United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Kent County, Texas
Kent County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 808, its county seat is Jayton. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1892, it is named for Andrew Kent. Kent County is one of six prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Kent County in the Texas House of Representatives. 8000 BC Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants. Native American inhabitants included the Wanderers band of Comanche. 1872 Ranald S. Mackenzie and his soldiers trounced the Comanches at Treasure Butte, southeast of Clairemont. 1876 The Texas legislature formed Kent County from Bexar districts. The new county is named after Alamo defender Andrew Kent. 1888 Cattleman R. L. Rhomberg settled in the new county and named a settlement Clairemont for his daughter, Claire. 1890 The county census recorded 324 residents. 1891 A conflict arose between cattle ranchers and farmers who tried to fence their farms against cattle.
1892 Kent County was organized, with Clairemont as the county seat. 1900 The county population was 899. 1909 The Stamford and Northeastern Railway built a line across the county's northeast corner. The railroad, which connected Stamford and Spur became part of the Wichita Valley Railroad; the Jayton community was founded. 1930 The county's population peaked at 3,851. 1946-1991 Oil was discovered in Kent County in 1946. By 1991, more than 448,448,000 barrels of oil have been produced in the county since 1946. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 903 square miles, of which 903 square miles are land and 0.4 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 70 State Highway 208 Dickens County Stonewall County Fisher County Scurry County Garza County King County Crosby County As of the census of 2000, 859 people, 353 households, 247 families resided in the county; the population density was less than 1/km². The 551 housing units averaged about 0.6 1 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 95.46% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 3.73% from other races, 0.23% from two or more races. About 9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 353 households, 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.20% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.00% were not families. About 28% of all households were made up of individuals, 14.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.83. In the county, the population was distributed as 20.60% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 21.80% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, 25.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,433, for a family was $35,568.
Males had a median income of $23,875 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,626. About 9.20% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.10% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over. Jayton Girard Clairemont Dry counties Double Mountain Fork Brazos River National Register of Historic Places listings in Kent County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Kent County Kent County government’s website Kent County from the Handbook of Texas Online Kent County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Texas's 19th congressional district
Texas' Nineteenth Congressional District of the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that serves the upper midwestern portion of the state of Texas The district includes portions of the State from Lubbock to Abilene. The current Representative from the 19th District is Republican Jodey Arrington. District 19's current boundaries were drawn up during the controversial 2003 Texas State Legislature Redistricting made famous by the Texas Eleven; the district was redrawn in such a way that two Congressional incumbents and Democrat Charlie Stenholm, were pitted against one another in the 2004 Congressional elections. Neugebauer won with over 58% of the vote; the border runs along the western boundary with New Mexico, runs along county borders to include far reaching cities. The area is predominantly rural, with the exceptions of Abilene and Lubbock, includes many state parks and farms; this is one of the most conservative districts in the nation. It has not supported a Democratic presidential candidate since 1964.
Republicans have held the seat since 1985. In the last three decades, a Democrat has only won 40 percent of the vote in this district twice, in 1984 and 2004. Much of this region continued to elect conservative Democrats to local offices and the Texas Legislature until 1994. Since the mid-1990s, Republicans have dominated every level of government. There are no elected Democrats left above the county level, Republicans win most races by 70 percent or more of the vote; the district voted 77% for George W. Bush in 2004 and 71% for John McCain in 2008. List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present "Current Election History". Office of the Secretary of State of Texas. Archived from the original on November 8, 2006.
Retrieved November 20, 2012
Hermleigh is a census-designated place in Scurry County, United States. Hermleigh lies on U. S. Route 84, ninety-six miles southeast of Lubbock, has population of 345 people at the 2010 census. Hermleigh is located at 32°38′5″N 100°45′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 9.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 393 people, 151 households, 104 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 43.4 people per square mile. There were 183 housing units at an average density of 20.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 90.08% White, 2.29% African American, 0.25% Asian, 5.34% from other races, 2.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.66% of the population. There were 151 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.1% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.24. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,111, the median income for a family was $30,417. Males had a median income of $27,222 versus $21,000 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $11,843. About 13.1% of families and 23.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 25.3% of those age 65 or over. Hermleigh's history begins in 1907 when a townsite was surveyed on land donated by two men named R. C. Herm and Harry W. Harlin near the small community of Wheat. Citizens chose to name their new community "Hermlin" but this name was rejected by postal officials as being too close to the nearby town of Hamlin causing confusion between the two communities.
The compromise of "Hermleigh" was settled upon, the post office opened shortly thereafter. The Roscoe and Pacific Railway built through the new community, residents of Wheat began to relocate to Hermleigh. In 1911 the Santa Fe Railroad reached the community, Hermleigh developed into a shipping point and trading center for local ranchers and cotton farmers. A school opened to serve area students in 1913, by the late 1910s the community had its own newspaper. Hermleigh changed its name in the late 1910s to Foch to honor the French field marshal and World War I hero Ferdinand Foch, but reverted to the original name shortly thereafter and continued to flourish until the early 1930s, when the effects of the Great Depression brought an end to Hermleigh's growth. Though adversely effected by the Depression, Hermleigh remained stable throughout most of the twentieth century and by 1980 was home to over 700 residents. By 1990, the population had fallen to 200 and some of the remaining businesses closed down.
The community inexplicably rebounded during the 1990s, with the population reaching 393 by the 2000 Census. Hermleigh is the hometown of former head coach of Grant Teaff; the most expensive pig sold was owned by a Hermleigh resident. Jefferey Roemisch of Hermleigh sold his cross-breed barrow named "Bud" for a record breaking $56,000 in 1983 to a man named Bud Olson and his partner, Phil Bonzio; the community of Hermleigh is served by the Hermleigh Independent School District. Handbook of Texas Online entry for Hermleigh
Western Texas College
Western Texas College is a community college founded in 1971 and located in Snyder in Scurry County, Texas. In addition to the main campus, the college has two downtown Snyder locations. College on the Square focuses on adult and continuing education; the Opportunity Center focuses on workforce job skills improvement. With an enrollment around 2,300, Western Texas College has an extensive distance learning department, provides dual-credit courses to 43 area high schools, provides college-level coursework to inmates in three prisons in the West Texas area; as defined by the Texas Legislature, the official Western Texas College service area encompasses Borden, Fisher, Kent, Nolan, Runnels and Stonewall Counties. Western Texas College offers four two-year college degrees—the Associate of Arts degree, the Associate of Science degree, the Associate of Applied Science degree, the Associate of Arts in Teaching degree to students who complete graduation requirements. Hour requirements for Associate of Applied Science degree will vary with program.
Students may earn certificates of completion in less than two years for several career and technical programs. Career and technical degree and certificate programs include: Criminal Justice Early Childhood Education Electrical Lineman Technology Information Technology Business Management Petroleum Technology Turfgrass and Landscape Management Welding Western Texas College is part of the Western Junior College Athletic Conference and the National Junior College Athletic Association Region 5. Competing athletic teams include: Baseball Men’s and women’s basketball Cross country Men’s and women’s golf Rodeo Men’s and women’s soccer Softball Track and field Volleyball Western Texas College assumed ownership and operations of the Scurry County Coliseum in 2008. Renamed "The Coliseum," the 3,400-seat arena received a facelift thanks to a $500,000 donation from wind energy company, Invenergy. In addition to all college basketball home games played on Invenergy Court, The Coliseum is host to many annual events, including the Western Swing Festival.
Home of the Lady Westerners softball team, United Field is host to tournaments for high schools and colleges. Westerner Field is home to the Westerner baseball squad and local and regional baseball tournaments, including the annual Snyder High School tournament; the Westerners had their first winning season in the' 10 -'11 year. The WTC Soccer Complex includes three practice fields. Plans include adding a 400-meter track to the complex. In addition to home games for the WTC men's and women's soccer teams, the field hosts many local soccer events for Snyder schools; the WTC campus expanded by nearly 100 acres after Texas clothing and boot magnate James Cavender donated property adjacent to the campus. This property houses the WTC Soccer Complex, Cavender Energy field lab, a rugged outdoor cross country track used for local and regional cross country track events. J. D. Sheffield and medical director in Gatesville and a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from Coryell County, began his higher education at WTC.
Borden County, Texas
Borden County is a rural county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 641, its county seat is Gail. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1891. Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden, Jr. businessman, publisher and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of six prohibition or dry counties in the state of Texas. Shoshone and the Penateka band of Comanches were early tribes in the area. Borden County was created in 1876 from Bosque County and named for Gail Borden, Jr. the inventor of condensed milk. Borden was publisher and editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, as well as a political leader in the Republic of Texas; the county was organized in 1891, Gail was made the county seat. Farmers and ranchers settled the county, but the population remained small. In 1902, Texas spurred a land rush in Borden County. Many of the newcomers grew cotton. Borden County has had two courthouses, one built in 1890; the current courthouse is of brick and cement construction and was erected in 1939.
The architect was David S. Castle Co. Oil was discovered in the county in 1949. By 1991, more than 340,000,000 barrels of petroleum had been taken out of Borden County since discovery in 1949. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles, of which 897 square miles is land and 8.6 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 180 Farm to Market Road 669 Garza County Scurry County Mitchell County Howard County Dawson County Lynn County As of the census of 2000, there were 729 people, 292 households, 216 families residing in the county; the population density was 0.80 people per square mile. There were 435 housing units at an average density of 0.48 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.53% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 6.31% from other races, 2.74% from two or more races. 11.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 292 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.70% were non-families.
22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,205, the median income for a family was $36,458. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $21,607 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,364. 14.00% of the population and 11.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.30% are under the age of 18 and 11.60% are 65 or older. The county is served by nearby radio stations KBXJ and KPET, the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations.
The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Borden County are: · English - 17% · Irish - 15% · German - 12% · Mexican - 9% · French - 3% · Scotch-Irish - 3% · Other Hispanic or Latino - 3% · Scottish - 2% · Spanish - 1% · American Indian tribes, specified - 1% The county is served by Borden County Independent School District. The district offers kindergarten through twelfth grade. Borden County School is among the few public schools in Texas to receive a distinguished GreatSchools Rating of 9 out of 10. Many of the teachers reside in board-owned housing in Gail; the school offers six-man football, baseball, softball, UIL, FFA and track. The weekly newspaper, the Borden Star, covers events for the county. There are no incorporated towns in Texas. Unincorporated towns: Gail Mesquite Plains Gail CDP Dry counties Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Borden County Borden County government Borden County from the Handbook of Texas Online Borden County from the Texas Almanac Borden County from the TXGenWeb Project Borden County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Photos of West Texas and Llano Estacado