Sly Bailey

Sylvia Bailey, née Grice, is a former chief executive of Trinity Mirror, the UK's largest newspaper publisher, a non-executive director of EMI from 2004 to 2007. She was named as one of the "50 Most Powerful Women in Britain" by Management Today and as one of Britain’s most influential women by the Daily Mail, she was named as one of the top 20 most influential figures in media by MediaGuardian and as one of the top 50 most powerful businesswomen outside the United States by Fortune. She left Trinity Mirror, six months earlier than planned, in June 2012, her father was a freelance financial journalist. She was educated at St Saviour's and St Olave's Grammar School for Girls, in Southwark, south-east London. In 1978 she attended the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts. Bailey began her career as a make-up artist for Revlon. In 1984 she joined The Guardian newspaper working in advertising sales. Bailey became advertising manager at The Independent newspaper in 1987. Bailey joined Trinity Mirror as chief executive in February 2003.

On 30 June 2008, Trinity Mirror issued a trading statement forecasting a 10% reduction in anticipated profits, leading to a collapse in the share price to a low of 73.5p, compared to its 12-month high of 557.5p. The Independent's media columnist Stephen Glover pointed out that the company's market value had slumped from £1.5 bn to £250m, commented: "... it is difficult to see how Sly Bailey, Trinity Mirror's preposterously well-rewarded chief executive, can remain much longer in her job... "In July 2011 Bailey launched an investigation into editorial controls and procedures at Mirror Group newspapers following allegations of phone hacking. In October 2011, Bailey became the first serving media proprietor to appear at the Leveson Inquiry into phone hacking. Late on 3 May 2012 it was announced that Bailey was to leave her post at Trinity Mirror by the end of the year, but she in fact left in mid June; the General Secretary of the National Union of Journalists, Michelle Stanistreet, said of her at the time: "Finally, Sly Bailey is doing the decent thing and leaving the company she has led into monumental decline."

She received a £900,000 payoff. Sly Bailey has been on the Press Association board since 2003, she was awarded an Honorary Degree from the University of East London in 2005