Boy Scouts of America
The Boy Scouts of America is one of the largest scouting organizations and youth organizations in the United States, with about 2.4 million youth participants and about one million adult volunteers. The BSA was founded in 1910, since about 110 million Americans have been participants in BSA programs at some time; the BSA is part of the international Scout Movement and became a founding member organization of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1922. The mission of the Boy Scouts of America is to prepare young people to make ethical and moral choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Law. Youth are trained in responsible citizenship, character development, self-reliance through participation in a wide range of outdoor activities, educational programs, and, at older age levels, career-oriented programs in partnership with community organizations. For younger members, the Scout method is part of the program to instill typical Scouting values such as trustworthiness, good citizenship, outdoors skills, through a variety of activities such as camping and hiking.
To further these outdoor activities, the BSA has four high-adventure bases: Northern Tier, Philmont Scout Ranch, Sea Base, Summit Bechtel Reserve, as well as close to a hundred separate camps and reservations dedicated to scouts. The traditional Scouting divisions are Cub Scouting for ages 5 to 11 years, Scouts BSA for ages 11 to 17, Venturing for ages 14 through 21. Learning for Life is a non-traditional affiliate. On February 1, 2019, the Boy Scouts of America renamed their flagship program, Boy Scouting, to Scouts BSA to reflect their change of policy to allow girls to join in separate troops; the BSA operates traditional Scouting by chartering local organizations, such as churches, civic associations, or educational organization, to implement the Scouting program for youth within their communities. Units are led by volunteers appointed by the chartering organization, who are supported by local councils using both paid professional Scouters and volunteers; the progressive movement in the United States was at its height during the early 20th century.
With the migration of families from farms to cities, there were concerns among some people that young men were no longer learning patriotism and individualism. The YMCA was an early promoter of reforms for young men with a focus on social welfare and programs of mental, physical and religious development.:72–82 BSA had two notable predecessors in the United States: the Woodcraft Indians started by Ernest Thompson Seton in 1902 in Cos Cob and the Sons of Daniel Boone founded by Daniel Carter Beard in 1905 in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1907, Robert Baden-Powell, founded the Scouting movement in England using elements of Seton's works among other influences. Several Scout programs for boys started independently in the US.. Many of these Scout programs in the US merged with the BSA.:52 In 1909, Chicago publisher W. D. Boyce was visiting London, where he encountered a boy who came to be known as the Unknown Scout. Boyce was lost on a foggy street when an unknown Scout came to his aid, guiding him to his destination.
The boy refused Boyce's tip, explaining that he was a Boy Scout and was doing his daily good turn. Interested in the Boy Scouts, Boyce met with staff at the Boy Scouts Headquarters and, by some accounts, Baden-Powell. Upon his return to the US, Boyce incorporated the Boy Scouts of America on February 8, 1910. Edgar M. Robinson and Lee F. Hanmer became interested in the nascent BSA and convinced Boyce to turn the program over to the YMCA for development in April 1910. Robinson enlisted Seton, Charles Eastman, other prominent leaders in the early youth movements. Former president Theodore Roosevelt, who had long complained of the decline in American manhood, became an ardent supporter. In January 1911, Robinson turned the movement over to James E. West who became the first Chief Scout Executive and Scouting began to expand in the US:148 The BSA's stated purpose at its incorporation in 1910 was "to teach patriotism, self-reliance, kindred values.":7 Later, in 1937, Deputy Chief Scout Executive George J. Fisher expressed the BSA's mission: "Each generation as it comes to maturity has no more important duty than that of teaching high ideals and proper behavior to the generation which follows."
The current mission statement of the BSA is "to prepare young people to make ethical and moral choices over their lifetimes by instilling in them the values of the Scout Oath and Law." Boy Scouts of America is distinct in its use of the term "Scout Oath" rather than "Scout Promise". The difference is that while the former phrase implies that a Scout is making his promise before God, the latter phrasing indicates that the Scout makes his commitment in the presence of fellow human beings; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was the first partner to sponsor Scouting in the United States, adopting the program in 1913 as part of its Mutual Improvement Association program for young men. In May 2018, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced that, effective year-end 2019, it would no longer sponsor scouting units with the Boy Scouts of America to focus on its own global youth leadership and development program, although Mormon youth are free to join scouting units sponsored by other organizations.
The BSA holds a congressional charter under Title 36 of the United States Code, which means that it is one of the comparatively rare "Title
Girl Scouts of the USA
Girl Scouts of the United States of America referred to as Girl Scouts in the US, is a youth organization for girls in the United States and American girls living abroad. Founded by Juliette Gordon Low in 1912, it was organized after Low met Robert Baden-Powell, the founder of Scouting, in 1911. Upon returning to Savannah, she telephoned a distant cousin, saying, "I've got something for the girls of Savannah, all of America, all the world, we're going to start it tonight!"Girl Scouts prepares girls to empower themselves and promotes compassion, confidence, leadership and active citizenship through activities involving camping, community service, learning first aid, earning badges by acquiring practical skills. Girl Scouts' achievements are recognized with various special awards, including the Girl Scout Gold and Bronze Awards. Girl Scout membership is organized with activities designed for each level. GSUSA is a member of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts and accepts girls of all backgrounds.
A 1994 Chronicle of Philanthropy poll showed Girl Scouts ranked by the public as the eighth "most popular charity/non-profit in America" among more than 100 charities. It describes itself as "the world's preeminent organization dedicated to girls." Girl Scouting in the United States of America began on March 12, 1912, when Juliette "Daisy" Gordon Low organized the first Girl Guide troop meeting of 18 girls in Savannah, Georgia. It has since grown to 3.7 million members. Low, who had met Baden-Powell in London while she was living in the United Kingdom, dreamed of giving the United States and the world "something for all the girls." She envisioned an organization that would bring girls out of their homes to serve their communities, experience the out-of-doors, have the opportunity to develop "self-reliance and resourcefulness." From its inception, the Girl Scouts has been organized and run by women, for girls and women. Juliette Gordon Low was the granddaughter of Juliette Magill Kinzie and John Harris Kinzie, whose childhood family was one of the earliest settlers of Chicago, IL.
Juliette Kinzie wrote about her experiences in the Northwest Territory in her book Wau-Bun: The Early Day. Some of what her granddaughter, Juliette Gordon Low, knew firsthand about her grandmother's experiences on the frontier were incorporated into the beginnings and traditions of Girl Scouts; the early home of Juliette Low's grandparents can be visited May 15 through October 15 in Portage, Wisconsin. In late 1912, Low proposed that the Camp Fire Girls merge with the Girl Guides but was rejected in January 1913 as Camp Fire was the larger group. Next, Low attempted to merge her organization with the Girl Scouts of America, founded in Des Moines, Iowa by Clara Lisetor-Lane, she thought their similarities would make this easier but Lisetor-Lane felt Daisy copycatted her organization and threatened to sue. Lisetor-Lane claimed Low's organization was luring members away but the GSA's growth was limited by a lack of financial resources which led to its eventual demise; the Girl Guides of America in 1913 changed its name to Girl Scouts of the United States and moved its headquarters to Washington, DC.
In 1915 the organization was incorporated and the national headquarters was moved to New York City. The name reached its current form, Girl Scouts of the United States of America, in 1947; the organization was given a congressional charter on March 16, 1950. GSUSA started with 18 members. Within months, members were hiking through the woods in knee-length blue uniforms, playing basketball on a curtained-off court, going on camping trips. In 1916, Low established an aviation badge --. By 1920, there were nearly 70,000 members. By 1923 the organization had branches in every state in the union, Alaska and Puerto Rico, a total membership of 125,738. In 1930 it had over 200,000. In 2013 there were over 3.2 million Girl Scouts: 2.3 million girl members and 890,000 adult members in the United States. More than 50 million American women have participated in Girl Scouts. Through its membership in WAGGGS, GSUSA girls and adults are among over 10 million members in 146 countries; the names and ages of the levels and the larger structure of the program have changed over time.
In 1923 Girl Scouts were organized into patrols, local councils, the National Council. Troops were fairly independent before joining together into small councils, which merged to form larger councils. Today there are over 100 councils across the U. S; the Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, located in Savannah, Georgia, in the former Gordon family home, became the national Girl Scout program center in 1956. It provides tours to thousands of Girl Scouts yearly. Upon Low's death in 1927, she willed her carriage house, which would become The Girl Scout First Headquarters, to the local Savannah Girl Scouts for continued use. In 1923 national headquarters was located at New York. During World War II, 1943–1945, many young Japanese American girls were confined in internment camps with their families. Girl Scout troops were organized in these camps; these girls participated in many activities, including dramatic presentations that took place in the Crystal City Internment Camp in Crystal City, Texas. Most Girl Scout units were segregated by race according to state and local laws and customs.
The first troop for African American girls was founded in 1917. In 1933, Josephine Groves Holloway f
Whatcom County, Washington
Whatcom County is a county located in the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 201,140, it is bordered by Canada on the north, Okanogan County on the east, Skagit County on the south, the Strait of Georgia on the west. The county seat and largest city is Bellingham; the county was created from Island County by the Washington Territorial Legislature in March 1854. It included the territory of present-day San Juan and Skagit Counties, which were organized after additional settlement, its name derives from the Lummi word Xwotʼqom, meaning "noisy water."Whatcom County comprises the Bellingham, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Whatcom County's northern border is the Canada–US border with the Canadian province of British Columbia. Adjoining the county on the north are five of metropolitan Vancouver's suburbs, White Rock, Langley, and, in the central Fraser Valley, Abbotsford. Several shopping malls and other services in Bellingham and elsewhere in the county are geared to cross-border shopping and recreation.
The five crossing points are two at Blaine. The Whatcom County area has known human habitation for at least twelve millenia. At least three aboriginal tribes have been identified in the area: Lummi and Semiahmoo; this area was part of the Oregon Country at the start of the nineteenth century, inhabited both by fur prospectors from Canada, Americans seeking land for agricultural and mineral-extraction opportunities. Unable to resolve which country should control this vast area, the Treaty of 1818 provided for joint control. In 1827 the Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Langley near present Lynden. By 1843, the Provisional Government of Oregon had been established, although at first there were questions as to its authority and extent. During its existence, that provisional government formed the area north of the Columbia River first into the Washington Territory, into two vast counties: Clark and Lewis. In 1852, a portion of Lewis County was partitioned off to form Thurston County, in 1853 a portion of the new county was partitioned off to form Island County.
The Washington Territory was formed as a separate governing entity in 1853. In 1854, that legislature carved several counties out of the existing counties, including Whatcom County on March 9, 1854, with area taken from Island County; the original county boundary was reduced in 1873 by the formation of San Juan County, again in 1883 by the formation of Skagit County. A Nooksack chief is the namesake of Whatcom County, taken from the word in the Nooksack language for "noisy water."In 1855 the settlers erected a blockhouse west of Whatcom Creek, to protect against forays from the aboriginal inhabitants who were attempting to defend their homelands. That year the Treaty of Point Elliott was signed, which assigned the Lummi and Semiahmoo peoples a greatly-restricted reserved area; the short-lived Fraser Canyon Gold Rush caused a short-term increase in the county's population, which swelled to over 10,000 before the bubble burst. In 1857 the federal government began the field work necessary to establish the national border between the United States and Canada, agreed on as the forty-ninth parallel in this area, which would mark the north line of Whatcom County.
As the work moved east, several of the workers chose to remain in the area as settlers. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,503 square miles, of which 2,107 square miles is land and 397 square miles is covered by water; the county includes Lake Whatcom. Physiographically, Whatcom County is an extension of the Fraser Valley or "Lower Mainland" area of British Columbia the lowland delta plain of the Fraser River. At some periods in the past, one of the Fraser River's lower arms entered Bellingham Bay near Bellingham via what is now the mouth of the Nooksack River. A small part of the county, Point Roberts, about 5 square miles, is an extension of the Tsawwassen Peninsula, bisected by the Canada–US border along the 49th parallel; the highest point in the county is the peak of the active volcano Mount Baker at 10,778 feet above sea level. The lowest points are at sea level along the Pacific Ocean. Mount Baker National Recreation Area Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest North Cascades National Park Ross Lake National Recreation Area Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail Birch Bay State Park Lake Terrell Wildlife Refuge Larrabee State Park Lookout Mountain Lummi Island Stewart Mountain Lake Whatcom Watershed Interstate 5 connecting with Seattle, Sacramento, Los Angeles, San Diego and points south.
SR 20 connecting US 101 and Sidney, British Columbia with Newport, Washington via the North Cascades Highway. Farthest north highway thru the Cascade Mountains in USA. Note that this highway does not connect to most of Whatcom County – Instead, a person would have to travel south to Sedro-Woolley in Skagit County to connect to Highway 20. Alaska Marine Highway connecting Alaska highways to the Interstate Highway System. Okanogan County – east Skagit County – south San Juan County – southwest Metro Vancouver – north Fraser Valley Regional District, British Columbia – north Cowichan Val
Bremerton is a city in Kitsap County, United States. The population was 41,500 according to the 2018 State Estimate, making it the largest city on the Kitsap Peninsula. Bremerton is home to the Bremerton Annex of Naval Base Kitsap. Bremerton is connected to Downtown Seattle by two ferries: a 60-minute ferry that carries both vehicles and walk-on passengers, a 28-minute fast ferry that carries passengers and a limited number of bicycles. Bremerton, the largest city in Kitsap County, is located directly west of Seattle across the Puget Sound on the Kitsap Peninsula, it is bounded on the southeast and east by Sinclair Inlet and the strait of Port Orchard respectively. The city is divided by the Port Washington Narrows, a strait spanned by two bridges which connect the eastern and western sides of the city; the part of the city northeast of the narrows is referred to as East Bremerton. The city's southern border includes Bremerton National Airport. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.29 square miles, of which, 28.41 square miles is land and 3.88 square miles is water.
The ferry terminal and waterfront are the heart of downtown. As Bremerton's historic center, downtown has seen the most dramatic change over the last decade, with blighted blocks being replaced by new apartments and older buildings being restored. Attractions include Harborside Fountain Park, a boardwalk, multiple naval history museums; the Admiral Theatre, a restored 1942 art deco theater, is Bremerton's most prominent venue for live music and entertainment. The district is known for breweries, art galleries, restaurants showcasing diverse cuisines; the city is in the beginning stages of creating a public square on Fourth Street to honor local music icon, Quincy Jones. Across the water from Downtown is Manette, a neighborhood on a separate peninsula that functioned as its own town from 1891-1930. Today, Manette is an upscale neighborhood connected to Bremerton via the new Manette Bridge with trendy bars and restaurants and beautiful mountain and water views. Charleston was an independent town built to house and entertain sailors.
The neighborhood's center is Callow Avenue, a retail corridor anchored by The Charleston music venue. Charleston is a designated center in Bremerton's comprehensive plan, has seen recent improvements to its streetscape. Charleston is casually defined by 11st Street to the north, Naval Avenue to the east, 1st Street to the south, Cambrian Avenue to the west. Between Charleston and Downtown is the Union Hill neighborhood, its borders are Naval to the west, 11th to the north, Warren to the east, PSNS to the south. Union Hill is a predominantly residential neighborhood, showcasing Bremerton's most historic churches and a synagogue along Veneta Avenue. Near Veneta and 6th is a popular local diner, Noah's Ark, Bremerton's most architecturally notable place of worship, Our Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Church, non-native towering Sequioas, a large park. North of downtown's 11th Street boundary is the Evergreen neighborhood, anchored by Evergreen Park and bordered to the west by Warren Avenue. Evergreen Park offers beach access, a boat ramp, hosts a weekly farmer's market in the summer.
Evergreen is characterized by residential neighborhoods and water views. West of Evergreen and north of Union Hill and Charleston is Haddon. Haddon's center is the Lulu Haddon park, but Bremerton High School and Olympic College's campus are main focal points as well. Though an older, sleepier neighborhood traditionally more connected with the shipyard and local business, the Haddon neighborhood has gained notoriety for quirky local breakfast diner Hi-Lo's and an English style barrelhouse, Hale's Ales. Bremerton is divided among three state legislative districts in Kitsap County; the 23rd legislative district to the north, 35th legislative district in the center and 26th legislative district to the south. Before redistricting in 2012, the line separating the first and sixth Congressional districts ran through East Bremerton; as a result of the 2012 redistricting, all of Bremerton now lies within the sixth Congressional district. The district is represented by Derek Kilmer, first elected to that position in 2012.
Prior to Kilmer, Norm Dicks served as sixth district Representative from 1977 to 2013. The mayor is Greg Wheeler, Incorporated as a first-class city, Bremerton has been governed by a nonpartisan strong mayor and seven-member city council since 1985; each member is elected from one of seven districts. The current form of government was established by a 1983 charter that eliminated a decades-old city commission composed of a mayor, public works commissioner and finance commissioner; each member of the Kitsap County Board of Commissioners represents a portion of the city of Bremerton. This arrangement was an attempt to balance Bremerton's commercial influence with the remainder of the county, though most of its sales tax base has since relocated to unincorporated areas. Bremerton politics can vary in intensity, with some city council positions unopposed and others having as many as four candidates in the 2005 primary election. Redevelopment projects have been a major source of debate, including the 2007 construction of a federally funded tunnel that would route ferry traffic under the downtown core as well as a planned waterfront boardwalk extension.
As with most cities in the region, Bremerton precincts have been more favorable for Democratic candidates in state and federal elections, contrasting with more conservat
San Juan County, Washington
San Juan County is a county located in the Salish Sea in the far northwestern corner of the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 15,769; the county seat and only incorporated city is Friday Harbor, located on San Juan Island. The county was formed on October 31, 1873, from Whatcom County and is named for the San Juan Islands, which are in turn named for Juan Vicente de Güemes, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo, the Viceroy of New Spain, it is the only county in Washington not to have state highways, although the ferry routes serving the islands are designated as part of the state highway system. The San Juan Islands were the subject of a territorial dispute between Great Britain and the United States from 1846 to 1872, leading to the Pig War in 1859. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 621 square miles, of which 174 square miles is land and 447 square miles is water, it is the smallest county in Washington by land fourth-smallest by total area.
San Juan County is a cluster of more than 400 islands and rocks with elevations above mean high tide. 134 of these islands and rocks are named. The county has rocky shoreline and several mountains; the highest point in the county is Mount Constitution on Orcas Island at 2,407 feet above sea level. Boundary Pass Haro Strait Rosario Strait San Juan Islands Strait of Georgia Strait of Juan de Fuca There are 743 islands and rocks in the San Juan Island chain. Most of the county's population lives on the largest four islands, which are the only county islands served by the Washington State Ferries; the four largest islands are: Orcas Island San Juan Island Lopez Island Shaw Island Whatcom County – northeast Skagit County – east Island County – southeast Jefferson County – south Clallam County – south/southwest Capital Regional District, British Columbia – west San Juan Island National Historical Park San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge San Juan Islands National Monument San Juan Wilderness As of the census of 2000 there were 14,077 people living in the county in 6,466 households and 4,015 families, resulting in a population density of 80 people per square mile.
The census reported 9,752 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile. The residents of the county reported their race as 94.99% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, 2.04% from two or more races. 2.40 % of the population identified themselves as Latino of any race. In response to the census question concerning ancestry, 16.7% reported English ancestry. Of the 6,466 households, 22.90% had children under the age of 18. The average household size was 2.16 persons and the average family size was 2.65. 19.10% of the county's population was under the age of 18. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $43,491, the median income for a family was $51,835. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $26,516 for females; the per capita income for the county was $30,603.
About 6.00% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.40% of those under age 18 and 3.10% of those age 65 or over. San Juan county has the highest per capita income in the state of Washington. Deer Harbor, located in the county, has a per capita income exceeding $100,000. Waldron Island, with a population of 104 in the 2000 census, is considered one of the most impoverished areas in Washington, with about 56% of the people living in poverty. In a survey by the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, San Juan County was ranked the healthiest in the state of Washington; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,769 people, 7,613 households, 4,438 families residing in the county. The population density was 90.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,313 housing units at an average density of 76.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.6% white, 1.1% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.6% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 7,613 households, 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.7% were non-families, 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.56. The median age was 52.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,726 and the median income for a family was $61,096. Males had a median income of $44,190 versus $32,911 for females; the per capita income for the county was $35,487. About 7.6% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over. This county is even more liberal than the famously liberal King County, but does not have the reputation King County does because its population is so much small
Chief Seattle Council
Chief Seattle Council is the local council governing the Scouting activities of the Boy Scouts of America in a large part of the Puget Sound and Seattle area, including all of the Olympic Peninsula. The council is divided into districts: Alpine District: Its territory includes Issaquah, North Bend, Renton Highlands, East Bellevue. Aquila District: Its territory includes West Seattle, Normandy Park, SeaTac, Des Moines and Vashon Island. Aurora District: Its territory includes north Seattle, Lake Forest Park and Shoreline, Washington Cascade District: Its territory includes Bellevue, Mercer Island, North Renton Foothills District: Its territory includes Maple Valley and Black Diamond Green River District: Its territory covers the areas of Kent and Renton, Washington. Mount Olympus District: Its territory includes Port Angeles, Sequim, Port Townsend and others in Clallam and Jefferson Counties North Lakes District: Its territory includes Bothell, Kenmore and Woodinville, Washington Orca District: Its territory includes Bainbridge Island, Central Kitsap, North Kitsap.
Sammamish Trails District: Its territory includes Redmond and Kirkland, Washington Sinclair District: Its territory includes Belfair, Port Orchard and surrounding communities Thunderbird District: Its territory includes Beacon Hill, Capitol Hill, Central Seattle, South Seattle, Rainier Valley. Camp Edward known as Camp Brinkley, is a camp in Snohomish, Washington, it was founded in 1967 and held a resident summer camp program for Boy Scouts, but has since transitioned to a summer camp program for Cub Scouts. Camp Pigott, has run a resident summer camp program since its re-opening in 2003, it had been named Camp Omache, had been closed since 1991. Camp Pigott sits on Lake Hughes in Washington, it features a 35' high-ropes course known as the C. O. P. E. Course; the course is a non-linear design so Scouts can choose a variety of pathways. The camp includes a 42' covered climbing tower with three climbing surfaces and one, two-lane rappelling surface. Camp Pigott has a mountain biking course and a blacksmith shop.
The camp has a dining hall, equipped with a full size industrial kitchen, indoor/outdoor fireplace for the main hall. Camp Pigott is home of the Order of the Arrow T'Kope Kwiskwis Lodge's ceremonial longhouse. Camp Sheppard is a camp outside of Washington. Sheppard does not run a resident Scout camping program, but does run several other Scout programs including a Winter Camp program for Cub Scouts and Boy Scouts. Since 2011, Sheppard has been the location for the Council's National Youth Leadership Training holding four sessions every year in the summer; until 2009, Camp Sheppard was a High Adventure base, where it offered programs in mountaineering, mountain biking, backpacking. Until 2014, it hosted the "Mom & Me/Dad & Me" Cub Scout camping programs, after which they were moved to Camp Edward. Founded in 1919, Camp Parsons is the oldest continuous running Boy Scout camp west of the Mississippi River and one of the oldest continually running Boy Scout camp in the United States on its original location.
It sits on Jackson Cove, part of the Hood Canal, on the Olympic Peninsula, just north of Brinnon and just south of Quilcene, Washington. The site of the camp was chosen by Professor Edmund Meany, Major Edward Ingraham and members of the Seattle Area Council, it was purchased from John Strom in May 1919 and named after the first council president, Reginald H. Parsons. Booth Hall continues to be used today. On July 7, 1919, 100 Scouts arrived at Camp Parsons for its first season that ran 6 weeks and has not stopped since. A separate camp for Cub Scouts was developed on the property in 1937 and named Camp Meany in honor of the late Professor Edmund Meany, first Scout commissioner for Seattle; this camp was merged into Camp Parsons in 1941 and that camp's dining hall served as the dining hall for Camp Parsons until the summer 2014 after which it was raised and a new dining hall was constructed and dedicated in June 2015. Thousands of Scouts from the Pacific Northwest and throughout the United States and Canada attend camp each summer.
Camp Parsons is the only Boy Scout Camp. Camp Parsons has hiking treks for Scouts to explore the Olympic Mountains and Kayak treks to explore the Hood Canal. Chief Seattle Council's local lodge in the Order of the Arrow is T'kope Kwiskwis, founded in 1954; the name translates to' the Silver Marmot' and refers to the council's original honor society that originated at Camp Parsons, the Silver Marmot. Unlike other lodges around the United States, which wear the Plains Indian style of regalia for their ceremonies, T'Kope, along with neighboring lodges wears button blankets. In April 2013, T'Kope Kwiskwis completed the reconstruction of a cermonial longhouse at Camp Pigott, used for Order of the Arrow ceremonies; the T'Kope Kwiskwis lodge won the 2012 OA National Service Award. Scouting in Washington http://www.seattlescouting.org
Grays Harbor County, Washington
Grays Harbor County is a county in the U. S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 72,797; the county seat is Montesano, its largest city is Aberdeen. Grays Harbor County comprises WA Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county is presently named after a large estuarine bay near its southwestern corner. On May 7, 1792, Boston fur trader Robert Gray crossed the bar into a bay which he called Bullfinch Harbor, but which cartographers would label Chehalis Bay, Grays Harbor; the area that now comprises Grays Harbor County was part of Oregon Territory in the first part of the nineteenth century. On December 19, 1845, the Provisional Government of Oregon created two counties in its northern portion. In 1849, the name of Vancouver County was changed to Lewis County, on April 14, 1854, a portion of Lewis County was partitioned off to become Chehalis County; this county's boundaries have not changed since its creation, but on June 9, 1915, its name was changed to Grays Harbor County, to eliminate confusion, since a town named Chehalis is in a different county.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,224 square miles, of which 1,902 square miles is land and 322 square miles is water. Griffiths-Priday Ocean State Park Lake Sylvia State Park Ocean City State Park Pacific Beach State Park Twin Harbors State Park Westhaven State Park Westport Light State Park State Route 8 U. S. Route 12 U. S. Route 101 State Route 105 State Route 107 State Route 109 Jefferson County – north Mason County – northeast Thurston County – east/southeast Lewis County – south/southeast Pacific County – south Chehalis Indian Reservation Colonel Bob Wilderness Copalis National Wildlife Refuge Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Olympic National Forest Olympic National Park Quinault Indian Reservation As of the census of 2000, there were 67,194 people, 26,808 households, 17,907 families residing in the county; the population density was 35 people per square mile. There were 32,489 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.30% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 4.66% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, 3.10% from two or more races.
4.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.3% were of German, 11.9% United States or American, 9.9% English, 9.2% Irish, 6.1% Norwegian ancestry. 94.1% spoke English and 3.9% Spanish as their first language. There were 26,808 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.20% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,160, the median income for a family was $39,709.
Males had a median income of $35,947 versus $24,262 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,799. 16.10% of the population and 11.90% of families were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under the age of 18 and 40% of those 65 and older. As of the 2010 Census, there were 72,797 people, 28,579 households, 18,493 families residing in the county; the population density was 38.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 35,166 housing units at an average density of 18.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 84.9% white, 4.6% American Indian, 1.4% Asian, 1.1% black or African American, 0.3% Pacific islander, 3.9% from other races, 3.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.0% were German, 13.5% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 6.8% were Norwegian, 4.2% were American. Of the 28,579 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.3% were non-families, 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 41.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $41,899 and the median income for a family was $49,745. Males had a median income of $42,998 versus $34,183 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,656. About 11.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over. Grays Harbor County was one of the most Democratic in the nation; until 2016, the last Republican Presidential candidate to carry the county was Herbert Hoover in 1928 and the last Republican gubernatorial candidate to carry the county was Daniel J. Evans in 1964. However, Donald Trump carried the county in the 2016 Presidential Election. In the United States House of Representatives Grays Harbor is part of Washington's 6th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+5 and is represented by Derek Kilmer.
In the Washington State Legislature it lies in the 19th, 24th, 35th districts. In the Washington State Senate it is represented by Brian Hatfield, James Hargrove, Tim Sheldon. In the Washington House of Representat