William Warren Scranton was an American Republican Party politician and diplomat. Scranton served as the 38th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1963 to 1967. Born into the prominent Scranton family, he graduated from Yale Law School and served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. After the war, he became active in the Pennsylvania Republican Party, he won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1960 and gained a reputation as an outspoken moderate during his time in Congress. He won the Republican nomination in Pennsylvania's 1962 gubernatorial election, defeating Democrat Richardson Dilworth in the general election; as governor, Scranton presided over sweeping reforms to Pennsylvania's education system, including the creation of the state's community college system. Scranton entered the race for the 1964 Republican presidential nomination after the collapse of Nelson Rockefeller's candidacy, but Barry Goldwater won the nomination. Scranton remained active in politics.
He chaired the President's Commission on Campus Unrest, served as a member of the transition team for President Gerald Ford, served as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 1976 to 1977. He served on the boards of several high-profile corporations and was associated with the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations. William Scranton was born on July 19, 1917 while the Scranton family was on vacation at a cottage in Madison, Connecticut, he was the son of Worthington Scranton, a wealthy Pennsylvania businessman, Marion Margery Scranton, a member of the Republican National Committee for over two decades. Despite her own involvement in politics, his mother tried to dissuade him from entering politics because of his childhood struggles with asthma, she feared. She died just before her son's election to Congress in 1960. Scranton family members, George W. Scranton and his brother Selden, were the founders and patriarchs of the city of Scranton, Pennsylvania, he was the grandnephew of a Representative from Pennsylvania.
He was a nephew by marriage of former U. S. Supreme Court Justice David Davis, a confidante of President Abraham Lincoln, his maternal ancestors came to America on the Mayflower. Scranton's father was the son of Katharine Maria Smith, his father was an industrialist, general manager of the Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company founded by George W. Scranton, among other interests in Scranton. Katherine Smith was the daughter of Worthington Curtis Smith, who served as a Congressman from Vermont. Katherine M. Smith's uncle was J. Gregory Smith, her cousins included Edward Curtis Smith, who served as governor. Her grandfather, John Smith served as a Congressman from Vermont. Scranton's genealogical line runs from John Smith to Worthington C. Smith to Katherine Maria Smith Scranton to Worthington Scranton to Scranton, he began his education at the Scranton Country Day School, founded by his parents, completing his basic schooling at the Fessenden School in Newton and attended the prestigious Hotchkiss School in Lakeville, Connecticut.
Scranton graduated from Yale University in 1939. While at Yale, he was a member of the Yale Political Union and the Chi Psi fraternity, where he became friends with another fraternity brother from Delta Kappa Epsilon, future U. S. President Gerald Ford, of the Berzelius Secret Senior Society (pictured with his Berzelius Class of'39 as He attended Yale Law School from 1939 to 1941, dropping out in advance of World War II, enlisting in the United States Army Air Corps and serving as an Air Transport Command pilot during the war. Although he did not serve in combat, he was assigned to aircraft mobilization and pilot training duties, was stationed on three different continents during his tour of duty, including South America and Asia. On July 6, 1942, he married Mary Lowe Chamberlain; the couple had four children, a daughter and three sons, William Worthington, Joseph Curtis and Peter Kip. He was honorably discharged from military as a captain, but was active in the U. S. Air Force Reserves for two decades thereafter.
Following the war, he resumed his studies at Yale Law School. He was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in August of that year. Scranton practiced law and entered the business community after the war becoming successful in several firms in northeastern Pennsylvania, he joined the largest correspondence school in America in 1949 as its Vice President for legal affairs. He left in 1954, he became active in Republican Party politics in the 1950s and came to the attention of President Dwight Eisenhower. In 1959, Eisenhower appointed Scranton as a special assistant to US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and Christian Herter. Scranton served a little over a year before resigning to run for Congress. Scranton's name recognition and family connections helped him win a 17,000 vote victory over incumbent Stanley Prokop in a Democratic district in 1960. Scranton represented Pennsylvania's 10th Congressional District in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1961 to 1963. Though a freshman Republican, he gained a reputation as an outspoken moderate and supported much of President John F. Kennedy's social agenda including his legislative agenda for the Civil Rights Movement and the Peace Corps.
The media dubbed him a "Ken
Deborah Scranton is an American film director. She directed The War Tapes, a documentary detailing the personal stories of soldiers in the Iraq War, it was the first of its kind in that she sent the soldiers video cameras so they can shoot raw footage of their actual, on hand experiences in combat. The film won several honors, including Best International Documentary at the Tribeca Film Festival and Best International Documentary at BritDoc in 2006 and was shortlisted for an Oscar in 2007. Scranton produced and directed Bad Voodoo's War, for Frontline/PBS and ITVS; the show first aired April 1, 2008. It reprised her virtual embed technique, focusing on a squad of U. S.soldiers deploying as part of the'Surge'. Her latest film, Earth Made Of Glass, had its world premiere at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival in World Documentary Competition. A political thriller set in Rwanda and France, Earth Made of Glass features the President of Rwanda Paul Kagame as one of the film's main characters. Earth Made of Glass aired on HBO in April 2011 and was nominated as Best Documentary by the Producer's Guild of America.
The film won a Peabody Award in 2012. In 2007, she was a visiting fellow at The Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University with the Global Media Project in the Global Security Program and taught a senior seminar on documentary filmmaking and social change. Scranton speaks internationally on her "virtual embed" filmmaking technique, she has spoken at conferences and institutions including TED, Nordic Media Festival, The Frontline Club, Yale, Center For Irregular Warfare – Quantico and the Tribeca Cinema Film Series. Scranton started her career in television covering sports events including the Tour de France, the Winter Olympics, US Open Tennis and was a special assignment reporter, her work has been profiled in publications including the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the International Herald Tribune. A former US ski team member, she resides on a farm in the mountains of New Hampshire, she holds degrees from Dartmouth College. The War Tapes at Tribeca Film Front and Center: Deborah Scranton’s “The War Tapes” by Michael Joshua Rowin with responses from Chris Wisniewski and Nicolas Rapold, indieWIRE, May 30, 2006'The War Tapes': Soldiers Tell Their Own Iraq Stories, article by Michele Norris, National Public Radio, June 30, 2006 Film sees war through soldiers' eyes, article by Richard Allen Greene, BBC News, June 2, 2006 Deborah Scranton: Scenes from "The War Tapes", Scranton's TED presentation Deborah Scranton at TED
George W. Scranton
George Whitfield Scranton was an industrialist and politician, a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania from March 4, 1859, until his death in 1861. Moving to Pennsylvania in the late 1830s to establish an iron furnace, he and his brother Selden T. Scranton are considered among the founders of the city of Scranton, named for their family, they and two partners established what became known as the Coal Company. They developed a method of producing T-rails for constructing railroad track, imported from England; the innovation led to a boom in production of construction of railroads. Scranton became a major industrialist leading the Delaware and Western Railroad, which depended on the iron industry. After his death, his cousin Joseph H. Scranton, an early investor who had moved to this city, became president and the cousin's son, William Walker Scranton, became general manager of the Iron & Coal Company. W. W. Scranton managed the company during and after the Scranton General Strike of 1877, founding the Lackawanna Steel Company.
George Scranton was born in Connecticut. Among his siblings was his brother Selden T. Scranton, he attended Lee’s Academy. He became a teamster, he and his brother both worked at an iron manufacturing factory. Learning of extensive iron and coal deposits in northeast Pennsylvania, the two Scranton brothers became interested in potential for new industry and moved to this area of mining "hard" or anthracite coal. Together with Sanford Grant and Philip H. Mattes, they formed the firm of Scrantons, Grant & Company. Mattes was head of a branch of a bank in Easton and helped gain financing. In 1839 Scranton started manufacture of iron, began experimenting with the practicability of smelting ore by means of "hard" or anthracite coal in Slocum Hollow; this area was developing as the center of extensive mining of anthracite coal. Scranton was the founder of the Lackawanna Coal Company, named after the river, he and his brother Selden, together with Grant and Mattes, are considered founders of the city of Scranton, named after the Scranton family.
He constructed the Northumberland division of the Lackawanna Railroad, helping to create the Delaware and Western Railroad. He was the president of two railroad companies. In 1858 Selden Scranton returned to Oxford Furnace in New Jersey. Scranton was elected to Congress from Pennsylvania as a Republican in 1858 to the 36th Congress and served from March 4, 1859, until his death in Scranton on March 24, 1861. In 1847, his cousin Joseph A. Scranton moved with his second wife and young family to this corner of Pennsylvania. One of his sons, William Walker Scranton, went to Yale in the family tradition becoming general manager of the Lackawanna Iron & Coal company, he led the company during the extensive protests and action in the city in 1877 during the Scranton General Strike. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "George W. Scranton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. George W. Scranton at Find a Grave
Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is the county seat and largest city of Lackawanna County in Northeastern Pennsylvania's Wyoming Valley and hosts a federal court building for the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania. With a population of 77,291, it is the largest city in the Scranton–Wilkes-Barre–Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of about 570,000; the city is conventionally divided into 7 districts: North Scranton, Westside, East Scranton, Central City and Green Ridge, though these areas do not have legal status. Scranton is the geographic and cultural center of the Lackawanna River valley, the largest of the former anthracite coal mining communities in a contiguous quilt-work that includes Wilkes-Barre, Nanticoke and Carbondale. Scranton was incorporated on February 14, 1856, as a borough in Luzerne County and as a city on April 23, 1866, it became a major industrial city, a center of mining and railroads, attracted thousands of new immigrants.
It was the site of the Scranton General Strike in 1877. People in northern Luzerne County sought a new county in 1839 but the Wilkes-Barre area resisted losing its assets. Lackawanna County did not gain independent status until 1878. Under legislation allowing the issue to be voted by residents of the proposed territory, voters favored the new county by a proportion of 6 to 1, with Scranton residents providing the major support; the city was designated as the county seat when Lackawanna County was established in 1878, a judicial district was authorized in 1879. The city "took its first step toward earning its reputation as the "Electric City" when electric lights were introduced in 1880 at Dickson Locomotive Works. Six years the nation's first streetcars powered by electricity began operating in the city. Rev. David Spencer, a local Baptist minister proclaimed Scranton as the "Electric City". Present-day Scranton and its surrounding area had been long inhabited by the native Lenape tribe, from whose language "Lackawanna", is derived.
In 1778, Isaac Tripp, the area's first known European-American settler, built his home here. More settlers from Connecticut came to the area in the late 18th and early 19th centuries after the American Revolutionary War, as their state claimed this area as part of their colonial charter, they established mills and other small businesses in a village that became known as Slocum Hollow. People in the village during this time carried the traits and accent of their New England settlers, which were somewhat different from most of Pennsylvania; some area settlers from Connecticut participated in what was known as the Pennamite Wars, where settlers competed for control of the territory, included in royal colonial land grants to both states. Though anthracite coal was being mined in Carbondale to the north and Wilkes-Barre to the south, the industries that precipitated the city's early rapid growth were iron and steel. In the 1840s, brothers Selden T. and George W. Scranton, who had worked at Oxford Furnace in Belvidere, New Jersey, founded what became Lackawanna Iron & Coal developing as the Lackawanna Steel Company.
It started producing iron nails, but that venture failed due to low-quality iron. The Erie Railroad's construction in New York State was delayed by its having to acquire iron rails as imports from England; the Scrantons' firm decided to switch its focus to producing T-rails for the Erie. In 1851, the Scrantons built the Lackawanna and Western Railroad northward, with recent Irish immigrants supplying most of the labor, to meet the Erie Railroad in Great Bend, Pennsylvania, thus they could transport manufactured rails from the Lackawanna Valley to the Midwest. They invested in coal mining operations in the city to fuel their steel operations, to market it to businesses. In 1856, they expanded the railroad eastward as the Delaware and Western Railroad, in order to tap into the New York City metropolitan market; this railroad, with its hub in Scranton, was Scranton's largest employer for one hundred years. The Pennsylvania Coal Company built a gravity railroad in the 1850s through the city for the purpose of transporting coal.
The gravity railroad was replaced by a steam railroad built in 1886 by the Erie and Wyoming Valley Railroad. The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, which had its own gravity railroad from Carbondale to Honesdale, built a steam railroad that entered Scranton in 1863. During this short period of time, the city transformed from a small, agrarian-based village of people with New England roots to a multicultural, industrial-based city. From 1860 to 1900, the city's population increased more than tenfold. Most new immigrants, such as the Irish and south Germans and Polish, were Catholic, a contrast to the majority-Protestant early settlers of colonial descent. National, ethnic and class differences were wrapped into political affiliations, with many new immigrants joining the Democratic Party In 1856, the Borough of Scranton was incorporated, it was incorporated as a city of 35,000 in 1866 in Luzerne County, when the surrounding boroughs of Hyde Park and Providence
William Walker Scranton
William Walker Scranton was an American businessman based in Scranton, Pennsylvania. He became president and manager of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company after his father's death in 1872; the company had been founded by his father's cousin George W. Scranton. Among his innovations, Scranton adopted the Bessemer process for his operations in 1876 increasing production of steel ties with a new mill. Scranton founded the Scranton Steel Company, in 1891 consolidated as Lackawanna Iron and Steel Company; the steel company became the second largest in the nation. He also managed the Scranton Gas and Water Company, developing a secure water supply outside the city by creating Lake Scranton. William W. Scranton managed the Lackawanna works during and after the Scranton General Strike of 1877. In 1902 Lackawanna Steel Company moved to a location south of Buffalo, New York on Lake Erie for access to new production of iron ore being shipped from Minnesota; the city of Lackawanna, New York was named after the company.
Scranton stayed in his home city. William Walker Scranton was born in 1844 in Augusta, the oldest of six children of Joseph Hand Scranton of Connecticut and his second wife Cornelia Walker, "ten years his junior, the youngest daughter and child of the late Judge William P. Walker of Lenox, Massachusetts." Joseph Scranton started in business in Augusta, moving his family in 1847 to Pennsylvania. He had invested the year before in an ironworks started by two of his cousins, brothers George and Selden T. Scranton. J. H. Scranton's investment in their firm in 1846 saved the firm from bankruptcy, he became president of Lackawanna Iron & Coal, serving until his death in 1872. William was the oldest of six children, with two brothers and three sisters, all of whom were born after the family's move to Pennsylvania, they had an older half-brother Joseph A. Scranton, he attended Scranton High. William Scranton graduated from Yale in 1865. There he rowed crew as one of his sports, he married Katherine Maria Smith on 15 October 1874 in Vermont.
She was the daughter of Worthington Curtis Katherine Smith. They had one son, born August 29 1876. Scranton's father Joseph became president of Lackawanna Iron & Coal after George's death in 1861. Selden Scranton had returned in 1858 to Oxford Furnace in New Jersey. William Scranton started working in the family business after his return from Yale, took over its management after his father's death in 1872, he had to struggle with economic disruptions after the Panic of 1873, which had effects for years and caused a downturn. In 1874 Scranton traveled to Europe to study the new Bessemer process for making steel ties, being used by England and Germany. From 1866 to 1877, eleven Bessemer mills were licensed in the United States. In 1876 Scranton built a new mill at the Lackawanna works for the Bessemer method; as a result, it "doubled capacity and quadrupled its output." The company became one of the top producers of steel in the United States. Scranton was leading the company during the economic downturn in the 1870s, through the disturbances of the Scranton General Strike of 1877.
Workers from the railroad and other industries walked out in protest of wage cuts, associated with the Great Railroad Strike of that year, as labor unrest spread across the nation. In a dispute over control of the family company, Scranton in 1880 quit Lackawanna Iron and Coal Co. which had become the nation’s second-largest producer of iron. "He formed the Scranton Steel Co. and within a decade, Scranton Steel was so successful that it forced a merger with Lackawanna Iron and Coal. It became Lackawanna Iron and Steel and retired its founding $1.2 million debt within a year."Beginning in 1891, Scranton worked to develop Scranton Gas & Water, founded by his father in 1858. Although it had in the early decades taken water from the Lackawanna River, industrial pollution spoiled that source. To secure a supply of quality water outside the city, Scranton dammed Stafford Meadow Brook, creating what was known as Lake Scranton, he had a road built around a building for overlook and recreation by the public.
The reservoir held 2.5 billion gallons. Scranton supported the Scranton Surface Protection Association, founded in 1913 to combat collapse of city streets and neighborhoods caused by underground mining, force mining companies to compensate for losses, he contributed $10,000 to its efforts. Scranton is interred in the family chapel at Dunmore Cemetery in Dunmore, where his father was interred, his wake was attended by thousands, his funeral by hundreds, including numerous employees from his businesses and family, dignitaries. In 1928 his son Worthington Scranton sold the family business and became a substantial philanthropist to the city and state. William's grandson, William Warren Scranton, became a congressman from Pennsylvania and was elected as governor of the state, serving from 1963 to 1967, he was appointed as U. S. ambassador to the United Nations, serving from 1976 to 1977. His grandson, William Worthington Scranton III served as the 26th lieutenant governor of Pennsylvania from 1979 to 1987.
William Walker Scranton at Find a Grave
University of Scranton
The University of Scranton is a private, non-profit, co-educational and Jesuit research university, located in the historic Hill Section of Scranton, United States. It was founded in 1888 by William O'Hara, the first Bishop of Scranton, as St. Thomas College. In 1938, the College was elevated to university status and took the name The University of Scranton; the institution was operated by the Diocese of Scranton from its founding until 1897. While the Diocese of Scranton retained ownership of the University, it was administered by the Lasallian Christian Brothers from 1888 to 1942. In 1942, the Society of Jesus took ownership and control of the University. During the 1960s, the University became an independent institution under a lay Board of Trustees; the University of Scranton is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities and is served by the Scranton Jesuit Community. The University is composed of three Colleges: The College of Arts and Sciences, The Kania School of Management, The Panuska College of Professional Studies, all of which contain both undergraduate and graduate programs.
The University had a College of Graduate and Continuing Education, folded into the colleges of the respective programs. The University offers 65 Bachelor's Degree Programs, 29 Master's Degree Programs, 43 Minors, 38 Undergraduate Concentrations, as well as a Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, a Doctor of Nursing Practice Program, a Doctor of Business Administration Program; the University enrolls 6,000 graduate and undergraduate students. Most of its students are from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York. In 2016, about 58% of its undergraduate students were women and 42% men. In its graduate programs, about 62% are women students and 38% men; the University has about 300 full-time faculty members 200 of which are tenured. In 1888 the first bishop of Scranton, Most Rev. William O’Hara. began construction of St. Thomas College, the predecessor of the University of Scranton. In September 1892 the College admitted its first students, 62 young men. Staffing passed from diocesan priests and seminarians, to Xaverian Brothers, after 1897 to Lasallian Christian Brothers.
In 1897 the school was broken into three divisions: the college department, a two-year commercial program, St. Thomas High School which remained open until 1939. Jesuit Fr. Daniel J. MacGoldrick came from Georgetown University to serve as president from 1895 until his death in 1900; the College awarded degrees through other colleges until 1924, when it received a State charter to grant bachelor's degrees in arts and science, the master of science. In 1938, the Christian Brothers renamed the college "University of Scranton" and began admitting women to the evening division; the Drama Club began productions in 1893. The Aquinas began as a literary monthly in 1915, furnishing a yearbook edition, evolving into a student newspaper in 1931, by the 21st century adding a web edition; the current Windhover yearbook was first published in 1948 and named for the bird's loyalty to its master. The Glee Club dates to 1925. In 1931 the college band began playing at sports events and presenting a spring concert.
In 1942 governance of the University of Scranton passed over to the Society of Jesuits. In 1944 Scranton Preparatory School was founded, with its first quarters in a former private hospital building. With the influx of veterans after World War II, three barracks were constructed on the former Scranton Estate and served as classroom space over the following 15 years. After 1946 the athletic teams ceased to be the Tomcats and were called the Royals after the purple color of their uniforms; the Graduate School opened in 1950, soon adding programs in Education, Business Administration, Chemistry and English. In 1951 an Army ROTC unit was established and made obligatory for non-veterans through freshman and sophomore years. An expansion plan, beginning at $5,000,000, produced fifteen new buildings between 1956 and 1966, with Loyola Hall of Science in 1956 and the first residence halls for students in 1958: Casey, Martin, McCourt. Three years Denis Edward, Hafey and Hannan residence halls were added.
With the death of Worthington Scranton in 1958, the University acquired the remainder of his properties. Alumni Memorial Library was completed in 1960 and Gunster Memorial Student Center in 1961, including the 400-seat Eagen Auditorium. In 1962 the five-storey classroom building St. Thomas Hall was built, which included St. Ignatius Loyola Chapel. At this time the original Wyoming Avenue properties were vacated. New construction extended to Driscoll and Nevils residence halls in 1965, raising on-campus housing to 650 male students. In 1967 the first varsity athletic center was completed and named after former president Fr. John J. Long, S. J. who had led the building campaign over more than a decade. Esprit, the University's review of arts and letters, first appeared in 1958 and Flannery O'Connor, friend of a Jesuit, visited the campus to help get it launched. After campus protests against the Vietnam War in the late 1960s, participation in the ROTC became voluntary in 1969; the same year other regulations were changed: the requirement that students wear coat and tie to class was dropped, students of age were allowed to drink in the dormitories, only underclassmen with failing grades were subject to a curfew.
After 1970 females could visit male dormitories until 10:00 P. M. on weekdays and 2:00 A. M. on weekends. The common core curriculum added options after 1970. In 1966 a University Senate was established, whereby facul
William B. Scranton
William Benton Scranton was a medical doctor and a Methodist missionary in Korea. William B. Scranton was born on May 29, 1856 in New Haven, the son of William Talcott Scranton, a merchant, Mary Fletcher Scranton, his father died when William Scranton was moved to Ohio with his mother. He graduated from Yale University in 1878 and the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1882 and practiced as a medical doctor in Cleveland, Ohio for three years. One of American missionaries for Japan, Robert S. Maclay, visited Korea in 1884 to seek permission from the king Gojong to start Methodist mission work, in 1884, he was granted limited permission to establish a Methodist mission only for educational and medical work. After receiving the news about the permission, the missionary society of the Methodist Episcopal Church selected Rev. Henry G. Appenzeller and Dr. William B. Scranton. Mary F. Scranton decided to accompany her only child, William Scranton, as an agent of the Methodist Woman's Foreign Missionary Society.
William Scranton arrived in Japan in February 1885 with his wife, Loulie Wyeth Arms, his mother for mission in Korea. Because of the political uncertainty in Korea caused by Gapsin Coup occurred in 1884, Scranton went alone to Korea, leaving his wife and mother in Japan. At the invitation from Dr. Horace N. Allen, a Presbyterian missionary in Korea, Scranton joined Gwang Hye Won, a western-style Royal hospital opened in early 1885, but soon decided to establish a separate Methodist hospital. In June 1885, Scranton's wife and mother were reunited with William Scranton at a newly purchased house near the U. S. legation in Seoul. Scranton converted the house for a Methodist dispensary and began receiving patients on September 10, 1885; the dispensary was expanded in 1886 to include 5 wards, the king Gojong gave it the name, Si Pyung Won, meaning "the universal relief hospital."After experiencing struggles with Merriman C. Harris, Scranton became Anglican, he moved to Manchuria in 1916 and to Kobe, Japan in 1917.
Scranton had served as medical inspector for the American Consulate in Kobe until he died from pneumonia on March 23, 1922. He was cremated and the ashes interred in the Kobe Foreigners Cemetery located in Kasugano. Bible translations into Korean Christianity in Korea