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Seam bowling

Seam bowling is a bowling technique in cricket whereby the ball is deliberately bowled on to its seam, to cause a random deviation. Practitioners are known as seam seamers. Seam bowling is classed as a subtype of fast bowling, although the bowling speeds at which seam can be a factor include medium-pace bowling. Although there are specialist seamers that make deliberate use of off cutter and leg cutter at the expense of bowling slower than regular fast bowlers, most bowlers employ the seam to some effect and so the terms "seamer" and "fast bowler" are synonymous. A cricket ball is not a perfect sphere; the seam of the ball is the circular stitching. Hence, the seam joining the pieces of leather is circumferential and the stitching is noticeably raised. If the ball is bowled in such a way that the seam hits the pitch when it bounces, this irregularity can cause the ball to deviate sideways in its path, it may move in any direction, or just go straight. The batsman has to see. In order to achieve this effect, a seam bowler delivers the ball with the seam held upright, with rotation about a horizontal axis.

This keeps the seam aligned vertically as it travels towards the batsman, making it that the ball will bounce with the seam on the pitch. Hitting the seam is not as easy as it sounds; the seam has to be held upright between the index finger and the middle finger at the time of the delivery of the ball and, most the wrist has to be dead straight when the ball is delivered. The seam and wrist position of Australia's Glenn McGrath are arguably a perfect example; the direction and degree of deviation from a straight path are dependent on the small-scale alignment of the seam and any irregularities in the pitch surface. This means that deviation caused by seam is unpredictable. However, it is possible, by holding the seam at an angle and rolling the fingers over the surface of the ball, to produce a deliberate off cutter in which the ball veers away from the off side when it bounces on the pitch, or leg cutter in which it veers away from a right-handed batsman. Former Australian bowler Dennis Lillee employed a leg cutter of this sort to considerable effect.

Some bowlers deliberately use cutters more for their surprise slowness than the deviation off the pitch. The deviation caused by seam is not large enough to cause a batsman significant problems with playing the ball. However, the ball can deviate far enough to hit the edge of the cricket bat instead of the middle, producing a catch for nearby fielders. Swing bowling is harder to control. Australian fast-medium bowler Glenn McGrath has used his seaming ability to great effect in his career; the ball'seams' at its best at the start of a team's innings, when the ball is new. A pitch which has cracks in it may assist a seam bowler as well; the genuine'Yorker' may be used by seam bowlers, but bounces so close to the batsman's feet that it has no opportunity to deviate from its original line. Another good example of seam bowling technique are the fast bowlers Courtney Walsh and Curtly Ambrose. Close-up camera work of the following descriptions can be viewed for example at:. Both Walsh and Ambrose used a forward wrist flick that imparted back-spin to the ball as it left the hand.

However their choice of finger position causes the ball to exhibit precession, with the seam remaining broadly upright but oscillating between a 5 o'clock and 7 o'clock position. This destroys seam induced swing. Thus, the ball travels straight onto the pitch. However, when the seam of the ball contacts the pitch at the 5 o'clock position, the result is movement to the left, when the seam of the ball contacts the pitch at the 7 o'clock position, the result is movement to the right, it can be seen that only would the ball be at the purely 6 o'clock position to continue straight after pitching. This aligns with the unpredictable nature of seam bowling, but appears driven by the technique of the bowler, rather than irregularities in the pitch surface. Cricket terminology Swing bowling

London Voluntary Service Council

The London Voluntary Service Council is the collaborative leader of Greater London’s voluntary and community sector, supporting some 60,000 voluntary and social enterprise organisations. It is a registered charity number 276886. In 1907 the Council of Social Service was founded by social reformer Thomas Hancock Nunn. In 1910 the Social Welfare Association for London was inaugurated with support from the Lord Mayor of London Sir John Knill and the Chairman of the London County Council Sir Melvill Beachcroft, its aim was to "secure systematic co-operation between social and industrial undertakings throughout the metropolis, the establishment of councils of social welfare in every metropolitan borough to give effect to these objects". In 1919 the Association changed its name to the London Council of Social Service; this was an advice organisation that provided advice for local councils of social service and coordinated links between voluntary organisations and local authorities. From 1979 it has been known as the London Voluntary Service Council.

In 2013 it merged with United Way Worldwide to become United Way London, but returned to its own branding in 2016.. The LVSC entered voluntary liquidation on 31 October, 2017. In the statement on the LVSC website, the charity's board said: "After 107 years supporting London's thousands of civil society organisations so they can meet the needs of our communities, LVSC has transferred its remaining functions over to GLV in preparation for the establishment of a hub for London. Official website

Geography of Suriname

Suriname is located in the northern part of South America and is part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. It is covered by tropical rainforest, containing a great diversity of flora and fauna that, for the most part, are threatened by new development. There is a small population, most of which live along the coast. Geographic coordinates: 4°00′N 56°00′W Continent: South America Total: 163,820 square kilometers Land: 156,000 square kilometers Water: 7,820 square kilometers Area - comparative: See order of magnitude 1 E+11 m². Larger than the US state of Georgia. Total: 1,703 kilometers Border countries: Brazil - 593 kilometers French Guiana - 510 kilometers Guyana - 600 kilometers Coastline: 386 kilometers Exclusive economic zone: 127,772 km2 and 200 nmi Territorial sea: 12 nmi Most of the country is made up of rolling hills, but there is a narrow coastal plain that has swampy terrain. Elevation extremes Lowest point: Unnamed location in the coastal plain - 2 meters below Sea Level.

Highest point: Juliana Top - 1,230 meters Timber, fish, hydroelectric potential, shrimp and gold. Small amounts of nickel, copper and iron ore, it has sizeable oil. The country has the Brokopondo Reservoir. Several rivers run through it, including the Suriname River, Nickerie River and Maroni or Marowijne River. Arable land: 0.36% Permanent crops: 0.06% Other: 99.58% 510 square kilometers Tropical Showers, no hurricanes. Deforestation is a real problem. There is a lot of pollution of inland waterways by small-scale mining activities. Suriname has agreed to the following agreements: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Whaling Northernmost point – Oostelijke Polders Southernmost point – Border with Brazil Coeroeni Westernmost point – Border with Guyana, Sipaliwini District Easternmost point – Border with French Guiana, Sipaliwini District Highest point – Julianatop: 1,230 m Lowest point – unnamed location on the coastal plain: -2 m "Guyana, or, the Kingdom of the Amazons" is a map from the 1600s of what is now known as Suriname


The Fuerzas Regulares Indígenas, known as the Regulares, are volunteer infantry units of the Spanish Army recruited in the cities of Ceuta and Melilla. Consisting of indigenous infantry and cavalry recruited in Spanish Morocco, forming part of the Army of Africa and officered by Spaniards, these troops played a significant role in the Spanish Civil War; the Regulares were first raised in 1911 as a "batallón indígena" of infantry. Their formation came at a time when the Spanish army was expanding into the Moroccan hinterland from the long-held coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Use had been made of Moroccan auxiliaries as scouts and the designation of "regulars" appears to have been intended to distinguish the newly raised force as a permanent unit of the Spanish army. Officers and some NCOs were seconded from Peninsular regiments. By 1914 four Groups had been raised for active service. While the Regulares remained predominantly infantry, recognition of Moroccan skills as horsemen led to the establishment of cavalry squadrons.

This mounted element of the Regulares was to remain a conspicuous feature throughout the period of Spanish rule of the protectorate. As such, each Group was composed of a headquarters and service company, two infantry Tabors and a cavalry Tabor plus a military band and Corps of Drums attached to the regimental headquarters. From 1914 to 1922 the Regulares were expanded in numbers to five "Grupos" based in Melilla, Tetuán, Ceuta and Larache; the Regulares infantry were known for their ability to traverse "dead ground" without being detected, but their Spanish officers disliked unconventional warfare and only infrequently took advantage of this skill. The Moroccan troops remained loyal during the Rif War of the early 1920s, although there were reports of mutiny at Yat el Bax following the major Spanish defeat at the Battle of Annual in 1921. During this period the Regulares and the Spanish Legion emerged as the elite corps of the Spanish Army - long-serving professionals on more or less continuous active service, attracting the best officers.

These included the future caudillo Francisco Franco who served with the Regulares before transferring to the newly raised Tercio as second in command and commander of its 1st Battalion in 1920. In 1923 a detachment of the Fuerzas Regulares de Ceuta mounted guard at the Royal Palace in Madrid, indicating the high-profile achieved by the Moroccan troops. In 1934 cavalry and infantry of the Regulares were brought to Peninsular Spain by the Republican Government to assist in the suppression of the rising by Asturian miners that year. In 1936 the Spanish "Army of Africa" formed part of the rebellion led by General Franco against the Republican Government in Madrid. In the crucial initial phase of the Spanish Civil War, the rebels were able to airlift a significant number of Moroccan troops plus legionnaires across the Straits of Gibraltar, with German and Italian assistance, in order to become the shock troops of the Nationalist battles; the professionalism and brutality of the Army of Africa played a major part in early Nationalist successes.

As the war continued five more grupos of Regulares infantry were raised plus two of cavalry. The Regulares with their experience of North African warfare proved to be excellent combatants in the open countryside while advancing from Seville to Madrid during August - November 1936; however they subsequently proved less adapt at street fighting in unfamiliar urban environments. With the raising of substantial Nationalist forces in mainland Spain the role of the Regulares diminished but they retained a key function as shock troops until the end of the Civil War. Conspicuous in Franco's victory parade in Madrid in 1939, the Regulares were the most decorated units of the Nationalist forces; the numbers of the Army of Africa doubled in the course of the war to about 60,000. Following the Nationalist victory the Regulares retained their structure. Franco authorized the establishment of a ceremonial mounted honour guard from the Regulares cavalry which, with colourful Moorish uniforms and white Arabian horses, served in close attendance on him and formed part of his guards unit.

With the independence of Morocco in 1956 the majority of the Moroccan personnel of the Regulares, numbering about 12,500, were transferred to the newly raised Royal Moroccan Armed Forces. The two cavalry units were disbanded and the Groups were reduced to just eight. In 1957 Franco's ceremonial guard in Madrid, the Guarda Mora, were replaced by an escort of Spanish cavalry who retained the white cloaks and horses of the Regulares. Spain retained the historic enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta and the reduced Groups of Tetuan, Melilla and Alhucemas remained in existence as part of the two garrisons; as part of a wider reorganisation of the Spanish Army in 1986, the existing 4 Regulares Groups were amalgamated into two light infantry regiments within the present day Spanish Army, which exist to this day. Their active personnel are Spanish citizens first and foremost, many of them natives of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, both Muslim and Christian, they retain the traditional divisions of Grupos or Groups and Tabores as follows: Grupo de Infantería Ligera Regulares de Melilla nº 52 Tabor Alhuce

2004–05 Ligat Nashim

The 2004–05 Ligat Nashim is the seventh season of women's league football under the Israeli Football Association. The league began on 26 January 2005, following a Supreme Court ruling which ordered Minister of Education and Sport, Limor Livnat to introduce measures to equal funding for women football clubs; the league was won by its second title. By winning, Maccabi Holon qualified to 2005–06 UEFA Women's Cup. With a record number of 19 teams registered to play, the league was split into two divisions and Southern. Following a single round of play, the top four teams in each division progressed to the Championship Group, played as double round-robin tournament, while the rest of the teams were placed in the bottom group, played as a single round-robin tournament. For the second phase, all points gathered by the teams in the first phase was erased and both groups started with a clean slate. With 9 teams in the division, teams played 8 matches in the regular season. With 10 teams in the division, teams played.

Ligat Nashim 2004-05 Eran R, 8 April 2015, 2004-2005 Women's League

Khalid bin Mohammad Al Attiyah

Khalid bin Mohammad Al Attiyah is a Qatari politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Qatar from June 2013 to January 2016. He has been Minister of State for Defense since January 2016. Al Attiyah was born on 9 March 1967. Work=APS Review Gas Market Trends|date=22 September 2003}}</ref> His father was the founder of the Qatar Armed Forces. He received a bachelor's degree in air science from King Faisal Air Academy in 1987 and a law degree from Beirut Arab University in 1993, he holds a master's degree in public law and a PhD in law, both of which he received from Cairo University. Al Attiyah started his career as a fighter pilot and joined Qatar's air force, where he served from 1987 to 1995, he left the air force and established a law firm in 1995. From 2003 to 2008 he served as the President of the National Committee for Human Rights. During the same period he owned a law firm, he served as the Minister of State for International Cooperation from 2008 to 2011. During his tenure he served as acting Minister for Business and Trade.

In 2009, he became a member of Silatech's board of trustees. He is a member of the board of directors and chairman of the executive committee of the Diar company, a member of the board of directors of the Qatar electricity and water company. In a cabinet reshuffle in September 2011, Al Attiyah was appointed as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs in the cabinet led by Prime Minister Hamad bin Jassim Al Thani. On 26 June 2013, Al Attiyah was named as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in a cabinet reshuffle, he replaced Hamad bin Jassim Al Thani as foreign minister. The cabinet is headed by Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser Al Thani. In a cabinet reshuffle on 27 January 2016, Al Attiyah was replaced as Minister of Foreign Affairs by Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani. In the same reshuffle Al Attiyah was appointed as Minister of State for Defense. Khalid bin Mohammad Al-Attiya interviewed by Tim Sebastian for the DW-TV program Conflict Zone