Geoje is a city located in South Gyeongsang province, just off the coast of the port city of Busan, South Korea. Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in Okpo and Samsung Heavy Industries in Gohyeon are both located on Geoje Island; the city offers a wide range of tourist sights. The city is made up of a number of islands. There are multiple dong in the city: Okpo-dong and Gohyeon. Geoje is Korean for "great rescue", from the syllables "geo" meaning great, "je" meaning rescue. Geoje has a history stretching back thousands of years. Various artifacts dating back to the Neolithic era have been found at archaeological digs on Naedo and Isudo. While no written history can be found from this era, the digs show evidence of numerous small establishments along the coasts; the first written mention of Geoje appears as, Geoje being one of two main divisions of the Dokro kingdom, a member of the Byeonhan confederacy. The Byeonhan confederacy gave way to the Gaya confederacy; the Gaya submitted to the Kingdom of Silla.
In 757, Gyeongdeok of Silla classified the island as "Geoje-gun" "거제군". Modern Geoje is classified as a "si". In 1170, Uijong of Goryeo secretly escaped to Geoje when Jeong Jung-bu raised a rebellion against him, instating his brother, Myeongjong as king. Geoje served as a strategic location in preparation of the naval forces for the Gihae Eastern Expedition of Tsushima Island in 1419 by the Korean general Yi Jong Mu. At the time of the Seven-Year War in 1592, admiral Yi Sun-sin gained a great naval victory against Japanese invaders near the town of Okpo in Geoje. Since then. Yi was referred to by his noble title, "Chung Mu Gong," which translates into English as "Earner of Great National Respect." In the Korean War, the military government of General Douglas MacArthur used the island as a place for the settlement for 170,000 POWs, a prison war camp measuring at 11.8 square kilometres was established during these years. After the war, a portion was converted into a tourist attraction; the Geneva Convention of 1949 failed to foresee to the development of hardcore, organized prisoner groups on Geoje-do in 1951-52 or to provide protection for the captor nation in dealing with stubborn resistance as a result of the harsh treatment that the prisoners received from the military government.
During the last few decades Geoje has emerged as leader in the shipbuilding industries. Due to the continued industry, Geoje escaped the negative impacts of the Asian market crash of 1997; some notable people from Geoje include: Former President Kim Young-sam Poet Yu Chi-hwan, better known by his pen-name Cheongma. President Moon Jae-in According to the whitebook published by Geoje City in May 2014, Geoje had a population of 243,736, 12,240 of which are foreigners. A significant portion of the population depends on shipbuilding to support their livelihood, this can be evidenced by the fact that nearly 33% of workers are employed in the shipbuilding industry. Geoje offers a variety of attractions, including Haegeumgang island, Oedo, a marine western-style botanical garden in Hallyeo-Haesang National Park, built by Lee Chang-ho and his wife when they settled on the island in 1969. Visitors visit by ferry boat from the harbor neighboring the islands. Tourists visit Jisim-do for trekking. Jisim is known for its Camellia vegetation.
However, the Maemi typhoon in 2003 affected the island's plant life. Another popular tourist attraction at Haegeumgang-do is the Sipja Donggul Cave. Buddhist and Shamanist sculptures can be found in the cave. Geoje is the second largest island in Korea, so discovering these locations is most done using a tourist map. Geoje POW Camp was a prisoner of war detention camp for captured North Koreans established during the Korean war from, it was the site of a prison riot on May 8, 1952, the topic of Chinese-American writer Ha Jin's fictional War Trash. Gohyeon Castle is named the 46th national treasure of South Gyeongsang Province. Gohyeon is located in Gohyeondong, Geoje city, it was established during the Joseon dynasty in 1451. In the famous Joseon era geography book, Donggukyeojiseungram, it was recorded that the Gohyeon castle had a circumference of 3,038 Cheok, had a height of 13 Cheok, it was considered the largest castle in the South Sea. The Geoje Township Government Office is regarded as Korea's 84th cultural treasure.
During the time of the Japanese invasions, the office was established in 1470 to administer all military and shipbuilding plans. The Oksangeum Fortress Area was an unsanctioned fortress built on the Sujeong peak to defend against Japanese invasion. Due to the strain it placed on the people during the building, the magistrate responsible was dismissed. Oksangeum Fortress is regarded as the South Gyeongsang Province's 10th cultural treasure. Pyewang Fortress is the oldest surviving fortress in Geoje. First built during the Silla Dynasty, Pyewang fortress served the fortress refuge for the King Uijong the 18th king of the Goryeo dynasty, while escaping from a military coup. Pyewang fortress is located in Dundeok-myeon. Pyewang fortress is regarded as the South Gyeongsang Province's 11th cultural treasure, National Historical Site no. 509. Okpo Great Victory Park is located in Okpo2Dong within Geoje city, it commemorates the great victory over the invading Japanese navy by the honored general Lee Sunshin on May 7, 1592.
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity; the use of call signs as unique identifiers dates to the landline railroad telegraph system. Because there was only one telegraph line linking all railroad stations, there needed to be a way to address each one when sending a telegram. In order to save time, two-letter identifiers were adopted for this purpose; this pattern continued in radiotelegraph operation. These were not globally unique, so a one-letter company identifier was added. By 1912, the need to identify stations operated by multiple companies in multiple nations required an international standard. Merchant and naval vessels are assigned call signs by their national licensing authorities.
In the case of states such as Liberia or Panama, which are flags of convenience for ship registration, call signs for larger vessels consist of the national prefix plus three letters. United States merchant vessels are given call signs beginning with the letters "W" or "K" while US naval ships are assigned call signs beginning with "N". Both ships and broadcast stations were assigned call signs in this series consisting of three or four letters. Ships equipped with Morse code radiotelegraphy, or life boat radio sets, Aviation ground stations, broadcast stations were given four letter call signs. Maritime coast stations on high frequency were assigned three letter call signs; as demand for both marine radio and broadcast call signs grew American-flagged vessels with radiotelephony only were given longer call signs with mixed letters and numbers. Leisure craft with VHF radios may not be assigned call signs, in which case the name of the vessel is used instead. Ships in the US still wishing to have a radio license are under FCC class SA: "Ship recreational or voluntarily equipped."
Those calls follow the land mobile format of the initial letter K or W followed by 1 or 2 letters followed by 3 or 4 numbers. U. S. Coast Guard small boats have a number, shown on both bows in which the first two digits indicate the nominal length of the boat in feet. For example, Coast Guard 47021 refers to the 21st in the series of 47-foot motor lifeboats; the call sign might be abbreviated to the final two or three numbers during operations, for example: Coast Guard zero two one. Aviation mobile stations equipped with radiotelegraphy were assigned five letter call signs.. Land Stations in Aviation were assigned four letter call signs; these call signs were phased out in the 1960s when flight radio officers were no longer required on international flights. USSR kept FRO's for the Moscow-Havana run until around 2000. All signs in aviation are derived from several different policies, depending upon the type of flight operation and whether or not the caller is in an aircraft or at a ground facility.
In most countries, unscheduled general aviation flights identify themselves using the call sign corresponding to the aircraft's registration number. In this case, the call sign is spoken using the International Civil Aviation Organization phonetic alphabet. Aircraft registration numbers internationally follow the pattern of a country prefix, followed by a unique identifier made up of letters and numbers. For example, an aircraft registered as N978CP conducting a general aviation flight would use the call sign November-niner-seven-eight-Charlie-Papa. However, in the United States a pilot of an aircraft would omit saying November, instead use the name of the aircraft manufacturer or the specific model. At times, general aviation pilots might omit additional preceding numbers and use only the last three numbers and letters; this is true at uncontrolled fields when reporting traffic pattern positions or at towered airports after establishing two-way communication with the tower controller. For example, Skyhawk eight-Charlie-Papa, left base.
In most countries, the aircraft call sign or "tail number"/"tail letters" are linked to the international radio call sign allocation table and follow a convention that aircraft radio stations receive call signs consisting of five letters. For example, all British civil aircraft have a five-letter call sign beginning with the letter G. Canadian aircraft have a call sign beginning with C–F or C–G, such as C–FABC. Wing In Ground-effect vehicles in Canada are eligible to receive C–Hxxx call signs, ultralight aircraft receive C-Ixxx call signs. In days gone by American aircraft used five letter call signs, such as KH–ABC, but they were replaced prior to World War II by the current American system of civilian aircraft call signs. Radio call signs used for communication in manned spaceflight is not formalized or regulated to the same degree as for aircraft; the three nations curren
A shipyard is a place where ships are built and repaired. These can be military vessels, cruise liners or other cargo or passenger ships. Dockyards are sometimes more associated with maintenance and basing activities than shipyards, which are sometimes associated more with initial construction; the terms are used interchangeably, in part because the evolution of dockyards and shipyards has caused them to change or merge roles. Countries with large shipbuilding industries include Australia, China, Denmark, France, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Romania, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam; the shipbuilding industry is more fragmented in Europe than in Asia where countries tend to have fewer, larger companies. Many naval vessels are built or maintained in shipyards owned or operated by the national government or navy. Shipyards are constructed near tidal rivers to allow easy access for their ships; the United Kingdom, for example, has shipyards on many of its rivers.
The site of a large shipyard will contain many specialised cranes, dry docks, dust-free warehouses, painting facilities and large areas for fabrication of the ships. After a ship's useful life is over, it makes its final voyage to a shipbreaking yard on a beach in South Asia. Shipbreaking was carried on in drydock in developed countries, but high wages and environmental regulations have resulted in movement of the industry to developing regions. Welding, sandblasting and other maintenance work contribute pollution. Ship hulls have many layers of anti-fouling and anti-corrosion paint. Shipyards around the world paint ships by airtight spraying or by thermal spraying. Studies have shown that painting generates half of the dangerous waste at a shipyard due to using high-pressure equipment to wash or remove any unwanted material, on it like rust; this material will make its way to the water as water pollution. In a study in 2011 samples of sediments were collected from two sites in coastal marine area of Yongho Bay, one from the shipyard and the other 500m away.
Both samples contained metals that included Al, Fe, Li, V, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Sn, Pb. In addition, it had been confirmed that the concentration was higher in the first sample, by the shipyard the sample taking 500m away and was due to paint fragments applied to the steel ship hulls. After a ship has been used it is scrapped at a shipyard, but the process can release excessive amounts of pollution. Paints used for hulls are anti-fouling paints. Over time weathering from ships will sink to the bottom of the seabed and the most common component, toxic in paint used in shipyards is triphenyl tetrazolium and can be treated by using dolomitic sorbents. In 2005, a study showed the high level of toxicity of TBT compounds to organisms in the ocean and what can be done to reduce the pollution by using dolomitic sorbents. In the study, a sample of shipyard water was used in the experiment in a period over 14 days. At the end the experiment it was concluded that dolomitic and dolomite were successful in reducing the contaminants from the shipyard wastewater.
Welding is the most important factor in ship building and should be performed by qualified welders in order to protect the ship structure. It is achieved by heating the surfaces to the point of melting using oxy-acetylene, electric arc, or other means, uniting them by pressing, etc, but in shipyards, there are times when the welder weld. Welding can produce toxic fumes such as Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, Hydrogen Fluoride, Carbon Dioxide can result in serious damage to human health or death if ventilation is not present. A case study was performed to see where would be most effective place to exhaust the hull cells on the bulkhead in between two spaces using an air horn versus air with an electric blower, they asked them to weld in a specific space. One that had shipyard dilution ventilation and the other had local exhaust ventilation recorded to see which typed of ventilation worked the best. In the results, they found that local exhaust ventilation reduced particulate concentrations but the efficiency of either method depended on equipment maintenance and their own work practices because everyone has a different way of getting things done.
The world's earliest known dockyards were built in the Harappan port city of Lothal circa 2600 BC in Gujarat, India. Lothal's dockyards connected to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert was a part of the Arabian Sea. Lothal engineers accorded high priority to the creation of a dockyard and a warehouse to serve the purposes of naval trade; the dock was built on the eastern flank of the town, is regarded by archaeologists as an engineering feat of the highest order. It was located away from the main current of the river to avoid silting, but provided access to ships in high tide as well; the name of the ancient Greek city of Naupactus means "shipyard". Naupactus' reputation in this field extends to the time of legend, where it is depicted as the place where the Heraclidae built a fleet to invade the Peloponnesus. In the Spanish city of Barcelona, the Drassanes shipyards were active from at least the mid-13th century until the 18th century, although i
South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
Deadweight tonnage or tons deadweight is a measure of how much weight a ship can carry, not its weight, empty or in any degree of load. DWT is the sum of the weights of cargo, fresh water, ballast water, provisions and crew. DWT is used to specify a ship's maximum permissible deadweight, although it may denote the actual DWT of a ship not loaded to capacity. Deadweight tonnage is a measure of a vessel's weight carrying capacity, does not include the weight of the ship itself, it should not be confused with displacement, which includes the ship's own weight, nor other volume or capacity measures such as gross tonnage or net tonnage. Deadweight tonnage was expressed in long tons but is now given internationally in tonnes. In modern international shipping conventions such as the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, deadweight is explicitly defined as the difference in tonnes between the displacement of a ship in water of a specific gravity of 1.025 at the draft corresponding to the assigned summer freeboard and the light displacement of the ship.
Petro-Canada is a retail and wholesale marketing brand of Suncor Energy. Until 1990, it was a crown corporation of Canada, headquartered at the Petro-Canada Centre in Calgary, Alberta. In August 2009, Petro-Canada merged with Suncor Energy, with Suncor shareholders receiving 60 percent ownership of the combined company and Petro-Canada shareholders receiving 40 percent; the company retained the Suncor Energy name for its upstream operations. It continues to use the Petro-Canada brand nationwide, except in Newfoundland and Labrador, for downstream retail operations. In 1973, world oil prices quadrupled due to the Arab oil embargo following the Yom Kippur War; the province of Alberta had substantial oil reserves, whose extraction had long been controlled by American corporations. The government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the opposition New Democratic Party felt that these corporations geared most of their production to the American market, as a result little of the benefit of rising oil prices went to Canadians.
Trudeau's Liberals were in a minority government and dependent upon the support of the NDP to stay in power. The idea fit with the growing movement toward economic nationalism within the Liberals; the Liberals and NDP passed the bill over the opposition of the Progressive Conservative Party led by Robert Stanfield. Petro-Canada was founded as a Crown Corporation in 1975 by an act of Parliament, it started its operations on 1 January 1976. The company was given C$1.5 billion in easy access to new sources of capital. It was set up despite the hostility of existing oil firms, its first president was Maurice Strong. The Progressive Conservatives led by Albertan Joe Clark, were opponents of the company, advocated breaking it up and selling it. However, they were unable to proceed with these plans during their brief time in power. With the establishment of Petro-Canada, the federal government transferred its 45% stake in Panarctic Oils Ltd. and its 12% stake in Syncrude to the newly established company.
In 1976, Petro-Canada purchased Atlantic Richfield Canada, in 1978 Pacific Petroleums, in 1981 the Canadian operations of Petrofina. Most of the original Petro-Canada refineries and service stations were acquired from BP Canada in 1983; the company became popular outside of Alberta as a symbol of Canadian nationalism. It grew to become one of the largest players in the traditional oil fields of the west as well as in the oil sands and the East coast offshore oil fields; when the Liberals returned to power in 1980, energy policy was an important focus, the sweeping National Energy Program was created. This was seen as detrimental to Alberta's economy; the PC government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney stopped using Petro-Canada as a policy tool, it began to compete and with the private sector companies while abandoning its founding principles of economic nationalism. In 1990, the government announced its intention to privatize Petro-Canada, the first shares were sold on the open market in July 1991 at $13 each.
The government began to sell its majority control, but kept a 19% stake in the company. No other shareholder was allowed to own more than 10%, however. Foreigners cannot control more than 25% of the company. During the first year, the value of the shares dropped to $8 as Petro-Canada suffered a loss of $603 million because of the devaluation of some assets; the newly private company reduced the number of properties in which it had a direct interest. It reduced its annual operating costs by $300 million and it went from a staff of close to 11,000 to only about 5,000 employees. Many of these laid-off employees went on to work and start up other oil companies in Alberta, creating a new group of Canadian producers, but many did not work in other oil companies and some left Alberta to find work elsewhere. In his 2004 federal budget, Finance Minister Ralph Goodale pledged to sell the government's remaining stake in the company and by the end of the year it had sold its 19% stake, 49 million shares in all, for net proceeds of $3.2 billion.
As of June 2007, the company's largest shareholders were Capital Research and Management Company, with 7.3%, Barclays, with 4%. On March 23, 2009, Suncor Energy announced its intent to acquire Petro-Canada, which would form a company with a combined market capitalization of C$43.3 billion. Suncor planned to rebrand its existing Sunoco-branded retail operations in Ontario under the Petro-Canada name following the completion of the acquisition; the sale was approved by shareholders in June 2009, completed on August 1, 2009. As a condition of the purchase, Suncor was required to divest some of its retail outlets. In December 2009, 98 Suncor-owned gas stations in Ontario were sold to Husky Energy; as of 2008, Petro-Canada was Canada's 11th largest company and the second-largest downstream company, with important interests in such projects as Hibernia, Terra Nova, White Rose. It owned refineries in Edmonton and Montreal, accounting for 16% of the Canadian industry's total refining capacity, its lubricants plant in Mississauga, Ontario refined crude oil feedstock to produce lubricating oil-based stocks and other specialized products.
All these facilities are run by Suncor. At one time, the company had international operations in Algeria, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Italy, Liby
Not to be confused with "Marytown". Marystown is a town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, with a population of 5,506 as of 2011. Situated 306 km from the province's capital, St. John's; until the early 1990s, its economy was based on shipbuilding, it is due in part to this that the town experienced a population increase of 295% in just over a decade. The town was dependent on the fish plant for employment. Though the shipyard still holds a presence in the town, residents have had to look elsewhere for economic subsistence in the last decade or so; the closure of the fish plants in Newfoundland has had its hand in the decline in economic subsistence. Mortier Bay served a strategic role during the war, was the site selected to evacuate the Royal Family and regroup the British Navy in the event of German invasion of Britain. Marystown lies on hummocky pyroclastic volcanic rock of mixed composition; this rock is overlain by stony sandy loam glacial till which has a classic podzol soil profile in undisturbed areas.
The vegetation at the time of the soil survey was a barren dominated by sphagnum mosses, heath-type shrubs, mountain alder. Forest vegetation of coniferous trees, has developed in many areas around town as can be seen on Google Street View. Marystown and surrounding area is home to four public schools, Marystown Central High School, Sacred Heart Academy, Pearce Junior High, Donald C. Jamieson Academy. Post secondary institutions include two public trade-colleges, College of the North Atlantic, Keyin College. Marystown's public schools are serviced under the Eastern School District of Newfoundland and Labrador. Despite being in a province reporting one of the highest obesity rates in Canada, Marystown has sport enthusiasts in disciplines including softball, swimming and field and hockey can find endless outlets to express support or participation in these active groups and clubs. Marystown has many attractions for both residents and visitors: swimming pool Professional track and field complex Two softball diamonds: The Kinsmen Field and The Lions Field Soccer pitch Ice rink/live entertainment complex Several scenic walking trailsThe urban centre is surrounded by rolling hills and densely wooded areas, as a result Marystown is frequented by hunting, camping and ATV enthusiasts.
While the town contains a diverse mixture of churches of varying denominations, the town is entirely Christian. The information presented from a 2001 census from Statistics Canada indicates that 68% of the population is Roman Catholic. Established in 1910, the original edifice, constructed in the early 1900s had to be reconstructed in the late 1970s due to a fire. In more recent years, the church has received much attention from the news when a family of illegal immigrants from Israel resided there as a place of sanctuary. Alexi and Angela Portnoy and their five children stayed in the church's basement for a total of 962 days while seeking citizenship status; the family was deported to Israel, but their supporters vowed to try to help the family to return. Establishment of the church began in 1956, it was not until 1958 that the first Pentecost church in Marystown was completed. Since there have been three Pentecost churches erected in the Marystown area: the original edifice in 1958, the second in 1974, the current church, built in 1995.
It wasn't until the 1970s that the Seventh Day Adventists established a significant population in Marystown. The construction of the first church began in 1985 along with a Seventh-Day school. Though the construction was completed much earlier, 1987 denotes the official church opening; the shipyard consists of two independent facilities, namely the older Marystown portion and the newer Cow Head facility. First opening in 1967, Marystown's shipyard existed as the backbone of the economy until the early 1990s, when the yard was privatized by the provincial government. Today the shipyard is seeing renewed interest as the current owner, Peter Kiewit and Sons, strives to secure contracts for the facility. For many years the fish plant in Marystown created hundreds of jobs in the small town. Operated by Fishery Products International the plant was sold to Ocean Choice International in 2007. In 2011, the plant employed 240 people seasonally. In November 2011, provincial government-appointed auditors backed up claims by OCI that they were losing millions of dollars each year operating the fish plant.
On December 2, 2011, the company announced that they would permanently close their Marystown and Port Union fish plants and invest money into other plants in the province. Demolition of the plant began in 2015. Attractions to the town include: Marystown Heritage Museum Jerome Walsh's Seamens Museum The Shrine of Marymount Marystown Public Library Ville Marie Gardens The Shrine of Marymount, or The Marymount as it is locally referred to, is one of the largest Marian statues erected in Newfoundland, it stands at fifteen feet tall, overlooks the entirety of Marystown, sitting at one of the highest points in the area. Marystown receives numerous radio stations including: AM 740: CHCM, news/talk/classic hits FM 90.3: CBNM, CBC Radio One FM 91.7: CBN-FM-5, CBC Radio 2 FM 96.3: CHOZ, Top 40 Channel 5 - CBC Television Channel 11 - NTV Marystown is the home of The Southern Gazette, a newspaper that covers the entire Burin Peninsula. Kaetlyn Osm