The River Wild
The River Wild is a 1994 American adventure thriller film directed by Curtis Hanson and starring Meryl Streep, Kevin Bacon, David Strathairn, John C. Reilly, Benjamin Bratt, Joseph Mazzello as Roarke, it is about a family on a whitewater rafting trip who encounter two violent criminals in the wilderness. A Boston couple and Tom Hartman, are having marital problems, due to his inability to spend time with his family because of his work as an architect. She, a history teacher and former river guide, decides to take their son, Roarke, on a holiday rafting trip down the Salmon River in Idaho, along with their dog, Maggie, their daughter, accompanies them to Gail's parents' house in Idaho. At the last minute, just when they are about to leave for the week-long trip, Tom joins them; as they are setting off, they meet a trio of other rafters, Wade and Frank, who appear to be friendly. Thus they leave for the trip; the Hartmans catch up with the trio during a day break, notice that Frank is no longer with Wade & Terry.
They explain. Frank was their guide, Wade & Terry lack any experience on the river. In the spirit of cooperation found in the backcountry, Gail offers to lead them down the rest of the river. Before getting back on the water, Maggie is found barking and digging at something buried farther up the canyon wall - Frank's body. Tom interrupts Maggie before she discovers the body, brings her back to the boats. Tom is startled by Terry, sent by Wade to ensure Tom didn't learn what had happened to Frank. After a day's rafting, they make camp for the night, but Tom continues to work on his renderings rather than entering into the experience, which agitates Roarke, they are joined by Terry, who help to celebrate Roarke's birthday that night. Gail becomes friendly with Wade. However, after a while he begins acting suspiciously, she decides it would be best to part ways. During the morning's rafting, he reveals to Roarke; as they raft down the river and Tom discuss a strategy that will allow them to leave Wade and Terry behind, at lunch they attempt to leave on their raft and get away before Wade and Terry realize what is going on.
The attempt fails, Wade pulls the gun on them and assaults Tom. Maggie runs off during the melee. Gail realizes that an armed robbery she had heard about was carried out by Wade and Terry, their rafting trip is a way for them to get away. Having found out that they are criminals, the Hartmans are forced down the river at gunpoint before they set up camp for the night. During the night, Tom attempts to steal the gun from Terry while he sleeps but is heard and has to run into the bushes and to the river. Wade believes he has shot Tom when he hears a loud splash into the water. A park ranger named, he bumps into them. Wade holds the gun to Gail's back, they pretend everything is okay. Johnny reappears. Wade throws him into the rapids. Wade and Terry plan to escape by rafting a set of rapids named the Gauntlet, where rafting is no longer allowed because in recent years one person was killed and another was left paralyzed. Aware that Gail is one of only three people to have survived it, they force her to raft down it despite her repeated declarations that she can no longer navigate such big water not with novices and Roarke.
Unbeknownst to anyone Tom has been racing on foot along the canyon rim to get ahead of the raft, in a desperate attempt to save his family. After a harrowing ride in which Terry is nearly drowned, they manage to make it through the Gauntlet. Tom reappears, manages to flip the raft; as he struggles with Terry, Gail is able to get the gun. Wade tells Gail there is no need to kill him, that if she does, it will haunt her because she will never have a way to know if she had to. She, knowing Wade believes the gun has only one round, points it into the air to fire it, but it only clicks on an empty chamber, after which Wade orders Terry to kill Tom and Roarke, Wade goes after Gail. Gail opens the gun, sees the remaining cartridge, chambers the last round, kills Wade; the film ends with the Hartmans and Terry, arrested, being helicoptered out. In June 1993, Universal Studios began considering locations along the Middle Fork of the Flathead River and the Kootenai River in Montana, they began to seek permits from the forest service and permission from private landowners to film near the falls and nearby West Glacier.
Other than Montana for locations, the studio began to scout the areas in Washington, Oregon and Wyoming. Before filming began, the crew spent two weeks doing development on whitewater rafting. Principal photography began in late July 1993. Many of the film's whitewater scenes were filmed on the Kootenai River. Other scenes were filmed on the Ruby Horsethief section of the Colorado River, the Rogue River in Southern Oregon, the Middle Fork of the Flathead River. Streep did several of her own stunts on the milder river sections; the major whitewater stunts were performed by expert professional river guide Kelley Kalafatich, hired as Streep's stunt double for the movie. There was a scare at the end of one day of filming when Hanson asked Streep to shoot one more scene, to which she objected because of her exhaustion. However, she decided to attempt it, weak from fatigue, was swept off the raft into the river and was in dange
Annette Carol Bening is an American actress. She began her career on stage with the Colorado Shakespeare Festival company in 1980, played Lady Macbeth in 1984 at the American Conservatory Theatre, she was nominated for the 1987 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her Broadway debut in Coastal Disturbances. She is a four-time Academy Award nominee for the films: The Grifters, American Beauty, Being Julia, The Kids Are All Right. In 2006, she received a film star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Bening won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress and the Screen Actors Guild Award for Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role for American Beauty, two Golden Globe Awards for Being Julia and The Kids Are All Right, was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for Mrs. Harris. In 2019, she played the roles of Supreme Intelligence and Mar-Vell / Wendy Lawson in the Marvel Cinematic Universe's Captain Marvel, which became her highest grossing release.
Bening was born in Topeka, the daughter of Shirley Katherine and Arnett Grant Bening. Her mother was a church singer and soloist, her father was a sales training consultant and insurance salesman, her parents, natives of Iowa, were practicing conservative Republicans. She is of German and English descent; the youngest of four children, she has two older brothers Bradley and Byron. The family moved to Kansas in 1959, where she spent her early childhood. In 1965, her father took a job with a company in San Diego and they moved there, she began playing the lead in The Sound of Music. She graduated in 1975 from Patrick Henry High School, she spent a year working as a cook on a charter boat taking fishing parties out on the Pacific Ocean, scuba diving for recreation. Bening attended San Diego Mesa College completed an academic degree in theatre arts at San Francisco State University. Bening began her career on stage with the Colorado Shakespeare Festival company in 1980, appeared in plays at the San Diego Repertory Theatre.
She was a member of the acting company at the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco while studying acting as part of the Advanced Theatre Training Program. There, she starred in such productions as Shakespeare's Macbeth as Lady Macbeth. Bening starred in productions of Pygmalion and The Cherry Orchard at the Denver Center Theatre Company during the 1985–86 season, she made her Broadway debut in 1987, garnering a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her performance in Coastal Disturbances. Bening co-starred with Colin Firth in Valmont, she made her breakout role in The Grifters, in which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1991, she portrayed Virginia Hill in Barry Levinson's biopic Bugsy, alongside Warren Beatty. Bening co-starred with Harrison Ford in Regarding Henry. In 1994, Bening and Beatty starred together again, in Love Affair. In 1995, Bening played the female lead in The American President, with Michael Douglas, a role she followed with Tim Burton's sci-fi spoof Mars Attacks!, The Siege, a thriller with Denzel Washington and Bruce Willis.
Bening starred in Sam Mendes' directorial debut film American Beauty. The film won five Academy Awards, including for Best Picture. For her performance, she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role. Bening starred in other films, including In Dreams and What Planet Are You From?. Bening played Sue Barlow in Open Range, she played the title role in Being Julia, in which she won a Golden Globe, NBR Best Actress, was a runner-up for NYFCC and was nominated by SAG and for the Academy Award for her performance. She was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for her role of Jean Harris the 2005 HBO film Mrs. Harris, she replaced Julianne Moore to star in the film adaptation of Running with Scissors, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe. Bening starred in The Women remake. In 2009, Bening starred in a new interpretation of the Euripides classic Medea at UCLA's Freud Playhouse, she received positive reviews for her performance in Child.
In 2010, she starred in Joanna Murray-Smith's comedy The Female of the Species at the Geffen Playhouse in Los Angeles. That year, Bening received strong critical acclaim for her performance in The Kids Are All Right, with several reviewers noting that she "deserves an Oscar" for her "sublime" performance. For her role, Bening won a Golden Globe, NYFFC Best Actress, was runner-up for NSFC, was nominated by SAG and BAFTA and for the Academy Award. In 2012, Bening's audiobook recording of Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway was released at Audible.com. In 2014, she starred in Shakespeare's King Lear at the Delacorte Theater in Central Park, as part of the Public Theatre's Free Shakespeare in the Park, it marked her first New York stage appearance in twenty years. In 2016, Bening starred in Mike Mills's comedy-drama 20th Century Women alongside Elle Fanning, Greta Gerwig, Billy Crudup, she earned a Golden Globe nomination for her performance In 2017, She in Film Stars Don't Die in Liverpoolas Gloria Grahame alongside Jamie Bell, Vanessa Redgrave, Julie Walters.
She was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance. In 2019, Benning is set to return to the Broadway stage after a 32-year absence, she will star in the revival of A
Susan Abigail Sarandon is an American actress and activist. She has received an Academy Award, a British Academy Film Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, has been nominated for six Primetime Emmy Awards and nine Golden Globe Awards, she is known for her political activism for a variety of causes. She was appointed a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1999 and received the Action Against Hunger Humanitarian Award in 2006. Sarandon began her career before appearing in the soap opera A World Apart. In 1974, she co-starred as a young Zelda Fitzgerald surrogate in the TV movie F. Scott Fitzgerald and'The Last of the Belles' and in 1975, she starred in the popular cult film The Rocky Horror Picture Show, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Atlantic City, Thelma & Louise, Lorenzo's Oil, The Client, before winning for Dead Man Walking. She has won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for The Client, the Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress for Dead Man Walking.
Her other films include: Pretty Baby, The Hunger, The Witches of Eastwick, Bull Durham, White Palace, Little Women, Enchanted, The Lovely Bones, The Meddler, A Bad Moms Christmas. She made her Broadway debut in An Evening with Richard Nixon in 1972 and went on to receive Drama Desk Award nominations for the Off-Broadway plays, A Coupla White Chicks Sitting Around Talking and Extremities, she returned to Broadway in the 2009 revival of Exit the King. On television, she is a six-time Emmy Award nominee, including for her guest roles on the sitcoms Friends and Malcolm in the Middle, appearances in the TV films Bernard and Doris and You Don't Know Jack. In 2017, Sarandon portrayed Bette Davis in the first season of FX's anthology series Feud, for which she was nominated for both for acting and producing Emmys, she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy award for executive producing Cool Women in History in 2002. Sarandon was born in the Queens borough of New York City, she is the eldest of nine children of Lenora Marie and Phillip Leslie Tomalin, an advertising executive, television producer, one-time nightclub singer.
She has four brothers, Philip Jr. Terry, Tim and O'Brian, four sisters, Bonnie and Missy, her father was of English and Welsh ancestry, his English ancestors being from Hackney in London and his Welsh ancestors being from Bridgend. On her mother's side, she is of Italian descent, with ancestors from the regions of Tuscany and Sicily. Sarandon attended Roman Catholic schools, she grew up in Edison, New Jersey, where she graduated from Edison High School in 1964. She attended The Catholic University of America, from 1964 to 1968, earned a BA in drama and worked with noted drama coach and master teacher, Father Gilbert V. Hartke. In 1969, Sarandon went to a casting call for the motion-picture Joe with her then-husband Chris Sarandon. Although he did not get a part, she was cast in a major role of a disaffected teen who disappears into the seedy underworld. Between 1970 and 1972, she appeared in the soap operas A World Apart and Search for Tomorrow, playing Patrice Kahlman and Sarah Fairbanks, respectively.
In 1975, she appeared in The Rocky Horror Picture Show. That same year, she played the female lead in The Great Waldo Pepper, opposite Robert Redford, she was twice directed in Pretty Baby and Atlantic City. The latter earned Sarandon her first Academy Award nomination, her most controversial film appearance was in Tony Scott's The Hunger, a modern vampire story in which she had a lesbian sex scene with Catherine Deneuve. She appeared in the comedy-fantasy The Witches of Eastwick alongside Jack Nicholson and Michelle Pfeiffer. However, Sarandon did not become a "household name" until she appeared with Kevin Costner and Tim Robbins in the film Bull Durham, a commercial and critical success. Roger Ebert praised Sarandon's performance in his review for the Chicago Sun-Times: "I don't know who else they could have hired to play Annie Savoy, the Sarandon character who pledges her heart and her body to one player a season, but I doubt if the character would have worked without Sarandon's wonderful performance".
Sarandon was nominated for an Academy Award four more times in the 1990s, as Best Actress in Thelma & Louise, Lorenzo's Oil, The Client winning in 1995 for Dead Man Walking. She was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award in 1994. Additionally, she has received eight Golden Globe nominations, including for White Palace, Igby Goes Down, Bernard and Doris, her other movies include Little Women, Anywhere but Here, Cradle Will Rock, The Banger Sisters, Shall We Dance, Romance & Cigarettes and Enchanted. Sarandon has appeared in two episodes of The Simpsons, once as herself and as a ballet teacher, "Homer vs. Patty and Selma", she appeared on Friends, Malcolm in the Middle, Mad TV, Saturday Night Live, Chappelle's Show, 30 Rock, Rescue Me, Mike & Molly. Sarandon has contributed the narration to two dozen documentary films, many of which dealt with social and political issues. In addition, she has served as the presenter on many installments of the PBS documentary series, Independent Lens. In 1999 and 2000, she hosted and presented Mythos, a series of lectures by the late American mythology professor Joseph Campbell.
Renée Kathleen Zellweger is an American actress and film producer. She has received critical acclaim and numerous accolades, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, three Golden Globe Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, she established herself as one of the highest-paid Hollywood actresses by 2007, was named Hasty Pudding's Woman of the Year in 2009. Zellweger had her first starring role in Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation, she subsequently earned early acclaim with a brief, but notable appearance in Empire Records, was introduced to mainstream audiences in Jerry Maguire. For Nurse Betty, she won her first Golden Globe Award, for her portrayals of Bridget Jones in the Bridget Jones film series, Roxie Hart in Chicago, she garnered two consecutive Academy Award nominations for Best Actress, won her second Golden Globe for the latter. Zellweger won the Academy Award, Golden Globe Award, BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role of a farmer in the American Civil War film Cold Mountain.
She played the wife of boxer James J. Braddock in Cinderella Man and author Beatrix Potter in Miss Potter. Roles in smaller scale films, such as Appaloosa, My One and Only and Case 39, were followed by a six-year hiatus from the screen, she is set to portray Judy Garland in Judy. Renée Kathleen Zellweger was born on April 1969, in Katy, Texas, her father, Emil Erich Zellweger, is from the Swiss town of Au, St. Gallen and descends from an Appenzell family, was a mechanical and electrical engineer who worked in the oil refining business, her mother, Kjellfrid Irene, is Norwegian. Kjellfrid grew up in Ekkerøy near Vadsø, as well as Kirkenes, was a nurse and midwife who moved to the United States to work as a governess for a Norwegian family in Texas. Zellweger has described herself as being raised in a family of "lazy Catholics and Episcopalians". Zellweger attended Katy High School, where she was a cheerleader, speech team member, drama club member, she participated in soccer, basketball and football.
In 1986, her academic paper, "The Karankawas and Their Roots", won third place in the first Houston Post High School Natural Science Essay Contest. After high school, she enrolled at the University of Texas at Austin, where she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English in 1991. While at the university, Zellweger took a drama course as an elective, which sparked her interest in acting. In Zellweger's junior year, her father lost his job and was unable to support her at college, so she took a job as a cocktail waitress in Austin, Texas. Zellweger said; as much as I did in my classes that that club paid for... I learned not to judge people, that things are not black and white." Zellweger began getting small parts acting, earned her Screen Actors Guild card for doing a Coors Light commercial. While in college, she did "a bit part... as a local hire" in the Austin-filmed horror-comedy film My Boyfriend's Back, playing "the girl in the beauty shop, maybe two lines. But the beauty shop got cut."
Her first job after graduation was working in a beef commercial, while auditioning for roles around Houston, Texas. While still in Texas, Zellweger appeared in several low-budget films. One was A Taste for Killing, followed by a role in the ABC miniseries Murder in the Heartland. In 1994, she appeared in Reality Bites, the directorial debut of Ben Stiller, in the biographical film 8 Seconds, directed by John G. Avildsen, her first main role in a movie came with the 1994 horror film Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Next Generation, alongside Matthew McConaughey, playing a teenager who leaves a prom early with three friends who get into a car accident, which leads to their meeting a murderous family, led by the iconic Leatherface. While the film went unnoticed, Joe Leydon for Variety magazine lauded Zellweger, calling her "the most formidable scream queen since Jamie Lee Curtis went legit."In her next film, the crime comedy Love and a.45, Zellweger played a woman who plans a robbery with her boyfriend.
Although the film received a limited release in theaters, Marc Savlov of Austin Chronicle applauded the main cast saying they were "all excellent in their roles" and noted that "Zellweger's character – all squeals and caged sexuality – seems a bit too close to Juliette Lewis' Mallory Knox to be as fresh as it should be". The part earned her an Independent Spirit Award for Best Debut Performance. Zellweger subsequently relocated to Los Angeles, a move she had postponed several times because she believed she lacked the talent and experience to be a competitive actor in that city, she would next appear in the coming-of-age drama Empire Records. Rotten Tomatoes' consensus was: "Despite a terrific soundtrack and a strong early performance from Renee Zellweger, Empire Records is a silly and predictable teen dramedy." Zellweger became known to audiences with Jerry Maguire, in which she played a single mother and the romantic interest of a glossy sports agent. The film grossed over US$273 million worldwide.
It was Cruise who chose her to play his love interest and credited her with "revealing the core humanity of the movie". Roger Ebert, showing approval of Zellweger and Cruise's chemistry in it, wrote: "The film is a delight when Cruise and Zellweger are together on the screen, he plays Maguire with the earnestness of a man who wants to find greatness and happiness in an occupation where only success counts. She plays a woman who believes in this guy she
Erin Brockovich (film)
Erin Brockovich is a 2000 American biographical film directed by Steven Soderbergh and written by Susannah Grant. The film is a dramatization of the true story of Erin Brockovich, portrayed by Julia Roberts, who fought against the energy corporation Pacific Gas and Electric Company; the film was a box office success, critical reaction was positive. Roberts won the Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe Award, Screen Actors Guild Award, various critics awards for Best Actress; the film itself was nominated for Best Picture and Best Director for Steven Soderbergh at the 73rd Academy Awards. He won that year, but for directing the film Traffic. Early in the film the real Erin Brockovich has a cameo appearance as a waitress named Julia. In 1993, Erin Brockovich is an unemployed single mother of three children, injured in a traffic accident with a doctor and is suing him, her lawyer, Ed Masry, expects to win, but Erin's confrontational courtroom behavior under cross-examination loses her the case, Ed will not return her phone calls afterwards.
One day, he arrives at work to find her in the office working. She says that he told her things would work out and they did not, that she needed a job, she asks Ed for a job. Erin is given files for a real estate case where the Pacific Gas and Electric Company is offering to purchase the home of Donna Jensen, a resident of Hinkley, California. Erin is surprised to see medical records in the file and visits Donna, who explains that she had kept all her PG&E correspondence together. Donna appreciates PG&E's help: she has had several tumors and her husband has Hodgkin's lymphoma, but PG&E has always supplied a doctor at their own expense. Erin asks why they would do that, Donna replies, "because of the chromium". Erin begins digging into the case and finds evidence that the groundwater in Hinkley is contaminated with carcinogenic hexavalent chromium, but PG&E has been telling Hinkley residents that they use a safer form of chromium. After several days away from the office investigating, she finds her possessions missing from her desk.
She is informed by Brenda, Mr. Masry's secretary, that she has been fired for missing a week of work. Ed visits Erin because he needs the documents she found while investigating, she takes the chance to request her job back in return. Rehired, she continues her research, over time, visits many Hinkley residents and wins their trust, she finds other medical problems in Hinkley. Everyone has been treated by PG&E's doctors and thinks the cluster of cases is just a coincidence, unrelated to the "safe" chromium; the Jensens' claim for compensation grows into a major class action lawsuit. All direct evidence is linked to PG&E Hinkley and not to PG&E corporate in San Francisco. Knowing that PG&E could slow any settlement for years through delays and appeals, Ed decides to arrange for disposition by binding arbitration, but a large majority of the plaintiffs must agree to this. Erin persuades all 634 plaintiffs to go along. While she is there, a man named Charles Embry approaches her to say that he and his cousin were PG&E employees, but his cousin died from the poison.
The man says he was tasked with destroying documents at PG&E, but, "as it turns out, wasn't a good employee". Embry gives Erin the documents, which include a 1966 memo proving corporate headquarters knew the water was contaminated with hexavalent chromium, did nothing about it, advised the Hinkley operation to keep this secret; the judge orders PG&E to pay a settlement amount of $333 million to be distributed among the plaintiffs, five million of which goes to the Jensens. In the aftermath, Ed hands Erin her bonus payment for the case but warns her he has changed the amount, she states that she deserves more respect, but is astonished to find that he has increased it—to $2 million. The film was shot during eleven weeks with five weeks taking place in California. Erin Brockovich performed well with test audiences but executives at Universal Studios were worried that audiences would be turned off by the title character's use of profane language. Erin Brockovich was released on March 17, 2000, in 2,848 theaters and grossed $28.1 million on its opening weekend.
It went on to make $126.6 million in North America and $130.7 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $257.3 million. The majority of critics responded favorably towards the film, with Roberts's performance receiving positive reviews, it holds a certified "Fresh" rating of 84% on the film review website Rotten Tomatoes based on 145 reviews, with an average rating of 7.34/10. The consensus states, "Taking full advantage of Julia Roberts's considerable talent and appeal, Erin Brockovich overcomes a few character and plot issues to deliver a smart and funny legal drama." On Metacritic, the film holds a score of 73 out of 100 based on 36 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews."In his review for The New York Observer, Andrew Sarris wrote, "We get the best of independent cinema and the best of mainstream cinema all in one package. Erin Brockovich, like Wonder Boys right before it, makes the year 2000 seem promising for movies". Newsweek magazine's David Ansen began his review with, "Julia Roberts is flat-out terrific in Erin Brockovich."
Furthermore, he wrote, "Roberts has wasted her effervescence on many paltry projects, but she hits the jackpot this time. Erin, single mother of three, a former Miss Wichita who improbably rallies a community to take on a multi-billion-dollar corporation, is the richest role of her career showing off her comic and romantic chops". Rolling Stone magazine's Peter Travers wrot
Erin Brockovich is an American legal clerk and environmental activist, despite her lack of formal education in the law, was instrumental in building a case against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company of California in 1993. Her successful lawsuit was the subject of Erin Brockovich, which starred Julia Roberts. Since Brockovich has become a media personality as well, hosting the TV series Challenge America with Erin Brockovich on ABC and Final Justice on Zone Reality, she is the president of Brockovich Consulting. She works as a consultant for Girardi & Keese, the New York law firm of Weitz & Luxenberg, which has a focus on personal injury claims for asbestos exposure, Shine Lawyers in Australia. Brockovich was born Erin Pattee in Lawrence, the daughter of Betty Jo, a journalist, Frank Pattee, an industrial engineer and football player, she has two brothers, Frank Jr. and Thomas, a sister, Jodie. She graduated from Lawrence High School attended Kansas State University, in Manhattan and graduated with an Associate in Applied Arts Degree from Wade College in Dallas, Texas.
She worked as a management trainee for Kmart in 1981 but quit after a few months and entered a beauty pageant. She left the beauty pageant after the win, she has lived in California since 1982. The case alleged contamination of drinking water with hexavalent chromium in the southern California town of Hinkley. At the center of the case was a facility, the Hinkley compressor station, built in 1952 as a part of a natural-gas pipeline connecting to the San Francisco Bay Area. Between 1952 and 1966, PG&E used hexavalent chromium in a cooling tower system to fight corrosion; the waste water was discharged to unlined ponds at the site, some percolated into the groundwater, affecting an area near the plant 2 by 1 mile. The Regional Water Quality Control Board put the PG&E site under its regulations in 1968; the case was settled in 1996 for US$333 million, the largest settlement paid in a direct-action lawsuit in U. S. history. Masry & Vititoe, the law firm for which Brockovich was a legal clerk, received $133.6 million of that settlement, Brockovich herself was given a bonus of $2.5 million.
A study released in 2010 by the California Cancer Registry showed that cancer rates in Hinkley "remained unremarkable from 1988 to 2008". An epidemiologist involved in the study said that the 196 cases of cancer reported during the most recent survey of 1996 through 2008 were fewer than what he would expect based on demographics and the regional rate of cancer. However, a June 2013 Mother Jones magazine article featured an extensive critique from the Center for Public Integrity of the author's work on the epidemiological studies; as of 2016, average Cr-6 levels in Hinkley were recorded as 1.19 ppb with a peak of 3.09 ppb. For comparison, the PG&E Topock Compressor Station on the California-Arizona border averaged 7.8 ppb with peaks of 31.8 ppb based on a PG&E Background Study. Working with Edward L. Masry, a lawyer based in Thousand Oaks, Brockovich went on to participate in other anti-pollution lawsuits. One suit accused the Whitman Corporation of chromium contamination in California. Another, which listed 1,200 plaintiffs, alleged contamination near PG&E's Kettleman Hills compressor station in Kings County, along the same pipeline as the Hinkley site.
The Kettleman suit was settled for $335 million in 2006. In 2003, Brockovich received settlements of $430,000 from two parties and an undisclosed amount from a third party to settle her lawsuit alleging toxic mold in her Agoura Hills, home. After experiencing problems with mold contamination in her own home in the Conejo Valley, Brockovich became a prominent activist and educator in this area as well. Brockovich and Masry filed suit against the Beverly Hills Unified School District in 2003, in which the district was accused of harming the health and safety of its students by allowing a contractor to operate a cluster of oil wells on campus. Brockovich and Masry alleged. Subsequent testing and epidemiological investigation failed to corroborate a substantial link, Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge Wendell Mortimer granted summary judgment against the plaintiffs. In May 2007, the School District announced that it was to be paid $450,000 as reimbursement for legal expenses. Brockovich assisted in the filing of a lawsuit against Prime Tanning Corp. of St. Joseph, Missouri, in April 2009.
The lawsuit claims that waste sludge from the production of leather, containing high levels of hexavalent chromium, was distributed to farmers in northwest Missouri to use as fertilizer on their fields. It is believed to be a potential cause of an abnormally high number of brain tumors around the town of Cameron, being investigated by the EPA. In June 2009, Brockovich began investigating a case of contaminated water in Texas. "Significant amounts" of hexavalent chromium were found in the water of more than 40 homes in the area, some of which have now been fitted with state-monitored filters on their water supply. Brockovich said "The only difference between here and Hinkley is that I saw higher levels here than I saw in Hinkley."In 2012, Brockovich got involved in the mysterious case of 14 students from LeRoy, New York, who began reporting perplexing medical symptoms including tics and speech difficulty. Brockovich believed environmental pollution from the 1970 Lehigh Valley Railroad derailment was the cause and conducted testing in the area.
Brockovich was su
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri is a 2017 dark comedy crime-drama film written and produced by Martin McDonagh and starring Frances McDormand as a woman who rents three billboards to call attention to her daughter's unsolved rape and murder. Woody Harrelson, Sam Rockwell, Abbie Cornish, John Hawkes, Peter Dinklage appear in supporting roles, it was released in the United States in November 2017 and in the United Kingdom in January 2018 by Fox Searchlight Pictures and grossed $159 million worldwide. At the 90th Academy Awards, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri was nominated for seven awards and won Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor. At the 75th Golden Globe Awards, it won Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Actress – Drama, Best Supporting Actor, Best Screenplay, it won three SAG Awards, including Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, five BAFTA Film Awards, including Best Film and Outstanding British Film. In the town of Ebbing, Mildred Hayes is grieving the rape and murder of her teenage daughter, seven months earlier.
Angry over the lack of progress in the investigation, Mildred rents three abandoned billboards near her home and posts on them: "Raped While Dying", "Still No Arrests?", "How Come, Chief Willoughby?" The billboards upset the townspeople, including Chief Bill Willoughby and the racist, alcoholic Officer Jason Dixon. The open secret that Willoughby suffers from terminal pancreatic cancer adds to everyone's disapproval. Despite harassment and her son’s disapproval, Mildred remains determined to keep up her billboards. While Willoughby is sympathetic to Mildred's frustration, he finds the billboards an unfair attack on his character. Angered by Mildred's lack of respect for his authority, Dixon threatens businessman Red Welby, who rented Mildred the billboards, he arrests her friend and coworker, Denise, on trivial marijuana possession charges. Mildred is visited by her abusive ex-husband Charlie, who blames her for their daughter's death. Willoughby brings Mildred in for questioning after she drills a hole in her dentist's thumb when he threatens her.
During the interview, Willoughby coughs up blood. He leaves the hospital against medical advice and spends an idyllic day with his wife Anne and their two daughters commits suicide to spare his family the pain of watching him die of cancer, he leaves suicide notes for several people, including Mildred, in which he explains that she was not a factor in his suicide and that he secretly paid to keep the billboards up for another month, amused at the trouble this will bring her and hoping that they will keep attention on the murder. Dixon reacts to the news of Willoughby's death by throwing him out of a window; this is witnessed by Willoughby's replacement, who fires Dixon. Meanwhile, Mildred is threatened by a crop-haired stranger in her store; the billboards are destroyed by arson. Mildred retaliates by tossing Molotov cocktails at the police station, which she believes is unoccupied for the night. However, Dixon is there to read Willoughby's letter to him, which advises him to let go of hate and learn to love, as the only way to realize his wish to become a detective.
Dixon suffers severe burns. Mildred's extinguishes Dixon's burning clothes, he provides Mildred with an alibi, claiming they were on a date at the time of the incident. Dixon is treated for his burns, he is temporarily confined in the same hospital room as Welby, to whom he apologizes. Jerome, employed by the advertising company to put Mildred's messages up on the billboards, gives her the spares that were made in case of mistakes, she uses them to restore the billboard messages. Discharged from the hospital, Dixon overhears the man who threatened Mildred bragging in a bar of having raped and killed a girl in the same manner as Mildred's daughter, he notes the Idaho license plate number of the man's vehicle provokes a fight by scratching the man's face. He removes a sample of the man's DNA from under his fingernails. Meanwhile, Mildred goes on a date with James to thank him for the alibi. Charlie enters with his 19-year-old girlfriend Penelope, mocks James, admits to burning the billboards while intoxicated.
James senses that Mildred went out with him out of pity, leaves angrily. Mildred leaves. Though commending him, Abercrombie informs Dixon that the DNA sample does not match DNA found on Angela's body, that the man was overseas on military duty nine months before. Dixon concludes that the man must be guilty of some other rape and murder, joins Mildred on a trip to Idaho in order to kill him. On the way, Mildred confesses to Dixon, they agree to decide what to do along the way. While traveling through the Southern United States in around 1998, Martin McDonagh came across a couple of accusatory billboards about an unsolved crime, which he described as "raging and painful and tragic" alleging the murder of a woman in Vidor, Texas; the billboards highlighted the incompetence of police work and affected McDonagh. This incident, combined with his desire to create strong female characters, inspired him to write the story for Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri. McDonagh discussed the creative process, saying that it took him about ten years to " that it was a mother who had taken these things out.
It all became fiction based on a couple of a